Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2019-05-29
ISBN 10: 0128127430
ISBN 13: 9780128127438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments Book Review:

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments, Second Edition examines ecosystems at the most extreme habitats and their interaction with the environment, providing a key element in our understanding of the role and function of microorganisms in nature. The book highlights current topics in the field, such as biodiversity and the structure of microbial communities in extreme environments, the effects of extreme environmental conditions on microbial ecosystems, and ecological and evolutionary interactions in extreme environments, among other topics. It will be a valuable text for faculty and students working with extremophiles and/or microbial ecology and researchers, including astrobiologists, biologists, evolutionary scientists, astronomers, geochemists and oceanographers. Explores, in detail, how microbial ecosystems thrive in extreme environments Highlights the relevance of extremophiles as model ecosystems to the study of microbial ecology Examines how extreme ecosystems can help our search for life on other planets

Antarctic Ecosystems

Antarctic Ecosystems
Author: Alex D. Rogers,Nadine M. Johnston,Eugene J. Murphy,Andrew Clarke
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2012-02-28
ISBN 10: 1444347225
ISBN 13: 9781444347227
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antarctic Ecosystems Book Review:

Since its discovery Antarctica has held a deep fascination for biologists. Extreme environmental conditions, seasonality and isolation have lead to some of the most striking examples of natural selection and adaptation on Earth. Paradoxically, some of these adaptations may pose constraints on the ability of the Antarctic biota to respond to climate change. Parts of Antarctica are showing some of the largest changes in temperature and other environmental conditions in the world. In this volume, published in association with the Royal Society, leading polar scientists present a synthesis of the latest research on the biological systems in Antarctica, covering organisms from microbes to vertebrate higher predators. This book comes at a time when new technologies and approaches allow the implications of climate change and other direct human impacts on Antarctica to be viewed at a range of scales; across entire regions, whole ecosystems and down to the level of species and variation within their genomes. Chapters address both Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the scientific and management challenges of the future are explored.

Fungi in Extreme Environments Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance

Fungi in Extreme Environments  Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance
Author: Sonia M. Tiquia-Arashiro,Martin Grube
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2019-07-22
ISBN 10: 3030190307
ISBN 13: 9783030190309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fungi in Extreme Environments Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance Book Review:

Over the last decades, scientists have been intrigued by the fascinating organisms that inhabit extreme environments. These organisms, known as extremophiles, thrive in habitats which for other terrestrial life-forms are intolerably hostile or even lethal. Based on such technological advances, the study of extremophiles has provided, over the last few years, ground-breaking discoveries that challenge the paradigms of modern biology. In the new bioeconomy, fungi in general, play a very important role in addressing major global challenges, being instrumental for improved resource efficiency, making renewable substitutes for products from fossil resources, upgrading waste streams to valuable food and feed ingredients, counteracting life-style diseases and antibiotic resistance through strengthening the gut biota, making crop plants more robust to survive climate change conditions, and functioning as host organisms for production of new biological drugs. This range of new uses of fungi all stand on the shoulders of the efforts of mycologists over generations. The book is organized in five parts: (I) Biodiversity, Ecology, Genetics and Physiology of Extremophilic Fungi, (II) Biosynthesis of Novel Biomolecules and Extremozymes (III) Bioenergy and Biofuel synthesis, and (IV) Wastewater and biosolids treatment, and (V) Bioremediation.

Life in Extreme Environments

Life in Extreme Environments
Author: Guido di Prisco,Howell G. M. Edwards,Josef Elster,Ad H. L. Huiskes
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2020-10-15
ISBN 10: 1108498566
ISBN 13: 9781108498562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life in Extreme Environments Book Review:

A diverse account of how life exists in extreme environments and these systems' susceptibility and resilience to climate change.

Extremophile as Astrobiological Models

Extremophile as Astrobiological Models
Author: Joseph Seckbach,Helga Stan-Lotter
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2021-01-13
ISBN 10: 1119591686
ISBN 13: 9781119591689
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extremophile as Astrobiological Models Book Review:

The data in this book are new or updated, and will serve also as Origin of Life and evolutionary studies. Endospores of bacteria have a long history of use as model organisms in astrobiology, including survival in extreme environments and interplanetary transfer of life. Numerous other bacteria as well as archaea, lichens, fungi, algae and tiny animals (tardigrades, or water bears) are now being investigated for their tolerance to extreme conditions in simulated or real space environments. Experimental results from exposure studies on the International Space Station and space probes for up to 1.5 years are presented and discussed. Suggestions for extaterrestrial energy sources are also indicated. Audience Researchers and graduate students in microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and astrobiology, as well as anyone interested in the search for extraterrestrial life and its technical preparations.

Large Scale Ecology Model Systems to Global Perspectives

Large Scale Ecology  Model Systems to Global Perspectives
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2016-10-05
ISBN 10: 0128110953
ISBN 13: 9780128110959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Large Scale Ecology Model Systems to Global Perspectives Book Review:

Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. This thematic volume focuses on large scale ecology, publishing important reviews that contribute to our understanding of the field. Presents the most updated information on the field of large scale ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals

Advances in Applied Microbiology

Advances in Applied Microbiology
Author: Geoffrey M. Gadd,Sima Sariaslani
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2020-09-16
ISBN 10: 0128207108
ISBN 13: 9780128207109
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Applied Microbiology Book Review:

Advances in Applied Microbiology, Volume 113, continues the comprehensive reach of this widely read and authoritative review source in microbiology. Users will find invaluable references and information on a variety of areas relating to the topic, with this release focusing on Gaps in the Assortment of Rapid Assays for Microorganisms of Interest to the Dairy Industry, Metal reduction and corrosion by bacterial biofilms, The microbiology of red brines, Clostridium thermocellum: a microbial platform for high-value chemical production from lignocellulose, and The zincophore system in pathogenic yeasts. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field of microbiology Includes discussions on the role of specific molecules in pathogen life stages, interactions, and much more

Mars Geological Enigmas

Mars Geological Enigmas
Author: Richard Soare,Susan Conway,Jean-Pierre Williams,Dorothy Oehler
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2021-05-23
ISBN 10: 0128202467
ISBN 13: 9780128202463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars Geological Enigmas Book Review:

Mars Geological Enigmas: From the Late Noachian Epoch to the Present Day presents outstanding questions on the geology of Mars and divergent viewpoints based on varying interpretations and analyses. The result is a robust and comprehensive discussion that provides opportunities for planetary scientists to develop their own opinions and ways forward. Each theme opens with an introduction that includes background on the topic and lays out questions to be addressed. Alternate perspectives are covered for each topic, including methods, observations, analyses, and in-depth discussion of the conclusions. Chapters within each theme reference each other to facilitate comparison and deeper understanding of divergent opinions. Offers a transchronological view of the geological history of Mars, addressing thematic questions from a broad temporal perspective Discusses outstanding questions on Mars from diverging perspectives Includes key questions and answers, as well as a look ahead to which puzzles remain to be solved

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments
Author: Caroline Chénard,Federico M. Lauro
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2017-03-15
ISBN 10: 3319516868
ISBN 13: 9783319516868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments Book Review:

This book explores microbial lifestyles, biochemical adaptations, and trophic interactions occurring in extreme environments. By summarizing the latest findings in the field it provides a valuable reference for future studies. Spark ideas for biotechnological and commercial exploitation of microbiomes at the extremes of life are presented. Chapters on viruses complement this highly informative book. In a vertical journey through the microbial biosphere it covers aspects of cold environments, hot environments, extreme saline environments, and extreme pressure environments, and more. From the deep sea, through polar deserts, up to the clouds in the air - the diversity of microbial life in all habitats is described, explored, and comprehensively reviewed. Possible biotechnical applications are discussed. This book aims to provide a useful reference for those who want to start a research program in extreme microbiology and, hopefully, inspire new research directions.

Great Salt Lake Biology

Great Salt Lake Biology
Author: Bonnie K. Baxter,Jaimi K. Butler
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 527
Release: 2020-07-03
ISBN 10: 3030403521
ISBN 13: 9783030403522
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Great Salt Lake Biology Book Review:

Great Salt Lake is an enormous terminal lake in the western United States. It is a highly productive ecosystem, which has global significance for millions of migrating birds who rely on this critical feeding station on their journey through the American west. For the human population in the adjacent metropolitan area, this body of water provides a significant economic resource as industries, such as brine shrimp harvesting and mineral extraction, generate jobs and income for the state of Utah. In addition, the lake provides the local population with ecosystem services, especially the creation of mountain snowpack that generates water supply, and the prevention of dust that may impair air quality. As a result of climate change and water diversions for consumptive uses, terminal lakes are shrinking worldwide, and this edited volume is written in this urgent context. This is the first book ever centered on Great Salt Lake biology. Current and novel data presented here paint a comprehensive picture, building on our past understanding and adding complexity. Together, the authors explore this saline lake from the microbial diversity to the invertebrates and the birds who eat them, along a dynamic salinity gradient with unique geochemistry. Some unusual perspectives are included, including the impact of tar seeps on the lake biology and why Great Salt Lake may help us search for life on Mars. Also, we consider the role of human perceptions and our effect on the biology of the lake. The editors made an effort to involve a diversity of experts on the Great Salt Lake system, but also to include unheard voices such as scientists at state agencies or non-profit advocacy organizations. This book is a timely discussion of a terminal lake that is significant, unique, and threatened.

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments
Author: Hongchen Jiang,Wen-Jun Li,Nils-Kaare Birkeland,Dilfuza Egamberdieva
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-05-17
ISBN 10: 2889458350
ISBN 13: 9782889458356
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments Book Review:

The eBook is the product of a partnership between the Norwegian Eurasia Program and the China Silk Road Program. At the present, our knowledge on microbiology and biogeochemistry from Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems is limited. Such information is essential to the field and contributes to a comprehensive understanding of microbial metabolic pathways and functions involved in biogeochemical processes in extreme ecosystems. This eBook includes a series of recent progress in microbial diversity, ecological functions, and biogeochemistry in Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems with the use of next generation sequencing, omics technologies and interdisciplinary collaboration. We hope that this eBook would serve as a model for international cooperation and as a source of inspiration for more achievements in Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems in the future. The complete list of authors and co-authors includes 68 highly-qualified specialists from 9 countries. All chapters in the eBook were edited by authoritative experts. We would like to emphasize the great goodwill, esteem and cooperation extended to each other among the authors, reviewers and editors who contributed to the successful completion of this eBook.

In Search of Mycotopia

In Search of Mycotopia
Author: Doug Bierend
Publsiher: Chelsea Green Publishing
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-03-10
ISBN 10: 1603589805
ISBN 13: 9781603589802
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Search of Mycotopia Book Review:

"The author’s sharp ear for dialogue imbues his word portraits with vivid detail. . . . Mushrooms are having a moment. [A] natural sequel for the many readers who enjoyed Merlin Sheldrake’s Entangled Life."—Library Journal "Comprehensive and enthusiastic . . . This fascinating, informative look into a unique subculture and the fungi at its center is a real treat." —Publishers Weekly "Nothing is impossible if you bring mushrooms into your life, and reading this book is a great way to begin your journey." —Tradd Cotter, author of Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation From ecology to fermentation, in pop culture and in medicine—mushrooms are everywhere. With an explorer’s eye, author Doug Bierend guides readers through the weird, wonderful world of fungi and the amazing modern mycological movement. In Search of Mycotopia introduces us to an incredible, essential, and oft-overlooked kingdom of life—fungi—and all the potential it holds for our future, through the work and research being done by an unforgettable community of mushroom-mad citizen scientists and microbe devotees. This entertaining and mind-expanding book will captivate readers who are curious about the hidden worlds and networks that make up our planet. Bierend uncovers a vanguard of mycologists; growers, independent researchers, ecologists, entrepreneurs, and amateur enthusiasts exploring and advocating for fungi’s capacity to improve and heal. From decontaminating landscapes and waterways to achieving food security, In Search of Mycotopia demonstrates how humans can work with fungi to better live with nature—and with one another.

Serpentine

Serpentine
Author: Susan Harrison,Nishanta Rajakaruna
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2011-02-02
ISBN 10: 0520948459
ISBN 13: 9780520948457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Serpentine Book Review:

Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This volume focuses on what scientists have learned about major questions in earth history, evolution, ecology, conservation, and restoration from the study of serpentine areas, especially in California. Results from molecular studies offer insight into evolutionary patterns, while new ecological research examines both species and communities. Serpentine highlights research whose breadth provides context and fresh insights into the evolution and ecology of stressful environments.

Planet Formation and Panspermia

Planet Formation and Panspermia
Author: Branislav Vukotic,Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-09-27
ISBN 10: 1119640938
ISBN 13: 9781119640936
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planet Formation and Panspermia Book Review:

An in-depth view of the panspermia hypothesis examined against the latest knowledge of planetary formation and related processes. Panspermia is the concept that life can be passively transported through space on various bodies and seed, habitable planets and moons, which we are beginning to learn may exist in large numbers. It is an old idea, but not popular with those who prefer that life on Earth started on Earth, an alternative, also unproven hypothesis. This book updates the concept of panspermia in the light of new evidence on planet formation, molecular clouds, solar system motions, supernovae ejection mechanisms, etc. Thus, it is to be a book about newly understood prospects for the movement of life through space. The novel approach presented in this book gives new insights into the panspermia theory and its connection with planetary formation and the evolution of galaxies. This offers a good starting point for future research proposals about exolife and a better perspective for empirical scrutiny of panspermia theory. Also, the key to understanding life in the universe is to understand that the planetary formation process is convolved with the evolution of stellar systems in their galactic environment. The book provides the synthesis of all these elements and gives the readers an up-to-date insight on how panspermia might fit into the big picture. Audience Given the intrinsic interdisciplinary nature of the panspermia hypothesis the book will have a wide audience across various scientific disciplines covering astronomy, biology, physics and chemistry. Apart from scientists, the book will appeal to engineers who are involved in planning and realization of future space missions.

Microbial Ecosystems in Central Andes Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecosystems in Central Andes Extreme Environments
Author: María Eugenia Farías
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2020-05-27
ISBN 10: 3030361926
ISBN 13: 9783030361921
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Ecosystems in Central Andes Extreme Environments Book Review:

The Central Andean Altiplane represents a unique extreme environment due to its high altitude, closed basins that modulate the salt pans and saline wetlands surrounded by deserts, as well as the considerable influence of volcanic activity. UV radiation, arsenic content, high salinity, alkalinity and low dissolved oxygen levels, together with extreme daily temperature fluctuations and oligotrophic conditions, shape an environment that resembles the early Earth and, even more, extraterrestrial conditions. By developing simple biofilms stratified microbial mats or complex microbialites, extreme microbial ecosystems, colonize and thrived in different environments like salt flats, wetlands, lakes volcano vents, geysers and deserts. This book presents our current understanding of these amazing ecosystems, providing a basis for their protection and sustainable utilization. The main audience for this book included researchers and graduate students as well as professionals working in the government, mining industry and similar activities.

Membrane based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Membrane based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment
Author: Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2021-05-27
ISBN 10: 0128241888
ISBN 13: 9780128241882
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book Review:

Membrane-Based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment analyzes and discusses the potential of membrane-based hybrid processes for the treatment of complex industrial wastewater, the recovery of valuable compounds, and water reutilization. In addition, recent and future trends in membrane technology are highlighted. Industrial wastewater contains a large variety of compounds, such as heavy metals, salts and nutrients, which makes its treatment challenging. Thus, the use of conventional water treatment methods is not always effective. Membrane-based hybrid processes have emerged as a promising technology to treat complex industrial wastewater. Discusses the properties, mechanisms, advantages, limitations and promising solutions of different types of membrane technologies Addresses the optimization of process parameters Describes the performance of different membranes Presents the potential of Nanotechnology to improve the treatment efficiency of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) Covers the application of membrane and membrane-based hybrid treatment technologies for wastewater treatment Includes forward osmosis, electrodialysis, and diffusion dialysis Considers hybrid membrane systems expanded to cover zero liquid discharge, salt recovery, and removal of trace contaminants

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon-252 Oil Spill on Ecosystem Services in the Gulf of Mexico
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2013-12-20
ISBN 10: 0309288487
ISBN 13: 9780309288484
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico Book Review:

As the Gulf of Mexico recovers from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, natural resource managers face the challenge of understanding the impacts of the spill and setting priorities for restoration work. The full value of losses resulting from the spill cannot be captured, however, without consideration of changes in ecosystem services--the benefits delivered to society through natural processes. An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico discusses the benefits and challenges associated with using an ecosystem services approach to damage assessment, describing potential impacts of response technologies, exploring the role of resilience, and offering suggestions for areas of future research. This report illustrates how this approach might be applied to coastal wetlands, fisheries, marine mammals, and the deep sea -- each of which provide key ecosystem services in the Gulf -- and identifies substantial differences among these case studies. The report also discusses the suite of technologies used in the spill response, including burning, skimming, and chemical dispersants, and their possible long-term impacts on ecosystem services.

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems
Author: S.E. Jorgensen,Y.M. Svirezhev,I︠U︡. M. Svirezhev,Yuri M. Svirezhev
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2004-07-20
ISBN 10: 9780080441672
ISBN 13: 008044167X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems Book Review:

The book presents a consistent and complete ecosystem theory based on thermodynamic concepts. The first chapters are devoted to an interpretation of the first and second law of thermodynamics in ecosystem context. Then Prigogine's use of far from equilibrium thermodynamic is used on ecosystems to explain their reactions to perturbations. The introduction of the concept exergy makes it possible to give a more profound and comprehensive explanation of the ecosystem's reactions and growth-patterns. A tentative fourth law of thermodynamic is formulated and applied to facilitate these explanations. The trophic chain, the global energy and radiation balance and pattern and the reactions of ecological networks are all explained by the use of exergy. Finally, it is discussed how the presented theory can be applied more widely to explain ecological observations and rules, to assess ecosystem health and to develop ecological models.

Microorganisms in Saline Environments Strategies and Functions

Microorganisms in Saline Environments  Strategies and Functions
Author: Bhoopander Giri,Ajit Varma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2019-07-25
ISBN 10: 3030189759
ISBN 13: 9783030189754
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microorganisms in Saline Environments Strategies and Functions Book Review:

This book gathers the latest findings on the microbial ecology of saline habitats, plant-microbe interactions under saline conditions, and saline soil reclamation for agricultural use. The content is divided into four main parts: Part I outlines the definition of salinity, its genesis and impacts, and microbial diversity in saline habitats. Part II deals with impact of salinity on microbial and plant life/health. Part III highlights plant – microbe interactions in saline environments, and Part IV describes strategies for mitigation and reclamation of saline soils. The salinization of arable land is steadily increasing in many parts of the world. An excessive concentration of soluble salts (salinity) in soils or irrigation water adversely affects plant growth and survival. This problem is exacerbated in arid and semiarid areas due to their low precipitation and high evaporation rates. In turn, poor management practices and policies for using river water for the irrigation of agriculture crops often lead to the secondary salinization of soils. Considering the growing demands of a constantly expanding population, understanding the microbial ecology and interactions under saline conditions and their implications for sustainable agriculture is of utmost importance. Providing both an essential review of the status quo and a future outlook, this book represents a valuable asset for researchers, environmentalists and students working in microbiology and agriculture. .

Life at Extremes

Life at Extremes
Author: Elanor Bell
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1845938143
ISBN 13: 9781845938147
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life at Extremes Book Review:

From arid deserts to icy poles, outer space to the depths of the sea, this exciting new work studies the remarkable life forms that have made these inhospitable environments their home. Covering not only micro-organisms, but also higher plants and animals such as worms, fish and polar plants, this book details the ecological, biological and biogeochemical challenges these organisms face and unifying themes between environments. Equally useful for the expert, student and casual scientific reader, this book also explores the impact of climate change, rapid seasonal changes and pollution on these extraordinary creatures.