Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass
Author: Arindam Kuila,Vinay Sharma
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2020-02-19
ISBN 10: 0128179546
ISBN 13: 9780128179543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Book Review:

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass describes the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Each chapter presents different technological approaches for cost effective liquid biofuel production from agroresidues/biomass. Two chapters cover future direction and the possibilities of biomass-based biofuel production at the industrial level. The book provides a genetic and metabolic engineering approach for improved cellulase production and the potential of strains that can ferment both pentose and hexose sugars. The book also gives direction on how to overcome challenges for the further advancement of lignocellulosic biomass-based biofuel production. Covers genetic engineering approaches for higher cellulase production from fungi Includes genetic and metabolic engineering approaches for development of potential pentose and hexose fermenting strain which can tolerate high ethanol and toxic phenolic compounds Describe different bioreactors used in different steps of biomass-based biofuel production Outlines future prospects and potential of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass

Bioalcohol Production

Bioalcohol Production
Author: Keith W. Waldron
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2010-05-24
ISBN 10: 1845699610
ISBN 13: 9781845699611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioalcohol Production Book Review:

Bioethanol is one of the main biofuels currently used as a petroleum-substitute in transport applications. However, conflicts over food supply and land use have made its production and utilisation a controversial topic. Second generation bioalcohol production technology, based on (bio)chemical conversion of non-food lignocellulose, offers potential advantages over existing, energy-intensive bioethanol production processes. Food vs. fuel pressures may be reduced by utilising a wider range of lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks, including energy crops, cellulosic residues, and, particularly, wastes. Bioalcohol production covers the process engineering, technology, modelling and integration of the entire production chain for second generation bioalcohol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Primarily reviewing bioethanol production, the book’s coverage extends to the production of longer-chain bioalcohols which will be elemental to the future of the industry. Part one reviews the key features and processes involved in the pretreatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass for bioalcohol production, including hydrothermal and thermochemical pretreatment, and fractionation to separate out valuable process feedstocks. Part two covers the hydrolysis (saccharification) processes applicable to pretreated feedstocks. This includes both acid and enzymatic approaches and also importantly covers the development of particular enzymes to improve this conversion step. This coverage is extended in Part three, with chapters reviewing integrated hydrolysis and fermentation processes, and fermentation and co-fermentation challenges of lignocellulose-derived sugars, as well as separation and purification processes for bioalcohol extraction. Part four examines the analysis, monitoring and modelling approaches relating to process and quality control in the pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation steps of lignocellulose-to-bioalcohol production. Finally, Part five discusses the life-cycle assessment of lignocellulose-to-bioalcohol production, as well as the production of valuable chemicals and longer-chain alcohols from lignocellulosic biomass. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Bioalcohol production is a standard reference for fuel engineers, industrial chemists and biochemists, plant scientists and researchers in this area. Provides an overview of the life-cycle assessment of lignocelluloses-to-bioalcohol production Reviews the key features and processes involved in the pre-treatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass for bioalcohol production Examines the analysis, monitoring and modelling approaches relating to process and quality control in pre-treatment, hydrolysis and fermentation

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases
Author: Deepak K. Tuli,Arindam Kuila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2021-03-26
ISBN 10: 0128218967
ISBN 13: 9780128218969
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases Book Review:

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases not only explores the present and future of cellulase production, it also compares solid state fermentation (SSF) and submerged fermentation (SMF) for cellulase production. Chapters explore bioprocess engineering, metabolic engineering and genetic engineering approaches for enhanced cellulase production, including the application of cellulase for biofuel production. This important resource presents current technical status and the future direction of advances in cellulase production, including application of cellulases in different sectors. Covers the present industrial scenarios and future prospect of cellulase production Describes the molecular structure of cellulase Explores genetic engineering, metabolic engineering and other approaches for improved cellulase production Includes different applications of cellulases, including their application in the bioenergy sector

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases
Author: Deepak K. Tuli,Arindam Kuila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2021-03-26
ISBN 10: 0128218967
ISBN 13: 9780128218969
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases Book Review:

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases not only explores the present and future of cellulase production, it also compares solid state fermentation (SSF) and submerged fermentation (SMF) for cellulase production. Chapters explore bioprocess engineering, metabolic engineering and genetic engineering approaches for enhanced cellulase production, including the application of cellulase for biofuel production. This important resource presents current technical status and the future direction of advances in cellulase production, including application of cellulases in different sectors. Covers the present industrial scenarios and future prospect of cellulase production Describes the molecular structure of cellulase Explores genetic engineering, metabolic engineering and other approaches for improved cellulase production Includes different applications of cellulases, including their application in the bioenergy sector

Liquid Gaseous and Solid Biofuels

Liquid  Gaseous and Solid Biofuels
Author: Zhen Fang
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2013-03-20
ISBN 10: 9535110500
ISBN 13: 9789535110507
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Liquid Gaseous and Solid Biofuels Book Review:

This book offers reviews of state-of-the-art conversion techniques for biofuels. It focuses on the latest development for the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels that should be of interest to the chemical scientists and technologists.

Genetic Engineering of Microorganisms

Genetic Engineering of Microorganisms
Author: A. Pühler
Publsiher: Wiley-VCH
Total Pages: 178
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 9783527300396
ISBN 13: 3527300392
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Engineering of Microorganisms Book Review:

This book provides background knowledge in one of the most exciting areas in science today: the genetic engineering of microorganisms. All students and professionals involved in biotechnology - whether they are chemists, biologists or engineers - should be aware of the power behind this technique. And why? In contrast to earlier years, when strains could only be modified by classical genetic methods, it is now possible to design organisms with specific properties. The range of applications they offer is mind-boggling. The topics covered in this volume present a thorough and fascinating introduction to the methods, potentials and limitations of the genetic engineering of microorganisms. Written by leading experts in the field, they include the genetic engineering of Escherichia coli Gram Negative Bacteria Gram Positive Bacteria Yeast Filamentous Fungi. The articles in this book have been excerpted from the internationally renowned VCH multi-volume series 2Biotechnology2. They give students and professionals direct access to recent developments in genetic engineering.

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels Biobased Chemicals and Bioproducts

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels  Biobased Chemicals  and Bioproducts
Author: Majid Hosseini
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2019-02-23
ISBN 10: 0128179422
ISBN 13: 9780128179420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels Biobased Chemicals and Bioproducts Book Review:

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels, Bio-based Chemicals, and Bioproducts: Technologies and Approaches for Scale-Up and Commercialization demonstrates novel systems that apply advanced bioprocessing technologies to produce biofuels, bio-based chemicals, and value-added bioproducts from renewable sources. The book presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for applications of advanced bioprocessing technology in biofuels production and thoroughly depicts the technological breakthroughs of value added bioproducts. It also aides in the design, evaluation and production of biofuels by describing metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks. Users will find a thorough overview of the most recent discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale up. Emphasis is placed on technological milestones and breakthroughs in applications of new bioprocessing technologies for biofuels production. Its essential information can be used to understand how to incorporate advanced bioprocessing technologies into the scaling up of laboratory technologies to industrial applications while complying with biofuels policies and regulations. Presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for the applications of advanced technologies in biofuels production Provides a basis for technology assessments, progress and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at industrial scale Describes, in detail, technologies for metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks, thus aiding in the design, evaluation and production of advanced biofuels

Plant Cell Walls

Plant Cell Walls
Author: Peter Albersheim,Alan Darvill,Keith Roberts,Ron Sederoff,Andrew Staehelin
Publsiher: Garland Science
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2010-04-15
ISBN 10: 1136843582
ISBN 13: 9781136843587
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Cell Walls Book Review:

Plant cell walls are complex, dynamic cellular structures essential for plant growth, development, physiology and adaptation. Plant Cell Walls provides an in depth and diverse view of the microanatomy, biosynthesis and molecular physiology of these cellular structures, both in the life of the plant and in their use for bioproducts and biofuels. Plant Cell Walls is a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, as well as a professional-level reference book. Over 400 drawings, micrographs, and photographs provide visual insight into the latest research, as well as the uses of plant cell walls in everyday life, and their applications in biotechnology. Illustrated panels concisely review research methods and tools; a list of key terms is given at the end of each chapter; and extensive references organized by concept headings provide readers with guidance for entry into plant cell wall literature. Cell wall material is of considerable importance to the biofuel, food, timber, and pulp and paper industries as well as being a major focus of research in plant growth and sustainability that are of central interest in present day agriculture and biotechnology. The production and use of plants for biofuel and bioproducts in a time of need for responsible global carbon use requires a deep understanding of the fundamental biology of plants and their cell walls. Such an understanding will lead to improved plant processes and materials, and help provide a sustainable resource for meeting the future bioenergy and bioproduct needs of humankind.

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass
Author: Anuj Chandel,Silvio Silverio Da Silva
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2013-05-15
ISBN 10: 9535111191
ISBN 13: 9789535111191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass Book Review:

This book provides important aspects of sustainable degradation of lignocellulosic biomass which has a pivotal role for the economic production of several value-added products and biofuels with safe environment. Different pretreatment techniques and enzymatic hydrolysis process along with the characterization of cell wall components have been discussed broadly. The following features of this book attribute its distinctiveness: This book comprehensively covers the improvement in methodologies for the biomass pretreatment, hemicellulose and cellulose breakdown into fermentable sugars, the analytical methods for biomass characterization, and bioconversion of cellulosics into biofuels. In addition, mechanistic analysis of biomass pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis have been discussed in details, highlighting key factors influencing these processes at industrial scale.

Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass

Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass
Author: Arindam Kuila
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2019-06-14
ISBN 10: 0429555644
ISBN 13: 9780429555640
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass Book Review:

Biofuel production from waste biomass is increasingly being focused on due to due to several advantages of lignocellulosic biomass, such as availability in abundance from several sources, cost-effectiveness, little competition with food sources, etc. This new volume, Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass: Advances and Impacts, provides an abundance of in-depth information on many types of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass and also describes biomass sources and their availability for biofuel production. This compiled book features 17 chapters that discuss the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Chapters deal with different types lipase-mediated biofuel production, biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass, triacylglycrol biosynthetic pathways in plants for biofuel applications, the industrial prospects of lignocellulosic bioethanol production, biofuel cell production, potential feedstocks availability for bioethanol production, biofuel production from algal biomass, and many other important topics.

Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production

Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production
Author: Patrick C. Hallenbeck
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2011-12-16
ISBN 10: 1461412080
ISBN 13: 9781461412083
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production Book Review:

Concerns over dwindling fossil fuel reserves and impending climate changes have focused attention worldwide on the need to discover alternative, sustainable energy sources and fuels. Biofuels, already produced on a massive industrial scale, are seen as one answer to these problems. However, very real concerns over the effects of biofuel production on food supplies, with some of ht recent increases in worldwide food costs attributable to biofuel production, have lead to the realization that new, non-food substrates for biofuel production must be bought online. This book is an authoritative, comprehensive, up-to-date review of the various options under development for the production of advanced biofuels as alternative energy sources. A general overview and introductory chapters for each section place the field in the context as well as provide essential basic notions for the more general reader. Accomplished, internationally recognized experts carrying out research on individual focus areas contribute specific technical chapters detailing present progress and future prospects.

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels Value Added Products and Usable Power

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels  Value Added Products  and Usable Power
Author: Rajesh K. Sani,Navanietha Krishnaraj Rathinam
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2018-07-02
ISBN 10: 3319744593
ISBN 13: 9783319744599
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels Value Added Products and Usable Power Book Review:

This book presents a review and in-depth analyses of improved biotechnological processes emphasizing critical aspects and challenges of lignocellulosic biomass conversion into biofuels and value-added products especially using extremophiles and recombinant microorganisms. The book specifically comprises extremophilic production of liquid and gaseous biofuels (bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel, biohydrogen, and biogas) as well as value added products (e.g. single cell protein, hydrocarbons, lipids, exopolysaccharides, and polyhydroxyalkanoates). The book also provides the knowledge on how to develop safe, more efficient, sustainable, and economical integrated processes for enhanced conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to liquid and gaseous biofuels. Finally the book describes how to perform the techno-economical and life-cycle assessments of new integrated processes involving extremophiles. These modeling exercises are critical in addressing any deficiencies associated with the demonstration of an integrated biofuels and value-added products production process at pilot scale as well as demonstration on the commercialization scale.

Twenty Sixth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

Twenty Sixth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals
Author: Brian H. Davison
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1166
Release: 2005-04
ISBN 10: 1588296970
ISBN 13: 9781588296979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Twenty Sixth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Book Review:

Annotation State-of-the-art research by leading experts ## Advanced feedstock production and processing ## Enzyme and microbial biocatalysis ## Bioprocess research and development ## Commercialization of biobased products.

Food Security and Safety

Food Security and Safety
Author: Olubukola O. Babalola
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2020-10-22
ISBN 10: 9783030506711
ISBN 13: 3030506711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Food Security and Safety Book Review:

This book focuses on food security and safety issues in Africa, a continent presently challenged with malnutrition and food insecurity. The continuous increase in the human population of Africa will lead to greater food demands, and climate change has already affected food production in most parts of Africa, resulting in drought, reduced crop yields, and loss of livestock and income. In order for Africa to be food-secure, safe and nutritious food has to be available, well-distributed, and sufficient to meet people’s food requirements. Contributors to Food Security and Safety: African Perspectives offer solutions to the lack of adequate safe and nutritious food in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as highlight the positive efforts being made to address this lack through a holistic approach. The book will discuss the various methods used to enhance food security, such as food fortification, fermentation, genetic modification, and plant breeding for improved yield and resistance to diseases. Authors emphasize the importance of hygiene and food safety in food preparation and preservation, and address the means by which the constraints of climate change could be overcome using smart crops. As a comprehensive reference text, Food Security and Safety: African Perspectives seeks to address challenges specific to the African continent while enhancing the global knowledge base around food security, food safety, and food production in an era of rapid climate change.

Prospects of Renewable Bioprocessing in Future Energy Systems

Prospects of Renewable Bioprocessing in Future Energy Systems
Author: Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Arti Gupta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2019-04-03
ISBN 10: 3030144631
ISBN 13: 9783030144630
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prospects of Renewable Bioprocessing in Future Energy Systems Book Review:

This book discusses various renewable energy resources and technologies. Topics covered include recent advances in photobioreactor design; microalgal biomass harvesting, drying, and processing; and technological advances and optimised production systems as prerequisites for achieving a positive energy balance. It highlights alternative resources that can be used to replace fossil fuels, such as algal biofuels, biodiesel, bioethanol, and biohydrogen. Further, it reviews microbial technologies, discusses an immobilization method, and highlights the efficiency of enzymes as a key factor in biofuel production. In closing, the book outlines future research directions to increase oil yields in microalgae, which could create new opportunities for lipid-based biofuels, and provides an outlook on the future of global biofuel production. Given its scope, the book will appeal to all researchers and engineers working in the renewable energy sector.

Biofuel Production Technologies Critical Analysis for Sustainability

Biofuel Production Technologies  Critical Analysis for Sustainability
Author: Neha Srivastava,Manish Srivastava,P. K. Mishra,Vijai Kumar Gupta
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2020-03-23
ISBN 10: 9811386374
ISBN 13: 9789811386374
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuel Production Technologies Critical Analysis for Sustainability Book Review:

Production and utilization of sustainable energy toward maintaining a clean environment is a major challenge. At the same time, the continued depletion of fossil fuels and the global dependency on non-renewable fuels is a chief concern. Moreover, the long-term economic and environmental issues associated with the high utilization of fossil fuel, such as global warming, are also important, particularly in the context of the predicted increase in the global population to around 5 billion by 2050. In recent years, researchers have been investigating alternative, renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. Of the various options, biofuels are especially attractive due to their low production costs and the fact that they are pollution free. Also known as transportation fuels, their energy is derived from biological resources or through the biological processes. Biofuels such as biohydrogen, biomethane, biogas, ethanol and butanol offer a number of advantages and can be economically produced from cellulosic biomass. As such, they can play a vital role in sustainably meeting future energy demands. Biofuels have the potential to become a global primary energy source, offering significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions as well as opportunities to increase economic and social development in rural communities and reduce the problems associated with waste disposal. However, low yields and lack of process technology are some of the aspects that need to be addressed. This book offers an overview of existing biofuels and the technologies to solve the problems associated with their practical implementation. Evaluating the biofuel options and discussing the opportunities and risks in relation to resources, technologies, practices, markets and policy, it provides insights into the development of economically viable bioenergy industries.

Plants for the Future

Plants for the Future
Author: Hany El-Shemy
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2015-10-21
ISBN 10: 9535121855
ISBN 13: 9789535121855
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plants for the Future Book Review:

The world has come to understand only recently the importance of plants in our life. Therefore, we have brought together such book chapters that will help strengthen the scientific background of the readers on plants and deliver the message regarding plants for the future, in food security, health, industry, and other areas. This book will add to the scientific knowledge of the readers on the molecular aspects of plants.

Renewable Fuel Standard

Renewable Fuel Standard
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2012-01-29
ISBN 10: 0309187516
ISBN 13: 9780309187510
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Fuel Standard Book Review:

In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels. Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate. Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.

Fuel Ethanol Production from Sugarcane

Fuel Ethanol Production from Sugarcane
Author: Thalita Peixoto Basso,Luiz Carlos Basso
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2019-01-23
ISBN 10: 1789849373
ISBN 13: 9781789849370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Ethanol Production from Sugarcane Book Review:

This book offers a broad understanding of bioethanol production from sugarcane, although a few other substrates, except corn, will also be mentioned. The 10 chapters are grouped in five sections. The Fuel Ethanol Production from Sugarcane in Brazil section consists of two chapters dealing with the first-generation ethanol Brazilian industrial process. The Strategies for Sugarcane Bagasse Pretreatment section deals with emerging physicochemical methods for biomass pretreatment, and the non-conventional biomass source for lignocellulosic ethanol production addresses the potential of weed biomass as alternative feedstock. In the Recent Approaches for Increasing Fermentation Efficiency of Lignocellulosic Ethanol section, potential and research progress using thermophile bacteria and yeasts is presented, taking advantage of microorganisms involved in consolidating or simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation processes. Finally, the Recent Advances in Ethanol Fermentation section presents the use of cold plasma and hydrostatic pressure to increase ethanol production efficiency. Also in this section the use of metabolic-engineered autotrophic cyanobacteria to produce ethanol from carbon dioxide is mentioned.

Advances in Biofuels and Bioenergy

Advances in Biofuels and Bioenergy
Author: Madhugiri Nageswara-Rao,Jaya Soneji
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 1789232864
ISBN 13: 9781789232868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Biofuels and Bioenergy Book Review:

The worldwide consumption of fossil fuel continues to increase at unsustainable levels, which will lead to progressive scarcity, if immediate and innovative measures are not taken for its sustainable use. This scarcity necessitates the development of renewable and sustainable alternatives for fossil fuels. A possible solution to today's energy challenges can be provided by biofuels. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current status and the future implications of biofuels. Diverse and aptly covered comprehensive information in this book will directly enhance both basic and applied research in biofuels and will particularly be useful for students, scientists, breeders, growers, ecologists, industrialists and policy makers. It will be a valuable reference point to improve biofuels in the areas of ecologically and economically sustainable bioenergy research.