Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals
Author: Yi Zhang,Yeon-Gil Jung,Jing Zhang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2020-06-29
ISBN 10: 0128225599
ISBN 13: 9780128225592
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals Book Review:

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals: Application to Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process provides comprehensive coverage on the latest methodology in additive manufacturing (AM) modeling and simulation. Although there are extensive advances within the AM field, challenges to predictive theoretical and computational approaches still hinder the widespread adoption of AM. The book reviews metal additive materials and processes and discusses multiscale/multiphysics modeling strategies. In addition, coverage of modeling and simulation of AM process in order to understand the process-structure-property relationship is reviewed, along with the modeling of morphology evolution, phase transformation, and defect formation in AM parts. Residual stress, distortion, plasticity/damage in AM parts are also considered, with scales associated with the spatial, temporal and/or material domains reviewed. This book is useful for graduate students, engineers and professionals working on AM materials, equipment, process, development and modeling. Includes the fundamental principles of additive manufacturing modeling techniques Presents various modeling tools/software for AM modeling Discusses various design methods and how to optimize the AM process using these models

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals
Author: Yi Zhang,Yeon-Gil Jung,Jing Zhang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2020-09-15
ISBN 10: 9780128196007
ISBN 13: 0128196009
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals Book Review:

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals: Application to Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process provides comprehensive coverage on the latest methodology in additive manufacturing (AM) modeling and simulation. Although there are extensive advances within the AM field, challenges to predictive theoretical and computational approaches still hinder the widespread adoption of AM. The book reviews metal additive materials and processes and discusses multiscale/multiphysics modeling strategies. In addition, coverage of modeling and simulation of AM process in order to understand the process-structure-property relationship is reviewed, along with the modeling of morphology evolution, phase transformation, and defect formation in AM parts. Residual stress, distortion, plasticity/damage in AM parts are also considered, with scales associated with the spatial, temporal and/or material domains reviewed. This book is useful for graduate students, engineers and professionals working on AM materials, equipment, process, development and modeling. Includes the fundamental principles of additive manufacturing modeling techniques Presents various modeling tools/software for AM modeling Discusses various design methods and how to optimize the AM process using these models

TMS 2021 150th Annual Meeting Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings

TMS 2021 150th Annual Meeting   Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings
Author: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030652610
ISBN 13: 9783030652616
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

TMS 2021 150th Annual Meeting Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings Book Review:

Overview of Modelling and Simulation of Metal Powder Bed Fusion Process at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Overview of Modelling and Simulation of Metal Powder Bed Fusion Process at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1016964179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Overview of Modelling and Simulation of Metal Powder Bed Fusion Process at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Book Review:

Abstract : The metal laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing process uses high power lasers to build parts layer upon layer by melting fine metal powders. Qualification of parts produced using this technology is broadly recognised as a significant challenge. Physics based process models have been identified as being foundational to qualification of additively manufactured metal parts. In the present article, a multiscale modelling strategy is described that will serve as the foundation upon which process control and part qualification can be built. This includes a model at the scale of the powder that simulates single track/single multilayer builds and provides powder bed and melt pool thermal data. A second model computationally builds a complete part and predicts manufactured properties (residual stress, dimensional accuracy) in three dimensions. Modelling is tied to experiment through data mining.

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites
Author: Balasubramanian, K.R.,Senthilkumar, V.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2020-06-19
ISBN 10: 1799840557
ISBN 13: 9781799840558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites Book Review:

Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals and composites using laser energy, direct energy deposition, electron beam methods, and wire arc melting have recently gained importance due to their advantages in fabricating the complex structure. Today, it has become possible to reliably manufacture dense parts with certain AM processes for many materials, including steels, aluminum and titanium alloys, superalloys, metal-based composites, and ceramic matrix composites. In the near future, the AM material variety will most likely grow further, with high-performance materials such as intermetallic compounds and high entropy alloys already under investigation. Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on advancing methods and technological developments within additive manufacturing practices. Special attention is paid to the material design of additive manufacturing of parts, the choice of feedstock materials, the metallurgical behavior and synthesis principle during the manufacturing process, and the resulted microstructures and properties, as well as the relationship between these factors. While highlighting topics such as numerical modeling, intermetallic compounds, and statistical techniques, this publication is ideally designed for students, engineers, researchers, manufacturers, technologists, academicians, practitioners, scholars, and educators.

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling
Author: Yan Wang,David L. McDowell
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 900
Release: 2020-03-12
ISBN 10: 0081029411
ISBN 13: 9780081029411
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling Book Review:

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling provides a complete overview of uncertainty quantification (UQ) in computational materials science. It provides practical tools and methods along with examples of their application to problems in materials modeling. UQ methods are applied to various multiscale models ranging from the nanoscale to macroscale. This book presents a thorough synthesis of the state-of-the-art in UQ methods for materials modeling, including Bayesian inference, surrogate modeling, random fields, interval analysis, and sensitivity analysis, providing insight into the unique characteristics of models framed at each scale, as well as common issues in modeling across scales.

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites
Author: Balasubramanian, K.R.,Senthilkumar, V.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2020-06-19
ISBN 10: 1799840557
ISBN 13: 9781799840558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites Book Review:

Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals and composites using laser energy, direct energy deposition, electron beam methods, and wire arc melting have recently gained importance due to their advantages in fabricating the complex structure. Today, it has become possible to reliably manufacture dense parts with certain AM processes for many materials, including steels, aluminum and titanium alloys, superalloys, metal-based composites, and ceramic matrix composites. In the near future, the AM material variety will most likely grow further, with high-performance materials such as intermetallic compounds and high entropy alloys already under investigation. Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on advancing methods and technological developments within additive manufacturing practices. Special attention is paid to the material design of additive manufacturing of parts, the choice of feedstock materials, the metallurgical behavior and synthesis principle during the manufacturing process, and the resulted microstructures and properties, as well as the relationship between these factors. While highlighting topics such as numerical modeling, intermetallic compounds, and statistical techniques, this publication is ideally designed for students, engineers, researchers, manufacturers, technologists, academicians, practitioners, scholars, and educators.

Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals

Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals
Author: Igor Yadroitsev,Ina Yadroitsava,Anton du Plessis,Eric MacDonald
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-06-01
ISBN 10: 0128240911
ISBN 13: 9780128240915
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals Book Review:

Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals provides new users and students in the additive manufacturing field the fundamentals on laser powder bed fusion of metals—the most widely used form of this advanced technology. Current best practices are discussed in detail, including technology limitations and challenges. Covering the latest advancements in the field, this book serves as a useful reference for senior researchers and engineers in industry. After years of research and development of this manufacturing technique, we are now at the brink of a new era in additive manufacturing, which supports the 4th industrial revolution. Laser powder bed fusion of metals is a technology that makes use of a laser beam to selectively melt a powder layer and build a 3D part directly in metal. This is a revolutionary and disruptive manufacturing technology, which is reaching maturity and opening great opportunities for new designs and production of complex functional end-use products with excellent properties and even mission-critical components. Presents laser process bed fusion fundamentals, as well as their inherent challenges Provides an up-to-date summary of this advancing technology and its potential Provides a comprehensive textbook for universities, as well as an introductory reference for individuals in industry who are starting in this dynamic field

Additive Manufacturing of Metallic Materials with Controlled Microstructures

Additive Manufacturing of Metallic Materials with Controlled Microstructures
Author: Zackery B. McClelland
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2019
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1110109258
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing of Metallic Materials with Controlled Microstructures Book Review:

Predictive Theoretical and Computational Approaches for Additive Manufacturing

Predictive Theoretical and Computational Approaches for Additive Manufacturing
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on International Scientific Organizations,U.S. National Committee on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2016-12-21
ISBN 10: 0309449758
ISBN 13: 9780309449755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Predictive Theoretical and Computational Approaches for Additive Manufacturing Book Review:

Additive manufacturing (AM) methods have great potential for promoting transformative research in many fields across the vast spectrum of engineering and materials science. AM is one of the leading forms of advanced manufacturing which enables direct computer-aided design (CAD) to part production without part-specific tooling. In October 2015 the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop of experts from diverse communities to examine predictive theoretical and computational approaches for various AM technologies. While experimental workshops in AM have been held in the past, this workshop uniquely focused on theoretical and computational approaches and involved areas such as simulation-based engineering and science, integrated computational materials engineering, mechanics, materials science, manufacturing processes, and other specialized areas. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Thermo Mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing

Thermo Mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing
Author: Michael Gouge,Pan Michaleris
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2017-08-03
ISBN 10: 0128118210
ISBN 13: 9780128118214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermo Mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing Book Review:

Thermo-mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing provides the background, methodology and description of modeling techniques to enable the reader to perform their own accurate and reliable simulations of any additive process. Part I provides an in depth introduction to the fundamentals of additive manufacturing modeling, a description of adaptive mesh strategies, a thorough description of thermal losses and a discussion of residual stress and distortion. Part II applies the engineering fundamentals to direct energy deposition processes including laser cladding, LENS builds, large electron beam parts and an exploration of residual stress and deformation mitigation strategies. Part III concerns the thermo-mechanical modeling of powder bed processes with a description of the heat input model, classical thermo-mechanical modeling, and part scale modeling. The book serves as an essential reference for engineers and technicians in both industry and academia, performing both research and full-scale production. Additive manufacturing processes are revolutionizing production throughout industry. These technologies enable the cost-effective manufacture of small lot parts, rapid repair of damaged components and construction of previously impossible-to-produce geometries. However, the large thermal gradients inherent in these processes incur large residual stresses and mechanical distortion, which can push the finished component out of engineering tolerance. Costly trial-and-error methods are commonly used for failure mitigation. Finite element modeling provides a compelling alternative, allowing for the prediction of residual stresses and distortion, and thus a tool to investigate methods of failure mitigation prior to building. Provides understanding of important components in the finite element modeling of additive manufacturing processes necessary to obtain accurate results Offers a deeper understanding of how the thermal gradients inherent in additive manufacturing induce distortion and residual stresses, and how to mitigate these undesirable phenomena Includes a set of strategies for the modeler to improve computational efficiency when simulating various additive manufacturing processes Serves as an essential reference for engineers and technicians in both industry and academia

Design for Additive Manufacturing

Design for Additive Manufacturing
Author: Martin Leary
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2019-12-03
ISBN 10: 0128168870
ISBN 13: 9780128168875
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design for Additive Manufacturing Book Review:

Design for Additive Manufacturing is a complete guide to design tools for the manufacturing requirements of AM and how they can enable the optimization of process and product parameters for the reduction of manufacturing costs and effort. This timely synopsis of state-of-the-art design tools for AM brings the reader right up-to-date on the latest methods from both academia and industry. Tools for both metallic and polymeric AM technologies are presented and critically reviewed, along with their manufacturing attributes. Commercial applications of AM are also explained with case studies from a range of industries, thus demonstrating best-practice in AM design. Covers all the commonly used tools for designing for additive manufacturing, as well as descriptions of important emerging technologies Provides systematic methods for optimizing AM process selection for specific production requirement Addresses design tools for both metallic and polymeric AM technologies Includes commercially relevant case studies that showcase best-practice in AM design, including the biomedical, aerospace, defense and automotive sectors

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author: Wim Van Paepegem
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 764
Release: 2020-11-25
ISBN 10: 0128189851
ISBN 13: 9780128189856
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book Review:

Multi-scale modelling of composites is a very relevant topic in composites science. This is illustrated by the numerous sessions in the recent European and International Conferences on Composite Materials, but also by the fast developments in multi-scale modelling software tools, developed by large industrial players such as Siemens (Virtual Material Characterization toolkit and MultiMechanics virtual testing software), MSC/e-Xstream (Digimat software), Simulia (micromechanics plug-in in Abaqus), HyperSizer (Multi-scale design of composites), Altair (Altair Multiscale Designer) This book is intended to be an ideal reference on the latest advances in multi-scale modelling of fibre-reinforced polymer composites, that is accessible for both (young) researchers and end users of modelling software. We target three main groups: This book aims at a complete introduction and overview of the state-of-the-art in multi-scale modelling of composites in three axes: • ranging from prediction of homogenized elastic properties to nonlinear material behaviour • ranging from geometrical models for random packing of unidirectional fibres over meso-scale geometries for textile composites to orientation tensors for short fibre composites • ranging from damage modelling of unidirectionally reinforced composites over textile composites to short fibre-reinforced composites The book covers the three most important scales in multi-scale modelling of composites: (i) micro-scale, (ii) meso-scale and (iii) macro-scale. The nano-scale and related atomistic and molecular modelling approaches are deliberately excluded, since the book wants to focus on continuum mechanics and there are already a lot of dedicated books about polymer nanocomposites. A strong focus is put on physics-based damage modelling, in the sense that the chapters devote attention to modelling the different damage mechanisms (matrix cracking, fibre/matrix debonding, delamination, fibre fracture,...) in such a way that the underlying physics of the initiation and growth of these damage modes is respected. The book also gives room to not only discuss the finite element based approaches for multi-scale modelling, but also much faster methods that are popular in industrial software, such as Mean Field Homogenization methods (based on Mori-Tanaka and Eshelby solutions) and variational methods (shear lag theory and more advanced theories). Since the book targets a wide audience, the focus is put on the most common numerical approaches that are used in multi-scale modelling. Very specialized numerical methods like peridynamics modelling, Material Point Method, eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), isogeometric analysis, SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics),... are excluded. Outline of the book The book is divided in three large parts, well balanced with each a similar number of chapters:

Additive Manufacturing Materials Processes Quantifications and Applications

Additive Manufacturing  Materials  Processes  Quantifications and Applications
Author: Jing Zhang,Yeon-Gil Jung
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2018-05-17
ISBN 10: 0128123273
ISBN 13: 9780128123270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Materials Processes Quantifications and Applications Book Review:

Additive Manufacturing: Materials, Processes, Quantifications and Applications is designed to explain the engineering aspects and physical principles of available AM technologies and their most relevant applications. It begins with a review of the recent developments in this technology and then progresses to a discussion of the criteria needed to successfully select an AM technology for the embodiment of a particular design, discussing material compatibility, interfaces issues and strength requirements. The book concludes with a review of the applications in various industries, including bio, energy, aerospace and electronics. This book will be a must read for those interested in a practical, comprehensive introduction to additive manufacturing, an area with tremendous potential for producing high-value, complex, individually customized parts. As 3D printing technology advances, both in hardware and software, together with reduced materials cost and complexity of creating 3D printed items, these applications are quickly expanding into the mass market. Includes a discussion of the historical development and physical principles of current AM technologies Exposes readers to the engineering principles for evaluating and quantifying AM technologies Explores the uses of Additive Manufacturing in various industries, most notably aerospace, medical, energy and electronics

Structural Integrity of Additive Manufactured Parts

Structural Integrity of Additive Manufactured Parts
Author: Nima Shamsaei
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 9780803176867
ISBN 13: 0803176864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Integrity of Additive Manufactured Parts Book Review:

"This compilation of Selected Technical Papers, STP1620, Structural Integrity of Additive Manufactured Parts, contains peer-reviewed papers that were presented at a symposium held November 6-8, 2018, in Washington, DC, USA. The symposium was sponsored by ASTM International Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies, with co-sponsorship from Committees E08 on Fatigue and Fracture and E07 on Nondestructive Testing"--

Additive Manufacturing of Metals The Technology Materials Design and Production

Additive Manufacturing of Metals  The Technology  Materials  Design and Production
Author: Li Yang,Keng Hsu,Brian Baughman,Donald Godfrey,Francisco Medina,Mamballykalathil Menon,Soeren Wiener
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2017-05-11
ISBN 10: 3319551280
ISBN 13: 9783319551289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing of Metals The Technology Materials Design and Production Book Review:

This book offers a unique guide to the three-dimensional (3D) printing of metals. It covers various aspects of additive, subtractive, and joining processes used to form three-dimensional parts with applications ranging from prototyping to production. Examining a variety of manufacturing technologies and their ability to produce both prototypes and functional production-quality parts, the individual chapters address metal components and discuss some of the important research challenges associated with the use of these technologies. As well as exploring the latest technologies currently under development, the book features unique sections on electron beam melting technology, material lifting, and the importance this science has in the engineering context. Presenting unique real-life case studies from industry, this book is also the first to offer the perspective of engineers who work in the field of aerospace and transportation systems, and who design components and manufacturing networks. Written by the leading experts in this field at universities and in industry, it provides a comprehensive textbook for students and an invaluable guide for practitioners

Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing

Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing
Author: Catalin I. Pruncu,Jun Jiang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-04-21
ISBN 10: 352782524X
ISBN 13: 9783527825240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing Book Review:

Discover the state-of-the-art in multiscale modeling and optimization in manufacturing from two leading voices in the field Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing delivers a comprehensive approach to various manufacturing processes and shows readers how multiscale modeling and optimization processes help improve upon them. The book elaborates on the foundations and applications of computational modeling and optimization processes, as well as recent developments in the field. It offers discussions of manufacturing processes, including forming, machining, casting, joining, coating, and additive manufacturing, and how computer simulations have influenced their development. Examples for each category of manufacturing are provided in the text, and industrial applications are described for the reader. The distinguished authors also provide an insightful perspective on likely future trends and developments in manufacturing modeling and optimization, including the use of large materials databases and machine learning. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the origins of manufacturing, the history of traditional and advanced manufacturing, and recent progress in manufacturing An exploration of advanced manufacturing and the environmental impact and significance of manufacturing Practical discussions of the economic importance of advanced manufacturing An examination of the sustainability of advanced manufacturing, and developing and future trends in manufacturing Perfect for materials scientists, mechanical engineers, and process engineers, Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing will also earn a place in the libraries of engineering scientists in industries seeking a one-stop reference on multiscale modeling and optimization in manufacturing.

Laser Additive Manufacturing

Laser Additive Manufacturing
Author: Milan Brandt
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2016-09-01
ISBN 10: 0081004346
ISBN 13: 9780081004340
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Additive Manufacturing Book Review:

Laser Additive Manufacturing: Materials, Design, Technologies, and Applications provides the latest information on this highly efficient method of layer-based manufacturing using metals, plastics, or composite materials. The technology is particularly suitable for the production of complex components with high precision for a range of industries, including aerospace, automotive, and medical engineering. This book provides a comprehensive review of the technology and its range of applications. Part One looks at materials suitable for laser AM processes, with Part Two discussing design strategies for AM. Parts Three and Four review the most widely-used AM technique, powder bed fusion (PBF) and discuss other AM techniques, such as directed energy deposition, sheet lamination, jetting techniques, extrusion techniques, and vat photopolymerization. The final section explores the range of applications of laser AM. Provides a comprehensive one-volume overview of advances in laser additive manufacturing Presents detailed coverage of the latest techniques used for laser additive manufacturing Reviews both established and emerging areas of application

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods
Author: Franz Roters,Philip Eisenlohr,Thomas R. Bieler,Dierk Raabe
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2011-08-04
ISBN 10: 3527642099
ISBN 13: 9783527642090
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods Book Review:

Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Science Technology and Applications of Metals in Additive Manufacturing

Science  Technology and Applications of Metals in Additive Manufacturing
Author: Bhaskar Dutta,Sudarsanam Babu,Bradley H. Jared
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2019-08-15
ISBN 10: 0128166436
ISBN 13: 9780128166437
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science Technology and Applications of Metals in Additive Manufacturing Book Review:

Science, Technology and Applications of Metal Additive Manufacturing provides a holistic picture of metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) that encompasses the science, technology and applications for the use of metal AM. Users will find design aspects, various metal AM technologies commercially available, a focus on merits and demerits, implications for qualification and certification, applications, cost modeling of AM, and future directions. This book serves as an educational guide, providing a holistic picture of metal AM that encompasses science, technology and applications for the real-life use of metal AM. Includes an overall understanding of metal additive manufacturing, Including steps involved (process flow) Discusses available commercial metal AM technologies and their relative strengths and weaknesses Reviews the process of qualification of AM parts, various applications, cost modeling, and the future directions of metal AM