Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites
Author: Emile Greenhalgh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2009-09-28
ISBN 10: 1845696816
ISBN 13: 9781845696818
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book Review:

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites
Author: E. Greenhalgh,MJ Hiley,CB Meeks
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2009-10-27
ISBN 10: 9781420079647
ISBN 13: 1420079646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book Review:

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to an increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of the fracture surface morphology and is an essential tool for advancing the understanding of confidence in composite structural behavior. Fractography gives an insight into damage mechanisms and underpins the development of physically based failure criteria. It provides a vital link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed structures, the findings of which are used to optimize future designs. This authoritative reference work provides both an overview of the field and a reference text for engineers.

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers
Author: Michael Hayes,Dale Edwards,Andy Shah
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2015-05-08
ISBN 10: 0323297994
ISBN 13: 9780323297998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers Book Review:

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics
Author: ASM International,Steve Lampman
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1615030735
ISBN 13: 9781615030736
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics Book Review:

The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention
Author: John Moalli
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2001-12-31
ISBN 10: 081551865X
ISBN 13: 9780815518655
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention Book Review:

This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites
Author: Anne C. Roulin-Moloney
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 540
Release: 1989-06-06
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015047335479
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites Book Review:

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials
Author: Charles R. Brooks,Ashok Choudhury
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 602
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9780071357586
ISBN 13: 0071357580
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials Book Review:

This text introduces the important aspects associated with the failure analysis of engineering components; and provides a treatment of both macroscopic and microscopic observations of fracture surfaces. --

Fractography

Fractography
Author: Derek Hull
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 1999-09-23
ISBN 10: 9780521646840
ISBN 13: 0521646847
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fractography Book Review:

Fracture surfaces are produced by breaking a solid. The appearance of the surface, particularly the topography, depends on the type of material - metal, polymer, ceramic, biomaterial, composite, rock - and on the conditions under which it was broken - stress (tensile, shear, creep, fatigue, impact), temperature, environment (air, water, oil, acid), etc. This 1999 book describes ways of studying the surface topography, and the interpretation of the topographical features in terms of the microstructure and the way it was tested. Fractography has numerous applications in a range of materials, and is particularly relevant in materials science and to inter-disciplinary subjects involving materials science, including physics, chemistry, engineering, biomimetics, earth sciences, biology and archaeology. This book provides the basis for an understanding of deformation and fracture in all solids, for interpreting fracture surface topography, and for the design of clear and unambiguous experiments involving many aspects of fracture in a wide range of solids.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries
Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2015-09-01
ISBN 10: 0128011777
ISBN 13: 9780128011775
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries Book Review:

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries provides a thorough understanding of the reasons materials fail in certain situations, covering important scenarios, including material defects, mechanical failure as a result of improper design, corrosion, surface fracture, and other environmental causes. The book begins with a general overview of materials failure analysis and its importance, and then logically proceeds from a discussion of the failure analysis process, types of failure analysis, and specific tools and techniques, to chapters on analysis of materials failure from various causes. Later chapters feature a selection of newer examples of failure analysis cases in such strategic industrial sectors as aerospace, oil & gas, and chemicals. Covers the most common types of materials failure, analysis, and possible solutions Provides the most up-to-date and balanced coverage of failure analysis, combining foundational knowledge, current research on the latest developments, and innovations in the field Ideal accompaniment for those interested in materials forensic investigation, failure of materials, static failure analysis, dynamic failure analysis, fatigue life prediction, rotorcraft, failure prediction, fatigue crack propagation, bevel pinion failure, gasketless flange, thermal barrier coatings Presents compelling new case studies from key industries to demonstrate concepts Highlights the role of site conditions, operating conditions at the time of failure, history of equipment and its operation, corrosion product sampling, metallurgical and electrochemical factors, and morphology of failure

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Rui Miranda Guedes
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 586
Release: 2019-03-14
ISBN 10: 0081026021
ISBN 13: 9780081026021
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Book Review:

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites, Second Edition, updates the latest research in modeling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modeling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behavior as a way of predicting performance and service life. Final sections discuss techniques for modeling creep rupture and failure and how to test and predict long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. Reviews the latest research in modeling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites Puts a specific focus on viscoelastic and viscoplastic modeling Features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Examines the creep rupture and damage interaction, with a particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for the lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures that are illustrated using experimental cases

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-01-19
ISBN 10: 0857095323
ISBN 13: 9780857095329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Book Review:

Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials
Author: Wolfgang Grellmann,Beate Langer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 533
Release: 2017-07-12
ISBN 10: 3319418793
ISBN 13: 9783319418797
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials Book Review:

This book covers the most recent advances in the deformation and fracture behaviour of polymer material. It provides deeper insight into related morphology–property correlations of thermoplastics, elastomers and polymer resins. Each chapter of this book gives a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art methods of materials testing and diagnostics, tailored for plastic pipes, films and adhesive systems as well as elastomeric components and others. The investigation of deformation and fracture behaviour using the experimental methods of fracture mechanics has been the subject of intense research during the last decade. In a systematic manner, modern aspects of fracture mechanics in the industrial application of polymers for bridging basic research and industrial development are illustrated by multifarious examples of innovative materials usage. This book will be of value to scientists, engineers and in polymer materials science.

Optical Microscopy of Fiber Reinforced Composites

Optical Microscopy of Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Brian S. Hayes,Luther M. Gammon
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 161503143X
ISBN 13: 9781615031436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Microscopy of Fiber Reinforced Composites Book Review:

Optical microscopy is one of the most valuable--but under utilized--tools for analyzing fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites. This hands-on instructional book covers everything: sample preparation, microscopic techniques, and applications. The power of optical microscopy to study the microstructure of these heterogeneous, anisotropic materials is illustrated with over 180 full color images.

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials
Author: K. Friedrich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 686
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444597212
ISBN 13: 9780444597212
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials Book Review:

This multiauthor volume provides a useful summary of current knowledge on the application of fracture mechanics to composite materials. It has been written to fill the gap between the literature on fundamental principles of fracture mechanics and the special publications on the fracture properties of conventional materials, such as metals, polymers and ceramics. The data are represented in the form of about 420 figures (including diagrams, schematics and photographs) and 80 tables. The author index covers more than 500 references, and the subject index more than 1000 key words.

Damage and Fracture Mechanics

Damage and Fracture Mechanics
Author: Taoufik Boukharouba,Mimoun Elboujdaini,Guy Pluvinage
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 611
Release: 2009-08-09
ISBN 10: 904812669X
ISBN 13: 9789048126699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Damage and Fracture Mechanics Book Review:

The First African InterQuadrennial ICF Conference “AIQ-ICF2008” on Damage and Fracture Mechanics – Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials and Structures”, Algiers, Algeria, June 1–5, 2008 is the first in the series of InterQuadrennial Conferences on Fracture to be held in the continent of Africa. During the conference, African researchers have shown that they merit a strong reputation in international circles and continue to make substantial contributions to the field of fracture mechanics. As in most countries, the research effort in Africa is und- taken at the industrial, academic, private sector and governmental levels, and covers the whole spectrum of fracture and fatigue. The AIQ-ICF2008 has brought together researchers and engineers to review and discuss advances in the development of methods and approaches on Damage and Fracture Mechanics. By bringing together the leading international experts in the field, AIQ-ICF promotes technology transfer and provides a forum for industry and researchers of the host nation to present their accomplishments and to develop new ideas at the highest level. International Conferences have an important role to play in the technology transfer process, especially in terms of the relationships to be established between the participants and the informal exchange of ideas that this ICF offers.

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: R M Guedes
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2010-11-29
ISBN 10: 0857090437
ISBN 13: 9780857090430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Book Review:

Creep is the tendency of materials to deform when subjected to long-term stress, particularly when exposed to heat. Fatigue phenomena occur when a material is subjected to cyclic loading, causing damage which may progress to failure. Both are critical factors in the long-term performance and reliability of materials such as polymer matrix composites which are often exposed to these types of stress in civil engineering and other applications. This important book reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modelling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behaviour as a way of predicting performance and service life. Part two discusses techniques for modelling creep rupture and failure. The final part of the book discusses ways of testing and predicting long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites is a standard reference for all those researching and using polymer matrix composites in such areas as civil engineering. Reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites A specific focus on viscoelestic and viscoplastic modelling features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Creep rupture and damage interaction is examined with particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures illustrated using experimental cases

Handbook of Adhesion Technology

Handbook of Adhesion Technology
Author: Lucas F. M. da Silva,Andreas Öchsner,Robert D. Adams
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1554
Release: 2011-06-10
ISBN 10: 3642011683
ISBN 13: 9783642011689
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Adhesion Technology Book Review:

Adhesives have been used for thousands of years, but until 100 years ago, the vast majority was from natural products such as bones, skins, fish, milk, and plants. Since about 1900, adhesives based on synthetic polymers have been introduced, and today, there are many industrial uses of adhesives and sealants. It is difficult to imagine a product—in the home, in industry, in transportation, or anywhere else for that matter—that does not use adhesives or sealants in some manner. The Handbook of Adhesion Technology is intended to be the definitive reference in the field of adhesion. Essential information is provided for all those concerned with the adhesion phenomenon. Adhesion is a phenomenon of interest in diverse scientific disciplines and of importance in a wide range of technologies. Therefore, this handbook includes the background science (physics, chemistry and materials science), engineering aspects of adhesion and industry specific applications. It is arranged in a user-friendly format with ten main sections: theory of adhesion, surface treatments, adhesive and sealant materials, testing of adhesive properties, joint design, durability, manufacture, quality control, applications and emerging areas. Each section contains about five chapters written by internationally renowned authors who are authorities in their fields. This book is intended to be a reference for people needing a quick, but authoritative, description of topics in the field of adhesion and the practical use of adhesives and sealants. Scientists and engineers of many different backgrounds who need to have an understanding of various aspects of adhesion technology will find it highly valuable. These will include those working in research or design, as well as others involved with marketing services. Graduate students in materials, processes and manufacturing will also want to consult it.

Fatigue of Fiber reinforced Composites

Fatigue of Fiber reinforced Composites
Author: Anastasios P. Vassilopoulos,Thomas Keller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2011-07-14
ISBN 10: 9781849961813
ISBN 13: 1849961816
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fatigue of Fiber reinforced Composites Book Review:

Fatigue has long been recognized as a mechanism that can provoke catastrophic material failure in structural applications and researchers are now turning to the development of prediction tools in order to reduce the cost of determining design criteria for any new material. Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites explains these highly scientific subjects in a simple yet thorough way. Fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced composite materials and structural components is described through the presentation of numerous experimental results. Many examples help the reader to visualize the failure modes of laminated composite materials and structural adhesively bonded joints. Theoretical models, based on these experimental data, are demonstrated and their capacity for fatigue life modeling and prediction is thoroughly assessed. Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites gives the reader the opportunity to learn about methods for modeling the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced composites, about statistical analysis of experimental data, and about theories for life prediction under loading patterns that produce multiaxial fatigue stress states. The authors combine these theories to establish a complete design process that is able to predict fatigue life of fiber-reinforced composites under multiaxial, variable amplitude stress states. A classic design methodology is presented for demonstration and theoretical predictions are compared to experimental data from typical material systems used in the wind turbine rotor blade industry. Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites also presents novel computational methods for modeling fatigue behavior of composite materials, such as artificial neural networks and genetic programming, as a promising alternative to the conventional methods. It is an ideal source of information for researchers and graduate students in mechanical engineering, civil engineering and materials science.

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites
Author: B. Tomas Astrom
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2018-04-27
ISBN 10: 1351433792
ISBN 13: 9781351433792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites Book Review:

The potential application areas for polymer composites are vast. While techniques and methodologies for composites design are relatively well established, the knowledge and understanding of post-design issues lag far behind. This leads to designs and eventually composites with disappointing properties and unnecessarily high cost, thus impeding a wider industrial acceptance of polymer composites. Manufacturing of Polymer Composites completely covers pre- and post-design issues. While the book enables students to become fully comfortable with composites as a possible materials choice, it also provides sufficient knowledge about manufacturing-related issues to permit them to avoid common pitfalls and unmanufacturable designs. The book is a fully comprehensive text covering all commercially significant materials and manufacturing techniques while at the same time discussing areas of research and development that are nearing commercial reality.

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis
Author: Vishu Shah
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2007-03-05
ISBN 10: 0470100419
ISBN 13: 9780470100417
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis Book Review:

Written in easy-to-read and -use format, this book updates and revises its bestselling predecessor to become the most complete, comprehensive resource on plastics testing. This book has an emphasis on significance of test methods and interpretation of results. The book covers all aspects of plastics testing, failure analysis, and quality assurance - including chapters on identification analysis, failure analysis, and case studies. The book concludes with a substantial appendix with useful data, charts and tables for ready reference. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.