Introduction to Spatial Mapping of Biomolecules by Imaging Mass Spectrometry

Introduction to Spatial Mapping of Biomolecules by Imaging Mass Spectrometry
Author: Bindesh Shrestha
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2021-05-07
ISBN 10: 0128189991
ISBN 13: 9780128189993
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Spatial Mapping of Biomolecules by Imaging Mass Spectrometry Book Review:

Imaging mass spectrometry (MS) techniques are often utilized without an understanding of their underlying principles, making it difficult for scientists to determine when and how they can exploit MS to visualize their biomolecules of interest. Introduction to Spatial Mapping of Biomolecules by Imaging Mass Spectrometry is an essential reference to help scientists determine the status and strategies of biomolecule analysis, describing its many applications for diverse classes of biomolecules. The book builds a foundation of imaging MS knowledge by introducing ionization sources, sample preparation, visualization guidelines, molecule identification, quantification, data analysis, etc. The second section contains chapters focused on case studies on analyzing a biomolecule class of molecules. Case studies include an introduction/background, and a summary of successful imaging MS studies with illustrative figures and future directions. Provides the introductory foundations of imaging mass spectrometry for those new to the technique Organized by topic to facilitate a quick deep dive, allowing researchers to immediately apply the imaging MS techniques to their work Includes case studies summarizing the imaging MS techniques developed for the class of molecules

Detection of Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Agents for the Prevention of Terrorism

Detection of Chemical  Biological  Radiological and Nuclear Agents for the Prevention of Terrorism
Author: Joseph Banoub
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2014-11-03
ISBN 10: 9401792380
ISBN 13: 9789401792387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Detection of Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Agents for the Prevention of Terrorism Book Review:

This NATO-ASI installment is designed to provide an advanced overview for doctoral and post-doctoral candidates of the state-of-the-art technologies for bio-detection. The main objective of the work aims at providing readers with the latest developments necessary to successfully understand the CBRN Agents and their associated biotechnologies. The core methods focused on are mass spectrometry (including chromatographic and electrophoretic separation) and comparisons to spectroscopic, immunological and molecular analysis of chemical, biological and nuclear agents.

Biocomputing 2007

Biocomputing 2007
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 507
Release: 2006-12-11
ISBN 10: 9812704175
ISBN 13: 9789812704177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biocomputing 2007 Book Review:

The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2007 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2007 will be held January 3-7, 2007 at the Grand Wailea, Maui. Tutorials will be offered prior to the start of the conference.PSB 2007 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology.The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's “hot topics.” In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field.

Statistical Analysis of Proteomics Metabolomics and Lipidomics Data Using Mass Spectrometry

Statistical Analysis of Proteomics  Metabolomics  and Lipidomics Data Using Mass Spectrometry
Author: Susmita Datta,Bart J. A. Mertens
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2016-12-15
ISBN 10: 3319458094
ISBN 13: 9783319458090
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical Analysis of Proteomics Metabolomics and Lipidomics Data Using Mass Spectrometry Book Review:

This book presents an overview of computational and statistical design and analysis of mass spectrometry-based proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics data. This contributed volume provides an introduction to the special aspects of statistical design and analysis with mass spectrometry data for the new omic sciences. The text discusses common aspects of design and analysis between and across all (or most) forms of mass spectrometry, while also providing special examples of application with the most common forms of mass spectrometry. Also covered are applications of computational mass spectrometry not only in clinical study but also in the interpretation of omics data in plant biology studies. Omics research fields are expected to revolutionize biomolecular research by the ability to simultaneously profile many compounds within either patient blood, urine, tissue, or other biological samples. Mass spectrometry is one of the key analytical techniques used in these new omic sciences. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, time-of-flight data, and Fourier transform mass spectrometry are but a selection of the measurement platforms available to the modern analyst. Thus in practical proteomics or metabolomics, researchers will not only be confronted with new high dimensional data types—as opposed to the familiar data structures in more classical genomics—but also with great variation between distinct types of mass spectral measurements derived from different platforms, which may complicate analyses, comparison, and interpretation of results.

Imaging Mass Spectrometry

Imaging Mass Spectrometry
Author: Mitsutoshi Setou
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2010-01-29
ISBN 10: 9784431094258
ISBN 13: 4431094253
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Imaging Mass Spectrometry Book Review:

Addressing the widespread need for a practical guide to imaging mass spectrometry (IMS), this book presents the protocols of IMS technology. As that technology expands, research groups around the world continue its development. Pharmaceutical companies are using IMS for drug analyses to study pharmacokinetics and medical properties of drugs. Drug research and disease-related biomarker screening are experiencing greater use of this technology, with a concurrent increase in the number of researchers in academia and industry interested in wider applications of IMS. Intended for beginners or those with limited experience with IMS technology, this book provides practical details and instructions needed for immediate know-how, including the preparation of animal tissue samples, the application of a matrix, instrumental operations, and data analysis, among others. By describing the foundations of IMS, this volume contributes to the ongoing development of the field and to progress in human health.

Cancer Metabolomics

Cancer Metabolomics
Author: Shen Hu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2021-05-03
ISBN 10: 3030516520
ISBN 13: 9783030516529
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer Metabolomics Book Review:

Cancer metabolomics is a rapidly evolving field that aims for a comprehensive dissection of the metabolic phenotypes and functional network of metabolites in human cancers. State of the art metabolomics tools have been developed and applied to studying cancer metabolism and developing metabolic targets for improved diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic treatment of human cancers. Chapters are written by subject experts in the field of cancer metabolomics with cross-disciplinary contributions. Coverage includes advanced metabolomics technologies and methodologies, including chemical isotope labelling liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry, capillary ion chromatography - mass spectrometry, 2-D gas chromatography – mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis – mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, shotgun lipidomics, tracer-based metabolomics, microbial metabolomics, mass spectrometry imaging for single cell metabolomics and functional metabolomics. In addition, the book highlights new discoveries in cancer metabolism such as hypoxia inducible factor pathway, isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutation and oncometabolites. Finally, contributors focus on the translational applications of metabolomics in human cancers such as glioma, head and neck cancer, and gastric cancer. This new volume will be a unique reference source for cancer researchers and promote applications of metabolomics in understanding cancer metabolism.

Imaging Mass Spectrometry

Imaging Mass Spectrometry
Author: Ron M. A. Heeren,Mitsutoshi Setou
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2014-07-31
ISBN 10: 9781849736299
ISBN 13: 1849736294
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Imaging Mass Spectrometry Book Review:

This title describes the current state-of-the-art in analytical mass spectrometry, providing the reader with a solid understanding of the unique complex surface analysis capabilities of the molecular imaging method.

Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing

Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015069292194
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing Book Review:

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Author: Peter W. Hawkes
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2012-05
ISBN 10: 0123942977
ISBN 13: 9780123942975
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Book Review:

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics merges two long-running serials--Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics and Advances in Optical and Electron Microscopy. This series features extended articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science and digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods used in all these domains. * Contributions from leading international scholars and industry experts * Discusses hot topic areas and presents current and future research trends * Invaluable reference and guide for physicists, engineers and mathematicians

Clinical Metabolomics

Clinical Metabolomics
Author: Martin Giera
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 389
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9781493975921
ISBN 13: 1493975927
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Metabolomics Book Review:

This detailed volume presents a comprehensive compendium of clinical metabolomics protocols covering LC-MS, GC-MS, CE-MS, and NMR-based clinical metabolomics as well as bioinformatics and study design considerations. The methodologies explored here form the core of several very promising initiatives evolving around personalized health care and precision medicine, which can be seen as complimentary to the field of clinical chemistry and aid the aforementioned field with novel disease markers and diagnostic patterns. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include brief introductions to their topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.uthoritative and practical, Clinical Metabolomics: Methods and Protocols aims to serve as the basis for successful communication between scientists from several fields, including chemists, biologist, bioinformaticians, and clinicians, ultimately leading to effective study design and completion.

Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids

Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids
Author: Joseph H. Banoub,Patrick A. Limbach
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2009-12-21
ISBN 10: 9781420044034
ISBN 13: 1420044036
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids Book Review:

Assembling the work of an international panel of researchers, Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids summarizes and reviews the latest developments in the field and provides a window on the next generation of analysis. Beginning with an overview of recent developments, the book highlights the most popular ionization methods and illustrates the diversity of strategies employed in the characterization and sequencing of DNA and RNA oligomers, nucleosides, nucleotides, and adducts. It describes studies performed on deoxyinosine and its analogues and provides an introduction to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Next, the contributors examine mass spectrometric application in the study of cyclic nucleotides in biochemical signal transduction. They analyze urinary modified nucleosides and explore DNA adducts. They discuss isotope labeling of DNA-mass spectrometry (ILD-MS) and examine various uses of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The book reviews recent progress in the direct MS characterization of noncovalent nucleic acid-protein complexes, explores the interaction and ionization of guanidine-derived compounds with highly acidic biomolecules, and examines quantitative identification of nucleic acids via signature digestion products detected using mass spectrometry. The book describes a direct-infusion ESI-MS approach that can serve as a screening technique for the presence of modified nucleosides from small RNAs. Lastly, it discusses the LC-MS/MS method for the in vitro replication studies on damage-containing DNA substrates, and concludes with an examination of the influence of metal ions on the structure and reactivity of nucleic acids. The exciting developments in mass spectrometry technology have fueled incredible advances in our understanding of nucleic acids and their complexes. The contributions presented in this volume capture the range of these advances, helping to inspire new findings and avenues of research.

Applications of Modern Mass Spectrometry Volume 1

Applications of Modern Mass Spectrometry  Volume 1
Author: Atta-ur-Rahman, M. Iqbal Choudhary,Syed Ghulam Musharraf
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 227
Release: 2020-07-02
ISBN 10: 9811433801
ISBN 13: 9789811433801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Modern Mass Spectrometry Volume 1 Book Review:

Applications of Modern Mass Spectrometry covers the latest advances in the use of mass spectrometry in scientific research. The series attempts to present readers information on the broad range of mass spectrometry techniques and configurations, data analysis and practical applications. Each volume contains contributions from eminent researchers who present their findings in an easy to read format. The multidisciplinary nature of the works presented in each volume of this book series make it a valuable reference on mass spectrometry to academic researchers and industrial R&D specialists in applied sciences, biochemistry, life sciences and allied fields. The first volume of the series presents 5 reviews: - Applications of mass spectrometry for the determination of the microbial crude protein synthesis in ruminants - Qualitative and quantitative LC-MS analysis in food proteins and peptides - Chemometrics as a powerful and complementary tool for mass spectrometry applications in life sciences - Recent developments of allied techniques of qualitative analysis of heavy metal ions in aqueous solutions with special reference to modern mass spectrometry - New techniques and methods in explosive analysis.

Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis

Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis
Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2020-04-29
ISBN 10: 0429765304
ISBN 13: 9780429765308
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis Book Review:

Food contains various compounds and many technologies exist to analyze those molecules of interest. However, the analysis of the spatial distribution of those compounds using conventional technology, such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is difficult. Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a mass spectrometry technique to visualize the spatial distribution of molecules, as biomarkers, metabolites, peptides or proteins by their molecular masses. Despite the fact that MSI has been generally considered a qualitative method, the signal generated by this technique is proportional to the relative abundance of the analyte and so quantification is possible. Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis, a volume in the Food Analysis and Properties Series, explains how the novel use of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) will be an ideal complementary approach. MALDI-MSI is a two-dimensional MALDI-MS technology that can detect compounds in a tissue section without extraction, purification, separation, or labeling. It can be used to visualize the spatial distribution of biomolecules in foods. Features: Explains the novel use of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging in food analysis Describes how MALDI-MSI will be a useful technique for optical quality assurance. Shows how MALDI-MSI detects food contaminants and residues Covers the historical development of the technology While there are a multitude of books on mass spectrometry, none focus on food applications and thus this book is ideally suited to food scientists, food industry personnel engaged in product development, research institutions, and universities active in food analysis or chemical analysis. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging, edited by Matteo Bordiga and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 9781138338241) Ambient Mass Spectroscopy Techniques in Food and the Environment, edited by Leo M.L. Nollet and Basil K. Munjanja (ISBN: 9781138505568) Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality, edited by N.C. Basantia, Leo M.L. Nollet, and Mohammed Kamruzzaman (ISBN: 9781138630796) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO

Bioanalytics

Bioanalytics
Author: Friedrich Lottspeich,Joachim Engels
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1134
Release: 2018-03-26
ISBN 10: 3527339191
ISBN 13: 9783527339198
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioanalytics Book Review:

Analytical methods are the essential enabling tools of the modern biosciences. This book presents a comprehensive introduction into these analytical methods, including their physical and chemical backgrounds, as well as a discussion of the strengths and weakness of each method. It covers all major techniques for the determination and experimental analysis of biological macromolecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids. The presentation includes frequent cross-references in order to highlight the many connections between different techniques. The book provides a birdï¿1⁄2s eye view of the entire subject and enables the reader to select the most appropriate method for any given bioanalytical challenge. This makes the book a handy resource for students and researchers in setting up and evaluating experimental research. The depth of the analysis and the comprehensive nature of the coverage mean that there is also a great deal of new material, even for experienced experimentalists. The following techniques are covered in detail: - Purification and determination of proteins - Measuring enzymatic activity - Microcalorimetry - Immunoassays, affinity chromatography and other immunological methods - Cross-linking, cleavage, and chemical modification of proteins - Light microscopy, electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy - Chromatographic and electrophoretic techniques - Protein sequence and composition analysis - Mass spectrometry methods - Measuring protein-protein interactions - Biosensors - NMR and EPR of biomolecules - Electron microscopy and X-ray structure analysis - Carbohydrate and lipid analysis - Analysis of posttranslational modifications - Isolation and determination of nucleic acids - DNA hybridization techniques - Polymerase chain reaction techniques - DNA sequence and epigenetic modification analysis - Analysis of protein-nucleic acid interactions - Analysis of sequence data - Proteomics, metabolomics, peptidomics and toponomics - Chemical biology

Applications of Mass Spectrometry Imaging to Cancer

Applications of Mass Spectrometry Imaging to Cancer
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-01-19
ISBN 10: 0128054409
ISBN 13: 9780128054406
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Mass Spectrometry Imaging to Cancer Book Review:

Applications of Mass Spectrometry Imaging to Cancer, the latest volume in the Advances in Cancer Research provides invaluable information on the exciting and fast-moving field of cancer research. This volume presents original reviews on applications of mass spectrometry imaging to cancer. Provides information on cancer research Offers outstanding and original reviews on a range of cancer research topics Serves as an indispensable reference for researchers and students alike

Using Mass Spectrometry for Drug Metabolism Studies Second Edition

Using Mass Spectrometry for Drug Metabolism Studies  Second Edition
Author: Walter A. Korfmacher
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 451
Release: 2009-11-03
ISBN 10: 9781420092219
ISBN 13: 1420092219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Using Mass Spectrometry for Drug Metabolism Studies Second Edition Book Review:

The first edition of this now classic work helped to establish mass spectrometry as the premier tool for drug metabolism studies. Completely rewritten from start to finish, Using Mass Spectrometry for Drug Metabolism Studies, Second Edition brings medicinal chemists and mass spectrometry professionals up to speed with the rapid advances in the field, the emergence of cutting-edge approaches, and ways to meet steadily increasing vendor demands. Written by international scientists who are experts in their respective disciplines, this state-of-the-art reference effectively encapsulates current mass spectrometry best practices. The stand-alone chapters cover various topics – from metabolite identification to fast chromatography with UPLC – and in a style that is understandable to experts and field newcomers alike. The second edition of this bestseller includes coverage of new instrumentation and software as well as a wealth of updated information on the latest findings surrounding biomarkers and metabolomics and new chapters on both UPLC and DESI/DART. With more than 180 illustrations and an eight-page color insert, this valuable reference explores multiple modern mass spectrometry techniques and strategies. It includes an excellent overview of the entire drug discovery process plus the latest developments on how mass spectrometry is used to support this endeavor.

Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometry
Author: Marek Domin,Robert Cody
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 508
Release: 2014-11-25
ISBN 10: 1849739269
ISBN 13: 9781849739269
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometry Book Review:

Ambient ionization has emerged as one of the hottest and fastest growing topics in mass spectrometry enabling sample analysis with minimal sample preparation. Introducing the subject and explaining the basic concepts and terminology, this book will provide a comprehensive, unique treatise devoted to the subject. Written by acknowledged experts, there are full descriptions on how new ionization techniques work, with an overview of their strengths, weaknesses and applications. This title will bring the reader right up to date, with both applications and theory, and will be suitable as a tutorial text for those starting in the field from a variety of disciplines.

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery
Author: Haleem J. Issaq,Timothy D. Veenstra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2019-10-24
ISBN 10: 0128197889
ISBN 13: 9780128197882
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery Book Review:

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery, Second Edition covers techniques from both proteomics and metabolomics and includes all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution. The book describes methods and presents a standard operating procedure for sample selection, preparation and storage, as well as data analysis and modeling. This new standard effectively eliminates the differing methodologies used in studies and creates a unified approach. Readers will learn the advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques discussed, as well as potential difficulties inherent to all steps in the biomarker discovery process. This second edition has been fully updated and revised to address recent advances in MS and NMR instrumentation, high-field NMR, proteomics and metabolomics for biomarker validation, clinical assays of biomarkers and clinical MS and NMR, identifying microRNAs and autoantibodies as biomarkers, MRM-MS assay development, top-down MS, glycosylation-based serum biomarkers, cell surface proteins in biomarker discovery, lipodomics for cancer biomarker discovery, and strategies to design studies to identify predictive biomarkers in cancer research. Addresses the full range of proteomic and metabolomic methods and technologies used for biomarker discovery and validation Covers all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution Serves as a vital resource for biochemists, biologists, analytical chemists, bioanalytical chemists, clinical and medical technicians, researchers in pharmaceuticals and graduate students

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry SIMS VII

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry  SIMS VII
Author: A. Benninghoven,C. A. Evans,K. D. McKeegan,H. A. Storms,H. W. Werner
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 992
Release: 1990-06-28
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015019844250
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry SIMS VII Book Review:

Based on the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, held in Monterey, California, September 3-8, 1989. Covers fundamental, complementary and enhancement techniques, comparative SIMS, geology, biology, polymers, metallurgy, profiling and semiconductors. Describes a valuable methodology (SIMS) for characterizing solid surfaces and presents numerous analytical applications.

Molecular Technologies for Detection of Chemical and Biological Agents

Molecular Technologies for Detection of Chemical and Biological Agents
Author: Joseph H. Banoub,Richard M. Caprioli
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN 10: 9402411135
ISBN 13: 9789402411133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Technologies for Detection of Chemical and Biological Agents Book Review:

This book describes the latest molecular insights needed to understand the chemical and biological (CB) agents and their associated biotechnologies. Its primary focus is to present and discuss molecular technologies such as mass spectrometry, chemical and biological sensors, chromatographic and electrophoretic separation, and comparisons of spectroscopic, immunological and molecular analyses of chemicals used for the detection of chemical and biological agents and to prevent terrorism. This NATO-ASI book also contributes to the critical assessment of existing knowledge on new and important detection technologies. It helps to identify directions for future research and to promote closer working relationships between scientists from different professional fields.