Global Mental Health and Neuroethics

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics
Author: Dan J. Stein,Ilina Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2020-01-13
ISBN 10: 0128150645
ISBN 13: 9780128150641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics Book Review:

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics explores conceptual, ethical and clinical issues that have emerged with the expansion of clinical neuroscience into middle- and low-income countries. Conceptual issues covered include avoiding scientism and skepticism in global mental health, integrating evidence-based and value-based global medicine, and developing a welfarist approach to the practice of global psychiatry. Ethical issues addressed include those raised by developments in neurogenetics, cosmetic psychopharmacology and deep brain stimulation. Perspectives drawing on global mental health and neuroethics are used to explore a number of different clinical disorders and developmental stages, ranging from childhood through to old age. Synthesizes existing work at the intersection of global mental health and neuroethics Presents the work of leading practitioners of global mental health and neuroethics who address clinical issues Looks at clinical decision-making in settings with non-Western values and customs Covers patient empowerment, human rights, cognitive enhancement, and more

Mental Health as Public Health Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention

Mental Health as Public Health  Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-09-20
ISBN 10: 0128167572
ISBN 13: 9780128167571
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mental Health as Public Health Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention Book Review:

In recent years there has been increased recognition of the global burden of mental disorders, which in turn has led to the expansion of preventive initiatives at the community and population levels. The application of such public health approaches to mental health raises a number of important ethical questions. The aim of this collection is to address these newly emerging issues, with special attention to the principle of prevention and the distinctive ethical challenges in mental health. The collection brings together an interdisciplinary group of experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health. Compared to other public health initiatives, those directed towards mental health are relatively new and have yet to receive sustained ethical analysis. This is the first edited volume to highlight the distinctive ethical issues surrounding public mental health. The individual chapters contain cutting-edge, original research by an interdisciplinary collection of authors, including experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health.

Global Mental Health

Global Mental Health
Author: Sabine Bährer-Kohler,Francisco Javier Carod-Artal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2017-10-06
ISBN 10: 3319591231
ISBN 13: 9783319591230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Mental Health Book Review:

This international survey defines mental health as a basic human right, and tracks the emergence of mental health prevention and promotion as a global priority. Locating mental illness within a cycle of negative causes and effects affecting human quality of life, the editors identify modern policy barriers to promotion/prevention initiatives, particularly the favoring of the biomedical health model by major stakeholders. The book’s selection of successful programs from diverse countries displays a lifespan approach, emphasizing the centrality of interdisciplinary educational settings in providing primary and secondary prevention and promotion interventions, and the ongoing fight against missing financial investigations, discrimination and stigma. Together, these papers make a forceful argument for rights- based responses to worldwide mental health needs as part of the commitment toward global human rights and long-term development goals. Included in the coverage: · Mental health priorities around the world. · Social determinants of mental health. · Mental health and stigma: aspects of anti-stigma interventions. · Promoting social and emotional wellbeing and responding to mental health problems in schools. · The promotion and delivery of mental health services in primary care settings. · Economic evaluation of mental health promotion and mental illness prevention. Bringing to the fore public health concerns that are too often marginalized, Global Mental Health is necessary reading for health professionals, health and clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, medical sociologists, and policymakers.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 0198786832
ISBN 13: 9780198786832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroethics Book Review:

Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. But with the development of tools that can manipulate brain function, there are pressing ethical implications to this newfound knowledge of how the brain works. In Neuroethics: Anticipating theFuture, a distinguished group of contributors tackle current and critical ethical questions and offer forward-looking insights. What new balances should be struck between diagnosis and prediction, or invasive and non-invasive interventions, given the rapid advances in neuroscience? Are new criteria needed for the clinical definition of death for those eligible for organ donation? As data from emerging technologies are madeavailable on public databases, what frameworks will maximize benefits while ensuring privacy of health information? These challenging questions, along with numerous other neuroethical concerns, are discussed in depth. Written by eminent scholars from diverse disciplines including neurology and neuroscience, ethics and law, public health and philosophy, this new volume on neuroethics sets out the many necessary considerations for the future. It is essential reading for the field of neuroethics, neurosciences andpsychology, and an invaluable resource for physicians in neurological medicine, academics in humanities and law, and health policy makers.

Addiction Neuroethics

Addiction Neuroethics
Author: Adrian Carter,Wayne Hall
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN 10: 1139504673
ISBN 13: 9781139504676
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Addiction Neuroethics Book Review:

Addiction is a significant health and social problem and one of the largest preventable causes of disease globally. Neuroscience promises to revolutionise our ability to treat addiction, lead to recognition of addiction as a 'real' disorder in need of medical treatment and thereby reduce stigma and discrimination. However, neuroscience raises numerous social and ethical challenges: • If addicted individuals are suffering from a brain disease that drives them to drug use, should we mandate treatment? • Does addiction impair an individual's ability to consent to research or treatment? • How will neuroscience affect social policies towards drug use? Addiction Neuroethics addresses these challenges by examining ethical implications of emerging neurobiological treatments, including: novel psychopharmacology, neurosurgery, drug vaccines to prevent relapse, and genetic screening to identify individuals who are vulnerable to addiction. Essential reading for academics, clinicians, researchers and policy-makers in the fields of addiction, mental health and public policy.

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes,Barbara J. Sahakian
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2011-04-07
ISBN 10: 0191620912
ISBN 13: 9780191620911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics Book Review:

The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it. A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

Decolonizing Global Mental Health

Decolonizing Global Mental Health
Author: China Mills
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2014-04-11
ISBN 10: 1135080437
ISBN 13: 9781135080433
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decolonizing Global Mental Health Book Review:

Decolonizing Global Mental Health is a book that maps a strange irony. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Movement for Global Mental Health are calling to ‘scale up’ access to psychological and psychiatric treatments globally, particularly within the global South. Simultaneously, in the global North, psychiatry and its often chemical treatments are coming under increased criticism (from both those who take the medication and those in the position to prescribe it). The book argues that it is imperative to explore what counts as evidence within Global Mental Health, and seeks to de-familiarize current ‘Western’ conceptions of psychology and psychiatry using postcolonial theory. It leads us to wonder whether we should call for equality in global access to psychiatry, whether everyone should have the right to a psychotropic citizenship and whether mental health can, or should, be global. As such, it is ideal reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as researchers in the fields of critical psychology and psychiatry, social and health psychology, cultural studies, public health and social work.

Psychiatric Neuroethics

Psychiatric Neuroethics
Author: Walter Glannon
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2019-01-10
ISBN 10: 0198758855
ISBN 13: 9780198758853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychiatric Neuroethics Book Review:

Advances in psychiatric research and clinical psychiatry in the last 30 years have given rise to a host of new questions that lie at the intersection of psychiatry, neuroscience, philosophy and law. Such questions include: -Are psychiatric disorders diseases of the brain, caused by dysfunctional neural circuits and neurotransmitters? -What role do genes, neuro-endocrine, neuro-immune interactions and the environment play in the development of these disorders? -How do different explanations of the etiology and pathophysiology of mental illness influence diagnosis, prognosis and decisions about treatment? -Would it be rational for a person with a chronic treatment-resistant disorder to request euthanasia or assisted suicide to end their suffering? -Could psychiatric disorders be predicted and prevented? Psychiatric Neuroethics explores these questions in a comprehensive and systematic way, discussing the medical and philosophical implications of neuroscience and the Research Domain Criteria (RDoc) in the fields of psychiatry and mental health. It examines the extent to which circuit-based criteria can offer a satisfactory explanation of psychiatric disorders and how they compare with the symptom-based criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMV). This book will be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience, including psychiatrists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, philosophers, psychologists and legal theorists.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Martha J. Farah
Publsiher: Mit Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0262514605
ISBN 13: 9780262514606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroethics Book Review:

Neuroethics : an overview -- Better brains -- Brain, self, and authenticity -- Brain reading -- Neuroscience and justice -- Brains and persons.

Re Visioning Psychiatry

Re Visioning Psychiatry
Author: Laurence J. Kirmayer,Robert Lemelson,Constance A. Cummings
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 563
Release: 2015-07-29
ISBN 10: 1107032202
ISBN 13: 9781107032200
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Re Visioning Psychiatry Book Review:

Revisioning Psychiatry brings together new perspectives on the causes and treatment of mental health problems. The contributors emphasize the importance of understanding experience and explore how the brain, the person, and the social world interact to give rise to mental health problems as well as resilience and recovery.

Handbook of Neuroethics

Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: Jens Clausen,Neil Levy
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1850
Release: 2014-10-28
ISBN 10: 9789400747067
ISBN 13: 9400747063
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Neuroethics Book Review:

Based on the study of neuroscientific developments and innovations, examined from different angles, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the international neuroethical debate, and offers unprecedented insights into the impact of neuroscientific research, diagnosis, and therapy. Neuroethics – as a multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary endeavor – examines the implications of the neurosciences for human beings in general and for their self-understanding and their social interactions in particular. The range of approaches adopted in neuroethics and thus in this handbook includes but is not limited to historical, anthropological, ethical, philosophical, theological, sociological and legal approaches. The Handbook deals with a plethora of topics, divided into in three parts: the first part contains discussions of theories of neuroethics and how neuroscience impacts on our understanding of personal identity, free will, and other philosophical concepts. The second part is dedicated to issues involved in current and future clinical applications of neurosciences, such as brain stimulation, brain imaging, prosthetics, addiction, and psychiatric ethics. The final part deals with neuroethics and society and includes chapters on neurolaw, neurotheology, neuromarketing, and enhancement.

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense
Author: James Giordano
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2014-09-25
ISBN 10: 1482228335
ISBN 13: 9781482228335
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense Book Review:

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Neuroethical Concerns is the second volume in the Advances in Neurotechnology series. It specifically addresses the neuroethical, legal, and social issues arising from the use of neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas and applications. Of particular concern are the use of various neurotechnologies in military and intelligence operations training, acquisition of neurobiological and cognitive data for intelligence and security, military medical operations, warfighter performance augmentation, and weaponization of neuroscience and neurotechnology. The contributors discuss the neuroethical questions and problems that these applications generate as well as potential solutions that may be required and developed. The book examines how developments in neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas are impacted by and affect ethical values and constructs, legal considerations, and overall conduct of the social sphere. Presenting an integrative perspective, leading international experts lay the scientific groundwork and establish the premises necessary to appreciate the ethical aspects of neurotechnology in national security and defense. It is not a question of "if" neurotechnology will be used in such ways, but when, how, and to what extent. Therefore, it is imperative to foster a deeper understanding of neurotechnology, the problems and debates arising from its use in national security and defense, and how such issues can and should be addressed. In doing so, we can guide and govern the use of these innovative neurotechnologies in ways that uphold ethical accountability.

Human Enhancement Drugs

Human Enhancement Drugs
Author: Katinka van de Ven,Kyle J. D. Mulrooney,Jim McVeigh
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-07-02
ISBN 10: 1351373838
ISBN 13: 9781351373838
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Enhancement Drugs Book Review:

Despite increasing interest in the use of human enhancement drugs (HEDs), our understanding of this phenomenon and the regulatory framework used to address it has lagged behind. Encompassing public health, epidemiology, neuroethics, sport science, criminology, and sociology, this book brings together a broad spectrum of scholarly insights and research expertise from leading authorities to examine key international issues in the field of HEDs. As "traditional" and other "new" drug markets have occupied much of the academic attention, there has been a lack of scholarly focus on human enhancement drugs. This book provides readers with a much-needed understanding of the illicit drug market of HEDs. The authors, from a variety of cultural contexts, disciplines and perspectives, include both academics and practitioners. Topics explored in this collection amongst others include: • The anti-doping industry and performance and image enhancing drugs • Steroids and gender • The use of cognitive enhancing drugs in academia • The use of sunless synthetic tanning products • The (online) trade of HEDs • Regulations of the enhancement drugs market This collection will serve as a reference for students, academics, practitioners, law enforcement and others working in this area to reflect on the current state of research and consider future priorities. This detailed exploration will provide a valuable knowledge base for those interested in human enhancement drugs, while also promoting critical discussion.

A Century of Ideas

A Century of Ideas
Author: B. G. Sidharth
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 207
Release: 2008-04-05
ISBN 10: 9781402043604
ISBN 13: 1402043600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Century of Ideas Book Review:

Shortly after its inauguration in 1985 the Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad, India, started a series of lectures by Nobel Laureates and other scientists of international renown, mostly on Physics and Astronomy. The present collection mostly consists of lectures on frontier topics. The transcript of each lecture is preceded by a short biography of the Nobel Laureate/Scientist in question. The lectures are aimed at a wide non-specialist but higher educated audience.

Ethical Challenges in Digital Psychology and Cyberpsychology

Ethical Challenges in Digital Psychology and Cyberpsychology
Author: Thomas D. Parsons
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-11-30
ISBN 10: 1108428789
ISBN 13: 9781108428781
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical Challenges in Digital Psychology and Cyberpsychology Book Review:

Explores the ethical issues of cyberpsychology research and praxes, which arise in algorithmically paired people and technologies.

The Master and His Emissary

The Master and His Emissary
Author: Iain McGilchrist
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2019-03-26
ISBN 10: 0300245920
ISBN 13: 9780300245929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Master and His Emissary Book Review:

A new edition of the bestselling classic – published with a special introduction to mark its 10th anniversary This pioneering account sets out to understand the structure of the human brain – the place where mind meets matter. Until recently, the left hemisphere of our brain has been seen as the ‘rational’ side, the superior partner to the right. But is this distinction true? Drawing on a vast body of experimental research, Iain McGilchrist argues while our left brain makes for a wonderful servant, it is a very poor master. As he shows, it is the right side which is the more reliable and insightful. Without it, our world would be mechanistic – stripped of depth, colour and value.

Mental Health and Human Rights

Mental Health and Human Rights
Author: Michael Dudley,Derrick Silove,Fran Gale
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2012-06-21
ISBN 10: 0199213968
ISBN 13: 9780199213962
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mental Health and Human Rights Book Review:

People with mental disorders often suffer the worst conditions of life - a problem exacerbated by social stigma. In practice, the international community still tends to prioritise human rights in a manner that largely ignores mental health, which in turn remains in the shadow of physical-health programs. This book is the first comprehensive survey of the mental health/human rights relationship. It examines the relationships and histories of mental health and human rights, and their interconnections with law, culture, ethnicity, class, economics, biology, and stigma. It investigates the responsibilities of states in securing the rights of those with mental disabilities, the predicaments of specific vulnerable groups, and the challenge of promoting and protecting mental health in general.

Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine

Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine
Author: Christiaan Schiepers
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2006-01-30
ISBN 10: 3540300058
ISBN 13: 9783540300052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine Book Review:

2nd edition - totally updated and revised. Provides the latest update on procedures in nuclear medicine. Documents the role of PET in oncology and introduces dual modality imaging with PET/CT. Includes sections on molecular imaging and future prospects. Represents an adjunct to standard knowledge of diagnostic nuclear medicine.

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security
Author: Nicholas G. Evans
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2021-05-25
ISBN 10: 0429824149
ISBN 13: 9780429824142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security Book Review:

New advances in neuroscience promise innovations in national security, especially in the areas of law enforcement, intelligence collection, and armed conflict. But ethical questions emerge about how we can, and should, use these innovations. This book draws on the open literature to map the development of neuroscience, particularly through funding by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, in certain areas like behavior prediction, behavior modification, and neuroenhancement, and its use in the creation of novel weapons. It shows how advances in neuroscience and new technologies raise ethical issues that challenge the norms of law enforcement, intelligence collection, and armed conflict, broadly grouped under the term "national security." Increasing technological sophistication without attention to ethics, this book argues, risks creating conditions for the development of "dual-use" technologies that may be prone to misuse, are grounded in an incomplete understanding of the brain, or are based on a limited view of the political contexts in which these technologies arise. A concluding section looks at policy and regulatory options that might promote the benefits of emerging neuroscience, while mitigating attendant risks. Key Features: First broad survey of the ethics of neuroscience as it applies to national security Innovative ethical analysis over a range of cross-cutting technologies including behavior prediction and modification tools, human enhancement, and novel lethal and nonlethal weapons Ethical analysis covering all stages from the development, testing, and use (or misuse) of these technologies; and decisions from the individual scientist to the nation state Strong policy focus at multiple levels, from self-governance to international regulation Combination of philosophical analysis with grounded, practical recommendations

The Routledge Companion to Bioethics

The Routledge Companion to Bioethics
Author: John D. Arras,Elizabeth Fenton,Rebecca Kukla
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2014-12-05
ISBN 10: 1136644830
ISBN 13: 9781136644832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Bioethics Book Review:

The Routledge Companion to Bioethics is a comprehensive reference guide to a wide range of contemporary concerns in bioethics. The volume orients the reader in a changing landscape shaped by globalization, health disparities, and rapidly advancing technologies. Bioethics has begun a turn toward a systematic concern with social justice, population health, and public policy. While also covering more traditional topics, this volume fully captures this recent shift and foreshadows the resulting developments in bioethics. It highlights emerging issues such as climate change, transgender, and medical tourism, and re-examines enduring topics, such as autonomy, end-of-life care, and resource allocation.