Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites
Author: Soo-Jin Park,Min-Kang Seo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 854
Release: 2011-08-01
ISBN 10: 9780080976051
ISBN 13: 0080976050
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interface Science and Composites Book Review:

Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites
Author: Soo-Jin Park,Min-Kang Seo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 834
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 0123750490
ISBN 13: 9780123750495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interface Science and Composites Book Review:

The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 1998-10-21
ISBN 10: 9780080530970
ISBN 13: 0080530974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites Book Review:

The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance
Author: Nikolaos E Zafeiropoulos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2011-02-26
ISBN 10: 0857092286
ISBN 13: 9780857092281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance Book Review:

One of the major reasons for composite failure is a breakdown of the bond between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and fails. By engineering the interface between the natural fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be manipulated to give maximum performance. Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance looks at natural (sustainable) fibre composites and the growing trend towards their use as reinforcements in composites. Part one focuses on processing and surface treatments to engineer the interface in natural fibre composites and looks in detail at modifying cellulose fibre surfaces in the manufacture of natural fibre composites, interface tuning through matrix modification and preparation of cellulose nanocomposites. It also looks at the characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties of natural fibre composites. Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites is the topic of part two which discusses the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres, assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites before finishing with a look at Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance is an invaluable resource to composite manufacturers and developers, materials scientists and engineers and anyone involved in designing and formulating composites or in industries that use natural fibre composites. Examines characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment Reviews testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites including the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres Assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites
Author: Kheng Lim Goh,Sabu Thomas,Rangika Thilan De Silva,Aswathi M.K.
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2019-11-27
ISBN 10: 0081027311
ISBN 13: 9780081027318
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites Book Review:

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre-Reinforced Composites: From Macro- to Nanoscale addresses recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. The book's main focus is on the reinforcement of materials by particles that can result in a composite material of high stiffness and strength, but it also focuses on how the particle interacts with the (matrix) material, which may be a polymer, biological-based material, ceramic or conventional metal. The different types of particle reinforced composites are discussed, as is load transfer at the particle-matrix interface. Readers will learn how to select materials and about particle structure. Significant progress has been made in applying these approaches, thus making this book a timely piece on recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. Features wide coverage, from polymer, to ceramics and metal-based particulate composites Structured in a logical order to cover fundamental studies, computer simulations, experimental techniques and characterization

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites
Author: Arthur G. Metcalfe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2016-06-15
ISBN 10: 1483216675
ISBN 13: 9781483216676
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites Book Review:

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites, Volume 1 presents the position of the science of interfaces, as well as the necessary background for the effort in progress to apply these materials. The book discusses the mechanical and physical aspects of the interface; the effect of the interface on longitudinal tensile properties; and the effect of the filament-matrix interface on off-axis tensile strength. The text also describes the role of the interface on elastic-plastic composite behavior; the effect of interface on fracture; and the interfaces in oxide reinforced metals and in directionally solidified eutectics. The effect of impurity on reinforcement-matrix compatibility is also considered. Metallurgical engineers and people involved in the study of materials science will find the book invaluable.

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Author: F. L. Matthews,Rees D. Rawlings
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 470
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780849306211
ISBN 13: 0849306213
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Composite Materials Book Review:

This volume focuses on quasilinear elliptic differential equations of degenerate type, evolution variational inequalities, and multidimensional hysteresis. It serves both as a survey of results in the field, and as an introductory text for non-specialists interested in related problems.

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Ganesh Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1489922512
ISBN 13: 9781489922519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces Book Review:

This book is an extended version of the proceedings of the Symposium on Polymer Composites, Interfaces, which was held under the auspices of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, American Chemical Society (ACS) during the annual ACS meeting in Seattle, March, 1983. The importance of the interface in composite materials has been recognized since the inception of modern composite technology. Specifically, silane coupling agents were developed for glass fiber reinforced compOSites at a very early date. Ever since then the diversity of composite materials and the development of various surface treatment methods have led to the establishment of an "interface art." A trial-and-error approach has dominated the interfacial aspects of composite technology until very recently. With the advent of modern analytical techniques for surface characterization, it became possible to study detailed surface and interface structures. It was hoped that this symposium would catalyze such a fundamental and scientific approach in composite studies. For this reason, the symposium was structured to verify the influence of interfacial structures on the mechanical and physical performance of composites and to improve our knowledge of the microstructure of composite interfaces. As the word ·composite" indicates, interdisciplinary interaction is indispensable for proper understanding of multiphase systems.

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology
Author: Ru-Min Wang,Shui-Rong Zheng,Yujun George Zheng
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2011-07-14
ISBN 10: 0857092227
ISBN 13: 9780857092229
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology Book Review:

Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter, part one reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them. Part two discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides both students and those in industry with a valuable introduction to and overview of this important class of materials. Provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance incorporating naming and classification of composite materials Reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them including damage mechanisms Discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites outlining various techniques and technologies

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV
Author: Victor Starov,Karel Procházka
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2011-05-24
ISBN 10: 3642190383
ISBN 13: 9783642190384
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV Book Review:

This volume includes 35 contributions to the 24th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society which took place in September 2010 in Prague. The contributions from leading scientists cover a broad spectrum of the following topics: • Self-assembling, Stimuli-responsive and Hierarchically Organized Systems • Colloid, Polymer and Polyelectrolyte Solutions; Concentrated Systems and Gels • Thin Films, Interfaces and Surfaces; Wetting Phenomena • Novel Nano-to-Mesostructured Functional Materials • Biologically Important and Bioinspired Systems; Pharmaceutical and Medical Applications

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Edwin P. Plueddemann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2016-06-03
ISBN 10: 1483216721
ISBN 13: 9781483216720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites Book Review:

Composite Materials, Volume 6: Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites covers the interface region as deduced from extensive practical studies of composite properties and from scientific studies of surfaces and surface modifiers. The book starts by providing a historical background on the studies and theories of the interface. The text then discusses the mechanics of load transfer at the interface; the surface chemistry of moisture-induced composite failure; and radioisotope studies of coupling agents at the interface. The use of silane coupling agents in particulate mineral filled composites; the mechanism of adhesion through silane coupling agents; as well as the high-modulus fibers and the fiber-resin interface in resin composites are also considered. Materials scientists, materials engineers, and design engineers will find the book invaluable.

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites
Author: Güneri Akovali
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401116423
ISBN 13: 9789401116428
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites Book Review:

Polymer composites represent materials of great and of continuously growing importance. Their potential for application appears to be limitless. They have been the subject of numerous studies both at academic and industrial levels. Much progress has been made in the incisive formulation of composites; sophisticated methods of property evaluation have been developed in the past decade and many, largely empirical solutions have been proposed to resolve the problem of their long-term performance under typical conditions of use (i. e. the use of silane or titane coupling agents to enhance adhesion within composite materials). Assuredly one of the most essential factors in the performance of these systems is the condition of the interface and interphase among the constituents of a given system. It has become clear that it is the interface/interphase, and the interactions which take place in this part of a system, which determine to a significant degree the initial properties of the material. In order to achieve leadership in the formulation and application of polymer composites, it is evident that in depth understanding of interfacial and interphase phenomena becomes a prerequisite.

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation
Author: Changlun Chen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2019-04-25
ISBN 10: 0081027761
ISBN 13: 9780081027769
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation Book Review:

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation: Principles and Methodologies, Volume 29 provides an overview of the most important radionuclide sources in the environment, their interaction with environmental media, and appropriate remediation techniques. The book focuses on the assessment of radionuclide sorption behavior in contaminated sites and the synthesis of new materials for radionuclides remediation through sorption concepts. Chapters investigate the main interaction mechanisms between toxic/radioactive metal ions with natural and manmade materials, natural clay minerals and oxides, and novel nanomaterials, such as ordered mesoporous silicas, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metal-organic framework-based materials. Techniques and models discussed include kinetics analysis, thermodynamic analysis, surface complexation models, spectroscopic techniques, and theoretical calculations. Provides a systemic discussion on the interactions between toxic and radioactive metal ions and natural and manmade materials Helps to select the best approach to remove toxic/radioactive metal ions from a surface Edited by a scientific authority in toxic/radioactive metal ion interactions

Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials 91

Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials  91
Author: Ignaas Verpoest,Frank Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483102971
ISBN 13: 9781483102979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials 91 Book Review:

Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials '91 is a collection of papers dealing with the science of composite interfaces, with emphasis on theoretical modeling, test methods, and characterization methods of polymer matrix, metal, or ceramic matrix composites. One paper reviews the micromechanical test methods used in evaluating mechanical properties of fiber-matrix interface. Another paper shows that the critical fiber length cannot always be considered a material constant in the framework of load transfer models based on the shear lag theory. Microwave plasma treatment is a quick technology to change fiber surface structure as the oxidation or the roughening of the fiber increases fiber-matrix adhesion. Another paper evaluates the effect of improved adhesion on mechanical performance under static, dynamic, and impact conditions. It also examines the role of fiber anisotropy on the performance of high performance polyethylene/epoxy composites. By using the Laser Raman Spectroscopy, the investigator can analyze the effects of the fiber surface treatment, the fiber modulus, the curing temperature on the Shear strength, and the fracture mechanics of the interface. The collection can be read profitably by chemists, biochemists, and academicians involved in material compound research.

Cellulose Reinforced Nanofibre Composites

Cellulose Reinforced Nanofibre Composites
Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Sami Boufi,Abdul Khalil H.P.S.
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2017-06-06
ISBN 10: 0081009658
ISBN 13: 9780081009659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellulose Reinforced Nanofibre Composites Book Review:

Cellulose-Reinforced Nanofibre Composites: Production, Properties and Applications presents recent developments in, and applications of, nanocellulose as reinforcement in composite and nanocomposite materials. Written by leading experts, the book covers properties and applications of nanocellulose, including the production of nanocellulose from different biomass resources, the usefulness of nanocellulose as a reinforcement for polymer and paper, and major challenges for successful scale-up production in the future. The chapters draw on cutting-edge research on the use of nanosized cellulose reinforcements in polymer composites that result in advanced material characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, mechanical and thermal properties. The book presents an up-to-date review of the major innovations in the field of nanocellulose and provides a reference material for future research in biomass based composite materials, which is timely due to the sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly demand for highly innovative materials made from biomass. This book is an ideal source of information for scientific and industrial researchers working in materials science. Gathers together a broad spectrum of research on nanocellulose, with emphasis on the outstanding reinforcing potential when nanocellulose is included into a polymer matrix or as an additive to paper Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from processing, design, characterization and applications of nanocellulose Presents a useful reference and technical guide for nanocomposite materials R&D sectors, university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and PhD) and industrialists working in material commercialization

Hybrid Atomic Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality

Hybrid Atomic Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality
Author: Ajit K. Roy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-03-10
ISBN 10: 012819118X
ISBN 13: 9780128191187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hybrid Atomic Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality Book Review:

Hybrid Atomic-Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality covers a broad range of atomistic, meso and macro scale computational methodologies, including multiphase (hybrid) materials constructs for tailoring structural, thermal and electrical properties. As future materials are expected to perform with increasing efficiency in complex and dynamic environments hybrid materials design, in contrast to monolithic concepts, they are a cost-effective alternative. Taking materials hybridization at smaller scale, even at atomic scale, offers exceedingly high-payoff opportunities for optimizing materials functionality at reduced material consumption and even reduced qualification costs (eliminates many costly component and system level qualification tests). Presents computational methodologies for materials hybridization and interface design at the atomic scale Covers materials interface design (atomic configuration), a key component to optimize and achieve performance metrics Helps readers with material selectivity and in the materials design phase of any product design

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites
Author: Güneri Akovali
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2012-10-29
ISBN 10: 9789401047173
ISBN 13: 9401047170
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites Book Review:

Polymer composites represent materials of great and of continuously growing importance. Their potential for application appears to be limitless. They have been the subject of numerous studies both at academic and industrial levels. Much progress has been made in the incisive formulation of composites; sophisticated methods of property evaluation have been developed in the past decade and many, largely empirical solutions have been proposed to resolve the problem of their long-term performance under typical conditions of use (i. e. the use of silane or titane coupling agents to enhance adhesion within composite materials). Assuredly one of the most essential factors in the performance of these systems is the condition of the interface and interphase among the constituents of a given system. It has become clear that it is the interface/interphase, and the interactions which take place in this part of a system, which determine to a significant degree the initial properties of the material. In order to achieve leadership in the formulation and application of polymer composites, it is evident that in depth understanding of interfacial and interphase phenomena becomes a prerequisite.

An Introduction to Composite Materials

An Introduction to Composite Materials
Author: D. Hull,T. W. Clyne
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1996-08-13
ISBN 10: 1107393183
ISBN 13: 9781107393189
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Composite Materials Book Review:

This edition has been greatly enlarged and updated to provide both scientists and engineers with a clear and comprehensive understanding of composite materials. In describing both theoretical and practical aspects of their production, properties and usage, the book crosses the borders of many disciplines. Topics covered include: fibres, matrices, laminates and interfaces; elastic deformation, stress and strain, strength, fatigue crack propagation and creep resistance; toughness and thermal properties; fatigue and deterioration under environmental conditions; fabrication and applications. Coverage has been increased to include polymeric, metallic and ceramic matrices and reinforcement in the form of long fibres, short fibres and particles. Designed primarily as a teaching text for final-year undergraduates in materials science and engineering, this book will also interest undergraduates and postgraduates in chemistry, physics, and mechanical engineering. In addition, it will be an excellent source book for academic and technological researchers on materials.

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites
Author: Klaus Friedrich,Alois K. Schlarb
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 832
Release: 2013-05-14
ISBN 10: 0444594647
ISBN 13: 9780444594648
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites Book Review:

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites provides a comprehensive description of polymeric nanocomposites, both as bulk materials and as thin surface coatings, and provides rare, focused coverage of their tribological behavior and potential use in tribological applications. Providing engineers and designers with the preparation techniques, friction and wear mechanisms, property information and evaluation methodology needed to select the right polymeric nanocomposites for the job, this unique book also includes valuable real-world examples of polymeric nanocomposites in action in tribological applications. Provides a complete reference to polmer nanocomposite material use in tribology from preparation through to selection and use. Explains the theory through examples of real-world applications, keeping this high-level topic practical and accessible. Includes contributions from more than 20 international tribology experts to offer broad yet detailed coverage of this fast-moving field.

Damage and Interfacial Debonding in Composites

Damage and Interfacial Debonding in Composites
Author: D.H. Allen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1996-07-18
ISBN 10: 9780080530222
ISBN 13: 0080530222
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Damage and Interfacial Debonding in Composites Book Review:

Written by leading authorities in the field of damage and micromechanics of composites, this book deals mainly with the damage impaired in composites due to different types of loading. It examines the different types of damage in composites in the fiber, matrix, debonding and delamination. It also reviews the theoretical characterization of damage, its experimental determination as well as the numerical simulation of damage.