Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry
Author: Khalid Al Nabhani,Faisal Khan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-08-29
ISBN 10: 0128168269
ISBN 13: 9780128168264
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry Book Review:

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry comprehensively discusses the TENORMs generated from various types of oil and gas processes and their associated adverse human health effects, effective TENORM waste management strategies, and the quantitative risk analysis. The book thoroughly investigates current knowledge, addressing the three main gaps identified in available studies: 1) Exposure to radioactivity, 2) High volume waste as a source of radiation exposure, and 3) A lack of uniform, international safety regulations. This book offers researchers, scientists and graduate and undergraduate students a comprehensive and well-researched reference that covers fundamental concepts, problem identification and solutions development. It is an ideal, comprehensive guideline for professionals involved in the oil and gas and nuclear industries who are concerned about radiological issues. Demystifies NORM and TENORM concepts and redefines TENORM from technical and nuclear scientific perspectives Addresses statistically representative data of quantitative risk assessment and dynamic accident modeling Stresses the need for legislation and consistency of safety standards relating to radiological risks posed by TENORM on health and the environment

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015058700033
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry Book Review:

The International Atomic Energy Agency has issued this series of reports on the practical methods that can be used to ensure safety and protection in peaceful activities involving radiation or radioactive materials. This series covers a wide range of topics in the realm of atomic energy. Subjects covered include: nuclear installations, nuclear fuel cycle activities, transport of radioactive material, radiation protection and safety for workers and the public, medical aspects, emergency preparedness, accident response and recovery, radioactive waste management, safety assessment, and environmental impact.

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 1999-02-25
ISBN 10: 0309062977
ISBN 13: 9780309062978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book Review:

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Advances in Petrochemicals

Advances in Petrochemicals
Author: Vivek Patel
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2015-09-30
ISBN 10: 9535121766
ISBN 13: 9789535121763
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Petrochemicals Book Review:

The petrochemical industry is an important area in our pursuits for economic growth, employment generation, and basic needs. It is a huge field that encompasses many commercial petrochemical and polymer-enabled products. The book is designed to help the reader, particularly students and researchers of petroleum science and engineering, to understand synthesis, processing, mechanics, and simulation of the petroleum processes. The selection of topics addressed and the examples, tables, and graphs used to illustrate them are governed, to a large extent, by the fact that this book is aimed primarily at petroleum science and engineering technologists. Undoubtedly, this book contains must read materials for students, engineers, and researchers working in the area of petrochemicals and petroleum and provides valuable insights into the related synthesis, processing, mechanisms, and simulation. This book is concise, self-explanatory, informative, and cost-effective.

Sustainable Nuclear Power

Sustainable Nuclear Power
Author: Galen J. Suppes,Truman Storvick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2006-12-08
ISBN 10: 0080466451
ISBN 13: 9780080466453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Nuclear Power Book Review:

Sustainable Nuclear Power provides non-nuclear engineers, scientists and energy planners with the necessary information to understand and utilize the major advances in the field. The book demonstrates that nuclear fission technology has the abundance and attainability to provide centuries of safe power with minimal greenhouse gas generation. It also addresses the safety and disposal issues that have plagued the development of the nuclear power industry and scared planners and policy makers as well as the general public for more than two decades. No need for a background in nuclear science! This book guides engineers, scientists and energy professionals through a concise and easy-to-understand overview of key safety and sustainability issues affecting their work. Details the very latest information about today's safest and most energy-efficient reactor designs and reprocessing procedures. Brings to light the fears and hesitation of using nuclear energy and explains that technologies and procedures for safe production and processing are available today.

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment
Author: Kenneth L Nash,Gregg J Lumetta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-03-15
ISBN 10: 0857092278
ISBN 13: 9780857092274
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment Book Review:

Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment processes. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and nuclear safety professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers in this field. A comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment Details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, as well as highly selective compounds for solvent extraction Discusses the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on the Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilitiesâ¬"Phase I
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2012-06-29
ISBN 10: 0309255716
ISBN 13: 9780309255714
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities Book Review:

In the late 1980s, the National Cancer Institute initiated an investigation of cancer risks in populations near 52 commercial nuclear power plants and 10 Department of Energy nuclear facilities (including research and nuclear weapons production facilities and one reprocessing plant) in the United States. The results of the NCI investigation were used a primary resource for communicating with the public about the cancer risks near the nuclear facilities. However, this study is now over 20 years old. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission requested that the National Academy of Sciences provide an updated assessment of cancer risks in populations near USNRC-licensed nuclear facilities that utilize or process uranium for the production of electricity. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 1 focuses on identifying scientifically sound approaches for carrying out an assessment of cancer risks associated with living near a nuclear facility, judgments about the strengths and weaknesses of various statistical power, ability to assess potential confounding factors, possible biases, and required effort. The results from this Phase 1 study will be used to inform the design of cancer risk assessment, which will be carried out in Phase 2. This report is beneficial for the general public, communities near nuclear facilities, stakeholders, healthcare providers, policy makers, state and local officials, community leaders, and the media.

Medical Management of Radiation Injuries

Medical Management of Radiation Injuries
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2020-07-31
ISBN 10: 9789201070197
ISBN 13: 9201070195
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Management of Radiation Injuries Book Review:

This publication focuses on the medical management of individuals involved in radiation emergencies, especially those who have been exposed to high doses of ionizing radiation. Its primary objective is to provide practical information, to be used for treatment decisions by medical personnel during a radiation emergency. It also addresses general and specific measures for the medical management of individuals who have been internally contaminated with radionuclides. This publication is complementary to other publications developed by the IAEA in the medical area of radiation emergencies.

Crude Justice

Crude Justice
Author: Stuart H. Smith
Publsiher: BenBella Books, Inc.
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2015-01-13
ISBN 10: 1940363446
ISBN 13: 9781940363448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crude Justice Book Review:

One day in the small Mississippi town of Laurel, a 26-year-old expectant mom named Karen Street sat down at the edge of her bathtub—and felt her hip split in two. The episode was so bizarre it wasn't until later, after she saw the doctor, that she realized her bone disease was almost certainly linked to her father-in-law's business. Winston Street ran a machine shop that drilled the gunk out of pipes used by Chevron, Shell and other giants of the oil industry—creating a white powder that covered Karen Street's husband's overalls every night, which then landed in their vegetable garden...and was highly radioactive. Winston Street didn't know the dust was poisonous, nor did his workers or his family. But someone did know. Indeed, there was evidence that America's Big Oil companies were aware for decades that they were pulling up radium from under the earth, poisoning yards like Street's while dumping radioactive water in unlined pits across the South. Now, to prove that and win justice for his blue-collar clients, an untested young lawyer named Stuart H. Smith and his eccentric team would have to get the better of America's best-known radiation attorney and the global clout of Chevron inside a Mississippi courtroom. In a gripping tale that reads as if torn from the pages of a John Grisham novel, Crude Justice tells how the Little Guy can take on the behemoth of Big Oil and win…with the help of a good attorney. Recounting more than two decades as a top environmental lawyer in the toxic oil patch of the American South, Smith tells the story of how he upped the ante again and again—getting the best of Chevron, then taking on the world's most powerful corporation, ExxonMobil, with $1 billion on the line, and finally ferreting out the elusive truth behind BP's 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster, the worst oil spill in U.S. history. Smith finally builds upon the courtroom drama of his past and the environmental threats of the present—from fracking to the Keystone XL pipeline—to issue a resounding call for America to break its crippling addiction to fossil fuels.

Overview of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material from the Contemporary Oil and Gas Industry

Overview of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material from the Contemporary Oil and Gas Industry
Author: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-04
ISBN 10: 9781944888213
ISBN 13: 1944888217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Overview of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material from the Contemporary Oil and Gas Industry Book Review:

Medical Isotope Production Without Highly Enriched Uranium

Medical Isotope Production Without Highly Enriched Uranium
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on Medical Isotope Production Without Highly Enriched Uranium
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2009-06-27
ISBN 10: 0309130395
ISBN 13: 9780309130394
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Isotope Production Without Highly Enriched Uranium Book Review:

This book is the product of a congressionally mandated study to examine the feasibility of eliminating the use of highly enriched uranium (HEU2) in reactor fuel, reactor targets, and medical isotope production facilities. The book focuses primarily on the use of HEU for the production of the medical isotope molybdenum-99 (Mo-99), whose decay product, technetium-99m3 (Tc-99m), is used in the majority of medical diagnostic imaging procedures in the United States, and secondarily on the use of HEU for research and test reactor fuel. The supply of Mo-99 in the U.S. is likely to be unreliable until newer production sources come online. The reliability of the current supply system is an important medical isotope concern; this book concludes that achieving a cost difference of less than 10 percent in facilities that will need to convert from HEU- to LEU-based Mo-99 production is much less important than is reliability of supply.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
Author: Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2013-12-03
ISBN 10: 0080993931
ISBN 13: 9780080993935
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book Review:

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Management of Norm Residues

Management of Norm Residues
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: International Atomic Energy Agency
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2013-07-01
ISBN 10: 9789201427106
ISBN 13: 9201427107
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management of Norm Residues Book Review:

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology
Author: Khalid Al Nabhani
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 519
Release: 2021-09-17
ISBN 10: 0128232269
ISBN 13: 9780128232262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology Book Review:

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology: For Peace and Sustainable Development presents the latest technology and research on nuclear energy with a practical focus on a variety of applications. Author Dr. Khalid Al-Nabhani provides a thorough and well-rounded view of the status of nuclear power generation in order to promote its benefits towards a sustainable, clean and secure future. This book offers innovative theoretical, analytical, methodological and technological approaches, encourages a positive societal and political uptake. This book enhances awareness of peaceful nuclear applications across a broad spectrum of industries, including power generation, agriculture, and medicine. It presents successful examples and lessons learned across many countries that are working towards their sustainability goals in cooperation with the IAEA and AAEA, to benefit researchers, professionals and decision-makers implementing and developing their own nuclear strategies for the future. Presents theoretical and scientific knowledge which is supported with real examples and successful experiences Provides prevailing perceptions of nuclear safety and security concerns by presenting the most advanced safety and security systems Applies technologies to a variety of applications to guide the reader to make informed decisions to help meet sustainability goals

Uranium Mining in Virginia

Uranium Mining in Virginia
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Earth Resources,Committee on Uranium Mining in Virginia
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2012-09-03
ISBN 10: 0309220874
ISBN 13: 9780309220873
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Uranium Mining in Virginia Book Review:

Uranium mining in the Commonwealth of Virginia has been prohibited since 1982 by a state moratorium, although approval for restricted uranium exploration in the state was granted in 2007. Uranium Mining in Virginia examines the scientific, technical, environmental, human health and safety, and regulatory aspects of uranium mining, milling, and processing as they relate to the Commonwealth of Virginia for the purpose of assisting the Commonwealth to determine whether uranium mining, milling, and processing can be undertaken in a manner that safeguards the environment, natural and historic resources, agricultural lands, and the health and well-being of its citizens. According to this report, if Virginia lifts its moratorium, there are "steep hurdles to be surmounted" before mining and processing could take place within a regulatory setting that appropriately protects workers, the public, and the environment, especially given that the state has no experience regulating mining and processing of the radioactive element. The authoring committee was not asked to recommend whether uranium mining should be permitted, or to consider the potential benefits to the state were uranium mining to be pursued. It also was not asked to compare the relative risks of uranium mining to the mining of other fuels such as coal. This book will be of interest to decision makers at the state and local level, the energy industry, and concerned citizens.

Energy Fact Book

Energy Fact Book
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105211338129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Fact Book Book Review:

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Radioactive Waste Management
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 44
Release: 1999-11-07
ISBN 10: 0309067782
ISBN 13: 9780309067782
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation Book Review:

During the next several years, decisions are expected to be made in several countries on the further development and implementation of the geological disposition option. The Board on Radioactive Waste Management (BRWM) of the U.S. National Academies believes that informed and reasoned discussion of relevant scientific, engineering and social issues can-and should-play a constructive role in the decision process by providing information to decision makers on relevant technical and policy issues. A BRWM-initiated project including a workshop at Irvine, California on November 4-5, 1999, and subsequent National Academies' report to be published in spring, 2000, are intended to provide such information to national policy makers both in the U.S. and abroad. To inform national policies, it is essential that experts from the physical, geological, and engineering sciences, and experts from the policy and social science communities work together. Some national programs have involved social science and policy experts from the beginning, while other programs have only recently recognized the importance of this collaboration. An important goal of the November workshop is to facilitate dialogue between these communities, as well as to encourage the sharing of experiences from many national programs. The workshop steering committee has prepared this discussion for participants at the workshop. It should elicit critical comments and help identify topics requiring in-depth discussion at the workshop. It is not intended as a statement of findings, conclusions, or recommendations. It is rather intended as a vehicle for stimulating dialogue among the workshop participants. Out of that dialogue will emerge the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the National Academies' report.

Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry

Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry
Author: Gregory R. Choppin,Jan-Olov Liljenzin,Jan Rydberg
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 709
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 0750674636
ISBN 13: 9780750674638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry Book Review:

Radiochemistry or Nuclear Chemistry is the study of radiation from an atomic or molecular perspective, including elemental transformation and reaction effects, as well as physical, health and medical properties. This revised edition of one of the earliest and best known books on the subject has been updated to bring into teaching the latest developments in research and the current hot topics in the field. In order to further enhance the functionality of this text, the authors have added numerous teaching aids that include an interactive website that features testing, examples in MathCAD with variable quantities and options, hotlinks to relevant text sections from the book, and online self-grading texts. As in the previous edition, readers can closely follow the structure of the chapters from the broad introduction through the more in depth descriptions of radiochemistry then nuclear radiation chemistry and finally the guide to nuclear energy (including energy production, fuel cycle, and waste management). New edition of a well-known, respected text in the specialized field of nuclear/radiochemistry Includes an interactive website with testing and evaluation modules based on exercises in the book Suitable for both radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry courses

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering
Author: Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN 10: 1789236169
ISBN 13: 9781789236163
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering Book Review:

Nuclear engineering could be viewed as the engineering field that ensures optimum and sustainable technological applications of natural and induced radioactive materials in different industrial sectors. This book presents some advanced applications in radiation effects, thermal hydraulics, and radionuclide migration in the environment. These scientific contributions from esteemed experts introduce some nuclear safety principals, current knowledge about radiation types, sources and applications, thermal properties of heat transfer media, and the role of sorption in retarding radionuclide migration in the environment. This book also covers the advances in identifying radiation effects in dense gas-metal systems, application of dense granular materials as high power targets in accelerator driven systems and irradiation facilities, evaluation of boiling heat transfer in narrow channels, and application of fluorescence quenching techniques to monitor uranium migration.

Closing the Circle on the Splitting of the Atom

Closing the Circle on the Splitting of the Atom
Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 106
Release: 1995-03
ISBN 10: 9780788116360
ISBN 13: 0788116363
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Closing the Circle on the Splitting of the Atom Book Review:

Describes environmental, safety, and health problems throughout the nuclear weapons complex and what the U.S. Dept. of Energy is doing to address them. Covers: building nuclear warheads: the process; wastes and other byproducts of the cold war (spent nuclear fuel, plutonium residues, radioactive waste, transuranic waste, hazardous waste, etc.); contamination and cleanup; an international perspective; transition to new missions; and looking to the future. Over 100 b/w photos. Extensive glossary and bibliography.