Neutron and X ray Optics

Neutron and X ray Optics
Author: Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr.
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 1124
Release: 2013-02-18
ISBN 10: 0124071597
ISBN 13: 9780124071599
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron and X ray Optics Book Review:

Covering a wide range of topics related to neutron and x-ray optics, this book explores the aspects of neutron and x-ray optics and their associated background and applications in a manner accessible to both lower-level students while retaining the detail necessary to advanced students and researchers. It is a self-contained book with detailed mathematical derivations, background, and physical concepts presented in a linear fashion. A wide variety of sources were consulted and condensed to provide detailed derivations and coverage of the topics of neutron and x-ray optics as well as the background material needed to understand the physical and mathematical reasoning directly related or indirectly related to the theory and practice of neutron and x-ray optics. The book is written in a clear and detailed manner, making it easy to follow for a range of readers from undergraduate and graduate science, engineering, and medicine. It will prove beneficial as a standalone reference or as a complement to textbooks. Supplies a historical context of covered topics. Detailed presentation makes information easy to understand for researchers within or outside the field. Incorporates reviews of all relevant literature in one convenient resource.

Modern Developments in X Ray and Neutron Optics

Modern Developments in X Ray and Neutron Optics
Author: Alexei Erko,Mourad Idir,Thomas Krist,Alan G. Michette
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2008-04-14
ISBN 10: 3540745602
ISBN 13: 9783540745600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Developments in X Ray and Neutron Optics Book Review:

This volume describes modern developments in reflective, refractive and diffractive optics for short wavelength radiation. It also covers recent theoretical approaches to modelling and ray-tracing the x-ray and neutron optical systems. It is based on the joint research activities of specialists in x-ray and neutron optics, working together under the framework of the European Programme for Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST, Action P7) in the period 2002-2006.

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN 10: 0123978149
ISBN 13: 9780123978141
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Book Review:

This special volume of Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics details the current theory, experiments, and applications of neutron and x-ray optics and microscopy for an international readership across varying backgrounds and disciplines. Edited by Dr. Ted Cremer, these volumes attempt to provide rapid assimilation of the presented topics that include neutron and x-ray scatter, refraction, diffraction, and reflection and their potential application. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Author: Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr.
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0123944228
ISBN 13: 9780123944221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Book Review:

This special volume of Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics details the current theory, experiments, and applications of neutron and x-ray optics and microscopy for an international readership across varying backgrounds and disciplines. Edited by Dr. Ted Cremer, these volumes attempt to provide rapid assimilation of the presented topics that include neutron and x-ray scatter, refraction, diffraction, and reflection and their potential application. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2012-08-14
ISBN 10: 9780123969699
ISBN 13: 0123969697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Book Review:

This special volume of Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics details the current theory, experiments, and applications of neutron and x-ray optics and microscopy for an international readership across varying backgrounds and disciplines. Edited by Dr. Ted Cremer, these volumes attempt to provide rapid assimilation of the presented topics that include neutron and x-ray scatter, refraction, diffraction, and reflection and their potential application. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Neutron and X ray Microscopy

Neutron and X ray Microscopy
Author: Jay Theodore Cremer (Jr.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:808487602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron and X ray Microscopy Book Review:

This special volume of Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics details the current theory, experiments, and applications of neutron and x-ray optics and microscopy for an international readership across varying backgrounds and disciplines. Edited by Dr. Ted Cremer, these volumes attempt to provide rapid assimilation of the presented topics that include neutron and x-ray scatter, refraction, diffraction, and reflection and their potential application.* Contributions from leading international scholars and industry experts * Discusses hot topic areas and presents current and future research trends.

Soft X ray Optics

Soft X ray Optics
Author: Eberhard Spiller
Publsiher: SPIE Press
Total Pages: 278
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 9780819416544
ISBN 13: 0819416541
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soft X ray Optics Book Review:

This text describes optics mainly in the 10 to 500 angstrom wavelength region. These wavelengths are 50 to 100 times shorter than those for visible light and 50 to 100 times longer than the wavelengths of medical x rays or x-ray diffraction from natural crystals. There have been substantial advances during the last 20 years, which one can see as an extension of optical technology to shorter wavelengths or as an extension of x-ray diffraction to longer wavelengths. Artificial diffracting structures like zone plates and multilayer mirrors are replacing the natural crystals of x-ray diffraction. Some of these structures can now be fabricated to have diffraction-limited resolution. The new possibilities are described in a simple, tutorial way.

Neutron and X Ray Studies of Advanced Materials V

Neutron and X Ray Studies of Advanced Materials V
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1065641462
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron and X Ray Studies of Advanced Materials V Book Review:

In 2012 the diffraction community will celebrate 100 years since the prediction of X-ray diffraction by M. Laue, and following his suggestion the first beautiful diffraction experiment by W. Friedrich and P. Knipping. The significance of techniques based on the analysis of the diffraction of X-rays, neutrons, electrons and Mossbauer photons discovered later, has continued to increase in the past 100 years. The aim of this symposium is to provide a forum for discussion of using state-of-the-art neutron and X-ray scattering techniques for probing advanced materials. These techniques have been widely used to characterize materials structures across all length scales, from atomic to nano, meso, and macroscopic scales. With the development of sample environments, in-situ experiments, e.g., at temperatures and applied mechanical load, are becoming routine. The development of ultra-brilliant third-generation synchrotron X-ray sources, together with advances in X-ray optics, has created intense X-ray microbeams, which provide the best opportunities for in-depth understanding of mechanical behavior in a broad spectrum of materials. Important applications include ultra-sensitive elemental detection by X-ray fluorescence/absorption and microdiffraction to identify phase and strain with submicrometer spatial resolution. X-ray microdiffraction is a particularly exciting application compared with alternative probes of crystalline structure, orientation and strain. X-ray microdiffraction is non-destructive with good strain resolution, competitive or superior spatial resolution in thick samples, and with the ability to probe below the sample surface. Advances in neutron sources and instrumentation also bring new opportunities in neutron scattering research. In addition to characterizing the structures, neutrons are also a great tool for elucidating the dynamics of materials. Because neutrons are highly penetrating, neutrons have been used to map stress in engineering systems. Neutrons have also played a vital role in our understanding of the magnetism and magnetic properties. Specialized instruments have been built to gain physical insights of the fundamental mechanisms governing phase transformation and mechanical behaviors of materials. The application of those techniques, in combination with theoretical simulations and numerical modeling, will lead to major breakthroughs in materials science in the foreseeable future that will contribute to the development of materials technology and industrial innovation.

X ray and Neutron Reflectivity

X ray and Neutron Reflectivity
Author: Jean Daillant,Alain Gibaud
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2008-11-21
ISBN 10: 3540885870
ISBN 13: 9783540885870
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X ray and Neutron Reflectivity Book Review:

ways in which the magnetic interaction between neutrons and magnetic moments can yield information on the magnetization densities of thin ?lms and multilayers. I commend the organizers for having organized a group of expert lecturers to present this subject in a detailed but clear fashion, as the importance of the subject deserves. Argonne, IL S. K. Sinha Contents 1 The Interaction of X-Rays (and Neutrons) with Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 F. de Bergevin 1. 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. 2 Generalities and De?nitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1. 3 From the Scattering by an Object to the Propagation in a Medium . 14 1. 4 X-Rays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 1. 5 X-Rays: Anisotropic Scattering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 1. A Appendix: the Born Approximation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 2 Statistical Aspects of Wave Scattering at Rough Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 A. Sentenac and J. Daillant 2. 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 2. 2 Description of Randomly Rough Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 2. 3 Description of a Surface Scattering Experiment, Coherence Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 2. 4 Statistical Formulation of the Diffraction Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2. 5 Statistical Formulation of the Scattered Intensity Under the Born Approximation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 3 Specular Re?ectivity from Smooth and Rough Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 A. Gibaud and G. Vignaud 3. 1 The Re?ected Intensity from an Ideally Flat Surface . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3. 2 X-Ray Re?ectivity in Strati?ed Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 3. 3 From Dynamical to Kinematical Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 3. 4 In?uence of the Roughness on the Matrix Coef?cients . . . . . . . . . . 111 3. A Appendix: The Treatment of Roughness in Specular Re?ectivity . . 113 3. B Appendix: Inversion of re?ectivity data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Characterization of Biological Membranes

Characterization of Biological Membranes
Author: Mu-Ping Nieh,Frederick A. Heberle,John Katsaras
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 647
Release: 2019-07-22
ISBN 10: 3110544687
ISBN 13: 9783110544688
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization of Biological Membranes Book Review:

The study of membranes has become of high importance in the fields of biology, pharmaceutical chemistry and medicine, since much of what happens in a cell or in a virus involves biological membranes. The current book is an excellent introduction to the area, which explains how modern analytical methods can be applied to study biological membranes and membrane proteins and the bioprocesses they are involved to.

X Ray and Neutron Dynamical Diffraction

X Ray and Neutron Dynamical Diffraction
Author: André Authier,Stefano Lagomarsino,Brian K. Tanner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 419
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461558794
ISBN 13: 9781461558798
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray and Neutron Dynamical Diffraction Book Review:

This volume collects the proceedings of the 23rd International Course of Crystallography, entitled "X-ray and Neutron Dynamical Diffraction, Theory and Applications," which took place in the fascinating setting of Erice in Sicily, Italy. It was run as a NATO Advanced Studies Institute with A. Authier (France) and S. Lagomarsino (Italy) as codirectors, and L. Riva di Sanseverino and P. Spadon (Italy) as local organizers, R. Colella (USA) and B. K. Tanner (UK) being the two other members of the organizing committee. It was attended by about one hundred participants from twenty four different countries. Two basic theories may be used to describe the diffraction of radiation by crystalline matter. The first one, the so-called geometrical, or kinematical theory, is approximate and is applicable to small, highly imperfect crystals. It is used for the determination of crystal structures and describes the diffraction of powders and polycrystalline materials. The other one, the so-called dynamical theory, is applicable to perfect or nearly perfect crystals. For that reason, dynamical diffraction of X-rays and neutrons constitutes the theoretical basis of a great variety of applications such as: • the techniques used for the characterization of nearly perfect high technology materials, semiconductors, piezoelectric, electrooptic, ferroelectric, magnetic crystals, • the X-ray optical devices used in all modem applications of Synchrotron Radiation (EXAFS, High Resolution X-ray Diffractometry, magnetic and nuclear resonant scattering, topography, etc. ), and • X-ray and neutron interferometry.

X Ray Optics

X Ray Optics
Author: Yuri Shvyd'ko
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 3540408908
ISBN 13: 9783540408901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray Optics Book Review:

The use of x rays has moved in the forefront of science and technology in the second half of the 20th century. This progress has been greatly stimulated by the advent of synchrotron x-ray sources in the 1960s. The undulator-based synchrotron radiation sources which have appeared in the last decade of the 20th century gave a new impetus to such development. The brilliance of the x-ray sources has increased by 12 orders of magnitude in 40 years and this trend does not show any signs of stagnation. The future x-ray sources of the 21th century based on free-electron lasers driven by linear accelerators will provide sub-picosecond radiation pulses with by many orders of magnitude higher brilliance and full transverse coherence. The x-ray sources of the newest generation offer a possibility to realize more than ever before the great potential of x-ray optics and, as a consequence, to elaborate new sophisticated instrumentation with unprecedented resolution and eventually to move in new directions of research in x-ray technology, materials science, fundamental physics, life sciences, etc.

Complementarity Between Neutron and Synchrotron X ray Scattering

Complementarity Between Neutron and Synchrotron X ray Scattering
Author: Albert Furrer
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Total Pages: 377
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9789810235581
ISBN 13: 9810235585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complementarity Between Neutron and Synchrotron X ray Scattering Book Review:

I. Theoretical principles of neutron and synchrotron X-ray scattering. Neutron- and synchrotron X-ray scattering (the theoretical principles) / W. E. Fischer -- II. Structure determination. Structure determination by powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction / A. N. Fitch -- Structure determination by powder neutron diffraction / E. Gray and E. Kisi -- Seminar on "structure" / K. Yvon -- III. Magnetism. Magnetic neutron and synchrotron X-ray scattering / W. G Stirling -- Magnetic excitations through the eye of the neutron / W. J. L. Buyers -- Topological excitations in low dimensional magnets / H. B. Braun -- Seminar on "magnetism" / G. H. Lander -- IV. Correlated electron systems. Elastic and inelastic X-ray scattering from correlated electrons: A theoretical perspective / M. Altarelli -- SANS measurements on vortices in superconductors. What can we learn? / V. B. Geshkenbein -- Seminar on "electronic structures" / J. Mesot -- V. Multilayers. From thin films to superlattices studied with X-rays and neutrons / D. E. McMorrow -- Seminar on "multilayers" / S. K. Sinha -- VI. Other topics in condensed matter research. From entropy driven motion to reptation - Large scale dynamics in polymer melts / D. Richter -- Small-angle and surface scattering from porous and fractal materials / S. K. Sinha -- Hot topics in condensed matter physics / H. R. Ott -- Seminar on "dynamics" / B. Dorner -- VII. Beam optics. Neutron beam optics / P. Boni -- Synchrotron X-ray beam optics / A. Freund -- VIII. Summary. Summary lecture: Some features of the scattering and absorption of beams of neutrons and beams of X-rays / S. W. Lovesey

X Ray and Neutron Diffraction in Nonideal Crystals

X Ray and Neutron Diffraction in Nonideal Crystals
Author: Mikhail A. Krivoglaz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642742912
ISBN 13: 9783642742910
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray and Neutron Diffraction in Nonideal Crystals Book Review:

Mikhail Alexandrovich Krivoglaz died unexpectedly when he was preparing the English edition of his two-volume monograph on diffraction and diffuse scatter ing of X-rays and neutrons in imperfect crystals. His death was a heavy blow to all who knew him, who had worked with him and to the world science community as a whole. The application of the diffraction techniques for the study of imperfections of crystal structures was the major field of Krivoglaz' work throughout his career in science. He started working in the field in the mid-fifties and since then made fundamental contributions to the theory of real crystals. His results have largely determined the current level of knowledge in this field for more than thirty years. Until the very last days of his life, Krivoglaz continued active studies in the physics of diffraction effects in real crystals. His interest in the theory aided in the explanation of the rapidly advancing experimental studies. The milestones marking important stages of his work were the first mono graph on the theory of X-ray and neutron scattering in real crystals which was published in Russian in 1967 (a revised English edition in 1969), and the two volume monograph published in Russian in 1983-84 (this edition is the revised translation of the latter).

Biophysics

Biophysics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 567
Release: 1982-11-16
ISBN 10: 9780080860053
ISBN 13: 0080860052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysics Book Review:

Biophysics

Hard X ray gamma ray and Neutron Optics Sensors and Applications

Hard X ray gamma ray and Neutron Optics  Sensors  and Applications
Author: Richard B. Hoover,F. Patrick Doty,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Publsiher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Total Pages: 322
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015038521475
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hard X ray gamma ray and Neutron Optics Sensors and Applications Book Review:

International Workshop on X Ray and Neutron Phase Imaging with Gratings

International Workshop on X Ray and Neutron Phase Imaging with Gratings
Author: Atsushi Momose,Wataru Yashiro
Publsiher: Amer Inst of Physics
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9780735410725
ISBN 13: 0735410720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Workshop on X Ray and Neutron Phase Imaging with Gratings Book Review:

Since the discovery of X-rays, transmission imaging has been used extensively for a variety of fields, taking advantage of the high penetrating power of X-rays. However, because it uses X-ray absorption to generate image contrast, X-ray transmission imaging has a drawback that its sensitivity is poor to weakly absorbing objects consisting mainly of light elements, such as polymers and biological soft tissues. Since the 1990s, X-ray phase imaging, which relies on the measurement of the X-ray phase shift (or X-ray refraction) caused by a sample, has attracted attention, because weakly absorbing objects could be imaged. Particularly in this decade, X-ray phase imaging based on grating optics has been studied actively thanks to its practical advantage that laboratory X- ray sources are usable, while other earlier techniques of X-ray phase imaging were developed and performed mainly in synchrotron radiation facilities. Therefore, grating-based X-ray phase imaging has attracted special attentions from the medical and industrial fields. Moreover, a similar technique is expanding to neutron phase imaging field for various other materials including metal. This proceedings volume contains 47 papers presented at the first workshop held in Tokyo to provide an opportunity for discussion and to promote new collaborations in this rapidly growing field.

Advances in Neutron Optics

Advances in Neutron Optics
Author: Maria L. Calvo,Ramon F. Alvarez-Estrada
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2019-11-11
ISBN 10: 1000727548
ISBN 13: 9781000727548
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Neutron Optics Book Review:

Neutron optics studies the interactions of a beam of slow neutrons with matter. This book updates various advances on neutron optics. There will be a focus on the very active topics of neutron imaging (NI) and neutron spin optics (NSO). The book will also present applications of neutron beams in biomedicine, such as Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) and related techniques. Features: Discusses diffraction and interference of slow neutrons, including computational approaches Reviews neutron imaging (NI) and neutron spin optics (NSO) Treats two major sources of slow neutron beams: (1) fission reactions at nuclear reactors and (2) collisions in particle accelerators (small ones, spallation sources) of charged particle beams with targets of heavy atoms Selects subjects on fundamental quantum aspects of slow neutrons and on confined propagation and waveguiding thereof Updates slow neutron beams and BNCT

X Ray and Neutron Reflectivity Principles and Applications

X Ray and Neutron Reflectivity  Principles and Applications
Author: Jean Daillant,Alain Gibaud
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2003-07-01
ISBN 10: 3540486968
ISBN 13: 9783540486961
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray and Neutron Reflectivity Principles and Applications Book Review:

The reflection of and neutrons from surfaces has existed as an x-rays exp- imental for almost it is in the last technique fifty Nevertheless, only years. decade that these methods have become as of enormously popular probes This the surfaces and interfaces. to be due to of several appears convergence of intense different circumstances. These include the more n- availability be measured orders tron and sources that can over (so reflectivity x-ray many of and the much weaker surface diffuse can now also be magnitude scattering of thin films and studied in some the detail); growing importance multil- basic the realization of the ers in both and technology research; important which in the of surfaces and and role roughness plays properties interfaces; the of statistical models to characterize the of finally development topology its and its characterization from on roughness, dependence growth processes The of and to surface scattering experiments. ability x-rays neutro4s study four five orders of in scale of surfaces over to magnitude length regardless their and also their to ability probe environment, temperature, pressure, etc. , makes these the choice for buried interfaces often probes preferred obtaining information about the microstructure of often in statistical a global surfaces, the local This is manner to complementary imaging microscopy techniques, of such studies in the literature witnessed the veritable by explosion published the last few Thus these lectures will useful for over a resource years.

Neutrons Nuclei and Matter

Neutrons  Nuclei and Matter
Author: James Byrne
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2013-10-17
ISBN 10: 0486320480
ISBN 13: 9780486320489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutrons Nuclei and Matter Book Review:

"A first-principles discussion of the fundamental neutron interactions . . . the writing is clear, and the explanations stress essential physical principles . . . an excellent survey."—Physics Today "A must for libraries of all universities and laboratories that are engaged in nuclear physics, particle physics, nuclear energy, astrophysics or condensed matter research . . . an outstanding multidisciplinary introduction to the physics and applications of cold neutrons."—Physics World "So many tables, facts and figures . . . the coverage is remarkable."—American Scientist This encyclopedic reference work covers nearly every conceivable aspect of neutron physics. Assembled by an expert in the field, it ranges from the neutron's role as a major element in tests of the standard model of astro-particle physics to its use in nuclear energy generation and the study of condensed matter systems. The multidisciplinary approach includes detailed treatment of strong, weak, and electromagnetic properties of the neutron as well as parallel developments in cosmology and astrophysics. Each subject is placed within its scientific context and receives considerable attention to historical detail.