Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments
Author: Salom Thanga
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2020-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780128151655
ISBN 13: 012815165X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments Book Review:

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments: Structure and Functions presents research gained on coastal microbiology over the past two decades. The book covers the source of organic matter, which is found to design sediment microbial communities, and goes on to consider the quality of this matter with regard to degradation in coastal sediment. The book explores human induced changes in coastal ecosystems, then later focuses on the availability of nutrients, source of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the sediment, and the sequencing of microbial structures and functions when using molecular tools. Despite the years of research, this is the first book to focus purely on coastal microbes in coastal ecosystems. As such, it is for gaining a better understanding of the diversity and functions of different types of microbes in coastal ecosystems across the globe. The book outlines the microbial community structure in marine sediments while also elaborating on the methods of assessment of the microbial community, making it of great relevance to aquatic microbiologists, marine ecologists, marine microbiologists, aquatic researchers, and scientists alike. Presents data on physico-chemical and biological features of coastal ecosystems and microbial community composition, allowing researchers to compare their data with pre-existing data Includes unique figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to microbial processes of coastal ecosystems, providing a clear representation on the different aspects of microbial structure and functions Provides analytical methods and detailed molecular techniques for qualitative and quantitative analyses of microbial community structure, enabling scientists and students to follow the protocols provided in the book for assessment in their own research

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems
Author: Joel E. Kostka,Andreas P. Teske,Samantha B. Joye,Ian Head
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-05-15
ISBN 10: 2889193462
ISBN 13: 9782889193462
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems Book Review:

Biodegradation mediated by indigenous microbial communities is the ultimate fate of the majority of oil hydrocarbon that enters the marine environment. The aim of this Research Topic is to highlight recent advances in our knowledge of the pathways and controls of microbially-catalyzed hydrocarbon degradation in marine ecosystems, with emphasis on the response of microbial communities to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. In this Research Topic, we encouraged original research and reviews on the ecology of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, the rates and mechanisms of biodegradation, and the bioremediation of discharged oil under situ as well as near in situ conditions.

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors
Author: Susma Bhattarai Gautam
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 042982646X
ISBN 13: 9780429826467
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors Book Review:

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction (AOM-SR) is a biological process mediated by anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME) and sulfate reducing bacteria. It has scientifi c and societal relevance in regulating the global carbon cycle and biotechnological application for treating sulfate-rich wastewater. This research aimed to enhance the recent knowledge on ANME distribution and its enrichment in different bioreactor confi gurations, i.e. membrane bioreactor (MBR), biotrickling fi lter (BTF) and high pressure bioreactor (HPB). Marine sediment from Ginsburg mud volcano, Gulf of Cadiz was used as inoculum in the BTF and MBR. The BTF operation showed the enrichment of ANME in the biofi lm, especially ANME-1 (40%) and ANME-2 (10%). Whereas, the dominancy of ANME-2 and Desulfosarcina aggregates was observed in the MBR. Moreover, HPB study was performed by using highly enriched ANME-2 community from Captain Arutyunov mud volcano. During the study of HPB at different temperature and pressure conditions, the incubation at 10 MPa pressure and 15 ̊C was observed to be the most suitable condition for the studied AOM-SR community. Furthermore, AOM-SR activity in the coastal sediments from marine Lake Grevelingen (the Netherlands) was explored and the microbial community was characterised which was dominated by ANME-3 among known ANME types.

Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments

Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments
Author: Simon Thrush,Judi Hewitt,Conrad Pilditch,Alf Norkko
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2021-02-12
ISBN 10: 0198804768
ISBN 13: 9780198804765
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments Book Review:

This accessible textbook provides an ideal point of entry into the field, providing basic information on the nature of soft-sediment ecosystems, examples of how and why we research them, the new questions these studies inspire, and the applications that ultimately benefit society.

Earth and Life Processes Discovered from Subseafloor Environments

Earth and Life Processes Discovered from Subseafloor Environments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 822
Release: 2014-12-03
ISBN 10: 0444626115
ISBN 13: 9780444626110
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth and Life Processes Discovered from Subseafloor Environments Book Review:

The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP: 2000-2013) has provided crucial records of past and present processes and interactions within and between the biosphere, cryosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere. Research in IODP encompasses a wide range of fundamental and applied issues that affect society, such as global climate change, biodiversity, the origin of life, natural hazards involving the study of earthquakes processes, and the internal structure and dynamics of our planet. This compilation of major findings from the 2003-2013/14 phase of IODP, focusing on scientific results rather than description of data acquisition and early inferences, provides invaluable information. Anyone wondering what scientific drilling can achieve will gain quick understanding of the range of questions that are uniquely addressed with this methodology and the ways these data dovetail with other regional information. The excitement of breakthrough findings that occasionally accompanies a drilling project will be evident. IODP obtained unique records from the global ocean basins during the 2003-2013 program phase. This book highlights findings in three theme areas: Subseafloor life and the marine biosphere; Earth's changing environments; and Dynamics of the solid Earth. Each core or borehole log provides a window revealing insights that no other data achieve. Presents syntheses of key results from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Encompasses a wide range of issues that affect society Describes the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program and its expeditions

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms  Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients
Author: Stefan M. Sievert
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-04-05
ISBN 10: 2889458075
ISBN 13: 9782889458073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients Book Review:

Marine environments are fluid. Microorganisms living in the ocean experience diverse environmental changes over wide spatiotemporal scales. For microorganisms and their communities to survive and function in the ocean, they need to have the capacity to sense, respond to, adapt to and/or withstand periodic and sporadic environmental changes. This eBook collates a variety of recent research reports and theoretical discussions on the ecoenergetic strategies, community structure, biogeochemical and ecosystem functions as well as regulatory processes and mechanisms that marine microorganisms employ in response to environmental gradients and variations.

Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert

Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert
Author: John C. Priscu
Publsiher: American Geophysical Union
Total Pages: 369
Release: 1998-02-04
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822025580937
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert Book Review:

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Antarctic Research Series, Volume 72. The McMurdo Dry Valleys of southern Victoria Land comprise the largest ice?]free expanse (about 4000 km2) on the Antarctic continent. Research in this region began during British expeditions of the early 1900's and has yielded much information on specific physical, chemical and biological features of the area. Only recently have scientists begun to view the region as an integrated system which includes dynamic interactions among biotic and abiotic components of the environment. The McMurdo Dry Valleys represents the coldest and driest desert on this planet. Photoautotrophic and heterotrophic microorganisms that are intimately linked with the presence of liquid water and nutrients dominate the biological assemblages. Owing to the low average temperature (−20° C) in the region, liquid water is a rare commodity that often exists for a short period only and occurs in many inconspicuous places. It is now clear that the presence of liquid water produces a cascade of tightly coupled events that ultimately leads to the biological production and cycling of organic carbon and related elements. It also is clear that an integrated knowledge of biological, chemical, and physical factors is required to understand biogeochemical dynamics within the cold desert ecosystem of the McMurdo Dry Valleys. While various aspects of this ecosystem have formed the basis of several excellent publications, the compendium of manuscripts published within this volume represents a first attempt to compile complementary information on the abiotic and biotic components of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and link them in a final synthesis chapter.

Deep Subsurface Microbiology

Deep Subsurface Microbiology
Author: Andreas Teske,Jennifer F. Biddle,Virginia P. Edgcomb, Axel Schippers
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-07-01
ISBN 10: 2889195368
ISBN 13: 9782889195367
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Subsurface Microbiology Book Review:

Deep subsurface microbiology is a highly active and rapidly advancing research field at the interface of microbiology and the geosciences; it focuses on the detection, identification, quantification, cultivation and activity measurements of bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes that permeate the subsurface biosphere of deep marine sediments and the basaltic ocean and continental crust. The deep subsurface biosphere abounds with uncultured, only recently discovered and – at best - incompletely understood microbial populations. In spatial extent and volume, Earth's subsurface biosphere is only rivaled by the deep sea water column. So far, no deep subsurface sediment has been found that is entirely devoid of microbial life; microbial cells and DNA remain detectable at sediment depths of more than 1 km; microbial life permeates deeply buried hydrocarbon reservoirs, and is also found several kilometers down in continental crust aquifers. Severe energy limitation, either as electron acceptor or donor shortage, and scarcity of microbially degradable organic carbon sources are among the evolutionary pressures that have shaped the genomic and physiological repertoire of the deep subsurface biosphere. Its biogeochemical role as long-term organic carbon repository, inorganic electron and energy source, and subduction recycling engine continues to be explored by current research at the interface of microbiology, geochemistry and biosphere/geosphere evolution. This Research Topic addresses some of the central research questions about deep subsurface microbiology and biogeochemistry: phylogenetic and physiological microbial diversity in the deep subsurface; microbial activity and survival strategies in severely energy-limited subsurface habitats; microbial activity as reflected in process rates and gene expression patterns; biogeographic isolation and connectivity in deep subsurface microbial communities; the ecological standing of subsurface biospheres in comparison to the surface biosphere – an independently flourishing biosphere, or mere survivors that tolerate burial (along with organic carbon compounds), or a combination of both? Advancing these questions on Earth’s deep subsurface biosphere redefines the habitat range, environmental tolerance, activity and diversity of microbial life.

Enrichment Isolation and Characterization of Reductively Dechlorinating Microorganisms from Coastal Marine Sediments

Enrichment  Isolation  and Characterization of Reductively Dechlorinating Microorganisms from Coastal Marine Sediments
Author: Baolin Sun
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 218
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MSU:31293018127237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enrichment Isolation and Characterization of Reductively Dechlorinating Microorganisms from Coastal Marine Sediments Book Review:

Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing

Biodiversity  Ecosystem Functioning  and Human Wellbeing
Author: Shahid Naeem
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2009-07-30
ISBN 10: 0199547955
ISBN 13: 9780199547951
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing Book Review:

In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this timely and critical volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses. It then describes the natural science foundations of biodiversityand ecosystem functioning research including: quantifying functional diversity, the development of the field into a predictive science, the effects of stability and complexity, methods to quantifymechanisms by which diversity affects functioning, the importance of trophic structure, microbial ecology, and spatial dynamics. Finally, the book takes research on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning further than it has ever gone into the human dimension, describing the most pressing environmental challenges that face humanity and the effects of diversity on: climate change mitigation, restoration of degraded habitats, managed ecosystems, pollination, disease, and biological invasions.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1990
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015015427548
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Water Resources Abstracts Book Review:

The Marine Microbiome

The Marine Microbiome
Author: Lucas J. Stal,Mariana Silvia Cretoiu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2016-06-03
ISBN 10: 3319330004
ISBN 13: 9783319330006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Marine Microbiome Book Review:

This book describes the state-of-the-art concerning the ‘marine microbiome’ and its uses in biotechnology. The first part discusses the diversity and ecology of marine microorganisms and viruses, including all three domains of life: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. It discusses whether marine microorganisms exist and, if so, why they might be unique. The second part presents selected marine habitats, their inhabitants and how they influence biogeochemical cycles, while the third discusses the utilization of marine microbial resources, including legal aspects, dissemination, and public awareness. The marine microbiome is the total of microorganisms and viruses in the ocean and seas and in any connected environment, including the seafloor and marine animals and plants. The diversity of microbial life remains unquantified and largely unknown, and could represent a hidden treasure for human society. Accordingly, this book is also intended to connect academics and industry, providing essential information for microbiologists from both fields.

Marine Metagenomics

Marine Metagenomics
Author: Takashi Gojobori,Tokio Wada,Takanori Kobayashi,Katsuhiko Mineta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2019-07-24
ISBN 10: 9811381348
ISBN 13: 9789811381348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Metagenomics Book Review:

This book presents the state-of-art marine metagenome research and explains the method of marine metagenomic analysis in an easy-to-understand manner. Changes in the marine environment due to global warming and pollution have become a major global problem. Maintaining a healthy marine ecosystem requires advanced environmental monitoring and assessment systems. As such, the book presents a novel metagenomic monitoring method, which has been developed for comprehensive analyses of the DNA of microorganisms living in seawater to further our understanding of the dynamics of the marine environment. The book can be used as a primer for new researchers and as a manual on experimental methods.

Seagrasses of Australia

Seagrasses of Australia
Author: Anthony W. D. Larkum,Gary A. Kendrick,Peter J. Ralph
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 797
Release: 2018-07-27
ISBN 10: 331971354X
ISBN 13: 9783319713540
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seagrasses of Australia Book Review:

This book takes the place of “Biology of Seagrasses: A Treatise on the Biology of Seagrasses with Special Reference to the Australian Region”, co-edited by A.W.D. Larkum, A.J. MaCComb and S.A. Shepherd and published by Elsevier in 1989. The first book has been influential, but it is now 25 years since it was published and seagrass studies have progressed and developed considerably since then. The design of the current book follows in the steps of the first book. There are chapters on taxonomy, floral biology, biogeography and regional studies. The regional studies emphasize the importance of Australia having over half of the world’s 62 species, including some ten species published for Australia since the previous book. There are a number of chapters on ecology and biogeography; fish biology and fisheries and dugong biology are prominent chapters. Physiological aspects again play an important part, including new knowledge on the role of hydrogen sulphide in sediments and on photosynthetic processes. Climate change, pollution and environmental degradation this time gain an even more important part of the book. Decline of seagrasses around Australia are also discussed in detail in several chapters. Since the first book was published two new areas have received special attention: blue carbon and genomic studies. Seagrasses are now known to be a very important player in the formation of blue carbon, i.e. carbon that has a long turnover time in soils and sediments. Alongside salt marshes and mangroves, seagrasses are now recognized as playing a very important role in the formation of blue carbon. And because Australia has such an abundance and variety of seagrasses, their role in blue carbon production and turnover is of great importance. The first whole genomes of seagrasses are now available and Australia has played an important role here. It appears that seagrasses have several different suites of genes as compared with other (land) plants and even in comparison with freshwater hydrophytes. This difference is leading to important molecular biological studies where the new knowledge will be important to the understanding and conservation of seagrass ecosystems in Australia. Thus by reason of its natural abundance of diverse seagrasses and a sophisticated seagrass research community in Australia it is possible to produce a book which will be attractive to marine biologists, coastal scientists and conservationists from many countries around the world.

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments
Author: David J. Burdige
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-08-04
ISBN 10: 0691216096
ISBN 13: 9780691216096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments Book Review:

The processes occurring in surface marine sediments have a profound effect on the local and global cycling of many elements. This graduate text presents the fundamentals of marine sediment geochemistry by examining the complex chemical, biological, and physical processes that contribute to the conversion of these sediments to rock, a process known as early diagenesis. Research over the past three decades has uncovered the fact that the oxidation of organic matter deposited in sediment acts as a causative agent for many early diagenetic changes. Summarizing and discussing these findings and providing a much-needed update to Robert Berner's Early Diagenesis: A Theoretical Approach, David J. Burdige describes the ways to quantify geochemical processes in marine sediment. By doing so, he offers a deeper understanding of the cycling of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, along with important metals such as iron and manganese. No other book presents such an in-depth look at marine sediment geochemistry. Including the most up-to-date research, a complete survey of the subject, explanatory text, and the most recent mathematical formulations that have contributed to our greater understanding of early diagenesis, Geochemistry of Marine Sediments will interest graduate students of geology, geochemistry, and oceanography, as well as the broader community of earth scientists. It is poised to become the standard text on the subject for years to come.

Biogeodynamics of Pollutants in Soils and Sediments

Biogeodynamics of Pollutants in Soils and Sediments
Author: Wim Salomons,William M. Stigliani
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642794181
ISBN 13: 9783642794186
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biogeodynamics of Pollutants in Soils and Sediments Book Review:

In the USA, Western and Central Europe, there are many large-scale polluted sites that are too large to be cleaned up economically with available technologies. The pollution is caused by heavy industries to soils and sediments in waterways and reservoirs. Since these areas are expected to remain polluted for many years, it is necessary to take a long-term view to insure that the capacity to retain the contaminants is not diminished and to understand the potential for large-scale contaminant mobilization at these sites triggered by changing environmental conditions. This book provides information for predicting long-term changes and making risk assessments and describes the approach of geochemical engineering to handling large-scale polluted sites.

The Estuarine Ecosystem

The Estuarine Ecosystem
Author: Donald S. McLusky,M. Elliott,Michael Elliott
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2004-04-29
ISBN 10: 0198525087
ISBN 13: 9780198525080
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Estuarine Ecosystem Book Review:

For the inhabitants of many of the world's major towns & cities estuaries provide their first & nearest glimpse of a natural habitat. This text will be of use to advanced undergraduate & graduate students on a general ecology course, & to professional researchers in aquatic/marine ecology & environmental science.

Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822009167024
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Book Review:

Microbial Mats

Microbial Mats
Author: Lucas J. Stal,Pierre Caumette
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 463
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 3642789919
ISBN 13: 9783642789915
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Mats Book Review:

Microbial mats are benthic communities of a variety of microorganisms. Their investigation requires multidisciplinary studies and close cooperation between microbiologists, biogeochemists, and geologists. Reported here are recent advances in the study of structure, development and ecological relationships. The methodology described includes microsensors as well as new molecular techniques for the detection and identification of microorganisms. Increasing interest exists for applied aspects, e.g. the possibility to use natural or constructed microbial mats for the degradation of xenobiotics, for site remediation, etc.

Estuarine Indicators

Estuarine Indicators
Author: Stephen A. Bortone
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2004-12-28
ISBN 10: 1420038184
ISBN 13: 9781420038187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Estuarine Indicators Book Review:

Acknowledging the present inability to determine objectively the status and trends among estuarine ecosystems, the environmental research community has recently stepped up efforts to develop and evaluate meaningful estuarine indicators. This goal requires the effort of researchers from a broad spectrum of disciplines. In order to expedite this initiative, many of the world's leading estuarine scientists came together to present their views at the 2003 Estuarine Indicators Workshop. Derived from this conference of leading estuarine scientists, Estuarine Indicators presents the principles, concepts, practical use, and application of indicators in estuarine research and management practices. Topics include: the theory behind environmental indicators and their presumed attributes; the methods and protocols of indicator development and evaluation; a presentation of effective and ineffective indicator examples; and discussions of the future directions in research and management practices. This is an ideal reference for researchers, scientists, and students from any field dealing with estuaries and estuarine ecosystems. Its introductory-level chapters are accessible to novices and seasoned experts alike, and the applications and interpretation of research data suit the needs of environmental managers. This is a truly multidisciplinary, comprehensive compendium upon which future research will undoubtedly be built.