General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

General Philosophy of Science  Focal Issues
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 708
Release: 2007-07-18
ISBN 10: 9780080548548
ISBN 13: 0080548547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues Book Review:

Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might wish. An important task of the philosophy of the special sciences, such as philosophy of physics, of biology and of economics, to mention only a few of the many flourishing examples, is the clarification of such subject specific concepts and principles. Similarly, an important task of 'general' philosophy of science is the clarification of concepts like 'confirmation' and principles like 'the unity of science'. It is evident that clarfication of concepts and principles only makes sense if one tries to do justice, as much as possible, to the actual use of these notions by scientists, without however following this use slavishly. That is, occasionally a philosopher may have good reasons for suggesting to scientists that they should deviate from a standard use. Frequently, this amounts to a plea for differentiation in order to stop debates at cross-purposes due to the conflation of different meanings. While the special volumes of the series of Handbooks of the Philosophy of Science address topics relative to a specific discipline, this general volume deals with focal issues of a general nature. After an editorial introduction about the dominant method of clarifying concepts and principles in philosophy of science, called explication, the first five chapters deal with the following subjects. Laws, theories, and research programs as units of empirical knowledge (Theo Kuipers), various past and contemporary perspectives on explanation (Stathis Psillos), the evaluation of theories in terms of their virtues (Ilkka Niiniluto), and the role of experiments in the natural sciences, notably physics and biology (Allan Franklin), and their role in the social sciences, notably economics (Wenceslao Gonzalez). In the subsequent three chapters there is even more attention to various positions and methods that philosophers of science and scientists may favor: ontological, epistemological, and methodological positions (James Ladyman), reduction, integration, and the unity of science as aims in the sciences and the humanities (William Bechtel and Andrew Hamilton), and logical, historical and computational approaches to the philosophy of science (Atocha Aliseda and Donald Gillies). The volume concludes with the much debated question of demarcating science from nonscience (Martin Mahner) and the rich European-American history of the philosophy of science in the 20th century (Friedrich Stadler). Comprehensive coverage of the philosophy of science written by leading philosophers in this field Clear style of writing for an interdisciplinary audience No specific pre-knowledge required

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
Author: Gerhard Schurz
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2013-11-20
ISBN 10: 1134101228
ISBN 13: 9781134101221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach combines a general introduction to philosophy of science with an integrated survey of all its important subfields. As the book’s subtitle suggests, this excellent overview is guided methodologically by "a unified approach" to philosophy of science: behind the diversity of scientific fields one can recognize a methodological unity of the sciences. This unity is worked out in this book, revealing all the while important differences between subject areas. Structurally, this comprehensive book offers a two-part approach, which makes it an excellent introduction for students new to the field and a useful resource for more advanced students. Each chapter is divided into two sections. The first section assumes no foreknowledge of the subject introduced, and the second section builds upon the first by bringing into the conversation more advanced, complementary topics. Definitions, key propositions, examples and figures overview all of the core material. At the end of every chapter there are selected readings and exercises (with solutions at the end of the book). The book also includes a comprehensive bibliography and an index.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science
Author: Paul Humphreys
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 960
Release: 2016-08-04
ISBN 10: 0190630701
ISBN 13: 9780190630706
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science Book Review:

This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, physical, biological, psychological and social sciences, as well as general philosophy of science. Section II covers what are considered to be the traditional topics in the philosophy of science, such as causation, probability, models, ethics and values, and explanation. Section III identifies new areas of investigation that show promise of becoming important areas of research, including the philosophy of astronomy and astrophysics, data, complexity theory, neuroscience, simulations, post-Kuhnian philosophy, post-empiricist epistemology, and emergence. Most chapters are accessible to scientifically educated non-philosophers as well as to professional philosophers, and the contributors - all leading researchers in their field -- bring diverse perspectives from the North American, European, and Australasian research communities. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and students.

The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science
Author: Anouk Barberousse,Denis Bonnay,Mikael Cozic
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2018-06-28
ISBN 10: 0190690658
ISBN 13: 9780190690656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Philosophy of science studies the methods, theories, and concepts used by scientists. It mainly developed as a field in its own right during the twentieth century and is now a diversified and lively research area. This book surveys the current state of the discipline by focusing on central themes like confirmation of scientific hypotheses, scientific explanation, causality, the relationship between science and metaphysics, scientific change, the relationship between philosophy of science and science studies, the role of theories and models, unity of science. These themes define general philosophy of science. The book also presents sub-disciplines in the philosophy of science dealing with the main sciences: logic, mathematics, physics, biology, medicine, cognitive science, linguistics, social sciences, and economics. While it is common to address the specific philosophical problems raised by physics and biology in such a book, the place assigned to the philosophy of special sciences is much more unusual. Most authors collaborate on a regular basis in their research or teaching and share a common vision of philosophy of science and its place within philosophy and academia in general. The chapters have been written in close accordance with the three editors, thus achieving strong unity of style and tone.

Epistemology Methodology III Philosophy of Science and Technology Part I Formal and Physical Sciences

Epistemology   Methodology III  Philosophy of Science and Technology Part I  Formal and Physical Sciences
Author: M. Bunge
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400952813
ISBN 13: 9789400952812
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epistemology Methodology III Philosophy of Science and Technology Part I Formal and Physical Sciences Book Review:

The aims of this Introduction are to characterize the philosophy of science and technology, henceforth PS & T, to locate it on the map ofiearning, and to propose criteria for evaluating work in this field. 1. THE CHASM BETWEEN S & T AND THE HUMANITIES It has become commonplace to note that contemporary culture is split into two unrelated fields: science and the rest, to deplore this split - and to do is some truth in the two cultures thesis, and even nothing about it. There greater truth in the statement that there are literally thousands of fields of knowledge, each of them cultivated by specialists who are in most cases indifferent to what happens in the other fields. But it is equally true that all fields of knowledge are united, though in some cases by weak links, forming the system of human knowledge. Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and technological knowledge while at the same time noting the links that unite them.

Philosophy of Science Today

Philosophy of Science Today
Author: Peter Clark,Katherine Hawley
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9780199250554
ISBN 13: 0199250553
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science Today Book Review:

A state-of-the-art guide to the fast-developing area of the philosophy of science.

The Logic in Philosophy of Science

The Logic in Philosophy of Science
Author: Hans Halvorson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2019-06-30
ISBN 10: 1107110998
ISBN 13: 9781107110991
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logic in Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Major figures of twentieth-century philosophy were enthralled by the revolution in formal logic, and many of their arguments are based on novel mathematical discoveries. Hilary Putnam claimed that the Lwenheim-Sklem theorem refutes the existence of an objective, observer-independent world; Bas van Fraassen claimed that arguments against empiricism in philosophy of science are ineffective against a semantic approach to scientific theories; W. V. O. Quine claimed that the distinction between analytic and synthetic truths is trivialized by the fact that any theory can be reduced to one in which all truths are analytic. This book dissects these and other arguments through in-depth investigation of the mathematical facts undergirding them. It presents a systematic, mathematically rigorous account of the key notions arising from such debates, including theory, equivalence, translation, reduction, and model. The result is a far-reaching reconceptualization of the role of formal methods in answering philosophical questions.

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
Author: William Bechtel
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2013-12-16
ISBN 10: 1317767470
ISBN 13: 9781317767473
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science Book Review:

This text focuses on two major issues: the nature of scientific inquiry and the relations between scientific disciplines. Designed to introduce the basic issues and concepts in the philosophy of science, Bechtel writes for an audience with little or no philosophical background. The first part of the book explores the legacy of Logical Positivism and the subsequent post-Positivistic developments in the philosophy of science. The second section examines arguments for and against using a model of theory reduction to integrate scientific disciplines. The book concludes with a chapter describing non-reductionist approaches for relating scientific disciplines using psycholinguistic and cognitive neuroscience models.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science
Author: Kent W. Staley
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2014-11-06
ISBN 10: 0521112494
ISBN 13: 9780521112499
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science Book Review:

This book explores central philosophical concepts, issues, and debates in the philosophy of science, both historical and contemporary.

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1472
Release: 2009-11-27
ISBN 10: 9780080930749
ISBN 13: 0080930743
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences Book Review:

The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and of technical artifacts, as well as the toolbox of engineers. Most of these have thus far not been analyzed in general philosophy of science, which has traditionally but inadequately regarded technology as mere applied science and focused on physics, biology, mathematics and the social sciences. • First comprehensive philosophical handbook on technology and the engineering sciences • Unparalleled in scope including explorative articles • In depth discussion of technical artifacts and their ontology • Provides extensive analysis of the nature of engineering design • Focuses in detail on the role of models in technology

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
Author: Alexander Christian,David Hommen,Nina Retzlaff,Gerhard Schurz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2018-03-26
ISBN 10: 3319725777
ISBN 13: 9783319725772
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science Book Review:

This broad and insightful book presents current scholarship in important subfields of philosophy of science and addresses an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary readership. It groups carefully selected contributions into the four fields of I) philosophy of physics, II) philosophy of life sciences, III) philosophy of social sciences and values in science, and IV) philosophy of mathematics and formal modeling. Readers will discover research papers by Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Keizo Matsubara, Kian Salimkhani, Andrea Reichenberger, Anne Sophie Meincke, Javier Suárez, Roger Deulofeu, Ludger Jansen, Peter Hucklenbroich, Martin Carrier, Elizaveta Kostrova, Lara Huber, Jens Harbecke, Antonio Piccolomini d’Aragona and Axel Gelfert. This collection fosters dialogue between philosophers of science working in different subfields, and brings readers the finest and latest work across the breadth of the field, illustrating that contemporary philosophy of science has successfully broadened its scope of reflection. It will interest and inspire a wide audience of philosophers as well as scholars of the natural sciences, social sciences and the humanities. The volume shares selected contributions from the prestigious second triennial conference of the German Society for Philosophy of Science/ Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftsphilosophie (GWP.2016, March 8, 2016 – March 11, 2016).

Understanding Philosophy of Science

Understanding Philosophy of Science
Author: James Ladyman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2012-08-06
ISBN 10: 1134597908
ISBN 13: 9781134597901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Few can imagine a world without telephones or televisions; many depend on computers and the Internet as part of daily life. Without scientific theory, these developments would not have been possible. In this exceptionally clear and engaging introduction to philosophy of science, James Ladyman explores the philosophical questions that arise when we reflect on the nature of the scientific method and the knowledge it produces. He discusses whether fundamental philosophical questions about knowledge and reality might be answered by science, and considers in detail the debate between realists and antirealists about the extent of scientific knowledge. Along the way, central topics in philosophy of science, such as the demarcation of science from non-science, induction, confirmation and falsification, the relationship between theory and observation and relativism are all addressed. Important and complex current debates over underdetermination, inference to the best explaination and the implications of radical theory change are clarified and clearly explained for those new to the subject.

Journal for General Philosophy of Science

Journal for General Philosophy of Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2002
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015081518154
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal for General Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science
Author: Shamik Dasgupta,Ravit Dotan,Brad Weslake
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2020-10-28
ISBN 10: 1317497147
ISBN 13: 9781317497141
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science asks twelve philosophers to debate six questions that are driving contemporary work in this area of philosophy. The questions are: I. Are Boltzmann Brains Bad? II. Does Mathematical Explanation Require Mathematical Truth? III. Does Quantum Mechanics Suggest Spacetime is Nonfundamental? IV. Is Evolution Fundamental When It Comes to Defining Biological Ontology? V. Is Chance Ontologically Fundamental? VI. Are Sexes Natural Kinds? These debates explore the philosophical foundations of particular scientific disciplines, while also examining more general issues in the philosophy of science. The result is a book that’s perfect for the advanced philosophy student, building up their knowledge of the foundations of the field and engaging with its cutting-edge questions. Preliminary descriptions of each chapter, annotated lists of further readings for each controversy, and study questions for each chapter help provide clearer and richer snapshots of active controversies for all readers.

Philosophy of Economics

Philosophy of Economics
Author: Uskali Mäki
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 903
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 044451676X
ISBN 13: 9780444516763
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Economics Book Review:

Part of the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science Series edited by: Dov M. Gabbay King's College, London, UK; Paul Thagard University of Waterloo, Canada; and John Woods University of British Columbia, Canada. Philosophy of Economics investigates the foundational concepts and methods of economics, the social science that analyzes the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. This groundbreaking collection, the most thorough treatment of the philosophy of economics ever published, brings together philosophers, scientists and historians to map out the central topics in the field. The articles are divided into two groups. Chapters in the first group deal with various philosophical issues characteristic of economics in general, including realism and Lakatos, explanation and testing, modeling and mathematics, political ideology and feminist epistemology. Chapters in the second group discuss particular methods, theories and branches of economics, including forecasting and measurement, econometrics and experimentation, rational choice and agency issues, game theory and social choice, behavioral economics and public choice, geographical economics and evolutionary economics, and finally the economics of scientific knowledge. This volume serves as a detailed introduction for those new to the field as well as a rich source of new insights and potential research agendas for those already engaged with the philosophy of economics. Provides a bridge between philosophy and current scientific findings Encourages multi-disciplinary dialogue Covers theory and applications

Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science EPSA13 Helsinki

Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science  EPSA13 Helsinki
Author: Uskali Mäki,Ioannis Votsis,Stéphanie Ruphy,Gerhard Schurz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 391
Release: 2015-09-09
ISBN 10: 3319230158
ISBN 13: 9783319230153
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science EPSA13 Helsinki Book Review:

This volume showcases the best of recent research in the philosophy of science. A compilation of papers presented at the EPSA 13, it explores a broad distribution of topics such as causation, truthlikeness, scientific representation, gender-specific medicine, laws of nature, science funding and the wisdom of crowds. Papers are organised into headings which form the structure of the book. Readers will find that it covers several major fields within the philosophy of science, from general philosophy of science to the more specific philosophy of physics, philosophy of chemistry, philosophy of the life sciences, philosophy of psychology, and philosophy of the social sciences and humanities, amongst others. This volume provides an excellent overview of the state of the art in the philosophy of science, as practiced in different European countries and beyond. ​It will appeal to researchers with an interest in the philosophical underpinnings of their own discipline, and to philosophers who wish to explore the latest work on the themes explored.

Theory and Reality

Theory and Reality
Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2021-07-16
ISBN 10: 022677113X
ISBN 13: 9780226771137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory and Reality Book Review:

How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is “really” like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of more than a hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Examples and asides engage the beginning student, a glossary of terms explains key concepts, and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow. The second edition is thoroughly updated and expanded by the author with a new chapter on truth, simplicity, and models in science.

The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science

The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science
Author: Friedrich Stadler
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2010-05-19
ISBN 10: 9048191157
ISBN 13: 9789048191154
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science Book Review:

This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the interdisciplinary development of its specialist fields, but also to provoke reflection on the idea of ‘European philosophy of science’. This efforts should foster a contemporaneous reflection on what might be meant by philosophy of science in Europe and European philosophy of science, and how in fact awareness of it could assist philosophers interpret and motivate their research through a stronger collective identity.The overarching aim is to set the background for a collaborative project organising, systematising, and ultimately forging an identity for, European philosophy of science by creating research structures and developing research networks across Europe to promote its development.

Philosophy of Science for Scientists

Philosophy of Science for Scientists
Author: Lars-Göran Johansson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2015-12-17
ISBN 10: 3319265512
ISBN 13: 9783319265513
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science for Scientists Book Review:

This textbook offers an introduction to the philosophy of science. It helps undergraduate students from the natural, the human and social sciences to gain an understanding of what science is, how it has developed, what its core traits are, how to distinguish between science and pseudo-science and to discover what a scientific attitude is. It argues against the common assumption that there is fundamental difference between natural and human science, with natural science being concerned with testing hypotheses and discovering natural laws, and the aim of human and some social sciences being to understand the meanings of individual and social group actions. Instead examines the similarities between the sciences and shows how the testing of hypotheses and doing interpretation/hermeneutics are similar activities. The book makes clear that lessons from natural scientists are relevant to students and scholars within the social and human sciences, and vice versa. It teaches its readers how to effectively demarcate between science and pseudo-science and sets criteria for true scientific thinking. Divided into three parts, the book first examines the question What is Science? It describes the evolution of science, defines knowledge, and explains the use of and need for hypotheses and hypothesis testing. The second half of part I deals with scientific data and observation, qualitative data and methods, and ends with a discussion of theories on the development of science. Part II offers philosophical reflections on four of the most important con cepts in science: causes, explanations, laws and models. Part III presents discussions on philosophy of mind, the relation between mind and body, value-free and value-related science, and reflections on actual trends in science.

The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences

The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences
Author: Ian C Jarvie,Jesus Zamora-Bonilla
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2011-02-17
ISBN 10: 1446209717
ISBN 13: 9781446209714
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences Book Review:

- what is the relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences? - where do today's dominant approaches to doing social science come from? - what are the main fissures and debates in contemporary social scientific thought? - how are we to make sense of seemingly contrasting approaches to how social scientists find out about the world and justify their claims to have knowledge of it? In this exciting handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, and causality. Bringing together in one volume leading authorities in the field from around the world, this book will be a must-have for any serious scholar or student of the social sciences.