Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity
Author: Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 0128148187
ISBN 13: 9780128148181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Transport Equity Book Review:

Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses. Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading

Transport Justice

Transport Justice
Author: Karel Martens
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-07-01
ISBN 10: 1317599578
ISBN 13: 9781317599579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transport Justice Book Review:

Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system. There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades. Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.

Accessibility Equity and Efficiency

Accessibility  Equity and Efficiency
Author: Karst T. Geurs,Roberto Patuelli,Tomaz Ponce Dentinho
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2016-02-26
ISBN 10: 1784717894
ISBN 13: 9781784717896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessibility Equity and Efficiency Book Review:

Leading researchers from around the world show, in this volume, the importance of accessibility in contemporary issues such as rural depopulation, investments in public services and public transport, and transport infrastructure investments in Europe. The trade-offs between accessibility, economic development and equity are comprehensively examined, and a variety of approaches to measuring accessibility and equality presented. The book’s interdisciplinary contributions also provide different geographical contexts, from the US to various European and developing countries, and cover ex ante and ex post evaluation of transport investment. Improving transport accessibility is a main objective in transport policy and planning in developed and developing countries all over the world. Investment is motivated by the need to develop and/or reduce spatial or social inequalities. However, the economic and equity implications of investments in transport are not straightforward. The concepts of accessibility and equity can be defined and operationalized in many different ways, influencing outcomes and conclusions. Moreover, equity and efficiency goals are often conflicting. Accessibility models not only help to explain spatial and transport patterns in developed and developing countries but are also powerful tools to explain the equity and efficiency impacts of urban and transport policies and projects. This state-of-the-art overview of the accessibility–economic efficiency–equity relationship will appeal to researchers as well as transport and urban planners interested in accessibility issues and transport/regional developments.

Transportation and Health

Transportation and Health
Author: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-04
ISBN 10: 0128191368
ISBN 13: 9780128191361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation and Health Book Review:

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development.

The Right to Transportation

The Right to Transportation
Author: Thomas Sanchez
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2018-05-04
ISBN 10: 1351177885
ISBN 13: 9781351177887
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Right to Transportation Book Review:

Does transportation affect the lives of minority, low-income, elderly, and physically disabled citizens? The answer is yes, and those effects can be profound, according to The Right to Transportation. The authors argue that transportation policies can limit access to education, jobs, and services for some individuals while undermining the economy and social cohesion of entire communities. Policies that have nurtured the U.S. highway system and let public transportation wither have also led to ghettos and social isolation. More and more communities are recognizing the problem. This book explains the strategies and policies that can address inequities in the nation's transportation and transportation planning systems so that the benefits and burdens of those systems can be shared equally across all communities. With a close examination of how transportation policies affect individuals and communities, the book is a guide to transportation fairness. It explains the demographic trends, historical events, and current policies that have shaped transportation in the U.S. and offers recommendations for moving to equity.

Equity and Well Being

Equity and Well Being
Author: Hyun Hwa Son
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-04-03
ISBN 10: 113657932X
ISBN 13: 9781136579325
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equity and Well Being Book Review:

Equity is an abstract concept covering philosophical issues such as fairness and social justice, making its definition and measurement complex. This volume tackles these complexities head-on. The book is enriched with many empirical analyses and provides a comprehensive analysis of equity ranging from concepts and measurements to empirical illustrations and policy implications. After an extensive discussion on equity in the introduction, this volume begins with a chapter on well-being where the concepts of functioning and capability are discussed. This is followed by a few chapters on what an equitable distribution is and how equity can be measured. The volume then provides a definition and a methodology to measure equitable growth, examining the relationship between growth, inequality, and poverty. It also presents various empirical illustrations and country-specific experiences with three country case studies which assess whether publicly provided health and education services are equitable in developing Asia, examining the extent to which these social services favor the poor as well as the policy challenges to a more equitable delivery of these services. Finally, these country studies provide evidence–based policy recommendations to improve equity in social service delivery in developing countries. Achieving social equity has long been an important policy goal. There are relatively few studies on equity. This book aims to help fill this gap with an in-depth analysis of the issues associated with equity, covering its concept, measurement, and policy practices and implications.

The Evaluation of Transportation Investment Projects

The Evaluation of Transportation Investment Projects
Author: Joseph Berechman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2010-05-26
ISBN 10: 1135214077
ISBN 13: 9781135214074
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evaluation of Transportation Investment Projects Book Review:

Throughout the world, the use of some kind of a formal transportation project evaluation procedure is a requirement. Yet, by and large, these are partial; in fact, much weight is often placed on the initial -pre-engineering -phases of the planning process, when vital information, such as accurate costs and demand projections, is largely missing. Moreover, many of these procedures neglect to consider key issues such as project’s risks, capital costs financing, latent demand, market imperfections, labor force availability and various incompatibilities between trip rates, travel times and activity location. As a result, projects, which are judged as viable under such deficient evaluation schemes, may have had a significantly different projection of capital costs and demand should a well-founded, thorough, and efficient evaluation process be used. Against this background, this book’s main objective is to construct a comprehensive and methodical economic, planning and decision-making framework for the evaluation of proposed transportation infrastructure investment projects. Such a framework is founded on four key principles. It is based on well-established economic, transportation and policy-analysis theoretical principles; it is comprehensive enough to encompass all relevant evaluation issues; it is applicable to a wide range of transportation investment projects; and it is amenable to empirical application including a sensitivity analysis and alternative scenarios regarding urban, regional and national developments.

The Transport System and Transport Policy

The Transport System and Transport Policy
Author: Bert van Wee,Jan Anne Annema,David Banister
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0857936905
ISBN 13: 9780857936905
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Transport System and Transport Policy Book Review:

ÔThis very interesting book provides an excellent multi-disciplinary introduction into the functioning of transport systems and the interaction with their environments.Õ Ð Erik Verhoef, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands ÔThe editors of this important book have clearly identified that few writings on transport treat the transport system as a whole. Implicit in this is a need for a genuinely multidisciplinary approach. An impressive list of contributors ensures that the book draws on the latest research whilst providing new insights into some of the key challenges facing transport students and researchers, transport providers and policy makers.Õ Ð Roger Vickerman, University of Kent, UK ÔSince ancient times transportation has brought our world together. But the need for connectivity and accessibility in a spatially differentiated world has prompted the emergence of very complex transportation systems. This book offers a fresh and operational contribution to a better understanding of the complexity and manageability of a mobile world, by addressing in a balanced way both conceptual and applied or policy aspects of modern transportation systems.Õ Ð Peter Nijkamp, Free University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Transport impacts on people and businesses in many different ways, and presents some of the key problems that decision-makers need to address. This comprehensive textbook introduces the transport system in a holistic and multidisciplinary way, bringing together the myriad components of transport. This textbook is written for an international readership of undergraduate and postgraduate students in transport and related subjects, as well as for professionals and policy decision-makers across both public and private sectors. Key features include: ¥ Discussion of the importance of transport accessibility and the impacts of transport on the environment and safety ¥ Policy issues relating to all of the discussed issues and prescribed future options. ¥ Transport evaluation methods and modelling approaches. ¥ Examples to highlight the linkages between components of the transport system Ð for example infrastructures, land-use, vehicle technologies Ð and the relevance of these linkages for decision making.

Measuring Transportation Network Performance

Measuring Transportation Network Performance
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C101165521
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Transportation Network Performance Book Review:

Integrating Gender Into Transport Planning

Integrating Gender Into Transport Planning
Author: Christina Lindkvist Scholten,Tanja Joelsson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9783030050436
ISBN 13: 3030050432
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrating Gender Into Transport Planning Book Review:

This edited collection brings together feminist research on transport and planning from different epistemologies, with the intention to contribute to a more holistic transport planning practice. With a feminist perspective on transport policy and planning, the volume insists on the political character of transport planning and policy, and challenges gender-blindness in a policy area that impacts the everyday lives of women, men, girls, and boys. The chapters discuss everyday mobility as an embodied and situated activity in both conceptual and theoretical ways and suggest practical tools for change. The contributions of this collection are threefold: integrating gender research and transport planning, combining quantitative and qualitative gender research perspectives and methods, and highlighting the need to acknowledge the politicization of transport planning and transport practice.

Measuring the Unmeasurable in Education

Measuring the Unmeasurable in Education
Author: Elaine Unterhalter
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2020-04-28
ISBN 10: 0429815247
ISBN 13: 9780429815249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring the Unmeasurable in Education Book Review:

Debates around quality versus quantity in education can generate controversy about how quality is measured. Many question the drive to delineate and quantify precisely what works, suggesting that much value either cannot be measured or is distorted by measurement. This book explores how we can understand measurement in areas of education policy, planning, and practice that have not previously been considered measurable. The contributors ask four main questions: What do we measure and not measure when we try to measure the unmeasurable in education? When attempts have been made to measure the unmeasurable in education, what metrics have been adopted in which contexts, and with what outcomes? Why have measures been adopted as indicators of the unmeasurable, such as human rights? And how have particular organisations approached the problem of measuring the apparently unmeasurable in education, with what epistemological, normative, and conceptual resources, and consequences? The book draws on analyses from philosophy, history, sociology, and economics, with insights from national and international contexts. The contributions consider philosophical distinctions, historical experiences, and contemporary reflections on how to refine existing approaches to measurement of poverty, capability, rights, and the benefits of education. The discussion shows how measuring the unmeasurable takes account of the inequalities, complexities and uncertainties of work in education, thus suggesting a considerable deepening of the notion of education quality and measurement. This book was originally published as a special issue of Comparative Education.

Urban Transport Systems

Urban Transport Systems
Author: Hamid Yaghoubi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-01-18
ISBN 10: 9535128736
ISBN 13: 9789535128731
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Transport Systems Book Review:

This book contains a collection of latest research developments on the urban transportation systems. It describes rail transit systems, subways, bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, taxicabs, automobiles, etc. This book also studies the technical parameters and provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for urban transportation systems, including energy management systems, wireless communication systems, operations and maintenance systems, transport serviceability, environmental problems and solutions, simulation, modelling, analysis, design, safety and risk, standards, traffic congestion, ride quality, air quality, noise and vibration, financial and economic aspects, pricing strategies, etc. This professional book as a credible source can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, students, experienced technical professionals, practitioners and others interested in urban transportation systems.

Quality of Life in Cities

Quality of Life in Cities
Author: Alessandra Michelangeli
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2015-03-27
ISBN 10: 1317653610
ISBN 13: 9781317653615
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quality of Life in Cities Book Review:

In the last few decades, urban quality of life has received increasing interest from policy makers who aim to make cities better places to live. In addition to the aim of improving quality of life, sustainable and equitable development is also often included in the policy agendas of decision makers. This book aims to link quality of life to related issues such as sustainability, equity, and subjective well-being. While less than one-third of the world's population lived in cities in 1950, about two thirds of humanity is expected to live in urban areas by 2030. This dramatic increase in the number of people living in urban areas serves as the backdrop for this book’s analysis of cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers in economics, architecture and urban planning, sociology and political sciences, as well as policy makers.

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom
Author: Vincent-Lancrin Stéphan,Urgel Joaquin,Kar Soumyajit,Jacotin Gwénaël
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-03-05
ISBN 10: 926431167X
ISBN 13: 9789264311671
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom Book Review:

Measuring innovation in education and understanding how it works is essential to improve the quality of the education sector. Monitoring systematically how pedagogical practices evolve would considerably increase the international education knowledge base. We need to examine whether, and how ...

Streetfight

Streetfight
Author: Janette Sadik-Khan,Seth Solomonow
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2016-03-08
ISBN 10: 0698409418
ISBN 13: 9780698409415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Streetfight Book Review:

Like a modern-day Jane Jacobs, Janette Sadik-Khan transformed New York City's streets to make room for pedestrians, bikers, buses, and green spaces. Describing the battles she fought to enact change, Streetfight imparts wisdom and practical advice that other cities can follow to make their own streets safer and more vibrant. As New York City’s transportation commissioner, Janette Sadik-Khan managed the seemingly impossible and transformed the streets of one of the world’s greatest, toughest cities into dynamic spaces safe for pedestrians and bikers. Her approach was dramatic and effective: Simply painting a part of the street to make it into a plaza or bus lane not only made the street safer, but it also lessened congestion and increased foot traffic, which improved the bottom line of businesses. Real-life experience confirmed that if you know how to read the street, you can make it function better by not totally reconstructing it but by reallocating the space that’s already there. Breaking the street into its component parts, Streetfight demonstrates, with step-by-step visuals, how to rewrite the underlying “source code” of a street, with pointers on how to add protected bike paths, improve crosswalk space, and provide visual cues to reduce speeding. Achieving such a radical overhaul wasn’t easy, and Streetfight pulls back the curtain on the battles Sadik-Khan won to make her approach work. She includes examples of how this new way to read the streets has already made its way around the world, from pocket parks in Mexico City and Los Angeles to more pedestrian-friendly streets in Auckland and Buenos Aires, and innovative bike-lane designs and plazas in Austin, Indianapolis, and San Francisco. Many are inspired by the changes taking place in New York City and are based on the same techniques. Streetfight deconstructs, reassembles, and reinvents the street, inviting readers to see it in ways they never imagined.

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning
Author: Karst T. Geurs,Kevin J. Krizek,Aura Reggiani
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2012-01-01
ISBN 10: 1781000115
ISBN 13: 9781781000113
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning Book Review:

Accessibility is a concept central to integrated transport and land use planning. The goal of improving accessibility Ð for all modes, for all people Ð has made its way into mainstream transport policy and planning in communities worldwide. This unique book introduces new accessibility approaches to transport planning across Europe and the United States. The expert contributors present advanced interdisciplinary approaches in accessibility research and modelling with best practices in accessibility planning and evaluation, to better support integrated transport and land-use policy-making. This book will prove an absorbing read for scholars, researchers and students working on accessibility issues across different academic fields including transport geography, spatial economics and social science. Transport and urban planners will also find the book to be an invaluable reference tool.

Measuring Productivity OECD Manual Measurement of Aggregate and Industry level Productivity Growth

Measuring Productivity   OECD Manual Measurement of Aggregate and Industry level Productivity Growth
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2001-07-16
ISBN 10: 9264194517
ISBN 13: 9789264194519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Productivity OECD Manual Measurement of Aggregate and Industry level Productivity Growth Book Review:

This manual presents the theoretical foundations to productivity measurement, and discusses implementation and measurement issues.

The 30 minute City

The 30 minute City
Author: David M. Levinson
Publsiher: Blurb
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2019-12-27
ISBN 10: 9781714193486
ISBN 13: 1714193489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The 30 minute City Book Review:

This book describes how to create the 30-Minute City. The first part of the book explains accessibility. We next consider access through history (chapter 2). Access is the driving force behind how cities were built. Its use today is described when looking at access and the Greater Sydney Commission's plan for Sydney. We then examine short-run fixes: things that can be done instantaneously, or nearly so, at low budget to restore access for people, which include retiming traffic signals (chapter 3) and deploying bike sharing (chapter 5) supported by protected bike lane networks (chapter 4), as well public transport timetables (chapter 6). We explore medium-run fixes that include implementing rapid bus networks (chapter 7) and configuring how people get to train stations by foot and on bus (chapter 8). We turn to longer-run fixes. These are as much policy changes as large investments, and include job/worker balance (chapter 10) and network restructuring (chapter 9) as well as urban restoration (chapter 11), suburban retrofit (chapter 12), and greenfield development (chapter 13). We conclude with thoughts about the 'pointlessness' of cities and how to restructure practice (chapter 14). The appendices provide detail on access measurement (Appendix A), the idea of accessibility loss (B), valuation (C), the rationale for the 30-minute threshold (D), and reliability (E). It concludes with what should we research (F).

Human Transit

Human Transit
Author: Jarrett Walker
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 235
Release: 2012-07-29
ISBN 10: 1610911741
ISBN 13: 9781610911740
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Transit Book Review:

Public transit is a powerful tool for addressing a huge range of urban problems, including traffic congestion and economic development as well as climate change. But while many people support transit in the abstract, it's often hard to channel that support into good transit investments. Part of the problem is that transit debates attract many kinds of experts, who often talk past each other. Ordinary people listen to a little of this and decide that transit is impossible to figure out. Jarrett Walker believes that transit can be simple, if we focus first on the underlying geometry that all transit technologies share. In Human Transit, Walker supplies the basic tools, the critical questions, and the means to make smarter decisions about designing and implementing transit services. Human Transit explains the fundamental geometry of transit that shapes successful systems; the process for fitting technology to a particular community; and the local choices that lead to transit-friendly development. Whether you are in the field or simply a concerned citizen, here is an accessible guide to achieving successful public transit that will enrich any community.

Value Added Tax

Value Added Tax
Author: Mr.Alan A. Tait
Publsiher: International Monetary Fund
Total Pages: 467
Release: 1988-06-15
ISBN 10: 9781557750129
ISBN 13: 1557750122
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Value Added Tax Book Review:

This book, by Alan A. Tait, is an examination of VAT. It looks at problems and theoretical options and potential impacts, as well as detailing the practical aspects of implementing new tax structures. The author advances arguments for and against alternative policies and illustrates his study with international examples from Europe, Latin America, Asia, and the Pacific. He suggests that countries can learn from each other's experiencees with VAT.