Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events
Author: Andrew Tarko
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN 10: 0128105054
ISBN 13: 9780128105054
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events Book Review:

Measuring Road Safety Using Surrogate Events provides researchers and practitioners with the tools they need to quickly and effectively measure traffic safety. As traditional crash-based safety analyses are being undermined by today’s growing use of intelligent vehicular and road safety technologies, crash surrogates--or near misses--can be more effectively used to measure the future risk of crashes. This book advances the idea of using these near-crash techniques to deliver quicker and more adequate measurements of safety. It explores the relationships between traffic conflicts and crashes using an extrapolation of observed events rather than post-crash data, which is significantly slower to obtain. Readers will find sound estimation methods based on rigorous scientific principles, offering compelling new tools to better equip researchers to understand road safety and its factors. Consolidates the latest updates/ideas from disparate places into a single resource Establishes a consistent use of key terms, definitions and concepts to help codify this emerging field Contains numerous application-oriented case studies throughout Includes learning aids, such as chapter objectives, a glossary, and links to data used in examples

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling
Author: Dominique Lord,Xiao Qin,Srinivas R. Geedipally
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-02-27
ISBN 10: 0128168196
ISBN 13: 9780128168196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling Book Review:

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling comprehensively covers the key elements needed to make effective transportation engineering and policy decisions based on highway safety data analysis in a single. reference. The book includes all aspects of the decision-making process, from collecting and assembling data to developing models and evaluating analysis results. It discusses the challenges of working with crash and naturalistic data, identifies problems and proposes well-researched methods to solve them. Finally, the book examines the nuances associated with safety data analysis and shows how to best use the information to develop countermeasures, policies, and programs to reduce the frequency and severity of traffic crashes. Complements the Highway Safety Manual by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Provides examples and case studies for most models and methods Includes learning aids such as online data, examples and solutions to problems

Safe Mobility

Safe Mobility
Author: Dominique Lord,Simon Washington
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2018-04-18
ISBN 10: 1787148920
ISBN 13: 9781787148925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safe Mobility Book Review:

This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Safe Mobility

Safe Mobility
Author: Dominique Lord,Simon Washington
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2018-04-18
ISBN 10: 1786352249
ISBN 13: 9781786352248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safe Mobility Book Review:

This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue  Long Term Health  and Highway Safety
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Transportation Research Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Research Methodologies and Statistical Approaches to Understanding Driver Fatigue Factors in Motor Carrier Safety and Driver Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-08-12
ISBN 10: 0309392551
ISBN 13: 9780309392556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety Book Review:

There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have involved fatigued drivers. The stresses associated with their particular jobs (irregular schedules, etc.) and the lifestyle that many truck and bus drivers lead, puts them at substantial risk for insufficient sleep and for developing short- and long-term health problems. Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health and Highway Safety assesses the state of knowledge about the relationship of such factors as hours of driving, hours on duty, and periods of rest to the fatigue experienced by truck and bus drivers while driving and the implications for the safe operation of their vehicles. This report evaluates the relationship of these factors to drivers' health over the longer term, and identifies improvements in data and research methods that can lead to better understanding in both areas.

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa
Author: Winnie V. Mitullah,Marianne Vanderschuren,Meleckidzedeck Khayesi
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN 10: 1317086988
ISBN 13: 9781317086987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa Book Review:

What challenges do pedestrians and cyclists face in cities of the developing world? What opportunities do these cities have to provide for walking and cycling? Based on in-depth research conducted in Cape Town (South Africa), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Nairobi (Kenya), this book explores these questions by presenting work on walking and cycling travel behaviour, the status of road safety in these cities, as well as an analysis of the infrastructure for walking and cycling, and the workings of the institutions responsible for planning for these modes. The book also presents case studies relating to particular opportunities and challenges, such as the development and evaluation of ‘walking bus’ interventions, and the opportunities micro-simulation of pedestrian interventions offers within a data-scarce environment. Non-motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa demonstrates that transport and urban planning remains situated in a logic of automobile-dependent transport planning and global city development. This logic of practice does not pay adequate attention to walking and cycling. It argues that a significant shift in both policy as well as political commitment is needed so as to prioritize walking and cycling as strategies for sustainable transport policy in urban Africa. This book will be a key text for practitioners and policy makers working in planning, transport policy and urban development in Africa, as well as students and scholars of African studies, development studies, urban geography, transport studies and sustainable development.

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations
Author: Tim De Ceunynck
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 157
Release: 2017
ISBN 10: 9789089130587
ISBN 13: 9089130586
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations Book Review:

Highway Safety Manual

Highway Safety Manual
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: AASHTO
Total Pages: 3
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1560514779
ISBN 13: 9781560514770
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highway Safety Manual Book Review:

"The Highway Safety Manual (HSM) is a resource that provides safety knowledge and tools in a useful form to facilitate improved decision making based on safety performance. The focus of the HSM is to provide quantitative information for decision making. The HSM assembles currently available information and methodologies on measuring, estimating and evaluating roadways in terms of crash frequency (number of crashes per year) and crash severity (level of injuries due to crashes). The HSM presents tools and methodologies for consideration of 'safety' across the range of highway activities: planning, programming, project development, construction, operations, and maintenance. The purpose of this is to convey present knowledge regarding highway safety information for use by a broad array of transportation professionals"--P. xxiii.

Observational Before after Studies in Road Safety Estimating the Effect of Highway and Traffic Engineering Measures on Road Safety

Observational Before after Studies in Road Safety  Estimating the Effect of Highway and Traffic Engineering Measures on Road Safety
Author: Ezra Hauer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 305
Release: 1997
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:173303803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Observational Before after Studies in Road Safety Estimating the Effect of Highway and Traffic Engineering Measures on Road Safety Book Review:

Parkinson s Disease Second Edition

Parkinson s Disease  Second Edition
Author: Ronald F. Pfeiffer,Zbigniew K. Wszolek,Manuchair Ebadi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1308
Release: 2012-10-09
ISBN 10: 1439807140
ISBN 13: 9781439807149
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Parkinson s Disease Second Edition Book Review:

In recent years, considerable advances have been made in our knowledge and understanding of Parkinson's disease (PD). In particular, there has been an explosion of information regarding genetic contributions to the etiology of PD and an increased awareness of the importance of the non-motor features of the disease. Theories regarding the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PD have also been refined, and new treatment modalities and advances implemented. Reflecting these changes, this second edition features new chapters devoted to genetic aspects of PD, non-motor features of the disease, and aspects of the pathophysiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of PD.

Intelligent Transportation Related Complex Systems and Sensors

Intelligent Transportation Related Complex Systems and Sensors
Author: Kyandoghere Kyamakya,Jean Chamberlain Chedjou,Fadi Al-Machot,Ahmad Haj Mosa,Antoine Bagula
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN 10: 3036508481
ISBN 13: 9783036508481
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intelligent Transportation Related Complex Systems and Sensors Book Review:

Building around innovative services related to different modes of transport and traffic management, intelligent transport systems (ITS) are being widely adopted worldwide to improve the efficiency and safety of the transportation system. They enable users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and smarter decisions on the use of transport networks. Current ITSs are complex systems, made up of several components/sub-systems characterized by time-dependent interactions among themselves. Some examples of these transportation-related complex systems include: road traffic sensors, autonomous/automated cars, smart cities, smart sensors, virtual sensors, traffic control systems, smart roads, logistics systems, smart mobility systems, and many others that are emerging from niche areas. The efficient operation of these complex systems requires: i) efficient solutions to the issues of sensors/actuators used to capture and control the physical parameters of these systems, as well as the quality of data collected from these systems; ii) tackling complexities using simulations and analytical modelling techniques; and iii) applying optimization techniques to improve the performance of these systems.

Speed Management

Speed Management
Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2006-10-13
ISBN 10: 9282103781
ISBN 13: 9789282103784
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Speed Management Book Review:

Speeding is the number one road safety problem in a large number of OECD/ECMT countries. It is responsible for around one third of the current, unacceptably high levels of road fatalities. Speeding has an impact not only on accidents but also on the ...

Advances in Visual Computing

Advances in Visual Computing
Author: George Bebis,Richard Boyle,Bahram Parvin,Darko Koracin,Ioannis Pavlidis,Rogerio Feris,Tim McGraw,Mark Elendt,Regis Kopper,Eric Ragan,Zhao Ye,Gunther Weber
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 926
Release: 2015-12-17
ISBN 10: 3319278576
ISBN 13: 9783319278575
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Visual Computing Book Review:

The two volume set LNCS 9474 and LNCS 9475 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Visual Computing, ISVC 2015, held in Las Vegas, NV, USA in December 2015. The 115 revised full papers and 35 poster papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 260 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections: Part I (LNCS 9474) comprises computational bioimaging; computer graphics; motion and tracking; segmentation; recognition; visualization; mapping; modeling and surface reconstruction; advancing autonomy for aerial robotics; medical imaging; virtual reality; observing humans; spectral imaging and processing; intelligent transportation systems; visual perception and robotic systems. Part II (LNCS 9475): applications; 3D computer vision; computer graphics; segmentation; biometrics; pattern recognition; recognition; and virtual reality.

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering
Author: Shriniwas S. Arkatkar,S. Velmurugan,Ashish Verma
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 722
Release: 2020-08-28
ISBN 10: 9811537429
ISBN 13: 9789811537424
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering Book Review:

This book comprises select proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering (RATE 2018) with technical papers on the themes of traffic operation control and management, traffic safety and vulnerable road users, and sustainable transportation. It covers a wide range of topics, including advanced traffic data collection methods, big data analysis, mix-traffic characterization and modelling, travel time reliability, scenario of pedestrian and non-motorised vehicles (NMVs) traffic, regional traffic growth modelling, and applications of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in traffic management. The contents of this book offer up-to-date and practical knowledge on different aspects of traffic engineering, which is useful for students, researchers as well as practitioners.

Road Safety Annual Report 2017

Road Safety Annual Report 2017
Author: International Transport Forum
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 584
Release: 2017-10-10
ISBN 10: 9282108201
ISBN 13: 9789282108208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Road Safety Annual Report 2017 Book Review:

The IRTAD Road Safety Annual Report 2017 provides an overview of road safety performance for 2015 in 40 countries, with preliminary data for 2016, and detailed reports for each country. It includes tables with cross country comparisons on key safety indicators. The report outlines the most ...

Driver Distraction

Driver Distraction
Author: Kristie Young,John D. Lee,Michael A. Regan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2008-10-15
ISBN 10: 9781420007497
ISBN 13: 1420007491
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Driver Distraction Book Review:

A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety
Author: Laura Fraade-Blanar,Marjory S. Blumenthal,James M. Anderson,Nidhi Kalra
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2018-10-15
ISBN 10: 9781977401649
ISBN 13: 1977401643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety Book Review:

This report presents a framework for measuring safety in automated vehicles (AVs): how to define safety for AVs, how to measure safety for AVs, and how to communicate what is learned or understood about AVs.

Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction

Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction
Author: Gary L. Rupp
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9780768034967
ISBN 13: 0768034965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction Book Review:

This book focuses on the study of secondary task demands imposed by in-vehicle devices on the driver while driving. It provides a mechanism for researchers to evaluate how in-vehicle devices such as navigation systems - as well as other devices such as cell phones - affect driver distraction and impact safety. This book, which features the work presented by international experts at the 4th International Driver Metrics Workshop, in June 2008, offers a summary of the current state of driver metrics research. Edited by workshop moderator Dr. Gary L. Rupp, the book introduces vital information to support the design of in-vehicle information and communication systems (IVIS). Topics covered include: Driver object and event detection Peripheral detection tasks (PDT) Tactile-based detection tasks (TDT) Modified Sternberg method for assessing visual and cognitive load of in-vehicle tasks Modified Sternberg method for assessing peripheral detection task and lane change tests The relationship between performance metrics and crash risk Characterising driver behaviours observed in naturalist driving studies Developing metrics from lane change test studies

Sports Related Concussions in Youth

Sports Related Concussions in Youth
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Sports-Related Concussions in Youth
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2014-02-04
ISBN 10: 0309288037
ISBN 13: 9780309288033
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sports Related Concussions in Youth Book Review:

In the past decade, few subjects at the intersection of medicine and sports have generated as much public interest as sports-related concussions - especially among youth. Despite growing awareness of sports-related concussions and campaigns to educate athletes, coaches, physicians, and parents of young athletes about concussion recognition and management, confusion and controversy persist in many areas. Currently, diagnosis is based primarily on the symptoms reported by the individual rather than on objective diagnostic markers, and there is little empirical evidence for the optimal degree and duration of physical rest needed to promote recovery or the best timing and approach for returning to full physical activity. Sports-Related Concussions in Youth: Improving the Science, Changing the Culture reviews the science of sports-related concussions in youth from elementary school through young adulthood, as well as in military personnel and their dependents. This report recommends actions that can be taken by a range of audiences - including research funding agencies, legislatures, state and school superintendents and athletic directors, military organizations, and equipment manufacturers, as well as youth who participate in sports and their parents - to improve what is known about concussions and to reduce their occurrence. Sports-Related Concussions in Youth finds that while some studies provide useful information, much remains unknown about the extent of concussions in youth; how to diagnose, manage, and prevent concussions; and the short- and long-term consequences of concussions as well as repetitive head impacts that do not result in concussion symptoms. The culture of sports negatively influences athletes' self-reporting of concussion symptoms and their adherence to return-to-play guidance. Athletes, their teammates, and, in some cases, coaches and parents may not fully appreciate the health threats posed by concussions. Similarly, military recruits are immersed in a culture that includes devotion to duty and service before self, and the critical nature of concussions may often go unheeded. According to Sports-Related Concussions in Youth, if the youth sports community can adopt the belief that concussions are serious injuries and emphasize care for players with concussions until they are fully recovered, then the culture in which these athletes perform and compete will become much safer. Improving understanding of the extent, causes, effects, and prevention of sports-related concussions is vitally important for the health and well-being of youth athletes. The findings and recommendations in this report set a direction for research to reach this goal.

Identification of Surrogate Measures of Safety and Means to Assess the Performance of Connected Vehicles

Identification of Surrogate Measures of Safety and Means to Assess the Performance of Connected Vehicles
Author: Elhashemi Mohammed Ali
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 167
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780438806702
ISBN 13: 0438806700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identification of Surrogate Measures of Safety and Means to Assess the Performance of Connected Vehicles Book Review:

Sudden changes in weather conditions might have a tremendous impact on traffic operation and safety. Previous studies investigated the impact of adverse weather conditions on traffic safety and to what extent these conditions may increase crash risks on roadways. The increase in weather-related crashes has motivated researchers to study driver behavior and performance under different weather conditions. Adverse weather affects driver decisions and may result in taking improper actions while facing a crash/near-crash event in comparison with clear weather conditions. While driver behavior and performance are considered among the key contributing factors to crashes, little research have been conducted to fully understand the difference between normal driving and safety critical scenarios for developing crash prevention means. Monitoring driver behavior and performance during a safety critical event has been a challenging task for researchers due to the lack of detailed event records. Moreover, the issues associated with traditional police records of crashes have limited a comprehensive analysis of how the deviation from normal driving may lead to a culmination of crashes. In addition, one of the main reasons for the increase number of crashes on roadways is that drivers may not appropriately adapt their behaviors to compensate for adverse weather conditions. The lack of real-time trajectory-level weather information and the sporadic data collected from weather stations have limited researchers from conducting sound safety studies. This study attempts to fulfill some of the research gaps to assist transportation agencies and traffic safety researchers to improve safety and mobility. In general, the research efforts conducted in this dissertation aims to improve traffic safety in adverse weather conditions on freeways. In addition, this dissertation aims to provide practical recommendations to transportation agencies that can efficiently enhance traffic safety in Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) environments. The dissertation goal was achieved through utilizing different subsets of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP2) – Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) data. The utilization of the NDS real-time trajectory dataset would open a new horizon in traffic safety research related to connected and automated vehicles. In this study, five main research objectives, each with multiple tasks, were set to enhance traffic safety in adverse weather conditions. The first objective was to provide a better understanding of what happened before and during a near-crash event and comparing it with normal matched trips. This objective would help to develop effective countermeasures that reduce crash risks on freeways. The second objective was to detect Surrogate Measures of Safety (SMoS) on freeways by comparing environmental conditions and vehicle kinematics signatures of near-crash events to their matched normal driving trips. A time-chunking technique was used with different aggregation levels to monitor changes in vehicle kinematics on a timescale. This approach established a comparative study of parametric and non-parametric techniques to estimate near-crashes on freeways. A Binary Logistic Regression model was used as a parametric prediction model, while the Decision Tree (DT), k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN), and Deep Learning Artificial Neural Network (ANN) were used as non-parametric prediction models. The results showed that the logistic regression model has provided an excellent fit to the input data and can predict near-crashes with an outstanding accuracy. In addition, DT and Deep Learning ANN machine learning algorithms showed higher prediction accuracy of near-crashes compared to the k-NN algorithm. The third objective was to investigate normal and risky driving condition patterns under both rainy and clear weather conditions. The fourth objective was to distinguish between normal driving and risky driving condition patterns in rainy and clear weather conditions using real-time trajectory-level datasets. To achieve the third and fourth objectives, the SHRP2 - NDS data were employed to investigate the behavior of normal and risky driving under both rainy and clear weather conditions. Near-crash events on freeways, which were used as Surrogate Measure of Safety (SMoS) for crash risk, were identified based on the changes in vehicle kinematics, including speed, longitudinal and lateral acceleration and deceleration rates, and yaw rates. Through a trajectory-level data analysis, there were significant differences in driving patterns between rainy and clear weather conditions; factors that affected crash risk mainly included driver reaction and response time, their evasive maneuvers such as changes in acceleration rates and yaw rates, and lane-changing maneuvers. A cluster analysis method was employed to classify driving patterns into two clusters: normal and risky driving condition patterns, respectively. Statistical results showed that risky driving patterns started one second earlier in rainy weather condition than in clear weather condition. Furthermore, risky driving patterns extended three seconds in rainy weather condition, while it was two seconds in clear weather condition.