Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents

Ferrets  Rabbits  and Rodents
Author: Katherine Quesenberry,Christoph Mans,James W. Carpenter,Connie Orcutt
Publsiher: Saunders
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2020-06
ISBN 10: 9780323484350
ISBN 13: 0323484352
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Learn to treat a wide variety of small mammals and pocket pets with Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery, 4th Edition. Covering the conditions most often seen in veterinary practice, this highly readable and easy-to-navigate text covers preventative medicine along with disease management, ophthalmology, dentistry, and zoonosis. More than 700 full-color photographs and illustrations highlight radiographic interpretation as well as diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. This fourth edition also features new coverage of degus (large rodent species); new coverage of prairie dogs; and expanded coverage of surgical procedures, physical therapy rehabilitation and alternative medicine for rabbits, neoplasia in rabbits, and zoonotic disease. With expert contributors from around the globe, Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents is the authoritative, single point of reference for small mammal care that is hard to find elsewhere. Logical organization lays out sections by different animals and organizes parts within chapters by body system - making it quick and easy to access important information. Drug formulary provides dosage instructions for a wealth of species including ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, hamsters, rats/mice, prairie dogs, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders. More than 700 photographs and illustrations highlight key concepts such as radiographic interpretation and the main points of diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. Chapter on ophthalmology provides an area of study that is difficult to find for ferrets, rabbits, rodents, and other small mammals. Chapter outlines offer an at-a-glance overview of the chapter contents at the beginning of the chapter. Access to Expert Consult site provides an excellent comprehensive reference and a fully searchable eBook. NEW! Coverage of surgical procedures has been further expanded in this edition. Surgical procedures are presented in a separate section and shown step by step through color photographs and radiographs, accompanied by line drawings. NEW! Additional information on physical therapy rehabilitation and alternative medicine for rabbits includes chiropractic care and acupuncture. NEW! Expanded content on neoplasia in rabbits incorporates lymphoreticular disorders, thymoma, and other neoplastic diseases of rabbits. NEW! All new chapter on prairie dogs has been added. NEW! All new chapter on degus (large rodent species) has been added. UPDATED! Chapter on zoonotic disease has been updated to further cover specific zoonotic diseases in addition to addressing the increased potential for disease transmission from animals to humans. NEW! Global author perspective incorporates the expertise of authors practicing outside of North America. UPDATED! Photographs show the diseases and disorders that are more commonly seen in practice.

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents E Book

Ferrets  Rabbits and Rodents   E Book
Author: Katherine Quesenberry,James W. Carpenter
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2011-05-12
ISBN 10: 1437702880
ISBN 13: 9781437702880
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents E Book Book Review:

A concise guide to the care of small mammals, Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery covers the conditions seen most often in veterinary practice. The book emphasizes preventive medicine along with topics including disease management, ophthalmology, dentistry, and zoonosis. More than 400 illustrations demonstrate key concepts related to radiographic interpretation, relevant anatomy, and diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. Now in full color, this edition adds coverage of more surgical procedures and expands coverage of zoonotic disease. From editors Katherine Quesenberry and James W. Carpenter, along with a team of expert contributors, the "Pink Book" provides an authoritative, single source of information that is hard to find elsewhere. A logical organization makes it quick and easy to find important information, with each section devoted to a single animal and chapters within each section organized by body system. Over 400 photographs and illustrations highlight key concepts such as radiographic interpretation and the main points of diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. A chapter on ophthalmology provides hard-to-find information on eye care for ferrets, rabbits, rodents, and other small mammals. Coverage of preventive medicine includes basic biology, husbandry, and routine care of the healthy animal. The drug formulary supplies dosage instructions for ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, hamsters, rats/mice, prairie dogs, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders. Chapter outlines offer at-a-glance overviews of the contents of each chapter. Handy tables and charts make it easy to find key information. Expanded Zoonotic Diseases chapter adds more depth along with the latest information on the rising potential for disease transmission to humans as exotic pets become more popular. Additional surgical procedures for each species are included, some with step-by-step instructions accompanied by color photographs and line drawings. Full-color images show the sometimes minute structures of these small animals and make accurate diagnoses easier, especially for lymphoproliferative diseases of rabbits, endoscopy, cytology, and hematology.

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents E Book

Ferrets  Rabbits and Rodents   E Book
Author: Katherine Quesenberry,Christoph Mans,Connie Orcutt
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2020-04-24
ISBN 10: 0323484344
ISBN 13: 9780323484343
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents E Book Book Review:

Learn to treat a wide variety of small mammals and pocket pets with Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery, 4th Edition. Covering the conditions most often seen in veterinary practice, this highly readable and easy-to-navigate text covers preventative medicine along with disease management, ophthalmology, dentistry, and zoonosis. More than 700 full-color photographs and illustrations highlight radiographic interpretation as well as diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. This fourth edition also features new coverage of degus (large rodent species); new coverage of prairie dogs; and expanded coverage of surgical procedures, physical therapy rehabilitation and alternative medicine for rabbits, neoplasia in rabbits, and zoonotic disease. With expert contributors from around the globe, Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents is the authoritative, single point of reference for small mammal care that is hard to find elsewhere. Logical organization lays out sections by different animals and organizes parts within chapters by body system — making it quick and easy to access important information. Drug formulary provides dosage instructions for a wealth of species including ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, hamsters, rats/mice, prairie dogs, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders. More than 700 photographs and illustrations highlight key concepts such as radiographic interpretation and the main points of diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. Chapter on ophthalmology provides an area of study that is difficult to find for ferrets, rabbits, rodents, and other small mammals. Chapter outlines offer an at-a-glance overview of the chapter contents at the beginning of the chapter. Access to Expert Consult site provides an excellent comprehensive reference and a fully searchable eBook. NEW! Coverage of surgical procedures has been further expanded in this edition. Surgical procedures are presented in a separate section and shown step by step through color photographs and radiographs, accompanied by line drawings. NEW! Additional information on physical therapy rehabilitation and alternative medicine for rabbits includes chiropractic care and acupuncture. NEW! Expanded content on neoplasia in rabbits incorporates lymphoreticular disorders, thymoma, and other neoplastic diseases of rabbits. NEW! All new chapter on prairie dogs has been added. NEW! All new chapter on degus (large rodent species) has been added. UPDATED! Chapter on zoonotic disease has been updated to further cover specific zoonotic diseases in addition to addressing the increased potential for disease transmission from animals to humans. NEW! Global author perspective incorporates the expertise of authors practicing outside of North America. UPDATED! Photographs show the diseases and disorders that are more commonly seen in practice.

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents

Ferrets  Rabbits  and Rodents
Author: Katherine E. Quesenberry,James Wyman Carpenter
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 461
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780721693774
ISBN 13: 0721693776
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Addresses the common questions and concerns of the practicing veterinarian who works with small mammals. Serves as a useful reference for veterinary students, technicians, research scientists, pet shop owners, pet owners, and breeders. Because preventive medicine is crucial to small mammal medicine, coverage includes basic biology, husbandry, and routine care of the healthy animal. Also features chapters on disease management, surgery, and radiology. A section of the zoonotic disease chapter covers the monkey-pox outbreak in the Midwest section of the United States in May 2003. A rare zoonotic viral disease this was the first report of this in the United States and it has never been reported outside of Africa Logically organized in sections by different animals with subsequent chapters organized by body system for quick and easy access to information A Drug Formulary provides a comprehensive introduction to drug therapy Comprehensive appendices offer quick-reference to diagnosis tables, supply sources, and other practical information Features a wealth of photographs and line drawings that demonstrate radiographic interpretation and the main points of diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques Includes a chapter on ophthalmology, an area of study hard to find for ferrets, rabbits, rodents, and other small mammals Coverage of specific soft tissue surgery and general orthopedic procedures 7 new chapters covering: cardiovascular diseases of rabbits; diseases of prairie dogs; diseases of hedgehogs; diseases of sugar gliders; a combined chapter on hematology and clinical pathology; dentistry; and zoonotic disease A new full-color insert with 24 color plates on hematology and clinical pathology The latest information on Monkey-pox, a rare zoonotic viral disease outbreak that occurred in the Midwest region of the United States in May 2003

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents

Ferrets  Rabbits  and Rodents
Author: Katherine E. Quesenberry,James W. Carpenter
Publsiher: Saunders
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9781416066217
ISBN 13: 1416066217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Now in full color, this concise reference helps you care for common small mammals with coverage of preventive medicine as well as disease management and husbandry. Content not found in other resources includes chapters on ophthalmology, dentistry, and zoonosis. More than 400 images demonstrate key concepts related to radiographic interpretation, relevant anatomy, and diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. This is an invaluable reference for veterinarians, technicians, students, research scientists, pet store owners, pet owners, and breeders --Book Jacket.

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Pageburst E Book on Vitalsource Retail Access Card Clinical Medicine and Surgery

Ferrets  Rabbits  and Rodents   Pageburst E Book on Vitalsource  Retail Access Card   Clinical Medicine and Surgery
Author: Katherine Quesenberry,James W. Carpenter
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2011-12
ISBN 10: 9781455746958
ISBN 13: 1455746959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Pageburst E Book on Vitalsource Retail Access Card Clinical Medicine and Surgery Book Review:

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents

Ferrets  Rabbits  and Rodents
Author: Katherine E. Quesenberry,Connie J. Orcutt,Christoph Mans,James Wyman Carpenter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 646
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 9780323484312
ISBN 13: 032348431X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

"Learn to treat a wide variety of small mammals and pocket pets with Ferrets, rabbits, and rodents: clinical medicine and surgery, 4th edition. Covering the conditions most often seen in veterinary practice, this highly readable and easy-to-navigate text covers preventative medicine along with disease management, ophthalmology, dentistry, and zoonosis. More than 700 full-color photographs and illustrations highlight radiographic interpretation as well as diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic techniques. This fourth edition also features new coverage of degus (large rodent species); new coverage of prairie dogs; and expanded coverage of surgical procedures, physical therapy rehabilitation and alternative medicine for rabbits, neoplasia in rabbits, and zoonotic disease. With expert contributors from around the globe, Ferrets, rabbits, and rodents is the authoritative, single point of reference for small mammal care that is hard to find elsewhere." --

Radiology of Rodents Rabbits and Ferrets

Radiology of Rodents  Rabbits and Ferrets
Author: Sam Silverman,Lisa A. Tell
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780721697895
ISBN 13: 0721697895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiology of Rodents Rabbits and Ferrets Book Review:

This text offers essential coverage of normal radiographic anatomy of small mammal species including rabbit, ferret, guinea pig, chinchilla, hamster, mouse, and rat. Historically used as laboratory animals, these "pocket pets" now have increasingly higher companion animal value and owners are more commonly seeking medical care for them. This resource is designed to help veterinarians meet increasing client demand for services. It provides an understanding of normal anatomic and radiographic features that will help clinicians more easily identify abnormal features to reach an accurate diagnosis. This is the only book of its kind for these species, designed to help practitioners expand the range of services offered for exotic and "pocket" pets. Provides complete directions for positioning each species during radiographic examination to obtain the highest quality images for accurate interpretation. Includes alternative imaging modalities such as CT, MRI, and ultrasound, for advanced diagnostic interpretation. Features radiographic exposure guidelines for each species and each radiographic view, for determining optimal settings and technique. Helpful line drawings are superimposed on radiographic images for accurate identification of anatomic structures. Covers contrast media studies that can enhance detail for radiographic interpretation in species where soft tissue density detail is poor.

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Pageburst on Kno Retail Access Code

Ferrets  Rabbits and Rodents Pageburst on Kno Retail Access Code
Author: Katherine Quesenberry,James W. Carpenter
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2011-11
ISBN 10: 9781455770397
ISBN 13: 1455770396
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Pageburst on Kno Retail Access Code Book Review:

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents

Ferrets  Rabbits  and Rodents
Author: James W. Carpenter,Katherine E. Quesenberry
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 461
Release: 2007-06-01
ISBN 10: 9781416053989
ISBN 13: 1416053980
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Veterinary Consult The Veterinary Consult version of this title provides electronic access to the complete content of this book. Veterinary Consult allows you to electronically search your entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Purchasing additional Veterinary Consult titles makes your learning experience even more powerful. All of the Veterinary Consult books will work together on your electronic "bookshelf", so that you can search across your entire library of veterinary books. Veterinary Consult: It's the best way to learn! Book Description Addresses the common questions and concerns of the practicing veterinarian who works with small mammals. Serves as a useful reference for veterinary students, technicians, research scientists, pet shop owners, pet owners, and breeders. Because preventive medicine is crucial to small mammal medicine, coverage includes basic biology, husbandry, and routine care of the healthy animal. Also features chapters on disease management, surgery, and radiology. Book plus fully searchable electronic access to text.

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents

Ferrets  Rabbits and Rodents
Author: Katherine E. Quesenberry
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 569
Release: 1997
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:798065710
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ferrets Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Harkness and Wagner s Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents

Harkness and Wagner s Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents
Author: John E. Harkness,Patricia V. Turner,Susan VandeWoude,Colette L. Wheler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0813815312
ISBN 13: 9780813815312
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Harkness and Wagner s Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Harkness and Wagner's Biology and Medicine of Rabbits andRodents, Fifth Edition is a practical reference in small mammalhusbandry and health, encompassing the fields of laboratory animalmedicine and pet practice. Part of ACLAM's series of laboratoryanimal books, this text offers concise but complete coverage onrabbits and the most common rodent species, with an emphasis onbiology, clinical procedures, clinical signs, and diseases andconditions. By providing useful, accessible assessment anddiagnostic information, Harkness and Wagner's Biology andMedicine of Rabbits and Rodents aids the practitioner indiagnosing and treating conditions in small mammals. Logically organized for easy reference, the book begins withgeneral husbandry and procedures, followed by specific diseaseinformation. Harkness and Wagner's Biology and Medicineof Rabbits and Rodents is essential reading for clinicalpractitioners, laboratory animal personnel, and veterinarytechnicians. Key features: Concise but complete coverage of small mammal husbandry andhealth Encompasses the fields of laboratory animal medicine,production medicine, and pet practice Logically organized for easy reference Provides assessment and diagnostic information to aid in quickdiagnosis and treatment Includes clinical photographs and case studies Covers rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, hamsters, gerbils,mice, and rats

Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents

Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents
Author: Estella Böhmer
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2015-04-27
ISBN 10: 1118802543
ISBN 13: 9781118802540
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents is a practical guide aimed at helping clinicians successfully diagnose and treat dental problems in rabbits and rodents within their own surgeries. With over two-thirds of small mammals presenting with tooth related problems, there is great potential to enhance the treatment offered to the owners of these species. Focusing on innovative diagnostics using normal radiographic machines as well as specific positioning techniques, radiographs are presented with reference lines and detailed annotations. Richly illustrated with high quality photographs, pathological findings are described before selection of appropriate therapy and treatment is discussed. Key features include: Covers the dental anatomy and physiology of all small mammal species commonly kept as pets. Intraoral radiography and innovative positioning for imaging the guinea pig and chinchilla dentitions are described, enabling the practitioner to visualize each tooth in detail. Once a diagnosis has been reached, selection of different treatments and the advantages and disadvantages of each surgical technique are discussed. Offers helpful directives for approaching and treating dental disease without the need for referral to a specialist or the use of expensive equipment.

Blackwell s Five Minute Veterinary Consult

Blackwell s Five Minute Veterinary Consult
Author: Barbara L. Oglesbee
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2011-06-24
ISBN 10: 0470961015
ISBN 13: 9780470961018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Blackwell s Five Minute Veterinary Consult Book Review:

Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal brings together a wide range of information on diseases commonly seen in small exotic mammals into a single, accessible resource. With consistency and broad coverage unparalleled by other texts, this new edition adds sections on chinchillas, guinea pigs, and rodents to the existing rabbit and ferret topics to offer complete coverage of these popular, yet less commonly treated, species. Detailed, up-to-date information on the diagnosis and treatment options for all disorders commonly encountered in exotic companion animals is readily accessible, making this a go-to reference for any veterinarian seeing small exotic mammals, regardless of their experience level with these species. Divided into sections by species, topics are organized alphabetically, with a standardized layout that makes it easy to find information. The Second Edition includes access to customizable Client Education Handouts, which can be downloaded and used in the veterinary clinic, on a companion website at www.wiley.com/go/oglesbee. This book is an essential purchase for general practitioners treating exotic companion animals, exotic animal veterinarians, and veterinary students.

Choosing a Hamster Gerbil Guinea Pig Rabbit Ferret Mouse or Rat

Choosing a Hamster  Gerbil  Guinea Pig  Rabbit  Ferret  Mouse  or Rat
Author: Laura S. Jeffrey
Publsiher: Enslow Publishing, LLC
Total Pages: 48
Release: 2013-01-01
ISBN 10: 1464611300
ISBN 13: 9781464611308
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Choosing a Hamster Gerbil Guinea Pig Rabbit Ferret Mouse or Rat Book Review:

Which small mammal is best for your family? Hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs, rabbits, ferrets, mice, and rats make great pets. They do not need much room and they are fun to play with. This book will help readers pick the right pet. Readers will learn about what to feed their small mammal, what size cage to get, which animals can be trained, and much more. Readers learn how to take good care of their new pet so they can enjoy many fun-filled years together.

Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry

Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry
Author: Ron E. Banks,Julie M. Sharp,Sonia D. Doss,Deborah A. Vanderford
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2013-05-23
ISBN 10: 1118708857
ISBN 13: 9781118708859
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry Book Review:

Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry is a practical reference for assessing, handling, and treating small exotic animals in the veterinary clinic. Covering common species such as mice, hamsters, rabbits, and ferrets, the book focuses on nursing care, giving veterinary staff the information they need to work with these less-common patients. With information on basic anatomy, preventative care, and common diseases, Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry provides a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of caring for small exotic mammals and communicating with owners.

Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits

Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits
Author: Stephen W. Barthold,Stephen M. Griffey,Dean H. Percy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2016-01-04
ISBN 10: 1118924037
ISBN 13: 9781118924037
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits Book Review:

Now in its fourth edition, Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits has become a standard text for veterinary pathologists, laboratory animal veterinarians, students, and others interested in these species. • The standard reference on the pathogenesis and cardinal diagnostic features of diseases of mice, rats, hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs, and rabbits • Expanded coverage of rabbit disease, normal anatomic features, and biology • Over 450 color photographs illustrating gross and microscopic pathology • Companion website offering images from the text in PowerPoint

The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents

The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents
Author: John E. Harkness,Joseph E. Wagner
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 230
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015018483878
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents Book Review:

Rapid Review of Exotic Animal Medicine and Husbandry

Rapid Review of Exotic Animal Medicine and Husbandry
Author: Karen L. Rosenthal,Neil Forbes,Fredric L. Frye,Gregory A. Lewbart
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2008-03-28
ISBN 10: 9781840760552
ISBN 13: 1840760559
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rapid Review of Exotic Animal Medicine and Husbandry Book Review:

Four authors of international renown have combined their practical and instructional skills to provide this focused yet wide-ranging review. The book is divided into four sections—small mammals, birds, reptiles/amphibians, ornamental fish—and consists of an introduction to the essential aspects of medicine and husbandry of each group of animals, 400 color-illustrated clinical cases, plus summary questions to highlight key points. The cases are a blend of the more common and especially interesting conditions, and cover clinical presentation, etiology/pathogenesis, investigation, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management options, prognosis and husbandry advice to the client. The case-based approach offers the freedom to deal succinctly with multifactorial and multisystemic conditions. Cases are cross-referenced, cite key references and there is a detailed index. The Rapid Review is designed to appeal to veterinary practitioners dealing with an ever-wider variety of animals, to veterinary instructors and students, technicians, nurses and assistants, and to other animal health professionals in practice and training.

Manual of Exotic Pet Practice

Manual of Exotic Pet Practice
Author: Mark A. Mitchell,Thomas N. Tully
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 546
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1416001190
ISBN 13: 9781416001195
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manual of Exotic Pet Practice Book Review:

This practical, user-friendly resource provides essential information on the care and treatment of exotic pets. Coverage includes common health and nutritional issues, as well as restraint techniques, lab values, drug dosages, and special equipment needed to treat exotic animals.