Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences
Author: Michel Lamothe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2019-12-15
ISBN 10: 9780128172445
ISBN 13: 0128172444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences Book Review:

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences covers the exponential number of applications and significant advances in methodology that have come to light since the early 2000s. It addition, it presents other aspects of the topic, including luminescence physics, its solid-state phenomenology, and theoretical and applied dosimetry. This book bridges the divide between users and practitioners of luminescence dating by reaching a large community of users in geology, geomorphology and archaeology. It will appeal to students, faculty members and private industry researchers, providing a brief discussion of the basic principles of luminescence dating. These principles will be further illustrated through case studies that examine both the potential and the limitations of luminescence dating. Covers basic physics and solid-state background principles Features case studies that illuminate both the potential and limitations of luminescence dating Includes instructions for recently developed technical tools, statistical packages, and field and laboratory protocols

Luminescence

Luminescence
Author: Jagannathan Thirumalai
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2016-11-10
ISBN 10: 9535127624
ISBN 13: 9789535127628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Book Review:

The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology  Anthropology  and Geoarchaeology
Author: Ioannis Liritzis,Ashok Kumar Singhvi,James K. Feathers,Gunther A. Wagner,Annette Kadereit,Nikolaos Zacharias,Sheng-Hua Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2013-07-05
ISBN 10: 3319001701
ISBN 13: 9783319001708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology Book Review:

The field of Luminescence Dating has reached a level of maturity. Both research and applications from all fields of archaeological science, from archaeological materials to anthropology and geoarchaeology, now routinely employ luminescence dating. The advent of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques and the potential for exploring a spectrum of grain aliquots enhanced the applicability, accuracy and the precision of luminescence dating. The present contribution reviews the physical basis, mechanisms and methodological aspects of luminescence dating; discusses advances in instrumentations and facilities, improvements in analytical procedures, and statistical treatment of data along with some examples of applications across continents, covering all periods (Middle Palaeolithic to Medieval) and both Old and New World archaeology. They also include interdisciplinary applications that contribute to palaeo-landscape reconstruction.

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia
Author: E. M. Scott,Andrey Yu. Alekseev,Ganna Zaitseva
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2006-02-25
ISBN 10: 1402026560
ISBN 13: 9781402026560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia Book Review:

This book is a collection of the articles presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW 979859) held in St. Petersburg, from the 15-18 November 2003 in the Hermitage Museum. The title of the workshop was “The impact of the environment on Human Migration in Eurasia”. More than 40 scientists from Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium, Finland, Lithuania and Latvia took part. The themes of the workshop focused on the origin, development, interactions, and migrations of prehistoric and ancient populations, specifically the Scythians, in Eurasia and their relationships with the environment of the time. The discussion of these questions necessitated the participation of specialists from a wide range of academic fields. Beyond any doubt, the environment played an important role in the life of ancient nomadic populations, forming the basis of their economies and influencing various aspects of their mode of life. In this respect, the collaboration of specialists in the Humanities and Science is essential for the solution of scientific questions concerning these peoples. Over the past few years, a large amount of new proxy data related to environmental changes during the Pleistocene and the Holocene and their impact on human life has become available. Our discussion was predominantly limited to environmental changes related to the Holocene. In st this period of about 10000 years, the main focus was on the 1 millennium BC.

Geochronology

Geochronology
Author: Nils-Axel Morner
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2014-07-25
ISBN 10: 9535116436
ISBN 13: 9789535116431
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochronology Book Review:

Chronology is the backbone of history, and there is a wise saying stating there is no history without a chronology. Earths evolutionary history is built up by geochronology, i.e. time benchmarks upon which the geological history is built up step by step over its total time period of about 4.5 billion years. The first marker in this history is the Jack Hills zircon from Australia dated at about 4.4 GA. The most detailed records come from seasonal changes within annual varves. Stratigraphy provides the basic chronological ordering of layers by layers, units by units, fossil assemblage by assemblage, varves by varves, growth zone by growth zone, etc. The radiometric techniques implied the introduction of absolute age determinations. This book includes a combination of methodological presentations and related case studies, from where we learn about practical problems and achievements. Therefore, the book should be of basic interest both for scientists in their practical in field and laboratory, as well as for general educational purpose.

Methods in Dating and Other Applications using Luminescence

Methods in Dating and Other Applications using Luminescence
Author: James K. Feathers
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-12-14
ISBN 10: 3039287923
ISBN 13: 9783039287925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Dating and Other Applications using Luminescence Book Review:

Trapped charge dating is a commonly used chronological tool in Earth Sciences and Archaeology. The two principle methods are luminescence dating and electron spin resonance. Both are based on stored energy produced by the absorption of natural radioactivity in common minerals such as quartz and feldspars, and in some biological materials such as tooth enamel. Methodological developments in the last 20 years have substantially increased the accuracy and precision of these methods. This compilation offers a taste of the recent research into both method and applications.

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods
Author: W. Jack Rink,Jeroen W. Thompson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 978
Release: 2015-08-15
ISBN 10: 9789400763036
ISBN 13: 9400763034
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods Book Review:

This volume provides an overview of (1) the physical and chemical foundations of dating methods and (2) the applications of dating methods in the geological sciences, biology, and archaeology, in almost 200 articles from over 200 international authors. It will serve as the most comprehensive treatise on widely accepted dating methods in the earth sciences and related fields. No other volume has a similar scope, in terms of methods and applications and particularly time range. Dating methods are used to determine the timing and rate of various processes, such as sedimentation (terrestrial and marine), tectonics, volcanism, geomorphological change, cooling rates, crystallization, fluid flow, glaciation, climate change and evolution. The volume includes applications in terrestrial and extraterrestrial settings, the burgeoning field of molecular-clock dating and topics in the intersection of earth sciences with forensics. The content covers a broad range of techniques and applications. All major accepted dating techniques are included, as well as all major datable materials.

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry
Author: L. Boetter-Jensen,S.W.S. McKeever,A.G. Wintle
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2003-10-24
ISBN 10: 9780080538075
ISBN 13: 008053807X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry Book Review:

Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) has become the technique of choice for many areas of radiation dosimetry. The technique is finding widespread application in a variety of radiation dosimetry fields, including personal monitoring, environmental monitoring, retrospective dosimetry (including geological dating and accident dosimetry), space dosimetry, and many more. In this book we have attempted to synthesize the major advances in the field, covering both fundamental understanding and the many applications. The latter serve to demonstrate the success and popularity of OSL as a dosimetry method. The book is designed for researchers and radiation dosimetry practitioners alike. It delves into the detailed theory of the process from the point of view of stimulated relaxation phenomena, describing the energy storage and release processes phenomenologically and developing detailed mathematical descriptions to enable a quantitative understanding of the observed phenomena. The various stimulation modes (continuous wave, pulsed, or linear modulation) are introduced and compared. The properties of the most important synthetic OSL materials beginning with the dominant carbon-doped Al2O3, and moving through discussions of other, less-well studied but nevertheless important, or potentially important, materials. The OSL properties of the two most important natural OSL dosimetry material types, namely quartz and feldspars are discussed in depth. The applications chapters deal with the use of OSL in personal, environmental, medical and UV dosimetry, geological dating and retrospective dosimetry (accident dosimetry and dating). Finally the developments in instrumentation that have occurred over the past decade or more are described. The book will find use in those laboratories within academia, national institutes and the private sector where research and applications in radiation dosimetry using luminescence are being conducted. Potential readers include personnel involved in radiation protection practice and research, hospitals, nuclear power stations, radiation clean-up and remediation, food irradiation and materials processing, security monitoring, geological and archaeological dating, luminescence studies of minerals, etc.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 5622
Release: 2020-12-16
ISBN 10: 0081029098
ISBN 13: 9780081029091
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geology Book Review:

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Earth Sciences and Archaeology

Earth Sciences and Archaeology
Author: Paul Goldberg,Vance T. Holliday,C. Reid Ferring
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 513
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1461511836
ISBN 13: 9781461511830
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth Sciences and Archaeology Book Review:

This volume brings together contributions from an experienced group of archaeologists and geologists whose common objective is to present thorough and current reviews of the diverse ways in which methods from the earth sciences can contribute to archaeological research. Many areas of research are addressed here, including artifact analysis and sourcing, landscape reconstruction and site formation analysis, soil micromorphology and geophysical exploration of buried sites.

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments
Author: William M. Last,John P. Smol
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2006-04-11
ISBN 10: 030647669X
ISBN 13: 9780306476693
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Book Review:

Origins of fallout radionuclides Sediment records of fallout radionuclides Simple dating models Vertical mixing Numerical techniques Radiometric techniques Discussion Summary Acknowledgements References 10. chronostratigraphic techniques in paleolimnology. Svante Björck & Barbara Wohlfarth 205 Introduction Methods and problems Radiocarbon-dating different fractions of the sediment as a chronostratigraphic tool Dating of long (old) stratigraphies High resolution dating and wiggle matching dating versus absolute dating techniques of lacustrine sediments Concluding remarks Summary Useful www addresses Acknowledgements References 11. Varve chronology techniques. Scott Lamoureux 247 Introduction Methods Summary and future directions Acknowledgements References 12. Luminescence dating. Olav B. Lian & D. J. Huntley 261 Introduction The mechanism responsible for luminescence Dating and estimation of the paleodose Thermoluminescence dating Optical dating Evaluating the environmental dose rate xi Sample collection and preparation What types of depositional environments are suitable for luminescence dating? What can lead to an inaccurate optical age? Summary Acknowledgements References 13. Electron spin resonance (ESR) dating in lacustrine environments. Bonnie A. B. Blackwell 283 Introduction Principles of ESR analysis Sample collection ESR analysis ESR microscopy and other new techniques Applications and datable materials in limnological settings Summary Acknowledgements References 14. Use of paleomagnetism in studies of lake sediments. John King & John Peck 371 Introduction Recording fidelity of geomagnetic behavior by sediments Field and laboratory methods Holocene SV records Magnetostratigraphic studies of Neogene lake sediments Excursions, short events and relative paleointensity Conclusions Summary References 15. Amino acid racemization (AAR) dating and analysis in lacustrine environments.

The Rhine Meuse System in a New Light

The Rhine Meuse System in a New Light
Author: Jakob Wallinga
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105113022789
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Rhine Meuse System in a New Light Book Review:

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
Author: Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2020-07-25
ISBN 10: 0128156872
ISBN 13: 9780128156872
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves Book Review:

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Optical Technologies in the Humanities

Optical Technologies in the Humanities
Author: Dieter Dirksen,Gert von Bally
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642608728
ISBN 13: 9783642608728
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Technologies in the Humanities Book Review:

New high-tech developments in the field of optics show increasing applicability not only in classical technological fields but also in the humanities. This book contains selected contributions to an international, interdisciplinary joint conference on "New Technologies in the Humanities" and "Optics Within Life Sciences". Its objective is to forward interdisciplinary information and communication between specialists in optics, medicine, biology, environmental sciences, and cultural heritage. It is unique as a presentation of new optical technologies for cultural heritage protection.

Thermoluminescence Dating

Thermoluminescence Dating
Author: Martin Jim Aitken
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 359
Release: 1985
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X001011792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoluminescence Dating Book Review:

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology
Author: R.E. Taylor,Martin J. Aitken
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 1475796943
ISBN 13: 9781475796940
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology Book Review:

Since World War II, there has been tremendous success in the development of new methods for dating artifacts; the so-called `radiocarbon revolution' was only the first such discovery. The increasing accuracy of the various new techniques has brought about major changes in archaeological research strategies. This important new text compiles the work of some of today's most innovative archaeologists who summarize progress in their respective techniques over the last 30 years - with an emphasis on developments of the last five - and the status of current research.

Luminescence Dating of Quarternary Volcanic Events

Luminescence Dating of Quarternary Volcanic Events
Author: Morteza Fattahi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015051811894
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating of Quarternary Volcanic Events Book Review:

Handbook of Luminescence Dating

Handbook of Luminescence Dating
Author: Mark D. Bateman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2019-05
ISBN 10: 9781849953955
ISBN 13: 1849953953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Luminescence Dating Book Review:

Luminescence dating is now widely applied by scientists working in Quaternary geology and archaeology to obtain ages for events as diverse as past earthquakes, desertification and cave occupation sites. Using quartz or feldspar minerals found in almost ubiquitous sand and finer sediments, luminescence can provide ages from over 500,000 years ago to modern.Written by some of the foremost experts in luminescence dating from around the world, this book takes a new approach. It explains what luminescence can and can't do, what and where to sample, types of measurements available and how to interpret and analyse ages once they are measured. It is accordingly for scientists who require luminescence ages for their research rather than those scientists developing the luminescence technique or making their own luminescence measurements. The background to the technique is explained in simple terms so that the range of potential applications, limits and issues can be understood. The book helps scientists plan where and what to sample to optimise the successful application of luminescence and stemming from that the chronologies that can be constructed. The Handbook sets out the challenges and limitations when applying luminescence dating in different environmental and archaeological settings and gives practical advice on how issues might be avoided in sampling, or mitigated by requesting different laboratory measurement approaches or analysis. Guidance is provided on how luminescence ages can be interpreted and published as well as how they can be used within chronological frameworks. With luminescence dating continuing to develop, information on more experimental approaches is given which may help expand the range of chronological challenges to which luminescence dating can be routinely applied.

Santorini

Santorini
Author: Walter L. Friedrich
Publsiher: ISD LLC
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2009-10-27
ISBN 10: 8779347479
ISBN 13: 9788779347472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Santorini Book Review:

When the Greek island of Santorini, classically known as Thera, erupted dramatically in 1613 BC (+/- 13 years), it produced one of the largest explosions ever witnessed, thereby possibly giving rise to the legend of Atlantis. This so-called 'Minoan' eruption triggered tsunamis that devastated coastal settlements in the region, and on Santorini it left behind a Bronze Age Pompeii, which is currently being excavated. Thriving Bronze Age settlements on the island - rich in colorful wall paintings and highly sophisticated pottery - were buried under thick layers of volcanic ash. The ejection of an immense volume of dust into the atmosphere also altered global climate for several years. The author, a well-known geologist, blends the thrill of scientific discovery with a popular presentation of the geology, archeology, history, peoples, and environmental settings of the island group of Santorini. He not only gives a comprehensive overview of the volcanic island and its past, but also reports on the latest discoveries: The finding, for example, of the olive trees which had been buried alive by the Minoan eruption has made it possible now to give a direct and precise radiocarbon date for the volcanic catastrophe. Furthermore, he seeks to assign certain geological structures, such as faulted rocks, red lavas and harbor sites, as depicted on the Bronze Age frescos from Santorini, to still-existing details in the Santorini landscape of today. Excellent color photographs and illustrations along with easily understandable scientific and historic details will make this book highly appealing to a wide audience. It will also be useful as a supplementary text for introductory courses in earth and atmospheric science, geology, volcanology, and paleoclimatology, as well as ancient history and archeology.

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology
Author: Allan S. Gilbert
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1000
Release: 2016-08-15
ISBN 10: 9789400748279
ISBN 13: 9400748272
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology Book Review:

Geoarchaeology is the archaeological subfield that focuses on archaeological information retrieval and problem solving utilizing the methods of geological investigation. Archaeological recovery and analysis are already geoarchaeological in the most fundamental sense because buried remains are contained within and removed from an essentially geological context. Yet geoarchaeological research goes beyond this simple relationship and attempts to build collaborative links between specialists in archaeology and the earth sciences to produce new knowledge about past human behavior using the technical information and methods of the geosciences. The principal goals of geoarchaeology lie in understanding the relationships between humans and their environment. These goals include (1) how cultures adjust to their ecosystem through time, (2) what earth science factors were related to the evolutionary emergence of humankind, and (3) which methodological tools involving analysis of sediments and landforms, documentation and explanation of change in buried materials, and measurement of time will allow access to new aspects of the past. This encyclopedia defines terms, introduces problems, describes techniques, and discusses theory and strategy, all in a format designed to make specialized details accessible to the public as well as practitioners. It covers subjects in environmental archaeology, dating, materials analysis, and paleoecology, all of which represent different sources of specialist knowledge that must be shared in order to reconstruct, analyze, and explain the record of the human past. It will not specifically cover sites, civilizations, and ancient cultures, etc., that are better described in other encyclopedias of world archaeology. The Editor Allan S. Gilbert is Professor of Anthropology at Fordham University in the Bronx, New York. He holds a B.A. from Rutgers University, and his M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D. were earned at Columbia University. His areas of research interest include the Near East (late prehistory and early historic periods) as well as the Middle Atlantic region of the U.S. (historical archaeology). His specializations are in archaeozoology of the Near East and geoarchaeology, especially mineralogy and compositional analysis of pottery and building materials. Publications have covered a range of subjects, including ancient pastoralism, faunal quantification, skeletal microanatomy, brick geochemistry, and two co-edited volumes on the marine geology and geoarchaeology of the Black Sea basin.