Global Mental Health and Neuroethics

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics
Author: Dan J. Stein
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2020-01-17
ISBN 10: 0128150637
ISBN 13: 9780128150634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics Book Review:

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics explores conceptual, ethical and clinical issues that have emerged with the expansion of clinical neuroscience into middle- and low-income countries. Conceptual issues covered include avoiding scientism and skepticism in global mental health, integrating evidence-based and value-based global medicine, and developing a welfarist approach to the practice of global psychiatry. Ethical issues addressed include those raised by developments in neurogenetics, cosmetic psychopharmacology and deep brain stimulation. Perspectives drawing on global mental health and neuroethics are used to explore a number of different clinical disorders and developmental stages, ranging from childhood through to old age. Synthesizes existing work at the intersection of global mental health and neuroethics Presents the work of leading practitioners of global mental health and neuroethics who address clinical issues Looks at clinical decision-making in settings with non-Western values and customs Covers patient empowerment, human rights, cognitive enhancement, and more

Global Mental Health

Global Mental Health
Author: Sabine Bährer-Kohler,Francisco Javier Carod-Artal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2017-10-06
ISBN 10: 3319591231
ISBN 13: 9783319591230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Mental Health Book Review:

This international survey defines mental health as a basic human right, and tracks the emergence of mental health prevention and promotion as a global priority. Locating mental illness within a cycle of negative causes and effects affecting human quality of life, the editors identify modern policy barriers to promotion/prevention initiatives, particularly the favoring of the biomedical health model by major stakeholders. The book’s selection of successful programs from diverse countries displays a lifespan approach, emphasizing the centrality of interdisciplinary educational settings in providing primary and secondary prevention and promotion interventions, and the ongoing fight against missing financial investigations, discrimination and stigma. Together, these papers make a forceful argument for rights- based responses to worldwide mental health needs as part of the commitment toward global human rights and long-term development goals. Included in the coverage: · Mental health priorities around the world. · Social determinants of mental health. · Mental health and stigma: aspects of anti-stigma interventions. · Promoting social and emotional wellbeing and responding to mental health problems in schools. · The promotion and delivery of mental health services in primary care settings. · Economic evaluation of mental health promotion and mental illness prevention. Bringing to the fore public health concerns that are too often marginalized, Global Mental Health is necessary reading for health professionals, health and clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, medical sociologists, and policymakers.

Mental Health as Public Health Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention

Mental Health as Public Health  Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-09-20
ISBN 10: 0128167572
ISBN 13: 9780128167571
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mental Health as Public Health Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention Book Review:

In recent years there has been increased recognition of the global burden of mental disorders, which in turn has led to the expansion of preventive initiatives at the community and population levels. The application of such public health approaches to mental health raises a number of important ethical questions. The aim of this collection is to address these newly emerging issues, with special attention to the principle of prevention and the distinctive ethical challenges in mental health. The collection brings together an interdisciplinary group of experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health. Compared to other public health initiatives, those directed towards mental health are relatively new and have yet to receive sustained ethical analysis. This is the first edited volume to highlight the distinctive ethical issues surrounding public mental health. The individual chapters contain cutting-edge, original research by an interdisciplinary collection of authors, including experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health.

Bioprediction Biomarkers and Bad Behavior

Bioprediction  Biomarkers  and Bad Behavior
Author: Ilina Singh,Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong,Julian Savulecu
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2013-11
ISBN 10: 0199844186
ISBN 13: 9780199844180
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioprediction Biomarkers and Bad Behavior Book Review:

Many decisions in law and elsewhere depend on predictions of crimes and mental illnesses. Can biology make these predictions more accurate? Do we want our government to use biology in this way? These questions and more are discussed in this volume by prominent scientists, ethicists, and legal scholars.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 0198786832
ISBN 13: 9780198786832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroethics Book Review:

Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. But with the development of tools that can manipulate brain function, there are pressing ethical implications to this newfound knowledge of how the brain works. In Neuroethics: Anticipating theFuture, a distinguished group of contributors tackle current and critical ethical questions and offer forward-looking insights. What new balances should be struck between diagnosis and prediction, or invasive and non-invasive interventions, given the rapid advances in neuroscience? Are new criteria needed for the clinical definition of death for those eligible for organ donation? As data from emerging technologies are madeavailable on public databases, what frameworks will maximize benefits while ensuring privacy of health information? These challenging questions, along with numerous other neuroethical concerns, are discussed in depth. Written by eminent scholars from diverse disciplines including neurology and neuroscience, ethics and law, public health and philosophy, this new volume on neuroethics sets out the many necessary considerations for the future. It is essential reading for the field of neuroethics, neurosciences andpsychology, and an invaluable resource for physicians in neurological medicine, academics in humanities and law, and health policy makers.

Foundation of Ethics Based Practices

Foundation of Ethics Based Practices
Author: Birthe Loa Knizek,Sven Hroar Klempe
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2022-01-01
ISBN 10: 3030836665
ISBN 13: 9783030836665
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundation of Ethics Based Practices Book Review:

This book contrasts earlier textbooks on “evidence-based practices.” Whereas the latter is a slogan that call for scientific evidence to be used in standardized treatment manuals, ethics-based practices call for individualized treatment that makes the situation meaningful for the patient. The main argument for changing the treatment design from being evidence-based to one based on ethics, is the hypothesis that good health care is based on treatment which makes the situation positive and meaningful for the patient. The awareness for this is primarily provided by ethical considerations.

Mental Health in a Digital World

Mental Health in a Digital World
Author: Dan J. Stein,Naomi A Fineberg,Samuel R. Chamberlain
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2021-11-13
ISBN 10: 0128222026
ISBN 13: 9780128222027
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mental Health in a Digital World Book Review:

Mental Health in a Digital World addresses mental health assessments and interventions using digital technology, including mobile phones, wearable devices and related technologies. Sections discuss mental health data collection and analysis for purposes of assessment and treatment, including the use of electronic medical records and information technologies to improve services and research, the use of digital technologies to enhance communication, psychoeducation, screening for mental disorders, the problematic use of the internet, including internet gambling and gaming, cybersex and cyberchondria, and internet interventions, ranging from online psychotherapy to mobile phone apps and virtual reality adjuncts to psychotherapy. Reviews research and applications of digital technology to mental health Includes digital technologies for assessment, intervention, communication and education Addresses data collection and analysis, service delivery and the therapeutic relationship Discusses the E-related disorders that complicate digital intervention

Causal Explanation in Psychiatry Beyond Scientism and Scepticism

Causal Explanation in Psychiatry   Beyond Scientism and Scepticism
Author: Annemarie Kalis,Derek Strijbos,Leon de Bruin,Gerrit Glas
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-07-12
ISBN 10: 2889452298
ISBN 13: 9782889452293
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Causal Explanation in Psychiatry Beyond Scientism and Scepticism Book Review:

Recovery s Edge

Recovery s Edge
Author: Neely Laurenzo Myers
Publsiher: Vanderbilt University Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2015-12-18
ISBN 10: 0826520812
ISBN 13: 9780826520814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recovery s Edge Book Review:

In 2003 the Bush Administration's New Freedom Commission asked mental health service providers to begin promoting "recovery" rather than churning out long-term, "chronic" mental health service users. Recovery's Edge sends us to urban America to view the inner workings of a mental health clinic run, in part, by people who are themselves "in recovery" from mental illness. In this provocative narrative, Neely Myers sweeps us up in her own journey through three years of ethnographic research at this unusual site, providing a nuanced account of different approaches to mental health care. Recovery's Edge critically examines the high bar we set for people in recovery through intimate stories of people struggling to find meaningful work, satisfying relationships, and independent living. This book is a recipient of the Norman L. and Roselea J. Goldberg Prize from Vanderbilt University Press for the best book in the area of medicine.

Psychiatric Neuroethics

Psychiatric Neuroethics
Author: Walter Glannon
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2019-01-10
ISBN 10: 0198758855
ISBN 13: 9780198758853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychiatric Neuroethics Book Review:

Advances in psychiatric research and clinical psychiatry in the last 30 years have given rise to a host of new questions that lie at the intersection of psychiatry, neuroscience, philosophy and law. Such questions include: -Are psychiatric disorders diseases of the brain, caused by dysfunctional neural circuits and neurotransmitters? -What role do genes, neuro-endocrine, neuro-immune interactions and the environment play in the development of these disorders? -How do different explanations of the etiology and pathophysiology of mental illness influence diagnosis, prognosis and decisions about treatment? -Would it be rational for a person with a chronic treatment-resistant disorder to request euthanasia or assisted suicide to end their suffering? -Could psychiatric disorders be predicted and prevented? Psychiatric Neuroethics explores these questions in a comprehensive and systematic way, discussing the medical and philosophical implications of neuroscience and the Research Domain Criteria (RDoc) in the fields of psychiatry and mental health. It examines the extent to which circuit-based criteria can offer a satisfactory explanation of psychiatric disorders and how they compare with the symptom-based criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMV). This book will be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience, including psychiatrists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, philosophers, psychologists and legal theorists.

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes,Barbara J. Sahakian
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2011-04-07
ISBN 10: 0191620912
ISBN 13: 9780191620911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics Book Review:

The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it. A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

Living with Dementia

Living with Dementia
Author: Veljko Dubljević,Frances Bottenberg
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2021-01-22
ISBN 10: 3030620735
ISBN 13: 9783030620738
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Living with Dementia Book Review:

This book addresses current issues in the neuroscience and ethics of dementia care, including philosophical as well as ethical legal, and social issues (ELSIs), issues in clinical, institutional, and private care-giving, and international perspectives on dementia and care innovations. As such, it is a must-read for anyone interested in a well-researched, thought-provoking overview of current issues in dementia diagnosis, care, and social and legal policy. All contributions reflect the latest neuroscientific research on dementia, either broadly construed or in terms of the etiologies and symptoms of particular forms of dementia. Given its interdisciplinary and international scope, its depth of research, and its qualitative emphasis, the book represents a valuable addition to the available literature on neuroethics, gerontology, and neuroscientific memory research.

Re Visioning Psychiatry

Re Visioning Psychiatry
Author: Laurence J. Kirmayer,Robert Lemelson,Constance A. Cummings
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 563
Release: 2015-07-29
ISBN 10: 1107032202
ISBN 13: 9781107032200
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Re Visioning Psychiatry Book Review:

Revisioning Psychiatry brings together new perspectives on the causes and treatment of mental health problems. The contributors emphasize the importance of understanding experience and explore how the brain, the person, and the social world interact to give rise to mental health problems as well as resilience and recovery.

Addiction Neuroethics

Addiction Neuroethics
Author: Adrian Carter,Wayne Hall
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN 10: 1139504673
ISBN 13: 9781139504676
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Addiction Neuroethics Book Review:

Addiction is a significant health and social problem and one of the largest preventable causes of disease globally. Neuroscience promises to revolutionise our ability to treat addiction, lead to recognition of addiction as a 'real' disorder in need of medical treatment and thereby reduce stigma and discrimination. However, neuroscience raises numerous social and ethical challenges: • If addicted individuals are suffering from a brain disease that drives them to drug use, should we mandate treatment? • Does addiction impair an individual's ability to consent to research or treatment? • How will neuroscience affect social policies towards drug use? Addiction Neuroethics addresses these challenges by examining ethical implications of emerging neurobiological treatments, including: novel psychopharmacology, neurosurgery, drug vaccines to prevent relapse, and genetic screening to identify individuals who are vulnerable to addiction. Essential reading for academics, clinicians, researchers and policy-makers in the fields of addiction, mental health and public policy.

Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry IV

Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry IV
Author: Kenneth S. Kendler,Josef Parnas
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2017-03-30
ISBN 10: 0198796021
ISBN 13: 9780198796022
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry IV Book Review:

The revisions of both DSM-IV and ICD-10 have again focused the interest of the field of psychiatry and clinical psychology on the issue of nosology. This interest has been further heightened by a series of controversies associated with the development of DSM-5 including the fate of proposedrevisions of the personality disorders, bereavement, and the autism spectrum. Major debate arose within the DSM process about the criteria for changing criteria, leading to the creation of first the Scientific Review Committee and then a series of other oversight committees which weighed in on thefinal debates on the most controversial proposed additions to DSM-5, providing important influences on the final decisions. Contained within these debates were a range of conceptual and philosophical issues. Some of these - such as the definition of mental disorder or the problems of psychiatric"epidemics" - have been with the field for a long time. Others - the concept of epistemic iteration as a framework for the introduction of nosologic change - are quite new.This book reviews issues within psychiatric nosology from clinical, historical and particularly philosophical perspectives. The book brings together a range of distinguished authors - including major psychiatric researchers, clinicians, historians and especially nosologists - including severalleaders of the DSM-5 effort and the DSM Steering Committee. It also includes contributions from psychologists with a special interest in psychiatric nosology and philosophers with a wide range of orientations. The book is organized into four major sections: * The first explores the nature of psychiatric illness and the way in which it is defined, including clinical and psychometric perspectives. * The second section examines problems in the reification of psychiatric diagnostic criteria, the problem of psychiatric epidemics, and the nature and definition of individual symptoms. * The third section explores the concept of epistemic iteration as a possible governing conceptual framework for the revision efforts for official psychiatric nosologies such as DSM and ICD and the problems of validation of psychiatric diagnoses.* The book ends by exploring how we might move from the descriptive to the etiologic in psychiatric diagnoses, the nature of progress in psychiatric research, and the possible benefits of moving to a living document (or continuous improvement) model for psychiatric nosologic systems. The result is a book that captures the dynamic cross-disciplinary interactions that characterize the best work in the philosophy of psychiatry.

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: L. Syd M Johnson,Karen S. Rommelfanger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 1317483510
ISBN 13: 9781317483519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics Book Review:

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Decolonizing Global Mental Health

Decolonizing Global Mental Health
Author: China Mills
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2014-04-11
ISBN 10: 1135080437
ISBN 13: 9781135080433
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decolonizing Global Mental Health Book Review:

Decolonizing Global Mental Health is a book that maps a strange irony. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Movement for Global Mental Health are calling to ‘scale up’ access to psychological and psychiatric treatments globally, particularly within the global South. Simultaneously, in the global North, psychiatry and its often chemical treatments are coming under increased criticism (from both those who take the medication and those in the position to prescribe it). The book argues that it is imperative to explore what counts as evidence within Global Mental Health, and seeks to de-familiarize current ‘Western’ conceptions of psychology and psychiatry using postcolonial theory. It leads us to wonder whether we should call for equality in global access to psychiatry, whether everyone should have the right to a psychotropic citizenship and whether mental health can, or should, be global. As such, it is ideal reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as researchers in the fields of critical psychology and psychiatry, social and health psychology, cultural studies, public health and social work.

Regulating Neuroscience Transnational Legal Challenges

Regulating Neuroscience  Transnational Legal Challenges
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2021-09-29
ISBN 10: 0128216964
ISBN 13: 9780128216965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Regulating Neuroscience Transnational Legal Challenges Book Review:

The Volume Regulating Neuroethics: Transnational Legal challenges will focus on the new and fascinating ethical and legal challenges posed by neurotechnology and its global regulation. The Volume will address topics ranging from the foundations of neuroethics, free will and human liberty to their impact in criminal and civil liability, the legal regulation of biotechnological developments and its challenges for health, privacy and other fundamental human rights. Novel and original research on the emerging field of the legal regulation of neuroscience Interdisciplinary approach, chapters by global scholars from several disciplines, including law, philosophy, and medicine Develops a global approach, useful in jurisdictions along the globe

Population Neuroscience

Population Neuroscience
Author: Tomas Paus
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2013-03-23
ISBN 10: 3642364500
ISBN 13: 9783642364501
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Population Neuroscience Book Review:

Is Newton’s brain different from Rembrandt’s? Does a mother’s diet during pregnancy impact brain growth? Do adolescent peers leave a signature in the social brain? Does the way we live in our middle years affect how our brains age? To answer these and many other questions, we can now turn to population neuroscience. Population neuroscience endeavors to identify environmental and genetic factors that shape the function and structure of the human brain; it uses the tools and knowledge of genetics (and the “omics” sciences), epidemiology and neuroscience. This text attempts to provide a bridge spanning these three disciplines so that their practitioners can communicate easily with each other when working together on large-scale imaging studies of the developing, mature and aging brain. By understanding the processes driving variations in brain function and structure across individuals, we will also be able to predict an individual’s risk of (or resilience against) developing a brain disorder. In the long term, the hope is that population neuroscience will lay the foundation for personalized preventive medicine and, in turn, reduce the burden associated with complex, chronic disorders of brain and body.

Debates About Neuroethics

Debates About Neuroethics
Author: Eric Racine,John Aspler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2017-06-21
ISBN 10: 3319546511
ISBN 13: 9783319546513
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Debates About Neuroethics Book Review:

This is the first book entirely dedicated to exploring issues associated with the nature of neuroethics. It reflects on some of the underlying assumptions in neuroethics, and the implications of those assumptions with respect to training and education programs, research activities, policy engagement, public discourse, teaching, ethics consultation and mentoring, to name but a few areas of interest. Internationally respected and emerging leaders in the area have taken up the pen to express and debate their views about the development, focus and future of neuroethics. They share their analyses and make recommendations regarding how neuroscience could more effectively explore and tackle its philosophical, ethical, and societal implications.