Human Machine Shared Contexts

Human Machine Shared Contexts
Author: William Lawless,Ranjeev Mittu,Donald Sofge
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2020-06-10
ISBN 10: 0128223790
ISBN 13: 9780128223796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Machine Shared Contexts Book Review:

Human-Machine Shared Contexts considers the foundations, metrics, and applications of human-machine systems. Editors and authors debate whether machines, humans, and systems should speak only to each other, only to humans, or to both and how. The book establishes the meaning and operation of “shared contexts between humans and machines; it also explores how human-machine systems affect targeted audiences (researchers, machines, robots, users) and society, as well as future ecosystems composed of humans and machines. This book explores how user interventions may improve the context for autonomous machines operating in unfamiliar environments or when experiencing unanticipated events; how autonomous machines can be taught to explain contexts by reasoning, inferences, or causality, and decisions to humans relying on intuition; and for mutual context, how these machines may interdependently affect human awareness, teams and society, and how these "machines" may be affected in turn. In short, can context be mutually constructed and shared between machines and humans? The editors are interested in whether shared context follows when machines begin to think, or, like humans, develop subjective states that allow them to monitor and report on their interpretations of reality, forcing scientists to rethink the general model of human social behavior. If dependence on machine learning continues or grows, the public will also be interested in what happens to context shared by users, teams of humans and machines, or society when these machines malfunction. As scientists and engineers "think through this change in human terms," the ultimate goal is for AI to advance the performance of autonomous machines and teams of humans and machines for the betterment of society wherever these machines interact with humans or other machines. This book will be essential reading for professional, industrial, and military computer scientists and engineers; machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) scientists and engineers, especially those engaged in research on autonomy, computational context, and human-machine shared contexts; advanced robotics scientists and engineers; scientists working with or interested in data issues for autonomous systems such as with the use of scarce data for training and operations with and without user interventions; social psychologists, scientists and physical research scientists pursuing models of shared context; modelers of the internet of things (IOT); systems of systems scientists and engineers and economists; scientists and engineers working with agent-based models (ABMs); policy specialists concerned with the impact of AI and ML on society and civilization; network scientists and engineers; applied mathematicians (e.g., holon theory, information theory); computational linguists; and blockchain scientists and engineers. Discusses the foundations, metrics, and applications of human-machine systems Considers advances and challenges in the performance of autonomous machines and teams of humans Debates theoretical human-machine ecosystem models and what happens when machines malfunction

Advances in Human Factors in Robots and Unmanned Systems

Advances in Human Factors in Robots and Unmanned Systems
Author: Jessie Chen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2019-06-10
ISBN 10: 3030204677
ISBN 13: 9783030204679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Human Factors in Robots and Unmanned Systems Book Review:

This book focuses on the importance of human factors in the development of safe and reliable unmanned systems. It discusses current challenges such as how to improve the perceptual and cognitive abilities of robots, develop suitable synthetic vision systems, cope with degraded reliability in unmanned systems, predict robotic behavior in case of a loss of communication, the vision for future soldier–robot teams, human–agent teaming, real-world implications for human–robot interaction, and approaches to standardize both the display and control of technologies across unmanned systems. Based on the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Factors in Robots and Unmanned Systems, held on July 24–28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA, this book fosters new discussions and stimulates new advances in the development of more reliable, safer, and highly functional devices for carrying out automated and concurrent tasks.

Human Machine Communication

Human Machine Communication
Author: Andrea L. Guzman
Publsiher: Peter Lang Incorporated, International Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9781433142505
ISBN 13: 1433142503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Machine Communication Book Review:

This book serves as an introduction to HMC as a specific area of study within communication and to the research possibilities of HMC. The research presented here focuses on people's interactions with multiple technologies used within different contexts from a variety of epistemological and methodological approaches.

Human Machine Reconfigurations

Human Machine Reconfigurations
Author: Lucy Suchman,Lucy A. Suchman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9780521675888
ISBN 13: 052167588X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Machine Reconfigurations Book Review:

Publisher description

Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines

Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines
Author: Ipke Wachsmuth,Manuela Lenzen,Günther Knoblich
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 491
Release: 2008-09-04
ISBN 10: 0199231753
ISBN 13: 9780199231751
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines Book Review:

Communication is not just about the transfer of verbal information. Gestures, facial expressions, intonation and body language are all major sources of information during conversation. This book presents a new perspective on communication, one that will help us to better understand humans, and also to build machines that can communicate.

Software Industry

Software Industry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: United Nations Publications
Total Pages: 243
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822016956187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Software Industry Book Review:

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on a Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral Sciences for Applications to National Security
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-07-26
ISBN 10: 0309487617
ISBN 13: 9780309487610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Book Review:

The primary function of the intelligence analyst is to make sense of information about the world, but the way analysts do that work will look profoundly different a decade from now. Technological changes will bring both new advances in conducting analysis and new risks related to technologically based activities and communications around the world. Because these changes are virtually inevitable, the Intelligence Community will need to make sustained collaboration with researchers in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS) a key priority if it is to adapt to these changes in the most productive ways. A Decadal Survey Of The Social and Behavioral Sciences provides guidance for a 10-year research agenda. This report identifies key opportunities in SBS research for strengthening intelligence analysis and offers ideas for integrating the knowledge and perspectives of researchers from these fields into the planning and design of efforts to support intelligence analysis.

Symbiosis of Human and Artifact Future computing and design for human computer interaction

Symbiosis of Human and Artifact  Future computing and design for human computer interaction
Author: Yūichirō Anzai,Katsuhiko Ogawa,Hirohiko Mori
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1179
Release: 1995
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105024850336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Symbiosis of Human and Artifact Future computing and design for human computer interaction Book Review:

Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything

Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything
Author: William Lawless,Ranjeev Mittu,Donald Sofge,Ira S Moskowitz,Stephen Russell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 303
Release: 2019-02-21
ISBN 10: 0128176377
ISBN 13: 9780128176375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything Book Review:

Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything considers the foundations, metrics and applications of IoE systems. It covers whether devices and IoE systems should speak only to each other, to humans or to both. Further, the book explores how IoE systems affect targeted audiences (researchers, machines, robots, users) and society, as well as future ecosystems. It examines the meaning, value and effect that IoT has had and may have on ordinary life, in business, on the battlefield, and with the rise of intelligent and autonomous systems. Based on an artificial intelligence (AI) perspective, this book addresses how IoE affects sensing, perception, cognition and behavior. Each chapter addresses practical, measurement, theoretical and research questions about how these “things may affect individuals, teams, society or each other. Of particular focus is what may happen when these “things begin to reason, communicate and act autonomously on their own, whether independently or interdependently with other “things . Considers the foundations, metrics and applications of IoE systems Debates whether IoE systems should speak to humans and each other Explores how IoE systems affect targeted audiences and society Discusses theoretical IoT ecosystem models

Human Machine

Human   Machine
Author: Paul R. Daugherty,H. James Wilson
Publsiher: Harvard Business Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2018-03-20
ISBN 10: 1633693872
ISBN 13: 9781633693876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Machine Book Review:

AI is radically transforming business. Are you ready? Look around you. Artificial intelligence is no longer just a futuristic notion. It's here right now--in software that senses what we need, supply chains that "think" in real time, and robots that respond to changes in their environment. Twenty-first-century pioneer companies are already using AI to innovate and grow fast. The bottom line is this: Businesses that understand how to harness AI can surge ahead. Those that neglect it will fall behind. Which side are you on? In Human + Machine, Accenture leaders Paul R. Daugherty and H. James (Jim) Wilson show that the essence of the AI paradigm shift is the transformation of all business processes within an organization--whether related to breakthrough innovation, everyday customer service, or personal productivity habits. As humans and smart machines collaborate ever more closely, work processes become more fluid and adaptive, enabling companies to change them on the fly--or to completely reimagine them. AI is changing all the rules of how companies operate. Based on the authors' experience and research with 1,500 organizations, the book reveals how companies are using the new rules of AI to leap ahead on innovation and profitability, as well as what you can do to achieve similar results. It describes six entirely new types of hybrid human + machine roles that every company must develop, and it includes a "leader’s guide" with the five crucial principles required to become an AI-fueled business. Human + Machine provides the missing and much-needed management playbook for success in our new age of AI. BOOK PROCEEDS FOR THE AI GENERATION The authors' goal in publishing Human + Machine is to help executives, workers, students and others navigate the changes that AI is making to business and the economy. They believe AI will bring innovations that truly improve the way the world works and lives. However, AI will cause disruption, and many people will need education, training and support to prepare for the newly created jobs. To support this need, the authors are donating the royalties received from the sale of this book to fund education and retraining programs focused on developing fusion skills for the age of artificial intelligence.

Plans and Situated Actions

Plans and Situated Actions
Author: Lucy A. Suchman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 203
Release: 1987-11-26
ISBN 10: 9780521337397
ISBN 13: 0521337399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plans and Situated Actions Book Review:

A compelling case for the re-examination of interface design models is presented by this text's assertion that human behavior is not taken into account in the planning model generally favored by artificial intelligence.

Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population Applications Services and Contexts

Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population  Applications  Services and Contexts
Author: Jia Zhou,Gavriel Salvendy
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 583
Release: 2017-06-28
ISBN 10: 3319585363
ISBN 13: 9783319585369
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population Applications Services and Contexts Book Review:

The two-volume set LNCS 10297 + 10298 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population, ITAP 2017, held as part of HCI International 2017 in Vancouver, BC, Canada. HCII 2017 received a total of 4340 submissions, of which 1228 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The 83 papers presented in the two volumes of ITAP 2017 were organized in topical sections as follows: Part I: aging and technology acceptance; user-centred design for the elderly; product design for the elderly; aging and user experience; digital literacy and training. Part II: mobile and wearable interaction for the elderly; aging and social media; silver and intergenerational gaming; health care and assistive technologies and services for the elderly; aging and learning, working and leisure.

Human Robot Interaction

Human Robot Interaction
Author: Michael A. Goodrich,Alan C. Schultz
Publsiher: Now Publishers Inc
Total Pages: 79
Release: 2008-01
ISBN 10: 1601980922
ISBN 13: 9781601980922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Robot Interaction Book Review:

Human-Robot Interaction: A Survey presents a unified treatment of HRI-related issues, identifies key themes, and discusses challenge problems that are likely to shape the field in the near future. The survey includes research results from a cross section of the universities, government efforts, industry labs, and countries that contribute to HRI, and a cross section of the disciplines that contribute to the field, such as human factors, robotics, cognitive psychology and design

Autonomous Driving

Autonomous Driving
Author: Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 706
Release: 2016-05-21
ISBN 10: 3662488477
ISBN 13: 9783662488478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autonomous Driving Book Review:

This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies? Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatment of the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

Machine Learners

Machine Learners
Author: Adrian Mackenzie
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2017-11-16
ISBN 10: 0262036827
ISBN 13: 9780262036825
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Machine Learners Book Review:

If machine learning transforms the nature of knowledge, does it also transform the practice of critical thought? Machine learning—programming computers to learn from data—has spread across scientific disciplines, media, entertainment, and government. Medical research, autonomous vehicles, credit transaction processing, computer gaming, recommendation systems, finance, surveillance, and robotics use machine learning. Machine learning devices (sometimes understood as scientific models, sometimes as operational algorithms) anchor the field of data science. They have also become mundane mechanisms deeply embedded in a variety of systems and gadgets. In contexts from the everyday to the esoteric, machine learning is said to transform the nature of knowledge. In this book, Adrian Mackenzie investigates whether machine learning also transforms the practice of critical thinking. Mackenzie focuses on machine learners—either humans and machines or human-machine relations—situated among settings, data, and devices. The settings range from fMRI to Facebook; the data anything from cat images to DNA sequences; the devices include neural networks, support vector machines, and decision trees. He examines specific learning algorithms—writing code and writing about code—and develops an archaeology of operations that, following Foucault, views machine learning as a form of knowledge production and a strategy of power. Exploring layers of abstraction, data infrastructures, coding practices, diagrams, mathematical formalisms, and the social organization of machine learning, Mackenzie traces the mostly invisible architecture of one of the central zones of contemporary technological cultures. Mackenzie's account of machine learning locates places in which a sense of agency can take root. His archaeology of the operational formation of machine learning does not unearth the footprint of a strategic monolith but reveals the local tributaries of force that feed into the generalization and plurality of the field.

Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Advances in Artificial Intelligence
Author: Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence. Conference
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2001
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015047817641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Artificial Intelligence Book Review:

Expertise in Context

Expertise in Context
Author: Paul J. Feltovich,Kenneth M. Ford,Robert R. Hoffman
Publsiher: Aaai Press
Total Pages: 590
Release: 1997
ISBN 10: 9780262561105
ISBN 13: 0262561107
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expertise in Context Book Review:

Computerized "expert systems" are among the best-known applications of artificial intelligence. But what is expertise? The nature of knowledge and expertise, and their relation to context, is the focus of active discussion and controversy among psychologists, philosophers, computer scientists, and other cognitive scientists. The questions reach to the very foundations of cognitive theory.The twenty-three original essay in this volume discuss the essential nature of expert knowledge, as well as such questions as how "expertise" differs from mere "knowledge," the relation between the individual and group processes involved in knowledge in general and expertise in particular, the social and other contexts of expertise, how expertise can be assessed, and the relation between human and computer expertise.Contributors : N. M. Agnew, D. Bertram, S. Bringsjord, N. Charness, W. Clancey, H. M. Collins, T. M. Converse, R. L. Coulson, D. DuBois, K. A. Ericsson, P. J. Feltovich, K. M. Ford, N. D. Geddes, K. J. Hammond, C. C. Hayes, P. J. Hayes, H. Hexmoor, C. T. Kulik, H. E. Kyburg, M. LaFrance, F. J. Lerch, G. F. Luger, M. Miller, M. Minsky, K. O'Hara, A. L. Patalano, V. L. Patel, D. Perlis, M. J. Prietula, M. F. Ramoni, A. T. Rappaport, C. M. Seifert, N. Shadbolt, V. L. Shalin, S. C. Shapiro, R. J. Spiro, E. W. Stein, C. R. Stern, R. J. Sternberg, M. A. Szczepkowski, C. M. Zeitz

Online Connections

Online Connections
Author: Susan B. Barnes
Publsiher: Hampton Press (NJ)
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2001
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105117980230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Online Connections Book Review:

This title is a study of electronic culture, it describes networked computer culture. Through case studies and ethnographic observations, it discusses how and why people develop interpersonal relationships through the Internet.

INTERCHI 93

INTERCHI  93
Author: Stacey Ashlund
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 547
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 9780201588842
ISBN 13: 0201588846
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

INTERCHI 93 Book Review:

Computational Context

Computational Context
Author: William F. Lawless,Ranjeev Mittu,Donald Sofge
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2018-12-07
ISBN 10: 042984185X
ISBN 13: 9780429841859
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Context Book Review:

This volume addresses context from three comprehensive perspectives: first, its importance, the issues surrounding context, and its value in the laboratory and the field; second, the theory guiding the AI used to model its context; and third, its applications in the field (e.g., decision-making). This breadth poses a challenge. The book analyzes how the environment (context) influences human perception, cognition and action. While current books approach context narrowly, the major contribution of this book is to provide an in-depth review over a broad range of topics for a computational context no matter its breadth. The volume outlines numerous strategies and techniques from world-class scientists who have adapted their research to solve different problems with AI, in difficult environments and complex domains to address the many computational challenges posed by context. Context can be clear, uncertain or an illusion. Clear contexts: A father praising his child; a trip to the post office to buy stamps; a policewoman asking for identification. Uncertain contexts: A sneak attack; a surprise witness in a courtroom; a shout of "Fire! Fire!" Contexts as illusion: Humans fall prey to illusions that machines do not (Adelson’s checkerboard illusion versus a photometer). Determining context is not easy when disagreement exists, interpretations vary, or uncertainty reigns. Physicists like Einstein (relativity), Bekenstein (holographs) and Rovelli (universe) have written that reality is not what we commonly believe. Even outside of awareness, individuals act differently whether alone or in teams. Can computational context with AI adapt to clear and uncertain contexts, to change over time, and to individuals, machines or robots as well as to teams? If a program automatically "knows" the context that improves performance or decisions, does it matter whether context is clear, uncertain or illusory? Written and edited by world class leaders from across the field of autonomous systems research, this volume carefully considers the computational systems being constructed to determine context for individual agents or teams, the challenges they face, and the advances they expect for the science of context.