Essence of Decision

Essence of Decision
Author: Graham T. Allison,Philip Zelikow
Publsiher: Pearson P T R
Total Pages: 416
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015054021186
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essence of Decision Book Review:

A case study of decision making under pressure, this text covers the Cuban missile crisis, using the crisis as a basic frame of reference. It seeks to teach students how to compare and contrast perspectives on foreign affairs.

Essence of Decision

Essence of Decision
Author: Graham Allison,Professor Allison Graham
Publsiher: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers
Total Pages: 432
Release: 1999-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780321033253
ISBN 13: 0321033256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essence of Decision Book Review:

One of the most influental political science works written in the post World War II era, the original edition of "Essence of Decision" is a unique and fascinating examination of the pivotal event of the cold Cold War. Not simply revised, but completely re-written, the Second Edition of this classic text is a fresh reinterpretation of the theories and events surrounding the Cuban Missle Crisis, incorporating all new information from the Kennedy tapes and recently declassified Soviet files. "Essence of Decision" Second Edition, is a vivid look at decision-making under pressure and is the only single volume work that attempts to answer the enduring question: how should citizens understand the actions of their government?

Essence of Decision

Essence of Decision
Author: Graham T. Allison,Stephen I Allison
Publsiher: Boston : Little, Brown
Total Pages: 338
Release: 1971
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015007213492
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essence of Decision Book Review:

Examines the political decisions made during the Missile Crisis.

Valuepack

Valuepack
Author: John W. Kingdon,Graham T. Allison,Philp Zelikow
Publsiher: Longman
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2007-08-09
ISBN 10: 9781405887212
ISBN 13: 1405887214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valuepack Book Review:

This Valuepack consists of Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies (Longman Classics Edition), 2/e by Kingdom (ISBN: 97801321121851); Essence of Decisions: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis, 2/e by Allison/Zenlikow (9780321013491)

Essence of Decision Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis by Graham T Allison

Essence of Decision  Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis  by  Graham T  Allison
Author: Allison, Graham T
Publsiher: Boston: Little, Brown
Total Pages: 338
Release: 1971
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: LCCN:70168998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essence of Decision Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis by Graham T Allison Book Review:

Talk at the Brink

Talk at the Brink
Author: David R. Gibson
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2012-07-29
ISBN 10: 0691151318
ISBN 13: 9780691151311
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Talk at the Brink Book Review:

Uses the tools of Conversaton analysis to show how the decisions of the ExComm were made during the Cuban Missile Crisis, based on audio tapes made by President Kennedy.

The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration

The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration
Author: Steven J. Balla,Martin Lodge,Edward C. Page
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 645
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 0199646139
ISBN 13: 9780199646135
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration Book Review:

This Handbook brings together a collection of leading international authors to reflect on the influence of central contributions, or classics, that have shaped the development of the field of public policy and administration. The Handbook reflects on a wide range of key contributions to the field, selected on the basis of their international and wider disciplinary impact. Focusing on classics that contributed significantly to the field over the second half of the 20th century, it offers insights into works that have explored aspects of the policy process, of particular features of bureaucracy, and of administrative and policy reforms. Each classic is discussed by a leading international scholars. They offer unique insights into the ways in which individual classics have been received in scholarly debates and disciplines, how classics have shaped evolving research agendas, and how the individual classics continue to shape contemporary scholarly debates. In doing so, this volume offers a novel approach towards considering the various central contributions to the field. The Handbook offers students of public policy and administration state-of-the-art insights into the enduring impact of key contributions to the field.

Confronting the Essence of Decision Canada and the Cuban Missile Crisis

Confronting the  Essence of Decision   Canada and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 87
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:713633382
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Confronting the Essence of Decision Canada and the Cuban Missile Crisis Book Review:

This Technical Memorandum, which is the first full case-study in a series of eight, examines how Canada dealt with the Cuban Missile Crisis. The case will focus on accounting for why the Diefenbaker government, in the context of a grave threat to North American security and defence, delayed increasing the readiness level for the CF as requested by Washington, and the role played by the mechanics of Canadian Government decision-making at the time. By reconstructing the events and decision-making processes that existed in the political, bureaucratic and military domains, the case begins to build the 'story' of the Canada-US strategic defence relationship. In doing so, it recounts a sad story of leaders, both political and military, too readily accepting reasons to justify inaction in the face of a clear and present danger. Thus, while having a more streamlined national security structure cannot always negate the effect of personality on decision-making, what this case-study demonstrates is that the national security structure in place during the crisis allowed military civilian leadership to get away far too easily with finding reasons for inaction. While it is accepted that personality always makes itself felt, the lack of rigour in the system did nothing to soften its sharp edges since it did not force realistic and timely assessments of the nation's geostrategic imperatives, or of the developing threat from Soviet missiles in Cuba. Indeed, this case-study has shown that a degree of strategic laziness, enhanced by a slow move away from a mobilisation paradigm to one with large forces in-being, had crept into the nation's strategic planning and understanding of the likely nature of the next conflict.

Essence of Decision

Essence of Decision
Author: Jan Frank
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 338
Release: 1971
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:85916463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essence of Decision Book Review:

Nuclear Terrorism

Nuclear Terrorism
Author: Graham Allison
Publsiher: Macmillan
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2004-08-09
ISBN 10: 9781429945516
ISBN 13: 1429945516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Terrorism Book Review:

A leading strategist opens our eyes to the greatest terrorist threat of all-and how to prevent it before it's too late Americans in the twenty-first century are keenly aware of the many forms of terrorism: hijackings, biological attacks, chemical weapons. But rarely do we allow ourselves to face squarely the deadliest form of terrorism, because it is almost too scary to think about-a terrorist group exploding a nuclear device in an American city. In this urgent call to action, Graham Allison, one of America's leading experts on nuclear weapons and national security, presents the evidence for two provocative, compelling conclusions. First, if policy makers in Washington keep doing what they are currently doing about the threat, a nuclear terrorist attack on America is likely to occur in the next decade. And if one lengthens the time frame, a nuclear strike is inevitable. Second, the surprising and largely unrecognized good news is that nuclear terrorism is, in fact, preventable. In these pages, Allison offers an ambitious but feasible blueprint for eliminating the possibility of nuclear terrorist attacks. The United States once relied on the threat of mutually assured destruction to deter the Soviet Union from launching a nuclear strike. But in today's fragmented world, a new strategy is needed, especially with nuclear material vulnerable to theft or sale through black-market channels. The choice is ours: to grab this beast by the horns or to be impaled on those horns. We do not have the luxury of hoping the problem will go away, and Allison shows why.

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Models in the Regulatory Decision Process
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2007-07-25
ISBN 10: 9780309178921
ISBN 13: 0309178924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making Book Review:

Many regulations issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are based on the results of computer models. Models help EPA explain environmental phenomena in settings where direct observations are limited or unavailable, and anticipate the effects of agency policies on the environment, human health and the economy. Given the critical role played by models, the EPA asked the National Research Council to assess scientific issues related to the agency's selection and use of models in its decisions. The book recommends a series of guidelines and principles for improving agency models and decision-making processes. The centerpiece of the book's recommended vision is a life-cycle approach to model evaluation which includes peer review, corroboration of results, and other activities. This will enhance the agency's ability to respond to requirements from a 2001 law on information quality and improve policy development and implementation.

International Negotiation in a Complex World

International Negotiation in a Complex World
Author: Brigid Starkey,Mark A. Boyer,Jonathan Wilkenfeld
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2016-08-22
ISBN 10: 144227672X
ISBN 13: 9781442276727
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Negotiation in a Complex World Book Review:

The process of negotiation, standing as it does between war and peace in many parts of the globe, has never been a more vital process to understand than in today's rapidly changing international system. Students of negotiation must first understand key IR concepts as they try to incorporate the dynamics of the many anomalous actors that regularly interact with conventional state agents in the diplomatic arena. This hands-on text provides an essential introduction to this high-stakes realm, exploring the impact of complex multilateralism on traditional negotiation concepts such as bargaining, issue salience, and strategic choice. Using an easy-to-understand board game analogy as a framework for studying negotiation episodes, the authors include a rich array of real-world cases and examples—now updated with the results of the Paris climate change agreement—to illustrate key themes, including the intensity of crisis situations for negotiators, the role of culture in communication, and the impact of domestic-level politics on international negotiations. Providing tools for analyzing why negotiations succeed or fail, this innovative text also presents effective exercises and learning approaches that enable students to understand the complexities of negotiation by engaging in the diplomatic process themselves.

Contemporary International Theory and the Behaviour of States

Contemporary International Theory and the Behaviour of States
Author: Joseph Frankel
Publsiher: London ; New York : Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 134
Release: 1973
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015009308530
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contemporary International Theory and the Behaviour of States Book Review:

A brief survey of the major theoretical approaches to international relations, dicussing their relevance to international affairs from the viewpoint of the early 1970s. In a concluding chapter some of these approaches are applied in a case study of the relations between Britain and the European Economic Community.

Strategic Decisions

Strategic Decisions
Author: Vassilis Papadakis,Patrick Barwise
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 319
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461561957
ISBN 13: 9781461561958
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Decisions Book Review:

Over the past ten years, there has been growing interest in the process of strategic decision-making among both managers and researchers. Strategic decisions are important for five main reasons: They are large-scale, risky and hard to reverse; they are a bridge between deliberate and emerging strategies; they can be a major source of organizational learning; they play an important part in the development of individual managers and they cut accross functions and academic disciplines. Strategic Decisions summarizes the current state of the art in research on strategic decision-making, with chapters prepared by leading strategy researchers. The editors also present implications for current application and proposed directions for future research.

Complex Operational Decision Making in Networked Systems of Humans and Machines

Complex Operational Decision Making in Networked Systems of Humans and Machines
Author: Committee on Integrating Humans, Machines and Networks: A Global Review of Data-to-Decision Technologies,Board on Global Science and Technology,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2014-06-30
ISBN 10: 9780309307703
ISBN 13: 0309307708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Operational Decision Making in Networked Systems of Humans and Machines Book Review:

Over the last two decades, computers have become omnipresent in daily life. Their increased power and accessibility have enabled the accumulation, organization, and analysis of massive amounts of data. These data, in turn, have been transformed into practical knowledge that can be applied to simple and complex decision making alike. In many of today's activities, decision making is no longer an exclusively human endeavor. In both virtual and real ways, technology has vastly extended people's range of movement, speed and access to massive amounts of data. Consequently, the scope of complex decisions that human beings are capable of making has greatly expanded. At the same time, some of these technologies have also complicated the decision making process. The potential for changes to complex decision making is particularly significant now, as advances in software, memory storage and access to large amounts of multimodal data have dramatically increased. Increasingly, our decision making process integrates input from human judgment, computing results and assistance, and networks. Human beings do not have the ability to analyze the vast quantities of computer-generated or -mediated data that are now available. How might humans and computers team up to turn data into reliable (and when necessary, speedy) decisions? "Complex Operational Decision Making in Networked Systems of Humans and Machines" explores the possibilities for better decision making through collaboration between humans and computers. This study is situated around the essence of decision making; the vast amounts of data that have become available as the basis for complex decision making; and the nature of collaboration that is possible between humans and machines in the process of making complex decisions. This report discusses the research goals and relevant milestones in several enabling subfields as they relate to enhanced human-machine collaboration for complex decision making; the relevant impediments and systems-integration challenges that are preventing technological breakthroughs in these subfields; and a sense of the research that is occurring in university, government and industrial labs outside of the United States, and the implications of this research for U.S. policy. The development of human-machine collaboration for complex decision making is still in its infancy relative to where cross-disciplinary research could take it over the next generation. "Complex Operational Decision Making" explores challenges to progress, impediments to achieving technological breakthroughs, opportunities, and key research goals.

Playing by the Rules

Playing by the Rules
Author: Frederick Schauer
Publsiher: Clarendon Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1991-08-22
ISBN 10: 0191018740
ISBN 13: 9780191018749
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Playing by the Rules Book Review:

This is a philosophical but non-technical analysis of the very idea of a rule. Although focused somewhat on the role of rules in the legal system, it is also relevant to the place of rules in morality, religion, etiquette, games, language, and family governance. In both explaining the idea of a rule and making the case for taking rules seriously, the book is a departure both in scope and in perspective from anything that now exists.

An Examination of the Cuban Missile Crisis in terms of Allison and Zelikow s Conceptual Models

An Examination of the Cuban Missile Crisis in terms of Allison and Zelikow s Conceptual Models
Author: Janine Evangelista
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2018-03-21
ISBN 10: 3668666776
ISBN 13: 9783668666771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Examination of the Cuban Missile Crisis in terms of Allison and Zelikow s Conceptual Models Book Review:

Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, grade: 1,3, University of Lisbon (Faculty of Social and Human Sciences), course: North American Policy, language: English, abstract: The Cuban Missile Crisis symbolizes a real showdown between two superpowers - the United States and the Soviet Union. Until today, the puzzling events occurred in the crisis prompt numerous questions, particularly in the scientific area. This research paper, therefore, aims the conduction of illustrating the main happenings during the crisis in order to be able to analyze them by using the three Conceptual Models developed by Graham T. Allison and Philip Zelikow. Allison and Zelikow use these models to give an adequate explanation of how the process of decision-making proceeds, taking the crisis as a case study and answering three main questions: Why did the Soviet Union decide to place offensive missiles in Cuba? Why did the United States respond to the missile deployment with a blockade? Why did the Soviet Union withdraw the missiles? For a better evaluation, this research paper thus, contextualizes firstly the Cuban Missile Crisis by explicating occurrences in the Cold War. Secondly, the suspenseful thirteen days during the Cuban Missile Crisis will be illuminated. Thirdly, in the last chapter, the models are outlined and used to answer the three puzzling questions stated above.

The Cybernetic Theory of Decision

The Cybernetic Theory of Decision
Author: John D. Steinbruner
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2021-08-10
ISBN 10: 140082379X
ISBN 13: 9781400823796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cybernetic Theory of Decision Book Review:

In this classic work, John Steinbruner argues that the time is ripe for exploration of a new theoretical perspective on the decision-making process in government. He suggests that the cybernetic theory of decision as developed in such diverse fields as information theory, mathematical logic, and behavioral psychology generates a systematic but non-rational analysis that seems to explain quite naturally decisions that are puzzling when viewed from the rational perspective. When combined with the basic understanding of human mental operations developed in cognitive psychology, the cybernetic theory of decision presents a striking picture of how decision makers deal with the intense uncertainty and fundamental value conflicts that arise in bureaucratic politics. To illustrate the advantages of using cybernetic theory, Steinbruner analyzes the issue of sharing nuclear weapons among the NATO allies.

Thinking In Time

Thinking In Time
Author: Richard E. Neustadt
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2011-08-23
ISBN 10: 9781451667622
ISBN 13: 1451667620
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thinking In Time Book Review:

“A convincing case that careful analysis of the history, issues, individuals, and institutions can lead to better decisions—in business as well as in government” (BusinessWeek). Two noted professors offer easily remembered rules for using history effectively in day-to-day management of governmental and corporate affairs to avoid costly blunders. “An illuminating guide to the use and abuse of history in affairs of state” (Arthur Schlesinger).

Rational Choice and Strategic Conflict

Rational Choice and Strategic Conflict
Author: Gabriel Frahm
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2019-09-23
ISBN 10: 3110596105
ISBN 13: 9783110596106
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rational Choice and Strategic Conflict Book Review:

"This book is refreshing, innovative and important for several reasons. Perhaps most importantly, it attempts to reconcile game theory with one-person decision theory by viewing a game as a collection of one-person decision problems. As natural as this approach may seem, it is hard to find game theory books that really implement this view. This book is a wonderful exception, in which the transition between decision theory and game theory is both smooth and natural. It shows that decision theory and game theory can go—and, in fact, must go—hand in hand. The careful exposition, the many illustrative examples, the critical assessment of traditional game theory concepts, and the enlightening comparison with the subjectivistic approach advocated in this book, make it a pleasure to read and a must have for anyone interested in the foundations of decision theory and game theory." Andrés Perea (Maastricht University) "Gabriel Frahm's relatively nontechnical book is a bold synthesis of decision theory and game theory from a Bayesian or subjectivist perspective. It distinguishes between decisions, or one-person games, and games with two or more players, but Frahm argues that this distinction is not always necessary—the two kinds of games can be analyzed within a common theoretical framework. He models the dynamics of choice in several different settings (e.g., information may be complete or incomplete as well as perfect or imperfect), including one in which players look ahead and make farsighted calculations on which they base their choices. His book contains many provocative examples that illustrate the advantages of a unified theory of rational decision-making." Steven J. Brams (New York University)