Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction Usage and Energy Applications

Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction  Usage and Energy Applications
Author: Anup Pradhan,Nheta Willie,Junior Mabiza,Charles Mbohwa,Benedikt Buchspies
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-04
ISBN 10: 9780128159118
ISBN 13: 0128159111
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction Usage and Energy Applications Book Review:

Recent Advances in Platinum based Fuel Cell Technology discusses past, present and future research works on platinum as it applies to fuel cells. It examines the global trends of platinum mining, processing and its application, with case studies from the Southern African region. Processing techniques and application of nanotechnology are also explored. The book offers a brief discussion on different types of fuel cell and a detailed description of platinum-based fuel cell technology. It includes the cutting edge technological advances driving the interest on these technologies. Environmental and socio-economic impacts of the production chain of fuel cell technology are evaluated using life cycle assessment, and criticality assessment of platinum group metals focusing on all aspects of its sustainability is also presented. Offers a comprehensive overview of the platinum value chain in relation to its application in energy technologies, including fuel cells and electrolyzers Presents trends and cutting-edge technologies Examines different perspectives, such as technologies of mining, processing, sustainability aspects and criticality for the use of platinum in fuel cells

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining
Author: National Research Council,Committee on Earth Resources,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Technologies for the Mining Industries
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2002-03-14
ISBN 10: 9780309169837
ISBN 13: 0309169836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining Book Review:

The Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) of the U. S. Department of Energy commissioned the National Research Council (NRC) to undertake a study on required technologies for the Mining Industries of the Future Program to complement information provided to the program by the National Mining Association. Subsequently, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health also became a sponsor of this study, and the Statement of Task was expanded to include health and safety. The overall objectives of this study are: (a) to review available information on the U.S. mining industry; (b) to identify critical research and development needs related to the exploration, mining, and processing of coal, minerals, and metals; and (c) to examine the federal contribution to research and development in mining processes.

Critical Materials Strategy

Critical Materials Strategy
Author: Steven Chu
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2011-05-01
ISBN 10: 1437944183
ISBN 13: 9781437944181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Materials Strategy Book Review:

This report examines the role of rare earth metals and other materials in the clean energy economy. It was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) based on data collected and research performed during 2010. In the report, DoE describes plans to: (1) develop its first integrated research agenda addressing critical materials, building on three technical workshops convened by the DoE during November and December 2010; (2) strengthen its capacity for information-gathering on this topic; and (3) work closely with international partners, including Japan and Europe, to reduce vulnerability to supply disruptions and address critical material needs. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Minerals Critical Minerals and the U S Economy

Minerals  Critical Minerals  and the U S  Economy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9780309112864
ISBN 13: 0309112869
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Minerals Critical Minerals and the U S Economy Book Review:

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-02-22
ISBN 10: 0309483360
ISBN 13: 9780309483360
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization Book Review:

In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment
Author: Ireneusz Zbicinski
Publsiher: Baltic University Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9197552623
ISBN 13: 9789197552622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment Book Review:

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel  Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals
Author: Frank Crundwell,Michael Moats,Venkoba Ramachandran,Timothy Robinson,W. G. Davenport
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2011-07-18
ISBN 10: 0080968104
ISBN 13: 9780080968100
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals Book Review:

This book describes and explains the methods by which three related ores and recyclables are made into high purity metals and chemicals, for materials processing. It focuses on present day processes and future developments rather than historical processes. Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage. The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science. Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plants Discusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one book Reviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic ore Industrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources

Critical Metals Handbook

Critical Metals Handbook
Author: Gus Gunn
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2014-01-06
ISBN 10: 1118755219
ISBN 13: 9781118755211
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Metals Handbook Book Review:

Mankind is using a greater variety of metals in greaterquantities than ever before. As a result there is increasing globalconcern over the long-term availability of secure and adequatesupplies of the metals needed by society. Critical metals, whichare those of growing economic importance that might be susceptibleto future scarcity, are a particular worry. For many of thesewe have little information on how they are concentrated in theEarth’s crust, how to extract them from their ores, and howto use, recycle and dispose of them effectively and safely. Published with the British Geological Survey, the CriticalMetals Handbook brings together a wealth of knowledge oncritical metals and provides a foundation for improving the futuresecurity and sustainability of critical metal supplies. Written byinternational experts, it provides a unique source of authoritativeinformation on diverse aspects of the critical metals, includinggeology, deposits, processing, applications, recycling,environmental issues and markets. It is aimed at a broadnon-specialist audience, including professionals and academicsworking in the exploration and mining sectors, in mining financeand investment, and in mineral processing and manufacturing. Itwill also be a valuable reference for policy makers concerned withresource management, land-use planning, eco-efficiency, recyclingand related fields.

The Life Cycle of Copper Its Co Products and Byproducts

The Life Cycle of Copper  Its Co Products and Byproducts
Author: Robert U. Ayres,Leslie W. Ayres,Ingrid Råde
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN 10: 9401733791
ISBN 13: 9789401733793
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Life Cycle of Copper Its Co Products and Byproducts Book Review:

Achieving the goals and objectives of sustainable development requires better information about the consequences of proposed actions. Partial information accounts for many failed efforts in the past. The financial implications for the proponent of the projects have often been more thoroughly analyzed than the implications for other actors. The impacts on biological diversity, or on the social fabric of local communities, have often been ignored. Decisi- makers may also focus more on the short-term consequences instead of long- term impacts, creating negative unintended consequences. It is clear that better decision-making processes are needed. Making better decisions requires identifying, obtaining, synthesizing and acting on larger and more diverse data sets, including information that has previously been overlooked in development decisions. The good news is that better processes are being developed and are becoming available. If the goal is to reach decisions that are broadly understood and accepted, affected communities need to be consulted. Early public participation in defining problems is a prerequisite to effective decision-making. There is no universal formula or checklist of information applicable to every proposed project. The scope of information required should not be determined from the start by small cadres of experts. It is unlikely that any individual or small group processes all of the expertise to achieve the kind of profound int- disciplinary synthesis that is needed.

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States
Author: K. J. Schulz,John H. DeYoung,Robert R. Seal,Dwight C. Bradley
Publsiher: Geological Survey
Total Pages: 797
Release: 2018-07-27
ISBN 10: 9781411339910
ISBN 13: 1411339916
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States Book Review:

As the importance and dependence of specific mineral commodities increase, so does concern about their supply. The United States is currently 100 percent reliant on foreign sources for 20 mineral commodities and imports the majority of its supply of more than 50 mineral commodities. Mineral commodities that have important uses and face potential supply disruption are critical to American economic and national security. However, a mineral commodity's importance and the nature of its supply chain can change with time; a mineral commodity that may not have been considered critical 25 years ago may be critical today, and one considered critical today may not be so in the future. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced this volume to describe a select group of mineral commodities currently critical to our economy and security. For each mineral commodity covered, the authors provide a comprehensive look at (1) the commodity's use; (2) the geology and global distribution of the mineral deposit types that account for the present and possible future supply of the commodity; (3) the current status of production, reserves, and resources in the United States and globally; and (4) environmental considerations related to the commodity's production from different types of mineral deposits. The volume describes U.S. critical mineral resources in a global context, for no country can be self-sufficient for all its mineral commodity needs, and the United States will always rely on global mineral commodity supply chains. This volume provides the scientific understanding of critical mineral resources required for informed decisionmaking by those responsible for ensuring that the United States has a secure and sustainable supply of mineral commodities.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OSU:32435067594820
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

Cradle to Cradle

Cradle to Cradle
Author: William McDonough,Michael Braungart
Publsiher: North Point Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2010-03-01
ISBN 10: 9781429973847
ISBN 13: 1429973846
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cradle to Cradle Book Review:

A manifesto for a radically different philosophy and practice of manufacture and environmentalism "Reduce, reuse, recycle" urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as this provocative, visionary book argues, this approach perpetuates a one-way, "cradle to grave" manufacturing model that dates to the Industrial Revolution and casts off as much as 90 percent of the materials it uses as waste, much of it toxic. Why not challenge the notion that human industry must inevitably damage the natural world? In fact, why not take nature itself as our model? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we do not consider its abundance wasteful but safe, beautiful, and highly effective; hence, "waste equals food" is the first principle the book sets forth. Products might be designed so that, after their useful life, they provide nourishment for something new-either as "biological nutrients" that safely re-enter the environment or as "technical nutrients" that circulate within closed-loop industrial cycles, without being "downcycled" into low-grade uses (as most "recyclables" now are). Elaborating their principles from experience (re)designing everything from carpeting to corporate campuses, William McDonough and Michael Braungart make an exciting and viable case for change.

Sustainability Transformations Across Societies

Sustainability Transformations Across Societies
Author: Björn-Ola Linnér,Victoria Wibeck
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-09-30
ISBN 10: 1108487475
ISBN 13: 9781108487474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainability Transformations Across Societies Book Review:

A comparison of how societal actors in different geographical, political and cultural contexts understand agents and drivers of sustainability transformations.

Critical Materials

Critical Materials
Author: Richard Silberglitt
Publsiher: Rand Corporation
Total Pages: 66
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0833079255
ISBN 13: 9780833079251
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Materials Book Review:

A high percentage of many raw and semi-finished materials critical to U.S. manufacturing are imported. China is the controlling producer of 11 of these materials and has instituted export restrictions that have led to two-tier pricing, creating pressure to move manufacturing to China. This report suggests the need for actions to mitigate the impact of such market distortions on the global manufacturing sector.

The Industrial Green Game

The Industrial Green Game
Author: National Academy of Engineering
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 1997-08-10
ISBN 10: 0309052947
ISBN 13: 9780309052948
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Industrial Green Game Book Review:

Industrial ecology is a concept that has emerged in response to growing public concern about the impact of industry on the environment. In this framework the natural flow (or circulation) of materials and energy that takes place in biological ecosystems becomes a model for more efficient industrial "metabolism." What industrial ecology is and how it may be applied to corporate environmentalism are the subject of The Industrial Green Game. This volume examines industrial circulation of materials, energy efficiency strategies, "green" accounting, life-cycle analysis, and other approaches for preventing pollution and improving performance. Corporate leaders report firsthand on "green" efforts at Ciba-Geigy, Volvo, Kennecott, and Norsk Hydro. And an update is provided on the award-winning industrial symbiosis project in Kalundborg, Denmark. The Industrial Green Game looks at issues of special concern to business, such as measuring and shaping public perceptions and marketing "green" products to consumers. It offers discussions of the appropriate roles of government and private business.

Resource Recovery from Wastes

Resource Recovery from Wastes
Author: L E Macaskie,D J Sapsford,W M Mayes
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN 10: 1788013816
ISBN 13: 9781788013819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Recovery from Wastes Book Review:

Bringing together a broad range of topics on resource recovery this book provides a valuable resource for those working in green chemistry and waste management.

Platinum Metals in the Environment

Platinum Metals in the Environment
Author: Fathi Zereini,Clare L.S. Wiseman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2014-11-06
ISBN 10: 366244559X
ISBN 13: 9783662445594
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Platinum Metals in the Environment Book Review:

This edited volume presents new data and insights from the most internationally respected PGE experts, representing a variety of disciplines ranging from chemistry, geochemistry, biology, environmental science to toxicology and environmental health. It builds upon three previous co-edited books published by Springer, Zereini and Alt (Eds.) (1999, 2000 and 2006), incorporating the most recent advances on the topic. The book covers the following topical areas related to PGE: sources and applications, analytical methods, environmental fate, bioavailability and chemical behaviour, use of bioindicators and human exposures and health risk potential. Highly interdisciplinary in orientation, this book is a comprehensive guide to academics, students and professionals working in a number of different scientific fields, who are interested in topics related to platinum metal emissions in the environment.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
Author: Tolga Taner
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2018-05-09
ISBN 10: 1789230667
ISBN 13: 9781789230666
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Book Review:

The main idea of this study is to scrutinize the performance efficiency and enhancement of modelling and simulations of PEM fuel cell. Besides, the research of PEM fuel cell performance can figure out many critical issues for an alternative resource energy. The chapters collected in the book are contributions by invited researchers with a long-standing experience in different research areas. I hope that the material presented here is understandable to a wide audience, not only energy engineers but also scientists from various disciplines. The book contains nine chapters in three sections: (1) "General Information About PEM Fuel Cell", (2) "PEM Fuel Cell Technology" and (3) "Many Different Applications of PEM Fuel Cell". This book presents detailed and up-to-date evaluations in different areas and was written by academics with experience in their field. It is anticipated that this book will make a scientific contribution to PEM fuel cell and other alternative energy resource workers, researchers, academics, PhD students and other scientists both in the present and in the future.

Scenarios

Scenarios
Author: Kees van der Heijden
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2011-03-10
ISBN 10: 1119995523
ISBN 13: 9781119995524
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scenarios Book Review:

Scenario planning allows companies to move away from linear thinking and better understand external change. Eight years (and 30,000 copies) after publication Scenarios is still acknowledged as the definitive work in the field. Now, Kees van der Heijden brings his bestseller up to date, following up on his original case studies and adding significant new material. The Second Edition changes focus slightly by providing more in-depth analysis and application of the concept of the 'strategic conversation'. While maintaining the underlying rigour of the first edition, van der Heijden revisits the text to make it far more practical and accessible, and in doing so gives you the tools you need to set out and negotiate a successful future course for your organization in the face of significant uncertainty.

Hidden Costs of Energy

Hidden Costs of Energy
Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2010-06-26
ISBN 10: 0309146402
ISBN 13: 9780309146401
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hidden Costs of Energy Book Review:

Despite the many benefits of energy, most of which are reflected in energy market prices, the production, distribution, and use of energy causes negative effects. Many of these negative effects are not reflected in energy market prices. When market failures like this occur, there may be a case for government interventions in the form of regulations, taxes, fees, tradable permits, or other instruments that will motivate recognition of these external or hidden costs. The Hidden Costs of Energy defines and evaluates key external costs and benefits that are associated with the production, distribution, and use of energy, but are not reflected in market prices. The damage estimates presented are substantial and reflect damages from air pollution associated with electricity generation, motor vehicle transportation, and heat generation. The book also considers other effects not quantified in dollar amounts, such as damages from climate change, effects of some air pollutants such as mercury, and risks to national security. While not a comprehensive guide to policy, this analysis indicates that major initiatives to further reduce other emissions, improve energy efficiency, or shift to a cleaner electricity generating mix could substantially reduce the damages of external effects. A first step in minimizing the adverse consequences of new energy technologies is to better understand these external effects and damages. The Hidden Costs of Energy will therefore be a vital informational tool for government policy makers, scientists, and economists in even the earliest stages of research and development on energy technologies.