Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2019-05-29
ISBN 10: 0128127430
ISBN 13: 9780128127438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments Book Review:

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments, Second Edition examines ecosystems at the most extreme habitats and their interaction with the environment, providing a key element in our understanding of the role and function of microorganisms in nature. The book highlights current topics in the field, such as biodiversity and the structure of microbial communities in extreme environments, the effects of extreme environmental conditions on microbial ecosystems, and ecological and evolutionary interactions in extreme environments, among other topics. It will be a valuable text for faculty and students working with extremophiles and/or microbial ecology and researchers, including astrobiologists, biologists, evolutionary scientists, astronomers, geochemists and oceanographers. Explores, in detail, how microbial ecosystems thrive in extreme environments Highlights the relevance of extremophiles as model ecosystems to the study of microbial ecology Examines how extreme ecosystems can help our search for life on other planets

Large Scale Ecology Model Systems to Global Perspectives

Large Scale Ecology  Model Systems to Global Perspectives
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2016-10-05
ISBN 10: 0128110953
ISBN 13: 9780128110959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Large Scale Ecology Model Systems to Global Perspectives Book Review:

Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. This thematic volume focuses on large scale ecology, publishing important reviews that contribute to our understanding of the field. Presents the most updated information on the field of large scale ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals

Fungi in Extreme Environments Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance

Fungi in Extreme Environments  Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance
Author: Sonia M. Tiquia-Arashiro,Martin Grube
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2019-07-22
ISBN 10: 3030190307
ISBN 13: 9783030190309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fungi in Extreme Environments Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance Book Review:

Over the last decades, scientists have been intrigued by the fascinating organisms that inhabit extreme environments. These organisms, known as extremophiles, thrive in habitats which for other terrestrial life-forms are intolerably hostile or even lethal. Based on such technological advances, the study of extremophiles has provided, over the last few years, ground-breaking discoveries that challenge the paradigms of modern biology. In the new bioeconomy, fungi in general, play a very important role in addressing major global challenges, being instrumental for improved resource efficiency, making renewable substitutes for products from fossil resources, upgrading waste streams to valuable food and feed ingredients, counteracting life-style diseases and antibiotic resistance through strengthening the gut biota, making crop plants more robust to survive climate change conditions, and functioning as host organisms for production of new biological drugs. This range of new uses of fungi all stand on the shoulders of the efforts of mycologists over generations. The book is organized in five parts: (I) Biodiversity, Ecology, Genetics and Physiology of Extremophilic Fungi, (II) Biosynthesis of Novel Biomolecules and Extremozymes (III) Bioenergy and Biofuel synthesis, and (IV) Wastewater and biosolids treatment, and (V) Bioremediation.

The Ecological Role of Micro organisms in the Antarctic Environment

The Ecological Role of Micro organisms in the Antarctic Environment
Author: Susana Castro-Sowinski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2019-01-11
ISBN 10: 3030027864
ISBN 13: 9783030027865
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ecological Role of Micro organisms in the Antarctic Environment Book Review:

This book provides up-to-date multidisciplinary information regarding microbial physiological groups in terms of their role in the Antarctic ecology. How do microorganisms shape the Antarctic environment? The book presents a thorough overview of the most important physiological microbial groups or microbial systems that shape the Antarctic environment. Each microbial model is described in terms of their physiology and metabolism, and their role in the Antarctic environmental sustainability. The individual chapters prepare readers for understanding the relevance of the microbial models from both an historical perspective, and considering the latest developments. This book will appeal to researchers and teachers interested in the Antarctic science, but also to students who want to understand the role of microbes in the ecology of extreme environments.

Serpentine

Serpentine
Author: Susan Harrison,Nishanta Rajakaruna
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2011-02-02
ISBN 10: 0520948459
ISBN 13: 9780520948457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Serpentine Book Review:

Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This volume focuses on what scientists have learned about major questions in earth history, evolution, ecology, conservation, and restoration from the study of serpentine areas, especially in California. Results from molecular studies offer insight into evolutionary patterns, while new ecological research examines both species and communities. Serpentine highlights research whose breadth provides context and fresh insights into the evolution and ecology of stressful environments.

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems
Author: S.E. Jorgensen,Y.M. Svirezhev,I︠U︡. M. Svirezhev,Yuri M. Svirezhev
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2004-07-20
ISBN 10: 9780080441672
ISBN 13: 008044167X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems Book Review:

The book presents a consistent and complete ecosystem theory based on thermodynamic concepts. The first chapters are devoted to an interpretation of the first and second law of thermodynamics in ecosystem context. Then Prigogine's use of far from equilibrium thermodynamic is used on ecosystems to explain their reactions to perturbations. The introduction of the concept exergy makes it possible to give a more profound and comprehensive explanation of the ecosystem's reactions and growth-patterns. A tentative fourth law of thermodynamic is formulated and applied to facilitate these explanations. The trophic chain, the global energy and radiation balance and pattern and the reactions of ecological networks are all explained by the use of exergy. Finally, it is discussed how the presented theory can be applied more widely to explain ecological observations and rules, to assess ecosystem health and to develop ecological models.

Extremophiles and Extreme Environments

Extremophiles and Extreme Environments
Author: Pabulo H. Rampelotto
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2018-10-01
ISBN 10: 3038421774
ISBN 13: 9783038421771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extremophiles and Extreme Environments Book Review:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Extremophiles and Extreme Environments" that was published in Life

Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts

Ecological Society of America     Annual Meeting Abstracts
Author: Ecological Society of America. Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105122120590
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts Book Review:

Polyextremophiles

Polyextremophiles
Author: Joseph Seckbach,Aharon Oren,Helga Stan-Lotter
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 634
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN 10: 940076488X
ISBN 13: 9789400764880
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polyextremophiles Book Review:

Many Microorganisms and some macro-organisms can live under extreme conditions. For example, high and low temperature, acidic and alkaline conditions, high salt areas, high pressure, toxic compounds, high level of ionizing radiation, anoxia and absence of light, etc. Many organisms inhabit environments characterized by more than one form of stress (Polyextremophiles). Among them are those who live in hypersaline and alkaline, hot and acidic, cold/hot and high hydrostatic pressure, etc. Polyextremophiles found in desert regions have to copy with intense UV irradiation and desiccation, high as well as low temperatures, and low availability of water and nutrients. This book provides novel results of application to polyextremophiles research ranging from nanotechnology to synthetic biology to the origin of life and beyond.

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles
Author: Richa Salwan,Vivek Sharma
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2020-06-04
ISBN 10: 0128183233
ISBN 13: 9780128183236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles Book Review:

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles highlights the current and topical areas of research in this rapidly growing field. Expert authors from around the world provide the latest insights into the mechanisms of these fascinating organisms use to survive. The vast majority of extremophiles are microbes which include archaea, bacteria and some eukaryotes. These microbes live under chemical and physical extremes that are usually lethal to cellular molecules, yet they manage to survive and even thrive. Extremophiles have important practical uses. They are a valuable source of industrially important enzymes and recent research has revealed novel mechanisms and biomolecular structures with a broad range of potential applications in biotechnology, biomining, and bioremediation. Aimed at research scientists, students, microbiologists, and biotechnologists, this book is an essential reading for scientists working with extremophiles and a recommended reference text for anyone interested in the microbiology, bioprospecting, biomining, biofuels, and extremozymes of these organisms. Shows the implications of the physiological adaptations of microbes from extreme habitats that are largely contributed by their biomolecules from basic to applied research Provides in-depth knowledge of genomic plasticity and proteome of different extremophiles Gives detailed and comprehensive insight about use of genetic engineering as well as genome editing for industrial applications

Species and Communities in Extreme Environments

Species and Communities in Extreme Environments
Author: Serguei Ilich Golovatch
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2009
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105124166443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Species and Communities in Extreme Environments Book Review:

Papers on yeast, myxomicetes, soil microfungi, mosses, higher plants, nematodes, oribatid mites, millipedes, spiders, collembolans, ants, beetles, butterflies, and birds of the polar and adjacent regions.

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments
Author: Hongchen Jiang,Wen-Jun Li,Nils-Kaare Birkeland,Dilfuza Egamberdieva
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-05-17
ISBN 10: 2889458350
ISBN 13: 9782889458356
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments Book Review:

The eBook is the product of a partnership between the Norwegian Eurasia Program and the China Silk Road Program. At the present, our knowledge on microbiology and biogeochemistry from Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems is limited. Such information is essential to the field and contributes to a comprehensive understanding of microbial metabolic pathways and functions involved in biogeochemical processes in extreme ecosystems. This eBook includes a series of recent progress in microbial diversity, ecological functions, and biogeochemistry in Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems with the use of next generation sequencing, omics technologies and interdisciplinary collaboration. We hope that this eBook would serve as a model for international cooperation and as a source of inspiration for more achievements in Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems in the future. The complete list of authors and co-authors includes 68 highly-qualified specialists from 9 countries. All chapters in the eBook were edited by authoritative experts. We would like to emphasize the great goodwill, esteem and cooperation extended to each other among the authors, reviewers and editors who contributed to the successful completion of this eBook.

Concepts of Biology

Concepts of Biology
Author: Samantha Fowler,Rebecca Roush,James Wise
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 618
Release: 2018-01-07
ISBN 10: 9789888407453
ISBN 13: 9888407457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts of Biology Book Review:

Concepts of Biology is designed for the single-semester introduction to biology course for non-science majors, which for many students is their only college-level science course. As such, this course represents an important opportunity for students to develop the necessary knowledge, tools, and skills to make informed decisions as they continue with their lives. Rather than being mired down with facts and vocabulary, the typical non-science major student needs information presented in a way that is easy to read and understand. Even more importantly, the content should be meaningful. Students do much better when they understand why biology is relevant to their everyday lives. For these reasons, Concepts of Biology is grounded on an evolutionary basis and includes exciting features that highlight careers in the biological sciences and everyday applications of the concepts at hand.We also strive to show the interconnectedness of topics within this extremely broad discipline. In order to meet the needs of today's instructors and students, we maintain the overall organization and coverage found in most syllabi for this course. A strength of Concepts of Biology is that instructors can customize the book, adapting it to the approach that works best in their classroom. Concepts of Biology also includes an innovative art program that incorporates critical thinking and clicker questions to help students understand--and apply--key concepts.

Ecological Models and Data in R

Ecological Models and Data in R
Author: Benjamin M. Bolker
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2008-07-21
ISBN 10: 0691125228
ISBN 13: 9780691125220
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecological Models and Data in R Book Review:

Introduction and background; Exploratory data analysis and graphics; Deterministic functions for ecological modeling; Probability and stochastic distributions for ecological modeling; Stochatsic simulation and power analysis; Likelihood and all that; Optimization and all that; Likelihood examples; Standar statistics revisited; Modeling variance; Dynamic models.

Biodiversity in Ecosystems

Biodiversity in Ecosystems
Author: Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo,Shovonlal Roy
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2015-04-17
ISBN 10: 953512028X
ISBN 13: 9789535120285
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity in Ecosystems Book Review:

The term biodiversity has become a mainstream concept that can be found in any newspaper at any given time. Concerns on biodiversity protection are usually linked to species protection and extinction risks for iconic species, such as whales, pandas and so on. However, conserving biodiversity has much deeper implications than preserving a few (although important) species. Biodiversity in ecosystems is tightly linked to ecosystem functions such as biomass production, organic matter decomposition, ecosystem resilience, and others. Many of these ecological processes are also directly implied in services that the humankind obtains from ecosystems. The first part of this book will introduce different concepts and theories important to understand the links between ecosystem function and ecosystem biodiversity. The second part of the book provides a wide range of different studies showcasing the evidence and practical implications of such relationships.

Scientific Foundations for the Simulation of Ecosystem Function and Management in FORCYTE 11

Scientific Foundations for the Simulation of Ecosystem Function and Management in FORCYTE 11
Author: J. P. Kimmins,Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)
Publsiher: Forestry Canada, Northern Forestry Centre
Total Pages: 88
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924084888803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific Foundations for the Simulation of Ecosystem Function and Management in FORCYTE 11 Book Review:

The FORCYTE-11 (FORest nutrient Cycling and Yield Trend Evaluator) forest simulation model combines the traditional historical bioassay modeling approach with process-based simulation modeling. It provides a method of predicting future forest biomass yield under a variety of management conditions. The hybrid simulation approach to modeling the management and long-term productivity of forested ecosystems is reviewed, and the representation of production ecology, succession, and various nutrient transfer pathways in FORCYTE-11 are described. The key driving function in the model (foliage nitrogen efficiency), the concept of site quality, and the simulation of site quality change that is used in the model are discussed. The importance of an accurate definition of the state of the simulated ecosystem at the start of a run is emphasized, and the use of the ECOSTATE (STATE of the ECOsystem, as generated by FORCYTE-11) file in this process is described. Examples of how FORCYTE-11 can simulate secondary succession and the impacts of forest management on ecosystem form and function are given. There is a brief review of the limitations of the FORCYTE-11 modeling approach.

Oxford Bibliographies

Oxford Bibliographies
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:949776769
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Bibliographies Book Review:

The Social Biology of Microbial Communities

The Social Biology of Microbial Communities
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2013-01-10
ISBN 10: 0309264324
ISBN 13: 9780309264327
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Social Biology of Microbial Communities Book Review:

Beginning with the germ theory of disease in the 19th century and extending through most of the 20th century, microbes were believed to live their lives as solitary, unicellular, disease-causing organisms . This perception stemmed from the focus of most investigators on organisms that could be grown in the laboratory as cellular monocultures, often dispersed in liquid, and under ambient conditions of temperature, lighting, and humidity. Most such inquiries were designed to identify microbial pathogens by satisfying Koch's postulates.3 This pathogen-centric approach to the study of microorganisms produced a metaphorical "war" against these microbial invaders waged with antibiotic therapies, while simultaneously obscuring the dynamic relationships that exist among and between host organisms and their associated microorganisms-only a tiny fraction of which act as pathogens. Despite their obvious importance, very little is actually known about the processes and factors that influence the assembly, function, and stability of microbial communities. Gaining this knowledge will require a seismic shift away from the study of individual microbes in isolation to inquiries into the nature of diverse and often complex microbial communities, the forces that shape them, and their relationships with other communities and organisms, including their multicellular hosts. On March 6 and 7, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop to explore the emerging science of the "social biology" of microbial communities. Workshop presentations and discussions embraced a wide spectrum of topics, experimental systems, and theoretical perspectives representative of the current, multifaceted exploration of the microbial frontier. Participants discussed ecological, evolutionary, and genetic factors contributing to the assembly, function, and stability of microbial communities; how microbial communities adapt and respond to environmental stimuli; theoretical and experimental approaches to advance this nascent field; and potential applications of knowledge gained from the study of microbial communities for the improvement of human, animal, plant, and ecosystem health and toward a deeper understanding of microbial diversity and evolution. The Social Biology of Microbial Communities: Workshop Summary further explains the happenings of the workshop.

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology
Author: Levente Hufnagel
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN 10: 1789237386
ISBN 13: 9781789237382
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology Book Review:

The aim of Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of research of this important and interesting multidisciplinary area. Ecosystem services as a concept plays a key role in solving global environmental and human ecological crises and associated other problems, especially today when the sixth major extinction event of the history of the biosphere is in progress, and humanity can easily become a victim of it. Human activity is rapidly transforming the surface of the Earth, its biosphere, atmosphere, soil, and water resources. Ecological processes happen over a long time scale, thus damage caused by human activity will be perceptible after decades or even centuries. We hope that our book will be interesting and useful for researchers, lecturers, students, and anyone interested in this field.

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation A Review

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation  A Review
Author: David Kaimowitz,Arild Angelsen
Publsiher: CIFOR
Total Pages: 139
Release: 1998-01-01
ISBN 10: 979876417X
ISBN 13: 9789798764172
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation A Review Book Review:

Types of economic deforestation models. Household and firm-level models. Regional-level models. National and macro-level models. Priority areas for future research.