Integrated Population Models

Integrated Population Models
Author: Michael Schaub,Marc Kery
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2021-07-15
ISBN 10: 9780128205648
ISBN 13: 0128205644
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Population Models Book Review:

Integrated Population Models: Theory and Ecological Applications with R and JAGS is the first resource on integrated population models, which constitute a powerful framework for combining multiple data sets from the population and the individual levels to estimate demographic parameters and population size. These models identify drivers of population dynamics and forecast the composition and trajectory of a population. Offers practical and accessible ecological applications of IPMs (integrated population models) Provides full documentation of analyzed code in the Bayesian framework Written and structured for an easy approach to the subject, especially for non-statisticians

Integrated Population Models

Integrated Population Models
Author: Michael Schaub,Marc Kéry
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 838
Release: 2021-07-15
ISBN 10: 9780323908108
ISBN 13: 0323908101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Population Models Book Review:

Integrated Population Models: Theory and Ecological Applications with R and JAGS is the first book on integrated population models, which constitute a powerful framework for combining multiple data sets from the population and the individual levels to estimate demographic parameters, and population size and trends. These models identify drivers of population dynamics and forecast the composition and trajectory of a population. Written by two population ecologists with expertise on integrated population modeling, this book provides a comprehensive synthesis of the relevant theory of integrated population models with an extensive overview of practical applications, using Bayesian methods by means of case studies. The book contains fully-documented, complete code for fitting all models in the free software, R and JAGS. It also includes all required code for pre- and post-model-fitting analysis. Integrated Population Models is an invaluable reference for researchers and practitioners involved in population analysis, and for graduate-level students in ecology, conservation biology, wildlife management, and related fields. The text is ideal for self-study and advanced graduate-level courses. Offers practical and accessible ecological applications of IPMs (integrated population models) Provides full documentation of analyzed code in the Bayesian framework Written and structured for an easy approach to the subject, especially for non-statisticians

Integrated Population Models

Integrated Population Models
Author: Michael Schaub,Marc Kéry
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2021-07-01
ISBN 10: 0128209151
ISBN 13: 9780128209158
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Population Models Book Review:

Integrated Population Models: Theory and Ecological Applications with R and JAGS is the first resource on integrated population models, which constitute a powerful framework for combining multiple data sets from the population and the individual levels to estimate demographic parameters and population size. These models identify drivers of population dynamics and forecast the composition and trajectory of a population. Offers practical and accessible ecological applications of IPMs (integrated population models) Provides full documentation of analyzed code in the Bayesian framework Written and structured for an easy approach to the subject, especially for non-statisticians

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: North Holland
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2018-10-15
ISBN 10: 9780444640727
ISBN 13: 044464072X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling Book Review:

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling: Part A offers very complex and precise realities of quantifying modern and traditional methods of understanding populations and population dynamics. Chapters cover emerging topics of note, including Longevity dynamics, Modeling human-environment interactions, Survival Probabilities from 5-Year Cumulative Life Table Survival Ratios (Tx+5/Tx): Some Innovative Methodological Investigations, Cell migration Models, Evolutionary Dynamics of Cancer Cells, an Integrated approach for modeling of coastal lagoons: A case for Chilka Lake, India, Population and metapopulation dynamics, Mortality analysis: measures and models, Stationary Population Models, Are there biological and social limits to human longevity?, Probability models in biology, Stochastic Models in Population Biology, and more. Covers emerging topics of note in the subject matter Presents chapters on Longevity dynamics, Modeling human-environment interactions, Survival Probabilities from 5-Year Cumulative Life Table Survival Ratios (Tx+5/Tx), and more

Bayesian Population Analysis Using WinBUGS

Bayesian Population Analysis Using WinBUGS
Author: Marc Kéry,Michael Schaub
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0123870208
ISBN 13: 9780123870209
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bayesian Population Analysis Using WinBUGS Book Review:

Bayesian statistics has exploded into biology and its sub-disciplines, such as ecology, over the past decade. The free software program WinBUGS, and its open-source sister OpenBugs, is currently the only flexible and general-purpose program available with which the average ecologist can conduct standard and non-standard Bayesian statistics. Comprehensive and richly commented examples illustrate a wide range of models that are most relevant to the research of a modern population ecologist All WinBUGS/OpenBUGS analyses are completely integrated in software R Includes complete documentation of all R and WinBUGS code required to conduct analyses and shows all the necessary steps from having the data in a text file out of Excel to interpreting and processing the output from WinBUGS in R

Modelling Population Dynamics

Modelling Population Dynamics
Author: K. B. Newman,S. T. Buckland,B. J. T. Morgan,R. King,D. L. Borchers,D. J. Cole,P. Besbeas,O. Gimenez,L. Thomas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2014-07-16
ISBN 10: 1493909770
ISBN 13: 9781493909773
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Population Dynamics Book Review:

This book gives a unifying framework for estimating the abundance of open populations: populations subject to births, deaths and movement, given imperfect measurements or samples of the populations. The focus is primarily on populations of vertebrates for which dynamics are typically modelled within the framework of an annual cycle, and for which stochastic variability in the demographic processes is usually modest. Discrete-time models are developed in which animals can be assigned to discrete states such as age class, gender, maturity, population (within a metapopulation), or species (for multi-species models). The book goes well beyond estimation of abundance, allowing inference on underlying population processes such as birth or recruitment, survival and movement. This requires the formulation and fitting of population dynamics models. The resulting fitted models yield both estimates of abundance and estimates of parameters characterizing the underlying processes.

Population Ecology in Practice

Population Ecology in Practice
Author: Brett K. Sandercock
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2020-02-10
ISBN 10: 0470674148
ISBN 13: 9780470674147
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Population Ecology in Practice Book Review:

A synthesis of contemporary analytical and modeling approaches in population ecology The book provides an overview of the key analytical approaches that are currently used in demographic, genetic, and spatial analyses in population ecology. The chapters present current problems, introduce advances in analytical methods and models, and demonstrate the applications of quantitative methods to ecological data. The book covers new tools for designing robust field studies; estimation of abundance and demographic rates; matrix population models and analyses of population dynamics; and current approaches for genetic and spatial analysis. Each chapter is illustrated by empirical examples based on real datasets, with a companion website that offers online exercises and examples of computer code in the R statistical software platform. Fills a niche for a book that emphasizes applied aspects of population analysis Covers many of the current methods being used to analyse population dynamics and structure Illustrates the application of specific analytical methods through worked examples based on real datasets Offers readers the opportunity to work through examples or adapt the routines to their own datasets using computer code in the R statistical platform Population Ecology in Practice is an excellent book for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in population ecology or ecological statistics, as well as established researchers needing a desktop reference for contemporary methods used to develop robust population assessments.

Data driven Modelling of Structured Populations

Data driven Modelling of Structured Populations
Author: Stephen P. Ellner,Dylan Z. Childs,Mark Rees
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016-05-13
ISBN 10: 3319288938
ISBN 13: 9783319288932
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data driven Modelling of Structured Populations Book Review:

This book is a “How To” guide for modeling population dynamics using Integral Projection Models (IPM) starting from observational data. It is written by a leading research team in this area and includes code in the R language (in the text and online) to carry out all computations. The intended audience are ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and mathematical biologists interested in developing data-driven models for animal and plant populations. IPMs may seem hard as they involve integrals. The aim of this book is to demystify IPMs, so they become the model of choice for populations structured by size or other continuously varying traits. The book uses real examples of increasing complexity to show how the life-cycle of the study organism naturally leads to the appropriate statistical analysis, which leads directly to the IPM itself. A wide range of model types and analyses are presented, including model construction, computational methods, and the underlying theory, with the more technical material in Boxes and Appendices. Self-contained R code which replicates all of the figures and calculations within the text is available to readers on GitHub. Stephen P. Ellner is Horace White Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Cornell University, USA; Dylan Z. Childs is Lecturer and NERC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at The University of Sheffield, UK; Mark Rees is Professor in the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at The University of Sheffield, UK.

Analysis of Capture Recapture Data

Analysis of Capture Recapture Data
Author: Rachel S. McCrea,Byron J. T. Morgan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2014-08-01
ISBN 10: 1439836590
ISBN 13: 9781439836590
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Capture Recapture Data Book Review:

An important first step in studying the demography of wild animals is to identify the animals uniquely through applying markings, such as rings, tags, and bands. Once the animals are encountered again, researchers can study different forms of capture-recapture data to estimate features, such as the mortality and size of the populations. Capture-recapture methods are also used in other areas, including epidemiology and sociology. With an emphasis on ecology, Analysis of Capture-Recapture Data covers many modern developments of capture-recapture and related models and methods and places them in the historical context of research from the past 100 years. The book presents both classical and Bayesian methods. A range of real data sets motivates and illustrates the material and many examples illustrate biometry and applied statistics at work. In particular, the authors demonstrate several of the modeling approaches using one substantial data set from a population of great cormorants. The book also discusses which computer programs to use for implementing the models and contains 130 exercises that extend the main material. The data sets, computer programs, and other ancillaries are available at www.capturerecapture.co.uk. The book is accessible to advanced undergraduate and higher-level students, quantitative ecologists, and statisticians. It helps readers understand model formulation and applications, including the technicalities of model diagnostics and checking.

Integrated Population Models and Habitat Metrics for Wildlife Management

Integrated Population Models and Habitat Metrics for Wildlife Management
Author: James Nowak
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2015
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1132063000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Population Models and Habitat Metrics for Wildlife Management Book Review:

Successful management of harvested species critically depends on an ability to predict the consequences of corrective actions. Ideally, managers would have comprehensive, quantitative and continuous knowledge of a managed system upon which to base decisions. In reality, wildlife managers rarely have comprehensive system knowledge. Despite imperfect knowledge and data deficiencies, a desire exists to manipulate populations and achieve objectives. To this end, manipulation of harvest regimes and the habitat upon which species rely have become staples of wildlife management. Contemporary statistical tools have potential to enhance both the estimation of population size and vital rates while making possible more proactive management. In chapter 1 we evaluate the efficacy of integrated population models (IPM) to fill knowledge voids under conditions of limited data and model misspecification. We show that IPMs maintain high accuracy and low bias over a wide range of realistic conditions. In recognition of the fact that many monitoring programs have focal data collection areas we then fit a novel form of the IPM that employs random effects to effectively share information through space and time. We find that random effects dramatically improve performance of optimization algorithms, produce reasonable estimates and make it possible to estimate parameters for populations with very limited data. We applied these random effect models to 51 elk management units in Idaho, USA to demonstrate the abilities of the models and information gains. Many of the estimates are the first of their kind. Short-term forecasting is the focus of population models, but managers assess viability on longer time horizons through habitat. Modern approaches to understanding large ungulate habitat requirements largely depend on resource selection. An implicit assumption of the resource selection approach is that disproportionate use of the landscape directly reflects an individual's desire to meet life history goals. However, we show that simple metrics of habitat encountered better describe variations in elk survival. Comparing population level variation through time to individual variation we found that individual variation in habitat used was the most supported model relating habitat to a fitness component. Further, resource selection coefficients did not correlate with survival.

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life
Author: Mevin B. Hooten,Trevor J. Hefley
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 574
Release: 2019-05-15
ISBN 10: 0429513372
ISBN 13: 9780429513374
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life Book Review:

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life empowers the reader to extend, enhance, and implement statistical models for ecological and environmental data analysis. We open the black box and show the reader how to connect modern statistical models to computer algorithms. These algorithms allow the user to fit models that answer their scientific questions without needing to rely on automated Bayesian software. We show how to handcraft statistical models that are useful in ecological and environmental science including: linear and generalized linear models, spatial and time series models, occupancy and capture-recapture models, animal movement models, spatio-temporal models, and integrated population-models. Features: R code implementing algorithms to fit Bayesian models using real and simulated data examples. A comprehensive review of statistical models commonly used in ecological and environmental science. Overview of Bayesian computational methods such as importance sampling, MCMC, and HMC. Derivations of the necessary components to construct statistical algorithms from scratch. Bringing Bayesian Models to Life contains a comprehensive treatment of models and associated algorithms for fitting the models to data. We provide detailed and annotated R code in each chapter and apply it to fit each model we present to either real or simulated data for instructional purposes. Our code shows how to create every result and figure in the book so that readers can use and modify it for their own analyses. We provide all code and data in an organized set of directories available at the authors' websites.

A Changing World

A Changing World
Author: Felix Kienast,Otto Wildi,Sucharita Ghosh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2007-03-16
ISBN 10: 1402044364
ISBN 13: 9781402044366
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Changing World Book Review:

Modern landscape research uses a panoply of techniques to further our understanding of our changing world, including mathematics, statistics and advanced simulation techniques to combine empirical observations with known theories. This book identifies emerging fields and new challenges that are discussed within the framework of the ‘driving forces’ of Landscape Development. the book addresses all of the ‘hot topics’ in this important area of study and emphasizes major contemporary trends in these fields.

Sensitivity Analysis Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology

Sensitivity Analysis  Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology
Author: Hal Caswell
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2019-04-02
ISBN 10: 3030105342
ISBN 13: 9783030105341
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sensitivity Analysis Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology Book Review:

This open access book shows how to use sensitivity analysis in demography. It presents new methods for individuals, cohorts, and populations, with applications to humans, other animals, and plants. The analyses are based on matrix formulations of age-classified, stage-classified, and multistate population models. Methods are presented for linear and nonlinear, deterministic and stochastic, and time-invariant and time-varying cases. Readers will discover results on the sensitivity of statistics of longevity, life disparity, occupancy times, the net reproductive rate, and statistics of Markov chain models in demography. They will also see applications of sensitivity analysis to population growth rates, stable population structures, reproductive value, equilibria under immigration and nonlinearity, and population cycles. Individual stochasticity is a theme throughout, with a focus that goes beyond expected values to include variances in demographic outcomes. The calculations are easily and accurately implemented in matrix-oriented programming languages such as Matlab or R. Sensitivity analysis will help readers create models to predict the effect of future changes, to evaluate policy effects, and to identify possible evolutionary responses to the environment. Complete with many examples of the application, the book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in human demography and population biology. The material will also appeal to those in mathematical biology and applied mathematics.

Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program

Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee to Review the Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Management Program
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2013-09-04
ISBN 10: 0309264979
ISBN 13: 9780309264976
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program Book Review:

Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward reviews the science that underpins the Bureau of Land Management's oversight of free-ranging horses and burros on federal public lands in the western United States, concluding that constructive changes could be implemented. The Wild Horse and Burro Program has not used scientifically rigorous methods to estimate the population sizes of horses and burros, to model the effects of management actions on the animals, or to assess the availability and use of forage on rangelands. Evidence suggests that horse populations are growing by 15 to 20 percent each year, a level that is unsustainable for maintaining healthy horse populations as well as healthy ecosystems. Promising fertility-control methods are available to help limit this population growth, however. In addition, science-based methods exist for improving population estimates, predicting the effects of management practices in order to maintain genetically diverse, healthy populations, and estimating the productivity of rangelands. Greater transparency in how science-based methods are used to inform management decisions may help increase public confidence in the Wild Horse and Burro Program.

Integrated Weed and Soil Management

Integrated Weed and Soil Management
Author: J. L. Hatfield,Bobby A. Stewart
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 1997-11-01
ISBN 10: 9781575040691
ISBN 13: 1575040697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Weed and Soil Management Book Review:

Integrated Weed and Soil Management explores the connection between soil science and weed control, providing the latest research and applications for weed management in agricultural systems. Five major areas discussed include: surface residue, tillage, and weed and soil management integration of soil and weed management to reduce environmental degradation modeling weed emergence, interference, and management new technology and management development of the next generation of weed management systems Throughout the text, the editors and contributors replace weed control terminology with weed management terminology, shifting the paradigm of one of control to one of better management. Integrated Weed and Soil Management, a great reference for higher research, improves your understanding of soil science, weed biology, and ecology - leading to effective practical application and maximum results.

Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act

Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Roundtable on Population Health Improvement
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2014-03-20
ISBN 10: 0309294371
ISBN 13: 9780309294379
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act Book Review:

Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act is the summary of a workshop convened in June 2013 by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Population Health Improvement to explore the likely impact on population health improvement of various provisions within the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This public workshop featured presentations and discussion of the impact of various provisions in the ACA on population health improvement. Several provisions of the ACA offer an unprecedented opportunity to shift the focus of health experts, policy makers, and the public beyond health care delivery to the broader array of factors that play a role in shaping health outcomes. The shift includes a growing recognition that the health care delivery system is responsible for only a modest proportion of what makes and keeps Americans healthy and that health care providers and organizations could accept and embrace a richer role in communities, working in partnership with public health agencies, community-based organizations, schools, businesses, and many others to identify and solve the thorny problems that contribute to poor health. Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act looks beyond narrow interpretations of population as the group of patients covered by a health plan to consider a more expansive understanding of population, one focused on the distribution of health outcomes across all individuals living within a certain set of geopolitical boundaries. In establishing the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council, creating a fund for prevention and public health, and requiring nonprofit hospitals to transform their concept of community benefit, the ACA has expanded the arena for interventions to improve health beyond the "doctor's" office. Improving the health of the population - whether in a community or in the nation as a whole - requires acting to transform the places where people live, work, study, and play. This report examines the population health-oriented efforts of and interactions among public health agencies (state and local), communities, and health care delivery organizations that are beginning to facilitate such action.

Handbook Integrated Care

Handbook Integrated Care
Author: Volker Amelung,Viktoria Stein,Nicholas Goodwin,Ran Balicer,Ellen Nolte,Esther Suter
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 595
Release: 2017-06-30
ISBN 10: 3319561030
ISBN 13: 9783319561035
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook Integrated Care Book Review:

This handbook gives profound insight into the main ideas and concepts of integrated care. It offers a managed care perspective with a focus on patient orientation, efficiency, and quality by applying widely recognized management approaches to the field of health care. The handbook also provides international best practices and shows how integrated care does work throughout various health systems. The delivery of health and social care is characterised by fragmentation and complexity in most health systems throughout the world. Therefore, much of the recent international discussion in the field of health policy and health management has focused on the topic of integrated care. “Integrated” acknowledges the complexity of patients ́ needs and aims to meet it by taking into account both health and social care aspects. Changing and improving processes in a coordinated way is at the heart of this approach.

Integrated transport land use modeling for sustainable cities

Integrated transport   land use modeling for sustainable cities
Author: Michel Bierlaire
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 9782940222728
ISBN 13: 294022272X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated transport land use modeling for sustainable cities Book Review:

Assessment of Sea Turtle Status and Trends

Assessment of Sea Turtle Status and Trends
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Review of Sea-Turtle Population Assessment Methods
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2010-10-07
ISBN 10: 0309152550
ISBN 13: 9780309152556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Sea Turtle Status and Trends Book Review:

All six species of sea turtles found in U.S. waters are listed as endangered or threatened, but the exact population sizes of these species are unknown due to a lack of key information regarding birth and survival rates. The U.S. Endangered Species Act prohibits the hunting of sea turtles and reduces incidental losses from activities such as shrimp trawling and development on beaches used for nesting. However, current monitoring does not provide enough information on sea turtle populations to evaluate the effectiveness of these protective measures. Sea Turtle Status and Trends reviews current methods for assessing sea turtle populations and finds that although counts of sea turtles are essential, more detailed information on sea turtle biology, such as survival rates and breeding patterns, is needed to predict and understand changes in populations in order to develop successful management and conservation plans.

Finding Home Policy Options for Addressing Homelessness in Canada

Finding Home  Policy Options for Addressing Homelessness in Canada
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: The Homeless Hub
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 0772714754
ISBN 13: 9780772714756
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finding Home Policy Options for Addressing Homelessness in Canada Book Review: