Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences
Author: Michel Lamothe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2019-12-15
ISBN 10: 9780128172445
ISBN 13: 0128172444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences Book Review:

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences covers the exponential number of applications and significant advances in methodology that have come to light since the early 2000s. It addition, it presents other aspects of the topic, including luminescence physics, its solid-state phenomenology, and theoretical and applied dosimetry. This book bridges the divide between users and practitioners of luminescence dating by reaching a large community of users in geology, geomorphology and archaeology. It will appeal to students, faculty members and private industry researchers, providing a brief discussion of the basic principles of luminescence dating. These principles will be further illustrated through case studies that examine both the potential and the limitations of luminescence dating. Covers basic physics and solid-state background principles Features case studies that illuminate both the potential and limitations of luminescence dating Includes instructions for recently developed technical tools, statistical packages, and field and laboratory protocols

Luminescence

Luminescence
Author: Jagannathan Thirumalai
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2016-11-10
ISBN 10: 9535127624
ISBN 13: 9789535127628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Book Review:

The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia
Author: E. M. Scott,Andrey Yu. Alekseev,Ganna Zaitseva
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2006-02-25
ISBN 10: 1402026560
ISBN 13: 9781402026560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia Book Review:

This book is a collection of the articles presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW 979859) held in St. Petersburg, from the 15-18 November 2003 in the Hermitage Museum. The title of the workshop was “The impact of the environment on Human Migration in Eurasia”. More than 40 scientists from Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium, Finland, Lithuania and Latvia took part. The themes of the workshop focused on the origin, development, interactions, and migrations of prehistoric and ancient populations, specifically the Scythians, in Eurasia and their relationships with the environment of the time. The discussion of these questions necessitated the participation of specialists from a wide range of academic fields. Beyond any doubt, the environment played an important role in the life of ancient nomadic populations, forming the basis of their economies and influencing various aspects of their mode of life. In this respect, the collaboration of specialists in the Humanities and Science is essential for the solution of scientific questions concerning these peoples. Over the past few years, a large amount of new proxy data related to environmental changes during the Pleistocene and the Holocene and their impact on human life has become available. Our discussion was predominantly limited to environmental changes related to the Holocene. In st this period of about 10000 years, the main focus was on the 1 millennium BC.

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods
Author: W. Jack Rink,Jeroen W. Thompson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 978
Release: 2015-08-15
ISBN 10: 9789400763036
ISBN 13: 9400763034
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods Book Review:

This volume provides an overview of (1) the physical and chemical foundations of dating methods and (2) the applications of dating methods in the geological sciences, biology, and archaeology, in almost 200 articles from over 200 international authors. It will serve as the most comprehensive treatise on widely accepted dating methods in the earth sciences and related fields. No other volume has a similar scope, in terms of methods and applications and particularly time range. Dating methods are used to determine the timing and rate of various processes, such as sedimentation (terrestrial and marine), tectonics, volcanism, geomorphological change, cooling rates, crystallization, fluid flow, glaciation, climate change and evolution. The volume includes applications in terrestrial and extraterrestrial settings, the burgeoning field of molecular-clock dating and topics in the intersection of earth sciences with forensics. The content covers a broad range of techniques and applications. All major accepted dating techniques are included, as well as all major datable materials.

Geochronology

Geochronology
Author: Nils-Axel Morner
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2014-07-25
ISBN 10: 9535116436
ISBN 13: 9789535116431
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochronology Book Review:

Chronology is the backbone of history, and there is a wise saying stating there is no history without a chronology. Earths evolutionary history is built up by geochronology, i.e. time benchmarks upon which the geological history is built up step by step over its total time period of about 4.5 billion years. The first marker in this history is the Jack Hills zircon from Australia dated at about 4.4 GA. The most detailed records come from seasonal changes within annual varves. Stratigraphy provides the basic chronological ordering of layers by layers, units by units, fossil assemblage by assemblage, varves by varves, growth zone by growth zone, etc. The radiometric techniques implied the introduction of absolute age determinations. This book includes a combination of methodological presentations and related case studies, from where we learn about practical problems and achievements. Therefore, the book should be of basic interest both for scientists in their practical in field and laboratory, as well as for general educational purpose.

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry
Author: L. Boetter-Jensen,S.W.S. McKeever,A.G. Wintle
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2003-10-24
ISBN 10: 9780080538075
ISBN 13: 008053807X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry Book Review:

Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) has become the technique of choice for many areas of radiation dosimetry. The technique is finding widespread application in a variety of radiation dosimetry fields, including personal monitoring, environmental monitoring, retrospective dosimetry (including geological dating and accident dosimetry), space dosimetry, and many more. In this book we have attempted to synthesize the major advances in the field, covering both fundamental understanding and the many applications. The latter serve to demonstrate the success and popularity of OSL as a dosimetry method. The book is designed for researchers and radiation dosimetry practitioners alike. It delves into the detailed theory of the process from the point of view of stimulated relaxation phenomena, describing the energy storage and release processes phenomenologically and developing detailed mathematical descriptions to enable a quantitative understanding of the observed phenomena. The various stimulation modes (continuous wave, pulsed, or linear modulation) are introduced and compared. The properties of the most important synthetic OSL materials beginning with the dominant carbon-doped Al2O3, and moving through discussions of other, less-well studied but nevertheless important, or potentially important, materials. The OSL properties of the two most important natural OSL dosimetry material types, namely quartz and feldspars are discussed in depth. The applications chapters deal with the use of OSL in personal, environmental, medical and UV dosimetry, geological dating and retrospective dosimetry (accident dosimetry and dating). Finally the developments in instrumentation that have occurred over the past decade or more are described. The book will find use in those laboratories within academia, national institutes and the private sector where research and applications in radiation dosimetry using luminescence are being conducted. Potential readers include personnel involved in radiation protection practice and research, hospitals, nuclear power stations, radiation clean-up and remediation, food irradiation and materials processing, security monitoring, geological and archaeological dating, luminescence studies of minerals, etc.

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology  Anthropology  and Geoarchaeology
Author: Ioannis Liritzis,Ashok Kumar Singhvi,James K. Feathers,Gunther A. Wagner,Annette Kadereit,Nikolaos Zacharias,Sheng-Hua Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2013-07-05
ISBN 10: 3319001701
ISBN 13: 9783319001708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology Book Review:

The field of Luminescence Dating has reached a level of maturity. Both research and applications from all fields of archaeological science, from archaeological materials to anthropology and geoarchaeology, now routinely employ luminescence dating. The advent of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques and the potential for exploring a spectrum of grain aliquots enhanced the applicability, accuracy and the precision of luminescence dating. The present contribution reviews the physical basis, mechanisms and methodological aspects of luminescence dating; discusses advances in instrumentations and facilities, improvements in analytical procedures, and statistical treatment of data along with some examples of applications across continents, covering all periods (Middle Palaeolithic to Medieval) and both Old and New World archaeology. They also include interdisciplinary applications that contribute to palaeo-landscape reconstruction.

Optically Stimulated Luminescence

Optically Stimulated Luminescence
Author: Eduardo G. Yukihara,Stephen W. S. McKeever
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2011-02-16
ISBN 10: 9780470977217
ISBN 13: 0470977213
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Book Review:

Optically stimulated luminescence has developed into one of the leading optical techniques for the measurement and detection of ionizing radiation. This text covers, in a readable manner, advanced modern applications of the technique, how it can play a useful role in different areas of dosimetry and how to approach the challenges presented when working with optically stimulated luminescence. The six chapters are as follows: Introduction, including a short history of OSL and details of successful applications Theory and Practical Aspects Personal Dosimetry Space Dosimetry Medical Dosimetry Other Applications and Concepts, including retrospective and accident dosimetry, environmental monitoring and UV dosimetry Throughout the book, the underlying theory is discussed on an as-needed basis for a complete understanding of the phenomena, but with an emphasis of the practical applications of the technique. The authors also give background information and relevant key references on each method, inviting the reader to explore deeper into the subject independently. Postgraduates, researchers, and those involved with radiation dosimetry will find this book particularly useful. The material is both relevant and accessible for both specialists and those new to the field, therefore is fundamental to any academic interested in modern advances of the subject.

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology
Author: R.E. Taylor,Martin J. Aitken
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 1475796943
ISBN 13: 9781475796940
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology Book Review:

Since World War II, there has been tremendous success in the development of new methods for dating artifacts; the so-called `radiocarbon revolution' was only the first such discovery. The increasing accuracy of the various new techniques has brought about major changes in archaeological research strategies. This important new text compiles the work of some of today's most innovative archaeologists who summarize progress in their respective techniques over the last 30 years - with an emphasis on developments of the last five - and the status of current research.

New Technologies for Archaeology

New Technologies for Archaeology
Author: Markus Reindel,Günther A. Wagner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2009-02-07
ISBN 10: 3540874380
ISBN 13: 9783540874386
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Technologies for Archaeology Book Review:

This heavily-illustrated book covers recent developments in archaeometry and offers a multidisciplinary approach to reconstructing complex cultural histories. It also presents a detailed history of human development in South America’s Nasca region.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
Author: Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2020-07-25
ISBN 10: 0128156872
ISBN 13: 9780128156872
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves Book Review:

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology
Author: Allan S. Gilbert
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1000
Release: 2016-08-15
ISBN 10: 9789400748279
ISBN 13: 9400748272
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology Book Review:

Geoarchaeology is the archaeological subfield that focuses on archaeological information retrieval and problem solving utilizing the methods of geological investigation. Archaeological recovery and analysis are already geoarchaeological in the most fundamental sense because buried remains are contained within and removed from an essentially geological context. Yet geoarchaeological research goes beyond this simple relationship and attempts to build collaborative links between specialists in archaeology and the earth sciences to produce new knowledge about past human behavior using the technical information and methods of the geosciences. The principal goals of geoarchaeology lie in understanding the relationships between humans and their environment. These goals include (1) how cultures adjust to their ecosystem through time, (2) what earth science factors were related to the evolutionary emergence of humankind, and (3) which methodological tools involving analysis of sediments and landforms, documentation and explanation of change in buried materials, and measurement of time will allow access to new aspects of the past. This encyclopedia defines terms, introduces problems, describes techniques, and discusses theory and strategy, all in a format designed to make specialized details accessible to the public as well as practitioners. It covers subjects in environmental archaeology, dating, materials analysis, and paleoecology, all of which represent different sources of specialist knowledge that must be shared in order to reconstruct, analyze, and explain the record of the human past. It will not specifically cover sites, civilizations, and ancient cultures, etc., that are better described in other encyclopedias of world archaeology. The Editor Allan S. Gilbert is Professor of Anthropology at Fordham University in the Bronx, New York. He holds a B.A. from Rutgers University, and his M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D. were earned at Columbia University. His areas of research interest include the Near East (late prehistory and early historic periods) as well as the Middle Atlantic region of the U.S. (historical archaeology). His specializations are in archaeozoology of the Near East and geoarchaeology, especially mineralogy and compositional analysis of pottery and building materials. Publications have covered a range of subjects, including ancient pastoralism, faunal quantification, skeletal microanatomy, brick geochemistry, and two co-edited volumes on the marine geology and geoarchaeology of the Black Sea basin.

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering
Author: Michael Beer,Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou,Edoardo Patelli,Ivan Siu-Kui Au
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 3953
Release: 2016-01-30
ISBN 10: 9783642353437
ISBN 13: 3642353436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering Book Review:

The Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering is designed to be the authoritative and comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of the science of earthquake engineering, specifically focusing on the interaction between earthquakes and infrastructure. The encyclopedia comprises approximately 300 contributions. Since earthquake engineering deals with the interaction between earthquake disturbances and the built infrastructure, the emphasis is on basic design processes important to both non-specialists and engineers so that readers become suitably well informed without needing to deal with the details of specialist understanding. The encyclopedia’s content provides technically-inclined and informed readers about the ways in which earthquakes can affect our infrastructure and how engineers would go about designing against, mitigating and remediating these effects. The coverage ranges from buildings, foundations, underground construction, lifelines and bridges, roads, embankments and slopes. The encyclopedia also aims to provide cross-disciplinary and cross-domain information to domain-experts. This is the first single reference encyclopedia of this breadth and scope that brings together the science, engineering and technological aspects of earthquakes and structures.

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:31951P008845972
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences Book Review:

Geological Survey Professional Paper

Geological Survey Professional Paper
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1979
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OSU:32435029391042
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Survey Professional Paper Book Review:

Geological Survey Professional Paper

Geological Survey Professional Paper
Author: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1979
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105007632032
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Survey Professional Paper Book Review:

U S Geological Survey Professional Paper

U S  Geological Survey Professional Paper
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1980
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCR:31210003282587
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

U S Geological Survey Professional Paper Book Review:

Introduction to Optical Dating

Introduction to Optical Dating
Author: M. J. Aitken
Publsiher: Clarendon Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 1998-07-09
ISBN 10: 0191589276
ISBN 13: 9780191589270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Optical Dating Book Review:

Optical dating is a rapidly developing technique, used primarily in the dating of sediments deposited in the last 500,000 or more years. As such increasing numbers of Quaternary geologists, physical geographers, archaeologists, and anthropologists are now relying on the results produced. Written by one of the foremost experts on optical dating, this book aims to bring together in a coherent whole the various strands of research that are ongoing in the area. It gives beginners an introduction to the technique as well as acting as a valuable source of up to date references. The text is divided into three parts; main text, technical notes and appendices. In this way the main text is accessible by those researchers with a limited knowledge of physics, with the technical notes providing depth of understanding for those who require it. The first part of the book is concerned with basic notions and an introduction to the standard techniques, as well as several illustrative case histories. It goes on to then discuss the limitations of the technique and factors affecting reliability.

Handbook of Luminescence Dating

Handbook of Luminescence Dating
Author: Mark D. Bateman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2019-05
ISBN 10: 9781849953955
ISBN 13: 1849953953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Luminescence Dating Book Review:

Luminescence dating is now widely applied by scientists working in Quaternary geology and archaeology to obtain ages for events as diverse as past earthquakes, desertification and cave occupation sites. Using quartz or feldspar minerals found in almost ubiquitous sand and finer sediments, luminescence can provide ages from over 500,000 years ago to modern.Written by some of the foremost experts in luminescence dating from around the world, this book takes a new approach. It explains what luminescence can and can't do, what and where to sample, types of measurements available and how to interpret and analyse ages once they are measured. It is accordingly for scientists who require luminescence ages for their research rather than those scientists developing the luminescence technique or making their own luminescence measurements. The background to the technique is explained in simple terms so that the range of potential applications, limits and issues can be understood. The book helps scientists plan where and what to sample to optimise the successful application of luminescence and stemming from that the chronologies that can be constructed. The Handbook sets out the challenges and limitations when applying luminescence dating in different environmental and archaeological settings and gives practical advice on how issues might be avoided in sampling, or mitigated by requesting different laboratory measurement approaches or analysis. Guidance is provided on how luminescence ages can be interpreted and published as well as how they can be used within chronological frameworks. With luminescence dating continuing to develop, information on more experimental approaches is given which may help expand the range of chronological challenges to which luminescence dating can be routinely applied.

Human Roots

Human Roots
Author: Larry Barham
Publsiher: Western Acad & Specialist PressLtd
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2001
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105025788097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Roots Book Review:

Sixteen papers taken from a `Human Roots' meeting held in Bristol in 2000 that focused on the question of `how different were humans and human behaviour in Africa and the Far east during the Middle Pleistocene'? The contributors draw on evidence from recent archaeological fieldwork and represent different schools of thought concerning the Out-of-Africa or Multi-Regional origins of man. Among the regions or countries discussed are southern, central and eastern Africa, China, the Yangtze River, Australasia and India.