Kappa Distributions

Kappa Distributions
Author: George Livadiotis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 738
Release: 2017-04-19
ISBN 10: 0128046392
ISBN 13: 9780128046395
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kappa Distributions Book Review:

Kappa Distributions: Theory and Applications in Plasmas presents the theoretical developments of kappa distributions, their applications in plasmas, and how they affect the underpinnings of our understanding of space and plasma physics, astrophysics, and statistical mechanics/thermodynamics. Separated into three major parts, the book covers theoretical methods, analytical methods in plasmas, and applications in space plasmas. The first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of the statistical theory of kappa distributions, beginning with their connection to the solid backgrounds of non-extensive statistical mechanics. The book then moves on to plasma physics, and is devoted to analytical methods related to kappa distributions on various basic plasma topics, spanning linear/nonlinear plasma waves, solitons, shockwaves, and dusty plasmas. The final part of the book deals with applications in space plasmas, focusing on applications of theoretical and analytical developments in space plasmas from the heliosphere and beyond, in other astrophysical plasmas. Kappa Distributions is ideal for space, plasma, and statistical physicists; geophysicists, especially of the upper atmosphere; Earth and planetary scientists; and astrophysicists. Answers important questions, such as how plasma waves are affected by kappa distributions and how solar wind, magnetospheres, and other geophysical, space, and astrophysical plasmas can be modeled using kappa distributions Presents the features of kappa distributions in the context of plasmas, including how kappa indices, temperatures, and densities vary among the species populations in different plasmas Provides readers with the information they need to decide which specific formula of kappa distribution should be used for a certain occasion and system (toolbox)

Kappa Distributions

Kappa Distributions
Author: Marian Lazar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030826236
ISBN 13: 9783030826239
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kappa Distributions Book Review:

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R
Author: Zaven A. Karian,Edward J. Dudewicz
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1718
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN 10: 1584887125
ISBN 13: 9781584887126
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R Book Review:

With the development of new fitting methods, their increased use in applications, and improved computer languages, the fitting of statistical distributions to data has come a long way since the introduction of the generalized lambda distribution (GLD) in 1969. Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R presents the latest and best methods

Kappa Distributions

Kappa Distributions
Author: Marian Lazar,Horst Fichtner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-10-16
ISBN 10: 9783030826222
ISBN 13: 3030826228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kappa Distributions Book Review:

This book presents recent results on the modelling of space plasmas with Kappa distributions and their interpretation. Hot and dilute space plasmas most often do not reach thermal equilibrium, their dynamics being essentially conditioned by the kinetic effects of plasma particles, i.e., electrons, protons, and heavier ions. Deviations from thermal equilibrium shown by these plasma particles are often described by Kappa distributions. Although well-known, these distributions are still controversial in achieving a statistical characterization and a physical interpretation of non-equilibrium plasmas. The results of the Kappa modelling presented here mark a significant progress with respect to all these aspects and open perspectives to understanding the high-resolution data collected by the new generation of telescopes and spacecraft missions. The book is directed to the large community of plasma astrophysics, including graduate students and specialists from associated disciplines, given the palette of the proposed topics reaching from applications to the solar atmosphere and the solar wind, via linear and quasilinear modelling of multi-species plasmas and waves within, to the fundamental physics of nonequilibrium plasmas.

Permutation Methods

Permutation Methods
Author: Paul W. Mielke,Kenneth J. Berry
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9780387988825
ISBN 13: 0387988823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Permutation Methods Book Review:

The book will provide a comprehensive treatment of statistical inference using permutation techniques. Its purpose is to make available to practitioners a variety of useful and powerful data analytic tools that rely on very few distributional assumptions. Although many of these procedures have appeared in journal articles, they are not readily available to practitioners.

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena
Author: Jean-Pierre Rozelot
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2006-09-22
ISBN 10: 3540337598
ISBN 13: 9783540337591
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena Book Review:

This book comprises an excursion through space weather, a scientific topic in rapid growth and with growing impact and implications for technological societies. The text is aimed at students and scientists working, or interested in, the field and provides a thorough introduction to the topic for those who wish to become acquainted with the basic solar physics at the origin of space weather.

The Cluster Active Archive

The Cluster Active Archive
Author: Harri Laakso,Matthew Taylor,C. Philippe Escoubet
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2009-12-04
ISBN 10: 9789048134991
ISBN 13: 9048134994
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cluster Active Archive Book Review:

Since the year 2000 the ESA Cluster mission has been investigating the small-scale structures and processes of the Earth's plasma environment, such as those involved in the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetospheric plasma, in global magnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics of the neutral line and of plasmoids. This book contains presentations made at the 15th Cluster workshop held in March 2008. It also presents several articles about the Cluster Active Archive and its datasets, a few overview papers on the Cluster mission, and articles reporting on scientific findings on the solar wind, the magnetosheath, the magnetopause and the magnetotail.

Basic Space Plasma Physics Revised Edition

Basic Space Plasma Physics  Revised Edition
Author: Baumjohann Wolfgang,Treumann Rudolf
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2012-03-20
ISBN 10: 1911298682
ISBN 13: 9781911298687
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Space Plasma Physics Revised Edition Book Review:

This textbook begins with a description of the Earth's plasma environment, followed by the derivation of single particle motions in electromagnetic fields, with applications to the Earth's magnetosphere. Also discussed are the origin and effects of collisions and conductivities, formation of the ionosphere, magnetospheric convection and dynamics, and solar wind-magnetosphere coupling.The second half of the book presents a more theoretical foundation of plasma physics, starting with kinetic theory. Introducing moments of distribution function permits the derivation of the fluid equations, followed by an analysis of fluid boundaries, with the Earth's magnetopause and bow shock as examples, and finally, fluid and kinetic theory are applied to derive the relevant wave modes in a plasma.This revised edition seamlessly integrates new sections on magnetopause reconstruction, as well as instability theory and thermal fluctuations based on new developments in space physics. Applications such as the important problems of collisionless reconnection and collisionless shocks are covered, and some problems have also been included at the end of each chapter./a

The Middle Paleolithic Site of Combe Capelle Bas France

The Middle Paleolithic Site of Combe Capelle Bas  France
Author: Harold L. Dibble
Publsiher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology
Total Pages: 363
Release: 1995-01-29
ISBN 10: 9780924171383
ISBN 13: 0924171383
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Middle Paleolithic Site of Combe Capelle Bas France Book Review:

This report presents the new excavations at Combe-Capelle Bas, a Middle Paleolithic site in southern France. The site is situated directly on a source of good quality flint, and recent theories suggest that such a setting may have certain predictable effects on the lithic industries. These effects, and others relating to current models of raw material procurement and use, are discussed. This book will appeal to anyone interested in Paleolithic archaeology, lithic analysis, raw material use, and site formation and taphonomy. University Museum Monograph, 91

Space Physics and Aeronomy Solar Physics and Solar Wind

Space Physics and Aeronomy  Solar Physics and Solar Wind
Author: Angelos Vourlidas,Nour E. Raouafi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-04-14
ISBN 10: 1119815487
ISBN 13: 9781119815488
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Physics and Aeronomy Solar Physics and Solar Wind Book Review:

A comprehensive view of our Sun at the start of a new era in solar and heliospheric physics Humans have been observing and studying our Sun for centuries, yet much is still unknown about the processes that drive its behavior. Thanks to a new generation of space missions and ground telescopes, we are poised to dramatically increase our understanding of the Sun and its environment. Solar Physics and Solar Wind explores advances in solar and heliospheric research over recent decades, as well as the challenges that remain. This comprehensive reference work covers the solar interior, magnetism and radiation, plasma heating and acceleration, the sun's atmosphere, and solar activity. Volume highlights include: Explanations for processes in the solar interior New insights on the solar wind The challenges of measuring the Sun's magnetic field and its radiative output Description of solar atmospheric phenomena such as spicules and jets New developments in understanding flares and coronal mass ejections Ongoing research into how the solar corona is heated The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals. Find out more about the Space Physics and Aeronomy collection in this Q&A with the Editors in Chief

Hydrology

Hydrology
Author: André Musy,Benoit Hingray,Cécile Picouet
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2014-07-23
ISBN 10: 1466590599
ISBN 13: 9781466590595
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrology Book Review:

This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Modelling Identification and Control ICMIC2019

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Modelling  Identification and Control  ICMIC2019
Author: Rui Wang,Zengqiang Chen,Weicun Zhang,Quanmin Zhu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1387
Release: 2019-12-03
ISBN 10: 9811504741
ISBN 13: 9789811504747
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Modelling Identification and Control ICMIC2019 Book Review:

This book includes original, peer-reviewed research papers from the 11th International Conference on Modelling, Identification and Control (ICMIC2019), held in Tianjin, China on July 13-15, 2019. The topics covered include but are not limited to: System Identification, Linear/Nonlinear Control Systems, Data-driven Modelling and Control, Process Modelling and Process Control, Fault Diagnosis and Reliable Control, Intelligent Systems, and Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.The papers showcased here share the latest findings on methodologies, algorithms and applications in modelling, identification, and control, integrated with Artificial Intelligence (AI), making the book a valuable asset for researchers, engineers, and university students alike.

Monthly Weather Review

Monthly Weather Review
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210013899347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monthly Weather Review Book Review:

Problems of Drug Dependence

Problems of Drug Dependence
Author: College on Problems of Drug Dependence (U.S.). Scientific Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1997
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105223083770
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Problems of Drug Dependence Book Review:

Journal of Pulp and Paper Science

Journal of Pulp and Paper Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951P010941627
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Pulp and Paper Science Book Review:

Fundamentals of Spacecraft Charging

Fundamentals of Spacecraft Charging
Author: Shu T. Lai
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2011-10-17
ISBN 10: 1400839092
ISBN 13: 9781400839094
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Spacecraft Charging Book Review:

As commercial and military spacecraft become more important to the world's economy and defense, and as new scientific and exploratory missions are launched into space, the need for a single comprehensive resource on spacecraft charging becomes increasingly critical. Fundamentals of Spacecraft Charging is the first and only textbook to bring together all the necessary concepts and equations for a complete understanding of the subject. Written by one of the field's leading authorities, this essential reference enables readers to fully grasp the newest ideas and underlying physical mechanisms related to the electrostatic charging of spacecraft in the space environment. Assuming that readers may have little or no background in this area, this complete textbook covers all aspects of the field. The coverage is detailed and thorough, and topics range from secondary and backscattered electrons, spacecraft charging in Maxwellian plasmas, effective mitigation techniques, and potential wells and barriers to operational anomalies, meteors, and neutral gas release. Significant equations are derived from first principles, and abundant examples, exercises, figures, illustrations, and tables are furnished to facilitate comprehension. Fundamentals of Spacecraft Charging is the definitive reference on the physics of spacecraft charging and is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate-level students, and professional space researchers. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Hydromagnetic Waves and Instabilities in Kappa Distribution Plasma

Hydromagnetic Waves and Instabilities in Kappa Distribution Plasma
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 12
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:640114219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydromagnetic Waves and Instabilities in Kappa Distribution Plasma Book Review:

Stability properties of hydromagnetic waves (shear and compressional Alfven waves) in spatially homogeneous plasma are investigated when the equilibrium particle velocity distributions in both parallel and perpendicular directions (in reference to the ambient magnetic field) are modeled by kappa distributions. Analysis is presented for the limiting cases absolute-value(Xi (sub alpha) is much less than 1 and absolute-value(Xi sub alpha) is much greater than 1 for which solutions of the dispersion relations are analytically tractable. Here Xi(sub alpha)(alpha = e, i) is the ratio of the wave phase speed and the electron (ion) thermal speed. Both low and high beta (= plasma pressure/ magnetic pressure) plasmas are considered. The distinguishing features of the hydromagnetic waves in kappa distribution plasma are (1) both Landau damping and transit-time damping rates are larger than those in Maxwellian plasma because of the enhanced high-energy tail of the kappa distribution and (2) density and temperature perturbations in response to the electromagnetic perturbations are different from those in Maxwellian plasma when absolute-value(Xi (sub alpha)) is much less than 1. Moreover, frequency of the oscillatory stable modes (e.g., kinetic shear Alfven wave) and excitation condition of the nonoscillatory (zero frequency) unstable modes (e.g., mirror instability) in kappa distribution plasma are also different from those in Maxwellian plasma. Quantitative estimates of the differences depend on the specific choice of the kappa distribution. For simplicity of notations, same spectral indices K parallel and K perpendicular have been assumed for both electron and ion population. However, the analysis can be easily generalized to allow for different values of the spectral indices for the two charged populations.

Geometric Theory of Information

Geometric Theory of Information
Author: Frank Nielsen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-05-08
ISBN 10: 3319053175
ISBN 13: 9783319053172
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geometric Theory of Information Book Review:

This book brings together geometric tools and their applications for Information analysis. It collects current and many uses of in the interdisciplinary fields of Information Geometry Manifolds in Advanced Signal, Image & Video Processing, Complex Data Modeling and Analysis, Information Ranking and Retrieval, Coding, Cognitive Systems, Optimal Control, Statistics on Manifolds, Machine Learning, Speech/sound recognition and natural language treatment which are also substantially relevant for the industry.

A Global Kinetic Model for Electron Radiation Belt Formation and Evolution

A Global Kinetic Model for Electron Radiation Belt Formation and Evolution
Author: Zhenpeng Su
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2015-03-25
ISBN 10: 3662466511
ISBN 13: 9783662466513
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Global Kinetic Model for Electron Radiation Belt Formation and Evolution Book Review:

This thesis focuses on the construction and application of an electron radiation belt kinetic model including various adiabatic and non-adiabatic processes. The terrestrial radiation belt was discovered over 50 years ago and has received a resurgence of interest in recent years. The main drivers of radiation belt research are the fundamental science questions surrounding its complex and dramatic dynamics and particularly its potential hazards posed to space-borne systems. The establishment of physics-based radiation belt models will be able to identify the contributions of various mechanisms, forecast the future radiation belt evolution and then mitigate its adverse space weather effects. Dr. Su is now an Professor works in Department of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

Decision Making and Soft Computing

Decision Making and Soft Computing
Author: Ronei Marcos de Moraes,Etienne E Kerre,Liliane dos Santos Machado,Jie Lu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 780
Release: 2014-07-07
ISBN 10: 9814623008
ISBN 13: 9789814623001
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decision Making and Soft Computing Book Review:

FLINS, originally an acronym for Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Technologies in Nuclear Science, is now extended to Computational Intelligence for applied research. The contributions to the 11th of FLINS conference cover state-of-the-art research, development, and technology for computational intelligence systems, both from the foundations and the applications points-of-view. Contents:Invited Lectures:The Contribution of Fuzzy Sets to Decision Sciences (D Dubois)Granular Fuzzy Systems: A New Direction in Soft Computing and Human Centric Decision-Making (Witold Pedrycz)Some Approaches Towards Lattice Computing in Mathematical Morphology and Computational Intelligence (Peter Sussner)Decision Making and Decision Support SystemsStatistics, Data Analysis and Data MiningFoundations of Computational IntelligenceSoft Computing and Applied ResearchIntelligent Systems and Knowledge EngineeringUncertainty ModelingIntelligent Information Processing Readership: Graduate students, researchers, and academics in artificial intelligence/machine learning, information management, decision sciences, databases/information sciences and fuzzy logic. Keywords:FLINS 2014;Soft Computing;Knowledge Engineering;Decision Making