Nuclear Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2012-02-21
ISBN 10: 0857095331
ISBN 13: 9780857095336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Book Review:

Once a nuclear installation has reached the end of its safe and economical operational lifetime, the need for its decommissioning arises. Different strategies can be employed for nuclear decommissioning, based on the evaluation of particular hazards and their attendant risks, as well as on the analysis of costs of clean-up and waste management. This allows for decommissioning either soon after permanent shutdown, or perhaps a long time later, the latter course allowing for radioactivity levels to drop in any activated or contaminated components. It is crucial for clear processes and best practices to be applied in decommissioning such installations and sites, particular where any significant health and environmental risks exist. This book critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Part one focuses on the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process, from principles and safety regulations, to financing and project management. Part two covers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, detailing processes and technologies such as dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse. Finally, part three details international experience in the decommissioning of nuclear applications, including the main nuclear reactor types and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, as well as small nuclear facilities and legacy nuclear waste sites. Critically reviews nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities Discusses the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process Considers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, including dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse

Nuclear Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2018-03-14
ISBN 10: 3319759167
ISBN 13: 9783319759166
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Book Review:

This book discusses the history of nuclear decommissioning as a science and industry. It explores the early, little-known period when the term “decommissioning” was not used in the nuclear context and the end-of-life operations of a nuclear facility were a low priority. It then describes the subsequent period when decommissioning was recognized as a separate phase of the nuclear lifecycle, before bringing readers up to date with today’s state of the art. The author addresses decommissioning as a mature industry in an era in which large, commercial nuclear reactors and other fuel-cycle installations have been fully dismantled, and their sites returned to other uses. The book also looks at the birth, growth and maturity of decommissioning, focusing on how new issues emerged, how these were gradually addressed, and the lessons learned from them. Further, it examines the technologies and management advances in science and industry that followed these solutions. Nuclear Decommissioning is a point of reference for industry researchers and decommissioning practitioners looking to enrich their knowledge of decommissioning in recent decades as well as the modern industry. The book is also of interest to historians and students who wish to learn more about the history of nuclear decommissioning.

Nuclear Decommissioning Waste Management and Environmental Site Remediation

Nuclear Decommissioning  Waste Management  and Environmental Site Remediation
Author: Colin Bayliss,Kevin Langley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2003-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780080537788
ISBN 13: 0080537782
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Waste Management and Environmental Site Remediation Book Review:

Decommissioning nuclear facilities is a relatively new field, which has developed rapidly in the last ten years. It involves materials that may be highly radioactive and therefore require sophisticated methods of containment and remote handling. The wastes arising from decommissioning are hazardous and have to be stored or disposed of safely in order to protect the environment and future generations. Nuclear decommissioning work must be carried out to the highest possible standards to protect workers, the general public and the environment. This book describes the techniques used for dismantling redundant nuclear facilities, the safe storage of radioactive wastes and the restoration of nuclear licensed sites. * Describes the techniques used for dismantling nuclear facilities, safe storage of radioactive wastes, and the restoration of nuclear licensed facilities. * Provides the reader with decommissioning experience accumulated over 15 years by UKAEA. * Contains valuable information to personnel new to decommissioning and waste management.

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2017-06-12
ISBN 10: 008101239X
ISBN 13: 9780081012390
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning Book Review:

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning is an essential resource for industry professionals and academics interested in acquiring the most up-to-date information on the current state of nuclear decommissioning. Written and edited by the world’s leading experts, this book considers lessons learned and new innovations in the field. Edited by Dr. Laraia, it is the perfect companion to his 2012 book, Nuclear Decommissioning, which critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Where the earlier book covers the basics of decommissioning, this new book brings you up-to-date with new areas of interest and approaches, innovative technologies, and lessons learned by both the nuclear and non-nuclear decommissioning sectors. Focuses on new aspects, trends and innovative technologies Includes content on decommissioning after a severe accident, including the use of robotics Brings together information from around the world and considers the lessons learned from the non-nuclear sector as well

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2021-06-25
ISBN 10: 0323914896
ISBN 13: 9780323914895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies Book Review:

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies: Policies, Strategies, Planning and Knowledge Management focuses on policy, strategy, planning and knowledge management in nuclear decommissioning, offering readers guidance on events that occur in early stages of the lifecycle. The book helps readers plan in advance to avoid and reduce schedule delays and cost overruns to ensure a smooth, safe and successful decommissioning. Events covered in this book range from top-level conception, to strategy selection, the drafting of procedures, and the sharing of best practices. Alongside the other case study books in this series, readers will obtain an understanding of various key points and lessons learned. Decommissioning experts, including regulators, operators, waste managers, researchers and academics will find this book to be suitable supplementary material to Michele Laraia’s reference works on the theory and applications of nuclear decommissioning. Presents a selection of global case studies that focus on the early stages of nuclear decommissioning Highlights the need to ensure sustainability plans are in place at the beginning of a nuclear project Informs decision-makers on selecting the best options Assists the reader in setting clear plans and strategies to avoid schedule delays and cost overruns

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-02-15
ISBN 10: 0128237015
ISBN 13: 9780128237014
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies Book Review:

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies: Accidental Impacts on Workers, the Environment and the Public, Volume One presents a collection of international case studies that show impacts on workers, the public and the environment. Author Michele Laraia describes typical stages of decommissioning, such as categorization, hazard and risk analysis, and the risks and impacts involved at each stage. Each case is introduced before discussing its impacts, solutions, analysis, and lessons learned. This book uniquely collects, categorizes and compares radiological and non-radiological accidents, incidents and near misses which will be of great value to practitioners in industry and authorities developing nuclear programs. Finally, this book instructs readers on important prevention, mitigation and control measures to create sustainable, safe nuclear facilities. Includes various case studies and analyses on the impact of nuclear decommissioning on environmental sustainability, workers and the public Highlights the need of ensuring sustainability plans at the beginning of a nuclear project and informs decision makers on how to select the best options Guides the reader through a systematic analysis of the likelihood of incidents and how to take measures against them

Beyond Decommissioning

Beyond Decommissioning
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2019-06-08
ISBN 10: 008102875X
ISBN 13: 9780081028759
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beyond Decommissioning Book Review:

Beyond Decommissioning: The Reuse and Redevelopment of Nuclear Installations presents the most up-to-date research and guidance on the reuse and redevelopment of nuclear plants and sites. Consultant Michele Laraia extensively builds upon experience from the redevelopment of non-nuclear industrial sites, a technical field that has considerably predated nuclear applications, to help the reader gain a very thorough and practical understanding of the redevelopment opportunities for decommissioned nuclear sites. Laraia emphasizes the socioeconomic and financial benefits from very early planning for site reuse, including how to manage the decommissioning transition, anticipate financial issues, and effectively utilize available resources. With an increasing number of decommissioning projects being conducted worldwide, it is critical that knowledge gained by experts with hands-on experience is passed on to the younger generation of nuclear professionals. Besides, this book describes the experiences of non-nuclear organizations that have reutilized the human, financial, and physical site assets, with adaptations, for a new productive mission, making it a key reference for all parties associated with nuclear operation and decommissioning. Those responsible for nuclear operation and decommissioning are encouraged to incorporate site reuse within an integrated, beginning-to-end view of their projects. The book also appeals to nuclear regulators as it highlights more opportunities to complete nuclear decommissioning safely, speedily, and in the best interests of all concerned parties. Includes lessons learned from worldwide case studies of reuse and repurposing of nuclear plants from both the nuclear and non-nuclear industries Provides practical guidance on a broad-spectrum of factors and opportunities for nuclear decommissioning Identifies the roles and responsibilities of parties involved, including nuclear operators, regulators and authorities, land planners and environmentalists

Nuclear Decommissioning and Society

Nuclear Decommissioning and Society
Author: Martin J. Pasqualetti
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2019-03-28
ISBN 10: 1000007499
ISBN 13: 9781000007497
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning and Society Book Review:

Originally published in 1990. This book argues that a better understanding of the social impact of decommissioning - in areas such as jobs, waste, economics, opinion, law, public policy, land-use and legacies - is vital to the successful application of any technical solution. The issues raised are divided into three areas which deal with those problems that have already been recognized, the questions that decommissioning itself will raise and those that may result from likely future developments. The book aims to initiate a process of appraisal by examining several of the more obvious social ties to decommissioning.

Taking forward decommissioning

Taking forward decommissioning
Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2008-01-30
ISBN 10: 9780102951974
ISBN 13: 0102951977
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Taking forward decommissioning Book Review:

This NAO report examines the process of decommissioning of the UK's nuclear power stations and the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority's performance in using contracts to take forward decommissioning of the various sites, since April 2005, along with what lessons can be learnt. By December 2007, 14 facilities had already shut down and were in the process of being decommissioned. Current plans envisage that most of these sites will be cleared over a 100-year period, at the current estimated cost of £61 billion. The NDA's estimate of the undiscounted future costs of sites over the remaining lifetime, £73 billion, was almost £17 billion higher than the estimate made by the Department in 2003. The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority itself was established on 1 April 2005 to ensure the safe and efficient clean-up of the UK's first generation of civil public sector nuclear facilities, with responsibility for 19 sites. Command Paper (Cm. 5552, Managing the Nuclear Legacy, ISBN 9780101555227), which was published in 2002, set out broadly the Government's structure for taking forward decommissioning by allowing competition. The NAO has set out a number of recommendations, including: that the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority should develop its current contract incentives; that the Authority should strengthen its capacity to scrutinise cost estimates; that the authority should determine the reasons for the continuing increases in cost estimates submitted by sites; that the Authority should evaluate the risks from more commercial management of its sites and develop clear and transparent measures of the progress of decommissioning; that the Authority should require site licensees to prepare lifetime plans on the most realistic available funding assumptions.

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2022-02-15
ISBN 10: 9780323857369
ISBN 13: 0323857361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies Book Review:

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies: The People Side is the third volume in Michele Laraia's series which presents a selection of global case studies on different aspects of Nuclear Decommissioning. This volume focuses on the people side of nuclear decommissioning, including stakeholder impacts, public relations, and workforce factors. It presents a selection of case studies on stakeholders, socioeconomics, and human factors, providing the readers with a guide and information to deal with common, often contentious, challenges. The events covered in this publication range from change management, stakeholder motivation and involvement to leadership adequacies. Decommissioning experts, including regulators, operators, waste managers, researchers, and academics, will find this book to be a suitable supplementary material to Michele Laraia's reference works on the theory and applications of nuclear decommissioning. Alongside the other case studies books in this series, readers will obtain an understanding of stakeholder, socioeconomic, and people-related case studies, what happened and what we can learn from them, to help supplement, solidify, and strengthen their understanding of the topic. Presents a selection of global case studies which focus on the people side of nuclear decommissioning, specifically workforce and public impacts, stakeholder management, and human factors Highlights important sustainability and socio-economic factors Assists the reader in developing robust people-related plans and strategies based on experience and lessons learned

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority business plan 2012 2015

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority business plan 2012 2015
Author: Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 51
Release: 2012-03-27
ISBN 10: 9780108511479
ISBN 13: 0108511472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority business plan 2012 2015 Book Review:

Managing Risk Reduction at Sellafield

Managing Risk Reduction at Sellafield
Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 48
Release: 2012-11-07
ISBN 10: 9780102980455
ISBN 13: 0102980454
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Risk Reduction at Sellafield Book Review:

A report today by the National Audit Office highlights the considerable challenge faced by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority in taking forward the clean-up of Sellafield, the UK's largest and most hazardous nuclear site. To date the performance of some of the major projects at Sellafield has been poor. The Authority inherited a legacy of poor planning and neglect over several decades when it took ownership of Sellafield in April 2005. The Authority achieved an important milestone in May 2011 when it approved a more robust lifetime plan for the clean-up of Sellafield site by 2120. The improved lifetime plan contributed to an increase in the Authority's provision for decommissioning the site to £67 billion (undiscounted) as at March 2012, up from £47 billion as at March 2009. Significant uncertainties and scheduling risks remain, which the authority is working to understand and address. For example, there is considerable uncertainty over the time required and cost of completing facilities to treat and store highly radioactive material held in deteriorating legacy ponds and silos. Today's report concluded that it is too early to judge whether the appointment of Nuclear Management Partners Limited as the parent body of Sellafield is delivering value for money.

International Structure for Decommissioning Costing ISDC of Nuclear Installations

International Structure for Decommissioning Costing  ISDC  of Nuclear Installations
Author: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 195
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9789264991736
ISBN 13: 9264991735
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Structure for Decommissioning Costing ISDC of Nuclear Installations Book Review:

Cost estimation for the decommissioning of nuclear facilities can vary considerably in format, content and practice both within and across countries. These differences may have legitimate reasons but make the process of reviewing estimates complicated and the estimates themselves difficult to defend. Hence, the joint initiative of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Commission (EC) was undertaken to propose a standard itemisation of decommissioning costs either directly for the production of cost estimates or for mapping estimates onto a standard, common structure for purposes of comparison. This report updates the earlier itemisation published in 1999 and takes into account experience accumulated thus far. The revised cost itemisation structure has sought to ensure that all costs within the planned scope of a decommissioning project may be reflected. The report also provides general guidance on developing a decommissioning cost estimate, including detailed advice on using the structure.

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Taking Forward Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority   Taking Forward Decommissioning
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2008-07-10
ISBN 10: 9780215521668
ISBN 13: 0215521668
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Taking Forward Decommissioning Book Review:

This is the 38th report from the Committee of Public Accounts (HCP 370, session 2007-08, ISBN 9780215521668) on the subject of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. The NAO produced a report on the same subject (HCP 238, session 2007-08, ISBN 9780102951974). The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) was established in April 2005 with the aim of decommissioning the UK's civil public sector nuclear sites. By December 2007, 14 of its 19 sites had already shut down and were being decommissioned, with parts of Sellafield being cleaned-up. The NDA discharges its responsibilities through contracts with licensed operators at each site. The sites are managed by site licensees, including preparation of decommissioning plans and performing and sub-contracting work. The licensees are owned by four parent bodies. The NDA aims to improve site performance by putting the right to be the parent body out to tender. There is uncertainty over the costs of decommissioning, with an estimate of £73 billion prepared in 2007, up 30% since 2003. The Committee accepts that the legacy of deferred decision making over a period of 50 years is in part responsible for the cost increases, but believes that some of the escalating costs should be avoidable, including short-term changes to the decommissioning programme and the scale of site support costs. Further, the NDA's work has been hampered by the uncertainty in the level of commercial income earned from ageing and unreliable facilities, with the NDA cutting, at short notice, the levels of funding it projected to provide in the 2007-08 period of decommissioning. This has imposed additional costs on the taxpayer, with the NDA providing £31.6 million to cover costs of early contract closure, staff training and redundancy.

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Trade and Industry Committee
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 84
Release: 2005-05-19
ISBN 10: 9780215024770
ISBN 13: 021502477X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Book Review:

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority : Oral and written Evidence

Nuclear Decommissioning Economics

Nuclear Decommissioning Economics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 331
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:231426409
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Economics Book Review:

Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning Dismantling and Disposal

Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning  Dismantling and Disposal
Author: Ashot A. Sarkisov,Alain Tournyol du Clos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 443
Release: 1999-02-28
ISBN 10: 9780792355977
ISBN 13: 0792355970
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning Dismantling and Disposal Book Review:

A great number of nuclear submarines are due to be decommissioned before 2000. The political decisions surrounding the disposal of nuclear compartments, radioactive wastes and spent fuel differ appreciably between the countries that own the boats. The decision makers involved thus need help in comparing and assessing alternative options for the decommissioning of their nuclear submarine fleets. The present volume offers such assistance, with its discussions of the risks associated with long-term water storage of the boats, radioactive and chemical contamination, spent fuel and waste management, and handling and recycling reactor compartments.

The Capabilities of International Nuclear Decommissioning

The Capabilities of International Nuclear Decommissioning
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 40
Release: 1993*
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:224600709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Capabilities of International Nuclear Decommissioning Book Review:

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 41
Release: 2013-02-04
ISBN 10: 9780215053237
ISBN 13: 0215053230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Book Review:

The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (the Authority) was set up in 2005 with the specific remit to tackle the UK's nuclear legacy. Sellafield is run for the Authority by Sellafield Limited. In November 2008, the Authority contracted with an international consortium-Nuclear Management Partners Limited-to improve Sellafield Limited's management of the site, including the development of an improved lifetime plan. Over several decades, successive governments have been guilty of failing to tackle issues on the site. Deadlines for cleaning up Sellafield have been missed, while total lifetime costs for decommissioning the site continue to rise each year and now stand at £67.5 billion. The Authority believes it now has a credible plan for decommissioning Sellafield and expects Sellafield Limited to start retrieving hazardous waste currently held in legacy facilities in 2015. Nonetheless, given the track record on the site and given that only 2 of the 14 major projects were being delivered on or ahead of schedule in 2011-12, the Committee is not yet convinced that this date will be met or that sufficient progress is being made. Basic project management failings continue to cause delays and increase costs, while doubts remain over the robustness of the plan, in particular whether the Authority is progressing the development of the geological disposal facility as quickly as possible. Nor is the Committee convinced that taxpayers are getting a good deal from the Authority's arrangement with Nuclear Management Partners. And taxpayers currently bear the financial risks of delays and cost increases.

Funding the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

Funding the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Business and Enterprise Committee
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 59
Release: 2008-04-07
ISBN 10: 9780215514547
ISBN 13: 0215514548
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Funding the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Book Review:

The NDA is funded by a combination of commercial income and grant-in-aid. For 2007/08 its budget is set at £2,790 million; of this, £1,420 million was intended to be ring-fenced grant-in-aid and £1,370 million commercial income, chiefly from reprocessing but also including income from waste substitution. The National Audit Office report (HC238, session 2007-08, ISBN 9780102951974) identified uncertainty as to whether the waste substitution income budgeted for would actually be forthcoming. There has been a shortfall in the NDA's budget and the large request for additional funding that resulted came at a very late stage in the financial year. The Committee believes the NDA's funding model is unsustainable, particularly in light of the volatile and declining nature of the NDA's commercial income. Public funding will almost certainly have to increase significantly, over and above the current plans. This has major implications for the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (DBERR) which already spends 40 per cent of its departmental expenditure limit on the NDA. A new system of funding is needed, as the Permanent Secretary of DBERR acknowledged, and work on this needs to begin urgently.