Judgment Decision Making and Embodied Choices

Judgment  Decision Making  and Embodied Choices
Author: Markus Raab
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2020-10-14
ISBN 10: 0128235608
ISBN 13: 9780128235607
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment Decision Making and Embodied Choices Book Review:

Judgment, Decision-Making, and Embodied Choices introduces a new concept of embodied choices which take sensorimotor experiences into account when limited time and resources forces a person to make a quick decision. This book combines areas of cognitive psychology and movement science, presenting an integrative approach to understanding human functioning in everyday scenarios. This is the first book focusing on the role of the gut as a second brain, introducing the link to risky behavior. The book's author engages readers by providing real-life experiences and scenarios connecting theory to practice. Discusses the role of gut feelings and the brain-gut behavior connection Demonstrates that behavior influences decision and other people’s perceptions about mood or character Includes research on medical decisions and shopping decisions Illustrates how to train embodied choices

Judgment and Decision Making

Judgment and Decision Making
Author: Baruch Fischhoff
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN 10: 1136497331
ISBN 13: 9781136497339
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment and Decision Making Book Review:

Behavioral decision research offers a distinctive approach to understanding and improving decision making. It combines theory and method from multiple disciples (psychology, economics, statistics, decision theory, management science). It employs both empirical methods, to study how decisions are actually made, and analytical ones, to study how decisions should be made and how consequential imperfections are. This book brings together key publications, selected to represent the major topics and approaches used in the field. Put in one place, with integrating commentary, it shows the common elements in a research program that represents the scope of the field, while offering depth in each. Together, they provide a vision for what has become a burgeoning field.

Neuroscience of Decision Making

Neuroscience of Decision Making
Author: Oshin Vartanian,David R. Mandel
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2011-04-14
ISBN 10: 113685987X
ISBN 13: 9781136859878
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroscience of Decision Making Book Review:

The intersection between the fields of behavioral decision research and neuroscience has proved to be fertile ground for interdisciplinary research. Whereas the former is rich in formalized models of choice, the latter is rife with techniques for testing behavioral models at the brain level. As a result, there has been the rapid emergence of progressively more sophisticated biological models of choice, geared toward the development of ever more complete mechanistic models of behavior. This volume provides a coherent framework for distilling some of the key themes that have emerged as a function of this research program, and highlights what we have learned about judgment and decision making as a result. Although topics that are theoretically relevant to judgment and decision making researchers are addressed, the book also ventures somewhat beyond the traditional boundaries of this area to tackle themes that would of interest to a greater community of scholars. Neuroscience of Decision Making provides contemporary and essential reading for researchers and students of cognitive psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and economics.

Neuroeconomics Judgment and Decision Making

Neuroeconomics  Judgment  and Decision Making
Author: Evan A. Wilhelms,Valerie F. Reyna
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2014-07-11
ISBN 10: 1317652746
ISBN 13: 9781317652748
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics Judgment and Decision Making Book Review:

This volume explores how and why people make judgments and decisions that have economic consequences, and what the implications are for human well-being. It provides an integrated review of the latest research from many different disciplines, including social, cognitive, and developmental psychology; neuroscience and neurobiology; and economics and business. The book has six areas of focus: historical foundations; cognitive consistency and inconsistency; heuristics and biases; neuroeconomics and neurobiology; developmental and individual differences; and improving decisions. Throughout, the contributors draw out implications from traditional behavioral research as well as evidence from neuroscience. In recent years, neuroscientific methods have matured, beyond being simply correlational and descriptive, into theoretical prediction and explanation, and this has opened up many new areas of discovery about economic behavior that are reviewed in the book. In the final part, there are applications of the research to cognitive development, individual differences, and the improving of decisions. The book takes a broad perspective and is written in an accessible way so as to reach a wide audience of advanced students and researchers interested in behavioral economics and related areas. This includes neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, psychologists (developmental, social, and cognitive), economists and other social scientists; legal scholars and criminologists; professionals in public health and medicine; educators; evidence-based practitioners; and policy-makers.

Social Judgment and Decision Making

Social Judgment and Decision Making
Author: Joachim I. Krueger
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2012-05-04
ISBN 10: 1136988572
ISBN 13: 9781136988578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Judgment and Decision Making Book Review:

This volume brings together classic key concepts and innovative theoretical ideas in the psychology of judgment and decision-making in social contexts. The chapters of the first section address the basic psychological processes underlying judgment and decision-making. The guiding question is "What information comes to mind and how is it transformed?" The second section poses the question of how social judgments and decisions are to be evaluated. The chapters in this section present new quantitative models that help separate various forms of accuracy and bias. The third section shows how judgments and decisions are shaped by ecological constraints. These chapters show how many seemingly complex configurations of social information are tractable by relatively simple statistical heuristics. The fourth section explores the relevance of research on judgment and decision making for specific tasks of personal or social relevance. These chapters explore how individuals can efficiently select mates, form and maintain friendship alliances, judiciously integrate their attitudes with those of a group, and help shape policies that are rational and morally sound. The book is intended as an essential resource for senior undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers, and practitioners.

Judgment and Decision Making

Judgment and Decision Making
Author: Peter Juslin,Henry Montgomery
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2007-09-26
ISBN 10: 1135668736
ISBN 13: 9781135668730
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment and Decision Making Book Review:

Research on human judgment and decision making has been strongly guided by a normative/descriptive approach, according to which human decision making is compared to the normative models provided by decision theory, statistics, and the probability calculus. A common empirical finding has been that human behavior deviates from the prescriptions by normative models--that judgments and decisions are subject to cognitive biases. It is interesting to note that Swedish research on judgment and decision making made an early departure from this dominating mainstream tradition, albeit in two different ways. The Neo-Brunswikian research highlights the relationship between the laboratory task and the adaptation to a natural environment. The process-tracing approach attempts to identify the cognitive processes before, during, and after a decision. This volume summarizes current Swedish research on judgment and decision making, covering topics, such as dynamic decision making, confidence research, the search for dominance structures and differentiation, and social decision making.

Simple Heuristics that Make Us Smart

Simple Heuristics that Make Us Smart
Author: Gerd Gigerenzer,Peter M. Todd,ABC Research Group
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2000-10-12
ISBN 10: 0190286768
ISBN 13: 9780190286767
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Simple Heuristics that Make Us Smart Book Review:

Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart invites readers to embark on a new journey into a land of rationality that differs from the familiar territory of cognitive science and economics. Traditional views of rationality tend to see decision makers as possessing superhuman powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and all of eternity in which to ponder choices. To understand decisions in the real world, we need a different, more psychologically plausible notion of rationality, and this book provides it. It is about fast and frugal heuristics--simple rules for making decisions when time is pressing and deep thought an unaffordable luxury. These heuristics can enable both living organisms and artificial systems to make smart choices, classifications, and predictions by employing bounded rationality. But when and how can such fast and frugal heuristics work? Can judgments based simply on one good reason be as accurate as those based on many reasons? Could less knowledge even lead to systematically better predictions than more knowledge? Simple Heuristics explores these questions, developing computational models of heuristics and testing them through experiments and analyses. It shows how fast and frugal heuristics can produce adaptive decisions in situations as varied as choosing a mate, dividing resources among offspring, predicting high school drop out rates, and playing the stock market. As an interdisciplinary work that is both useful and engaging, this book will appeal to a wide audience. It is ideal for researchers in cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, and cognitive science, as well as in economics and artificial intelligence. It will also inspire anyone interested in simply making good decisions.

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents
Author: Janis E. Jacobs,Paul A. Klaczynski
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2006-04-21
ISBN 10: 1135633525
ISBN 13: 9781135633523
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents Book Review:

In recent years, newspaper articles, television specials, and other media events have focused on the numerous hard decisions faced by today's youth, often pointing to teen pregnancy, drug use, and delinquency as evidence of faulty judgment. Over the past 10 years, many groups - including parents, educators, policymakers, and researchers - have become concerned about the decision-making abilities of children and adolescents, asking why they make risky choices, how they can be taught to be better decision makers, and what types of age-related changes occur in decision making. This book serves as a starting point for those interested in considering new ways of thinking about the development of these issues. The purpose is to bring together the voices of several authors who are conducting cutting-edge research and developing new theoretical perspectives related to the development of judgment and decision making. The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents is divided into three parts: Part I presents three distinctive developmental models that offer different explanations of "what develops" and the relative importance of different cognitive components and experiential components that may be important for developing judgment and decision making skills. Part II emphasizes the emotional, cultural, and social aspects of decision making--three topics that have been influential in the adult literature on judgment and decision making but are just beginning to be explored in the developmental area. Part III provides three examples of research that applies developmental and decision making models to practical research questions. This book is intended for the professional market or for graduate courses on decision making or cognitive or social development.

Judgment and Decision Making at Work

Judgment and Decision Making at Work
Author: Scott Highhouse,Reeshad S. Dalal,Eduardo Salas
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2013-09-05
ISBN 10: 1135021945
ISBN 13: 9781135021948
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment and Decision Making at Work Book Review:

Employees are constantly making decisions and judgments that have the potential to affect themselves, their families, their work organizations, and on some occasion even the broader societies in which they live. A few examples include: deciding which job applicant to hire, setting a production goal, judging one’s level of job satisfaction, deciding to steal from the cash register, agreeing to help organize the company’s holiday party, forecasting corporate tax rates two years later, deciding to report a coworker for sexual harassment, and predicting the level of risk inherent in a new business venture. In other words, a great many topics of interest to organizational researchers ultimately reduce to decisions made by employees. Yet, numerous entreaties notwithstanding, industrial and organizational psychologists typically have not incorporated a judgment and decision-making perspective in their research. The current book begins to remedy the situation by facilitating cross-pollination between the disciplines of organizational psychology and decision-making. The book describes both laboratory and more “naturalistic” field research on judgment and decision-making, and applies it to core topics of interest to industrial and organizational psychologists: performance appraisal, employee selection, individual differences, goals, leadership, teams, and stress, among others. The book also suggests ways in which industrial and organizational psychology research can benefit the discipline of judgment and decision-making. The authors of the chapters in this book conduct research at the intersection of organizational psychology and decision-making, and consequently are uniquely positioned to bridging the divide between the two disciplines.

Embodied Moral Psychology and Confucian Philosophy

Embodied Moral Psychology and Confucian Philosophy
Author: Bongrae Seok
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0739148931
ISBN 13: 9780739148938
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Embodied Moral Psychology and Confucian Philosophy Book Review:

The body is not a physical reservoir or temporary means of cognitive processes but the part and parcel of our cognitive and moral life. Confucian philosophy provides insightful discussions and examples of how the body serves the moral mind not only causally but also constitutionally.

Confidence in Critical Thinking

Confidence in Critical Thinking
Author: Arlene Egan
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2019-03-20
ISBN 10: 1351670247
ISBN 13: 9781351670241
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Confidence in Critical Thinking Book Review:

Confidence in Critical Thinking bridges the gap between theory and application for both new and established educators who wish to recognise their own critical-thinking skills, develop them and, in turn, support the development of their learners. By harnessing findings from research on design, engagement, goal setting, coaching, performance and the influence of language, this book: Facilitates educators in moving from thinking about these skills as theoretical concepts to practical application Supports educators in their own personal development Provides practical exercises and ideas for learner skills development Encourages reflection from the educator on their own development. A must-read for those wishing to examine the assumption that critical-thinking development happens to all learners to an equal degree as a natural part of the education process. Confidence in Critical Thinking is for both learners wishing to understand and develop critical-thinking skills and educators wanting to develop their learners’, and their own, critical skills.

Judgment Misguided

Judgment Misguided
Author: Jonathan Baron
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 225
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 0195111087
ISBN 13: 9780195111088
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment Misguided Book Review:

People often follow intuitive principles of decision making, ranging from group loyalty to the belief that nature is benign. But instead of using these principles as rules of thumb, we often treat them as absolutes and ignore the consequences of following them blindly. In Judgment Misguided, Jonathan Baron explores our well-meant and deeply felt personal intuitions about what is right and wrong, and how they affect the public domain. Baron argues that when these intuitions are valued in their own right, rather than as a means to another end, they often prevent us from achieving the results we want. Focusing on cases where our intuitive principles take over public decision making, the book examines some of our most common intuitions and the ways they can be misused. According to Baron, we can avoid these problems by paying more attention to the effects of our decisions. Written in a accessible style, the book is filled with compelling case studies, such as abortion, nuclear power, immigration, and the decline of the Atlantic fishery, among others, which illustrate a range of intuitions and how they impede the public's best interests. Judgment Misguided will be important reading for those involved in public decision making, and researchers and students in psychology and the social sciences, as well as everyone looking for insight into the decisions that affect us all.

The Routines of Decision Making

The Routines of Decision Making
Author: Tilmann Betsch,Susanne Haberstroh
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2014-04-04
ISBN 10: 1135622949
ISBN 13: 9781135622947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routines of Decision Making Book Review:

Experience is currently a hot theme in decision making. For a long time, decision research was almost exclusively focused on new decisions and neglected the importance of experience. It took the field until the 1990s for a new direction in research and theorizing to become visible in the literature. There are parallel movements happening in sociology, political science, social psychology, and business. The purpose of this edited book is to provide a balanced and representative overview of what is currently known about the dynamics of experienced-based decision making. The chapters are written by renowned experts in the field and provide the latest theoretical developments, integrative frameworks, and state-of-the-art reviews of research in the laboratory and in the field.

Radical Embodied Cognitive Science of Human Behavior Skill Acquisition Expertise and Talent Development

Radical Embodied Cognitive Science of Human Behavior  Skill Acquisition  Expertise and Talent Development
Author: Ludovic Seifert,Keith Davids,Denis Hauw,Marek McGann
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-09-02
ISBN 10: 2889639762
ISBN 13: 9782889639762
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radical Embodied Cognitive Science of Human Behavior Skill Acquisition Expertise and Talent Development Book Review:

The Psychological Experience of Integrating Content and Language

The Psychological Experience of Integrating Content and Language
Author: Kyle Read Talbot,Marie-Theres Gruber,Rieko Nishida
Publsiher: Multilingual Matters
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2021-02-28
ISBN 10: 1788924312
ISBN 13: 9781788924313
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Psychological Experience of Integrating Content and Language Book Review:

This book brings together a diverse range of empirical chapters spanning various contexts and educational levels which explore the psychology of teaching and learning a subject through a second or other language. The chapters discuss both the psychological stressors and strains for learners and teachers, as well as the benefits and joys of being involved in such programmes. The studies encompass a range of areas, such as Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), Foreign Language Medium of Instruction (FMI), bilingual education and other related approaches to integrating content and language. They feature a variety of psychological constructs, including identity, self-confidence, motivation, self-concept, teacher and learner beliefs, affect, anxiety, stress, mindsets, attributions and well-being, from the perspectives of both teachers and learners. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in ensuring that teachers and students are properly supported and that their experiences of integrated content and language settings enable them to flourish.

The Art and Science of Making Up Your Mind

The Art and Science of Making Up Your Mind
Author: Rex V. Brown
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2019-06-14
ISBN 10: 1000024571
ISBN 13: 9781000024579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Art and Science of Making Up Your Mind Book Review:

The Art and Science of Making Up Your Mind presents basic decision-making principles and tools to help the reader respond efficiently and wisely to everyday dilemmas. Although most decisions are made informally (whether intuitively without deliberate thought, or based on careful reflection), over the centuries people have tried to develop systematic, scientific and structured ways in which to make decisions. Using qualitative counterparts to quantitative models, Rex Brown takes the reader through the basics, like ‘what is a decision’ and then considers a wide variety of real-life decisions, explaining how the best judgments can be made using logical principles. Combining multiple evaluations of the same judgment ("hybrid judgment") and exploring innovative analytical concepts (such as "ideal judgment"), this book explores and analyzes the skills needed to master the basics of non-mathematical decision making, and what should be done, using real world illustrations of decision methods. The book is an ideal companion for students of Thinking, Reasoning and Decision-Making, and also for anyone wanting to understand how to make better judgments in their everyday lives.

Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment

Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment
Author: Thomas Grisso,Paul S. Appelbaum
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 211
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780195103724
ISBN 13: 0195103726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment Book Review:

The book explains how assessments should be conducted and offers detailed, practice-tested interview guidelines to assist medical practitioners in this task. Numerous case studies illustrate real-life applications of the concepts and methods discussed. Grisso and Appelbaum also explore the often difficult process of making judgments about competence and describe what to do when patients' capacities are limited.".

Embodied Environmental Risk in Technical Communication

Embodied Environmental Risk in Technical Communication
Author: Samuel Stinson,Mary Le Rouge
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2022-03-04
ISBN 10: 1000548880
ISBN 13: 9781000548884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Embodied Environmental Risk in Technical Communication Book Review:

The second edition of this vital text integrates theory, research, and application to orient readers to the latest thinking about the role of social media in crisis communication. Specific crisis arenas, such as health, corporate, nonprofit, religious, political, and disaster, are examined in depth as well as social media platforms and newer technology. Social Media and Crisis Communication, Second Edition provides a fresh look at the role of visual communication in social media and a more global review of social media and crisis communication literature. With an enhanced focus on ethics section, a short communication overview piece, and case studies for each Area of Application, it is practical for use in a variety of learning settings. A must-read for scholars, advanced students, and practitioners who wish to stay on the leading-edge of research, this book will appeal to those in public relations, strategic communications, corporate communications, government and NGO communications, and emergency and disaster response.

Judgment Decision making and Success in Sport

Judgment  Decision making and Success in Sport
Author: Michael Bar-Eli,Henning Plessner,Markus Raab
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2011-08-26
ISBN 10: 1119976936
ISBN 13: 9781119976936
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment Decision making and Success in Sport Book Review:

Judgment, Decision-Making and Success in Sport presents a thorough overview and assessment of the study of Judgment and Decision-Making (JDM) in sports psychology, and represents an important source of information for those interested in the possible causes and reasons for success and failure in sport. The only book to apply the principles of JDM to sport Applies theory to practice by looking at problems of athletes, coaches, and referees and providing recommendations for dealing with them Offers an overview of current JDM research Useful for psychologists, physical education teachers, sports scientists, and researchers in this field

Good Morning I Love You

Good Morning  I Love You
Author: Shauna Shapiro
Publsiher: Sounds True
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-01-28
ISBN 10: 1683644301
ISBN 13: 9781683644309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Good Morning I Love You Book Review:

Discover the Transformative Effects of Being Kind to Yourself “This brilliant book offers us both the science and practice of how self-kindness is the secret sauce of fulfillment, transformation, and joy.” —Lorin Roche, meditation teacher and author of The Radiance Sutras Many of us yearn to feel a greater sense of inner calm, ease, joy, and purpose. We have tried meditation and found it too difficult. We judge ourselves for being no good at emptying our minds (as if one ever could) or compare ourselves with yogis who seem to have it all together. We live in a steady state of “not good enough.” It does not have to be this way. In Good Morning, I Love You, Dr. Shauna Shapiro brings alive the brain science behind why we feel the way we do—about ourselves, each other, and the world—and explains why we get stuck in thinking that doesn’t serve us. It turns out that we are hardwired to be self-critical and negative! And this negativity is constantly undermining our experience of life. “It is never too late to rewire your brain for positivity—for calm, clarity, and joy,” writes Dr. Shapiro. “I know this is possible because I experienced it. Best of all, you can begin wherever you are.” In short, lively chapters laced with science, wisdom, and story, Shapiro, one of the leading scientists studying the effects of mindfulness on the brain, shows us that acting with kindness and compassion toward ourselves is the key. With her roadmap to guide you, including her signature “Good Morning, I Love You” practice, in which you deliberately greet yourself each day with these simple words, you can change your brain’s circuitry and steady yourself in feelings of deep calm, clarity, and joy. For good.