Nitrogen in the Environment Sources Problems and Management

Nitrogen in the Environment  Sources  Problems and Management
Author: R.F. Follett,J.L. Hatfield
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2001-12-03
ISBN 10: 9780080537566
ISBN 13: 0080537561
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen in the Environment Sources Problems and Management Book Review:

Nitrogen in the Environment: Sources, Problems, and Management is the first volume to provide a holistic perspective and comprehensive treatment of nitrogen from field, to ecosystem, to treatment of urban and rural drinking water supplies, while also including a historical overview, human health impacts and policy considerations. It provides a worldwide perspective on nitrogen and agriculture. Nitrogen is one of the most critical elements required in agricultural systems for the production of crops for feed, food and fiber. The ever-increasing world population requires increasing use of nitrogen in agriculture to supply human needs for dietary protein. Worldwide demand for nitrogen will increase as a direct response to increasing population. Strategies and perspectives are considered to improve nitrogen-use efficiency. Issues of nitrogen in crop and human nutrition, and transport and transformations along the continuum from farm field to ground water, watersheds, streams, rivers, and coastal marine environments are discussed. Described are aerial transport of nitrogen from livestock and agricultural systems and the potential for deposition and impacts. The current status of nitrogen in the environment in selected terrestrial and coastal environments and crop and forest ecosystems and development of emerging technologies to minimize nitrogen impacts on the environment are addressed. The nitrogen cycle provides a framework for assessing broad scale or even global strategies to improve nitrogen use efficiency. Growing human populations are the driving force that requires increased nitrogen inputs. These increasing inputs into the food-production system directly result in increased livestock and human-excretory nitrogen contribution into the environment. The scope of this book is diverse, covering a range of topics and issues from furthering our understanding of nitrogen in the environment to policy considerations at both farm and national scales.

Nitrogen in the Environment

Nitrogen in the Environment
Author: Jerry L. Hatfield,Ronald F. Follett
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9780123743473
ISBN 13: 0123743478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen in the Environment Book Review:

Nitrogen is one of the most critical elements for all life forms. In agricultural systems it is essential for the production of crops for feed, food, and fiber. The ever-increasing world population requires increasing use of nitrogen in agriculture to supply human needs for dietary protein. Worldwide demand for nitrogen will increase as a direct response to increasing population. Nitrogen in the Environment provides a wholistic perspective and comprehensive treatment of nitrogen. The scope of this book is diverse covering a range of topics and issues related to furthering our understanding of nitrogen in the environment at farm and national levels. Issues of nitrogen from its effects on crops and human nutrition to nitrogen in ground water, watersheds, streams, rivers, and coastal marine environments are discussed to provide a broad view of the problem and support scientists, researchers, and engineers in formulating comprehensive solutions. * The only source which presents an international, wholistic perspective of the effects of nitrogen in the environment with worldwide mitigation practices * Provides details on how to improve the quality of the environment by analyzing the development of emerging technologies * Develops strategies to be used by soil scientists, agronomists, hydrologists, and geophysicists for broad scale improvement of nitrogen efficiency

Nitrogen in the Environment

Nitrogen in the Environment
Author: J.L. Hatfield,R.F. Follett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2008-08-28
ISBN 10: 9780080569895
ISBN 13: 0080569897
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen in the Environment Book Review:

Nitrogen is one of the most critical elements for all life forms. In agricultural systems it is essential for the production of crops for feed, food, and fiber. The ever-increasing world population requires increasing use of nitrogen in agriculture to supply human needs for dietary protein. Worldwide demand for nitrogen will increase as a direct response to increasing population. Nitrogen in the Environment provides a wholistic perspective and comprehensive treatment of nitrogen. The scope of this book is diverse covering a range of topics and issues related to furthering our understanding of nitrogen in the environment at farm and national levels. Issues of nitrogen from its effects on crops and human nutrition to nitrogen in ground water, watersheds, streams, rivers, and coastal marine environments are discussed to provide a broad view of the problem and support scientists, researchers, and engineers in formulating comprehensive solutions. * The only source which presents an international, wholistic perspective of the effects of nitrogen in the environment with worldwide mitigation practices * Provides details on how to improve the quality of the environment by analyzing the development of emerging technologies * Develops strategies to be used by soil scientists, agronomists, hydrologists, and geophysicists for broad scale improvement of nitrogen efficiency

Nitrogen Overload

Nitrogen Overload
Author: Brian G. Katz
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2020-06-16
ISBN 10: 1119513960
ISBN 13: 9781119513964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen Overload Book Review:

An integrated approach to understanding and mitigating the problem of excess nitrogen Human activities generate large amounts of excess nitrogen, which has dramatically altered the nitrogen cycle. Reactive forms of nitrogen, especially nitrate and ammonia, are particularly detrimental. Given the magnitude of the problem, there is an urgent need for information on reactive nitrogen and its effective management. Nitrogen Overload: Environmental Degradation, Ramifications, and Economic Costs presents an integrated, multidisciplinary review of alterations to the nitrogen cycle over the past century and the wide-ranging consequences of nitrogen-based pollution, especially to aquatic ecosystems and human health.

Nitrogen Fertilization in the Environment

Nitrogen Fertilization in the Environment
Author: Peter Bacon
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 1995-01-23
ISBN 10: 9780824789947
ISBN 13: 0824789946
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen Fertilization in the Environment Book Review:

This study examines the interactions between nitrogen and the ecosystem and discusses nitrogen fertilization practices around the world. Simulation models that play an important role in determining the dynamics of source-sink relationships are presented, helping to pinpoint inefficiencies and develop strategies to synchronize nitrogen supply and demand.

Nitrogen in the Marine Environment

Nitrogen in the Marine Environment
Author: Douglas G. Capone,Deborah A. Bronk,Margaret R. Mulholland,Edward J. Carpenter
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1757
Release: 2008-09-01
ISBN 10: 0123725224
ISBN 13: 9780123725226
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen in the Marine Environment Book Review:

Since the first edition of Nitrogen in the Marine Environment was published in 1983, it has been recognized as the standard in the field. In the time since the book first appeared, there has been tremendous growth in the field with unprecedented discoveries over the past decade that have fundamentally changed the view of the marine nitrogen cycle. As a result, this Second Edition contains twice the amount of information that the first edition contained. This updated edition is now available online, offering searchability and instant, multi-user access to this important information. *The classic text, fully updated to reflect the rapid pace of discovery *Provides researchers and students in oceanography, chemistry, and marine ecology an understanding of the marine nitrogen cycle *Available online with easy access and search - the information you need, when you need it

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2018-11-20
ISBN 10: 9264307435
ISBN 13: 9789264307438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty Book Review:

This publication examines the risks associated with the release of excessive nitrogen into the environment (climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, air pollution, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, deterioration of soil quality).

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment
Author: R. Nieder,D.K. Benbi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2008-05-30
ISBN 10: 1402084331
ISBN 13: 9781402084331
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment Book Review:

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary description of C and N fluxes between the atmosphere and the terrestrial biosphere; issues related to C and N management in different ecosystems and their implications for the environment and global climate change; and the approaches to mitigate emission of greenhouse gases. Drawing upon the most up-to-date books, journals, bulletins, reports, symposia proceedings and internet sources documenting interrelationships between different aspects of C and N cycling in the terrestrial environment, Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment fills the gap left by most of the currently available books on C and N cycling. They either deal with a single element of an ecosystem, or are related to one or a few selected aspects like soil organic matter (SOM) and agricultural or forest management, emission of greenhouse gases, global climate change or modeling of SOM dynamics.

Nitrogen in the Environment Sources Problems and Management

Nitrogen in the Environment  Sources  Problems and Management
Author: R.F. Follett,J.L. Hatfield
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2001-12-17
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015054414415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen in the Environment Sources Problems and Management Book Review:

The nitrogen cycle, historical perspective, and current and potential future concerns / D.R. Keeney and J.L. Hatfield -- Nitrogen transformation and transport processes / Ronald F. Follett -- Importance and effect of nitrogen on crop quality and health / Jürg M. Blumenthal, David D. Baltensperger, Kenneth G. Cassman, Stephen C. Mason and Alexander D. Pavlista -- Utilization and metabolism of nitrogen by humans / Jennifer R. Follett and Ronald F. Follett -- Nitrate losses to surface water through subsurface, tile drainage / G.W. Randall and M.J. Goss -- Nitrogen in groundwater associated with agricultural systems / Michael R. Burkart and Jeffrey D. Stoner -- The importance and role of watersheds in the transport of nitrogen / T.J. Sauer, R.B. Alexander, J.V. Brahana and R.A. Smith -- Nitrogen transport and fate in European streams, rivers, lakes and wetlands / B. Kronvang, J.P. Jensen, C.C. Hoffmann and P. Boers -- Nitrogen effects on coastal marine ecosystems / John R. Kelly -- Gaseous ...

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment
Author: YP Abrol,TK Adhya,Viney P. Aneja,N. Raghuram,Himanshu Pathak,Umesh Kulshrestha,Chhemendra Sharma,Bijay Singh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2017-08-14
ISBN 10: 0128119047
ISBN 13: 9780128119044
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment Book Review:

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment: Sources of Reactive Nitrogen, Environmental and Climate Effects, and Management Options and Policies provides a reference for anyone interested in Reactive N, from researchers and students, to environmental managers. Although the main processes that affect the N cycle are well known, this book is focused on the causes and effects of disruption in the N cycle, specifically in India. The book helps readers gain a precise understanding of the scale of nitrogen use, misuse, and release through various agricultural, industrial, vehicular, and other activities, also including discussions on its contribution to the pollution of water and air. Drawing upon the collective work of the Indian Nitrogen Group, this reference book helps solve the challenges associated with providing reliable estimates of nitrogen transfers within different ecosystems, also presenting the next steps that should be taken in the development of balanced, cost-effective, and feasible strategies to reduce the amount of reactive nitrogen. Identifies all significant sources of reactive nitrogen flows and their contribution to the nitrogen-cycle on a national, regional, and global level Covers nitrogen management across sectors, including the environment, food security, energy, and health Provides a single reference on reactive nitrogen in India to help in a number of activities, including the evaluation, analysis, synthesis, documentation, and communications on reactive nitrogen

Agricultural Nitrogen Use and Its Environmental Implications

Agricultural Nitrogen Use and Its Environmental Implications
Author: Y. P. Abrol,Nandula Raghuram
Publsiher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN 10: 8189866338
ISBN 13: 9788189866334
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agricultural Nitrogen Use and Its Environmental Implications Book Review:

Nitrogen fertilizers are the inescapable necessity to enhance agricultural production and to sustain food security. However, their inefficient use accrues from inherent limitations of the crop plants as well as the manner in which N fertilizers are formulated, applied and managed. Excessive accumulation of N in the environment leads to soil acidification, pollution of groundwater and eutrophication of surface water, posing a public health problem as well as ecosystem imbalance. Moreover, the ozone layer depletion and greenhouse effects of NOx gases have global implications. Agricultural Nitrogen Use: Environmental Implications provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary description of problems related to the efficient use of nitrogen in agriculture, in the overall context of the nitrogen cycle, its environmental and human health implications, as well as various approaches to improve N use efficiency. The book is presented in six sections: N Use, Flows and Cycling in Agricultural Systems; N Use Efficiency in Crop Ecosystems; Management Options and Strategies for Enhancing N Use Efficiency; Plant Physiological and Molecular Aspects of Enhancing N Use Efficiency; Role of Legumes and Biofertilizers in Agricultural N Economy; and Environmental and Human Health Implications.

Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle

Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle
Author: Arvin Mosier,J. Keith Syers,John R. Freney
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2013-04-10
ISBN 10: 1597267430
ISBN 13: 9781597267434
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle Book Review:

Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and development and a key agricultural input-but in excess it can lead to a host of problems for human and ecological health. Across the globe, distribution of fertilizer nitrogen is very uneven, with some areas subject to nitrogen pollution and others suffering from reduced soil fertility, diminished crop production, and other consequences of inadequate supply. Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle provides a global assessment of the role of nitrogen fertilizer in the nitrogen cycle. The focus of the book is regional, emphasizing the need to maintain food and fiber production while minimizing environmental impacts where fertilizer is abundant, and the need to enhance fertilizer utilization in systems where nitrogen is limited. The book is derived from a workshop held by the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) in Kampala, Uganda, that brought together the world's leading scientists to examine and discuss the nitrogen cycle and related problems. It contains an overview chapter that summarizes the group's findings, four chapters on cross-cutting issues, and thirteen background chapters. The book offers a unique synthesis and provides an up-to-date, broad perspective on the issues of nitrogen fertilizer in food production and the interaction of nitrogen and the environment.

Legume Nitrogen Fixation in a Changing Environment

Legume Nitrogen Fixation in a Changing Environment
Author: Saad Sulieman,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 133
Release: 2015-04-24
ISBN 10: 3319062123
ISBN 13: 9783319062129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Legume Nitrogen Fixation in a Changing Environment Book Review:

The world population will grow more rapidly during the few coming years. This must be accompanied by a parallel increase in the agricultural production to secure adequate food. Sustainability considerations mandate that alternatives to chemical nitrogen fertilizers must be urgently sought. Biological nitrogen (N2) fixation, a microbiological process which converts atmospheric N2 into a plant-usable form, offers this alternative. Among these renewable sources, N2-fixing legumes offer an economically attractive and ecologically sound means of reducing external inputs and improving internal resources. Environmental factors such as drought, elevated temperature, salinity, soil acidity and rising CO2 are known to dramatically affect the symbiotic process and thus play a part in determining the actual amount of nitrogen fixed by a given legume in the field. Understanding how nodule N2 fixation responds to the environment is crucial for improving legume production and maintaining sustainability in the context of global change. In this thoughtful and provocative new Brief, we provide critical information on how current and projected future changes in the environment will affect legume growth and their symbiotic N2 fixing capabilities. Each section reviews the main drivers of environmental change on the legume performance that include drought, elevated temperature, salinity and rising CO2, and soil acidity. Importantly we discuss the molecular approaches to the analysis of the stress response in legumes and the possible biotechnological strategies to overcome their detrimental effects.

Nitrogen and Climate Change

Nitrogen and Climate Change
Author: D. Reay
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2015-06-23
ISBN 10: 1137286962
ISBN 13: 9781137286963
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen and Climate Change Book Review:

The world is changing. Human population is surging towards 10 billion, food, water, climate and energy security are all at risk. Nitrogen could be our life raft in this global 'perfect storm'. Get it right and it can help to feed billions, fuel our cars and put a dent in global warming. Get it wrong and it will make things a whole lot worse.

The European Nitrogen Assessment

The European Nitrogen Assessment
Author: Mark A. Sutton,Clare M. Howard,Jan Willem Erisman,Gilles Billen,Albert Bleeker,Peringe Grennfelt,Hans van Grinsven,Bruna Grizzetti
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2011-04-14
ISBN 10: 1139501372
ISBN 13: 9781139501378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The European Nitrogen Assessment Book Review:

Presenting the first continental-scale assessment of reactive nitrogen in the environment, this book sets the related environmental problems in context by providing a multidisciplinary introduction to the nitrogen cycle processes. Issues of upscaling from farm plot and city to national and continental scales are addressed in detail with emphasis on opportunities for better management at local to global levels. The five key societal threats posed by reactive nitrogen are assessed, providing a framework for joined-up management of the nitrogen cycle in Europe, including the first cost-benefit analysis for different reactive nitrogen forms and future scenarios. Incorporating comprehensive maps, a handy technical synopsis and a summary for policy makers, this landmark volume is an essential reference for academic researchers across a wide range of disciplines, as well as stakeholders and policy makers. It is also a valuable tool in communicating the key environmental issues and future challenges to the wider public.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C105261333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment

Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment
Author: Elizabeth Braun,United Nations Environment Programme. Division of Technology, Industry, and Economics,Woods Hole Research Center (Woods Hole, Mass.)
Publsiher: UNEP/Earthprint
Total Pages: 51
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9789280727838
ISBN 13: 9280727834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment Book Review:

This non-technical report summarises the present scientific understanding of the major issues surrounding reactive nitrogen, and discusses the overarching environmental, human health and economic issues created by both excesses and deficiencies. The report provides case studies of effective policy implementation and reviews emerging policies to show how negative impacts associated with reactive nitrogen may be successfully addressed locally, nationally and regionally, given similar challenges, shared experiences and effective solutions.

Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture Forestry Ecology and the Environment

Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture  Forestry  Ecology  and the Environment
Author: Dietrich Werner,William E. Newton
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2006-01-20
ISBN 10: 1402035446
ISBN 13: 9781402035449
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture Forestry Ecology and the Environment Book Review:

Sustainability has a major part to play in the global challenge of continued development of regions, countries, and continents all around the World and biological nitrogen fixation has a key role in this process. This volume begins with chapters specifically addressing crops of major global importance, such as soybeans, rice, and sugar cane. It continues with a second important focus, agroforestry, and describes the use and promise of both legume trees with their rhizobial symbionts and other nitrogen-fixing trees with their actinorhizal colonization. An over-arching theme of all chapters is the interaction of the plants and trees with microbes and this theme allows other aspects of soil microbiology, such as interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the impact of soil-stress factors on biological nitrogen fixation, to be addressed. Furthermore, a link to basic science occurs through the inclusion of chapters describing the biogeochemically important nitrogen cycle and its key relationships among nitrogen fixation, nitrification, and denitrification. The volume then provides an up-to-date view of the production of microbial inocula, especially those for legume crops.

Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment

Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment
Author: Cedric Meunier
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2013-01-01
ISBN 10: 9781626187504
ISBN 13: 1626187509
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment Book Review:

Excess reactive nitrogen (Nr) compounds in the environment are associated with many large-scale environmental concerns, including eutrophication of surface waters, toxic algae blooms, hypoxia, acid rain, nitrogen saturation in forests, and global warming. In addition, reactive nitrogen is associated with harmful human health effects caused by air pollution and drinking water contamination. Reactive nitrogen includes all biologically active, chemically reactive, and radiative active nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere and biosphere of the earth, in contrast to non-reactive gaseous N2. The EPA and other federal and state agencies have implemented programs to reduce the risks posed by excessive nitrogen, but a more comprehensive and integrated approach is needed to manage the use of nitrogen in a way to achieve its benefits, such as fertiliser for food production, and mitigate its damages as it is introduced to and cycles repeatedly through the environment in different forms and media. This book examines the flows, effects and management options of reactive nitrogen in the environment.

Soil and Fertilizers

Soil and Fertilizers
Author: Rattan Lal
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2020-05-06
ISBN 10: 0429895550
ISBN 13: 9780429895555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil and Fertilizers Book Review:

Soil and Fertilizers: Managing the Environmental Footprint presents strategies to improve soil health by reducing the rate of fertilizer input while maintaining high agronomic yields. It is estimated that fertilizer use supported nearly half of global births in 2008. In a context of potential food insecurity exacerbated by population growth and climate change, the importance of fertilizers in sustaining the agronomic production is clear. However, excessive use of chemical fertilizers poses serious risks both to the environment and to human health. Highlighting a tenfold increase in global fertilizer consumption between 2002 and 2016, the book explains the effects on the quality of soil, water, air and biota from overuse of chemical fertilizers. Written by an interdisciplinary author team, this book presents methods for enhancing the efficiency of fertilizer use and outlines agricultural practices that can reduce the environmental footprint. Features: Includes a thorough literature review on the agronomic and environmental impact of fertilizer, from degradation of ecosystems to the eutrophication of drinking water Devotes specific chapters to enhancing the use efficiency and effectiveness of the fertilizers through improved formulations, time and mode of application, and the use of precision farming technology Reveals geographic variation in fertilizer consumption volume by presenting case studies for specific countries and regions, including India and Africa Discusses the pros and cons of organic vs. chemical fertilizers, innovative technologies including nuclear energy, and the U.N.’s Sustainable Development Goals Part of the Advances in Soil Sciences series, this solutions-focused volume will appeal to soil scientists, environmental scientists and agricultural engineers.