Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Randolf Menzel,Paul Benjamin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 012398260X
ISBN 13: 9780123982605
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is one of the major outstanding questions in modern neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity, and invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates have been found to be generally applicable to higher organisms, and the overarching theme of the proposed will be to integrate information from different levels of neural organization to help generate a complete account of learning and memory. Edited by two leaders in the field, Invertebrate Learning and Memory will offer a current and comprehensive review, with chapters authored by experts in each topic. The volume will take a multidisciplinary approach, exploring behavioral, cellular, genetic, molecular, and computational investigations of memory. Coverage will include comparative cognition at the behavioral and mechanistic level, developments in concepts and methodologies that will underlie future advancements, and mechanistic examples from the most important vertebrate systems (nematodes, molluscs, and insects). Neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in the neural control of cognitive behavior will benefit, as will as will those in the field of invertebrate learning. Presents an overview of invertebrate studies at the molecular / cellular / neural levels and correlates findings to mammalian behavioral investigations Linking multidisciplinary approaches allows for full understanding of how molecular changes in neurons and circuits underpin behavioral plasticity Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for comparative learning and memory researchers

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: M. Heisenberg
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071508
ISBN 13: 9780128071502
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Animals owe much of their fitness to their behavior. They often have a large behavioral repertoire that they have to manage. For this, they need their brain. Using Drosophila as the study case, this chapter depicts animals as autonomous agents and the brain as a behavioral organizer. Behavior is active. It is generated for its consequences. It serves to change or restore the animal’s condition, with no guarantee for improvement. There are two kinds of activity—reactivity and initiating activity. If in a special situation, the animal’s repertoire contains a behavior with sufficiently positive inferred outcome and this is activated, it is called a reaction. Most situations, however, provide no special cues for which reactions would be available. Animals do not have to wait. They can activate behaviors ‘by themselves,’ in search of one with positive outcome.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Martin Giurfa,Randolf Menzel
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071516
ISBN 13: 9780128071519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

The behavior of insects transcends elementary forms of adaptive responding to environmental changes. We discuss examples of exploration, instrumental and observational learning, expectation, learning in a social context, and planning of future actions. We show that learning about sensory cues allows insects to transfer flexibly their responses to novel stimuli attaining thereby different levels of complexity, from basic generalization to categorization and concept learning consistent with rule extraction. We argue that updating of existing memories requires multiple forms of memory processing. A key element in these processes is working memory, an active form of memory considered to allow evaluation of actions on the basis of expected outcome. We discuss which of these cognitive faculties can be traced to specific neural processes and how they relate to the overall organization of the insect brain.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Ludovic Dickel,Anne-Sophie Darmaillacq,Christelle Jozet-Alves,Cécile Bellanger
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071737
ISBN 13: 9780128071731
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

This chapter summarizes the literature on the anatomical and functional organization of the cuttlefish brain, with a focus on the structures involved in learning and memory processes (namely the vertical lobe system and optic lobes). Also, different learning paradigms that are commonly used in Sepia officinalis are described with, when possible, their neural correlates. Recent work on the early development of brain and memory is also reviewed. Some research directions to follow in the field of neurobiology of learning and memory in cuttlefish are suggested to better understand the extraordinary behavioral plasticity of these sophisticated invertebrates.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Robert D. Hawkins,Igor Antonov,Iksung Jin
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071648
ISBN 13: 9780128071649
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Whereas short-term (minutes) plasticity is either presynaptic or postsynaptic, long-term (days) plasticity involves synaptic remodeling and growth, which require both presynaptic and postsynaptic mechanisms. In addition, an intermediate-term stage has been identified that lasts tens of minutes and involves the recruitment of synaptic proteins but not growth. These findings have raised two fundamental questions: How are the different stages of plasticity related, and when and how does plasticity spread from one side of the synapse to both sides? Studies of the mechanisms of short-term and intermediate-term facilitation in Aplysia have begun to answer these questions. Intermediate-term facilitation is the first stage to involve both presynaptic and postsynaptic mechanisms. Furthermore, increased spontaneous transmitter release from the presynaptic neuron during the short-term stage acts as an anterograde signal to recruit postsynaptic mechanisms of intermediate-term facilitation, which may be first steps in a cascade that can lead to synaptic growth during long-term facilitation.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Shin Murakami
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071605
ISBN 13: 9780128071601
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Age-related memory impairment (AMI), also called aging associated memory impairment, is a normal condition observed in a wide variety of species from Caenorhabditis elegans to human. AMI occurs unexpectedly early during the reproductive phase, which may be a tradeoff relevant to evolution. An important but frequently missed concept is that the early phase of AMI is associated with reduced memory of new information but also with well-retained memory of certain old information, leading to a shift of behavioral plasticity. Early AMI affects short-term memory and long-term memory, which are modulated by the serotonin pathways, the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 pathway, and the genes involved in memory formation. This chapter describes the current understanding of AMI and clarifies misunderstandings in this emerging field of C. elegans AMI. It discusses the “middle-life crisis” theory that can apply to cognitive aging, including endocrine and epigenetic changes.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Uli Müller
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071796
ISBN 13: 9780128071793
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Appetitive associative conditioning in the honeybee Apis mellifera provides the basis to address the molecular link between training parameters and memory focusing on the induction and maintenance of memory phases. Special techniques developed to monitor and manipulate signaling cascades at high temporal and spatial resolution uncovered the critical role of learning-induced dynamic changes of signaling cascades and their contribution to distinct aspects of memory formation. This analysis demonstrated an important role of cAMP- and Ca2+-dependent signaling processes acting in parallel. Both reside in the antennal lobes and are critical for the induction of long-term memory and the maintenance of midterm memory.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Elodie Urlacher,Jean-Marc Devaud,Alison R. Mercer
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 012807180X
ISBN 13: 9780128071809
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Aversive learning in young worker honeybees (Apis mellifera) can be suppressed by pheromone released by the queen bee. In addition, studies have shown that pheromone released by guard bees inhibits appetitive learning in bees recruited for colony defense. In this chapter, we examine the chemical signals that mediate these effects and the mechanisms that support pheromone modulation of learning behavior in the bee. We also consider the possible adaptive value of pheromone modulation of learning in the honeybee and its potential contribution to the survival of the colony as a whole.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Rüdiger Wehner,Wolfgang Rössler
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071877
ISBN 13: 9780128071878
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

The spatial behavior of ants consists of the flexible and context-specific interaction of various task-specific routines operating within the realms of path integration and view-based landmark guidance. This chapter focuses on the degree of experience-dependent flexibility in the interplay between and even within these routines, and it describes experimental paradigms developed to study this interplay in desert ants, such as the interplay between global path integration vectors and local site-based steering commands. Due to the ant’s short life span and small brain size, the observed behavioral plasticity is largely bounded in experience-dependent and development-related ways. Experience- and development-dependent plasticity is also demonstrated within the neural circuitries of the ant’s mushroom body neuropils, where it occurs especially in the context of the major (indoor/outdoor) transition within the ant’s lifetime. Age-specific structural reorganization of microglomerular synaptic complexes is associated with experience-dependent transformations of these complexes from the default to the functional state.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Piero Amodio,Graziano Fiorito
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071710
ISBN 13: 9780128071717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

Octopus is an invertebrate well-known for the extreme richness of its behavioral repertoire and plasticity. Recent field observations including mimicry, communicative skills, and tool use capabilities have further supported this view. This chapter briefly reviews the most recent knowledge on octopus learning capabilities, focusing on its capability to learn by observation of conspecifics. Social learning is classically conceived as a behavioral trait shown by gregarious and long-lived animals. However, it has recently been considered to occur in solitary vertebrate and invertebrate species. This chapter provides an update on the experimental evidence for observational learning in the octopus and discusses the constraints and peculiarities of social learning and the potential evolutionary meanings of this capability in this cephalopod mollusk.

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
Author: Dorothea Eisenhardt
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128071818
ISBN 13: 9780128071816
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book Review:

The behavioral phenomenon of extinction resembles the decrease of a conditioned behavior when animals experience the presentation of a previously reinforced stimulus. In honeybees, extinction is studied in an appetitive learning paradigm, the olfactory conditioning of the proboscis extension response. Here, I describe recent work on extinction in honeybees (Apis mellifera) and its underlying molecular mechanisms. I demonstrate that extinction in honeybees shares behavioral and molecular similarities with extinction in vertebrates, and I discuss whether these similarities might indicate that extinction is a phylogenetically old mechanism.

A Primer of Invertebrate Learning

A Primer of Invertebrate Learning
Author: Charles I. Abramson
Publsiher: Amer Psychological Assn
Total Pages: 273
Release: 1994-01
ISBN 10: 9781557982285
ISBN 13: 1557982287
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Primer of Invertebrate Learning Book Review:

This work provides a methodological introduction to the study of invertebrate learning. It aims to give readers an understanding of the principles of sound experimental design and of some fundamental issues in the analysis of behaviour. It includes questions and lists of resources and materials.

Learning and Memory

Learning and Memory
Author: Andrew Hudmon
Publsiher: Infobase Publishing
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN 10: 1438119577
ISBN 13: 9781438119571
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learning and Memory Book Review:

From making conversation to walking and driving, learning and memory are crucial aspects of our survival.

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Author: Joe L. Martinez, Jr.,Raymond P. Kesner
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 456
Release: 1998-06-29
ISBN 10: 9780080537405
ISBN 13: 0080537405
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Book Review:

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory provides an excellent overview of current information on this fast-growing field of neurobiology. The contents have been structured for use as a course text or as a handy resource for researchers in neuro- and cognitive psychology. It discusses learning and memory from developmental, pharmacological, and psychobiological perspectives, as well as changes in learning and memory with age. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory also includes research on invertebrates and vertebrates, presenting basics in anatomy and development along with computational models. It is written in an easy-to-follow format with summaries at the end of each chapter. Key Features * Provides an overview of information on the neurobiology of learning and memory * Discusses learning and memory from developmental, pharmacological, and psychobiological perspectives, and changes in learning and memory with age * Includes research on invertebrates and vertebrates * Gives basics on anatomy and development * Written for easy comprehension with chapter summaries

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1816
Release: 2010-04-16
ISBN 10: 0080914551
ISBN 13: 9780080914558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book Review:

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology
Author: John H. Byrne
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2019-01-29
ISBN 10: 0190456779
ISBN 13: 9780190456771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology Book Review:

Invertebrates have proven to be extremely useful model systems for gaining insights into the neural and molecular mechanisms of sensory processing, motor control and higher functions such as feeding behavior, learning and memory, navigation, and social behavior. A major factor in their enormous contributions to neuroscience is the relative simplicity of invertebrate nervous systems. In addition, some invertebrates, primarily the molluscs, have large cells, which allow analyses to take place at the level of individually identified neurons. Individual neurons can be surgically removed and assayed for expression of membrane channels, levels of second messengers, protein phosphorylation, and RNA and protein synthesis. Moreover, peptides and nucleotides can be injected into individual neurons. Other invertebrate model systems such as Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans offer tremendous advantages for obtaining insights into the neuronal bases of behavior through the application of genetic approaches. The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology reviews the many neurobiological principles that have emerged from invertebrate analyses, such as motor pattern generation, mechanisms of synaptic transmission, and learning and memory. It also covers general features of the neurobiology of invertebrate circadian rhythms, development, and regeneration and reproduction. Some neurobiological phenomena are species-specific and diverse, especially in the domain of the neuronal control of locomotion and camouflage. Thus, separate chapters are provided on the control of swimming in annelids, crustaea and molluscs, locomotion in hexapods, and camouflage in cephalopods. Unique features of the handbook include chapters that review social behavior and intentionality in invertebrates. A chapter is devoted to summarizing past contributions of invertebrates to the understanding of nervous systems and identifying areas for future studies that will continue to advance that understanding.

Neural Mechanisms of Learning and Memory

Neural Mechanisms of Learning and Memory
Author: Mark R. Rosenzweig
Publsiher: MIT Press (MA)
Total Pages: 637
Release: 1976
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015041344659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Mechanisms of Learning and Memory Book Review:

This volume presents papers given during a five-day conference dealing with current research approaches being used to find out how learning and memory occur in terms of neural processes -- Preface.

Learning Memory

Learning   Memory
Author: Gale Group,John H. Byrne
Publsiher: MacMillan Psychology Reference
Total Pages: 716
Release: 2003
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015056240834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learning Memory Book Review:

Contains alphabetically arranged articles that provide information on key topics in learning and memory, written by experts in the field, and includes biographical sketches of notable individuals, now deceased, who have contributed to the understanding of learning and memory.

Invertebrate Neurobiology

Invertebrate Neurobiology
Author: Geoffrey North,Ralph J. Greenspan
Publsiher: CSHL Press
Total Pages: 665
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 0879698195
ISBN 13: 9780879698195
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Neurobiology Book Review:

This monograph captures the current excitement in invertebrate neurobiology, from the manipulation of activity in specified neurons to the investigation of behavior. The monograph emphasizes the evolutionary aspects of neurobiology and work on non-model species. The chapters, from internationally respected contributors, incorporate trenchant findings but also identify important outstanding questions. The volume will inspire graduate students and post-docs, and provide a good starting point for any scientist who wants to learn about this resurgent field.

Concise Learning and Memory

Concise Learning and Memory
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2010-05-25
ISBN 10: 9780080877860
ISBN 13: 0080877869
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concise Learning and Memory Book Review:

The study of learning and memory is a central topic in neuroscience and psychology. Many of the basic research findings are directly applicable in the treatment of diseases and aging phenomena, and have found their way into educational theory and praxis. Concise Learning and Memory represents the best 30 chapters from Learning and Memory: A comprehensive reference (Academic Press March 2008), the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, selected by one of the most respective scientists in the field, John H. Byrne. This concise version provides a truly authoritative collection of overview articles representing fundamental reviews of our knowledge of this central cognitive function of animal brains. It will be an affordable and accessible reference for scientists and students in all areas of neuroscience and psychology. There is no other single-volume reference with such authority and comprehensive coverage and depth currently available. * Represents an authoritative selection of the fundamental chapters from the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, Learning and Memory - A comprehensive reference (Academic Press Mar 2008) * Representing outstanding scholarship, each chapter is written by a leader in the field and an expert in the topic area * All topics represent the most up to date research * Full color throughout, heavily illustrated * Priced to provide an affordable reference to individuals and workgroups