Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development
Author: Bin Chen,Kenneth Y. Kwan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2020-06-10
ISBN 10: 0128144122
ISBN 13: 9780128144121
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development Book Review:

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development, Second Edition, the latest release in the Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series, provides a much-needed update to underscore the latest research in this rapidly evolving field, with new section editors discussing the technological advances that are enabling the pursuit of new research on brain development. This volume is devoted mainly to anatomical and functional development of neural circuits and neural systems and cognitive development. Understanding the critical role these changes play in neurodevelopment provides the ability to explore and elucidate the underlying causes of neurodevelopmental disorders and their effect on cognition. This series is designed to fill the knowledge gap, offering the most thorough coverage of this field on the market today and addressing all aspects of how the nervous system and its components develop. Features leading experts in various subfields as section editors and article authors Presents articles that have been peer reviewed to ensure accuracy, thoroughness and scholarship Includes coverage of mechanisms that control the assembly of neural circuits in specific regions of the nervous system and multiple aspects of cognitive development

Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain

Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2013-05-06
ISBN 10: 0123973465
ISBN 13: 9780123973467
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain Book Review:

The genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms of neural development are essential for understanding evolution and disorders of neural systems. Recent advances in genetic, molecular, and cell biological methods have generated a massive increase in new information, but there is a paucity of comprehensive and up-to-date syntheses, references, and historical perspectives on this important subject. The Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series is designed to fill this gap, offering the most thorough coverage of this field on the market today and addressing all aspects of how the nervous system and its components develop. Particular attention is paid to the effects of abnormal development and on new psychiatric/neurological treatments being developed based on our increased understanding of developmental mechanisms. Each volume in the series consists of review style articles that average 15-20pp and feature numerous illustrations and full references. Volume 3 offers 40 high level articles devoted mainly to anatomical and functional development of neural circuits and neural systems, as well as those that address neurodevelopmental disorders in humans and experimental organisms. Series offers 144 articles for 2904 full color pages addressing ways in which the nervous system and its components develop Features leading experts in various subfields as Section Editors and article Authors All articles peer reviewed by Section Editors to ensure accuracy, thoroughness, and scholarship Volume 3 sections include coverage of: mechanisms that control the assembly of neural circuits in specific regions of the nervous system, multiple aspects of cognitive development, and disorders of the nervous system arising through defects in neural development

Mechanisms of Cognitive Development

Mechanisms of Cognitive Development
Author: James L. McClelland,Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Mind Brain and Computation James L McClelland,Robert Siegler
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2001-03
ISBN 10: 1135706115
ISBN 13: 9781135706111
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanisms of Cognitive Development Book Review:

This volume considers how children's thinking evolves during development, with a focus on the role of experience in causing change. It brings together cutting-edge research by leaders in the psychology and neurobiology of child development to examine the processes by which children learn and those that make children ready and able to learn at particular points in development. Behavioral approaches include research on the "microgenesis" of cognitive change over short time periods (e.g., several hour-long sessions) in specific task situations. Research on cognitive change over longer time scales (months and years) is also presented, as well as research that uses computational modeling and dynamical systems approaches to understand learning and development. Neural approaches include the study of how neuronal activity and connectivity change during acquisition of cognitive skills in children and adults. Other investigations consider the possible emergence of cognitive abilities through the maturation of brain structures and the effects of experience on the organization of functions in the brain. Developmental anomalies, such as autism and attention deficit disorder are also examined as windows on normal development. Four questions drive the volume: *Why do cognitive abilities emerge when they do during development? *What are the sources of developmental and individual differences, and of developmental anomalies in learning? *What happens in the brain when people learn? *How can experiences be ordered and timed to optimize learning? The answers to these questions have strong implications for how we educate children and remediate deficits that have impeded the development of thinking abilities. These implications are explored in several chapters in the volume, as well as in the commentaries by leading discussants.

The Aging Mind

The Aging Mind
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Future Directions for Cognitive Research on Aging
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2000-04-18
ISBN 10: 9780309172196
ISBN 13: 0309172195
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aging Mind Book Review:

Possible new breakthroughs in understanding the aging mind that can be used to benefit older people are now emerging from research. This volume identifies the key scientific advances and the opportunities they bring. For example, science has learned that among older adults who do not suffer from Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias, cognitive decline may depend less on loss of brain cells than on changes in the health of neurons and neural networks. Research on the processes that maintain neural health shows promise of revealing new ways to promote cognitive functioning in older people. Research is also showing how cognitive functioning depends on the conjunction of biology and culture. The ways older people adapt to changes in their nervous systems, and perhaps the changes themselves, are shaped by past life experiences, present living situations, changing motives, cultural expectations, and emerging technology, as well as by their physical health status and sensory-motor capabilities. Improved understanding of how physical and contextual factors interact can help explain why some cognitive functions are impaired in aging while others are spared and why cognitive capability is impaired in some older adults and spared in others. On the basis of these exciting findings, the report makes specific recommends that the U.S. government support three major new initiatives as the next steps for research.

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience  Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain
Author: H. Gweon,R. Saxe
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2013-05-06
ISBN 10: 0128063297
ISBN 13: 9780128063293
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain Book Review:

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

From Neurons to Neighborhoods
Author: Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2000-11-13
ISBN 10: 0309069882
ISBN 13: 9780309069885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Neurons to Neighborhoods Book Review:

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience  Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain
Author: B.J. Casey,N. Franklin,M.M. Cohen
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2013-05-06
ISBN 10: 0128063483
ISBN 13: 9780128063484
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain Book Review:

Goal Directed Decision Making

Goal Directed Decision Making
Author: Richard W. Morris,Aaron Bornstein,Amitai Shenhav
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2018-08-23
ISBN 10: 0128120991
ISBN 13: 9780128120996
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Goal Directed Decision Making Book Review:

Goal-Directed Decision Making: Computations and Neural Circuits examines the role of goal-directed choice. It begins with an examination of the computations performed by associated circuits, but then moves on to in-depth examinations on how goal-directed learning interacts with other forms of choice and response selection. This is the only book that embraces the multidisciplinary nature of this area of decision-making, integrating our knowledge of goal-directed decision-making from basic, computational, clinical, and ethology research into a single resource that is invaluable for neuroscientists, psychologists and computer scientists alike. The book presents discussions on the broader field of decision-making and how it has expanded to incorporate ideas related to flexible behaviors, such as cognitive control, economic choice, and Bayesian inference, as well as the influences that motivation, context and cues have on behavior and decision-making. Details the neural circuits functionally involved in goal-directed decision-making and the computations these circuits perform Discusses changes in goal-directed decision-making spurred by development and disorders, and within real-world applications, including social contexts and addiction Synthesizes neuroscience, psychology and computer science research to offer a unique perspective on the central and emerging issues in goal-directed decision-making

The Anatomy of Bias

The Anatomy of Bias
Author: Jan Lauwereyns
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2011-08-19
ISBN 10: 0262291606
ISBN 13: 9780262291606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Anatomy of Bias Book Review:

An integrative account of the neural underpinnings of decision making, emphasizing the ways in which some information sources are given more weight than others. I will recklessly endeavor to scavenge materials from these various fields with the single aim of producing a coherent, but open-minded account of attention, or bias versus sensitivity, or how the activities of neurons allow us to decide one way or another that, with a faint echo of Hamlet in the background, something appears to be or not to be.—from The Anatomy of Bias. In this engaging, even lyrical, book, Jan Lauwereyns examines the neural underpinnings of decision-making, using "bias" as his core concept rather than the more common but noncommittal terms "selection" and "attention." Lauwereyns offers an integrative, interdisciplinary account of the structure and function of bias, which he defines as a basic brain mechanism that attaches different weights to different information sources, prioritizing some cognitive representations at the expense of others. Lauwereyns introduces the concepts of bias and sensitivity based on notions from Bayesian probability, which he translates into easily recognizable neural signatures, introduced by concrete examples from the experimental literature. He examines, among other topics, positive and negative motivations for giving priority to different sensory inputs, and looks for the neural underpinnings of racism, sexism, and other forms of "familiarity bias." Lauwereyns—a poet and essayist as well as a scientist—connects findings and ideas in neuroscience to analogous concepts in such diverse fields as post-Lacanian psychoanalysis, literary theory, philosophy of mind, evolutionary psychology, and experimental economics. With The Anatomy of Bias, he gives readers that rarity in today's world of proliferating and ever more narrowly focused technical research papers: a work of sustained, rational thinking, elegantly expressed.

Development of Mathematical Cognition

Development of Mathematical Cognition
Author: Daniel B. Berch,David C. Geary,Kathleen Mann Koepke
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2015-10-03
ISBN 10: 0128019093
ISBN 13: 9780128019092
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development of Mathematical Cognition Book Review:

Development of Mathematical Cognition: Neural Substrates and Genetic Influences reviews advances in extant imaging modalities and the application of brain stimulation techniques for improving mathematical learning. It goes on to explore the role genetics and environmental influences have in the development of math abilities and disabilities. Focusing on the neural substrates and genetic factors associated with both the typical and atypical development of mathematical thinking and learning, this second volume in the Mathematical Cognition and Learning series integrates the latest in innovative measures and methodological advances from the top researchers in the field. Provides details about new progress made in the study of neural correlates of numerical and arithmetic cognition Addresses recent work in quantitative and molecular genetics Works to improve instruction in numerical, arithmetical, and algebraic thinking and learning Informs policy to help increase the level of mathematical proficiency among the general public

Synaptic Assembly and Neural Circuit Development

Synaptic Assembly and Neural Circuit Development
Author: Jaewon Ko,Chen Zhang
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-11-02
ISBN 10: 2889456307
ISBN 13: 9782889456307
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synaptic Assembly and Neural Circuit Development Book Review:

Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control
Author: Rogier B. Mars,Jérôme Sallet,Matthew F. S. Rushworth,Nick Yeung
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 449
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 0262016435
ISBN 13: 9780262016438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control Book Review:

A multidisciplinary overview of key approaches in the study of cognitive control and decision making.

The Evolution of Rhythm Cognition Timing in Music and Speech

The Evolution of Rhythm Cognition  Timing in Music and Speech
Author: Andrea Ravignani,Henkjan Honing,Sonja A. Kotz
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-07-24
ISBN 10: 2889455009
ISBN 13: 9782889455003
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Rhythm Cognition Timing in Music and Speech Book Review:

Human speech and music share a number of similarities and differences. One of the closest similarities is their temporal nature as both (i) develop over time, (ii) form sequences of temporal intervals, possibly differing in duration and acoustical marking by different spectral properties, which are perceived as a rhythm, and (iii) generate metrical expectations. Human brains are particularly efficient in perceiving, producing, and processing fine rhythmic information in music and speech. However a number of critical questions remain to be answered: Where does this human sensitivity for rhythm arise? How did rhythm cognition develop in human evolution? How did environmental rhythms affect the evolution of brain rhythms? Which rhythm-specific neural circuits are shared between speech and music, or even with other domains? Evolutionary processes’ long time scales often prevent direct observation: understanding the psychology of rhythm and its evolution requires a close-fitting integration of different perspectives. First, empirical observations of music and speech in the field are contrasted and generate testable hypotheses. Experiments exploring linguistic and musical rhythm are performed across sensory modalities, ages, and animal species to address questions about domain-specificity, development, and an evolutionary path of rhythm. Finally, experimental insights are integrated via synthetic modeling, generating testable predictions about brain oscillations underlying rhythm cognition and its evolution. Our understanding of the cognitive, neurobiological, and evolutionary bases of rhythm is rapidly increasing. However, researchers in different fields often work on parallel, potentially converging strands with little mutual awareness. This research topic builds a bridge across several disciplines, focusing on the cognitive neuroscience of rhythm as an evolutionary process. It includes contributions encompassing, although not limited to: (1) developmental and comparative studies of rhythm (e.g. critical acquisition periods, innateness); (2) evidence of rhythmic behavior in other species, both spontaneous and in controlled experiments; (3) comparisons of rhythm processing in music and speech (e.g. behavioral experiments, systems neuroscience perspectives on music-speech networks); (4) evidence on rhythm processing across modalities and domains; (5) studies on rhythm in interaction and context (social, affective, etc.); (6) mathematical and computational (e.g. connectionist, symbolic) models of “rhythmicity” as an evolved behavior.

Fundamental Neuroscience

Fundamental Neuroscience
Author: Larry Squire,Darwin Berg,Floyd E. Bloom,Sascha du Lac,Anirvan Ghosh,Larry R. Squire,Nicholas C. Spitzer,Susan K. McConnell,James L. Roberts,Michael J. Zigmond
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1426
Release: 2002-11-19
ISBN 10: 0080521800
ISBN 13: 9780080521800
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Neuroscience Book Review:

With over 300 training programs in neuroscience currently in existence, demand is great for a comprehensive textbook that both introduces graduate students to the full range of neuroscience, from molecular biology to clinical science, but also assists instructors in offering an in-depth course in neuroscience to advanced undergraduates. The second edition of Fundamental Neuroscience accomplishes all this and more. The thoroughly revised text features over 25% new material including completely new chapters, illustrations, and a CD-ROM containing all the figures from the text. More concise and manageable than the previous edition, this book has been retooled to better serve its audience in the neuroscience and medical communities. Key Features * Logically organized into 7 sections, with uniform editing of the content for a "one-voice" feel throughout all 54 chapters * Includes numerous text boxes with concise, detailed descriptions of specific experiments, disorders, methodological approaches, and concepts * Well-illustrated with over 850 full color figures, also included on the accompanying CD-ROM

Fundamentals of Neural Network Modeling

Fundamentals of Neural Network Modeling
Author: Randolph W. Parks,Daniel S. Levine,Debra L. Long
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780262161756
ISBN 13: 0262161753
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Neural Network Modeling Book Review:

Provides an introduction to the neural network modeling of complex cognitive and neuropsychological processes. Over the past few years, computer modeling has become more prevalent in the clinical sciences as an alternative to traditional symbol-processing models. This book provides an introduction to the neural network modeling of complex cognitive and neuropsychological processes. It is intended to make the neural network approach accessible to practicing neuropsychologists, psychologists, neurologists, and psychiatrists. It will also be a useful resource for computer scientists, mathematicians, and interdisciplinary cognitive neuroscientists. The editors (in their introduction) and contributors explain the basic concepts behind modeling and avoid the use of high-level mathematics. The book is divided into four parts. Part I provides an extensive but basic overview of neural network modeling, including its history, present, and future trends. It also includes chapters on attention, memory, and primate studies. Part II discusses neural network models of behavioral states such as alcohol dependence, learned helplessness, depression, and waking and sleeping. Part III presents neural network models of neuropsychological tests such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, the Tower of Hanoi, and the Stroop Test. Finally, part IV describes the application of neural network models to dementia: models of acetycholine and memory, verbal fluency, Parkinsons disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Contributors J. Wesson Ashford, Rajendra D. Badgaiyan, Jean P. Banquet, Yves Burnod, Nelson Butters, John Cardoso, Agnes S. Chan, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Kerry L. Coburn, Jonathan D. Cohen, Laurent Cohen, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal, Antonio R. Damasio, Hanna Damasio, Stanislas Dehaene, Martha J. Farah, Joaquin M. Fuster, Philippe Gaussier, Angelika Gissler, Dylan G. Harwood, Michael E. Hasselmo, J, Allan Hobson, Sam Leven, Daniel S. Levine, Debra L. Long, Roderick K. Mahurin, Raymond L. Ownby, Randolph W. Parks, Michael I. Posner, David P. Salmon, David Servan-Schreiber, Chantal E. Stern, Jeffrey P. Sutton, Lynette J. Tippett, Daniel Tranel, Bradley Wyble

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Bin Chen,Kenneth Y. Kwan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2020-05-24
ISBN 10: 0128144106
ISBN 13: 9780128144107
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Review:

Neurodevelopmental Disorders, the latest release in the Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series, presents the most thorough coverage available, addressing all aspects on how the nervous system and its components develop. This book brings together the latest research in this rapidly evolving field, with section editors discussing the technological advances that are enabling the pursuit of new research on brain development. This volume focuses on neurodevelopmental disorders in humans and experimental organisms. Particular attention is paid to the effects of abnormal development and on new psychiatric/neurological treatments being developed based on our increased understanding of developmental mechanisms. Features leading experts in various subfields as section editors and article authors Presents articles that have been peer reviewed to ensure accuracy, thoroughness and scholarship Covers disorders of the nervous system that arise through defects in neural development

The Neurobiology of Childhood

The Neurobiology of Childhood
Author: Susan L. Andersen,Daniel S. Pine
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2014-05-13
ISBN 10: 3642549136
ISBN 13: 9783642549137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurobiology of Childhood Book Review:

During the past years there has been rapid progress in the understanding of how early life stress impacts psychopathology in children. The first two parts of this book present the basic principles of brain development and describe the most important neuronal systems. This includes systems involved in emotion processing, cognitive control, and social processes. These first two general sections are followed by an overview about recent research on various neuronal and psychiatric disorders, where environmental exposures and altered brain development play an important role: sleep, autism, ADHD and other developmental forms of psychopathology.

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity
Author: Victor Chaban
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2018-06-06
ISBN 10: 1789231949
ISBN 13: 9781789231946
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroplasticity Book Review:

This book provides comprehensive and up-to-date insights into emerging research trends on neuroplasticity with current or future treatments for neurodevelopment and neurodegenerative diseases. The authors discuss structural and functional changes associated with cortical remapping, sensory substitution, synaptic and non-synaptic compensatory plasticity due to brain damage, brain training, chronic pain, meditation, music, exercise and related states. Key features include pathogenesis, and existing and new therapies together with a pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach in clinical treatment and management. The authors are established experts that contributed significantly to a better understanding of the etiology of neuroplasticity. This book is recommended to healthcare providers, clinical scientists, students and patients.

Health and Academic Achievement

Health and Academic Achievement
Author: Blandina Bernal-Morales
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN 10: 1789237300
ISBN 13: 9781789237306
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health and Academic Achievement Book Review:

Emotional, physical and social well-being describe human health from birth. Good health goes hand in hand with the ability to handle stress for the future. However, biological factors such as diet, life experiences such as drug abuse, bullying, burnout and social factors such as family and community support at the school stage tend to mold health problems, affecting academic achievements. This book is a compilation of current scientific information about the challenges that students, families and teachers face regarding health and academic achievements. Contributions also relate to how physical activity, psychosocial support and other interventions can be made to understand resilience and vulnerability to school desertion. This book will be of interest to readers from broad professional fields, non-specialist readers, and those involved in education policy.

The Cerebellum and Cognition

The Cerebellum and Cognition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 665
Release: 1997-10-02
ISBN 10: 9780080857756
ISBN 13: 0080857752
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cerebellum and Cognition Book Review:

The Cerebellum and Cognition pulls together a preeminent group of authors. The cerebellum has been previously considered as a highly complex structure involved only with motor control. The cerebellum is essential to nonmotor functions, and recent research has revealed new medically important roles of the cerebellum and cognitive processes. Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries Comprehensive coverage of cerebellum in motor control and cognition New developments regarding the cerebellum and motor systems Therapeutic implications of cerebellar contributions to cognition Preeminent group of contributors