Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events
Author: Andrew Tarko
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN 10: 0128105054
ISBN 13: 9780128105054
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events Book Review:

Measuring Road Safety Using Surrogate Events provides researchers and practitioners with the tools they need to quickly and effectively measure traffic safety. As traditional crash-based safety analyses are being undermined by today’s growing use of intelligent vehicular and road safety technologies, crash surrogates--or near misses--can be more effectively used to measure the future risk of crashes. This book advances the idea of using these near-crash techniques to deliver quicker and more adequate measurements of safety. It explores the relationships between traffic conflicts and crashes using an extrapolation of observed events rather than post-crash data, which is significantly slower to obtain. Readers will find sound estimation methods based on rigorous scientific principles, offering compelling new tools to better equip researchers to understand road safety and its factors. Consolidates the latest updates/ideas from disparate places into a single resource Establishes a consistent use of key terms, definitions and concepts to help codify this emerging field Contains numerous application-oriented case studies throughout Includes learning aids, such as chapter objectives, a glossary, and links to data used in examples

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa
Author: Winnie V. Mitullah,Marianne Vanderschuren,Meleckidzedeck Khayesi
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN 10: 1317086988
ISBN 13: 9781317086987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa Book Review:

What challenges do pedestrians and cyclists face in cities of the developing world? What opportunities do these cities have to provide for walking and cycling? Based on in-depth research conducted in Cape Town (South Africa), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Nairobi (Kenya), this book explores these questions by presenting work on walking and cycling travel behaviour, the status of road safety in these cities, as well as an analysis of the infrastructure for walking and cycling, and the workings of the institutions responsible for planning for these modes. The book also presents case studies relating to particular opportunities and challenges, such as the development and evaluation of ‘walking bus’ interventions, and the opportunities micro-simulation of pedestrian interventions offers within a data-scarce environment. Non-motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa demonstrates that transport and urban planning remains situated in a logic of automobile-dependent transport planning and global city development. This logic of practice does not pay adequate attention to walking and cycling. It argues that a significant shift in both policy as well as political commitment is needed so as to prioritize walking and cycling as strategies for sustainable transport policy in urban Africa. This book will be a key text for practitioners and policy makers working in planning, transport policy and urban development in Africa, as well as students and scholars of African studies, development studies, urban geography, transport studies and sustainable development.

Safe Mobility

Safe Mobility
Author: Dominique Lord,Simon Washington
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2018-04-18
ISBN 10: 1786352249
ISBN 13: 9781786352248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safe Mobility Book Review:

This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue  Long Term Health  and Highway Safety
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Transportation Research Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Research Methodologies and Statistical Approaches to Understanding Driver Fatigue Factors in Motor Carrier Safety and Driver Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-09-12
ISBN 10: 0309392527
ISBN 13: 9780309392525
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety Book Review:

There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have involved fatigued drivers. The stresses associated with their particular jobs (irregular schedules, etc.) and the lifestyle that many truck and bus drivers lead, puts them at substantial risk for insufficient sleep and for developing short- and long-term health problems. Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health and Highway Safety assesses the state of knowledge about the relationship of such factors as hours of driving, hours on duty, and periods of rest to the fatigue experienced by truck and bus drivers while driving and the implications for the safe operation of their vehicles. This report evaluates the relationship of these factors to drivers' health over the longer term, and identifies improvements in data and research methods that can lead to better understanding in both areas.

Highway Safety Literature

Highway Safety Literature
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1979
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:30000011631839
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highway Safety Literature Book Review:

Highway Safety Literature

Highway Safety Literature
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:31951P00292753O
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highway Safety Literature Book Review:

Atmospheric Emergencies

Atmospheric Emergencies
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 38
Release: 1983
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C100902997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atmospheric Emergencies Book Review:

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety
Author: Laura Fraade-Blanar,Marjory S. Blumenthal,James M. Anderson,Nidhi Kalra
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2018-10-15
ISBN 10: 9781977401649
ISBN 13: 1977401643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety Book Review:

This report presents a framework for measuring safety in automated vehicles (AVs): how to define safety for AVs, how to measure safety for AVs, and how to communicate what is learned or understood about AVs.

Driver Distraction

Driver Distraction
Author: Kristie Young,John D. Lee,Michael A. Regan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2008-10-15
ISBN 10: 9781420007497
ISBN 13: 1420007491
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Driver Distraction Book Review:

A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement

Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Transportation Research Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on the Review of the Compliance, Safety, and Accountability (CSA) Program of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2017-10-01
ISBN 10: 0309462010
ISBN 13: 9780309462013
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement Book Review:

Every year roughly 100,000 fatal and injury crashes occur in the United States involving large trucks and buses. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) in the U.S. Department of Transportation works to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses. FMCSA uses information that is collected on the frequency of approximately 900 different violations of safety regulations discovered during (mainly) roadside inspections to assess motor carriers' compliance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, as well as to evaluate their compliance in comparison with their peers. Through use of this information, FMCSA's Safety Measurement System (SMS) identifies carriers to receive its available interventions in order to reduce the risk of crashes across all carriers. Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement examines the effectiveness of the use of the percentile ranks produced by SMS for identifying high-risk carriers, and if not, what alternatives might be preferred. In addition, this report evaluates the accuracy and sufficiency of the data used by SMS, to assess whether other approaches to identifying unsafe carriers would identify high-risk carriers more effectively, and to reflect on how members of the public use the SMS and what effect making the SMS information public has had on reducing crashes.

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety
Author: Christina Rudin-Brown,Samantha Jamson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 467
Release: 2013-05-24
ISBN 10: 1439856672
ISBN 13: 9781439856673
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety Book Review:

Despite being an accepted construct in traffic and transport psychology, the precise nature of behavioural adaptation, including its causes and consequences, has not yet been established within the road safety community. A comprehensive collection of recent literature, Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety: Theory, Evidence, and Action explores behavioural adaptation in road users. It examines behavioural adaptation within the context of historical and theoretical perspectives, and puts forth tangible—and practical—solutions that can effectively address adverse behavioural adaptation to road safety interventions before it occurs. Edited by Christina Rudin-Brown and Samantha Jamson, with chapters authored by leading road safety experts in driver psychology and behaviour, the book introduces the concept of behavioural adaptation and details its more relevant issues. It reviews the definition of behavioural adaptation that was put forward by the OECD in 1990 and then puts this definition through its paces, identifying where it may be lacking and how it might be improved. This sets the context for the remaining chapters which take the OECD definition as their starting points. The book discusses the various theories and models of behavioural adaptation and more general theories of driver behaviour developed during the last half century. It provides examples of the "evidence" for behavioural adaptation—instances in which behavioural adaptation arose as a consequence of the introduction of safety countermeasures. The book then focuses on the internal, "human" element and considers countermeasures that might be used to limit the development of behavioural adaptation in various road user groups. The book concludes with practical tools and methodologies to address behavioural adaptation in research and design, and to limit the potential negative effects before they happen. Supplying easy-to-understand, accessible solutions that can be implemented early on in a road safety intervention’s design or conception phase, the chapters represent the most extensive compilation of literature relating to behavioural adaptation and its consequences since the 1990 OECD report. The book brings together earlier theories of behavioural adaptation with more recent theories in the area and combines them with practical advice, methods, and tangible solutions that can minimise the potential negative impact of behavioural adaptation on road user safety and address it before it occurs. It is an essential component of any road safety library, and should be of particular relevance to researchers, practitioners, designers, and policymakers who are interested in maximizing safety while at the same time encouraging innovation and excellence in road transport-related design.

Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction

Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction
Author: Gary L. Rupp
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9780768034967
ISBN 13: 0768034965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction Book Review:

This text focuses on the study of secondary task demands imposed by in-vehicle devices on the driver while driving. It provides a mechanism for researchers to evaluate how in-vehicle devices such as navigation systems - as well as other devices such as cell phones - affect driver distraction and impact safety.

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention
Author: Marjorie Peden
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 52
Release: 2008-09-01
ISBN 10: 1437904068
ISBN 13: 9781437904062
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention Book Review:

Every day thousands of people are killed and injured on our roads. Millions of people each year will spend long weeks in the hospital after severe crashes and many will never be able to live, work or play as they used to do. Current efforts to address road safety are minimal in comparison to this growing human suffering. This report presents a comprehensive overview of what is known about the magnitude, risk factors and impact of road traffic injuries, and about ways to prevent and lessen the impact of road crashes. Over 100 experts, from all continents and different sectors -- including transport, engineering, health, police, education and civil society -- have worked to produce the report. Charts and tables.

Road Safety Annual Report 2017

Road Safety Annual Report 2017
Author: International Transport Forum
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 584
Release: 2017-10-10
ISBN 10: 9282108201
ISBN 13: 9789282108208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Road Safety Annual Report 2017 Book Review:

The IRTAD Road Safety Annual Report 2017 provides an overview of road safety performance for 2015 in 40 countries, with preliminary data for 2016, and detailed reports for each country. It includes tables with cross country comparisons on key safety indicators. The report outlines the most ...

Computer Vision and Imaging in Intelligent Transportation Systems

Computer Vision and Imaging in Intelligent Transportation Systems
Author: Robert P. Loce,Raja Bala,Mohan Trivedi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2017-03-20
ISBN 10: 1118971647
ISBN 13: 9781118971642
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Vision and Imaging in Intelligent Transportation Systems Book Review:

Acts as single source reference providing readers with an overview of how computer vision can contribute to the different applications in the field of road transportation This book presents a survey of computer vision techniques related to three key broad problems in the roadway transportation domain: safety, efficiency, and law enforcement. The individual chapters present significant applications within those problem domains, each presented in a tutorial manner, describing the motivation for and benefits of the application, and a description of the state of the art. Key features: Surveys the applications of computer vision techniques to road transportation system for the purposes of improving safety and efficiency and to assist law enforcement. Offers a timely discussion as computer vision is reaching a point of being useful in the field of transportation systems. Available as an enhanced eBook with video demonstrations to further explain the concepts discussed in the book, as well as links to publically available software and data sets for testing and algorithm development. The book will benefit the many researchers, engineers and practitioners of computer vision, digital imaging, automotive and civil engineering working in intelligent transportation systems. Given the breadth of topics covered, the text will present the reader with new and yet unconceived possibilities for application within their communities.

Medical Statistics

Medical Statistics
Author: Jennifer Peat,Belinda Barton
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 0470755202
ISBN 13: 9780470755204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Statistics Book Review:

Holistic approach to understanding medical statistics This hands-on guide is much more than a basic medical statistics introduction. It equips you with the statistical tools required for evidence-based clinical research. Each chapter provides a clear step-by-step guide to each statistical test with practical instructions on how to generate and interpret the numbers, and present the results as scientific tables or graphs. Showing you how to: analyse data with the help of data set examples (Click here to download datasets) select the correct statistics and report results for publication or presentation understand and critically appraise results reported in the literature Each statistical test is linked to the research question and the type of study design used. There are also checklists for critically appraising the literature and web links to useful internet sites. Clear and concise explanations, combined with plenty of examples and tabulated explanations are based on the authors’ popular medical statistics courses. Critical appraisal guidelines at the end of each chapter help the reader evaluate the statistical data in their particular contexts.

Accident Surrogates for Use in Analyzing Highway Safety Hazards Volume III Appendices A G Final Report

Accident Surrogates for Use in Analyzing Highway Safety Hazards  Volume III  Appendices A G  Final Report
Author: Tapan K. Datta
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 175
Release: 1983
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015075429327
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accident Surrogates for Use in Analyzing Highway Safety Hazards Volume III Appendices A G Final Report Book Review:

Extreme Value Theory

Extreme Value Theory
Author: Laurens de Haan,Ana Ferreira
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2007-12-09
ISBN 10: 0387344713
ISBN 13: 9780387344713
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Value Theory Book Review:

Focuses on theoretical results along with applications All the main topics covering the heart of the subject are introduced to the reader in a systematic fashion Concentration is on the probabilistic and statistical aspects of extreme values Excellent introduction to extreme value theory at the graduate level, requiring only some mathematical maturity

Getting to Zero Alcohol Impaired Driving Fatalities

Getting to Zero Alcohol Impaired Driving Fatalities
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Accelerating Progress to Reduce Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2018-05-25
ISBN 10: 0309468264
ISBN 13: 9780309468268
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Getting to Zero Alcohol Impaired Driving Fatalities Book Review:

Alcohol-impaired driving is an important health and social issue as it remains a major risk to Americans' health today, surpassing deaths per year of certain cancers, HIV/AIDS, and drownings, among others, and contributing to long-term disabilities from head and spinal injuries. Progress has been made over the past decades towards reducing these trends, but that progress has been incremental and has stagnated more recently. Getting to Zero Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities examines which interventions (programs, systems, and policies) are most promising to prevent injuries and death from alcohol-impaired driving, the barriers to action and approaches to overcome them, and which interventions need to be changed or adopted. This report makes broad-reaching recommendations that will serve as a blueprint for the nation to accelerate the progress in reducing alcohol-impaired driving fatalities.

Speed Management

Speed Management
Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2006-10-13
ISBN 10: 9282103781
ISBN 13: 9789282103784
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Speed Management Book Review:

Speeding is the number one road safety problem in a large number of OECD/ECMT countries. It is responsible for around one third of the current, unacceptably high levels of road fatalities. Speeding has an impact not only on accidents but also on the ...