Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures

Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures
Author: Richard Sorrentino,Susumu Yamaguchi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2011-04-28
ISBN 10: 9780080560007
ISBN 13: 0080560008
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures Book Review:

In recent years there has been a wealth of new research in cognition, particularly in relation to supporting theoretical constructs about how cognitions are formed, processed, reinforced, and how they then affect behavior. Many of these theories have arisen and been tested in geographic isolation. It remains to be seen whether theories that purport to describe cognition in one culture will equally prove true in other cultures. The Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures is the first book to look at these theories specifically with culture in mind. The book investigates universal truths about motivation and cognition across culture, relative to theories and findings indicating cultural differences. Coverage includes the most widely cited researchers in cognition and their theories- as seen through the looking glass of culture. The chapters include self-regulation by Tory Higgins, unconscious thought by John Bargh, attribution theory by Bernie Weiner, and self-verification by Bill Swann, among others. The book additionally includes some of the best new researchers in cross-cultural psychology, with contributors from Germany, New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong, and Australia. In the future, culture may be the litmus test of a theory before it is accepted, and this book brings this question to the forefront of cognition research. Includes contributions from researchers from Germany, New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong, and Australia for a cross-cultural panel Provides a unique perspective on the effect of culture on scientific theories and data

Motivation for Learning and Performance

Motivation for Learning and Performance
Author: Bobby Hoffman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2015-06-20
ISBN 10: 0128011254
ISBN 13: 9780128011256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Motivation for Learning and Performance Book Review:

Designed for educators, researchers, practitioners, or anyone interested in maximizing human potential, Motivation for Learning and Performance outlines 50 key motivation principles based on the latest scientific evidence from the disciplines of psychology, education, business, athletics, and neurology. Using a highly applied and conversational style, the book is designed to inform the reader about how to diagnosis, analyze, and mediate learning and performance challenges influenced by motivation. The book features chapters on the biopsychology of motivation, how motivation changes across the lifespan, and the important influence of culture on motivated behavior. Three chapters are devoted to practical strategies and the implementation of motivational change. Special sections are included on enhancing motivation at work, in the classroom, in competitive environments, and during online education. Hoffman employs the innovative approach of using his interviews with "real" people including many notable personalities across diverse cultures and disciplines to illustrate motivated behavior. For example, readers will learn what motivated the colossal investment fraud masterminded by Bernie Madoff, the intimate thoughts of former NFL superstar Nick Lowery when he missed a field goal, and the joys and tribulations of Emmy-nominated "Curb your Enthusiasm" actress Cheryl Hines. The book provides a practical, applied, and multi-disciplinary resource for anyone interested in motivation and performance, but especially for university students at the graduate or undergraduate level studying education, psychology, business, leadership, hospitality, sports management, or military science. Additionally, the writing style and eclectic nature of the text will appeal to readers of non-fiction who can use the book to gain self-awareness to enhance performance of themselves or others. Considers motivation for both learning and performance Identifies 50 foundational principles relating to motivation Provides research evidence supporting the foundational principles Includes interviews from famous individuals, identifying what motivated them and why Includes research from psychology, education, neuroscience, business, and sports

Handbook of Cultural Psychology Second Edition

Handbook of Cultural Psychology  Second Edition
Author: Dov Cohen,Shinobu Kitayama
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 930
Release: 2019-02-15
ISBN 10: 1462536239
ISBN 13: 9781462536238
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Cultural Psychology Second Edition Book Review:

Now completely revised (over 90% new), this handbook offers the authoritative presentation of theories, methods, and applications in the dynamic field of cultural psychology. Leading authorities review state-of-the-art empirical research on how culture affects nearly every aspect of human functioning. The volume examines how topics fundamental to psychology--such as cognition, emotion, motivation, development, and mental health--are influenced by cultural meanings and practices. It also addresses the psychological and evolutionary underpinnings of cultural stability and change. The second edition reflects important advances in cultural neuroscience and an increasing emphasis on application, among many other changes. New to This Edition: *Most chapters are new, reflecting nearly a decade of theoretical and methodological developments. *Cutting-edge perspectives on culture and biology, including innovative neuroscientific and biopsychological research. *Section on economic behavior, with new topics including money, negotiation, consumer behavior, and innovation. *Section on the expansion of cultural approaches into religion, social class, subcultures, and race. *Reflects the growth of real-world applications in such areas as cultural learning and adjustment, health and well-being, and terrorism.

The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture

The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture
Author: Michele J. Gelfand,Jeanne M. Brett
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 0804745862
ISBN 13: 9780804745864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture Book Review:

In the global marketplace, negotiation frequently takes place across cultural boundaries, yet negotiation theory has traditionally been grounded in Western culture. This book, which provides an in-depth review of the field of negotiation theory, expands current thinking to include cross-cultural perspectives. The contents of the book reflect the diversity of negotiation—research-negotiator cognition, motivation, emotion, communication, power and disputing, intergroup relationships, third parties, justice, technology, and social dilemmas—and provides new insight into negotiation theory, questioning assumptions, expanding constructs, and identifying limits not apparent from working exclusively within one culture. The book is organized in three sections and pairs chapters on negotiation theory with chapters on culture. The first part emphasizes psychological processes—cognition, motivation, and emotion. Part II examines the negotiation process. The third part emphasizes the social context of negotiation. A final chapter synthesizes the main themes of the book to illustrate how scholars and practitioners can capitalize on the synergy between culture and negotiation research.

Handbook of Cultural Psychology

Handbook of Cultural Psychology
Author: Shinobu Kitayama,Dov Cohen
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 894
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN 10: 1606236113
ISBN 13: 9781606236116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Cultural Psychology Book Review:

Bringing together leading authorities, this definitive handbook provides a comprehensive review of the field of cultural psychology. Major theoretical perspectives are explained, and methodological issues and challenges are discussed. The volume examines how topics fundamental to psychology?identity and social relations, the self, cognition, emotion and motivation, and development?are influenced by cultural meanings and practices. It also presents cutting-edge work on the psychological and evolutionary underpinnings of cultural stability and change. In all, more than 60 contributors have written over 30 chapters covering such diverse areas as food, love, religion, intelligence, language, attachment, narratives, and work.

Handbook of Chinese Organizational Behavior

Handbook of Chinese Organizational Behavior
Author: Xu Huang,Michael Harris Bond
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2012-01-01
ISBN 10: 085793340X
ISBN 13: 9780857933409
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Chinese Organizational Behavior Book Review:

ÔI was once approached by a colleague with the question, ÒYouÕre an expert on China, right?Ó My reply was, ÒNo, I donÕt think anyone is an expert on ChinaÓ. This book is essential study for those travelling in that direction.Õ Ð Romie Frederik Littrell, Journal of International Business This state-of-the-art Handbook encompasses theoretical and empirical research on Chinese organizational behavior over the last two decades of its renaissance, with prominent scholars providing critical reviews of empirical studies in Chinese societies on 14 important topics. This comprehensive Handbook explores limitations and challenges arising from attempts to develop indigenous theories and constructs applicable to Chinese social reality. Key contributors integrate the literature in their topic areas, providing directions for pushing forward the frontiers of research into a more culturally sensitive and powerful representation of Chinese organizational behavior. Areas examined include emotional intelligence, creativity and motivation, leadership, team conflicts, trust, power and business ethics. Experienced practitioner input is included. Scholars interested in research on international business and Chinese work behaviors and their effective management will find much of value in this compilation. Students of management, including organizational behavior, human resource management, strategic management, and international management will also find information and guidance that will prove invaluable as will practitioners who have business connections in China and other Chinese societies.

The Motivation Cognition Interface

The Motivation Cognition Interface
Author: Catalina E. Kopetz,Ayelet Fishbach
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2017-09-11
ISBN 10: 1351694693
ISBN 13: 9781351694698
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Motivation Cognition Interface Book Review:

This volume honors the work of Arie W. Kruglanski. It represents a collection of chapters written by Arie’s former students, friends, and collaborators. The chapters are rather diverse and cover a variety of topics from politics, including international terrorism, to health related issues, such as addiction and self-control, to basic psychological principles, such as motivation and self-regulation, the formation of attitudes, social influence, and interpersonal relationships. What these chapters have in common is that they have all been inspired by Arie’s revolutionary work on human motivation and represent the authors’ attempt to apply the basic principles of motivation to the understanding of diverse phenomena.

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences
Author: David Sander,Klaus Scherer
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2014-02-06
ISBN 10: 0191021016
ISBN 13: 9780191021015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences Book Review:

Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness
Author: Amanda Ie,Christelle T. Ngnoumen,Ellen J. Langer
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1248
Release: 2014-03-12
ISBN 10: 1118294912
ISBN 13: 9781118294918
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness Book Review:

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness brings together the latest multi-disciplinary research on mindfulness from a group of international scholars: Examines the origins and key theories of the two dominant Western approaches to mindfulness Compares, contrasts, and integrates insights from the social psychological and Eastern-derived perspectives Discusses the implications for mindfulness across a range of fields, including consciousness and cognition, education, creativity, leadership and organizational behavior, law, medical practice and therapy, well-being, and sports 2 Volumes

The Handbook of Culture and Psychology

The Handbook of Culture and Psychology
Author: David Matsumoto,Hyisung C. Hwang
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 880
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 0190679743
ISBN 13: 9780190679743
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Culture and Psychology Book Review:

Cultural and cross-cultural psychology and research continue to make strong contributions to mainstream psychology. Researchers and theoreticians from all parts of the globe increasingly contribute to this endeavor, enabling cultural and cross-cultural psychology and research to be one of the most exciting areas of study in psychology. This book describes the continued evolution and advancement of the main research domains of cultural and cross-cultural psychology. Renowned authors not only review the state-of-the-art in their respective fields but also describe the challenges and opportunities that their respective research domains face in the future. New chapters cover the teaching of a culturally informed psychology and the increasing changes and advancements of cultures and societies around the world and their impact on individual psychologies. This volume covers standard areas of well-studied concepts such as development, cognition, emotion, personality, psychopathology, psychotherapy, and acculturation, as well as emerging areas such as multicultural identities, cultural neuroscience, and religion. It is a must read for all culturally informed scholars, both beginning and experienced.

The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law

The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law
Author: Eyal Zamir,Doron Teichman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2014-09-16
ISBN 10: 0199397953
ISBN 13: 9780199397952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law Book Review:

The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.

Implicit Motives

Implicit Motives
Author: Oliver Schultheiss,Joachim Brunstein
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2010-02-18
ISBN 10: 9780199715046
ISBN 13: 0199715041
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implicit Motives Book Review:

- How do unconscious motivational needs (i.e., implicit motives) influence physiological, cognitive, affective, and behavioral responses to incentives? - How can implicit motives be measured? - How are they shaped by culture, how do they influence political and societal processes? - Why are they often mismatched with the explicit beliefs people have about their motivational needs and what are the consequences of such mismatches? - How can we use knowledge about implicit motives in clinical, business, and school contexts to help people achieve their goals? These are some of the topics this comprehensive book presents in 18 clearly written chapters, contributed by leading authorities in the field. It represents a state-of-the-art reference for all researchers and practitioners interested in human motivation. Bringing together exciting new research on a central topic in human motivation, this volume is an important addition to the libraries of personality, social, and cognitive psychologists, affective and social neuroscientists, clinical psychologists, as well as graduate students in these fields and practitioners.

Symposium

Symposium
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2009
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105063783380
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Symposium Book Review:

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1816
Release: 2010-06-03
ISBN 10: 0080453961
ISBN 13: 9780080453965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book Review:

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The Handbook of Cross Cultural Management Research

The Handbook of Cross Cultural Management Research
Author: Peter B. Smith,Mark F. Peterson,David C. Thomas
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2008-05-22
ISBN 10: 1483342697
ISBN 13: 9781483342696
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Cross Cultural Management Research Book Review:

Renowned international experts Peter B. Smith, Mark F. Peterson, and David C. Thomas, editors of the The Handbook of Cross-Cultural Management, have drawn together scholars in the field of management from around the world to contribute vital information from their cross-national studies to this innovative, comprehensive tome. Chapters explore links between people and organizations, providing useful cultural perspectives on the most significant topics in the field of organizational behavior—such as motivation, human resource management, and leadership —and answering many of the field's most controversial methodological questions. Key Features Presents innovative perspectives on the cultural context of organizations: In addition to straightforward coverage of structures and processes, this Handbook addresses locally distinctive, indigenous views of organizational processes from around the world and considers the interplay of climate and wealth when analyzing how organizations operate. Offers an integrated theoretical framework: At the start of each substantive section, the Editors provide context for the upcoming chapters by discussing how prevalent cultures in different parts of the world place emphasis on particular aspects of organizational processes and outcomes. Boasts a global group of contributing scholars: This Handbook features contributing authors from around the world who represent an outstanding mix of respected, long-standing scholars in cross-cultural management as well as newer names already impacting the literature. Provides an authoritative agenda for the future development of the field: All chapters conclude with a list of promising avenues for further research and a focus on issues that remain unresolved. Intended Audience This Handbook is an ideal resource for researchers, instructors, professionals, and graduate students in fields of business, management, and psychology.

The Praeger Handbook of Personality Across Cultures 3 volumes

The Praeger Handbook of Personality Across Cultures  3 volumes
Author: A. Timothy Church Ph.D.
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 999
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN 10: 1440841047
ISBN 13: 9781440841040
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Praeger Handbook of Personality Across Cultures 3 volumes Book Review:

This important multivolume work sheds light on current—and future—research on cultural universals and differences in personality in their evolutionary, ecological, and cultural contexts. • Uniquely brings together diverse topics and theoretical viewpoints related to personality across cultures, including cross-cultural, cultural, indigenous, evolutionary, and neuroscientific perspectives • Provides a thorough picture of current knowledge as well as directions for future research • Comprises 31 chapters by leading international researchers discussing their respective areas of expertise • Addresses personality broadly defined to include universal and indigenous traits, personality types, the self, emotion, motivation, values, beliefs, and life narratives • Draws on cultural samples from every continent except Antarctica

Social Psychological Perspectives

Social Psychological Perspectives
Author: Martin L. Maehr,Stuart A. Karabenick,Timothy C. Urdan
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2008-09-01
ISBN 10: 9781848550308
ISBN 13: 1848550308
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Psychological Perspectives Book Review:

Suitable for motivation researchers, this volume presents social-psychological approaches to the study of motivation and achievement, and chapters that cover a broad range of topics, from the influence of peers to the influence of color, on motivation and achievement.

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment
Author: Gregory J Boyle,Gerald Matthews,Donald H Saklofske
Publsiher: SAGE Publications Limited
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2008-07-15
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39076002805302
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment Book Review:

This Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment 2-Volume Set constitutes an essential resource for shaping the future of the scientific foundation of personality research, measurement, and practice. It reviews the major contemporary personality models (Volume 1) and associated psychometric measurement instruments (Volume 2) that underpin the scientific study of this important area of psychology. With contributions from internationally renowned academics, this work will be an important reference work for a host of researchers and practitioners in the fields of individual differences and personality assessment, clinical psychology, educational psychology, work and organizational psychology, health psychology and other applied fields as well. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models. Deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments and covers the following broad topics, listed by section heading: " Explanatory Models For Personality " Comprehensive Trait Models " Key Traits: Psychobiology " Key Traits: Self-Regulation And Stress " New Trait And Dynamic Trait Constructs " Applications

The Psychology of Social and Cultural Diversity

The Psychology of Social and Cultural Diversity
Author: Richard J. Crisp
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2011-07-05
ISBN 10: 1444390481
ISBN 13: 9781444390483
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Psychology of Social and Cultural Diversity Book Review:

Promoting a scholarly understanding of the psychology of social and cultural diversity in the early stages of 21st century, this volume encourages an in-depth appreciation of the value in diversity while directly addressing social intervention and policy implications. Offers, for the very first time, an integrated approach to the issues raised by increasingly complex representations of social identity Explores the psychological implications and applications of new forms of social and cultural diversity Includes research from a diverse range of scholars that covers a broad spectrum of sub-disciplines Discusses how the applications of multiculturalism and diversity research can encourage more positive intergroup relations Develops an in depth understanding and appreciation of the value of social and cultural diversity

Bridging Differences

Bridging Differences
Author: William B. Gudykunst
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 425
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 0761929371
ISBN 13: 9780761929376
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bridging Differences Book Review:

Bridging Differences: Effective Intergroup Communication is based on the assumption that the processes operating when we communicate with people from other groups are the same processes operating when we communicate with people from our own groups. Author William B. Gudykunst has written this book from the perspective of "communicating with strangers" and addresses how factors related to our group memberships (e.g., inaccurate and unfavorable stereotypes of members of other cultures and ethnic groups) can cause us to misinterpret the messages we receive from members of those groups. Designed for students taking courses in Intercultural Communication or Intergroup Communication, Bridging Differences is also useful for many courses in Cultural Studies, Anthropology, Sociology, and Management.