Natural Organic Matter in Water

Natural Organic Matter in Water
Author: Mika Sillanpää
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2014-10-07
ISBN 10: 0128017198
ISBN 13: 9780128017197
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Organic Matter in Water Book Review:

Approximately 77 percent of the freshwater used in the United States comes from surface-water sources and is subject to natural organic matter contamination according to the United States Geological Survey. This presents a distinct challenge to water treatment engineers. An essential resource to the latest breakthroughs in the characterization, treatment and removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from drinking water, Natural Organic Matter in Waters: Characterization and Treatment Methods focuses on advance filtration and treatment options, and processes for reducing disinfection byproducts. Based on the author’s years of research and field experience, this book begins with the characterization of NOM including: general parameters, isolation and concentration, fractionation, composition and structural analysis and biological testing. This is followed by removal methods such as inorganic coagulants, polyelectrolytes and composite coagulants. Electrochemical and membranes removal methods such as: electrocoagulation, electrochemical oxidation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and membrane fouling. Covers conventional as well as advanced NOM removal methods Includes characterization methods of NOM Explains removal methods such as: removal by coagulation, electrochemical, advanced oxidation, and integrated methods

Characterization of Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water

Characterization of Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water
Author: Jean-Phillipe Croue,Gregory V. Korshin,Mark M. Benjamin,AWWA Research Foundation
Publsiher: American Water Works Association
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 1583210156
ISBN 13: 9781583210154
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization of Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water Book Review:

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter
Author: Khan M.G. Mostofa,Takahito Yoshioka,Abdul Mottaleb,Davide Vione
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 917
Release: 2012-12-15
ISBN 10: 3642322239
ISBN 13: 9783642322235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter Book Review:

Photoinduced processes, caused by natural sunlight, are key functions for sustaining all living organisms through production and transformation of organic matter (OM) in the biosphere. Production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) from OM is a primary step of photoinduced processes, because H2O2 acts as strong reductant and oxidant. It is potentially important in many aquatic reactions, also in association with photosynthesis. Allochthonous and autochthonous dissolved organic matter (DOM) can be involved into several photoinduced or biological processes. DOM subsequently undergoes several physical, chemical, photoinduced and biological processes, which can be affected by global warming. This book is uniquely structured to overview some vital issues, such as: DOM; H2O2 and ROOH; HO•; Degradation of DOM; CDOM, FDOM; Photosynthesis; Chlorophyll; Metal complexation, and Global warming, as well as their mutual interrelationships, based on updated scientific results.

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment
Author: Jianming Xu,Jianjun Wu,Yan He
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1149
Release: 2013-02-15
ISBN 10: 9400756348
ISBN 13: 9789400756342
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment Book Review:

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment presents contributions from the 16th Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society (IHSS 16) held in Hangzhou, China on September 9-14, 2012. It provides a comprehensive and updated research advance in the field of characterization, function, application of humic substances (HS) and natural organic matter (NOM) in environment, agriculture, and industry. A broad range of topics are covered: i) formation, structure and characteristics of HS and NOM; ii) HS/NOM and carbon sequestration; iii) HS/NOM and biogeochemical cycling of nutrients; iv) HS/NOM and the environmental processes of toxic elements and anthropogenic organics; v) HS/NOM, naturally occurring and engineered nanoparticles; vi) HS/NOM, biodiversity and ecosystem health; vii) HS/NOM in water and water treatment; viii) characterization and function of biochar in the environment; and ix) industrial products and application of HS. The book will be an invaluable reference for chemists, biologists, environmental scientists, ecologists, soil scientists, water scientists, agronomists, global change researchers and policy makers. Jianming Xu is Professor and Director at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Jianjun Wu is Professor at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Yan He is Associate Professor at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Characterizing Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment Processes and Trains

Characterizing Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment Processes and Trains
Author: Saeed Abdallah Baghoth
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2012-12-10
ISBN 10: 9781138000261
ISBN 13: 1138000264
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterizing Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment Processes and Trains Book Review:

Natural organic matter (NOM) generally significantly influences water treatment processes such as coagulation, oxidation, adsorption, and membrane filtration. In addition to aesthetic problems such as colour, taste and odour, NOM also contributes to the fouling of filtration membranes, serves as a precursor for disinfection by-products (DBPs) of health concern during disinfection/oxidation processes, increases the exhaustion and usage rate of activated carbon and may promote microbial growth in water distribution networks. The efficiency of drinking water treatment is affected by both the amount and composition of NOM. Proper NOM characterization enables the targeting of the problematic NOM fractions for removal and transformation. However, the characterization methods used are often laborious, time consuming and may involve extensive sample pre-treatment. High performance size exclusion chromatography and fluorescence excitation-emission matrices were used to characterize NOM relatively quickly and with minimal sample preparation. These and other tools were used to improve our understanding of NOM character and behaviour during drinking water treatment. The study demonstrates the potential of multiple NOM characterization tools for the selection, operation and monitoring of water treatment processes.

Microbiological Sensors for the Drinking Water Industry

Microbiological Sensors for the Drinking Water Industry
Author: Tapio Katko,Bo Højris
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-02-15
ISBN 10: 1780408684
ISBN 13: 9781780408682
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiological Sensors for the Drinking Water Industry Book Review:

The book addresses the interdisciplinary area of water quality monitoring and binds together interests and competences within sensing technology, system behaviour, business needs, legislation, education, data handling, and artificial response algorithms.

The Sanitary City

The Sanitary City
Author: Martin V. Melosi
Publsiher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9780822973379
ISBN 13: 0822973375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sanitary City Book Review:

Immersed in their on-demand, highly consumptive, and disposable lifestyles, most urban Americans take for granted the technologies that provide them with potable water, remove their trash, and process their wastewater. These vital services, however, are the byproduct of many decades of development by engineers, sanitarians, and civic planners. In The Sanitary City, Martin V. Melosi assembles a comprehensive, thoroughly researched and referenced history of sanitary services in urban America. He examines the evolution of water supply, sewage systems, and solid waste disposal during three distinct eras: The Age of Miasmas (pre-1880); The Bacteriological Revolution (1880-1945); and The New Ecology (1945 to present-day). Originally published in 2000, this abridged edition includes updated text and bibliographic materials. The Sanitary City is an essential resource for those interested in environmental history, environmental engineering, science and technology, urban studies, and public health. Winner of: George Perkins Marsh Prize from the American Society for Environmental History Urban History Association Prize for the best book in North American Urban History Abel Wolman Prize from the Public Works Historical Society Sidney Edelstein Prize from the Society for the History of Technology

Drinking Water and Health

Drinking Water and Health
Author: Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards,Assembly of Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 1980-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309029317
ISBN 13: 9780309029315
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drinking Water and Health Book Review:

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection
Author: Monzer Fanun
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2014-02-08
ISBN 10: 0444632840
ISBN 13: 9780444632845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection Book Review:

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection describes the importance of colloids in many applications that contribute to environmental protection, including drinking water and wastewater treatment, heavy metal remediation, treatment of radioactive materials, corrosion, and energy conversion. Knowledge of the physical and chemical composition of colloids is important to understand and accurately model the relevant processes. The book familiarizes the reader with the technological features of the application of colloids in environmental protection, and provides chemical engineers, researchers, and scientists in academic and corporate communities with the latest developments in this field. Each chapter covers the whole spectrum of the relevant science, from the fundamentals to applications. Provides the applied technological features of colloids in environmental protection Gives insight into the use of bio-solid colloids as contaminant carriers Covers the natural occurrence of biosurfactants in the environment and their applications Provides information on the use of nanoparticles for environmental applications Chapters written by recognized and respected experts in the field from all over the world

Biodegradable Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment and Distribution

Biodegradable Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment and Distribution
Author: Michèle Prévost
Publsiher: Amer Water Works Assn
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015062566610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodegradable Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment and Distribution Book Review:

This compilation covers all aspects of biodegradable organic matter in drinking water by addressing the improvement made to water treatment and quality during the last 20 years. This book is a must for researchers and a valuable reference and guidance tool for all water producers.

Natural Organic Matter and Disinfection By products Characterization and Control in Drinking Water

Natural Organic Matter and Disinfection By products Characterization and Control in Drinking Water
Author: Sylvia E. Barrett,Stuart W. Krasner,Gary L. Amy
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 425
Release: 2000
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015050118408
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Organic Matter and Disinfection By products Characterization and Control in Drinking Water Book Review:

There are many by-products of water disinfection that are still not fully understood and can be potentially harmful. In this volume all the current research in this area is discussed, along with an examination of the role of NOM (natural organic matter) and its relationship to DBP (disinfection by-product) formation and control in drinking water. Understanding the relationship of NOM to DBP may well lead to new techniques for analyzing and treating water and enable reasonable choices to be made for source-water protection, treatment plant process optimization, and distribution system operation to control DBP's. This volume emphasizes the characterization and reactivity of polar natural organic matter. It examines analytical methods which better characterize NOM and determines some of the polar and nonvolatile DBP forms. It presents innovative new methods, sich as capillary electrophoresis for haloacetic aceids and LC/MS for the identification of polar dinking water DBPs.

Organic geochemistry of natural waters

Organic geochemistry of natural waters
Author: E.M. Thurman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 497
Release: 1985-04-30
ISBN 10: 9789024731435
ISBN 13: 9024731437
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic geochemistry of natural waters Book Review:

This book is written as a reference on organic substances in natural waters and as a supplementary text for graduate students in water chemistry. The chapters address five topics: amount, origin, nature, geochemistry, and characterization of organic carbon. Of these topics, the main themes are the amount and nature of dissolved organic carbon in natural waters (mainly fresh water, although seawater is briefly discussed). It is hoped that the reader is familiar with organic chemistry, but it is not necessary. The first part of the book is a general overview of the amount and general nature of dissolved organic carbon. Over the past 10 years there has been an exponential increase in knowledge on organic substances in water, which is the result of money directed toward the research of organic compounds, of new methods of analysis (such as gas chromatography and mass spectrometry), and most importantly, the result of more people working in this field. Because of this exponential increase in knowledge, there is a need to pull together and summarize the data that has accumulated from many disciplines over the last decade.

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence
Author: Paula Coble,Jamie Lead,Andy Baker,Darren Reynolds,Robert G. M. Spencer
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2014-07-14
ISBN 10: 0521764610
ISBN 13: 9780521764612
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence Book Review:

Core text on principles, laboratory/field methodologies, and data interpretation for fluorescence applications in aquatic science, for advanced students and researchers.

Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats

Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats
Author: Elisabeta Chirila
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2007-01-15
ISBN 10: 1402050984
ISBN 13: 9781402050985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats Book Review:

This multidisciplinary book presents a critical assessment of our knowledge of chemical threats to environmental security, with special reference to prevention of chemical releases, rapid detection, risk assessment and effective management of emergency situations and long-term consequences of chemical releases. The technologies evaluated concern mainly prevention and management of both intentional and accident releases of chemicals into the environment. The book features contributors from a range of relevant scientific fields.

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment
Author: Gayle Newcombe,David Dixon
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2006-09-06
ISBN 10: 9780080530512
ISBN 13: 0080530516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment Book Review:

It is difficult to imagine anything more important to the human population than safe drinking water. Lack of clean drinking water is still the major cause of illness and death in young children in developing countries. In more fortunate communities, where water treatment is practiced, the primary aim of water authorities is to provide water that is free from pathogens and toxins. Most countries now have water quality regulations, or guidelines, which are driving water authorities to produce purer water, with the minimum of contamination from natural or man-made origin. At the same time, consumers are demanding that chemicals added during the treatment of drinking water be kept to a minimum. As a consequence, conventional clarification methods are being challenged to comply with the new regulations and restrictions and our understanding of the mechanisms involved is being tested as never before. Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment contains a rigorous review of water treatment practices from a fundamental viewpoint. The book includes material from leading experts in the field of water treatment, reviewing their specific fields of expertise against a background of colloid and surface chemistry, and examines each step of the journey from source to consumer tap. It therefore permits the reader to develop a deep understanding of the complex processes taking place and of the necessary treatments which are vital for the provision of safe and palatable drinking water. The book is aimed at researchers, educators and practitioners in science and engineering, particularly those involved in water treatment and colloidal chemistry. · Covers all existing water treatment processes, approached from a fundamental surface and colloid science viewpoint · Unique collection of R&D authors, all experts in water treatment processes · Comprehensive review of water treatment with a complete list of references

Disinfection By products in Drinking Water

Disinfection By products in Drinking Water
Author: K. Clive Thompson,Simon Gillespie,Emma H. Goslan
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 1782620885
ISBN 13: 9781782620884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disinfection By products in Drinking Water Book Review:

Natural Organics Removal Using Membranes

Natural Organics Removal Using Membranes
Author: Andrea Schafer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2001-08-31
ISBN 10: 1420031635
ISBN 13: 9781420031638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Organics Removal Using Membranes Book Review:

Natural Organics Removal Using Membranes: Principles, Performance, and Cost provides a unique combination of important new data and operational parameters on the role of membranes in removing natural organic materials during water treatment. It examines and compares the three pressure-driven membrane processes of choice-ultrafiltration, microfiltration, and nanofiltration-in removing natural organics, including disinfection by-products and compounds implicated as carcinogens. After presenting a detailed investigation of natural organics, the text follows with a careful analysis of the efficiencies and operating conditions of the main membrane processes, including discussions of costs and fouling. This reference book introduces membranes in water treatment and shows how various methods can be compared with regard to improving process design, reducing fouling, and selecting the most suitable process, given a variety of source water parameters. The book contains a most comprehensive literature survey on membranes, one that should be of great value to all investigators of membranes in drinking water.

Aquatic Humic Substances

Aquatic Humic Substances
Author: Dag Hessen,Lars J. Tranvik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN 10: 366203736X
ISBN 13: 9783662037362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aquatic Humic Substances Book Review:

Humic substances occur in all kinds of aquatic systems, but are particularly important in northern, coniferous areas. They strongly modify the aquatic ecosystems and also constitute a major problem in the drinking water supply. This volume covers all aspects of aquatic humic substances, from their origin and chemical properties, their effects on light and nutrient regimes and biogeochemical cycling, to their role regarding organisms, productivity and food web organization from bacteria to fish. Special emphasis is paid to carbon cycling and food web organization in humic lakes, but aspects of marine carbon cycling related to humus are treated as well.

Geochemical Processes Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments

Geochemical Processes  Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments
Author: O.M. Saether,P. de Caritat
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2020-08-20
ISBN 10: 1000150593
ISBN 13: 9781000150599
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemical Processes Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments Book Review:

Geochemical Processes, Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments is a specialist book concerned with the natural processes taking place where water interacts with minerals and organic matter at the earth’s surface, in soils or within aquifers. It focuses on the all important interface between the hydrological and geochemical cycles in terrestrial ecosystems, and is thus particularly relevant to understanding the environment. The book is intended primarily as a reference text for graduate students in Earth Sciences, Hydrology or Environmental Sciences, but will be a useful introduction to those studying Chemistry, Biology or Forestry Studies. Geochemical Processes, Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments presents an overview of the current status of knowledge of catchment studies, with an outline of the challenges of future research. .

Refractory Organic Substances in the Environment

Refractory Organic Substances in the Environment
Author: Fritz Hartmann Frimmel,Gudrun Abbt-Braun,Klaus G. Heumann,Berthold Hock,Hans-Dietrich Lüdemann,Michael Spiteller
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2008-01-08
ISBN 10: 3527614443
ISBN 13: 9783527614448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Refractory Organic Substances in the Environment Book Review:

Refractory organic substances (ROS) are an essential part of the biogeochemical carbon cycle. Wherever there is life on earth, there will also be ROS in the form of poorly biodegradable leftovers of organisms and as a source for new life. Furthermore, it is now beyond doubt that ROS are closely related to the carbon intensity identified as one of the driving forces in the dynamics of green house gas emission, such that ROS play a key role in sustainable development. 'Refractory Organic Substances in the Environment' provides the results of six years of top-priority research, funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). This research program investigated the structure and function of ROS in different parts of the environment, from a chemical, physical, biological, and soil scientific point of view. It included the first systematic study of a set of reference samples from Central Europe, originating from a bog lake, soil seepage water, groundwater, and from the wastewaters of a brown coal processing plant and a secondary effluent. Thus, this work not only highlights the structural features obtained from the application of advanced analytical tools, but also the function in anthropogenically influenced aquatic systems and soils. Of special interest to students and researchers in life sciences.