Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray,Reza Salehiyan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-09-17
ISBN 10: 0128168781
ISBN 13: 9780128168783
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends Book Review:

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends: Migration and Interface covers a wide range of nanoparticle types, emphasizing the mechanisms and parameters involved in the migration of nanofillers inside immiscible polymer blends. This book explores the influence of nanoparticle migration on the localization, and hence, morphology development, electrical conductivity, and met-rheological properties of blended composite materials. As the influence of solid particles, ranging in size from several hundred nanometers to a few microns in immiscible polymer blends has been extensively studied for use as compatibilizers, morphology stabilizers, and reinforcement agents, this book is a timely resource. Outlines techniques used to prepare nanoparticles-modified immiscible polymer blend composites Explains the structural and morphological development, and melt-state rheological behaviors of nanoparticles-modified immiscible polymer blend composites Discusses major industrial applications

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 1455731609
ISBN 13: 9781455731602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost. Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials). This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc. Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers) Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku,Elijah Sobalaje Ogunniran
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 0128090812
ISBN 13: 9780128090817
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

Great progress has been made in the science and technology of polymer-based nanomaterials over the last decade. Nanostructured polymer systems have attracted much scientific and applied research interest. The last two decades have witnessed significant advances in polymer science and technology generally, but more so for polymer blends. The idea of blending two (or more) polymers, especially immiscible blends, has come with a lot of challenges. Achieving this has brought to the fore the art and science (and engineering) of compatibilization. During the last few decades, the addition of nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, and so on has advanced even further the creation of blends, alloys, and composites with different polymers. In making these blends, intermediaries such as compatibilizers, coupling agents, and other additives are often employed to bring about blends that are satisfactory for the purposes they are intended to serve. Nanostructured polymer blends formation has strongly improved the properties and structural integrities of polymer blends, by employing compatibilization as a tool to achieve such properties and structural integrities of polymer blends. Reinforcing compatibilized polymer blends with nanosize additives has further strengthened the properties and integrities of polymer blends, alloys, and composites.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Roberto Scaffaro,Luigi Botta
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 0128090820
ISBN 13: 9780128090824
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

Nanofillers can play two important roles in polymer blends. The first is the improvement of various properties such as mechanical, barrier, thermal, flame retardancy, and electrical properties. The second is the modification of miscibility/compatibility and morphology of polymer blends. The mechanism of action of nanoparticles to modify the morphology, interfacial properties, and performance of immiscible polymer blends relies on their localization, their interactions with polymer components, and the way these additives disperse within the polymer blend. The objective of this chapter is to review the research on nanofilled thermoplastic/thermoplastic polymer blends, paying particular attention both to the distribution of nanoparticles inside a binary polymer blend and to the effect of nanofillers on the morphology and on the properties of the thermoplastic polymer blends. In a large majority of cases, thermoplastic polymer blends filled with nanoparticles show better compatibility in terms of morphology size than pure blends. Moreover, the formation of a cocontinuous structure is promoted by the presence of the nanofiller.

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems

Micro  and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems
Author: Charef Harrats,Sabu Thomas,Gabriel Groeninckx
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2005-09-29
ISBN 10: 9780849337345
ISBN 13: 0849337348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems Book Review:

Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems: Phase Morphology and Interfaces focuses on the formation of phase morphology in polymer blends and copolymers and considers various types of blends including thermosets, thermoplastics, thermoplastic vulcanizates, and structured copolymers. The book carefully debates the processing, rheology, and crystallization aspects of the phase morphology of polymer blends. The text surveys theory, characterization, processing, and experimental aspects of phase morphology development and design of polymer blends. It examines the adhesion of polymer–polymer interfaces in immiscible polymer blends and the different ways by which nanostructures may be generated in thermosetting polymers. The book analyzes the polymerization process and the dynamic vulcanization of multicomponent polymer blends and the crystallization behavior occurring in blends with a confined morphology. It also discusses the structure–rheology relationship in compatibilized blends, the effects of elasticity on the structure development, and the rheological response in concentrated blends. Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems examines the current state of the art, challenges, and future prospects in the field of polymer blends. The handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors makes this survey of phase morphology in polymer blends an outstanding resource for anyone involved in the field of polymer materials design.

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems
Author: Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2015-09-22
ISBN 10: 032339454X
ISBN 13: 9780323394543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems Book Review:

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blend and Nanocomposite Systems offers readers an intelligent, thorough introduction to the design and applications of this new generation of designer polymers with customized properties. The book assembles and covers, in a unified way, the state-of-the-art developments of this less explored type of material. With a focus on nanostructured polymer blends, the book discusses the science of nanostructure formation and the potential performance benefits of nanostructured polymer blends and composites for applications across many sectors: electronics, coatings, adhesives, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace, automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers). The book also describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties. Covers all important information for designing and selecting the right nanostructured polymer system Provides specialized knowledge on self-repairing, nanofibre and nanostructured multiphase materials, as well as evaluation and testing of nanostructured polymer systems Serves as a reference guide for development of new products in industries ranging from electronics, coatings, and energy, to transport and medical applications Describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Juan Rodríguez-Hernández
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 012809088X
ISBN 13: 9780128090886
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

The design of polymer blends constitutes an interesting alternative to obtaining micro- and nanostructured surfaces. The cost is reasonable and it is free from time-consuming procedures. Blending of polymers can yield materials with unprecedented properties that cannot be provided otherwise by using a single polymer. The free surface topography of polymer blend films, often related to phase domain structure, is critical to the applications. Two main aspects need to be considered in the preparation of multistructured blends: the interfaces involved and the morphology to be obtained. The control of these two aspects depends further on materials-related parameters involving the composition of the blend, the interfacial tension or viscosity ratio, and the processing conditions related to the temperature, time, or intensity of mixing, among others. Both domain structure and topography of the blend films have garnered increasing interest over the past decade. This chapter describes the nanomicrostructures formed at the polymer surface from polymer blends. Despite the crucial role that surfaces play in the final application of the material, up to now most of the studies concerning polymer blends have been related to the control of the mechanical properties (toughness, stiffness, thermal expansion, etc.), their barrier properties, or the electrical conductivity. This chapter focuses on the analysis of the structured polymer surfaces and thin films, giving an overview of the role of these structures on the final application. The principles of phase separation and the resulting structures formed are briefly discussed, followed by a wide overview of the possibilities of producing stimuli-responsive interfaces by introducing, among other things, pH- or temperature-responsive polymers within the blend. Finally, we look at how using particular preparation conditions and/or self-assembly of block copolymers, the formation of films and surfaces with hierarchical order length-scales can be induced. We also examine the main areas in which multiscale-ordered interfaces obtained from polymer blends have been applied.

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems

Micro  and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems
Author: Charef Harrats,Sabu Thomas,Gabriel Groeninckx
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2005-09-29
ISBN 10: 1000611736
ISBN 13: 9781000611731
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems Book Review:

Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems: Phase Morphology and Interfaces focuses on the formation of phase morphology in polymer blends and copolymers and considers various types of blends including thermosets, thermoplastics, thermoplastic vulcanizates, and structured copolymers. The book carefully debates the processing

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Yuan Meng,Xinghong Zhang
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 0128090839
ISBN 13: 9780128090831
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

The engineering of nanostructured thermosets with different modifiers has generated significant interest, since improved overall properties are promised by good control over monodispersed microdomains. Incorporation of block copolymers and hyperbranched polymers are acknowledged as two efficient strategies to build up such nano/microcomposites, bearing distinct phase-segregating behaviors owing to respective unique architectures. In this chapter, we aim to illustrate the interplay between matrix and modifier from a perspective of thermodynamics. The two most common mechanisms of thermoset/block copolymer demixing are interpreted; most obtained morphologies of thermoset/hyperbranched polymers are broadly correlated to the width of the phase-separation conversion window. General preparation methods as well as time-temperature-transition diagrams are given to guide practice. Thermal, mechanical, and dynamic properties are covered, with an emphasis on how the formation of various nanostructures actually influences these properties.

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems

Micro  and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems
Author: Charef Harrats,Sabu Thomas,Gabriel Groeninckx
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2005-09-29
ISBN 10: 1420026542
ISBN 13: 9781420026542
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems Book Review:

Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems: Phase Morphology and Interfaces focuses on the formation of phase morphology in polymer blends and copolymers and considers various types of blends including thermosets, thermoplastics, thermoplastic vulcanizates, and structured copolymers. The book carefully debates the processing

Sustainable Polylactide Based Blends

Sustainable Polylactide Based Blends
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray,Ritima Banerjee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2022-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780323858687
ISBN 13: 0323858686
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Polylactide Based Blends Book Review:

Sustainable Polylactide-Based Blends provides a critical overview of the state-of-the-art in PLA-based blends, addressing the latest advances, innovative processing techniques and fundamental issues that persist in the field. Sections cover the fundamentals of sustainable polymeric materials, polylactide, and polymer blends, current and upcoming processing technologies, structure and morphology characterization techniques for PLA and PLA-based blends, and the processing, morphology development, and properties of polylactide-based blends. Final chapters focus on current and future applications, market potential, key challenges and future outlooks. Throughout the book, theoretical modeling of immiscible polymer blends helps to establish structure-property relationships in various PLA-based polymer blends. With in-depth coverage of fundamentals and processing techniques, the book aims to support the selection of each processing method, along with the understanding of surface chemistry in order to achieve improved compatibility between phases. Explains fundamental aspects of polylactide-based blends, including characterization methods and property measurement techniques Offers comprehensive and detailed coverage of processing, morphology and properties, all organized by blend material Analyzes novel methods and addresses challenges associated with PLA-based blends, with a focus on applications and market potential

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes  Volume 1
Author: Visakh P. M.,Olga Nazarenko
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2016-11-18
ISBN 10: 1118831748
ISBN 13: 9781118831748
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1 Book Review:

This book is intended to serve as a "one-stop" reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of nanostructured polymer membranes and their processing and characterizations. It will be a very valuable reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, post-doctoral research fellows, senior graduate students, and researchers from R&D laboratories working in the area of polymer nanobased membranes. The various chapters are contributed by prominent researchers from industry, academia and government/private research laboratories across the globe and comprise an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Chandran C. Sarath,Robert A. Shanks,S. Thomas
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 0128090782
ISBN 13: 9780128090787
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

Miscibility and compatibility in polymer blends is a topic of great academic and industrial importance. This is because miscibility and compatibility contribute to morphology, properties, and performance. Miscibility results in one phase; compatibility creates a disperse phase with size and stability determined by interfacial interactions. Miscible polymer properties are averaged similar to a plasticizer polymer, and compatible polymers retain properties of each component, such as toughening or reinforcement. With miscible polymer blends the continuous phase dominates properties; the disperse phase contributes via stress transfer. This chapter revisits the criteria for miscibility or compatibility in polymer blends and the contributors of compatibility compared with miscibility and incompatibility. Development of copolymers and their blending with thermosets and thermoplastics result in complex two-phase morphologies. The dynamics of phase separation observed in polymer blends leading to different morphologies and the criteria for phase separation is explained. A nanometer-dispersed phase requires strong interfacial interactions to stabilize the large interfacial area, and this is favored by rapid spinodal phase separation compared with size diminution by high shear. Nanoblends open up a new arena for polymer blends, and research shows that nanoblends have outstanding optical and mechanical properties.

Polymeric and Nanostructured Materials

Polymeric and Nanostructured Materials
Author: Aparna Thankappan,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Sabu Thomas,Aneesa Padinjakkara
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2018-11-20
ISBN 10: 1351376365
ISBN 13: 9781351376365
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric and Nanostructured Materials Book Review:

This volume provides in-depth knowledge and recent research on polymers and nanostructured materials from synthesis to advanced applications. Leading researchers from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions across the globe have contributed to this volume, covering new research on nanocomposites, polymer technology, and electrochemistry.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Roberto Scaffaro,Luigi Botta
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 0128090898
ISBN 13: 9780128090893
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

The usefulness of any material, including nanocomposite polymer blends, depends on its degradability and durability. Thus, this chapter reviews the status of the research on degradation of nanocomposite polymer blends and, in particular, on clay-nanocomposite polymer blends, paying particular attention to both the role of the filler and the role of the blend morphology and composition. The results of recent research indicate that the clay has two opposing effects on the thermal stability of a nanocomposite polymer blend: (1) a promoter effect of the polymer matrix degradation, which decreases the thermal stability, and (2) a barrier effect, which improves the thermal stability. Moreover, the presence of organoclays generally reduces the photostability of nanocomposite polymer blends. Despite the effect of the filler, blend morphology and blend composition can significantly affect, either positively or negatively, the degradation behavior of the polymer blend nanocomposites.

Nanostructured Soft Matter

Nanostructured Soft Matter
Author: A.V. Zvelindovsky
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2007-11-06
ISBN 10: 140206330X
ISBN 13: 9781402063305
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Soft Matter Book Review:

This book provides an interdisciplinary overview of a new and broad class of materials under the unifying name Nanostructured Soft Matter. It covers materials ranging from short amphiphilic molecules to block copolymers, proteins, colloids and their composites, microemulsions and bio-inspired systems such as vesicles.

Nanodroplets

Nanodroplets
Author: Zhiming M. Wang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2014-01-08
ISBN 10: 1461494729
ISBN 13: 9781461494720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanodroplets Book Review:

Nanodroplets, the basis of complex and advanced nanostructures such as quantum rings, quantum dots and quantum dot clusters for future electronic and optoelectronic materials and devices, have attracted the interdisciplinary interest of chemists, physicists and engineers. This book combines experimental and theoretical analyses of nanosized droplets which reveal many attractive properties. Coverage includes nanodroplet synthesis, structure, unique behaviors and their nanofabrication, including chapters on focused ion beam, atomic force microscopy, molecular beam epitaxy and the "vapor-liquid- solid" route. Particular emphasis is given to the behavior of metallic nanodroplets, water nanodroplets and nanodroplets in polymer and metamaterial nanocomposites. The contributions of leading scientists and their research groups will provide readers with deeper insight into the chemical and physical mechanisms, properties, and potential applications of various nanodroplets.

Polymer Thermodynamics

Polymer Thermodynamics
Author: Kal Renganathan Sharma
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2011-10-10
ISBN 10: 1439826390
ISBN 13: 9781439826393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Thermodynamics Book Review:

Polymer Thermodynamics: Blends, Copolymers and Reversible Polymerization describes the thermodynamic basis for miscibility as well as the mathematical models used to predict the compositional window of miscibility and construct temperature versus volume-fraction phase diagrams. The book covers the binary interaction model, the solubility parameter approach, and the entropic difference model. Using equation of state (EOS) theories, thermodynamic models, and information from physical properties, it illustrates the construction of phase envelopes. The book presents nine EOS theories, including some that take into account molecular weight effects. Characteristic values are given in tables. It uses the binary interaction model to predict the compositional window of miscibility for copolymer/homopolymer blends and blends of copolymers and terpolymers with common monomers. It discusses Hansen fractional solubility parameter values, six phase diagram types, the role of polymer architecture in phase behavior, and the mathematical framework for multiple glass transition temperatures found in partially miscible polymer blends. The author also illustrates biomedical and commercial applications of nanocomposites, the properties of various polymer alloys, Fick’s laws of diffusion and their implications during transient events, and the use of the dynamic programming method in the sequence alignment of DNA and proteins. The final chapter reviews the thermodynamics of reversible polymerization and copolymerization. Polymer blends offer improved performance/cost ratios and the flexibility to tailor products to suit customers’ needs. Exploring physical phenomena, such as phase separation, this book provides readers with methods to design polymer blends and predict the phase behavior of binary polymer blends using desktop computers.

Processing of Polymer based Nanocomposites

Processing of Polymer based Nanocomposites
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2018-09-15
ISBN 10: 331997792X
ISBN 13: 9783319977928
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Processing of Polymer based Nanocomposites Book Review:

Processing of polymer nanocomposites usually requires special attention since the resultant structure—micro- and nano-level, is directly influenced by among other factors, polymer/nano-additive chemistry and the processing strategy. This book consolidates knowledge, from fundamental to product development, on polymer nanocomposites processing with special emphasis on the processing-structure-property-performance relationships in a wide range of polymer nanocomposites. Furthermore, this book focuses on emerging processing technologies such as electrospinning, which has very exciting applications ranging from medical to filtration. Additionally, the important role played by the nanoparticles in polymer blends structures has been illustrated in the current book, with special focus on fundamental aspects and properties of nanoparticles migration and interface crossing in immiscible polymer blend nanocomposites. This book focuses heavily on the processing technologies and strategies and extensively addresses the processing-structure-property-performance relationships in a wide range of polymer nanocomposites, such as commodity polymers (chapter 1), engineering polymers (chapter 2), elastomers (chapter 3), thermosets (chapter 4), biopolymers (chapter 5), polymer blends (chapter 6), and electrospun polymer (chapter 7). The important role played by nanoparticles in polymer blends structures in particular is illustrated. The book is useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students (polymer engineering, materials science & engineering, chemical & process engineering), as well as research & development personnel, engineers, and material scientists.

Mechanical Properties of Polymers based on Nanostructure and Morphology

Mechanical Properties of Polymers based on Nanostructure and Morphology
Author: G. H. Michler,F. J. Balta-Calleja
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN 10: 1420027131
ISBN 13: 9781420027136
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanical Properties of Polymers based on Nanostructure and Morphology Book Review:

The improvement of strength and durability in polymers has implications relevant to industrial, medical, and household applications. Enhanced by the improved knowledge of the interactions between complex hierarchical structures and functional requirements, Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology focuses on new polyme