Membranes for Clean and Renewable Power Applications

Membranes for Clean and Renewable Power Applications
Author: A Gugliuzza,Angelo Basile
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2014-03-31
ISBN 10: 0857098659
ISBN 13: 9780857098658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membranes for Clean and Renewable Power Applications Book Review:

The development and deployment of membrane technologies continues to advance thanks to innovative materials and novel engineering approaches. Membranes for clean and renewable power applications introduces the principles and concepts of membrane technology and explores the use of this technology in clean energy applications. Chapters in part one introduce the utilization of membrane technology in the production of clean and renewable power and the combining of membrane processes with renewable energy technologies. Part two focusses on membranes for biofuel production and processing including membranes and membrane reactors for the production of biodiesel and second generation biofuels. Part three discusses membranes for syngas, hydrogen and oxygen production and processing. Chapters highlight steam reforming of biofuels for the production of hydrogen-rich gas A., perovskite membrane reactors, and environmental analysis of hydrogen-methane blends for transportation. Chapters in part four explore membranes for fuel cells including ceramic membranes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), microbial fuel cells, and direct bioethanol fuel cells. Finally, part five discusses membranes integrated with solar, wind energy and water-related applications including membrane technologies for solar-hydrogen production, solar-desalination plants, and the storage as methane of energy generated by wind power and other renewable sources. A final chapter introduces wastewater processing, energy conservation and energy generation. Membranes for clean and renewable power applications is a comprehensive resource for professionals and consultants in the clean and renewable energy industry, membrane and materials scientists and professionals, and academics and researchers in the field. Introduces the principles and concepts of membrane technology and explores the use of this technology in clean energy applications

Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications

Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications
Author: Ibrahim Dincer,Calin Zamfirescu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2011-11-05
ISBN 10: 0387958606
ISBN 13: 9780387958606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications Book Review:

The concept of sustainable development was first introduced by the Brundtland Commission almost 20 years ago and has received increased attention during the past decade. It is now an essential part of any energy activities. This is a research-based textbook which can be used by senior undergraduate students, graduate students, engineers, practitioners, scientists, researchers in the area of sustainable energy systems and aimed to address some key pillars: better efficiency, better cost effectiveness, better use of energy resources, better environment, better energy security, and better sustainable development. It also includes some cutting-edge topics, such hydrogen and fuel cells, renewable, clean combustion technologies, CO2 abatement technologies, and some potential tools (exergy, constructal theory, etc.) for design, analysis and performance improvement.

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production Carbon Capture and Other Applications

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production  Carbon Capture and Other Applications
Author: A Doukelis,K Panopoulos,A Koumanakos,E Kakaras
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2014-10-20
ISBN 10: 1782422412
ISBN 13: 9781782422419
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production Carbon Capture and Other Applications Book Review:

Thanks to their outstanding hydrogen selectivity, palladium membranes have attracted extensive R&D interest. They are a potential breakthrough technology for hydrogen production and also have promising applications in the areas of thermochemical biorefining. This book summarises key research in palladium membrane technologies, with particular focus on the scale-up challenges. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews the fabrication of palladium membranes. Part two then focuses on palladium membrane module and reactor design. The final part of the book reviews the operation of palladium membranes for synthesis gas/hydrogen production, carbon capture and other applications. Review of manufacture and design issues for palladium membranes Discussion of the applications of palladium membrane technology, including solar steam reforming, IGCC plants, NGCC plants, CHP plants and hydrogen production Examples of the technology in operation

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Membrane Reactor Engineering
Author: Angelo Basile,Marcello De Falco,Gabriele Centi,Gaetano Iaquaniello
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2016-08-22
ISBN 10: 1118906829
ISBN 13: 9781118906828
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane Reactor Engineering Book Review:

Uniquely focussed on the engineering aspects of membrane reactors Provides tools for analysis with specific regard to sustainability Applications include water treatment, wastewater recycling, desalination, biorefineries, agro-food production Membrane reactors can bring energy saving, reduced environmental impact and lower operating costs

Concentrating Solar Power Technology

Concentrating Solar Power Technology
Author: Keith Lovegrove,Wes Stein
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 832
Release: 2020-12-01
ISBN 10: 012822472X
ISBN 13: 9780128224724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concentrating Solar Power Technology Book Review:

This second edition of Concentrating Solar Power Technology edited by Keith Lovegrove and Wes Stein presents a fully updated comprehensive review of the latest technologies and knowledge, from the fundamental science to systems design, development, and applications. Part one introduces the fundamental principles of CSP systems, including site selection and feasibility analysis, alongside socio-economic and environmental assessments. Part two focuses on technologies including linear Fresnel reflector technology, parabolic-trough, central tower, and parabolic dish CSP systems, and concentrating photovoltaic systems. Thermal energy storage, hybridization with fossil fuel power plants, and the long-term market potential of CSP technology are also explored. Part three goes on to discuss optimization, improvements, and applications, such as absorber materials for solar thermal receivers, design optimization through integrated techno-economic modelling, and heliostat size optimization. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Concentrating Solar Power Technology, 2nd Edition is an essential guide for all those involved or interested in the design, production, development, optimization, and application of CSP technology, including renewable energy engineers and consultants, environmental governmental departments, solar thermal equipment manufacturers, researchers, and academics. Provides a comprehensive review of concentrating solar power (CSP) technology, from the fundamental science to systems design, development and applications Reviews fundamental principles of CSP systems, including site selection and feasibility analysis and socio-economic and environmental assessments Includes an overview of the key technologies of parabolic-trough, central tower linear Fresnel reflector, and parabolic dish CSP systems, and concentrating photovoltaic systems

A Study on the Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Solar Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production

A Study on the Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Solar Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production
Author: Wan-Yin Lui
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2017-01-28
ISBN 10: 9781374799295
ISBN 13: 1374799297
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Study on the Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Solar Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production Book Review:

This dissertation, "A Study on the Performance of Proton-exchange-membrane Fuel Cells and Solar Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production" by Wan-yin, Lui, 呂韻妍, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled THE PERFORMANCE OF PROTON-EXCHANGE-MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS AND SOLAR ELECTROLYSIS FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION Submitted by Lui Wan Yin for the degree of Master of Philosophy at the University of Hong Kong in March 2003 Solar energy is a free, clean and renewable energy source. Photovoltaic solar panels can convert solar energy into electrical energy. One of the problems in utilizing solar energy is that it is only available during the day. Therefore, the energy needs to be stored up so that a continued flow of energy can be supplied even when there is no sunlight. Batteries are commonly used to store electricity. However, lead and cadmium in battery are toxic to human beings. The lifetime of a battery is short and the eventual disposal of batteries poses environmental problems. In this study, a fuel cell was used to supply power to various domestic appliances. A water electrolysis system powered by a photovoltaic solar panel was designed to provide the hydrogen source to the fuel cell. The possibility of using hydrogen as a medium of storing solar generated electrical power was studied. The characteristics and performance of the fuel cell were tested, and the study concluded that fuel cells provided power supply quickly and efficiently for both DC and AC applications. The hydrogen production rate of the photovoltaic solar electrolysis system was also measured, and the factors affecting the production of hydrogen by water electrolysis investigated. The optimum concentration of KOH in electrolyte was found to be 6M. The study recommended the use of gas diffusion, since it can reduce the bubbling effect and increase the rate of reaction. Finally, the capability of using solar hydrogen on fuel cell was studied, the size of the photovoltaic solar panel estimated. Metal hydride was recommended for storing the hydrogen produced. Further studies on hydrogen purification and storage, and alternative methods of providing electricity, were suggested. DOI: 10.5353/th_b2666242 Subjects: Fuel cells - Testing Solar batteries - Testing Hydrogen as fuel

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining
Author: Alberto Figoli,Alfredo Cassano,Angelo Basile
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2016-02-19
ISBN 10: 0081004524
ISBN 13: 9780081004524
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining Book Review:

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining. Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products. Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells
Author: Keith Scott,Eileen Hao Yu
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2015-11-25
ISBN 10: 1782423966
ISBN 13: 9781782423966
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells Book Review:

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications contains the most updated information on bio-electrical systems and their ability to drive an electrical current by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature to produce a small amount of power. One of the most promising features of the microbial fuel cell is its application to generate power from wastewater, and its use in the treatment of water to remove contaminants, making it a very sustainable source of power generation that can feasibly find application in rural areas where providing more conventional sources of power is often difficult. The book explores, in detail, both the technical aspects and applications of this technology, and was written by an international team of experts in the field who provide an introduction to microbial fuel cells that looks at their electrochemical principles and mechanisms, explains the materials that can be used for the various sections of the fuel cells, including cathode and anode materials, and provides key analysis of microbial fuel cell performance looking at their usage in hydrogen production, waste treatment, and sensors, amongst other applications. Includes coverage of the types and principles of electrochemical cells Provides information on the construction of fuel cells and appropriate materials Presents the latest on this renewable source of energy and the process for the treatment of waste water

Pervaporation Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Pervaporation  Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation
Author: Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Mohamed Khayet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2015-02-07
ISBN 10: 1782422560
ISBN 13: 9781782422563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pervaporation Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation Book Review:

Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment
Author: Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 666
Release: 2015-02-28
ISBN 10: 1782421262
ISBN 13: 9781782421269
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book Review:

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes
Author: Adolfo Iulianelli,Angelo Basile
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2020-07-22
ISBN 10: 0128173858
ISBN 13: 9780128173855
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes Book Review:

In the last decade, the attention paid to the environmental protection has generated a considerable interest towards the development of new energy carriers and green energy production methods. Hydrogen as an energy carrier becomes a potential important source of energy due to its neutral environmental impact. However, its production, transformation and purification, presents a challenge in the so called hydrogen economy. Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes gives a comprehensive review on the present state of the art of the hydrogen production and purification using new and alternative technologies stressing green processes and environment protection. The book covers green processes, renewable feedstocks utilization and membrane reactor technology for hydrogen production in line with new process intensification strategy. The book is divided in four sections, ie fundamentals of hydrogen generation, its impact on environmental issue, new applications involving hydrogen and its storage and distribution. The main scope of this book is to offer a new horizon on hydrogen generation and utilization. It stresses the role of new technologies for hydrogen generation, including the “micro-reactors technology for portable applications , their combination with high temperature fuel cells, the role of gas-separation for both hydrogen purification and CO2 sequestration, the exploitation of renewable sources (biogas, bioethanol and other renewables feedstocks) in reforming processes useful to generate hydrogen, membrane and membrane reactor technology as well as membrane bio-reactors etc. Presents process intensification and commercialization of new and alternative hydrogen generation technologies Relates new hydrogen production methods to their environmental impact Outlines the fundamentals of hydrogen generation Includes new developed technologies for hydrogen transport and storage

Electrical Drives for Direct Drive Renewable Energy Systems

Electrical Drives for Direct Drive Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Markus Mueller,Henk Polinder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2013-03-25
ISBN 10: 0857097490
ISBN 13: 9780857097491
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrical Drives for Direct Drive Renewable Energy Systems Book Review:

Wind turbine gearboxes present major reliability issues, leading to great interest in the current development of gearless direct-drive wind energy systems. Offering high reliability, high efficiency and low maintenance, developments in these direct-drive systems point the way to the next generation of wind power, and Electrical drives for direct drive renewable energy systems is an authoritative guide to their design, development and operation. Part one outlines electrical drive technology, beginning with an overview of electrical generators for direct drive systems. Principles of electrical design for permanent magnet generators are discussed, followed by electrical, thermal and structural generator design and systems integration. A review of power electronic converter technology and power electronic converter systems for direct drive renewable energy applications is then conducted. Part two then focuses on wind and marine applications, beginning with a commercial overview of wind turbine drive systems and an introduction to direct drive wave energy conversion systems. The commercial application of these technologies is investigated via case studies on the permanent magnet direct drive generator in the Zephyros wind turbine, and the Archimedes Wave Swing (AWS) direct drive wave energy pilot plant. Finally, the book concludes by exploring the application of high-temperature superconducting machines to direct drive renewable energy systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Electrical drives for direct drive renewable energy systems provides a comprehensive review of key technologies for anyone involved with or interested in the design, construction, operation, development and optimisation of direct drive wind and marine energy systems. An authorative guide to the design, development and operation of gearless direct drives Discusses the principles of electrical design for permanent magnet generators and electrical, thermal and structural generator design and systems integration Investigates the commercial applications of wind turbine drive systems

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications
Author: Kajornsak Faungnawakij,Woei Jye Lau,Uracha Rungsardthong Ruktanonchai,Kuakoon Piyachomkwan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 796
Release: 2020-10-22
ISBN 10: 0128215097
ISBN 13: 9780128215098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications Book Review:

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications: Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Medicine presents a comprehensive overview on recent developments and prospects surrounding nanotechnology use in water/wastewater separation and purification, energy storage and conversion, agricultural and food process, and effective diagnoses and treatments in medical fields. The book includes detailed overviews of nanotechnology, including nanofiltration membrane for water/wastewater treatment, nanomedicine and nanosensor development for medical implementation, advanced nanomaterials of different structural dimensions (0D, 1D, 2D and 3D) for energy applications, as well as food and agricultural utilization. Other sections discuss the challenges of lab-based research transitioning towards practical industrial use. Helps scientists and researchers quickly learn and understand the key role of nanotechnology in important industrial applications Takes an interdisciplinary approach, demonstrating how nanotechnology is being used in a wide range of industry sectors Outlines the role nanotechnology plays in creating safer, cheaper and more energy-efficient projects and devices

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes
Author: Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Alberto Figoli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2018-09-15
ISBN 10: 9780128135457
ISBN 13: 012813545X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes Book Review:

Current Trends and Future Developments in (Bio-) Membranes: Renewable Energy Integrated with Membrane Operations offers an overview of advanced technologies in the field of water desalination, wastewater treatment and hydrogen production that is coupled with renewable energy sources. Membrane processes are well-recognized technologies in the field of water and wastewater treatment. This book reviews their potential and lists new technologies which allow for the use of solar, hydroelectric, wind, hydrothermal and other forms of renewable energy with the same effect. In addition, it highlights what has already been achieved in the integration of membrane reactors and energy produced by biomass. Provides an overview of the interconnections between membrane technology and renewable energy sources Provides a comprehensive review of advanced research on membrane processes for water desalination, wastewater treatment and hydrogen production Relates the various processes to energy sources, including solar, wind, biomass and geothermal energy Addresses key issues involved in the use of renewable energy in wastewater treatment

The Coal Handbook Towards Cleaner Production

The Coal Handbook  Towards Cleaner Production
Author: Dave Osborne
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-10-31
ISBN 10: 1782421173
ISBN 13: 9781782421177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Coal Handbook Towards Cleaner Production Book Review:

Coal remains an important fossil fuel resource for many nations due to its large remaining resources, relatively low production and processing cost and potential high energy intensity. Certain issues surround its utilisation, however, including emissions of pollutants and growing concern about climate change. The coal handbook: Towards cleaner production Volume 2 explores global coal use in industry. Part one is an introductory section which reviews the social and economic value of coal, emissions from coal utilisation, the handling, impact and utilisation of coal waste, and an exploration of emerging and future issues around industrial coal utilization. Chapters in part two highlight coal resources, production and use in established markets as well as the emerging markets of Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, and China. Part three focuses specifically on coal utilisation in industry. Chapters consider thermal coal utilisation, coal use in iron and steel metallurgy, advances in pulverised fuel technology, and the evaluation of coal for thermal and metallurgical applications. Further chapters explore coal utilisation in the cement and concrete industries, coal gasification and conversion, and value-in-use assessment for thermal and metallurgical coal. A final chapter summarises the anticipated future pathway towards sustainable, long-term coal use, suggesting transitions that will be needed to ensure cleaner utilisation for many decades to come. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, The coal handbook Volumes 1 and 2 is a comprehensive and invaluable resource for professionals in the coal mining, preparation, and utilisation industry, those in the power sector, including plant operators and engineers, and researchers and academics interested in this field. Reviews the social and economic value of coal, emissions from coal utilisation, and the handling, impact and utilisation of coal waste Explores emerging and future issues around industrial coal utilization Highlights coal resources, production and use in established markets, as well as emerging markets such as Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, and China

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up
Author: William E Lee,Michael I Ojovan,Carol M Jantzen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 912
Release: 2013-10-31
ISBN 10: 085709744X
ISBN 13: 9780857097446
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Book Review:

Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook
Author: Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2018-03-08
ISBN 10: 0128154284
ISBN 13: 9780128154281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook Book Review:

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Applications and Thermodynamics offers a practical handbook on the use of renewable technologies to produce freshwater using sustainable methods. Sections cover the different renewable technologies currently used in the field, including solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear desalination. This coverage is followed by an equally important clear and rigorous discussion of energy recovery and the thermodynamics of desalination processes. While seawater desalination can provide a climate-independent source of drinking water, the process is energy-intensive and environmentally damaging. This book provides readers with the latest methods, processes, and technologies available for utilizing renewable energy applications as a valuable technology. Desalination based on the use of renewable energy sources can provide a sustainable way to produce fresh water. It is expected to become economically attractive as the costs of renewable technologies continue to decline and the prices of fossil fuels continue to increase. Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination and energy storage and optimization Includes energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Elaborates on the principles of thermodynamics and second law efficiencies to improve process performance, including solar desalination Explains global applicability of solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy sources with case studies Discusses renewable energy-desalinated water optimization schemes for island communities

Advances in Wind Turbine Blade Design and Materials

Advances in Wind Turbine Blade Design and Materials
Author: Povl Brøndsted,Rogier P. L. Nijssen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2013-10-31
ISBN 10: 0857097288
ISBN 13: 9780857097286
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Wind Turbine Blade Design and Materials Book Review:

Wind energy is gaining critical ground in the area of renewable energy, with wind energy being predicted to provide up to 8% of the world’s consumption of electricity by 2021. Advances in wind turbine blade design and materials reviews the design and functionality of wind turbine rotor blades as well as the requirements and challenges for composite materials used in both current and future designs of wind turbine blades. Part one outlines the challenges and developments in wind turbine blade design, including aerodynamic and aeroelastic design features, fatigue loads on wind turbine blades, and characteristics of wind turbine blade airfoils. Part two discusses the fatigue behavior of composite wind turbine blades, including the micromechanical modelling and fatigue life prediction of wind turbine blade composite materials, and the effects of resin and reinforcement variations on the fatigue resistance of wind turbine blades. The final part of the book describes advances in wind turbine blade materials, development and testing, including biobased composites, surface protection and coatings, structural performance testing and the design, manufacture and testing of small wind turbine blades. Advances in wind turbine blade design and materials offers a comprehensive review of the recent advances and challenges encountered in wind turbine blade materials and design, and will provide an invaluable reference for researchers and innovators in the field of wind energy production, including materials scientists and engineers, wind turbine blade manufacturers and maintenance technicians, scientists, researchers and academics. Reviews the design and functionality of wind turbine rotor blades Examines the requirements and challenges for composite materials used in both current and future designs of wind turbine blades Provides an invaluable reference for researchers and innovators in the field of wind energy production

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology
Author: Christoph Hartnig,Christina Roth
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2012-02-20
ISBN 10: 085709548X
ISBN 13: 9780857095480
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology Book Review:

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) technology are promising forms of low-temperature electrochemical power conversion technologies that operate on hydrogen and methanol respectively. Featuring high electrical efficiency and low operational emissions, they have attracted intense worldwide commercialization research and development efforts. These R&D efforts include a major drive towards improving materials performance, fuel cell operation and durability. In situ characterization is essential to improving performance and extending operational lifetime through providing information necessary to understand how fuel cell materials perform under operational loads. Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology, Volume 2 details in situ characterization, including experimental and innovative techniques, used to understand fuel cell operational issues and materials performance. Part I reviews enhanced techniques for characterization of catalyst activities and processes, such as X-ray absorption and scattering, advanced microscopy and electrochemical mass spectrometry. Part II reviews characterization techniques for water and fuel management, including neutron radiography and tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and Raman spectroscopy. Finally, Part III focuses on locally resolved characterization methods, from transient techniques and electrochemical microscopy, to laser-optical methods and synchrotron radiography. With its international team of expert contributors, Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology will be an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materials science and electrochemistry researchers and academics. Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology is an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materials science and electrochemistry researchers and academics. Details in situ characterisation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), including the experimental and innovative techniques used to understand fuel cell operational issues and materials performance Examines enhanced techniques for characterisation of catalyst activities and processes, such as X-ray absorption and scattering, advanced microscopy and electrochemical mass spectrometry Reviews characterisation techniques for water and fuel management, including neutron radiography and tomography, and comprehensively covers locally resolved characterisation methods, from transient techniques to laser-optical methods

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management  PLiM
Author: Gennadij V Arkadov,Alexander F Getman,Andrei N Rodionov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2012-09-27
ISBN 10: 0857093991
ISBN 13: 9780857093998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM Book Review:

Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–statistical approaches are discussed. Approaches based on the use of defect-free models are considered, along with those using binomial distribution and models based on the residual defectiveness of structural materials. The practical applications of probabilistic methods for strength reliability are subsequently explored in part two. Probabilistic methods for increasing the reliability and safety of nuclear power plant components are investigated, as are the use of such methods for optimising non-destructive tests, hydraulic tests, technical certification and planned-preventative maintenance. Finally, the book concludes with information on the use of probabilistic methods in ensuring leak tightness of nuclear power plant steam generator heat exchanger pipes. With its distinguished authors, Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management is a valuable reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, nuclear safety engineers and managers, as well as academics and researchers in this field. Discusses the theory and application of probabilistic safety assessment methods used to calculate nuclear power plant (NPP) durability and lifetime Reviews probabilistic methods in their application to NPP components and ageing pipelines for the forecasting of NPP resource lifetime and safety Addresses the key areas of probabilistic safety analysis, optimization of the operations through in-service inspection (ISI) utilising non-destructive testing, and maintenance, service and repair approaches