Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter
Author: Andrew Boothroyd
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-07
ISBN 10: 0198862318
ISBN 13: 9780198862314
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter Book Review:

Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful technique available for looking inside materials and seeing what the atoms are doing. This textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the many different ways neutrons are being used to investigate the behaviour of atoms and molecules in bulk matter. It is written in a pedagogical style, and includes many examples and exercises. Every year, thousands of experiments are performed at neutron scattering facilities around the world, exploring phenomena in physics, chemistry, materials science, as well as in interdisciplinary areas such as biology, materials engineering, and cultural heritage. This book fulfils a need for a modern and pedagogical treatment of the principles behind the various different neutron techniques, in order to provide scientists with the essential formal tools to design their experiments and interpret the results. The book will be of particular interest to researchers using neutrons to study the atomic-scale structure and dynamics in crystalline solids, simple liquids and molecular fluids by diffraction techniques, including small-angle scattering and reflectometry, and by spectroscopic methods, ranging from conventional techniques for inelastic and quasielastic scattering to neutron spin-echo and Compton scattering. A comprehensive treatment of magnetic neutron scattering is given, including the many and diverse applications of polarized neutrons.

Structure Analysis by Small Angle X Ray and Neutron Scattering

Structure Analysis by Small Angle X Ray and Neutron Scattering
Author: L.A. Feigin,D.I. Svergun
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1475766246
ISBN 13: 9781475766240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure Analysis by Small Angle X Ray and Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Small-angle scattering of X rays and neutrons is a widely used diffraction method for studying the structure of matter. This method of elastic scattering is used in various branches of science and technology, includ ing condensed matter physics, molecular biology and biophysics, polymer science, and metallurgy. Many small-angle scattering studies are of value for pure science and practical applications. It is well known that the most general and informative method for investigating the spatial structure of matter is based on wave-diffraction phenomena. In diffraction experiments a primary beam of radiation influences a studied object, and the scattering pattern is analyzed. In principle, this analysis allows one to obtain information on the structure of a substance with a spatial resolution determined by the wavelength of the radiation. Diffraction methods are used for studying matter on all scales, from elementary particles to macro-objects. The use of X rays, neutrons, and electron beams, with wavelengths of about 1 A, permits the study of the condensed state of matter, solids and liquids, down to atomic resolution. Determination of the atomic structure of crystals, i.e., the arrangement of atoms in a unit cell, is an important example of this line of investigation.

Dynamics of Solids and Liquids by Neutron Scattering

Dynamics of Solids and Liquids by Neutron Scattering
Author: S. W. Lovesey,T. Springer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642811132
ISBN 13: 9783642811135
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics of Solids and Liquids by Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Inelastic neutron scattering is a well established and important technique for studying the dynamical properties of condensed matter at the atomic level. Often, as is the case of experiments designed to study motions of hydrogen atoms, or magnetic excitations, it may yield information obtainable in no other way. Our aim in assembling this book is to produce an overview of some research topics which have come to the fore recently with the development of high neutron fluxes and high performance inelastic scattering spectrometers. The topics dis cussed here are, by and large, developing rapidly and have not reached the stage at which definitive accounts are always possible. Authors have not therefore attempted to make an extensive review of their topic, and the papers quoted in the text are, in general, those which are seen as having been important in its develop ment (they date, roughly, from the 1971 IAEA conference on neutron scattering held in Grenoble). Basic phenomena are illustrated for the most part by the discussion of one, or two, typical examples. The authors hope that the book will be useful to researchers who are not yet fully aware of the diverse range of problems to which the technique can be applied, and to students beginning research work. For this reason, the first chapter by S. w.

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering
Author: G. L. Squires
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2012-03-29
ISBN 10: 1107644062
ISBN 13: 9781107644069
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering Book Review:

A long-awaited reprint of the book that has established itself as the classic textbook on neutron scattering. It will be an invaluable introductory text for students taking courses on neutron scattering, as well as for researchers and those who would like to deepen their knowledge on the subject through self-study.

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-22
ISBN 10: 0123983851
ISBN 13: 9780123983855
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering Book Review:

This work covers in some detail the application of neutron scattering to different fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences and engineering. Its goal is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify aspects of their work in which neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. The authors of the various chapters take account of the advances in experimental techniques over the past 25 years--for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials and biological systems. Furthermore, with the third-generation spallation sources recently constructed in the United States and Japan and in the advanced planning stage in Europe, there is an increasing interest in time-of-flight techniques and short wavelengths. Correspondingly, the improved performance of cold moderators at both reactors and spallation sources has extended the long-wavelength capabilities. Chapter authors are pre-eminent in their field Seminal experiments are presented as examples Provides guidance on how to plan, execute and analyse experiments

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials
Author: Tapan Chatterji
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 572
Release: 2005-11-29
ISBN 10: 9780080457055
ISBN 13: 0080457053
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials Book Review:

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials is a comprehensive account of the present state of the art in the use of the neutron scattering for the study of magnetic materials. The chapters have been written by well-known researchers who are at the forefront of this field and have contributed directly to the development of the techniques described. Neutron scattering probes magnetic phenomena directly. The generalized magnetic susceptibility, which can be expressed as a function of wave vector and energy, contains all the information there is to know about the statics and dynamics of a magnetic system and this quantity is directly related to the neutron scattering cross section. Polarized neutron scattering techniques raise the sophistication of measurements to even greater levels and gives additional information in many cases. The present book is largely devoted to the application of polarized neutron scattering to the study of magnetic materials. It will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers who plan to investigate magnetic materials using neutron scattering. · Written by a group of scientist who have contributed directly in developing the techniques described. · A complete treatment of the polarized neutron scattering not available in literature. · Gives practical hits to solve magnetic structure and determine exchange interactions in magnetic solids. · Application of neutron scattering to the study of the novel electronic materials.

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 486
Release: 1987-08-04
ISBN 10: 9780080860107
ISBN 13: 0080860109
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Neutron Scattering

Polymers and Neutron Scattering

Polymers and Neutron Scattering
Author: Julia S. Higgins,Henri C. Benoit,Henri Benoît
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 436
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 9780198500636
ISBN 13: 0198500637
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers and Neutron Scattering Book Review:

The application of neutron scattering to polymers has been extremely successful during the last two decades. This book presents, for the first time, both the theories and experimental examples which are needed to understand how these techniques can be applied. Now available in paperback forthe first time this book is specifically written to introduce the newcomer and non-expert to the experimental techniques and the basic theory necessary to understand the results.

Elements of Slow Neutron Scattering

Elements of Slow Neutron Scattering
Author: J. M. Carpenter,C.-K. Loong
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2015-09-30
ISBN 10: 0521857813
ISBN 13: 9780521857819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Elements of Slow Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Providing a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the theory and applications of slow-neutron scattering, this detailed book equips readers with the fundamental principles of neutron studies, including the background and evolving development of neutron sources, facility design, neutron scattering instrumentation and techniques, and applications in materials phenomena. Drawing on the authors' extensive experience in this field, this text explores the implications of slow-neutron research in greater depth and breadth than ever before in an accessible yet rigorous manner suitable for both students and researchers in the fields of physics, biology, and materials engineering. Through pedagogical examples and in-depth discussion, readers will be able to grasp the full scope of the field of neutron scattering, from theoretical background through to practical, scientific applications.

Neutron Scattering with a Triple Axis Spectrometer

Neutron Scattering with a Triple Axis Spectrometer
Author: Gen Shirane,Stephen M. Shapiro,John M. Tranquada
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002-02-21
ISBN 10: 9781139431019
ISBN 13: 1139431013
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering with a Triple Axis Spectrometer Book Review:

Neutron scattering is an extremely powerful tool in the study of elemental excitations in condensed matter. This book provides a practical guide to basic techniques using a triple-axis spectrometer. Introductory chapters summarize useful scattering formulas and describe the components of a spectrometer, followed by a comprehensive discussion of the resolution function and focusing effects. Later sections include simple examples of phonon and magnon measurements, and an analysis of spurious effects in both inelastic and elastic measurements, and how to avoid them. Finally, polarization analysis techniques and their applications are covered. This guide will allow graduate students and experienced researchers new to neutron scattering to make the most efficient use of their experimental time.

Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter Physics

Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter Physics
Author: Albert Furrer,Joël Mesot,Thierry Strässle
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2009-05-22
ISBN 10: 9813102500
ISBN 13: 9789813102507
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter Physics Book Review:

Neutron scattering has become a key technique for investigating the properties of materials on an atomic scale. The uniqueness of this method is based on the fact that the wavelength and energy of thermal neutrons ideally match interatomic distances and excitation energies in condensed matter, and thus neutron scattering is able to directly examine the static and dynamic properties of the material. In addition, neutrons carry a magnetic moment, which makes them a unique probe for detecting magnetic phenomena. In this important book, an introduction to the basic principles and instrumental aspects of neutron scattering is provided, and the most important phenomena and materials properties in condensed matter physics are described and exemplified by typical neutron scattering experiments, with emphasis on explaining how the relevant information can be extracted from the measurements.

Neutron Scattering and Other Nuclear Techniques for Hydrogen in Materials

Neutron Scattering and Other Nuclear Techniques for Hydrogen in Materials
Author: Helmut Fritzsche,Jacques Huot,Daniel Fruchart
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 413
Release: 2016-04-22
ISBN 10: 3319227920
ISBN 13: 9783319227924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering and Other Nuclear Techniques for Hydrogen in Materials Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the main nuclear characterization techniques used to study hydrogen absorption and desorption in materials. The various techniques (neutron scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, ion-beams, positron annihilation spectroscopy) are explained in detail, and a variety of examples of recent research projects are given to show the unique advantage of these techniques to study hydrogen in materials. Most of these nuclear techniques require very specialized instrumentation, and there are only a handful of these instruments available worldwide. Therefore, the aim of this book is to reach out to a readership with a very diverse background in the physical sciences and engineering and a broad range of hydrogen-related research interests. The same technique can be used by researchers interested in the improvement of the performance of hydrogen storage materials and by those focused on hydrogen ingress causing embrittlement of metals. The emphasis of this book is to provide tutorial material on how to use nuclear characterization techniques for the investigation of hydrogen in materials – information that cannot readily be found in conference and regular research papers. Provides a comprehensive overview of nuclear techniques used for hydrogen-related research Explains all nuclear techniques in detail for the non-expert Covers the whole range of hydrogen-related research Features chapters written by world-renowned experts in nuclear technique and hydrogen-related research

Dynamics of Biological Macromolecules by Neutron Scattering

Dynamics of Biological Macromolecules by Neutron Scattering
Author: Salvatore Magazù,Federica Migliardo
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 111
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1608052192
ISBN 13: 9781608052196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics of Biological Macromolecules by Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Dynamics of Biological Macromolecules by Neutron Scattering provides insight into the study of the dynamics of biological macromolecules by neutron scattering techniques. The applicability of neutron scattering to expanding fields of biological studies is

Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering

Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering
Author: Stefan Klotz
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2012-12-04
ISBN 10: 1439835632
ISBN 13: 9781439835630
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Drawing on the author’s practical work from the last 20 years, Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering is one of the first books to gather recent methods that allow neutron scattering well beyond 10 GPa. The author shows how neutron scattering has to be adapted to the pressure range and type of measurement. Suitable for both newcomers and experienced high pressure scientists and engineers, the book describes various solutions spanning two to three orders of magnitude in pressure that have emerged in the past three decades. Many engineering concepts are illustrated through examples of real high pressure devices that have demonstrated their capacity and have produced scientific results. After introducing basic engineering concepts related to the elastic and plastic behavior of cylindrical pressure devices, the text emphasizes mechanical and neutronic properties of construction materials. Subsequent chapters describe numerous high pressure techniques, including liquid/gas, clamp, and McWhan cells. The book also focuses on Paris-Edinburgh devices, high pressure metrology, and scientific applications.

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering
Author: G. Kostorz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483218244
ISBN 13: 9781483218243
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering Book Review:

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 15: Neutron Scattering shows how neutron scattering methods can be used to obtain important information on materials. The book discusses the general principles of neutron scattering; the techniques used in neutron crystallography; and the applications of nuclear and magnetic scattering. The text also describes the measurement of phonons, their role in phase transformations, and their behavior in the presence of crystal defects; and quasi-elastic scattering, with its special merits in the study of microscopic dynamical phenomena in solids and liquids. Special materials problems in neutron devices are also considered. Materials scientists, solid state physicists, physical chemists, and metallurgists will find the book invaluable.

Diffuse Neutron Scattering from Crystalline Materials

Diffuse Neutron Scattering from Crystalline Materials
Author: Victoria M. Nield,David A. Keen
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9780198517900
ISBN 13: 0198517904
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diffuse Neutron Scattering from Crystalline Materials Book Review:

This book is an accessible introduction for newcomers to the field and a valuable reference text for the experienced crystallographer. It is the first comprehensive account of diffuse neutron scattering, a unique tool for determining structural disorder in solids. The discussion of theory, experiment and computational techniques is illustrated by many examples and figures.

Applications of Neutron Scattering to Soft Condensed Matter

Applications of Neutron Scattering to Soft Condensed Matter
Author: Barbara J Gabrys
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2000-12-21
ISBN 10: 9789056993009
ISBN 13: 9056993003
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Neutron Scattering to Soft Condensed Matter Book Review:

Neutrons, which are a penetrating yet non destructive probe, are ideally suited to studying the structure, organisation and motion of molecules responsible for the physical properties of materials under a variety of conditions. Applications are in fields as diverse as colloid and polymer science, earth sciences, pharmaceutics, biology and engineering. This book will be of interest to both present and potential future users of neutron sources working in these areas, as both a useful reference and a comprehensive overview.

Spectroscopic Probes of Quantum Matter

Spectroscopic Probes of Quantum Matter
Author: Christophe Berthod
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2018-11-29
ISBN 10: 9780750317757
ISBN 13: 0750317752
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectroscopic Probes of Quantum Matter Book Review:

Theory of X Ray and Thermal Neutron Scattering by Real Crystals

Theory of X Ray and Thermal Neutron Scattering by Real Crystals
Author: M. A. Krivoglaz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2013-12-06
ISBN 10: 9781489955845
ISBN 13: 1489955844
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory of X Ray and Thermal Neutron Scattering by Real Crystals Book Review:

Thermal Neutron Scattering

Thermal Neutron Scattering
Author: Peter A. Egelstaff
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 523
Release: 1965
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015004460849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Neutron Scattering Book Review: