Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo Detector Devices

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo Detector Devices
Author: Stephen Fonash
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 65
Release: 2014-09
ISBN 10: 9780124166493
ISBN 13: 0124166490
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo Detector Devices Book Review:

New Approaches to Light Trapping in Solar Cell Devices discusses in detail the use of photonic and plasmonic effects for light trapping in solar cells. It compares and contrasts texturing, the current method of light-trapping design in solar cells, with emerging approaches employing photonic and plasmonic phenomena. These new light trapping methods reduce the amount of absorber required in a solar cell, promising significant cost reduction and efficiency. This book highlights potential advantages of photonics and plasmonics and describes design optimization using computer modeling of these approaches. Its discussion of ultimate efficiency possibilities in solar cells is grounded in a review of the Shockley-Queisser analysis; this includes an in-depth examination of recent analyses building on that seminal work.

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cells and Photo detector Devices

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cells and Photo detector Devices
Author: Stephen J. Fonash
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1087394983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cells and Photo detector Devices Book Review:

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo detector Devices

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo detector Devices
Author: Stephen Fonash
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2014-09-15
ISBN 10: 0124166377
ISBN 13: 9780124166370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo detector Devices Book Review:

New Approaches to Light Trapping in Solar Cell Devices discusses in detail the use of photonic and plasmonic effects for light trapping in solar cells. It compares and contrasts texturing, the current method of light-trapping design in solar cells, with emerging approaches employing photonic and plasmonic phenomena. These new light trapping methods reduce the amount of absorber required in a solar cell, promising significant cost reduction and efficiency. This book highlights potential advantages of photonics and plasmonics and describes design optimization using computer modeling of these approaches. Its discussion of ultimate efficiency possibilities in solar cells is grounded in a review of the Shockley-Queisser analysis; this includes an in-depth examination of recent analyses building on that seminal work.

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design
Author: Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Mashallah Rezakazemi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2021-08-24
ISBN 10: 1119724708
ISBN 13: 9781119724704
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design Book Review:

Solar cells are semiconductor devices that convert light photons into electricity in photovoltaic energy conversion and can help to overcome the global energy crisis. Solar cells have many applications including remote area power systems, earth-orbiting satellites, wristwatches, water pumping, photodetectors and remote radiotelephones. Solar cell technology is economically feasible for commercial-scale power generation. While commercial solar cells exhibit good performance and stability, still researchers are looking at many ways to improve the performance and cost of solar cells via modulating the fundamental properties of semiconductors. Solar cell technology is the key to a clean energy future. Solar cells directly harvest energy from the sun’s light radiation into electricity are in an ever-growing demand for future global energy production. Solar cell-based energy harvesting has attracted worldwide attention for their notable features, such as cheap renewable technology, scalable, lightweight, flexibility, versatility, no greenhouse gas emission, environment, and economy friendly and operational costs are quite low compared to other forms of power generation. Thus, solar cell technology is at the forefront of renewable energy technologies which are used in telecommunications, power plants, small devices to satellites. Aiming at large-scale implementation can be manipulated by various types used in solar cell design and exploration of new materials towards improving performance and reducing cost. Therefore, in-depth knowledge about solar cell design is fundamental for those who wish to apply this knowledge and understanding in industries and academics. This book provides a comprehensive overview on solar cells and explores the history to evolution and present scenarios of solar cell design, classification, properties, various semiconductor materials, thin films, wafer-scale, transparent solar cells, and so on. It also includes solar cells’ characterization analytical tools, theoretical modeling, practices to enhance conversion efficiencies, applications and patents.

Coatings to Improve Optoelectronic Devices

Coatings to Improve Optoelectronic Devices
Author: Selected Articles Published by MDPI
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2020-04-09
ISBN 10: 3039283340
ISBN 13: 9783039283347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coatings to Improve Optoelectronic Devices Book Review:

This selection is focused on coatings and films with applications in optoelectronics, such as photovoltaics, photocatalysis, and light-based sensors and phenomena. The studies investigate the optimal composition, crystalline structure, and morphology to deliver the different functionalities sought. Obtaining transparent p-type electrodes is challenging but extremely relevant in optoelectronics. Electric conduction mechanisms and the correlations with structure and doping are discussed. The important issue of the degradation pathways in perovskite-based solar cells and the possibilities offered by different types of coatings to encapsulate the devices as well as the beneficial effect of silica coating as an antireflection and antisoiling layer on well-established solar cells are discussed. New designs of nanoplasmonic films for chemical and biological molecule sensing are reviewed, such as the combination of metallic nanoparticles and nanostructured semiconductors and dispersing metallic or bi-metallic nanoparticles in CuO films. The impacts of structure, defects, and morphology on the photoactivated properties of WO3 films and on the shape memory behavior in Cu–Al–Ni thin films are discussed. Aggregated TiO2 nanoparticles on TiO2 layers are shown to enhance optical transmittance and confer a superhydrophilic characteristic. Finally, aspects of the fundamental characterization of thin films, Drude damping in thin films, and laser-induced deflection technique are discussed.

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Materials and Devices 16

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Materials and Devices 16
Author: S. Jang,K. Shenai,G. W. Hunter,F. Ren,C. O’Dwyer,K. Mishra
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1607685914
ISBN 13: 9781607685913
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Materials and Devices 16 Book Review:

Glass Micro and Nanospheres

Glass Micro  and Nanospheres
Author: Giancarlo C. Righini
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2019-08-15
ISBN 10: 1351358413
ISBN 13: 9781351358415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Glass Micro and Nanospheres Book Review:

This book summarizes the recent research and development in the field of glass micro- and nanospheres. With special focus on the physics of spherical whispering-gallery mode resonators, it presents selected examples of application of glass microspheres in biosensing, laser devices, and microwave engineering. Hollow microspheres also offer a perspective for hydrogen transport and storage. On the other hand, glass nanospheres are fundamental for a class of photonic crystals (e.g., direct and inverse opals), as well as for industrial composite materials. Both micro- and nanospheres find important applications in biomedicine. The book highlights examples of preparation techniques and applications, addresses recent challenges, and examines potential solutions. It addresses physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers, working with glass materials on microcavities, on nanotechnologies, and on their applications.

Surfaces and Interfaces for Renewable Energy

Surfaces and Interfaces for Renewable Energy
Author: Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro,Aránzazu Fernández-García
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2020-02-05
ISBN 10: 3039281283
ISBN 13: 9783039281282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfaces and Interfaces for Renewable Energy Book Review:

Environmental problems derived from the massive use of conventional energy resources are one of the main issues that our society has been facing in recent decades. Renewable energies (and particularly solar energy) have become a highly competitive means to meet the world’s increasing energy demands in a sustainable and clean manner. One of the key research challenges for the commercial deployment of several solar energy technologies is focused on the development of feasible and durable coatings that withstand appropriate optical and thermal performance over the lifetime of the solar facilities. This book addresses a number of relevant aspects related to coatings for renewable energies, including a deep survey of coatings used in photovoltaic solar energy, the development of a superhydrophobic and thermal stable silica coating that is potentially suitable for various industrial applications related to renewable technologies, the development of coatings to improve the resistance of structural materials used in concentrating solar thermal technologies with molten salts, and several research works related to solar reflectors for concentrating solar thermal technologies (such us the advanced analysis of the corrosion, the suitability of anti-soiling coatings, and the development of top protective coatings for high-temperature secondary concentrators).

Engineering Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale

Engineering  Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale
Author: Stephen J. Fonash,Marcel Van de Voorde
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2018-12-03
ISBN 10: 3527338721
ISBN 13: 9783527338726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale Book Review:

Students at universities the world over will benefit from the authors' concise treatment, arising out of lectures given for a graduate and advanced undergraduate course at Penn State University (USA) and University of Technology Delft (NL). The textbook begins by addressing, in general terms, the phenomena and peculiarities that occur at the nanoscale. In the following five chapters, readers are introduced in detail to nanoscale physics, chemistry, materials science, and biology, followed by chapters on synthesis and fabrication as well as characterization at the nanoscale. In the next four chapters a variety of exemplary applications taken from a wide range of sectors are also presented and discussed. Concerns for safety, environmental impact, workforce development, economic wellbeing, and societal change issues arising from nanotechnology are woven throughout the book and additionally form the focus of the last two chapters.

Recent Trends in Computational Photonics

Recent Trends in Computational Photonics
Author: Arti Agrawal,Trevor Benson,Richard M. De La Rue,Gregory A. Wurtz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 395
Release: 2017-11-01
ISBN 10: 3319554387
ISBN 13: 9783319554389
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Trends in Computational Photonics Book Review:

This book brings together the recent cutting-edge work on computational methods in photonics and their applications. The latest advances in techniques such as the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain method, Finite Element Time Domain method, Finite Difference Time Domain method as well as their applications are presented. Key aspects such as modelling of non-linear effects (Second Harmonic Generation, lasing in fibers, including gain nonlinearity in metamaterials), the acousto-optic effect, and the hydrodynamic model to explain electron response in nanoplasmonic structures are included. The application areas covered include plasmonics, metamaterials, photonic crystals, dielectric waveguides, fiber lasers. The chapters give a representative survey of the corresponding area.

Plasmonic Nanostructures for Enhanced ZnO Si Heterojunction Optoelectronic Devices

Plasmonic Nanostructures for Enhanced ZnO Si Heterojunction Optoelectronic Devices
Author: Chong Tong
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2014
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:962731720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plasmonic Nanostructures for Enhanced ZnO Si Heterojunction Optoelectronic Devices Book Review:

The objective of this work focuses on ZnO and Al doped ZnO (AZO) thin film deposition and characterization, and developing reliable ZnO/Si heterojunction thin film optoelectronic devices. Producing and integration of plasmonic nanostructures were also studied for improving device performance with plasmonic light trapping effects. Enhanced ZnO/Si heterojunction metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetectors with plasmonic Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were realized. Self-assembled Ag NPs with different sizes, densities and distributions were produced on the surface of ZnO/Si MSM photodetector devices. By tuning the characteristic of these NPs, a higher-performance MSM detector has been achieved with photocurrent enhancement up to 680%. The spectral enhancement was broadband from 350 nm to 850 nm. To investigate the nanoplasmonic effects for enhanced solar cell devices, a relatively simple device structure, Si Schottky solar cell with the metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) structure, was studied first. By introducing Ag NPs and SiO2 spacer layers on top of Si Schottky solar cells, we demonstrated a positive and tunable light trapping effect introduced by metallic NPs. Enhanced light trapping effects at distinct resonance wavelengths were observed in the optical spectra of the plasmonic-enhanced devices. Electrical measurements confirmed the expected photocurrent improvement at these corresponding wavelengths. It was also revealed that the Ag NPs enhance the carrier generation rate inside of the Si active layer without sacrificing carrier collection efficiency of the device. The short-circuit current density (Jsc) of the best cell we obtained was improved from13.7 mA/cm2 to 19.7 mA/cm2, with an enhancement factor of 43.7%. Periodic nanostructures formed with nanoimprint technique and annealing process were studies to utilize in the Al-ZnO/Si heterojunction solar cell devices. The size, inter-particle distance and shape of these nanostructures can be easily tuned by changing the Ag film thickness and deposition angle. These periodic nano-ellipsoid arrays provide an absorption enhancement by a factor of 83.8% over a wavelength range of 500-1000 nm. Theoretical simulations revealed that the electromagnetic field can be coupled between each two nanoparticles, which would contribute to the optical absorption enhancement. Thin film Al-ZnO/n-Si solar cells were fabricated. By introducing these well-designed Ag periodic nanostructures, device performance was enhanced in both visible and infrared (IR) wavelength regions. To achieve more reliable Al-ZnO/n-Si solar cell devices, we developed a novel and simple approach to realize high performance AZO films. Thin Al films were deposited on ZnO surfaces, followed by thermal diffusion processes, introducing the Al doping into ZnO thin films. During the thermal diffusion process, the chemical state of Al on the surfaces can be converted to a fully oxidized state, resulting in high electrical conductivity of 6.2 [omega]/sq and excellent transparency (96. 5% at 550 nm), which is superior compared with previously reported values for indium tin oxide (ITO) and most reported transparent conducting electrode (TCE) materials. These AZO films were used to fabricate AZO/n-Si solar cells and boost the device power conversion efficiency from

Technologies for Optical Fiber Communications

Technologies for Optical Fiber Communications
Author: Gail J. Brown
Publsiher: Society of Photo Optical
Total Pages: 422
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015032422555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies for Optical Fiber Communications Book Review:

Organic Photovoltaics

Organic Photovoltaics
Author: Sam-Shajing Sun,Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN 10: 1351837060
ISBN 13: 9781351837064
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Photovoltaics Book Review:

Recently developed organic photovoltaics (OPVs) show distinct advantages over their inorganic counterparts due to their lighter weight, flexible shape, versatile materials synthesis and device fabrication schemes, and low cost in large-scale industrial production. Although many books currently exist on general concepts of PV and inorganic PV materials and devices, few are available that offer a comprehensive overview of recently fast developing organic and polymeric PV materials and devices. Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices fills this gap. The book provides an international perspective on the latest research in this rapidly expanding field with contributions from top experts around the world. It presents a unified approach comprising three sections: General Overviews; Mechanisms and Modeling; and Materials and Devices. Discussions include sunlight capture, exciton diffusion and dissociation, interface properties, charge recombination and migration, and a variety of currently developing OPV materials/devices. The book also includes two forewords: one by Nobel Laureate Dr. Alan J. Heeger, and the other by Drs. Aloysius Hepp and Sheila Bailey of NASA Glenn Research Center. Organic Photovoltaics equips students, researchers, and engineers with knowledge of the mechanisms, materials, devices, and applications of OPVs necessary to develop cheaper, lighter, and cleaner renewable energy throughout the coming decades.

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Physics of Semiconductor Devices
Author: V. K. Jain,Abhishek Verma
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 932
Release: 2013-11-27
ISBN 10: 3319030027
ISBN 13: 9783319030029
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Semiconductor Devices Book Review:

The purpose of this workshop is to spread the vast amount of information available on semiconductor physics to every possible field throughout the scientific community. As a result, the latest findings, research and discoveries can be quickly disseminated. This workshop provides all participating research groups with an excellent platform for interaction and collaboration with other members of their respective scientific community. This workshop’s technical sessions include various current and significant topics for applications and scientific developments, including • Optoelectronics • VLSI & ULSI Technology • Photovoltaics • MEMS & Sensors • Device Modeling and Simulation • High Frequency/ Power Devices • Nanotechnology and Emerging Areas • Organic Electronics • Displays and Lighting Many eminent scientists from various national and international organizations are actively participating with their latest research works and also equally supporting this mega event by joining the various organizing committees.

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1997
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CHI:51504451
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of the Optical Society of America Book Review:

Solar Cells

Solar Cells
Author: Leonid A. Kosyachenko
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2015-10-22
ISBN 10: 9535121847
ISBN 13: 9789535121848
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Cells Book Review:

This book contains chapters in which the problems of modern photovoltaics are considered. The majority of the chapters provide an overview of the results of research and development of different types of solar cells. Such chapters are completed by a justification for a new solar cell structure and technology. Of course, highly effective solar energy conversion is impossible without an in-depth examination of the solar cell components as physical materials. The relations between structural, thermodynamic, and optical properties of the physical material without addressing the band theory of solids are of both theoretical and practical interest. Requirements formulated for the material are also to be used for maximally efficient conversion of solar radiation into useful work.

Diffractive Optics for Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells

Diffractive Optics for Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells
Author: Christian Stefano Schuster
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2016-09-26
ISBN 10: 3319442783
ISBN 13: 9783319442785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diffractive Optics for Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells Book Review:

This thesis introduces a figure of merit for light trapping with photonic nanostructures and shows how different light trapping methods compare, irrespective of material, absorber thickness or type of nanostructure. It provides an overview of the essential aspects of light trapping, offering a solid basis for future designs. Light trapping with photonic nanostructures is a powerful method of increasing the absorption in thin film solar cells. Many light trapping methods have been studied, but to date there has been no comprehensive figure of merit to compare these different methods quantitatively. This comparison allows us to establish important design rules for highly performing structures; one such rule is the structuring of the absorber layer from both sides, for which the authors introduce a novel and simple layer-transfer technique. A closely related issue is the question of plasmonic vs. dielectric nanostructures; the authors present an experimental demonstration, aided by a detailed theoretical assessment, highlighting the importance of considering the multipass nature of light trapping in a thin film, which is an essential effect that has been neglected in previous work and which allows us to quantify the parasitic losses.

Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells

Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells
Author: Arvind Victor Shah
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2010-08-19
ISBN 10: 1439808104
ISBN 13: 9781439808108
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells Book Review:

Photovoltaic technology has now developed to the extent that it is close to fulfilling the vision of a "solar-energy world," as devices based on this technology are becoming efficient, low-cost and durable. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of thin-film silicon, a prevalent PV material, in terms of its semiconductor nature, starting out with the physical properties, but concentrating on device applications. A special emphasis is given to amorphous silicon and microcrystalline silicon as photovoltaic materials, along with a model that allows these systems to be physically described in the simplest manner possible, thus allowing the student or scientist/engineer entering the field of thin-film electronics to master a few basic concepts that are distinct from those in the field of conventional semiconductors. The main part of the book deals with solar cells and modules by illustrating the basic functioning of these devices, along with their limitations, design optimization, testing and fabrication methods. Among the manufacturing processes discussed are plasma-assisted and hot-wire deposition, sputtering, and structuring techniques.

Inorganic Flexible Optoelectronics

Inorganic Flexible Optoelectronics
Author: Zhenqiang Ma,Dong Liu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-04-29
ISBN 10: 3527812962
ISBN 13: 9783527812967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inorganic Flexible Optoelectronics Book Review:

Comprehensively covering inorganic flexible optoelectronics and their applications This highly application-oriented book provides an overview of the vibrant research field of inorganic flexible optoelectronics ? from materials to applications ? covering bulk materials as well as nanowires, thin films, nanomembranes for application in light emitting diodes, photodetectors, phototransistors, and solar cells. Edited and written by world-leading experts in the field, Inorganic Flexible Optoelectronics: Materials and Applications begins by covering flexible inorganic light emitting diodes enabled by new materials and designs, and provides examples of their use in neuroscience research. It then looks at flexible light-emitting diodes based on inorganic semiconductor nanostructures ? from thin films to nanowires. Next, the book examines flexible photodetectors with nanomembranes and nanowires; 2-D material based photodetectors on flexible substrates; and IV group materials based solar cells and their flexible photovoltaic technologies. Following that, it presents readers with a section on thin-film III-V single junction and multijunction solar cells and demonstrates their integration onto heterogeneous substrates. Finally, the book finishes with in-depth coverage of novel materials based flexible solar cells. -A must-have book that provides an unprecedented overview of the state of the art in flexible optoelectronics -Supplies in-depth information for new and already active researchers in the field of optoelectronics -Lays down the undiluted knowledge on inorganic flexible optoelectronics ? from materials to devices -Focuses on materials and devices for high-performance applications such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and photodetectors Inorganic Flexible Optoelectronics: Materials and Applications appeals to materials scientists, electronics engineers, electrical engineers, inorganic chemists, and solid state physicists.

Nanobiosensors for Agricultural Medical and Environmental Applications

Nanobiosensors for Agricultural  Medical and Environmental Applications
Author: Mohd. Mohsin,Ruphi Naz,Altaf Ahmad
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2021-01-11
ISBN 10: 9811583463
ISBN 13: 9789811583469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanobiosensors for Agricultural Medical and Environmental Applications Book Review:

This informative book compiles the most up-to-date applications of nanobiosensors in fields ranging from agriculture to medicine. The introductory section describes different types of nanobiosensors and use of nanobiosensors towards a sustainable environment. The applications are divided into four broad sections for easy reading and understanding. The book discusses how manipulation, control and integration of atoms and molecules are used to form materials, structures, devices and systems in nano-scale. Chapters in the book shed light on the use of nanosensors in diagnostics and medical devices. Application in food processing as well as in cell signaling is also described. Nanobiosensors have immense use, and this book captures the most important ones.