Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites
Author: Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2015-10-24
ISBN 10: 0323355668
ISBN 13: 9780323355667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignin in Polymer Composites Book Review:

Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Lignin

Lignin
Author: Matheus Poletto
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2018-03-21
ISBN 10: 9535139010
ISBN 13: 9789535139010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignin Book Review:

Lignin - Trends and Applications consists of 11 chapters related to the lignin structure, modification, depolymerization, degradation process, computational modeling, and applications. This is a useful book for readers from diverse areas, such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. It is expected that this book may expand the reader's knowledge about this complex natural polymer.

Lignin Chemistry and Applications

Lignin Chemistry and Applications
Author: Jin Huang,Shiyu Fu,Lin Gan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2019-02-07
ISBN 10: 0128139633
ISBN 13: 9780128139639
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignin Chemistry and Applications Book Review:

Lignin Chemistry and Application systematically discusses the structure, physical and chemical modification of lignin, along with its application in the field of chemicals and materials. It presents the history of lignin chemistry and lignin-modified materials, describes recent progresses, applications and studies, and prospects the development direction of high value applications of lignin in the field of material science. In addition to covering the basic theories and technologies relating to the research and application of lignin in polymer chemistry and materials science, the book also summarizes the latest applications in rubber, engineering plastics, adhesives, films and hydrogels. Systematically discusses the structure, physical and chemical modification of lignin and its application in materials Presents the latest research results in the field of lignin Indicates the development direction of high value applications of lignin in a range of fields, including petrochemicals, household applications, medicine, agriculture, and more

Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites
Author: Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2015-11-12
ISBN 10: 9780323355650
ISBN 13: 032335565X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignin in Polymer Composites Book Review:

Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Monomers Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources

Monomers  Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources
Author: Mohamed Naceur Belgacem,Alessandro Gandini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2011-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780080560519
ISBN 13: 0080560512
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monomers Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources Book Review:

The progressive dwindling of fossil resources, coupled with the drastic increase in oil prices, have sparked a feverish activity in search of alternatives based on renewable resources for the production of energy. Given the predominance of petroleum- and carbon-based chemistry for the manufacture of organic chemical commodities, a similar preoccupation has recently generated numerous initiatives aimed at replacing these fossil sources with renewable counterparts. In particular, major efforts are being conducted in the field of polymer science and technology to prepare macromolecular materials based on renewable resources. The concept of the bio-refinery, viz. the rational exploitation of the vegetable biomass in terms of the separation of its components and their utilisation as such, or after suitable chemical modifications, is thus gaining momentum and considerable financial backing from both the public and private sectors. This collection of chapters, each one written by internationally recognised experts in the corresponding field, covers in a comprehensive fashion all the major aspects related to the synthesis, characterization and properties of macromolecular materials prepared using renewable resources as such, or after appropriate modifications. Thus, monomers such as terpenes and furans, oligomers like rosin and tannins, and polymers ranging from cellulose to proteins and including macromolecules synthesized by microbes, are discussed with the purpose of showing the extraordinary variety of materials that can be prepared from their intelligent exploitation. Particular emphasis has been placed on recent advances and imminent perspectives, given the incessantly growing interest that this area is experiencing in both the scientific and technological realms. Discusses bio-refining with explicit application to materials Replete with examples of applications of the concept of sustainable development Presents an impressive variety of novel macromolecular materials

Lignin

Lignin
Author: Swati Sharma,Ashok Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-04-13
ISBN 10: 3030406636
ISBN 13: 9783030406639
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignin Book Review:

This book presents a comprehensive overview on origin, structure, properties, modification strategies and applications of the biopolymer lignin. It is organized into four themed parts. The first part focuses on the analysis and characterization of the second most abundant biopolymer. The following part is devoted to the biological aspects of lignin such as biosynthesis and degradation. In the third part, chemical modification strategies and the preparation of composites as well as nano- and microparticles are discussed.The final part addresses the industrial application of lignin and its derivatives, as well as lignin materials. The usage for synthesis of biofuels, fine chemicals and in agriculture and food industry is covered. This book is a comprehensive source for researchers, scientists and engineers working in the field of biopolymers as well as renewable materials and sources.

Carbon Fiber

Carbon Fiber
Author: Pratima Bajpai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-12-11
ISBN 10: 012821905X
ISBN 13: 9780128219058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Fiber Book Review:

Carbon Fiber, Second Edition, brings together available information on the production, properties, application and future of carbon fibers. This book will be of interest to those involved in the investigation of carbon fiber, carbon fiber manufacturing, and users. In addition, the recycling of carbon fiber reinforced polymers and the manufacturing of composites from recycled carbon fiber reinforced polymers are discussed. The book offers in-depth coverage on the production of carbon fiber and the global carbon fiber market, demand and major growth drivers. Carbon structures from biowaste, waste lignin and novel processes to obtain high purity lignin are presented, along with future directions. Provides thorough and in-depth coverage of carbon fiber production Presents the global carbon fiber market, demand and major growth drivers Covers carbon structures from biowaste and waste lignin Discusses novel process to obtain high purity lignin Includes discussions of future directions for the carbon fiber industry

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers Principles Techniques and Applications

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers  Principles  Techniques  and Applications
Author: Emmanuel Isaac Akpan,Samson Oluropo Adeosun
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2019-07-17
ISBN 10: 3030187926
ISBN 13: 9783030187927
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers Principles Techniques and Applications Book Review:

This book is designed to provide wide understanding of lignin carbon fiber processes, chemistry, mechanisms, and techniques that will help in further development of lignin carbon fiber for automobile, aerospace, marine, and sports equipment applications. Each step in the processing of lignin carbon fibers is presented as a separate chapter so that issues concerning the processes are exhaustively discussed. Basic scientific principles governing each stage of lignin carbon fiber processing, current state of research and mechanisms behind the processes are illustrated for better understanding. This is the first book to address the entire scope of lignin carbon fiber processing including; extraction, quantification, purification, melt processing, stabilization, carbonization, optimization of processes, and characterization. Presents detailed information on the chemistry, processing, principles and properties of bio-sourced lignin for carbon fiber production; Highlights techniques of recovery and properties of lignin from agricultural waste sources; Addresses applications in automobile, aircraft, marine, and sport industries; Provides insight into the lignin complex macromolecular system, the role of lignin chemistry as it relates to carbon fiber production and the evolution of lignin carbon fiber structure during processing.

Thermal Properties of Green Polymers and Biocomposites

Thermal Properties of Green Polymers and Biocomposites
Author: Tatsuko Hatakeyama,Hyoe Hatakeyama
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2006-01-27
ISBN 10: 1402023545
ISBN 13: 9781402023545
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Properties of Green Polymers and Biocomposites Book Review:

From the reviews: "...This very well written new book is recommended to academic and industrial researchers and specialists interested in green polymers and mainly in their thermal properties...This new and opportune book covers some important properties of green polymers and bio-composites." (D. Feldman, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada)

Handbook on Coal Coke Cotton Lignin Hemicellulose Wood Wood Polymer Composites Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials Wood Fiber Rosin and Rosin Derivatives

Handbook on Coal  Coke  Cotton  Lignin  Hemicellulose  Wood  Wood Polymer Composites  Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials  Wood Fiber  Rosin and Rosin Derivatives
Author: Dr. Himadri Panda
Publsiher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2018-01-11
ISBN 10: 9381039860
ISBN 13: 9789381039861
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Coal Coke Cotton Lignin Hemicellulose Wood Wood Polymer Composites Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials Wood Fiber Rosin and Rosin Derivatives Book Review:

Coal is the product of plants, mainly trees that died tens or hundreds of millions of years ago. Coal is a fossil fuel and is the altered remains of prehistoric vegetation that originally accumulated in swamps and peat bogs. The energy we get from coal today comes from the energy that plants absorbed from the sun millions of years ago. Coal is used primarily as an energy source, either for heat or electricity. It was once heavily used to heat homes and power locomotives and factories. Bituminous coal is also used to produce coke for making steel and other industrial process heating. Lignin is a constituent of the cell walls of almost all dry land plant cell walls. It is the second most abundant natural polymer in the world, surpassed only by cellulose. Lignin is found in all vascular plants, mostly between the cells, but also within the cells, and in the cell walls. Wood is an aggregate of cells essentially cellulose in composition, which are cemented together by a substance called lignin. The cells are made of three substances called cellulose (about 50 percent), lignin (which makes up a fifth to a quarter of hardwoods but a quarter to a third of softwoods), and hemicellulose. Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes a combination of heat and pressure to nearly instantaneously squeeze resinous sap from your initial starting material In India's energy sector, coal accounts for the majority of primary commercial energy supply. With the economy poised to grow at the rate of 8-10% per annum, energy requirements will also rise at a reasonable level. The Indian coal industry aspires to reach the 1.5 billion tonne (BT) mark by FY 2020. In fore-coming years, the industry will naturally need to focus on building on the success, and be on track for reaching the FY 2020 goal. One of the primary goals of the Government of India is to ensure that it is able to meet the country's power generation needs. Another aim is to lower the country's reliance on coal imports by boosting the coal production quickly. The Major contents of the book are Coal, Analysis of Coal and Coke, Cotton, Lignin and Hemicelluloses, Degradation of Wood, CCA-Treated Wood, Wood-Polymer Composites, Lignocellulosic-Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials, Chemical Modification of Wood Fiber, Delignification of Wood with Pernitric Acid, Rosin and Rosin Derivatives, Polymerizable Half Esters of Rosin and Photographs of Plant & Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of these industries.

Lignocellulosic Composite Materials

Lignocellulosic Composite Materials
Author: Susheel Kalia
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2017-12-23
ISBN 10: 3319686968
ISBN 13: 9783319686967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignocellulosic Composite Materials Book Review:

This book comprehensively summarizes important aspects of research in the active field of lignocellulosic (polymer) composites, including polymer materials from or containing cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. It describes how these materials can be produced from forest products and natural fibers from sources such as jute, flax, sisal, and many more, and even from agricultural residues (like wheat straw, corn stover, or sugarcane bagasse). In times of high demand for renewable green materials, lignocellulosic materials from organic matter produced by trees, shrubs and agricultural crops present a highly attractive feedstock. The international authors explain different treatment and fabrication methods for the production of lignocellulosic materials. Other chapters address the properties of these green materials or illustrate specific applications, ranging from food packaging and household products to adsorbents and even conductive polymer composites. In this way, this book offers a broad and comprehensive overview over the entire field of lignocellulosic composite materials.

Wood Polymer Composites

Wood Polymer Composites
Author: K O Niska,M. Sain
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2008-05-29
ISBN 10: 1845694570
ISBN 13: 9781845694579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wood Polymer Composites Book Review:

Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Bio Based Polymers and Composites

Bio Based Polymers and Composites
Author: Richard Wool,Xiuzhi Susan Sun
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2011-08-30
ISBN 10: 9780080454344
ISBN 13: 0080454348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio Based Polymers and Composites Book Review:

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Sugarcane

Sugarcane
Author: Alexandre De Oliveira
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2018-05-16
ISBN 10: 1789231507
ISBN 13: 9781789231502
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sugarcane Book Review:

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is considered one of the major bioenergy crops grown globally. Thus, sugarcane research to improve sustainable production worldwide is a vital task of the scientific community, to address the increasing demands and needs for their products, especially biofuels. In this context, this book covers the most recent research areas related to sugarcane production and its applications. It is composed of 14 chapters, divided into 5 sections that highlight fundamental insights into the current research and technology on this crop. Sugarcane: Technology and Research intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview in technology, production, and applied and basic research of this bioenergy species, approaching the latest developments on varied topics related to this crop.

Green Polymer Composites Technology

Green Polymer Composites Technology
Author: Inamuddin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 591
Release: 2016-11-03
ISBN 10: 1315354004
ISBN 13: 9781315354002
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Polymer Composites Technology Book Review:

This book is a comprehensive introduction to "green" or environmentally friendly polymer composites developed using renewable polymers of natural origin such as starch, lignin, cellulose acetate, poly-lactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxylalkanoates (PHA), polyhydroxylbutyrate (PHB), etc., and the development of modern technologies for preparing green composites with various applications. The book also discusses major applications of green polymer composites in industries such as medicine, biotechnology, fine chemicals and engineering.

Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Author: Buxing Han,Tianbin Wu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2019-08-29
ISBN 10: 9781493990597
ISBN 13: 1493990594
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Book Review:

This expanded, revised, and updated second edition of Innovations in Green Chemistry and Green Engineering provides a comprehensive introduction to the state-of-the-art in this key area of sustainability research. Processes that meet the objectives of green chemistry and chemical engineering minimize waste and energy use, and eliminate toxic by-products. Given the ubiquitous nature of products from chemical processes in our lives, green chemistry and chemical engineering are vital components of any sustainable future. Peer-reviewed articles from worldwide experts present the latest developments on topics ranging from organic batteries and green catalytic transformations to green nanoscience and nanotoxicology. Now under the leadership of distinguished Editors from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this volume in the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Second Edition, is an essential, one-stop reference for professionals in research and industry. The book also fills the need for an authoritative course text in environmental and green chemistry and chemical engineering at the upper-division undergraduate and graduate levels.

Green Biocomposites

Green Biocomposites
Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Salit Mohd Sapuan,Othman Y Alothman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2016-11-09
ISBN 10: 3319466100
ISBN 13: 9783319466101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Biocomposites Book Review:

This book addresses different aspects of green biocomposite manufacture from natural fibres and bioplastics, including the manufacturing procedures and the physical, mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of green biocomposites. Featuring illustrations and tables that maximize reader insights into the current research on biocomposites, it emphasises the role of green technology in the manufacture of biocomposites and analysis of properties of biocomposites for different applications. It is a valuable resource for researchers and scientists in industry wanting to understand the need for biocomposites in the development of green, biodegradable and sustainable products for different applications.

Cellulose Fibers Bio and Nano Polymer Composites

Cellulose Fibers  Bio  and Nano Polymer Composites
Author: Susheel Kalia,B. S. Kaith,Inderjeet Kaur
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 737
Release: 2011-04-11
ISBN 10: 9783642173707
ISBN 13: 3642173705
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellulose Fibers Bio and Nano Polymer Composites Book Review:

Because we are living in an era of Green Science and Technology, developments in the field of bio- and nano- polymer composite materials for advanced structural and medical applications is a rapidly emerging area and the subject of scientific attention. In light of the continuously deteriorating environmental conditions, researchers all over the world have focused an enormous amount of scientific research towards bio-based materials because of their cost effectiveness, eco-friendliness and renewability. This handbook deals with cellulose fibers and nano-fibers and covers the latest advances in bio- and nano- polymer composite materials. This rapidly expanding field is generating many exciting new materials with novel properties and promises to yield advanced applications in diverse fields. This book reviews vital issues and topics and will be of interest to academicians, research scholars, polymer engineers and researchers in industries working in the subject area. It will also be a valuable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students at institutes of plastic engineering and other technical institutes.

Biopolymers

Biopolymers
Author: Akihiro Abe,Karel Dusˇek,Shiro Kobayashi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2010-08-29
ISBN 10: 364213629X
ISBN 13: 9783642136290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymers Book Review:

-Lignin Structure, Properties, and Applications By H. Hatakeyama, T. Hatakeyama -Tensile Mechanics of α-Helical Coil Springs By A. Ikai -Bioactive Polymer/Hydroxyapatite (Nano)composites for Bone Tissue Regeneration By K. Pielichowska, S. Blazewicz

Chemical Modification Properties and Usage of Lignin

Chemical Modification  Properties  and Usage of Lignin
Author: Thomas Q. Hu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461506433
ISBN 13: 9781461506430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Modification Properties and Usage of Lignin Book Review:

One of the most significant challenges facing mankind in the twenty-first century is the development of a sustainable global economy. Within the scientific community, this calls for the development of processes and technologies that will allow the sustainable production of materials from renewable natural resources. Plant material, in particular lignin, is one such resource. During the annual production of about 100 million metric tons of chemical wood pulps worldwide, approximately 45 and 2 million metric tons/year of kraft lignin and lignosulfonates, respectively, are also generated. Although lignosulfonates have found many applications outside the pulp and paper industry, the majority of kraft lignin is being used internally as a low-grade fuel for the kraft pulping operation. A surplus of kraft lignin will become available as kraft mills increase their pulp production without expanding the capacity of their recovery boilers that utilize lignin as a fuel. There is a tremendous opportunity and an enormous economic incentive to find better uses of kraft lignin, lignosulfonates and other industriallignins. The pulp and paper industry not only produces an enormous amount of lignins as by products of chemical wood pulps, but it also utilizes about 10 million metric tons of lignin per year as a component of mechanical wood pulps and papers. Mechanical wood pulps, produced in a yield of 90-98% with the retention of lignin, are mainly used to make low-quality, non-permanent papers such as newsprint and telephone directories because of the light-induced photooxidation of lignin and the yellowing of the papers.