Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields

Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields
Author: Dragan Poljak,Mario Cvetkovic
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-06-07
ISBN 10: 012816624X
ISBN 13: 9780128166246
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields Book Review:

Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields: Computational Models in Dosimetry presents some highly rigorous and sophisticated integral equation techniques from computational electromagnetics (CEM), along with practical techniques for the calculation and measurement of internal dosimetry. Theory is accompanied by numerical modeling algorithms and illustrative computational examples that range from academic to full real-world scenarios. Covers both deterministic and stochastic modeling Presents implementations of integral equation approaches, overcoming the limitations of the FDTD approach Presents various biomedical applications

Electromagnetic Field Interactions with the Human Body Observed Effects and Theories

Electromagnetic Field Interactions with the Human Body  Observed Effects and Theories
Author: J. K. Oaines
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 123
Release: 1981
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000747702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electromagnetic Field Interactions with the Human Body Observed Effects and Theories Book Review:

Modeling of Interactions of Electromagnetic Fields with Human Bodies

Modeling of Interactions of Electromagnetic Fields with Human Bodies
Author: Krzysztof Caputa
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2002
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1199640501
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling of Interactions of Electromagnetic Fields with Human Bodies Book Review:

Interactions of electromagnetic fields with the human body have been a subject of scientific interest and public concern. In recent years, issues in power line field effects and those of wireless telephones have been in the forefront of research. Engineering research compliments biological investigations by quantifying the induced fields in biological bodies due to exposure to external fields. The research presented in this thesis aims at providing reliable tools, and addressing some of the unresolved issues related to interactions with the human body of power line fields and fields produced by handheld wireless telephones. The research comprises two areas, namely development of versatile models of the human body and their visualisation, and verification and application of numerical codes to solve selected problems of interest. The models of the human body, which are based on the magnetic resonance scans of the body, are unique and differ considerably from other models currently available. With the aid of computer software developed, the models can be arranged to different postures, and medical devices can be accurately placed inside them. A previously developed code for modeling interactions of power line fields with biological bodies has been verified by rigorous, quantitative inter-laboratory comparison for two human body models. This code has been employed to model electromagnetic interference (EMI) of the magnetic field with implanted cardiac pacemakers. In this case, the correct placement and representation of the pacemaker leads are critical, as simplified computations have been shown to result in significant errors. In modeling interactions of wireless communication devices, the finite difference time domain technique (FDTD) has become a de facto standard. The previously developed code has been verified by comparison with the analytical solution for a conductive sphere. While previously researchers limited their verifications to principal axes of the sphere, a global (volumetric) fields evaluation allowed for identification of locations of errors due to staircasing, and the singularities responsible for them. In evaluation of safety of cellular telephones and similar devices, the specific absorption rate (SAR) averaged over a 1 g (in North America) or 10 g (in Europe) cube is used. A new algorithm has been developed and tested, which allows for automatic and reliable identification of the maximum value with a user-selected inclusion of air (if required). This algorithm and the verified code have been used to model performance of a commercial telephone in the proximity of head, and to model EMI of this phone with a hearing aid placed in the ear canal. The modeling results, which relied on a proper representation of the antenna consisting of two helices and complex shape and structure of the telephone case, have been confirmed by measurements performed in another laboratory. Similarly, the EMI modeling has been in agreement with acoustic measurements (performed elsewhere). The latter comparison has allowed to confirm anticipated mechanism of the EMI.

Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation

Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation
Author: Riadh W.Y. Habash
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN 10: 1482294729
ISBN 13: 9781482294729
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation Book Review:

This reference explores the sources, characteristics, bioeffects, and health hazards of extremely low-frequency (ELF) fields and radio frequency radiation (RFR), analyzing current research as well as the latest epidemiological studies to assess potential risks associated with exposure and to develop effective safety guidelines. Compiles reports and investigations from four decades of study on the effect of nonionizing electromagnetic fields and radiation on human health Summarizing modern engineering approaches to control exposure, Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation discusses: EM interaction mechanisms in biological systems Explorations into the impact of EM fields on free radicals, cells, tissues, organs, whole organisms, and the population Regulatory standards in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia Pacific Evaluation of incident fields from various EM sources Measurement surveys for various sites including power lines, substations, mobile systems, cellular base stations, broadcast antennas, traffic radar devices, heating equipment, and other sources Dosimetry techniques for the determination of internal EM fields Conclusions reached by the Food and Drug Administration, World Health Organization, and other institutions

Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Heterogeneous Biological Systems

Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Heterogeneous Biological Systems
Author: Sutus Rukspollmuang
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 382
Release: 1979
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MSU:31293105146165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Heterogeneous Biological Systems Book Review:

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems
Author: James C. Lin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN 10: 1000218694
ISBN 13: 9781000218695
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems Book Review:

Spanning static fields to terahertz waves, this volume explores the range of consequences electromagnetic fields have on the human body. Topics discussed include essential interactions and field coupling phenomena; electric field interactions in cells, focusing on ultrashort, pulsed high-intensity fields; dosimetry or coupling of ELF fields into biological systems; and the historical developments and recent trends in numerical dosimetry. It also discusses mobile communication devices and the dosimetry of RF radiation into the human body, exposure and dosimetry associated with MRI and spectroscopy, and available data on the interaction of terahertz radiation with biological tissues, cells, organelles, and molecules.

Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network

Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Radiation Effects Research,Committee on Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN)
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 1993-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309047773
ISBN 13: 9780309047777
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network Book Review:

Written at the request of the U.S. Air Force and Congress, this book evaluates the potential health effects associated with deployment of the Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN), a communications system to be used in case of a high-altitude detonation of a nuclear device. The committee, composed of experts in biophysics, physics, risk assessment, epidemiology, and cancer, examines data from laboratory and epidemiologic studies of effects from electromagnetic fields to determine the likelihood of health effects being caused by the operation of a fully implemented GWEN system.

High Frequency Electromagnetic Dosimetry

High Frequency Electromagnetic Dosimetry
Author: David A. Sánchez-Hernández
Publsiher: Artech House
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1596933976
ISBN 13: 9781596933972
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Frequency Electromagnetic Dosimetry Book Review:

Along with the growth of RF and microwave technology applications, there is a mounting concern about the possible adverse effects over human health from electromagnetic radiation. Addressing this issue and putting it into perspective, this groundbreaking resource provides critical details on the latest advances in high frequency electromagnetic dosimetry. The book takes a scientific and rigorous engineering point of view, helping you achieve highly accurate exposure assessments.

Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves with Heterogeneous Bodies of Arbitrary Shape and Parameters

Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves with Heterogeneous Bodies of Arbitrary Shape and Parameters
Author: Huei Wang
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 420
Release: 1987
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MSU:31293031780103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves with Heterogeneous Bodies of Arbitrary Shape and Parameters Book Review:

Genotoxicity

Genotoxicity
Author: Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN 10: 1789234182
ISBN 13: 9781789234183
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genotoxicity Book Review:

This book is designed to provide an overview of the different genotoxicants and their effects on living organisms, including humans. The contributions made by the specialists in this field of research are gratefully acknowledged. We hope that the information presented in this book will meet the expectations and needs of all those interested in the different aspects of the genotoxicity field. The publication of this book is of great importance to those scientists, pharmacologists, physicians and veterinarians, as well as engineers, teachers, graduate students and administrators of environmental programmes, who make use of these investigations to understand both the basic and applied genotoxic aspects of known and new xenobiotics, and to guide them in their future investigations.

Electromagnetic Fields and Circadian Rhythmicity

Electromagnetic Fields and Circadian Rhythmicity
Author: Moore,Ede,Moore-Ede
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1468467999
ISBN 13: 9781468467994
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electromagnetic Fields and Circadian Rhythmicity Book Review:

This book is the first in a new series entitled ''Advances in Circadian Physiology." Our aim in this and subsequent volumes is to document and critically analyze the state of knowledge on biological clocks, circadian rhythms and their applications to human health, safety, performance and productivity. In the past twenty years, scientists have uncovered an elegant system of biological clocks in the brain that govern the daily rhythms of sleep and alertness, hormone levels and temperature and a myriad other aspects of body function. From the first identification of the suprachiasmatic biological clock in the early 1970s, this field of research has exploded in information and implication. These biological clocks, so perfectly attuned to the pace of a bygone era, are the root cause of the human fatigue, error, accidents and reduced productivity precipi tated by the around-the-clock challenges of today's industry and society. Research on these clocks offers the promise of fundamental solutions which can help the human race adjust physiologically to the technology-paced world we have created.

Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis Sixth Edition

Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis  Sixth Edition
Author: James W. Robinson,Eileen M. Skelly Frame,George M. Frame II
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1079
Release: 2004-12-02
ISBN 10: 9780849306501
ISBN 13: 0849306507
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis Sixth Edition Book Review:

Completely rewritten, revised, and updated, this Sixth Edition reflects the latest technologies and applications in spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and chromatography. It illustrates practices and methods specific to each major chemical analytical technique while showcasing innovations and trends currently impacting the field. Many of the chapters have been individually reviewed by teaching professors and include descriptions of the fundamental principles underlying each technique, demonstrations of the instrumentation, and new problem sets and suggested experiments appropriate to the topic. About the authors... JAMES W. ROBINSON is Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. A Fellow of the Royal Chemical Society, he is the author of over 200 professional papers and book chapters and several books including Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy and Atomic Spectroscopy. He was Executive Editor of Spectroscopy Letters and the Journal of Environmental Science and Health (both titles, Marcel Dekker, Inc.) and the Handbook of Spectroscopy and the Practical Handbook of Spectroscopy (both titles, CRC Press). He received the B.Sc. (1949), Ph.D. (1952), and D.Sc. (1978) degrees from the University of Birmingham, England. EILEEN M. SKELLY FRAME recently was Clinical Assistant Professor and Visiting Research Professor, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York. Dr. Skelly Frame has extensive practical experience in the use of instrumental analysis to characterize a wide variety of substances, from biological samples and cosmetics to high temperature superconductors, polymers, metals, and alloys. Her industrial career includes supervisory roles at GE Corporate Research and Development, Stauffer Chemical Corporate R&D, and the Research Triangle Institute. She is a member of the American Chemical Society, the Society for Applied Spectroscopy, and the American Society for Testing and Materials. Dr. Skelly Frame received the B.S. degree in chemistry from Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. GEORGE M. FRAME II is Scientific Director, Chemical Biomonitoring Section of the Wadsworth Laboratory, New York State Department of Health, Albany. He has a wide range of experience in the field and has worked at the GE Corporate R&D Center, Pfizer Central Research, the U.S. Coast Guard R&D Center, the Maine Medical Center, and the USAF Biomedical Sciences Corps. He is an American Chemical Society member. Dr. Frame received the B.A. degree in chemistry from Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the Ph.D. degree in analytical chemistry from Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Bioengineering and Biophysical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields

Bioengineering and Biophysical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields
Author: Ben Greenebaum,Frank S. Barnes
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN 10: 1351837435
ISBN 13: 9781351837439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioengineering and Biophysical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields Book Review:

Bioengineering and Biophysical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields primarily contains discussions on the physics, engineering, and chemical aspects of electromagnetic (EM) fields at both the molecular level and larger scales, and investigates their interactions with biological systems. The first volume of the bestselling and newly updated Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition, this book adds material describing recent theoretical developments, as well as new data on material properties and interactions with weak and strong static magnetic fields. Newly separated and expanded chapters describe the external and internal electromagnetic environments of organisms and recent developments in the use of RF fields for imaging. Bioengineering and Biophysical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields provides an accessible overview of the current understanding on the scientific underpinnings of these interactions, as well as a partial introduction to experiments on the interactions themselves.

Electromagnetic Fields 300 Hz to 300 GHz

Electromagnetic Fields  300 Hz to 300 GHz
Author: World Health Organization,WHO/IRPA Task Group on Electromagnetic Fields (300 Hz to 300 GHz)
Publsiher: Environmental Health Criteria
Total Pages: 290
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112025553618
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electromagnetic Fields 300 Hz to 300 GHz Book Review:

A critical review of all data relevant to the assessment of human health effects associated with exposure to electromagnetic fields in the frequency range of 300 Hz to 300 GHz. Emphasis is placed on new data that shed light on the interactions of electromagnetic fields with biological systems and on the specific biological effects and responses that result. Over 500 recent studies were rigorously assessed. Sources of exposure considered include broadcasting systems, microwave ovens, induction heating stoves, visual display units, television receivers, dielectric heaters for industrial use, radar installations, and medical devices and procedures. A chapter devoted to interaction mechanisms reviews the electrical properties of tissues and discusses direct and indirect interaction mechanisms, including the interaction of biological bodies with electrical charges induced on ungrounded or poorly grounded metallic objects such as cars, cranes, wires and fences. A review of the large body of data from cellular and animal studies considers the strength of evidence pointing to effects on the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems, on reproduction and on pre- and post-natal development. The report concludes that most of the biological effects of acute exposure are consistent with responses to induced heating. Data on human responses are assessed in the next chapter which addresses concern about the effects of locally elevated temperatures resulting from the deposition of radio frequency energy and the possible dangers, particularly for pregnancy outcome linked to the use of visual display units. The report concludes that current data provide no clear evidence of detrimental health effects in humans exposed to radiofrequency fields. The remaining chapters provide guidelines for health hazard assessment and standards for protection.

Modelling the Human Body Exposure to ELF Electric Fields

Modelling the Human Body Exposure to ELF Electric Fields
Author: Cristina Peratta,Andres Peratta
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1845644182
ISBN 13: 9781845644185
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling the Human Body Exposure to ELF Electric Fields Book Review:

The objective of this book is to describe techniques to investigate the behaviour of electric fields and induced currents in the human body exposed to different scenarios of extremely low frequency (ELF) high voltage - low current electromagnetic fields by means of numerical modelling with improved Boundary Element Methods (BEM).A variety of three dimensional anatomically shaped human body models under different exposure conditions are presented and solved.The mathematical formulation for the case of human exposure to ELF electromagnetic fields departing from Maxwell equations and for the electrical properties of biological tissue is provided.The underpinning ideas of the Boundary Element Method applied to ELF fields in the human body are presented.A literature survey including electrical properties of tissues relevant to low frequency calculations has been compiled and included in one chapter.A novel improved BEM approach is introduced in order to solve this type of problems leading to more accurate results and more efficient calculations.The developed methodology is applied to three different case studies: i- overhead power transmission lines, ii- power substation rooms, and iii- pregnant woman including foetus and evolving scenarios.In all the cases, a sensitivity analysis investigating the influence of varying geometrical and electrical properties of the tissues has been conducted.The results obtained allow to identify situations of high and low exposure in the different parts of the body and to compare with existing exposure guidelines.

Human Health and Exposure to Electromagnetic Radiation

Human Health and Exposure to Electromagnetic Radiation
Author: J. A. Dennis,C. R. Muirhead,J. R. Ennis
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 147
Release: 1992
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105008708674
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Health and Exposure to Electromagnetic Radiation Book Review:

This review consists of three main parts. In the first the general features of electromagnetic fields and their interactions with the human body are described. It is pointed out that some evidence from biological experiments means that it is not a priori possible to conclude that there are no longterm effects on human health from exposure to levels of electric and magnetic fields below the thresholds for electric shock, bum and overheating. The second part deals with the epidemiological evidence for effects on general health and birth outcome. It is considered that the bulk of the evidence suggests that there are no long-term effects on general health from the levels to which people are normally exposed from power frequencies, radiofrequencies or microwaves. As regards birth outcomes, the average female user of visual display units (VDUs) does not seem to be at risk of adverse birth outcome. There is a little evidence suggesting that intensive use is associated with an increase in spontaneous abortion, but this could be a result of higher job stress and postural problems rather than of exposure to the small electromagnetic fields. The third part describes the epidemiological evidence from occupational and residential studies of a possible association between electromagnetic field exposures and cancer. Studies of electrical and electronic workers are suggestive of such a link, but are subject to the confounding factor of occupational class. If the association is real the average excess risk appears to be small.

Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields

Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields
Author: Frank S. Barnes,Ben Greenebaum
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN 10: 142000946X
ISBN 13: 9781420009460
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields Book Review:

Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields examines potential health hazards, exposure standards, and medical applications of electromagnetic (EM) fields. The second volume in the bestselling and newly revisedHandbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition, this book draws from the latest studies on the effects of exposure to electric and magnetic fields. In addition to extensive reviews of physiological effects, the book contains now separate reviews of behavioral and cognitive responses to various exposures. The book also describes an approach to setting standards for exposure limits and explores a few of the beneficial uses of EM fields in medical applications, both diagnostics and in treatment. Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields provides a practical overview of the experiments and methods used to observe ELF and RF fields and the possible useful and hazardous implications of these observations.

Antenna Theory and Design

Antenna Theory and Design
Author: Warren L. Stutzman,Gary A. Thiele
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2012-05-22
ISBN 10: 0470576642
ISBN 13: 9780470576649
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antenna Theory and Design Book Review:

Stutzman's 3rd edition of Antenna Theory and Design provides a more pedagogical approach with a greater emphasis on computational methods. New features include additional modern material to make the text more exciting and relevant to practicing engineers; new chapters on systems, low-profile elements and base station antennas; organizational changes to improve understanding; more details to selected important topics such as microstrip antennas and arrays; and expanded measurements topic.

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
Author: Patrick Staebler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2017-05-12
ISBN 10: 1119384524
ISBN 13: 9781119384526
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields Book Review:

Everyone, whether they like it or not, is exposed to electromagnetic fields, most of the time, at very low levels. In this case, they are inconsequential, but they can cause adverse health effects when they become intense enough. This topic is complex and sensitive. Covering frequencies from 0 Hz to 300 GHz, Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields provides an overview of this vast topic. After a reminder of the concepts of electromagnetic fields, the author presents some examples of sources of radiation in daily life and in the industrial or medical sectors. The biophysical and biological effects of these fields on the human body are detailed and the exposure limits are recalled. The exposure assessment and the implementation of the appropriate regulation within companies are also covered. Technically and practically, this book is aimed at people with a scientific background, risk prevention actors, health physicians, especially occupational doctors, and equipment designers.

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
Author: Dragan Poljak
Publsiher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
Total Pages: 183
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015058724983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields Book Review:

The field of computational bioelectromagnetics has grown rapidly in the last decades, but until now there has not been a comprehensive text on the many aspects of interaction between human beings and electromagnetic fields. This text fills the gap. Chapter 1 covers some fundamental aspects of possible radiation hazard, while the second chapter deals with calculation and measurement techniques related to the analysis of electromagnetic interference (EMI) sources. Arising almost completely from the author's own research, Chapter 3 is devoted to electromagnetic modelling. The computational approach is based on the equivalent antenna representation of the human body and the Boundary Element (BE)solution of the corresponding integral equations arising from antenna theory. The analysis is carried out in both the frequency and time domain. The fourth chapter is intended to serve as an opener to the thermal modelling of the human body by solving the corresponding bio-heat transfer equation, while Chapter 5 focuses on the known coupling mechanisms between electromagnetic field and the human body. Finally, the author discusses safety standards and limiting exposures of electromagnetic fields through established international guidelines and protection measures.