Genomics and Society

Genomics and Society
Author: Dhavendra Kumar,Ruth Chadwick
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2015-10-29
ISBN 10: 0127999213
ISBN 13: 9780127999210
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Society Book Review:

Genomics and Society; Ethical, Legal-Cultural, and Socioeconomic Implications is the first book to address the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011. The work addresses fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system. Of particular interest to healthcare practitioners, bioethicists, and health economists, and of tangential interest to the gamut of applied social scientists investigating the societal impact of new medical paradigms, the work describes a myriad of issues around consent, confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and legality in the new era of genomic medicine. Addresses the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011 Presents the core fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system Describes a myriad of issues around consent, including confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and more

Genomics and Society

Genomics and Society
Author: George Gaskell,Martin W Bauer
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN 10: 1136548033
ISBN 13: 9781136548031
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Society Book Review:

The impact of genomics on society has been the focus of debate and conflict across the world. Contrasting views of risks and benefits, trust in science and regulation, the understanding of science, media coverage and mobilization of the public by civil society groups all have been cited as drivers of public opinion. The long running controversy is a signal that the public's view cannot be ignored in the development and implementation of new technologies arising out of genomics such as agricultural biotechnologies, genetic testing and the uses of genetic information, the cloning of human cells and tissues and transgenic animals. Written by a progressive international group of social scientists from Europe, North America and Japan, this volume presents a series of comparative perspectives on the social, ethical and legal implications of genomics. The result is a book which encapsulates the lessons to be learned from the controversies of the 1990s and raises the level of debate on the societal implications of new developments in genomics.

The Handbook of Genetics Society

The Handbook of Genetics   Society
Author: Paul Atkinson,Peter Glasner,Margaret Lock
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2009-07-02
ISBN 10: 1134128770
ISBN 13: 9781134128778
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Genetics Society Book Review:

An authoritative Handbook which offers a discussion of the social, political, ethical and economic consequences and implications of the new bio-sciences. The Handbook takes an interdisciplinary approach providing a synoptic overview of contemporary international social science research on genetics, genomics and the new life sciences. It brings together leading scholars with expertise across a wide-ranging spectrum of research fields related to the production, use, commercialisation and regulation of genetics knowledge. The Handbook is structured into seven cross-cutting themes in contemporary social science research on genetics with introductions written by internationally renowned section editors who take an interdisciplinary approach to offer fresh insights on recent developments and issues in often controversial fields of study. The Handbook explores local and global issues and critically approaches a wide range of public and policy questions, providing an invaluable reference source to a wide variety of researchers, academics and policy makers.

Routledge Handbook of Genomics Health and Society

Routledge Handbook of Genomics  Health and Society
Author: Sahra Gibbon,Barbara Prainsack,Stephen Hilgartner,Janelle Lamoreaux
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2018-04-17
ISBN 10: 1315451670
ISBN 13: 9781315451671
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Handbook of Genomics Health and Society Book Review:

The Handbook provides an essential resource at the interface of Genomics, Health and Society, and forms a crucial research tool for both new students and established scholars across biomedicine and social sciences. Building from and extending the first Routledge Handbook of Genetics and Society, the book offers a comprehensive introduction to pivotal themes within the field, an overview of the current state of the art knowledge on genomics, science and society, and an outline of emerging areas of research. Key themes addressed include the way genomic based DNA technologies have become incorporated into diverse arenas of clinical practice and research whilst also extending beyond the clinic; the role of genomics in contemporary ‘bioeconomies’; how challenges in the governance of medical genomics can both reconfigure and stabilise regulatory processes and jurisdictional boundaries; how questions of diversity and justice are situated across different national and transnational terrains of genomic research; and how genomics informs – and is shaped by – developments in fields such as epigenetics, synthetic biology, stem cell, microbial and animal model research. Presenting cutting edge research from leading social science scholars, the Handbook provides a unique and important contribution to the field. It brings a rich and varied cross disciplinary social science perspective that engages with both the history and contemporary context of genomics and ‘post-genomics’, and considers the now global and transnational terrain in which these developments are unfolding.

The Genome Factor

The Genome Factor
Author: Dalton Conley,Jason Fletcher
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2018-11-13
ISBN 10: 0691183163
ISBN 13: 9780691183169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Genome Factor Book Review:

For a century, social scientists have avoided genetics like the plague. But in the past decade, a small but intrepid group of economists, political scientists, and sociologists have harnessed the genomics revolution to paint a more complete picture of human social life than ever before. The Genome Factor describes the latest astonishing discoveries being made at the scientific frontier where genomics and the social sciences intersect. The Genome Factor reveals that there are real genetic differences by racial ancestry--but ones that don't conform to what we call black, white, or Latino. Genes explain a significant share of who gets ahead in society and who does not, but instead of giving rise to a genotocracy, genes often act as engines of mobility that counter social disadvantage. An increasing number of us are marrying partners with similar education levels as ourselves, but genetically speaking, humans are mixing it up more than ever before with respect to mating and reproduction. These are just a few of the many findings presented in this illuminating and entertaining book, which also tackles controversial topics such as genetically personalized education and the future of reproduction in a world where more and more of us are taking advantage of cheap genotyping services like 23 and Me to find out what our genes may hold in store for ourselves and our children. The Genome Factor shows how genomics is transforming the social sciences--and how social scientists are integrating both nature and nurture into a unified, comprehensive understanding of human behavior at both the individual and society-wide levels. --

Human Genes and Genomes

Human Genes and Genomes
Author: Leon E. Rosenberg,Diane Drobnis Rosenberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2012-05-21
ISBN 10: 0123852137
ISBN 13: 9780123852137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Genes and Genomes Book Review:

In the nearly 60 years since Watson and Crick proposed the double helical structure of DNA, the molecule of heredity, waves of discoveries have made genetics the most thrilling field in the sciences. The study of genes and genomics today explores all aspects of the life with relevance in the lab, in the doctor’s office, in the courtroom and even in social relationships. In this helpful guidebook, one of the most respected and accomplished human geneticists of our time communicates the importance of genes and genomics studies in all aspects of life. With the use of core concepts and the integration of extensive references, this book provides students and professionals alike with the most in-depth view of the current state of the science and its relevance across disciplines. Bridges the gap between basic human genetic understanding and one of the most promising avenues for advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. Includes the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, predicting disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics and more Explores ethical, legal, regulatory and economic aspects of genomics in medicine. Integrates historical (classical) genetics approach with the latest discoveries in structural and functional genomics

Human Population Genetics and Genomics

Human Population Genetics and Genomics
Author: Alan R. Templeton
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2018-11-08
ISBN 10: 0123860261
ISBN 13: 9780123860262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Population Genetics and Genomics Book Review:

Human Population Genetics and Genomics provides researchers/students with knowledge on population genetics and relevant statistical approaches to help them become more effective users of modern genetic, genomic and statistical tools. In-depth chapters offer thorough discussions of systems of mating, genetic drift, gene flow and subdivided populations, human population history, genotype and phenotype, detecting selection, units and targets of natural selection, adaptation to temporally and spatially variable environments, selection in age-structured populations, and genomics and society. As human genetics and genomics research often employs tools and approaches derived from population genetics, this book helps users understand the basic principles of these tools. In addition, studies often employ statistical approaches and analysis, so an understanding of basic statistical theory is also needed. Comprehensively explains the use of population genetics and genomics in medical applications and research Discusses the relevance of population genetics and genomics to major social issues, including race and the dangers of modern eugenics proposals Provides an overview of how population genetics and genomics helps us understand where we came from as a species and how we evolved into who we are now

Understanding Genetics

Understanding Genetics
Author: Genetic Alliance,New York-Mid-Atlantic Consortium for Genetic and Newborn Screening Services
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 100
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 0982162219
ISBN 13: 9780982162217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Genetics Book Review:

The purpose of this manual is to provide an educational genetics resource for individuals, families, and health professionals in the New York - Mid-Atlantic region and increase awareness of specialty care in genetics. The manual begins with a basic introduction to genetics concepts, followed by a description of the different types and applications of genetic tests. It also provides information about diagnosis of genetic disease, family history, newborn screening, and genetic counseling. Resources are included to assist in patient care, patient and professional education, and identification of specialty genetics services within the New York - Mid-Atlantic region. At the end of each section, a list of references is provided for additional information. Appendices can be copied for reference and offered to patients. These take-home resources are critical to helping both providers and patients understand some of the basic concepts and applications of genetics and genomics.

Genomics and Its Impact on Science and Society

Genomics and Its Impact on Science and Society
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 12
Release: 2008
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:608050641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Its Impact on Science and Society Book Review:

The Society of Genes

The Society of Genes
Author: Itai Yanai,Lercher Martin
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2016-01-11
ISBN 10: 0674915968
ISBN 13: 9780674915961
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Society of Genes Book Review:

Since Dawkins popularized the notion of the selfish gene, the question of how these selfish genes work together to construct an organism remained a mystery. Now, standing atop a wealth of new research, Itai Yanai and Martin Lercher—pioneers in the field of systems biology—provide a vision of how genes cooperate and compete in the struggle for life.

Genomics and Public Health

Genomics and Public Health
Author: Bartha Maria Knoppers
Publsiher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9004155597
ISBN 13: 9789004155596
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Public Health Book Review:

When genomics and public health are integrated into society, it will create as many responsibilities as rights for citizens, researchers, and decision makers. Indeed, the expression of genetic risk factors in both common and infectious diseases is of great interest to public health. Policy development in this area then needs to tackle crucial themes such as: research and its application to public health and genomic medicine, the authority of the state, the right to privacy, and the roles and responsibilities of citizens and the State. Considering the current fears of a world-wide pandemic, this book is a timely and insightful exploration of both research possibilities and the role of the state. It will help to understand the limits of possible state access to biobanks and data. It examines the issue of the possible use of newborn screening programmes by public health authorities. It also attempts to understand the protection of individual privacy and the public interest in the promotion of health and the prevention of disease. Moreover, do citizens have a say? Will public attitudes be different towards research in public health genomics compared to genetic testing?

Genomics and Clinical Diagnostics

Genomics and Clinical Diagnostics
Author: Ralph Rapley,David Whitehouse
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 574
Release: 2019-01-29
ISBN 10: 1788016807
ISBN 13: 9781788016803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Clinical Diagnostics Book Review:

Genomics and genome technology is having, and continues to have, a major impact on all areas of bioscience research providing insights into the key area of molecular mechanisms of cells in health and disease. This is causing a profound effect on biomedical science and is accelerating the development of new diagnostic applications. This book provides a timely, graduate level introduction to the fast-paced area of genomics and clinical diagnostic technologies and introduces the concept of applications based on this area. The initial chapters focus on principal molecular technologies that underpin the information in the later chapters. In addition to introductory areas of nucleic acids and techniques in molecular biology, bioinformatics and proteomics, other key diagnostic areas such as the use of immunological reagents are covered. The later chapters provide more specialised examples of currently used diagnostic technologies and insights into selected key diagnostic challenges including specific examples of molecular microbial diagnostics and molecular biomarkers in oncology. The running themes through the chapters provides an insight into current and future perspectives in this rapidly evolving field.

Genetics and Genomics in Oncology Nursing Practice

Genetics and Genomics in Oncology Nursing Practice
Author: Kathleen A. Calzone,Agnes Masny,Jean F. Jenkins
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9781890504915
ISBN 13: 1890504912
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetics and Genomics in Oncology Nursing Practice Book Review:

This work broadens the topic of genetics from a discussion of risk assessment to encompass such issues as cancer biology, clinical applications of genetic study, and the scope of oncology nursing practice.

Routledge Handbook of Genomics Health and Society

Routledge Handbook of Genomics  Health and Society
Author: Sahra Gibbon,Barbara Prainsack,Janelle Lamoreaux,Stephen Hilgartner
Publsiher: Routledge International Handbooks
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9781138211957
ISBN 13: 1138211958
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Handbook of Genomics Health and Society Book Review:

The Handbook provides an essential resource at the interface of Genomics, Health and Society, and forms a crucial research tool for both new students and established scholars across biomedicine and social sciences. Building from and extending the first Routledge Handbook of Genetics and Society, the book offers a comprehensive introduction to pivotal themes within the field, an overview of the current state of the art knowledge on genomics, science and society, and an outline of emerging areas of research. Key themes addressed include the way genomic based DNA technologies have become incorporated into diverse arenas of clinical practice and research whilst also extending beyond the clinic; the role of genomics in contemporary 'bioeconomies'; how challenges in the governance of medical genomics can both reconfigure and stabilise regulatory processes and jurisdictional boundaries; how questions of diversity and justice are situated across different national and transnational terrains of genomic research; and how genomics informs - and is shaped by - developments in fields such as epigenetics, synthetic biology, stem cell, microbial and animal model research. Presenting cutting edge research from leading social science scholars, the Handbook provides a unique and important contribution to the field. It brings a rich and varied cross disciplinary social science perspective that engages with both the history and contemporary context of genomics and 'post-genomics', and considers the now global and transnational terrain in which these developments are unfolding.

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture
Author: Marco Saroglia
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2012-09-04
ISBN 10: 9780470960080
ISBN 13: 0470960086
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture Book Review:

Genomics has revolutionized biological research over the course of the last two decades. Genome maps of key agricultural species have offered increased understanding of the structure, organization, and evolution of animal genomes. Building upon this foundation, researchers are now emphasizing research on genome function. Published with the World Aquaculture Society, Functional Genomics in Aquaculture looks at the advances in this field as they directly relate to key traits and species in aquaculture production. Functional Genomics in Aquaculture opens with two chapters that provide a useful general introduction to the field of functional genomics. The second section of the book focuses on key production traits such as growth, development, reproduction, nutrition, and physiological response to stress and diseases. The final five chapters focus on a variety of key aquaculture species. Examples looking at our understanding of the functional genomes of salmonids, Mediterranean sea bass, Atlantic cod, catfish, shrimp, and molluscs, are included in the book. Providing valuable insights and discoveries into the functional genomes of finfish and shellfish species, Functional Genomics in Aquaculture, will be an invaluable resource to researchers and professionals in aquaculture, genetics, and animal science.

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics
Author: Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2016-06-04
ISBN 10: 0127999221
ISBN 13: 9780127999227
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical and Health Genomics Book Review:

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

New Directions in the Sociology of Aging

New Directions in the Sociology of Aging
Author: Panel on New Directions in Social Demography, Social Epidemiology, and the Sociology of Aging,Committee on Population
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 9780309292979
ISBN 13: 0309292972
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Directions in the Sociology of Aging Book Review:

The aging of the population of the United States is occurring at a time of major economic and social changes. These economic changes include consideration of increases in the age of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare and possible changes in benefit levels. Furthermore, changes in the social context in which older individuals and families function may well affect the nature of key social relationships and institutions that define the environment for older persons. Sociology offers a knowledge base, a number of useful analytic approaches and tools, and unique theoretical perspectives that can facilitate understanding of these demographic, economic, and social changes and, to the extent possible, their causes, consequences and implications. The Future of the Sociology of Aging: An Agenda for Action evaluates the recent contributions of social demography, social epidemiology and sociology to the study of aging and identifies promising new research directions in these sub-fields. Included in this study are nine papers prepared by experts in sociology, demography, social genomics, public health, and other fields, that highlight the broad array of tools and perspectives that can provide the basis for further advancing the understanding of aging processes in ways that can inform policy. This report discusses the role of sociology in what is a wide-ranging and diverse field of study; a proposed three-dimensional conceptual model for studying social processes in aging over the life cycle; a review of existing databases, data needs and opportunities, primarily in the area of measurement of interhousehold and intergenerational transmission of resources, biomarkers and biosocial interactions; and a summary of roadblocks and bridges to transdisciplinary research that will affect the future directions of the field of sociology of aging.

Genomics and the Reimagining of Personalized Medicine

Genomics and the Reimagining of Personalized Medicine
Author: Dr Richard Tutton
Publsiher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2014-10-28
ISBN 10: 1472422589
ISBN 13: 9781472422583
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and the Reimagining of Personalized Medicine Book Review:

Drawing on insights from work in medical history and sociology, this book analyzes changing meanings of personalized medicine over time, from the rise of biomedicine in the twentieth century, to the emergence of pharmacogenomics and personal genomics in the 1990s and 2000s. In the past when doctors championed personalization they did so to emphasize that patients had unique biographies and social experiences in the name of caring for their patients as individuals. However, since the middle of the twentieth century, geneticists have successfully promoted the belief that genes are implicated in why some people develop diseases and why some have adverse reactions to drugs when others do not. In doing so, they claim to offer a new way of personalizing the prediction, prevention and treatment of disease. As this book shows, the genomic reimagining of personalized medicine centres on new forms of capitalization and consumption of genetic information. While genomics promises the ultimate individualization of medicine, the author argues that personalized medicine exists in the imaginative gap between the problems and limits of current scientific practices and future prospects to individualize medical interventions. A rigorous, critical examination of the promises of genomics to transform the economics and delivery of medicine, Genomics and the Reimagining of Personalized Medicine examines the consequences of the shift towards personalization for the way we think about and act on health and disease in society. As such, it will be of interest to scholars and students of the sociology of medicine and health, science and technology studies, and health policy.

Genomics

Genomics
Author: Supratim Choudhuri,David B. Carlson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2008-10-09
ISBN 10: 9781420067057
ISBN 13: 1420067052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics Book Review:

This unique new text delivers a solid foundation for understanding the role of genomics in human health and in advances that promise to help improve the quality of human life. Unlike other works that focus mainly on toxicogenomic techniques, Genomics presents a thorough overview of the field in four major sections: 1) fundamentals of genes and genome structure, function, expression, variations, and genomic technology platforms; 2) applications of genomics in drug discovery and drug development, safety evaluation, genomic database maintenance, mining, and analysis, food safety monitoring, and translational toxicogenomics; 3) how regulatory agencies such as the FDA and EPA use genomic data in their safety evaluation; and 4) a summary of the current state and the future prospect of the science of genomics. With an international perspective and practical case studies, Genomics is the first resource to present essential discussion of theory and application for: eukaryotic genomes epigenomics translational genomics and biomarker development

Secondary Findings in Genomic Research

Secondary Findings in Genomic Research
Author: Kyle B. Brothers
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2020-05
ISBN 10: 0128165499
ISBN 13: 9780128165492
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Secondary Findings in Genomic Research Book Review:

Secondary Findings in Genomic Research offers a single, highly accessible resource on interpreting, managing and disclosing secondary findings in genomic research. With chapters written by experts in the field, this book is the first to concisely explain the ethical and practical issues raised by secondary genomics findings for a multi and interdisciplinary audience of genomic researchers, translational scientists, clinicians, medical students, genetic counselors, ethicists, legal experts and law students, public policy specialists and regulators. Contributors from Europe, North America, and Asia effectively synthesize perspectives from a spectrum of different scientific, societal, and global contexts, and offer pragmatic approaches to a range of topics, including oversight, governance and policy surrounding secondary genomic results, criteria for identifying results for return, communication and consent, stakeholders' attitudes and perspectives, disclosing results, and clinical, patient-centered protocols. Thoroughly addresses the scientific, ethical, practical and clinical issues raised by secondary findings resulting from genomic research, including active debate and challenges in the field Provides researchers, clinicians, regulators, and stakeholders with a holistic, interdisciplinary approach to interpreting, managing and disclosing secondary findings Brings together expert analysis from scholars across Europe, North America, and Asia representing a wide variety of scientific and societal contexts