History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-09-18
ISBN 10: 0128016345
ISBN 13: 9780128016343
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health Book Review:

This volume, Toxicology in Antiquity II, continues to tell the story of the roots of toxicology in ancient times. Readers learn that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. Toxicologists are particularly proud of the rich and storied history of their field and there are few resources available that cover the discipline from a historical perspective. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid these hazardous substances and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. Volume II explores the use of poison as weapons in war and assassinations, early instances of air pollution, the use of hallucinogens and entheogens, and the role of the snake in ancient toxicology. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1010510453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health Book Review:

Toxicology in Antiquity

Toxicology in Antiquity
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2018-10-22
ISBN 10: 0128153407
ISBN 13: 9780128153406
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicology in Antiquity Book Review:

Toxicology in Antiquity provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in antiquity. It brings together the two previously published shorter volumes on the topic, as well as adding considerable new information. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, it covers key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. New chapters in this edition focus chiefly on evidence for the use of toxic agents derived from religious texts. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins New chapters focus on evidence of the use of toxins derived from religious texts

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2017-03-13
ISBN 10: 0128095598
ISBN 13: 9780128095591
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Book Review:

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, this volume is a follow-up, chronologically, to the first two volumes which explored toxicology in antiquity. The book approximately covers the 1100s through the 1600s, delving into different aspects of toxicology, such as the contributions of scientific scholars of the time, sensational poisoners and poisoning cases, as well as myths. Historical figures, such as the Borgias and Catherine de Medici are discussed. Toxicologists, students, medical researchers, and those interested in the history of science will find insightful and relevant material in this volume. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid them, and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-10-20
ISBN 10: 0128136987
ISBN 13: 9780128136980
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology Book Review:

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology uses a chronological approach to demonstrate how the use of alternative methods has evolved from their conception as adjuncts to traditional animal toxicity tests to replacements for them. This volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series explores the history of alternative test development, validation, and use, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement,Reduction, Refinement) concept expounded by William Russell and Rex Burch in 1959 in their now classic volume, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The book describes the historical development of technologies that have influenced the application of alternatives in toxicology and safety testing. These range from single cell monocultures to sophisticated, miniaturised and microfluidic organism-on-a-chip devices, and also include molecular modelling, chemoinformatics and QSAR analysis, and the use of stem cells, tissue engineering and hollow fibre bioreactors. This has been facilitated by the wider availability of human tissues, advances in tissue culture, analytical and diagnostic methods, increases in computational processing, capabilities, and a greater understanding of cell biology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity. These technological developments have enhanced the range and information content of the toxicity endpoints detected, and therefore the relevance of test systems and data interpretation, while new techniques for non-invasive diagnostic imaging and high resolution detection methods have permitted an increased role for human studies. Several key examples of how these technologies are being harnessed to meet 21st century safety assessment challenges are provided, including their deployment in integrated testing schemes in conjunction with kinetic modelling, and in specialized areas, such as inhalation toxicity studies. The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology uses a chronological approach to demonstrate how the use of alternative methods has evolved from their conception as adjuncts to traditional animal toxicity tests to replacements for them. This volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series explores the history of alternative test development, validation, and use, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement) concept expounded by William Russell and Rex Burch in 1959 in their now-classic volume, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The book describes the historical development of technologies that have influenced the application of alternatives in toxicology and safety testing. These range from single cell monocultures to sophisticated miniaturised and microfluidic organism-on-a-chip devices, and also include molecular modelling, chemoinformatics and QSAR analysis, and the use of stem cells, tissue engineering and hollow fibre bioreactors. This has been facilitated by the wider availability of human tissues, advances in tissue culture, analytical and diagnostic methods, increases in computational processing capabilities, and a greater understanding of cell biology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity. These technological developments have enhanced the range and information content of the toxicity endpoints detected, and therefore the relevance of test systems and data interpretation, while new techniques for non-invasive diagnostic imaging and high resolution detection methods have permitted an increased role for human studies. Several key examples of how these technologies are being harnessed to meet 21st century safety assessment challenges are provided, including their deployment in integrated testing schemes in conjunction with kinetic modelling, and in specialised areas, such as inhalation toxicity studies.

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Rebecca Fry
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2015-06-11
ISBN 10: 0128015683
ISBN 13: 9780128015681
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health Book Review:

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health uses a systems biological perspective to detail the most recent findings that link environmental exposures to human disease, providing an overview of molecular pathways that are essential for cellular survival after exposure to environmental toxicants, recent findings on gene-environment interactions influencing environmental agent-induced diseases, and the development of computational methods to predict susceptibility to environmental agents. Introductory chapters on molecular and cellular biology, toxicology and computational biology are included as well as an assessment of systems-based tools used to evaluate environmental health risks. Further topics include research on environmental toxicants relevant to human health and disease, various high-throughput technologies and computational methods, along with descriptions of the biological pathways associated with disease and the developmental origins of disease as they relate to environmental contaminants. Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health is an essential reference for undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers looking for an introduction in the use of systems biology approaches to assess environmental exposures and their impacts on human health. Provides the first reference of its kind, demonstrating the application of systems biology in environmental health and toxicology Includes introductions to the diverse fields of molecular and cellular biology, toxicology, and computational biology Presents a foundation that helps users understand the connections between the environment and health effects, and the biological mechanisms that link them

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology
Author: Alan Woolf
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-10-15
ISBN 10: 0128222182
ISBN 13: 9780128222188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology Book Review:

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology describes extraordinary advances in the practice of clinical toxicology within the past 70 years, bringing together stories of those who contributed and those who discovered new therapies and antidotes and made change happen. The book lays out the poison control system and the fascinating story of how they created a new and evolving medical specialty. In addition, the book tells the stories of modern-day toxic disasters that led to improvements in our understanding of the science. Finally, the book covers key policies and agencies, addresses the challenges facing clinical toxicologists, and predicts future advances. This book is a unique resource with an historical and international perspective that will help practitioners put current issues and methods in perspective while also giving readers an understanding on how infrastructure and processes have evolved. Offers descriptions of the key regulatory advances affecting clinical toxicology Provides synopses of modern-day poisoning disasters Outlines the development of modern antidotes and future directions in clinical toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology
Author: P.J. Bert Hakkinen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 921
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 0127447709
ISBN 13: 9780127447704
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Resources in Toxicology Book Review:

History: -- K.D. Watson, P. Wexler, and J. Everitt. -- Highlights in the History of Toxicology. -- Selected References in the History of Toxicology. -- A Historical Perspective of Toxicology Information Systems. -- Books and Special Documents: -- G.L. Kennedy, Jr., P. Wexler, N.S. Selzer, and L.A. Malley. -- General Texts. -- Analytical Toxicology. -- Animals in Research. -- Biomonitoring/Biomarkers. -- Biotechnology. -- Biotoxins. -- Cancer. -- Chemical Compendia. -- Chemical--Cosmetics and Other Consumer. -- Products. -- Chemical--Drugs. -- Chemical--Dust and Fibers. -- Chemical--Metals. -- Chemicals--Pesticides -- Chemicals--Solvents. -- Chemical--Selected Chemicals. -- Clinical Toxicology. -- Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology. -- Environmental Toxicology--General. -- Environmental Toxicology-- Aquatic. -- Environmental Toxicology--Atmospheric. -- Environmental Toxicology--Hazardous Waste. -- Environmental Toxicology--Terrestrial. -- Environmental Toxicology--Wildlife. -- Ep ...

Ecosystems and Human Health

Ecosystems and Human Health
Author: Richard B. Philp
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2013-03-27
ISBN 10: 146656721X
ISBN 13: 9781466567214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecosystems and Human Health Book Review:

Since the second edition of this text was published, many new environmental incidents have occurred, including another nuclear disaster, a mine disaster in the United States, and the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Updated throughout the text, Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards, Third Edition explores the broad range of environmental and human health aspects of chemical and biological hazards—from natural toxins and disasters to man-made pollutants and environmental crises. The book begins with the basic principles of pharmacology and toxicology, risk analysis, and air, water, and soil pollution. It then examines various toxicants and hazards, such as airborne hazards, halogenated hydrocarbons, metals, and organic solvents. Chapters also discuss food additives and contaminants, pesticides, hormone disrupters, radiation hazards, and natural environmental hazards such as venomous and toxic animals. The text reviews the Chernobyl nuclear crisis and the Walkerton drinking water tragedy, as well as other disasters, assessing some of their long-term effects, now that sufficient time has elapsed since their occurrence. With updates in every chapter, this third edition contains significant expansion of information on the genetics of chemical carcinogenesis, global warming, food additives, invasive species in the Great Lakes, nuclear accidents, and more. The book describes how chemical toxins and biological hazards can impact the environment and the people who live in it. The author presents numerous examples of the relationship between ecosystem health and human health. He emphasizes the need to consider the environmental impact of human activities and includes many real-world examples and new case studies.

Principles of Environmental Toxicology

Principles of Environmental Toxicology
Author: I. Shaw,J. Chadwick
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN 10: 1482284766
ISBN 13: 9781482284768
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

Environmental toxicology is the study of the action of chemicals upon ecosystems. Understanding the effects of exogenous chemicals upon the inhabitants of an ecosystem may enable us to predict and possibly prevent their deleterious effects. This textbook provides a good general introduction to all the major areas of environmental toxicology, including the fate of chemicals in the environment, environmental toxicity testing, risk assessment, radioactivity in the environment, legislation, environmental monitoring and the future impact of industrial development on the environment. It is written in an informal, accessible style with many examples of environmental issues taken from the author's personal experience and will provide students and other interested individuals with a broad overview of the science of environmental toxicology.

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology
Author: Alan Woolf
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-10-15
ISBN 10: 0128222182
ISBN 13: 9780128222188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology Book Review:

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology describes extraordinary advances in the practice of clinical toxicology within the past 70 years, bringing together stories of those who contributed and those who discovered new therapies and antidotes and made change happen. The book lays out the poison control system and the fascinating story of how they created a new and evolving medical specialty. In addition, the book tells the stories of modern-day toxic disasters that led to improvements in our understanding of the science. Finally, the book covers key policies and agencies, addresses the challenges facing clinical toxicologists, and predicts future advances. This book is a unique resource with an historical and international perspective that will help practitioners put current issues and methods in perspective while also giving readers an understanding on how infrastructure and processes have evolved. Offers descriptions of the key regulatory advances affecting clinical toxicology Provides synopses of modern-day poisoning disasters Outlines the development of modern antidotes and future directions in clinical toxicology

Banned

Banned
Author: Frederick Rowe Davis
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2014-11-28
ISBN 10: 030021037X
ISBN 13: 9780300210378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Banned Book Review:

Rachel Carson’s eloquent book Silent Spring stands as one of the most important books of the twentieth century and inspired important and long-lasting changes in environmental science and government policy. Frederick Rowe Davis thoughtfully sets Carson’s study in the context of the twentieth century, reconsiders her achievement, and analyzes its legacy in light of toxic chemical use and regulation today. Davis examines the history of pesticide development alongside the evolution of the science of toxicology and tracks legislation governing exposure to chemicals across the twentieth century. He affirms the brilliance of Carson’s careful scientific interpretations drawing on data from university and government toxicologists. Although Silent Spring instigated legislation that successfully terminated DDT use, other warnings were ignored. Ironically, we replaced one poison with even more toxic ones. Davis concludes that we urgently need new thinking about how we evaluate and regulate pesticides in accounting for their ecological and human toll.

Introduction to Environmental Toxicology

Introduction to Environmental Toxicology
Author: Wayne Landis,Ruth Sofield,Ming-Ho Yu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2017-09-29
ISBN 10: 149875046X
ISBN 13: 9781498750462
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

The fifth edition includes new sections on the use of adverse outcome pathways, how climate change changes how we think about toxicology, and a new chapter on contaminants of emerging concern. Additional information is provided on the derivation of exposure-response curves to describe toxicity and they are compared to the use of hypothesis testing. The text is unified around the theme of describing the entire cause-effect pathway from the importance of chemical structure in determining exposure and interaction with receptors to the use of complex systems and hierarchical patch dynamic theory to describe effects to landscapes.

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental Toxicology
Author: Ming-Ho Yu,Humio Tsunoda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2004-10-28
ISBN 10: 0203495462
ISBN 13: 9780203495469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

An Indispensable Reference of Air, Soil, and Water Pollutants This second edition of Environmental Toxicology focuses on the biological and health effects toxins have on living organisms. It also stresses the relationship between human activity and the environment, relating changes in the environment with the changing patterns of human d

Herbicides

Herbicides
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2021-06-23
ISBN 10: 0128236752
ISBN 13: 9780128236758
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Herbicides Book Review:

Herbicides: Chemistry, Efficacy, Toxicology, and Environmental Impacts addresses contemporary debates on herbicide toxicology. The reader is offered a comprehensive overview of this complex topic, presented by internationally recognized experts. Information presented will inform discussions on the use of herbicides in modern agricultural and other systems, and their potential non-target effects on human populations and various ecosystems. The book covers these matters in concise language appropriate to engage both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. The use of herbicides is an essential pillar of modern agricultural production systems. Weeds, if uncontrolled, would reduce crop yield and result in massive economic damage. Recently, the heavy reliance on single herbicides has been linked to the development of weed resistance. To combat resistant weeds, farmers are advised to use a mix of several herbicides and to increase herbicide application rates. As a result, the toxicity of herbicides on human health and the environment has become a controversial topic. Offers a comprehensive overview of herbicide science in modern agricultural systems Addresses the complex problems that can arise from herbicide use and misuse, including weed resistance, pollution, and human health issues Uses recent examples to demonstrate the topical nature of this issue

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental Toxicology
Author: David A. Wright,Pamela Welbourn
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2002-03-14
ISBN 10: 9780521588607
ISBN 13: 052158860X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

Comprehensive introductory textbook for students and specialists in ecology, environmental science, and chemistry.

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology
Author: Sol Bobst
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 50
Release: 2017-09-20
ISBN 10: 0128095431
ISBN 13: 9780128095430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology Book Review:

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology guides the reader through the historical narrative of the evolution of risk assessment thinking in human and environmental practices. Risk assessment concepts are used in many different professional practice areas. In the health and environmental practices of risk assessment, the critical issue is often what chemical concentration in air, water, food, or a solid substance is acceptable, or considered not to result in any adverse effect. The book reviews examples from early scientific and health studies to showcase the foundations of risk assessment. The book also explores the development of risk assessment as practiced by major regulatory bodies such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reveal how risk assessment has evolved in the 20th and 21st centuries. Modern technology has created opportunities in silicon in vitro, computational modeling, omics, and big data techniques to assess the toxicity of chemicals, while traditional approaches to risk assessment are being challenged with new and innovative approaches. Finally, current issues being debated and tested in risk assessment are outlined with possible future avenues suggested. Presents the first dedicated history on the evolution of risk assessment in toxicology Reviews the development of major US and EU regulatory bodies Provides a context to current debates surrounding the future of risk assessment Reviews examples from early scientific and health studies to showcase the foundations of risk assessment

Toxicology

Toxicology
Author: Hans Marquardt,Siegfried G. Schäfer,Roger O. McClellan,Frank Welsch
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1330
Release: 1999-10-05
ISBN 10: 0080543111
ISBN 13: 9780080543116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicology Book Review:

Toxicology is a comprehensive text for researchers and graduate students in toxicology and public health. It addresses every aspect of the field, starting with the fundamentals and incorporating such areas as organ toxicology, applications, and environmental toxicology. In addition to covering the traditional subject matter of toxicology, special emphasis has been placed on recent areas of interest, such as risk assessment, apoptosis, and methodical developments. Key Features * Comprehensive text, covering all aspects of the field of toxicology * Analyzes the importance of toxicokinetics and metabolism as well as cellular targets for the mechanisms of toxic effects * Identifies the various classes of chemical compounds responsible for the toxic effects * Describes the approaches and methods used by various disciplines which investigate toxic effects and their prevention * Adapted from a very successful German text, this edition is completely revised and expanded * The text is well illustrated with diagrams, charts, and tables

Essentials Of Environmental Toxicology

Essentials Of Environmental Toxicology
Author: William Hughes
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2003-09-02
ISBN 10: 0203362799
ISBN 13: 9780203362792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials Of Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

This introductory text addresses the principles and mechanisms of toxicology as applied to environmentally-encountered toxic agents. Each chapter concludes with review questions that may be used for student self-testing and topics covered include dose response, hazards and risk assessment, determination of toxicity, pesticides, metals, plastics, organic solvents, environmental carcinogens, teratogens and mutagens.

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental Toxicology
Author: J Rose
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2003-09-02
ISBN 10: 0203305515
ISBN 13: 9780203305515
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

Because our chemical environment affects our physical and mental well-being, it is a matter of increasing concern and is therefore attracting much research effort. This timely collection of essays highlights current developments in the field of environmental toxicology. Chapters analyze the carcinogenic, mutagenic, genotoxic, and neurotoxic effects of both anthropogenic and natural toxins in the soil, air, and water around us, as well as in our workplace and diet. The book also examines the effects of toxins on other organisms, as well as the techniques, policies, and management strategies employed in studying and controlling environmental pollutants. It will be an essential reference to a variety of personnel in environmental studies and public health.