Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Lindsay M. Oberman,Peter G. Enticott
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2018-11-27
ISBN 10: 0128127783
ISBN 13: 9780128127780
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Review:

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders provides a comprehensive overview of neurotechnological devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Many neuropsychiatric disorders are covered such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Depression, Tourette’s Syndrome, and OCD. Different device-based treatments are discussed such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Deep Brain Stimulation, Chronotherapy, and Neurofeedback. Provides an overview of neuromodulatory devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents Gives evidence-based recommendations for non-drug interventions that may be effective for treatment options Discusses different neuromodulatory treatment options, including TMS, tDCS, DBS, chronotherapy and neurofeedback

Pediatric Brain Stimulation

Pediatric Brain Stimulation
Author: Adam Kirton,Donald L. Gilbert
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2016-07-08
ISBN 10: 0128020385
ISBN 13: 9780128020388
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Brain Stimulation Book Review:

Pediatric Brain Stimulation: Mapping and Modulating the Developing Brain presents the latest on this rapidly expanding field that has seen an exponential growth in publications over the past 10 years. Non-invasive modalities like TMS can painlessly map and measure complex neurophysiology in real patients. Neuromodulatory applications like rTMS and tDCS carry increasingly proven therapeutic applications. Rapidly advancing technological methodologies are increasing opportunities and indications. Despite all these benefits, applications in the more plastic developing brains of children are only just emerging. This book provides a comprehensive overview of brain stimulation in children. Chapters include Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) fundamentals, brain stimulation in pediatric neurological conditions, and invasive brain stimulation. The main audience for this research will be those interested in applying brain stimulation technologies to advance clinical research and patient care, although a wide variety of clinicians and scientist will find this to be a valuable reference on brain stimulation with specific chapters on a variety of conditions. Provides an overview of recent findings and knowledge of pediatric brain stimulation and the developing brain Edited by renowned leaders in the field of pediatric brain stimulation Presents a great resource for basic and clinical scientists and practitioners in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Lindsay M. Oberman,Peter G. Enticott
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-12-03
ISBN 10: 2889196992
ISBN 13: 9782889196999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Review:

Noninvasive brain stimulation (including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Current Brain Stimulation (TCS)) can be used both experimentally and therapeutically. In the experimental domain TMS can be applied in single pulses to depolarize a small population of neurons in a targeted brain region. This protocol can be used, for example, to map cortical motor outputs, study central motor conduction time, or evaluate the cortical silent period (a measure of intracortical inhibition) all of which are relevant to neurodevelopment. TMS can also be applied in pairs of pulses (paired pulse stimulation, ppTMS) where two pulses are presented in rapid succession to study intracortical inhibition and facilitation. Trains of repeated TMS (rTMS) pulses can be applied at various stimulation frequencies and patterns to modulate local cortical excitability beyond the duration of the stimulation itself. Depending on the parameters of stimulation the excitability can be either facilitated or suppressed. TCS (including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), alternating current (tACS), and random noise current stimulation (tRNS) also have the potential to modulate cortical excitability and have also been used to study and modulate cortical activity in healthy and patient populations. The after-effects of rTMS and TCS are thought to be related to changes in efficacy (in either the positive or negative direction) of synaptic connections of the neurons being stimulated, thus these techniques have been used to study and modulate cortical plasticity mechanisms in a number of populations. Recently, researchers have begun to apply these techniques to the study of neurodevelopmental mechanisms as well as the pathophysiology and development of novel treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. Though there is much promise, caution is warranted given the vulnerability of pediatric and clinical populations and the potential that these techniques have to modify circuit development in a cortex that is in a very dynamic state. This Research Topic hopes to provide an opportunity to share ideas across areas (human and animal researchers, clinicians and basic scientists). We are particularly interested in papers that address issues of choosing a protocol (intensity, frequency, location, coil geometry etc.), populations where noninvasive brain stimulation may have direct impact on diagnostics and treatment, as well as the safety and ethics of applying these techniques in pediatric populations. As many may not be aware of the potential and limitations of noninvasive brain stimulation and its use for research and treatment in this area, this Research Topic promises to have broad appeal. Submissions for all Frontiers article types are encouraged.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

From Neurons to Neighborhoods
Author: Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2000-11-13
ISBN 10: 0309069882
ISBN 13: 9780309069885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Neurons to Neighborhoods Book Review:

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Author: André Brunoni,Michael Nitsche,Colleen Loo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2016-09-12
ISBN 10: 3319339672
ISBN 13: 9783319339672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book Review:

The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in different psychiatric conditions. Here we review tDCS clinical studies employing different types of design (from single-session tDCS studies to randomized clinical trials) as well as studies evaluating the impact of tDCS in neurophysiological, behavioral and brain imaging outcomes. Although the understanding about physiological foundations and effectiveness of clinical therapies of psychiatric diseases has been considerably increased during the last decades, our knowledge is still limited, and consequently psychiatric diseases are still a major burden to the individual patient and society. Recently, interest in pathological alterations of neuroplasticity in psychiatric diseases as a critical condition for development, and amelioration of clinical symptoms increased, caused by the fact that new tools, such as functional imaging, and brain stimulation techniques do allow to monitor, and modulate these phenomena in humans. Especially non-invasive brain stimulation techniques evolved as an attractive potential new therapeutic tool. The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation has grown exponentially in the past 25 years, with the development of non-pharmacological, neuromodulatory techniques such as tDCS and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TDCS, although even newer than rTMS, has attracted considerable attention in both basic and clinical research scenarios. In the context of clinical research, tDCS is being increasingly investigated as a novel treatment tool for several psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and neurocognitive and substance abuse disorders. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Clinical Principles and Management intends to serve as a practical guide on the field, attracting the interest of psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists with little or no experience with tDCS, as well as those with a background on tDCS who want to increase their knowledge in any particular psychiatric condition.

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 4

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 4
Author: Vikram Patel,Dan Chisholm,Tarun Dua,Ramanan Laxminarayan,Mari'a Lena Medina-Mora,Theo Vos
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2016-03-10
ISBN 10: 1464804281
ISBN 13: 9781464804281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 4 Book Review:

Mental, neurological, and substance use disorders are common, highly disabling, and associated with significant premature mortality. The impact of these disorders on the social and economic well-being of individuals, families, and societies is large, growing, and underestimated. Despite this burden, these disorders have been systematically neglected, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, with pitifully small contributions to scaling up cost-effective prevention and treatment strategies. Systematically compiling the substantial existing knowledge to address this inequity is the central goal of this volume. This evidence-base can help policy makers in resource-constrained settings as they prioritize programs and interventions to address these disorders.

Frontiers in Brain Based Therapeutic Interventions and Biomarker Research in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Frontiers in Brain Based Therapeutic Interventions and Biomarker Research in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Author: Paul E. Croarkin,Stephanie H. Ameis
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 107
Release: 2016-08-05
ISBN 10: 2889199541
ISBN 13: 9782889199549
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers in Brain Based Therapeutic Interventions and Biomarker Research in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Book Review:

Developmental neuroscience research is on the cusp of unprecedented advances in the understanding of how variations in brain structure and function within neural circuits confer risk for symptoms of childhood psychiatric disorders. Novel dimensional approaches to illness classification, the availability of non-invasive, diverse and increasingly sophisticated methods to measure brain structure and function in humans in vivo, and advances in genetics, animal model and multimodal research now place brain-based biomarkers within reach in the field of psychiatry. These advances hold great promise for moving neuroscience research into the clinical realm. One exciting new area of translational research in child and adolescent psychiatry, is in the use of a variety of neuroscience research tools to track brain response to clinical intervention. Examples of this include: using longitudinal neuroimaging techniques to track changes in white matter microstructure following a training intervention for children with poor reading skills, or using functional imaging to compare brain activity before and after children with bipolar disorder begin taking psychotropic medication treatment. Brain stimulation is another cutting-edge research area where brain response to therapeutic intervention can be closely tracked with electroencephalography or other brain imaging modalities. Research using neuroscience tools to track brain response to clinical interventions is beginning to yield novel insights into the etiopathogenesis of psychiatric illness, and is providing preliminary feedback around how therapeutic interventions work in the brain to bring about symptom improvement. Using these novel approaches, neuroscience research may soon move into the clinical realm to target early pathophysiology, and tailor treatments to both individuals and specific neurodevelopmental trajectories, in an effort to alter the course of development and mitigate risk for a lifetime of morbidity and ineffective treatments. Excitement and progress in these areas must be tempered with safety and ethical considerations for these vulnerable populations. This research topic focuses on efforts to use neuroscience research tools to identify brain-based biomarkers of therapeutic response in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation

Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation
Author: Eric Wassermann,Charles Epstein,Ulf Ziemann
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 747
Release: 2008-01-24
ISBN 10: 0198568924
ISBN 13: 9780198568926
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation Book Review:

Transcranial stimulation comprises an important set of techniques for investigating brain function, some of which are showing the promise of treating disease. This book provides the definitive review of the scientific and technical background required to understand transcranial stimulation, for neuroscientists, neurologists, and psychiatrists.

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Author: Bernardo Dell'Osso,Giorgio Di Lorenzo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2020-09-01
ISBN 10: 3030433560
ISBN 13: 9783030433567
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences Book Review:

This book presents the state of the art regarding the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (TMS and tDCS) in the research and treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. The contributions, all of which were prepared by internationally recognized experts in the field, are divided into two main sections (for TMS and tDCS, respectively) across diagnoses, following an introductory section on the mechanisms of action and neurophysiological background. Neuropsychological perspectives and approaches are provided as well. The book is ultimately intended to offer a unique, integrated approach to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation across the clinical neurosciences, providing a comprehensive and updated perspective that will benefit psychiatrists, neurologists, clinical psychologists and neurophysiologists alike.

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Kevin J. Mitchell
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2015-09-28
ISBN 10: 1118524888
ISBN 13: 9781118524886
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Review:

Neurodevelopmental disorders arise from disturbances to various processes of brain development, which can manifest in diverse ways. They encompass many rare genetic syndromes as well as common, heritable conditions such as intellectual disability, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia and many types of epilepsy. The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders examines recent revolutionary advances in our understanding of the genetics of these disorders, exploring both basic discoveries and the translation of new findings into the clinical setting. The book begins by examining the genetic architecture and etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. It describes the striking recent progress in identifying pathogenic mutations, which are grouped here based on the neurodevelopmental processes impacted. Subsequent chapters consider the use of cellular and animal models to elucidate the cascading consequences of such mutations, from molecular and cellular levels to emergent effects on neural circuits, brain systems and subsequent psychological development. The text concludes by examining the important clinical implications of the recent advances in the field, from recognition of the genetic causes in individual patients to development of new treatments and interventions. A timely synthesis, The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a unique and essential resource for neuroscientists, geneticists, neurologists and psychiatrists and an accessible and up-to-date overview for medical and science students.

Autism

Autism
Author: Michael Fitzgerald,Jane Yip
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-04-12
ISBN 10: 953513079X
ISBN 13: 9789535130796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Book Review:

This book opens with a discussion of neurodiversity and an elaboration of the diagnosis of autism. It then examines factors correlating with autism, including sex bias, month of birth, migration and impact of infant feeding. The next section is on the impact of autism. The neurobiology and genetic section deals with epigenetics and intracellular pathways associated with etiology. The development and behaviour section deals with proprioceptive profiles and joint attention in autism. The final section focuses on interventions including mindfulness, animal assisted activity, social/cultural perspective on autism intervention and physical activity. The book is relevant to all professionals and researchers working with persons with autism, including psychiatrists/psychologists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, teachers, nurses and care workers.

Sleep Disorders in Children

Sleep Disorders in Children
Author: Soňa Nevšímalová,Oliviero Bruni
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2016-10-03
ISBN 10: 3319286404
ISBN 13: 9783319286402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sleep Disorders in Children Book Review:

This book is both an exam guide to children ́s sleep medicine and a practical manual for diagnosis and management of sleep disorders in children. An overview of the most frequent sleep disorders encountered in newborns, infants, children and adolescents is provided. This book discusses the main sleep disorders in detail, including insomnia, respiratory disturbances, movement disorders during sleep, circadian rhythm disorders, parasomnias, and disorders associated with increased sleepiness. It also covers sleep disorders associated with neurological, psychiatric, and medical diseases. This book is divided into two parts. The first part is an introduction to childhood sleep physiology and pathology, epidemiology of sleep disorders, and diagnostic procedures. The second part describes the most frequent sleep disorders in greater depth. Sleep Disorders in Children is aimed at sleep researchers, pediatricians, child neurologists and child psychiatrists, as well as patient organizations and families with affected children.

Autism

Autism
Author: Uta Frith
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 216
Release: 1991-01-16
ISBN 10: 9780631168249
ISBN 13: 0631168249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Book Review:

The updated edition of this classic account of autism includes a new chapter outlining recent developments in neuropsychological research and reviews the growing body of work on the neurophysiological basis of autism.

Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Neurobiology of Mental Illness
Author: Dennis S. Charney,Eric J. Nestler,Pamela Sklar,Joseph D. Buxbaum
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1222
Release: 2013-07-04
ISBN 10: 0199934959
ISBN 13: 9780199934959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Mental Illness Book Review:

Our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease has accelerated in the past five years. The fourth edition of Neurobiology of Mental Illness has been completely revamped given these advances and discoveries on the neurobiologic foundations of psychiatry. Like its predecessors the book begins with an overview of the basic science. The emerging technologies in Section 2 have been extensively redone to match the progress in the field including new chapters on the applications of stem cells, optogenetics, and image guided stimulation to our understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Sections' 3 through 8 pertain to the major psychiatric syndromes-the psychoses, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, dementias, and disorders of childhood-onset. Each of these sections includes our knowledge of their etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The final section discusses special topic areas including the neurobiology of sleep, resilience, social attachment, aggression, personality disorders and eating disorders. In all, there are 32 new chapters in this volume including unique insights on DSM-5, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) from NIMH, and a perspective on the continuing challenges of diagnosis given what we know of the brain and the mechanisms pertaining to mental illness. This book provides information from numerous levels of analysis including molecular biology and genetics, cellular physiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, epidemiology, and behavior. In doing so it translates information from the basic laboratory to the clinical laboratory and finally to clinical treatment. No other book distills the basic science and underpinnings of mental disorders and explains the clinical significance to the scope and breadth of this classic text. The result is an excellent and cutting-edge resource for psychiatric residents, psychiatric researchers and doctoral students in neurochemistry and the neurosciences.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author: Michael Fitzgerald
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2015-04-02
ISBN 10: 9535120379
ISBN 13: 9789535120377
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Spectrum Disorder Book Review:

This book starts with a new sub category of Autism Criminal Autistic Psychopathy and school shootings. It focuses on a number of interventions, including speech and language pathology, speech and language assessment instruments, occupational therapy, improving functional language development in autism with natural gestures, communication boards etc as well as helping people with autism using the pictorial support, training of concepts of significant others, theory of mind, social concepts and a conceptual model for empowering families of children with autism cross culturally. It also examines the issue of hyperandrogenism and evidence-based treatments of autism. In terms of assessment, it focuses on psychological and biological assessment including neurotransmitters systems, structural and functional brain imaging, coping strategies of parents, examines the intertwining of language impairment, specific language impairment and ASD, as well as implicit and spontaneous Theory of Mind reading in ASD. In terms of aetiology, it focuses on genetic factors, epigenetics, synaptic vesicles, toxicity during neurodevelopment, immune system and sex differences. It also examines the link between social cognitive anatomical and neurophysiologic biomarkers and candidate genes. This book will be relevant to all mental health professionals because autism occurs in all the different areas of psychiatry and professionals who will find it helpful will be psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, teachers and all those working with persons with Autism including parents who nowadays are interested in knowing more and more, at a detailed level about their children or adults with autism.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Author: Vincent Walsh,Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 297
Release: 2003-06-06
ISBN 10: 0262232286
ISBN 13: 9780262232289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Book Review:

A guide to the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation to reversibly disrupt cortical functioning as a means of studying perceptual and cognitive functions.

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders
Author: Gianfranco Spalletta,Delfina Janiri,Federica Piras,Gabriele Sani
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2020-08-29
ISBN 10: 3030494144
ISBN 13: 9783030494148
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders Book Review:

This volume presents a comprehensive overview of childhood trauma, considering the psychopathological definition and its neurobiological implications as well as its impact on different psychiatric disorders. The focus on childhood trauma rather than that occurring in adulthood is important due to its general “neuro-psyco-socio” and its specific biological implications, since trauma during childhood impacts directly on neurodevelopment. It has been suggested that early life stress increases vulnerability to psychiatric disorders; however, the exact mechanisms of this association are not yet completely understood. Although childhood trauma could be considered too unspecific to be an important risk factor for individual psychiatric disorders since it seems to occur across the board, it impacts differently on different psychiatric disorders, and it can modulate their clinical expression. Therefore, the assessment of early trauma needs to be included in the clinical evaluation of patients with psychiatric disorders. The volume will be an invaluable tool for psychiatrists, helping them to select suitable pharmacological, psychotherapeutic and rehabilitative treatments.

Handbook of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Handbook of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Author: Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2001-11-30
ISBN 10: 9780340720097
ISBN 13: 0340720093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Book Review:

Transcranial Magnetic Stimul0tion (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that has revolutionised the study of the human nervous system allowing in-depth investigations of complex voluntary motor control pathways. Today, many of the techniques used in TMS have become routine in clinical electrophysiological assessments. As an investigative tool, its application ranges from clinical diagnostics to cognitive research. Now the use of repetitive TMS (rTMS) is gaining support amongst psychiatrists as evidence suggests that it may provide an alternative to ECT in treating depression and other psychiatric disorders. This handbook brings together the basic science, fundamental principles, and essential procedures of TMS needed by all those useing or planning to use the technique clinically or in research. The final two sections focus upon current up to date knowledge of applications of the technique. Written in a digestible style by world authorities in different related specialties, the Handbook of TMS will be a valuable and comprehensive guide for clinical neurophysiologists, neuropsychiatrists, neurologists and psychiatrists.

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Anna-katharine Brem,Kathy Ran,Alvaro Pascual-leone
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0128080612
ISBN 13: 9780128080610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

Learning and memory functions are crucial in the interaction of an individual with the environment and involve the interplay of large, distributed brain networks. Recent advances in technologies to explore neurobiological correlates of neuropsychological paradigms have increased our knowledge about human learning and memory. In this chapter we first review and define memory and learning processes from a neuropsychological perspective. Then we provide some illustrations of how noninvasive brain stimulation can play a major role in the investigation of memory functions, as it can be used to identify cause–effect relationships and chronometric properties of neural processes underlying cognitive steps. In clinical medicine, transcranial magnetic stimulation may be used as a diagnostic tool to understand memory and learning deficits in various patient populations. Furthermore, noninvasive brain stimulation is also being applied to enhance cognitive functions, offering exciting translational therapeutic opportunities in neurology and psychiatry.

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry
Author: Juri D. Kropotov
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2016-05-03
ISBN 10: 0124105203
ISBN 13: 9780124105201
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry Book Review:

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry explores recent advances in neuroscience that have allowed scientists to discover functional neuromarkers of psychiatric disorders. These neuromarkers include brain activation patterns seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs. The book examines these neuromarkers in detail—what to look for, how to use them in clinical practice, and the promise they provide toward early detection, prevention, and personalized treatment of mental disorders. The neuromarkers identified in this book have a diagnostic sensitivity and specificity higher than 80%. They are reliable, reproducible, inexpensive to measure, noninvasive, and have been confirmed by at least two independent studies. The book focuses primarily on the analysis of EEG and ERPs. It elucidates the neuronal mechanisms that generate EEG spontaneous rhythms and explores the functional meaning of ERP components in cognitive tasks. The functional neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are reviewed in detail. The book highlights how to use these functional neuromarkers for diagnosis, personalized neurotherapy, and monitoring treatment results. Identifies specific brain activation patterns that are neuromarkers for psychiatric disorders Includes neuromarkers as seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs Addresses neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and OCD in detail Provides information on using neuromarkers for diagnosis and/or personalized treatment