Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: James L. Bernat,Richard Beresford
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0444535047
ISBN 13: 9780444535047
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethics Includes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology
Author: James L. Bernat
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9780781790604
ISBN 13: 0781790603
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical Issues in Neurology Book Review:

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated material on palliative sedation, advance directives, ICU withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy, gene therapy, the very-low-birth-weight premature infant, the developmentally disabled patient, informed consent, organizational ethics, brain death controversies, and fMRI and PET studies relating to persistent vegetative state.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: Marie-Aurélie Bruno,Steven Laureys,Athena Demertzi
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128080795
ISBN 13: 9780128080795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

Patients in coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and in minimally conscious states pose medical, scientific, and ethical challenges. As patients with disorders of consciousness are by definition unable to communicate, the assessment of pain, quality of life, and end-of-life preferences in these conditions can only be approached by adopting a third-person perspective. Surveys of healthcare workers’ attitudes towards pain and end of life in disorders of consciousness shed light on the background of clinical reality, where no standard medical-legal framework is widely accepted. On the other hand, patients with locked-in syndrome, who are severely paralyzed but fully conscious, can inform about subjective quality of life in serious disability and help us to understand better the underlying factors influencing happiness in disease. In the medico-legal arena, such ethical issues may be resolved by previously drafted advance directives and, when absent, by surrogate representation. Lately, functional medical imaging and electrophysiology provide alternative means to communicate with these challenging patients and will potentially mediate to extract responses of medical-ethical content. Eventually, the clinical translation of these advanced technologies in the medical routine is of paramount importance for the promotion of medical management of these challenging patients.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: Eric Racine,Emily Bell,Michael Shevell
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128080833
ISBN 13: 9780128080832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

Neurodevelopmental disabilities, like autism spectrum disorders and cerebral palsy are a common health problem in children. Given the impact of these conditions on children, families, and healthcare and social systems, the care of developmentally challenged children raises questions related to values and ethical principles. We review the common features of neurodevelopmental disorders that help understand the associated ethical questions. We focus on three major areas where ethical questions arise for clinicians and those involved in making decisions for or caring for these children: (1) the principles of decision-making and autonomy as they relate to developmental disability; (2) the issues related to quality of life that have long intersected with developmental disability; and (3) the use of unproven therapies and diagnostics that are particularly controversial given the extent that neurodevelopmental disabilities impact children and their families, yet active treatments options are limited.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: Ralf J. Jox,Ruth J. Horn,Richard Huxtable
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128080752
ISBN 13: 9780128080757
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

End-of-life care practices and attitudes in Europe are highly diverse, which is unsurprising given the variety of cultural and religious patterns across this region. The most marked differences are in the legal and ethical stances towards assisted dying, although there are also variations in limitation of life-sustaining treatment and the authority of advance directives to decline such treatment. Palliative care has made a rapid and impressive development in many European countries over the last decade, and alleviating symptoms at the end of life is permitted, even if the drugs used might (in the rare case) not only relieve suffering but also shorten life. Fueled by the politically led process of European harmonization, future policies and laws on end-of-life care might converge. However, at the base of many ethical conflicts there remain deeply rooted differences about promoting the sanctity of life, eradicating suffering, and respecting patients’ autonomous wishes.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: Adam Zeman,Jan Adriaan Coebergh
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128080930
ISBN 13: 9780128080931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

Consciousness is a fundamentally important neurological capacity which is also of great relevance to ethical thinking and decision-making. The scientific basis of consciousness, and the philosophical questions raised by scientific discoveries about consciousness, have both attracted intense interest over recent decades. This chapter provides a wide-ranging review of the topic. It first considers the principal senses of “consciousness” and “self-consciousness,” acknowledging that both terms are as much colloquial as scientific: “consciousness” is used to refer first, to the waking state and second, to the contents of current experience or awareness; “self-consciousness” can be used to refer to self-perception, self-monitoring, self-recognition, the awareness of one’s own and others’ minds, and the capacity for mental time travel. Next, we review the biological basis of conscious states and conscious contents. The third section presents a taxonomy of states of altered consciousness. The fourth section reviews the major current overarching theories of consciousness. Finally we examine the main philosophic accounts of the relationship between consciousness and neural activity, emphasizing three strong but sometimes conflicting intuitions about consciousness: that it is a robust phenomenon, has a physical basis in neuronal activity, and plays a role in the control of behavior.

Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians

Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians
Author: James E Szalados
Publsiher: Rutgers University Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2019-02-04
ISBN 10: 0813595991
ISBN 13: 9780813595993
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians Book Review:

The brain represents the final frontier in medical sciences. Clinical neurosciences include the subspecialties of neurology, neurosurgery, neuro-imaging, cerebrovascular interventional specialties, neurocritical care, and the allied specialties in pharmacy and nursing. The first lens through which we see our patients is the clinical perspective; however, the complexity of neurosciences and the rapidity of the advances in these subspecialties require that clinicians not lose sight of the personhood of the patients, the professionalism required in the care of these complex patients, or the regulatory environment in which we practice. Science and technology are advancing more rapidly than regulations or the law can interpret and integrate them into a supportive or regulatory framework. Thus, morality, ethics, and the law comprise the final lens through which we approach complex patient management issues, frame our communications with patients and families, and evaluate the risks and potential benefits of new technology. Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians is written for all clinicians in the neurosciences specialties to examine and re-examine the ethical and legal implications of advances in clinical neurosciences.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: Lois Margaret Nora
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128080671
ISBN 13: 9780128080672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

There is dynamic interplay between the disciplines of law and ethics, and the result is often laws and regulation that impact the practice of clinical neurology. This chapter explores how the disciplines of law and ethics inform and intersect with each other, and how resulting law impacts the everyday work of the clinical neurologist. Examples of how the core bioethical principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, and justice are manifest in legislative, common, and administrative laws are presented. Examples of how these laws, in turn, impact the practice of neurology through protection of patient privacy, the avoidance of conflict of interest, and informed consent and other issues are offered.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
Author: Peter B. Kang
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128080841
ISBN 13: 9780128080849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book Review:

The field of neurogenetics is moving so rapidly that new discoveries are announced almost weekly. The tools available for the diagnosis of neurogenetic disorders have become powerful and complex, and raise new ethical dilemmas that did not exist just a few years ago. In addition to previous concerns about presymptomatic genetic testing and carrier testing, the widening availability of next-generation sequencing raises concerns about the reporting of incidental findings of unclear significance. Genetically targeted therapies have now been proven to be efficacious for a few neurogenetic diseases, and it is likely that gene therapies and cell-based therapies will soon be applied to other neurologic disorders. These therapies are generally quite expensive compared to other treatments. Given the cost constraints that will be needed in the healthcare system in the United States and other countries, and the likelihood that new genetically targeted therapies will be introduced, society will face difficult questions regarding its obligations to fund expensive therapies both for large populations and for small numbers of patients with rare diseases. Potential conflicts of interest involving both individuals and institutions will need ongoing vigilance. Scientific advances will continue to raise consequential ethical questions in the field of neurogenetics.

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes,Barbara J. Sahakian
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2011-04-07
ISBN 10: 0191620912
ISBN 13: 9780191620911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics Book Review:

The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it. A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

Ethical Dilemmas in Neurology

Ethical Dilemmas in Neurology
Author: Adam Zeman,Linda L. Emanuel
Publsiher: Bailliere Tindall Limited
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2000
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015049545059
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical Dilemmas in Neurology Book Review:

An international team of recognized authorities offer a collection of thought provoking essays on ethical questions often faced by neurologists in clinical practice. Each chapter covers a difficult situation that isfrequently encountered, and for which there is no clear right answer International contributors bring a wide range of backgrounds and perspectives to the different dilemmas Hot topics such as the ethics of clinical trials are discussed. Review of topics such as new drugs and their impact on health care budgets, and other pros and cons of continued curative treatment are discussed

Neuroscience and Law

Neuroscience and Law
Author: Antonio D’Aloia,Maria Chiara Errigo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2020-06-01
ISBN 10: 3030388409
ISBN 13: 9783030388409
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroscience and Law Book Review:

There have been extraordinary developments in the field of neuroscience in recent years, sparking a number of discussions within the legal field. This book studies the various interactions between neuroscience and the world of law, and explores how neuroscientific findings could affect some fundamental legal categories and how the law should be implemented in such cases. The book is divided into three main parts. Starting with a general overview of the convergence of neuroscience and law, the first part outlines the importance of their continuous interaction, the challenges that neuroscience poses for the concepts of free will and responsibility, and the peculiar characteristics of a “new” cognitive liberty. In turn, the second part addresses the phenomenon of cognitive and moral enhancement, as well as the uses of neurotechnology and their impacts on health, self-determination and the concept of being human. The third and last part investigates the use of neuroscientific findings in both criminal and civil cases, and seeks to determine whether they can provide valuable evidence and facilitate the assessment of personal responsibility, helping to resolve cases. The book is the result of an interdisciplinary dialogue involving jurists, philosophers, neuroscientists, forensic medicine specialists, and scholars in the humanities; further, it is intended for a broad readership interested in understanding the impacts of scientific and technological developments on people’s lives and on our social systems.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes,Professor of Neurology Canada Research Chair in Neuroethics and Director of the National Core for Neuroethics Judy Illes
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9780198567219
ISBN 13: 0198567219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroethics Book Review:

Recent advances in the brain sciences have dramatically improved our understanding of brain function. As we find out more and more about what makes us tick, we must stop and consider the ethical implications of this new found knowledge. Will having a new biology of the brain through imaging make us less responsible for our behavior and lose our free will? Should certain brain scan studies be disallowed on the basis of moral grounds? Why is the media so interested in reporting results of brain imaging studies? What ethical lessons from the past can best inform the future of brain imaging? These compelling questions and many more are tackled by a distinguished group of contributors to this, the first-ever volume on neuroethics. The wide range of disciplinary backgrounds that the authors represent, from neuroscience, bioethics and philosophy, to law, social and health care policy, education, religion and film, allow for profoundly insightful and provocative answers to these questions, and open up the door to a host of new ones. The contributions highlight the timeliness of modern neuroethics today, and assure the longevity and importance of neuroethics for generations to come.

The Clinical Practice of Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing

The Clinical Practice of Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing
Author: Joanne V. Hickey
Publsiher: Lippincott Raven
Total Pages: 743
Release: 1997
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015038167360
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Clinical Practice of Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing Book Review:

The Fourth Edition of this classic comprehensive reference continues to provide reliable clinical guidance for neurological and neurosurgical nursing. A wide range of clinical topics is presented, including neuroanatomy, physiology, neurological assessment, diagnostic evaluation and specific disorders such as trauma, stroke, tumors, aneurysms, headaches, seizures, infections, and degenerative diseases of the nervous system. Six new chapters: The Continuum of Care and Models of Practice; Clinical Reasoning and Neuroscience Nursing Practice; Pharmacological Management of Neuroscience Patients; Respiratory Management of Neuroscience Patients; Management of Pain; and AIDS: Neurological Manifestations and Critical Thinking.

Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

Oxford Textbook of Critical Care
Author: Andrew Webb,Luciano Gattinoni
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1824
Release: 2016-05-26
ISBN 10: 019960083X
ISBN 13: 9780199600830
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Textbook of Critical Care Book Review:

The thoroughly revised second edition of the Oxford Textbook of Critical Care is a comprehensive multi-disciplinary text covering all aspects of adult intensive care management. Uniquely the book takes a problem-orientated approach providing a reference source for clinical issues experienced every day in the intensive care unit. The text is organized into short topics allowing readers to rapidly access authoritative information on specific clinical problems. Each topic refers to basic physiological principles and provides up-to-date treatment advice supported by references to the most vital literature. Where international differences exist in clinical practice, authors cover alternative views. Key messages summarise each topic in order to aid quick review and decision making. Edited and written by an international group of recognized experts from many disciplines, the second edition of the Oxford Textbook of Critical Care provides an up-to-date reference that is relevant for intensive care units and emergency departments globally. This volume is the definitive text for all health care providers, including physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, and other allied health professionals who take care of critically ill patients. This print edition of The Oxford Textbook of Critical Care comes with a year's access to the online version on Oxford Medicine Online. By activating your unique access code, you can read and annotate the full text online, follow links from the references to primary research materials, and view, enlarge and download all the figures and tables.

Moral Ethical and Legal Issues in the Neurosciences

Moral  Ethical  and Legal Issues in the Neurosciences
Author: Thomas P. Morley
Publsiher: Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
Total Pages: 71
Release: 1981
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015003226720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moral Ethical and Legal Issues in the Neurosciences Book Review:

Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders

Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders
Author: A. John Popp
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2011-01-01
ISBN 10: 1604063297
ISBN 13: 9781604063295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders Book Review:

Synthesizing the expert clinical advice of specialists who treat disorders of the nervous system, this book is an accessible, single-volume resource for primary care physicians requiring practical information on a range of neurological disorders. A Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders provides readers with a firm foundation in neuroscience concepts that will enable them to make timely diagnostic, treatment, and referral decisions about common symptoms, including chronic pain, headache, seizures, numbness, and dizziness. Additional chapters cover specific categories of neurological disease, providing the reader with concise descriptions of the clinical manifestations, examination techniques, and treatment options for each. Features: An outline at the start of each chapter aids rapid location of topics of interest Thorough coverage of history-taking and the physical examination Pearls and Pitfalls at the end of each chapter review fundamental concepts and provide helpful guideposts for managing each clinical situation Packed with essential information on clinical neurosciences, this comprehensive book is ideal for primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, physicians' assistants, residents in primary care specialties, and medical students.A co-publication of Thieme and the American Association of Neurological Surgeons)

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Martha J. Farah
Publsiher: Mit Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0262514605
ISBN 13: 9780262514606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroethics Book Review:

Neuroethics : an overview -- Better brains -- Brain, self, and authenticity -- Brain reading -- Neuroscience and justice -- Brains and persons.

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: L. Syd M Johnson,Karen S. Rommelfanger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 1317483510
ISBN 13: 9781317483519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics Book Review:

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication

Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication
Author: Michele Farisco,Kathinka Evers
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2016-04-28
ISBN 10: 1317529588
ISBN 13: 9781317529583
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication Book Review:

Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication focuses on recent neuroscientific investigations of infant brains and of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC), both of which are at the forefront of contemporary neuroscience. The prospective use of neurotechnology to access mental states in these subjects, including neuroimaging, brain simulation, and brain computer interfaces, offers new opportunities for clinicians and researchers, but has also received specific attention from philosophical, scientific, ethical, and legal points of view. This book offers the first systematic assessment of these issues, investigating the tools neurotechnology offers to care for verbally non-communicative subjects and suggesting a multidisciplinary approach to the ethical and legal implications of ordinary and experimental practices. The book is divided into three parts: the first and second focus on the scientific and clinical implications of neurological tools for DOC patient and infant care. With reference to these developments, the third and final part presents the case for re-evaluating classical ethical and legal concepts, such as authority, informed consent, and privacy. Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication will appeal to researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of cognitive science, medical ethics, medical technology, and the philosophy of the mind. With implications for patient care, it will also be a useful resource for clinicians, medical centres, and health practitioners.