Inequality Democracy and Growth in Brazil

Inequality  Democracy  and Growth in Brazil
Author: Marcos Mendes
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2014-11-20
ISBN 10: 0128019654
ISBN 13: 9780128019658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality Democracy and Growth in Brazil Book Review:

In terms accessible to non-economists, Marcos José Mendes describes the ways democracy and inequality produce low growth in the short and medium terms. In the longer term, he argues that Brazil has two paths in front of it. One is to create the conditions necessary to boost economic performance and drive the country toward a high level of development. The other is to fail in untying the political knot that blocks growth, leaving it a middle-income country. The source of his contrasting futures for Brazil is inequality, which he demonstrates is a relevant variable in any discussion of economic growth. Inequality illuminates causes of seemingly-unconnected problems. This book, which includes freely-accessible documents and datasets, is the first in-depth analysis of an issue that promises to become increasingly prominent. Contrasting visions of Brazil’s future described in economic terms Easy-to-understand graphs and tables illustrate analytical arguments All Excel-based data available on a freely-accessible website

Decadent Developmentalism

Decadent Developmentalism
Author: Matthew M. Taylor
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2020-11-12
ISBN 10: 1108842283
ISBN 13: 9781108842280
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decadent Developmentalism Book Review:

Complementarities between political and economic institutions have kept Brazil in a low-level economic equilibrium since 1985.

Inequality in the Third World

Inequality in the Third World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 55
Release: 1983
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C079775394
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality in the Third World Book Review:

Brazil

Brazil
Author: Mr.Antonio Spilimbergo,Mr.Krishna Srinivasan
Publsiher: International Monetary Fund
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2019-03-14
ISBN 10: 1484339746
ISBN 13: 9781484339749
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brazil Book Review:

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom. Reasons for the historic bust following a boom are manifold. Policy mistakes were an important contributory factor, and included the pursuit of countercyclical policies, introduced to deal with the effects of the global financial crisis, beyond the point where they were helpful. More fundamentally, it reflects longstanding structural weaknesses plaguing the economy, that also help explain Brazil’s uninspiring growth performance over the past four decades.

Democratization Political Performance and Income Distribution in Argentina and Brazil

Democratization  Political Performance  and Income Distribution in Argentina and Brazil
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 111
Release: 2016
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1012120304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democratization Political Performance and Income Distribution in Argentina and Brazil Book Review:

This research examines the effects of democratization and political performance on the functional distribution of income in Argentina and Brazil from the end of their authoritarian periods to the present. The existing literature tends to focus on the impacts of democratization and political performance on the economic growth of the country as a whole or on changes to per capita income. This analysis focuses on the equality of economic development in less developed countries because growth is not necessarily distributed equally and poverty and inequality are both endemic to many less developed countries and also negatively impact development as a whole as well as the consolidation of democracy. To examine the effects of democratization and political performance on the shape of economic development, this thesis utilizes the Polity IV index as a measure of democracy, Relative Political Extraction as a proxy for political performance, and labor's share of national income as a measure of income inequality. Theoretically, a more democratic regime should enact policies that allow for a more equitable distribution of income because democratization increases popular representation and makes the provision of public goods preferable to the provision of private goods. Similarly, a regime with higher political capacity should be better equipped to enact whatever policies and development strategies it chooses, thereby reducing income inequality if the regime deems equitable development a priority. The main finding of this research is that political performance has had a significant impact on the shape of economic development in Argentina and Brazil, whereas the effect of democratization on the shape of development is less clear. A stronger, more effectively performing government will be better able to deliver equitable development regardless of its level of democracy than will a poorly performing government of any type.

Brazil

Brazil
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 38
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105133675277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brazil Book Review:

Democracy and Brazil

Democracy and Brazil
Author: Bernardo Bianchi,Jorge Chaloub,Patricia Rangel,Frieder Otto Wolf
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2020-09-24
ISBN 10: 1000168506
ISBN 13: 9781000168501
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and Brazil Book Review:

Democracy and Brazil: Collapse and Regression discusses the de-democratization process underway in contemporary Brazil. The relative political stability that characterized domestic politics in the 2000s ended with the sudden emergence of a series of massive protests in 2013, followed by the controversial impeachment of Dilma Rousseff in 2016 and the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018. In this new, more conservative period in Brazilian politics, a series of institutional reforms deepened the distance between citizens and representatives. Brazil's current political crisis cannot be understood without reference to the continual growth of right-wing and ultra-right discourse, on the one hand, and to the neoliberal ideology that pervades the minds of large parts of the Brazilian elite, on the other. Twenty experts on Brazil across different fields discuss the ongoing political turmoil in the light of distinct problems: geopolitics, gender, religion, media, indigenous populations, right-wing strategies, and new forms of coup, among others. Updated analyses enriched with historical perspective help to illuminate the intricate issues that will determine the country's fate in years to come. Democracy and Brazil: Collapse and Regression will interest students and scholars of Brazilian Politics and History, Latin America, and the broader field of democracy studies.

Brazil

Brazil
Author: Alfredo Saad-Filho,Lecio Morais
Publsiher: Pluto Press (UK)
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780745336701
ISBN 13: 0745336701
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brazil Book Review:

Brazil is the world's sixth largest economy, has played a key role as one of the 'pink wave' administrations in Latin America, and was also responsible for wrecking the US-sponsored proposal for a Free Trade Area of the Americas. It is also one of the few large countries where social spending has risen and the distribution of income has improved in the last thirty years.However, as protests during the World Cup in 2014 have shown, the country remains highly unequal, unmet social needs are vast and its infrastructure is precarious.Alfredo Saad-Filho and Lecio Morais review the paradox that is modern-day Brazil. Focusing on the period from 1980 onwards, they analyse the tensions between the two systemic transitions to have dominated the country: the political transition from military rule to democracy, and to neoliberalism. The authors show how these transitions had contradictory logics and dynamics, yet ultimately became mutually supportive as they unfolded and intertwined.

Democratic Brazil Divided

Democratic Brazil Divided
Author: Peter Kingstone,Timothy J. Power
Publsiher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2017-09-29
ISBN 10: 0822982900
ISBN 13: 9780822982906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democratic Brazil Divided Book Review:

March 2015 should have been a time of celebration for Brazil, as it marked thirty years of democracy, a newfound global prominence, over a decade of rising economic prosperity, and stable party politics under the rule of the widely admired PT (Workers’ Party). Instead, the country descended into protest, economic crisis, impeachment, and deep political division. Democratic Brazil Divided offers a comprehensive and nuanced portrayal of long-standing problems that contributed to the emergence of crisis and offers insights into the ways Brazilian democracy has performed well, despite the explosion of crisis. The volume, the third in a series from editors Kingstone and Power, brings together noted scholars to assess the state of Brazilian democracy through analysis of key processes and themes. These include party politics, corruption, the new ‘middle classes’, human rights, economic policy-making, the origins of protest, education and accountability, and social and environmental policy. Overall, the essays argue that democratic politics in Brazil form a complex mosaic where improvements stand alongside stagnation and regression.

Democracy at Work

Democracy at Work
Author: Brian Wampler,Natasha Borges Sugiyama,Michael Touchton
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2019-11-30
ISBN 10: 1108493149
ISBN 13: 9781108493147
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy at Work Book Review:

Demonstrates how specific dimensions of democracy - participation, citizenship rights, and an inclusionary state - enhance human development and well-being.

Brazil Emerging

Brazil Emerging
Author: Jan Nederveen Pieterse,Adalberto Cardoso
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2014-05-16
ISBN 10: 1135044015
ISBN 13: 9781135044015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brazil Emerging Book Review:

This volume is a critical inquiry into the social project and socioeconomic realities of emerging Brazil, a country that faces profound changes. A team of acknowledged specialists on Brazil’s complex configuration addresses state policies, social dynamics and economic constraints and opportunities for emancipation. Chapters adopt long-run perspectives on the development of the Brazilian welfare state, limits and opportunities for emancipation in the labor market, the scope and depth of social policies such as "Bolsa Família" and Rio’s Peacemaking Police Units (UPP), social movements - in particular, the Movement of the Landless (MST) - cultural policies at the federal level, the role of media in the country’s democratization project, and how two important commodities (sugar and oil) shape the identities of blacks and whites in Bahia. This book is essential reading for all those interested in understanding what kind of Brazil has acquired a prominent global position and what hurdles it faces to consolidate its position as a global player.

Democracy and the Left

Democracy and the Left
Author: Evelyne Huber,John D. Stephens
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2012-09-01
ISBN 10: 0226356558
ISBN 13: 9780226356556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and the Left Book Review:

Although inequality in Latin America ranks among the worst in the world, it has notably declined over the last decade, offset by improvements in health care and education, enhanced programs for social assistance, and increases in the minimum wage. In Democracy and the Left, Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens argue that the resurgence of democracy in Latin America is key to this change. In addition to directly affecting public policy, democratic institutions enable left-leaning political parties to emerge, significantly influencing the allocation of social spending on poverty and inequality. But while democracy is an important determinant of redistributive change, it is by no means the only factor. Drawing on a wealth of data, Huber and Stephens present quantitative analyses of eighteen countries and comparative historical analyses of the five most advanced social policy regimes in Latin America, showing how international power structures have influenced the direction of their social policy. They augment these analyses by comparing them to the development of social policy in democratic Portugal and Spain. The most ambitious examination of the development of social policy in Latin America to date, Democracy and the Left shows that inequality is far from intractable—a finding with crucial policy implications worldwide.

Transnationalism and Democracy in Brazil

Transnationalism and Democracy in Brazil
Author: Michèle Rioux
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 238
Release: 1990
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:61655876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transnationalism and Democracy in Brazil Book Review:

"In Brazil, the coincidence of massive growth and growing inequalities was also combined with an authoritarian regime. This coincidence led the dependency scholars to link the Brazilian economic model and the repressive and authoritarian nature of the political regime. However, the Brazilian democratization process, taking roots in the mid-70s, reformulated the issue. Indeed, while remaining committed to transnationalism, a democratization process was underway. This paper argues that the democratization process is consistent with, and even motivated by, the regulation imperatives of the regime of accumulation. However, these regulation imperatives limit the nature and scope of democratic reforms. Nevertheless, transnationalism also lay the foundations for more progressive and democratic option to emerge in formal politics and in civil society." --

Democratic Brazil Revisited

Democratic Brazil Revisited
Author: Peter Kingstone
Publsiher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9780822973478
ISBN 13: 0822973472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democratic Brazil Revisited Book Review:

As the world's fifth-largest country, Brazil presents a compelling example of democracy in action. In this sequel to their landmark study Democratic Brazil, editors Peter Kingstone and Timothy Power have assembled a distinguished group of U.S.- and Brazilian-based scholars to assess the impact of competitive politics on Brazilian government, institutions, economics, and society. The 2002 election of Lula da Silva and his Worker's Party promised a radical shift toward progressive reform, transparency, and accountability, opposing the earlier centrist and market-oriented policies of the Cardoso government. But despite the popular support reflected in his 2006 reelection, many observers claim that Lula and his party have fallen short of their platform promises. They have moved to the center in their policies, done little to change the elitist political culture of the past, and have engaged in "politics as usual" in executive-legislative relations, leading to allegations of corruption. Under these conditions, democracy in Brazil remains an enigma. Progress in some areas is offset by stagnation and regression in others: while the country has seen renewed economic growth and significant progress in areas of health care and education, the gap between rich and poor remains vast. Rampant crime, racial inequality, and a pandemic lack of personal security taint the vision of progress. These dilemmas make Brazil a particularly striking case for those interested in Latin America and democratization in general.

Brazil and China

Brazil and China
Author: Ignacio Garcia Marin
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2013-09
ISBN 10: 3656040672
ISBN 13: 9783656040675
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brazil and China Book Review:

Research paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Other States, grade: 1,3, Humboldt-University of Berlin, course: 2010-2011, language: English, abstract: During the last decade the world has changed. We started the current century with a clear leader: The US, but only a few years later the global arena is very different. Europe and the United States are fighting against a strong economic crisis, and their internal problems do not help to fix it. Besides, there are new regional leaders, like China, Brazil, India, and Russia. I will pay special attention to the first two, particularly their policies against poverty and inequality. The comparison between these countries, in concrete Brazil and China is very interesting, since we can see how different capitalist models are facing evident problems: strong economic growth, millions of poor and corruption. Besides, in the case of China, we are talking about a communist dictatorship with capitalist areas. To begin with I am going to do a short description about the current economic crisis, where I will discuss some ideas considering the different situation between developed and non-developed countries. To analyze the fight against poverty it is important to understand the scenario that surrounds us. Later on I will point out some political questions about the idea that current world is changing the global arena settled after the fall of the USRR. Concluding this section I will introduce to two of the new winners, Brazil and China, and their exclusive club: BRIC with the idea of describe how are these poor countries facing the problem of the poverty. The questions that I am going to answer are How are Brazil and China facing the poverty? What are the priorities of their governments?

Brazil and China Leadership economic growth and future

Brazil and China  Leadership  economic growth and future
Author: Ignacio Garcia Marin
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2011-10-28
ISBN 10: 3656040052
ISBN 13: 9783656040057
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brazil and China Leadership economic growth and future Book Review:

Research paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Other States, grade: 1,3, Humboldt-University of Berlin, course: 2010-2011, language: English, abstract: During the last decade the world has changed. We started the current century with a clear leader: The US, but only a few years later the global arena is very different. Europe and the United States are fighting against a strong economic crisis, and their internal problems do not help to fix it. Besides, there are new regional leaders, like China, Brazil, India, and Russia. I will pay special attention to the first two, particularly their policies against poverty and inequality. The comparison between these countries, in concrete Brazil and China is very interesting, since we can see how different capitalist models are facing evident problems: strong economic growth, millions of poor and corruption. Besides, in the case of China, we are talking about a communist dictatorship with capitalist areas. To begin with I am going to do a short description about the current economic crisis, where I will discuss some ideas considering the different situation between developed and non-developed countries. To analyze the fight against poverty it is important to understand the scenario that surrounds us. Later on I will point out some political questions about the idea that current world is changing the global arena settled after the fall of the USRR. Concluding this section I will introduce to two of the new winners, Brazil and China, and their exclusive club: BRIC with the idea of describe how are these poor countries facing the problem of the poverty. The questions that I am going to answer are How are Brazil and China facing the poverty? What are the priorities of their governments?

Paths of Inequality in Brazil

Paths of Inequality in Brazil
Author: Marta Arretche
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 3319781847
ISBN 13: 9783319781846
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paths of Inequality in Brazil Book Review:

This book presents multidisciplinary analyses of the historical trajectories of social and economic inequalities in Brazil over the last 50 years. As one of the most unequal countries in the world, Brazil has always been an important case study for scholars interested in inequality research, but in the last few decades has brought a new phenomenon to renew researchers’ interest in the country. While the majority of democracies in the developed world have witnessed an increase in income inequality from the 1970s on, Brazil has followed the opposite path, registering a significant reduction of income inequality over the last 30 years. Bringing together studies carried out by experts from different areas, such as economists, sociologists, demographers and political scientists, this volume presents insights based on rigorous analyses of statistical data in an effort to explain the long term changes in social and economic inequalities in Brazil. The book adopts a multidisciplinary approach, analyzing the relations between income inequality and different dimensions of social life, such as education, health, political participation, public policies, demographics and labor market. All of this makes Paths of Inequality in Brazil – A Half-Century of Change a very valuable resource for social scientists interested in inequality research in general, and especially for sociologists, political scientists and economists interested in the social and economic changes that Brazil went through over the last two decades.

Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil

Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780821358801
ISBN 13: 0821358804
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil Book Review:

What makes Brazil so unequal? This title looks at this question and shows how inequalities weaken Brazil's economic development and what are the best policy options to reduce this inequity.

Poverty Inequality and Democracy

Poverty  Inequality  and Democracy
Author: Francis Fukuyama,Larry Diamond,Marc F. Plattner
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2012-03
ISBN 10: 1421405709
ISBN 13: 9781421405704
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Poverty Inequality and Democracy Book Review:

The rise of populism in new democracies, especially in Latin America, has brought renewed urgency to the question of how liberal democracy deals with issues of poverty and inequality. Citizens who feel that democracy failed to improve their economic condition are often vulnerable to the appeal of political leaders with authoritarian tendencies. To counteract this trend, liberal democracies must establish policies that will reduce socioeconomic disparities without violating liberal principles, interfering with economic growth, or ignoring the consensus of the people. Poverty, Inequality, and Democracy addresses the complicated philosophical and moral issues surrounding the distribution of economic goods in free societies as well as the empirical relationships between democratization and trends in poverty and inequality. This volume also discusses the variety of welfare-state policies that have been adopted in different regions of the world. The book’s distinguished group of contributors provides a succinct synthesis of the scholarship on this topic. They address such broad issues as whether democracy promotes inequality, the socioeconomic factors that drive democratic failure, and the basic choices that societies must make as they decide how to deal with inequality. Chapters focus on particular regions or countries, examining how problems of poverty and inequality have been handled (or mishandled) by newer democracies in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. Poverty, Inequality, and Democracy will prove vital reading for all students of world politics, political economy, and democracy’s global prospects. Contributors: Dan Banik, Nancy Bermeo, Dorothee Bohle, Nathan Converse, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Francis Fukuyama, Béla Greskovits, Stephan Haggard, Ethan B. Kapstein, Robert R. Kaufman, Taekyoon Kim, Huck-Ju Kwon, Jooha Lee, Peter Lewis, Beatriz Magaloni, Mitchell A. Orenstein, Marc F. Plattner, Charles Simkins, Alejandro Toledo, Ilcheong Yi

From Colony to Democracy

From Colony to Democracy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 38
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105122249753
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Colony to Democracy Book Review: