Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity
Author: Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 0128148187
ISBN 13: 9780128148181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Transport Equity Book Review:

Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses. Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading

Transport Justice

Transport Justice
Author: Karel Martens
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-07-01
ISBN 10: 1317599578
ISBN 13: 9781317599579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transport Justice Book Review:

Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system. There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades. Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency
Author: Karst T. Geurs,Roberto Patuelli,Tomaz Ponce Dentinho
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2016-02-26
ISBN 10: 1784717894
ISBN 13: 9781784717896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency Book Review:

Leading researchers from around the world show, in this volume, the importance of accessibility in contemporary issues such as rural depopulation, investments in public services and public transport, and transport infrastructure investments in Europe. The trade-offs between accessibility, economic development and equity are comprehensively examined, and a variety of approaches to measuring accessibility and equality presented. The book’s interdisciplinary contributions also provide different geographical contexts, from the US to various European and developing countries, and cover ex ante and ex post evaluation of transport investment. Improving transport accessibility is a main objective in transport policy and planning in developed and developing countries all over the world. Investment is motivated by the need to develop and/or reduce spatial or social inequalities. However, the economic and equity implications of investments in transport are not straightforward. The concepts of accessibility and equity can be defined and operationalized in many different ways, influencing outcomes and conclusions. Moreover, equity and efficiency goals are often conflicting. Accessibility models not only help to explain spatial and transport patterns in developed and developing countries but are also powerful tools to explain the equity and efficiency impacts of urban and transport policies and projects. This state-of-the-art overview of the accessibility–economic efficiency–equity relationship will appeal to researchers as well as transport and urban planners interested in accessibility issues and transport/regional developments.

Measuring Transportation Network Performance

Measuring Transportation Network Performance
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Transportation Research Board
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309154928
ISBN 13: 9780309154925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Transportation Network Performance Book Review:

This guidebook provides methods for integrating performance measures from individual transportation modes and multiple jurisdictions and for developing new measures, if needed, to monitor transportation network performance. These network performance measures can be used to improve system management, planning, and investment decisions and can be applied to various scenarios. The guidebook should be of immediate use to practitioners in state, regional, or local governments; specially designated authorities; or those in the private sector who are responsible for measuring, operating, and investing in the performance of multimodal and/or multijurisdictional transportation networks.

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia
Author: Akimasa Fujiwara,Junyi Zhang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2013-06-04
ISBN 10: 4431543791
ISBN 13: 9784431543794
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia Book Review:

This book aims to provide a good understanding of and perspective on sustainable transport in Asia by focusing on economic, environmental, and social sustainability. It is widely acknowledged that the current situation and trends in transport are not always sustainable in Asia, due in part to the fast-growing economy and the astounding speed of urbanization as well as least-mature governance. As essential research material, the book provides strong support for policy makers and planners by comprehensively covering three groups of strategies, characterized by the words “avoid” (e.g., urban form design and control of car ownership), “shift” (e.g., establishing comprehensive transportation systems and increasing public transportation systems for both intracity and intercity travel), and “improve” (e.g., redesign of paratransit system, low-emission vehicles, intelligent transportation systems, and eco-life). These are elaborated in the book alongside consideration of the uncertainty of policy effects in the future. The book is also valuable for scholars and scientists because of the diverse methodologies presented and proposed herein. Among those are the four-step model with full feedback mechanisms, the bi-level programming model with sustainability goals, data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis approaches, structural equation models, discrete and/or continuous choice models, copula-based models, survival models, and driving risk models with short-term memory. Using data collected from more than ten Asian cities, including those in both developed and developing nations, the pathway to sustainable transport in Asia gradually becomes clear.

Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health
Author: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2020-04-08
ISBN 10: 0128191376
ISBN 13: 9780128191378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Transportation and Health Book Review:

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Poverty and Equity

Poverty and Equity
Author: Jean-Yves Duclos,Abdelkrim Araar
Publsiher: IDRC
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9780387258935
ISBN 13: 0387258930
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Poverty and Equity Book Review:

This text addresses the understanding and alleviation of poverty, inequality, and inequity using a unique and broad mix of concepts, measurement methods, statistical tools, software, and practical exercises. Most of the book’s measurement and statistical tools have been programmed in DAD, a well established and widely available free software program that has been tailored especially for income distribution analysis and is used by scholars, researchers, and analysts in nearly 100 countries worldwide. It requires basic understanding of calculus and statistics. There are examples and exercises using real data.

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning
Author: Karst T. Geurs,Kevin J. Krizek,Aura Reggiani
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2012-01-01
ISBN 10: 1781000115
ISBN 13: 9781781000113
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning Book Review:

Accessibility is a concept central to integrated transport and land use planning. The goal of improving accessibility Ð for all modes, for all people Ð has made its way into mainstream transport policy and planning in communities worldwide. This unique book introduces new accessibility approaches to transport planning across Europe and the United States. The expert contributors present advanced interdisciplinary approaches in accessibility research and modelling with best practices in accessibility planning and evaluation, to better support integrated transport and land-use policy-making. This book will prove an absorbing read for scholars, researchers and students working on accessibility issues across different academic fields including transport geography, spatial economics and social science. Transport and urban planners will also find the book to be an invaluable reference tool.

The Right to Transportation

The Right to Transportation
Author: Thomas Sanchez
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2018-05-04
ISBN 10: 1351177885
ISBN 13: 9781351177887
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Right to Transportation Book Review:

Does transportation affect the lives of minority, low-income, elderly, and physically disabled citizens? The answer is yes, and those effects can be profound, according to The Right to Transportation. The authors argue that transportation policies can limit access to education, jobs, and services for some individuals while undermining the economy and social cohesion of entire communities. Policies that have nurtured the U.S. highway system and let public transportation wither have also led to ghettos and social isolation. More and more communities are recognizing the problem. This book explains the strategies and policies that can address inequities in the nation's transportation and transportation planning systems so that the benefits and burdens of those systems can be shared equally across all communities. With a close examination of how transportation policies affect individuals and communities, the book is a guide to transportation fairness. It explains the demographic trends, historical events, and current policies that have shaped transportation in the U.S. and offers recommendations for moving to equity.

Urban Transport Systems

Urban Transport Systems
Author: Hamid Yaghoubi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-01-18
ISBN 10: 9535128736
ISBN 13: 9789535128731
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Transport Systems Book Review:

This book contains a collection of latest research developments on the urban transportation systems. It describes rail transit systems, subways, bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, taxicabs, automobiles, etc. This book also studies the technical parameters and provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for urban transportation systems, including energy management systems, wireless communication systems, operations and maintenance systems, transport serviceability, environmental problems and solutions, simulation, modelling, analysis, design, safety and risk, standards, traffic congestion, ride quality, air quality, noise and vibration, financial and economic aspects, pricing strategies, etc. This professional book as a credible source can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, students, experienced technical professionals, practitioners and others interested in urban transportation systems.

Inequality in Transport

Inequality in Transport
Author: David Banister
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780906661017
ISBN 13: 0906661013
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality in Transport Book Review:

The Geography of Urban Transportation

The Geography of Urban Transportation
Author: Susan Hanson,Genevieve Giuliano
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 419
Release: 2004-08-06
ISBN 10: 9781593850555
ISBN 13: 1593850557
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Geography of Urban Transportation Book Review:

In this classic text and professional resource, leading geographers and urban planners present the foundational concepts and methodological tools that readers need to understand and engage with today's pressing policy issues. Covered are such key topics as passenger and freight dynamics in the American metropolis; the urban transportation planning process, including the use of GIS; and questions related to public transit, land use, energy, equity, environmental impacts, and more. The book features more than 100 maps, charts, and photographs.

Reforming Transport Pricing in the European Union

Reforming Transport Pricing in the European Union
Author: Bruno de Borger,S. Proost
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2001-01-01
ISBN 10: 1781009953
ISBN 13: 9781781009956
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reforming Transport Pricing in the European Union Book Review:

This work deals with the problem of pricing passenger and freight transportation within Europe. It argues that legislation affecting pricing and regulation is increasingly less successful in dealing with market failures and externalities such as congestion, air pollution, noise and accidents.

Streetfight

Streetfight
Author: Janette Sadik-Khan,Seth Solomonow
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2016-03-08
ISBN 10: 0698409418
ISBN 13: 9780698409415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Streetfight Book Review:

Like a modern-day Jane Jacobs, Janette Sadik-Khan transformed New York City's streets to make room for pedestrians, bikers, buses, and green spaces. Describing the battles she fought to enact change, Streetfight imparts wisdom and practical advice that other cities can follow to make their own streets safer and more vibrant. As New York City’s transportation commissioner, Janette Sadik-Khan managed the seemingly impossible and transformed the streets of one of the world’s greatest, toughest cities into dynamic spaces safe for pedestrians and bikers. Her approach was dramatic and effective: Simply painting a part of the street to make it into a plaza or bus lane not only made the street safer, but it also lessened congestion and increased foot traffic, which improved the bottom line of businesses. Real-life experience confirmed that if you know how to read the street, you can make it function better by not totally reconstructing it but by reallocating the space that’s already there. Breaking the street into its component parts, Streetfight demonstrates, with step-by-step visuals, how to rewrite the underlying “source code” of a street, with pointers on how to add protected bike paths, improve crosswalk space, and provide visual cues to reduce speeding. Achieving such a radical overhaul wasn’t easy, and Streetfight pulls back the curtain on the battles Sadik-Khan won to make her approach work. She includes examples of how this new way to read the streets has already made its way around the world, from pocket parks in Mexico City and Los Angeles to more pedestrian-friendly streets in Auckland and Buenos Aires, and innovative bike-lane designs and plazas in Austin, Indianapolis, and San Francisco. Many are inspired by the changes taking place in New York City and are based on the same techniques. Streetfight deconstructs, reassembles, and reinvents the street, inviting readers to see it in ways they never imagined. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom?

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom?
Author: Vincent-Lancrin Stéphan,Urgel Joaquin,Kar Soumyajit,Jacotin Gwénaël
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-03-05
ISBN 10: 926431167X
ISBN 13: 9789264311671
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom? Book Review:

Measuring innovation in education and understanding how it works is essential to improve the quality of the education sector. Monitoring systematically how pedagogical practices evolve would considerably increase the international education knowledge base. We need to examine whether, and how ...

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning
Author: Elizabeth Deakin
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2019-10
ISBN 10: 0128151676
ISBN 13: 9780128151679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning Book Review:

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning examines the practices and policies linking transportation, land use and environmental planning needed to achieve a healthy environment, thriving economy, and more equitable and inclusive society. It assesses best practices for improving the performance of city and regional transportation systems, looking at such issues as public transit and non-motorized travel investments, mixed use and higher density urban development, radically transformed vehicles, and transportation systems. The book lays out the growing need for greater integration of transportation, land use, and environmental planning, looking closely at changing demographic needs, public health concerns, housing affordability, equity, and livability. In addition, strategies for achieving these desired outcomes are presented, including urban design and land use planning, regional and corridor-level transit plans, bike and pedestrian improvements, demand management strategies, and emerging technologies and services. The final part of the book examines implementation challenges, considering lessons from the US and around the globe at both local and regional levels. Introduces never-before-published research Offers best practices for transit, cycling, urban design and housing provision Assesses emerging developments, such as smart cities, new vehicle technologies, automated highways and transportation sharing Examines the institutional and political dimensions of sustainability planning at the urban and regional levels Utilizes case studies from around the world that show alternative ways forward

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa
Author: Washington Odongo Ochola,P. C. Sanginga,Isaac Bekalo
Publsiher: IDRC
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9966792090
ISBN 13: 9789966792099
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa Book Review:

The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.

Mobility Justice

Mobility Justice
Author: Mimi Sheller
Publsiher: Verso Books
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2018-09-25
ISBN 10: 1788730941
ISBN 13: 9781788730945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mobility Justice Book Review:

Mobility justice is one of the crucial political and ethical issues of our day We are in the midst of a global climate crisis and experiencing the extreme challenges of urbanization. In Mobility Justice, Mimi Sheller makes a passionate argument for a new understanding of the contemporary crisis of movement. Sheller shows how power and inequality inform the governance and control of movement. She connects the body, street, city, nation, and planet in one overarching theory of the modern, perpetually shifting world. Concepts of mobility are examined on a local level in the circulation of people, resources, and information, as well as on an urban scale, with questions of public transport and “the right to the city.” On the planetary level, she demands that we rethink the reality where tourists and other elites are able to roam freely, while migrants and those most in need are abandoned and imprisoned at the borders. Mobility Justice is a new way to understand the deep flows of inequality and uneven accessibility in a world in which the mobility commons have been enclosed. It is a call for a new understanding of the politics of movement and a demand for justice for all.

Closing the Gap in a Generation

Closing the Gap in a Generation
Author: WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health,World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9241563702
ISBN 13: 9789241563703
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Closing the Gap in a Generation Book Review:

Social justice is a matter of life and death. It affects the way people live, their consequent chance of illness, and their risk of premature death. We watch in wonder as life expectancy and good health continue to increase in parts of the world and in alarm as they fail to improve in others.

Access to Destinations

Access to Destinations
Author: David Levinson,Kevin Krizek
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2005-12-06
ISBN 10: 9780080446783
ISBN 13: 0080446787
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Access to Destinations Book Review:

Much of land use and transportation planning aims to reduce traffic congestion. Comprehensive and policy relevant measures useful to land-use and transportation planning need to capture both land use and travel dimensions. This book focuses on the science and policy around the multi-modal concept of accessibility.