Evolution by Tumor Neofunctionalization

Evolution by Tumor Neofunctionalization
Author: Andrei P. Kozlov
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2014-02-15
ISBN 10: 0128004983
ISBN 13: 9780128004982
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution by Tumor Neofunctionalization Book Review:

Evolution by Tumor Neofunctionalization explores the possibility of the positive role of tumors in evolution of multicellular organisms. This unique perspective goes beyond recent publications on how evolution may influence tumors, to consider the possible role of tumors in evolution. Widespread in nature tumors represent a much broader category than malignant tumors only. The majority of tumors in humans and other animals may never undergo malignant transformation. Tumors may differentiate with the loss of malignancy, and malignant tumors may spontaneously regress. Cellular oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes play roles in normal development. Many features of tumors could be used in evolution, and there are examples of tumors that have played a role in evolution. This book will stimulate thinking on this topic by specialists in the fields of evolutionary biology, oncology, molecular biology, molecular evolution, embryology, evo-devo, tumor immunology, pathology and clinical oncology. Covers the role that tumors might play in evolution. Provides multidisciplinary approach that will appeal to a wide circle of professionals in the fields of evolutionary biology, oncology, molecular biology, and more

Macroevolution

Macroevolution
Author: Emanuele Serrelli,Nathalie Gontier
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2015-02-13
ISBN 10: 3319150456
ISBN 13: 9783319150451
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Macroevolution Book Review:

This book is divided in two parts, the first of which shows how, beyond paleontology and systematics, macroevolutionary theories apply key insights from ecology and biogeography, developmental biology, biophysics, molecular phylogenetics and even the sociocultural sciences to explain evolution in deep time. In the second part, the phenomenon of macroevolution is examined with the help of real life-history case studies on the evolution of eukaryotic sex, the formation of anatomical form and body-plans, extinction and speciation events of marine invertebrates, hominin evolution and species conservation ethics. The book brings together leading experts, who explain pivotal concepts such as Punctuated Equilibria, Stasis, Developmental Constraints, Adaptive Radiations, Habitat Tracking, Turnovers, (Mass) Extinctions, Species Sorting, Major Transitions, Trends and Hierarchies – key premises that allow macroevolutionary epistemic frameworks to transcend microevolutionary theories that focus on genetic variation, selection, migration and fitness. Along the way, the contributing authors review ongoing debates and current scientific challenges; detail new and fascinating scientific tools and techniques that allow us to cross the classic borders between disciplines; demonstrate how their theories make it possible to extend the Modern Synthesis; present guidelines on how the macroevolutionary field could be further developed; and provide a rich view of just how it was that life evolved across time and space. In short, this book is a must-read for active scholars and because the technical aspects are fully explained, it is also accessible for non-specialists. Understanding evolution requires a solid grasp of above-population phenomena. Species are real biological individuals and abiotic factors impact the future course of evolution. Beyond observation, when the explanation of macroevolution is the goal, we need both evidence and theory that enable us to explain and interpret how life evolves at the grand scale.

Progress in Botany Vol 81

Progress in Botany Vol  81
Author: Francisco M. Cánovas,Ulrich Lüttge,Christoph Leuschner,María-Carmen Risueño
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2020-01-23
ISBN 10: 3030363279
ISBN 13: 9783030363277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Botany Vol 81 Book Review:

With one volume each year, this series keeps scientists and advanced students informed of the latest developments and results in all areas of the plant sciences. The present volume includes reviews on plant physiology, biochemistry, genetics and genomics, forests, and ecosystems.

Breadmaking

Breadmaking
Author: S P Cauvain
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 832
Release: 2012-04-25
ISBN 10: 0857095692
ISBN 13: 9780857095695
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breadmaking Book Review:

The first edition of Breadmaking: Improving quality quickly established itself as an essential purchase for baking professionals and researchers in this area. With comprehensively updated and revised coverage, including six new chapters, the second edition helps readers to understand the latest developments in bread making science and practice. The book opens with two introductory chapters providing an overview of the breadmaking process. Part one focuses on the impacts of wheat and flour quality on bread, covering topics such as wheat chemistry, wheat starch structure, grain quality assessment, milling and wheat breeding. Part two covers dough development and bread ingredients, with chapters on dough aeration and rheology, the use of redox agents and enzymes in breadmaking and water control, among other topics. In part three, the focus shifts to bread sensory quality, shelf life and safety. Topics covered include bread aroma, staling and contamination. Finally, part four looks at particular bread products such as high fibre breads, those made from partially baked and frozen dough and those made from non-wheat flours. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, the second edition of Breadmaking: Improving quality is a standard reference for researchers and professionals in the bread industry and all those involved in academic research on breadmaking science and practice. With comprehensively updated and revised coverage, this second edition outlines the latest developments in breadmaking science and practice Covers topics such as wheat chemistry, wheat starch structure, grain quality assessment, milling and wheat breeding Discusses dough development and bread ingredients, with chapters on dough aeration and rheology

Evolution Driven by Organismal Behavior

Evolution Driven by Organismal Behavior
Author: Rui Diogo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2017-03-08
ISBN 10: 3319475819
ISBN 13: 9783319475813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution Driven by Organismal Behavior Book Review:

This book proposes a new way to think about evolution. The author carefully brings together evidence from diverse fields of science. In the process, he bridges the gaps between many different--and usually seen as conflicting--ideas to present one integrative theory named ONCE, which stands for Organic Nonoptimal Constrained Evolution. The author argues that evolution is mainly driven by the behavioral choices and persistence of organisms themselves, in a process in which Darwinian natural selection is mainly a secondary--but still crucial--evolutionary player. Within ONCE, evolution is therefore generally made of mistakes and mismatches and trial-and-error situations, and is not a process where organisms engage in an incessant, suffocating struggle in which they can't thrive if they are not optimally adapted to their habitats and the external environment. Therefore, this unifying view incorporates a more comprehensive view of the diversity and complexity of life by stressing that organisms are not merely passive evolutionary players under the rule of external factors. This insightful and well-reasoned argument is based on numerous fascinating case studies from a wide range of organisms, including bacteria, plants, insects and diverse examples from the evolution of our own species. The book has an appeal to researchers, students, teachers, and those with an interest in the history and philosophy of science, as well as to the broader public, as it brings life back into biology by emphasizing that organisms, including humans, are the key active players in evolution and thus in the future of life on this wonderful planet.

Vaccines for Cancer Immunotherapy

Vaccines for Cancer Immunotherapy
Author: Nima Rezaei,Mahsa Keshavarz-Fathi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2018-10-17
ISBN 10: 0128140402
ISBN 13: 9780128140406
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vaccines for Cancer Immunotherapy Book Review:

Therapeutic cancer vaccines represent a type of active cancer immunotherapy. Clinicians, scientists, and researchers working on cancer treatment require evidence-based and up-to-date resources relating to therapeutic cancer vaccines. Vaccines for Cancer Immunotherapy provides a reference for cancer treatment for clinicians and presents a well-organized resource for determining high-potential research areas. The book considers that this promising modality can be made more feasible as a treatment for cancer. Chapters cover cancer immunology, general approaches to cancer immunotherapy, vaccines, tumor antigens, the strategy of allogeneic and autologous cancer vaccines, personalized vaccines, whole-tumor antigen vaccines, protein and peptide vaccines, dendritic cell vaccines, genetic vaccines, candidate cancers for vaccination, obstacles to developing therapeutic cancer vaccines, combination therapy, future perspectives and concluding remarks on therapeutic cancer vaccines. Introduces the feasible immunotherapeutic vaccines for patients with different types of cancer Presents the status of past and current vaccines for cancer treatment Considers advantages and disadvantages of different therapeutic cancer vaccines Looks at the combination of vaccines and other modalities, including immunotherapeutic and conventional methods Analyzes obstacles to development of therapeutic cancer vaccines Gives a view on future perspectives in the application of therapeutic cancer vaccines

Homology Genes and Evolutionary Innovation

Homology  Genes  and Evolutionary Innovation
Author: Günter P. Wagner
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2018-07-10
ISBN 10: 0691180679
ISBN 13: 9780691180670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Homology Genes and Evolutionary Innovation Book Review:

A major synthesis of homology, written by a top researcher in the field Homology—a similar trait shared by different species and derived from common ancestry, such as a seal's fin and a bird’s wing—is one of the most fundamental yet challenging concepts in evolutionary biology. This groundbreaking book provides the first mechanistically based theory of what homology is and how it arises in evolution. Günter Wagner, one of the preeminent researchers in the field, argues that homology, or character identity, can be explained through the historical continuity of character identity networks—that is, the gene regulatory networks that enable differential gene expression. He shows how character identity is independent of the form and function of the character itself because the same network can activate different effector genes and thus control the development of different shapes, sizes, and qualities of the character. Demonstrating how this theoretical model can provide a foundation for understanding the evolutionary origin of novel characters, Wagner applies it to the origin and evolution of specific systems, such as cell types; skin, hair, and feathers; limbs and digits; and flowers. The first major synthesis of homology to be published in decades, Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation reveals how a mechanistically based theory can serve as a unifying concept for any branch of science concerned with the structure and development of organisms, and how it can help explain major transitions in evolution and broad patterns of biological diversity.

Evolutionary Biology from Concept to Application

Evolutionary Biology from Concept to Application
Author: Pierre Pontarotti
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2008-06-20
ISBN 10: 3540789936
ISBN 13: 9783540789932
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Biology from Concept to Application Book Review:

Every biological system is the outcome of its evolution; therefore, the deciphering of its evolutionary history is of tremendous importance to understand the biology of a system. Since 1997 scientists of different disciplines have held an annual "Evolutionary Biology Meeting" at Marseille (France) in order to discuss their research developments, exchange ideas and start collaborations. Consisting of the most representative talks of the 11th meeting, this book provides an up-to-date overview of evolutionary concepts and how these concepts can be applied to a better understanding of various biological aspects. It is divided into the following four parts: Modelization of Evolution - Concepts in Evolutionary Biology - Knowledge - Applied Evolutionary Biology. This book is an invaluable source of information not only for evolutionary biologists, but also for biologists in general.

Epigenetics Territory and Cancer

Epigenetics Territory and Cancer
Author: Parvin Mehdipour
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 539
Release: 2015-03-18
ISBN 10: 9401796394
ISBN 13: 9789401796392
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics Territory and Cancer Book Review:

This book explores epigenetic strategies, bridging fundamental cancer epigenetics, different paradigms in tumor genetics and translational understanding for both the clinic and improved lifestyles. The work provides target-based insights for treating different types of cancers and presents research on evolutionary epigenetics, introducing ‘Medical Epi- Anthropology’ and ‘Cancer Epi-Anthropology’. Translating multi-disciplinary research into therapeutic design is at the core of this book. Readers may explore how cancer management involves unmasking the involved networks and the interactive status of different genes to achieve the appropriate methylome based therapy. Early chapters explore fundamental aspects and brain tumours, whilst later chapters investigate breast cancer and various other cancers, and the final chapter presents an evolutionary insight in cancer epigenetics, considering that the epigene is beyond DNA methylation, RNA interference and histone modification in cancer development. This book will be of interest to researchers in different medical and scientific fields, including clinical management (diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, prevention, and guidelines), genetic education, nutrition and nutrigenomics, industrial chemistry, and drug innovation. Because of the unique bridging between science and medicine this book will also be useful as an educational and translational research package.

Bread Making

Bread Making
Author: Stanley P Cauvain
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2003-09-17
ISBN 10: 9780849317620
ISBN 13: 0849317622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bread Making Book Review:

Edited by one of the world's leading authorities in the field, Bread Making: Improving Quality reviews key recent research on the ingredients determining bread characteristics. The text discusses what this information means for improved process control and a better, more consistent product. After an introductory review, Part 1 discusses such concepts as the structure and quality of wheat and flour, and methods for measuring quality. Part 2 covers dough formation and its impact on bread's structure and properties. This includes such concepts as foam formation and bread aeration, key ingredients, improving taste and nutritional properties, and the prevention of moulds and mycotoxin contamination.

Venoms Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

Venoms   Advances in Research and Application  2013 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 69
Release: 2013-06-21
ISBN 10: 1481681141
ISBN 13: 9781481681148
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Venoms Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition Book Review:

Venoms—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Snake Venoms in a concise format. The editors have built Venoms—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Snake Venoms in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Venoms—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Neurobiology of Motor Control

Neurobiology of Motor Control
Author: Scott L. Hooper,Ansgar Büschges
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2017-06-21
ISBN 10: 1118873629
ISBN 13: 9781118873625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Motor Control Book Review:

A multi-disciplinary look at the current state of knowledge regarding motor control and movement—from molecular biology to robotics The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sophisticated tools and methodologies for exploring motor control and movement. Multi-unit recordings, molecular neurogenetics, computer simulation, and new scientific approaches for studying how muscles and body anatomy transform motor neuron activity into movement have helped revolutionize the field. Neurobiology of Motor Control brings together contributions from an interdisciplinary group of experts to provide a review of the current state of knowledge about the initiation and execution of movement, as well as the latest methods and tools for investigating them. The book ranges from the findings of basic scientists studying model organisms such as mollusks and Drosophila, to biomedical researchers investigating vertebrate motor production to neuroengineers working to develop robotic and smart prostheses technologies. Following foundational chapters on current molecular biological techniques, neuronal ensemble recording, and computer simulation, it explores a broad range of related topics, including the evolution of motor systems, directed targeted movements, plasticity and learning, and robotics. Explores motor control and movement in a wide variety of organisms, from simple invertebrates to human beings Offers concise summaries of motor control systems across a variety of animals and movement types Explores an array of tools and methodologies, including electrophysiological techniques, neurogenic and molecular techniques, large ensemble recordings, and computational methods Considers unresolved questions and how current scientific advances may be used to solve them going forward Written specifically to encourage interdisciplinary understanding and collaboration, and offering the most wide-ranging, timely, and comprehensive look at the science of motor control and movement currently available, Neurobiology of Motor Control is a must-read for all who study movement production and the neurobiological basis of movement—from molecular biologists to roboticists.

Cancer Evolution

Cancer Evolution
Author: Charles Swanton
Publsiher: Perspectives Cshl
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2017
ISBN 10: 9781621821434
ISBN 13: 1621821439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer Evolution Book Review:

Tumor progression is driven by mutations that confer growth advantages to different subpopulations of cancer cells. As a tumor grows, these subpopulations expand, accumulate new mutations, and are subjected to selective pressures from the environment, including anticancer interventions. This process, termed clonal evolution, can lead to the emergence of therapy-resistant tumors and poses a major challenge for cancer eradication efforts. Written and edited by experts in the field, this collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine examines cancer progression as an evolutionary process and explores how this way of looking at cancer may lead to more effective strategies for managing and treating it. The contributors review efforts to characterize the subclonal architecture and dynamics of tumors, understand the roles of chromosomal instability, driver mutations, and mutation order, and determine how cancer cells respond to selective pressures imposed by anticancer agents, immune cells, and other components of the tumor microenvironment. They compare cancer evolution to organismal evolution and describe how ecological theories and mathematical models are being used to understand the complex dynamics between a tumor and its microenvironment during cancer progression. The authors also discuss improved methods to monitor tumor evolution (e.g., liquid biopsies) and the development of more effective strategies for managing and treating cancers (e.g., immunotherapies). This volume will therefore serve as a vital reference for all cancer biologists as well as anyone seeking to improve clinical outcomes for patients with cancer.

The Logic of Chance

The Logic of Chance
Author: Eugene V. Koonin
Publsiher: FT Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2011-06-23
ISBN 10: 9780132623179
ISBN 13: 013262317X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logic of Chance Book Review:

The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept; the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes. "Koonin's account of viral and pre-eukaryotic evolution is undoubtedly up-to-date. His "mega views" of evolution (given what was said above) and his cosmological musings, on the other hand, are interesting reading." Summing Up: Recommended Reprinted with permission from CHOICE, copyright by the American Library Association.

Evolution of the Protein Synthesis Machinery and Its Regulation

Evolution of the Protein Synthesis Machinery and Its Regulation
Author: Greco Hernández,Rosemary Jagus
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2016-08-10
ISBN 10: 3319394681
ISBN 13: 9783319394688
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution of the Protein Synthesis Machinery and Its Regulation Book Review:

The “omics” era has given a new perspective to the findings on the origin and evolution of the process of translation. This book provides insight into the evolution of the translation process and machinery from a modern perspective. Written by leading experts in molecular biology, this text looks into the origins and evolution of the protein synthetic machinery.

Evolution after Gene Duplication

Evolution after Gene Duplication
Author: Katharina Dittmar,David Liberles
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2011-06-09
ISBN 10: 1118148096
ISBN 13: 9781118148099
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution after Gene Duplication Book Review:

Gene duplication has long been believed to have played a major role in the rise of biological novelty through evolution of new function and gene expression patterns. The first book to examine gene duplication across all levels of biological organization, Evolution after Gene Duplication presents a comprehensive picture of the mechanistic process by which gene duplication may have played a role in generating biodiversity. Key Features: Explores comparative genomics, genome evolution studies and analysis of multi-gene families such as Hox, globins, olfactory receptors and MHC (immune system) A complete post-genome treatment of the topic originally covered by Ohno's 1970 classic, this volume extends coverage to include the fate of associated regulatory pathways Taps the significant increase in multi-gene family data that has resulted from comparative genomics Comprehensive coverage that includes opposing theoretical viewpoints, comparative genomics data, theoretical and empirical evidence and the role of bioinformatics in the study of gene duplication This up-to-date overview of theory and mathematical models along with practical examples is suitable for scientists across various levels of biology as well as instructors and graduate students.

Evolution by Gene Duplication

Evolution by Gene Duplication
Author: Susumu Ohno
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2013-12-11
ISBN 10: 364286659X
ISBN 13: 9783642866593
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution by Gene Duplication Book Review:

It is said that "necessity is the mother of invention". To be sure, wheels and pulleys were invented out of necessity by the tenacious minds of upright citi zens. Looking at the history of mankind, however, one has to add that "Ieisure is the mother of cultural improvement". Man's creative genius flourished only when his mind, freed from the worry of daily toils, was permitted to entertain apparently useless thoughts. In the same manner, one might say with regard to evolution that "natural selection mere(y tnodifted, while redundanry created". Natural selection has been extremely effective in policing alleHe mutations which arise in already existing gene loci. Because of natural selection, organisms have been able to adapt to changing environments, and by adaptive radiation many new species were created from a common ancestral form. Y et, being an effective policeman, natural selection is extremely conservative by nature. Had evolution been entirely dependent upon natural selection, from a bacterium only numerous forms of bacteria would have emerged. The creation of metazoans, vertebrates and finally mammals from unicellular organisms would have been quite impos sible, for such big leaps in evolution required the creation of new gene loci with previously nonexistent functions. Only the cistron which became redun dant was able to escape from the relentless pressure of natural selection, and by escaping, it accumulated formerly forbidden mutations to emerge as a new gene locus.

Genome Evolution

Genome Evolution
Author: Axel Meyer,Yves van de Peer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2003-04-30
ISBN 10: 9781402010217
ISBN 13: 1402010214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genome Evolution Book Review:

Table of contents

Recent Progress in Understanding the Mechanism and Consequences of Retrotransposon Movement

Recent Progress in Understanding the Mechanism and Consequences of Retrotransposon Movement
Author: David J. Garfinkel,Katarzyna J. Purzycka
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2018-07-10
ISBN 10: 3038425400
ISBN 13: 9783038425403
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Progress in Understanding the Mechanism and Consequences of Retrotransposon Movement Book Review:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Recent Progress in Understanding the Mechanism and Consequences of Retrotransposon Movement" that was published in Viruses

Vitamin K and Vitamin K Dependent Proteins in Relation to Human Health

Vitamin K and Vitamin K Dependent Proteins in Relation to Human Health
Author: Martin J. Shearer,Leon J. Schurgers
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2018-04-17
ISBN 10: 3038428310
ISBN 13: 9783038428312
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vitamin K and Vitamin K Dependent Proteins in Relation to Human Health Book Review:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Vitamin K and Vitamin K-Dependent Proteins in Relation to Human Health" that was published in Nutrients