Equilibrium Problems and Applications

Equilibrium Problems and Applications
Author: Gábor Kassay,Vicențiu Rădulescu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2018-10-09
ISBN 10: 0128110309
ISBN 13: 9780128110300
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equilibrium Problems and Applications Book Review:

Equilibrium Problems and Applications develops a unified variational approach to deal with single-valued, set-valued and quasi-equilibrium problems. The authors promote original results in relationship with classical contributions to the field of equilibrium problems. The content evolved in the general setting of topological vector spaces and it lies at the interplay between pure and applied nonlinear analysis, mathematical economics, and mathematical physics. This abstract approach is based on tools from various fields, including set-valued analysis, variational and hemivariational inequalities, fixed point theory, and optimization. Applications include models from mathematical economics, Nash equilibrium of non-cooperative games, and Browder variational inclusions. The content is self-contained and the book is mainly addressed to researchers in mathematics, economics and mathematical physics as well as to graduate students in applied nonlinear analysis. A rigorous mathematical analysis of Nash equilibrium type problems, which play a central role to describe network traffic models, competition games or problems arising in experimental economics Develops generic models relevant to mathematical economics and quantitative modeling of game theory, aiding economists to understand vital material without having to wade through complex proofs Reveals a number of surprising interactions among various equilibria topics, enabling readers to identify a common and unified approach to analysing problem sets Illustrates the deep features shared by several types of nonlinear problems, encouraging readers to develop further this unifying approach from other viewpoints into economic models in turn

Equilibrium Problems Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models

Equilibrium Problems  Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models
Author: F. Giannessi,A. Maugeri,Panos M. Pardalos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2006-04-11
ISBN 10: 0306480263
ISBN 13: 9780306480263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equilibrium Problems Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models Book Review:

The aim of the book is to cover the three fundamental aspects of research in equilibrium problems: the statement problem and its formulation using mainly variational methods, its theoretical solution by means of classical and new variational tools, the calculus of solutions and applications in concrete cases. The book shows how many equilibrium problems follow a general law (the so-called user equilibrium condition). Such law allows us to express the problem in terms of variational inequalities. Variational inequalities provide a powerful methodology, by which existence and calculation of the solution can be obtained.

Solving Equilibrium Problems with Applications to Qualitative Analysis

Solving Equilibrium Problems  with Applications to Qualitative Analysis
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
Publsiher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
Total Pages: 199
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 9780669167184
ISBN 13: 0669167185
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solving Equilibrium Problems with Applications to Qualitative Analysis Book Review:

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models
Author: P. Daniele,F. Giannessi,A. Maugeri
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2013-12-01
ISBN 10: 1461302390
ISBN 13: 9781461302391
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models Book Review:

The volume, devoted to variational analysis and its applications, collects selected and refereed contributions, which provide an outline of the field. The meeting of the title "Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models", which was held in Erice (Sicily) in the period June 23 - July 2 2000, was the occasion of the presentation of some of these papers; other results are a consequence of a fruitful and constructive atmosphere created during the meeting. New results, which enlarge the field of application of variational analysis, are presented in the book; they deal with the vectorial analysis, time dependent variational analysis, exact penalization, high order deriva tives, geometric aspects, distance functions and log-quadratic proximal methodology. The new theoretical results allow one to improve in a remarkable way the study of significant problems arising from the applied sciences, as continuum model of transportation, unilateral problems, multicriteria spatial price models, network equilibrium problems and many others. As noted in the previous book "Equilibrium Problems: Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models", edited by F. Giannessi, A. Maugeri and P.M. Pardalos, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Vol. 58 (2001), the progress obtained by variational analysis has permitted to han dle problems whose equilibrium conditions are not obtained by the mini mization of a functional. These problems obey a more realistic equilibrium condition expressed by a generalized orthogonality (complementarity) con dition, which enriches our knowledge of the equilibrium behaviour. Also this volume presents important examples of this formulation.

Competitive Equilibrium

Competitive Equilibrium
Author: Bryan Ellickson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 9780521319881
ISBN 13: 0521319889
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Competitive Equilibrium Book Review:

The development of general equilibrium theory represents one of the greatest advances in economic analysis in the latter half of the twentieth century. This book, intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, provides a broad introduction to competitive equilibrium analysis with an emphasis on concrete applications. The first three chapters are introductory in nature, paving the way for the more advanced second half of the book. Relative to the competition, it is much more 'user friendly' while offering exceptionally broad coverage of topics. Well-designed and interesting applications help to make potentially abstract material more accessible. The book includes 92 illustrations and nearly 200 exercises.

Generalized Nash Equilibrium Problems Bilevel Programming and MPEC

Generalized Nash Equilibrium Problems  Bilevel Programming and MPEC
Author: Didier Aussel,C.S. Lalitha
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2018-04-03
ISBN 10: 981104774X
ISBN 13: 9789811047749
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Generalized Nash Equilibrium Problems Bilevel Programming and MPEC Book Review:

The book discusses three classes of problems: the generalized Nash equilibrium problems, the bilevel problems and the mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (MPEC). These problems interact through their mathematical analysis as well as their applications. The primary aim of the book is to present the modern tool of variational analysis and optimization, which are used to analyze these three classes of problems. All contributing authors are respected academicians, scientists and researchers from around the globe. These contributions are based on the lectures delivered by experts at CIMPA School, held at the University of Delhi, India, from 25 November–6 December 2013, and peer-reviewed by international experts. The book contains five chapters. Chapter 1 deals with nonsmooth, nonconvex bilevel optimization problems whose feasible set is described by using the graph of the solution set mapping of a parametric optimization problem. Chapter 2 describes a constraint qualification to MPECs considered as an application of calmness concept of multifunctions and is used to derive M-stationarity conditions for MPEC. Chapter 3 discusses the first- and second-order optimality conditions derived for a special case of a bilevel optimization problem in which the constraint set of the lower level problem is described as a general compact convex set. Chapter 4 concentrates the results of the modelization and analysis of deregulated electricity markets with a focus on auctions and mechanism design. Chapter 5 focuses on optimization approaches called reflection methods for protein conformation determination within the framework of matrix completion. The last chapter (Chap. 6) deals with the single-valuedness of quasimonotone maps by using the concept of single-directionality with a special focus on the case of the normal operator of lower semi-continuous quasiconvex functions.

Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems

Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems
Author: F. Giannessi,A. Maugeri
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 305
Release: 2013-06-26
ISBN 10: 9781489913609
ISBN 13: 1489913602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems Book Review:

This volume brings forth a set of papers presented at the conference on "Varia tional Inequalities and network equilibrium problems", held in Erice at the "G. Stam pacchia" School of the "E. Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture in the period 19~25 June 1994. The meeting was conceived to contribute to the exchange between Variational Analysis and equilibrium problems, especially those related to network design. Most of the approaches and viewpoints of these fields are present in the volume, both as concerns the theory and the applications of equilibrium problems to transportation, computer and electric networks, to market behavior, and to bi~level programming. Being convinced of the great importance of equilibrium problems as well as of their complexity, the organizers hope that the merging of points of view coming from differ ent fields will stimulate theoretical research and applications. In this context Variational and Quasi~Variational Inequalities have shown them selves to be very important models for equilibrium problems. As a consequence in the last two decades they have received a lot of attention both as to mathematical inves tigation and applications. The proof that the above mentioned equilibrium problems can be expressed, in terms of Variational or Quasi~Variational Inequalities also in the non~standard and non~symmetric cases, has been a crucial improvement.

University Physics

University Physics
Author: Samuel J. Ling,Jeff Sanny,William Moebs
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1002
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN 10: 9789888407606
ISBN 13: 9888407600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

University Physics Book Review:

University Physics is designed for the two- or three-semester calculus-based physics course. The text has been developed to meet the scope and sequence of most university physics courses and provides a foundation for a career in mathematics, science, or engineering. The book provides an important opportunity for students to learn the core concepts of physics and understand how those concepts apply to their lives and to the world around them. Due to the comprehensive nature of the material, we are offering the book in three volumes for flexibility and efficiency. Coverage and Scope Our University Physics textbook adheres to the scope and sequence of most two- and three-semester physics courses nationwide. We have worked to make physics interesting and accessible to students while maintaining the mathematical rigor inherent in the subject. With this objective in mind, the content of this textbook has been developed and arranged to provide a logical progression from fundamental to more advanced concepts, building upon what students have already learned and emphasizing connections between topics and between theory and applications. The goal of each section is to enable students not just to recognize concepts, but to work with them in ways that will be useful in later courses and future careers. The organization and pedagogical features were developed and vetted with feedback from science educators dedicated to the project. VOLUME I Unit 1: Mechanics Chapter 1: Units and Measurement Chapter 2: Vectors Chapter 3: Motion Along a Straight Line Chapter 4: Motion in Two and Three Dimensions Chapter 5: Newton's Laws of Motion Chapter 6: Applications of Newton's Laws Chapter 7: Work and Kinetic Energy Chapter 8: Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy Chapter 9: Linear Momentum and Collisions Chapter 10: Fixed-Axis Rotation Chapter 11: Angular Momentum Chapter 12: Static Equilibrium and Elasticity Chapter 13: Gravitation Chapter 14: Fluid Mechanics Unit 2: Waves and Acoustics Chapter 15: Oscillations Chapter 16: Waves Chapter 17: Sound

Nonsmooth Approach to Optimization Problems with Equilibrium Constraints

Nonsmooth Approach to Optimization Problems with Equilibrium Constraints
Author: Jiri Outrata,M. Kocvara,J. Zowe
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 1475728255
ISBN 13: 9781475728255
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nonsmooth Approach to Optimization Problems with Equilibrium Constraints Book Review:

In the early fifties, applied mathematicians, engineers and economists started to pay c10se attention to the optimization problems in which another (lower-Ievel) optimization problem arises as a side constraint. One of the motivating factors was the concept of the Stackelberg solution in game theory, together with its economic applications. Other problems have been encountered in the seventies in natural sciences and engineering. Many of them are of practical importance and have been extensively studied, mainly from the theoretical point of view. Later, applications to mechanics and network design have lead to an extension of the problem formulation: Constraints in form of variation al inequalities and complementarity problems were also admitted. The term "generalized bi level programming problems" was used at first but later, probably in Harker and Pang, 1988, a different terminology was introduced: Mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints, or simply, MPECs. In this book we adhere to MPEC terminology. A large number of papers deals with MPECs but, to our knowledge, there is only one monograph (Luo et al. , 1997). This monograph concentrates on optimality conditions and numerical methods. Our book is oriented similarly, but we focus on those MPECs which can be treated by the implicit programming approach: the equilibrium constraint locally defines a certain implicit function and allows to convert the problem into a mathematical program with a nonsmooth objective.

Relativistic Fluid Dynamics in and out of Equilibrium

Relativistic Fluid Dynamics in and out of Equilibrium
Author: Paul Romatschke,Ulrike Romatschke
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2019-05-09
ISBN 10: 1108483682
ISBN 13: 9781108483681
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Relativistic Fluid Dynamics in and out of Equilibrium Book Review:

Presents a powerful new framework for out-of-equilibrium hydrodynamics, with connections to kinetic theory, AdS/CFT and applications to high-energy particle collisions.

Equilibrium Models and Variational Inequalities

Equilibrium Models and Variational Inequalities
Author: Igor Konnov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2007-02-08
ISBN 10: 9780080471389
ISBN 13: 0080471382
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equilibrium Models and Variational Inequalities Book Review:

The concept of equilibrium plays a central role in various applied sciences, such as physics (especially, mechanics), economics, engineering, transportation, sociology, chemistry, biology and other fields. If one can formulate the equilibrium problem in the form of a mathematical model, solutions of the corresponding problem can be used for forecasting the future behavior of very complex systems and, also, for correcting the the current state of the system under control. This book presents a unifying look on different equilibrium concepts in economics, including several models from related sciences. - Presents a unifying look on different equilibrium concepts and also the present state of investigations in this field - Describes static and dynamic input-output models, Walras, Cassel-Wald, spatial price, auction market, oligopolistic equilibrium models, transportation and migration equilibrium models - Covers the basics of theory and solution methods both for the complementarity and variational inequality problems - The methods are illustrated by applications and exercises to economic equilibrium models

The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium

The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium
Author: K. G. Denbigh,Kenneth George Denbigh
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 494
Release: 1981-03-26
ISBN 10: 9780521281508
ISBN 13: 0521281504
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium Book Review:

Sample Text

Notes and Problems in Applied General Equilibrium Economics

Notes and Problems in Applied General Equilibrium Economics
Author: K.R. Pearson,B.R. Parmenter,A.A. Powell,P.J. Wilcoxen,P.B. Dixon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2014-06-28
ISBN 10: 008093403X
ISBN 13: 9780080934037
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Notes and Problems in Applied General Equilibrium Economics Book Review:

"General-equilibrium" refers to an analytical approach which looks at the economy as a complete system of inter-dependent components (industries, households, investors, governments, importers and exporters). "Applied" means that the primary interest is in systems that can be used to provide quantitative analysis of economic policy problems in particular countries. Reflecting the authors' belief in the models as vehicles for practical policy analysis, a considerable amount of material on data and solution techniques as well as on theoretical structures has been included. The sequence of chapters follows what is seen as the historical development of the subject. The book is directed at graduate students and professional economists who may have an interest in constructing or applying general equilibrium models. The exercises and readings in the book provide a comprehensive introduction to applied general equilibrium modeling. To enable the reader to acquire hands-on experience with computer implementations of the models which are described in the book, a companion set of diskettes is available.

Network Economics A Variational Inequality Approach

Network Economics  A Variational Inequality Approach
Author: David Ben-Arieh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401121788
ISBN 13: 9789401121781
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Network Economics A Variational Inequality Approach Book Review:

Computational economics has been at the forefront in stimulating the de velopment of mathematical methodologies for the analysis and solution of complex, large-scale problems. The past decade, in particular, has witnessed a dramatic growth of interest in this area. Supported by the increasing avail ability of data and advances in computer architectures, the scale and scope of problems that can now be handled are unveiling new horizons in both theoretical modeling and policy analysis. Accompanying the activity in computational economics is a need for the unification, documentation, and presentation of fundamental methodologies for use by both researchers and practitioners. This volume aims to make a contribution in this direction. The focus of this book is on network economics. Physical networks are pervasive in today's society, be they in the form of transportation networks, telecommunication networks, energy pipelines, electric power networks, etc. Mathematical networks, on the other hand, may be used to represent not only physical networks but also interactions among economic agents. In many applications, the network representation of an economic equilibrium problem may be abstract in that the nodes of the network need not corre spond to locations in space and the links of the network to trade or travel routes.

Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling

Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling
Author: Burkhard Heer,Alfred Maussner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2011-10-20
ISBN 10: 3540856846
ISBN 13: 9783540856849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling Book Review:

Modern business cycle theory and growth theory uses stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models. In order to solve these models, economists need to use many mathematical tools. This book presents various methods in order to compute the dynamics of general equilibrium models. In part I, the representative-agent stochastic growth model is solved with the help of value function iteration, linear and linear quadratic approximation methods, parameterised expectations and projection methods. In order to apply these methods, fundamentals from numerical analysis are reviewed in detail. In particular, the book discusses issues that are often neglected in existing work on computational methods, e.g. how to find a good initial value. In part II, the authors discuss methods in order to solve heterogeneous-agent economies. In such economies, the distribution of the individual state variables is endogenous. This part of the book also serves as an introduction to the modern theory of distribution economics. Applications include the dynamics of the income distribution over the business cycle or the overlapping-generations model. In an accompanying home page to this book, computer codes to all applications can be downloaded.

Approximation and Optimization of Discrete and Differential Inclusions

Approximation and Optimization of Discrete and Differential Inclusions
Author: Elimhan N Mahmudov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2011-09-08
ISBN 10: 0123884284
ISBN 13: 9780123884282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Approximation and Optimization of Discrete and Differential Inclusions Book Review:

Optimal control theory has numerous applications in both science and engineering. This book presents basic concepts and principles of mathematical programming in terms of set-valued analysis and develops a comprehensive optimality theory of problems described by ordinary and partial differential inclusions. In addition to including well-recognized results of variational analysis and optimization, the book includes a number of new and important ones Includes practical examples

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models
Author: P. Daniele,F. Giannessi,A. Maugeri
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2013-12-01
ISBN 10: 1461302390
ISBN 13: 9781461302391
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models Book Review:

The volume, devoted to variational analysis and its applications, collects selected and refereed contributions, which provide an outline of the field. The meeting of the title "Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models", which was held in Erice (Sicily) in the period June 23 - July 2 2000, was the occasion of the presentation of some of these papers; other results are a consequence of a fruitful and constructive atmosphere created during the meeting. New results, which enlarge the field of application of variational analysis, are presented in the book; they deal with the vectorial analysis, time dependent variational analysis, exact penalization, high order deriva tives, geometric aspects, distance functions and log-quadratic proximal methodology. The new theoretical results allow one to improve in a remarkable way the study of significant problems arising from the applied sciences, as continuum model of transportation, unilateral problems, multicriteria spatial price models, network equilibrium problems and many others. As noted in the previous book "Equilibrium Problems: Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models", edited by F. Giannessi, A. Maugeri and P.M. Pardalos, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Vol. 58 (2001), the progress obtained by variational analysis has permitted to han dle problems whose equilibrium conditions are not obtained by the mini mization of a functional. These problems obey a more realistic equilibrium condition expressed by a generalized orthogonality (complementarity) con dition, which enriches our knowledge of the equilibrium behaviour. Also this volume presents important examples of this formulation.

Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems

Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015049361515
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems Book Review:

Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Equilibrium
Author: William Guenther
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1468421638
ISBN 13: 9781468421637
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Equilibrium Book Review:

* The present work is designed to provide a practical introduction to aqueous equilibrium phenomena for both students and research workers in chemistry, biochemistry, geochemistry, and interdisciplin ary environmental fields. The pedagogical strategy I have adopted makes heavy use of detailed examples of problem solving from real cases arising both in laboratory research and in the study of systems occurring in nature. The procedure starts with mathematically complete equations that will provide valid solutions of equilibrium problems, instead of the traditional approach through approximate concentrations and idealized, infinite-dilution assumptions. There is repeated emphasis on the use of corrected, conditional equilibrium constants and on the checking of numerical results by substitution in complete equations and/or against graphs of species distributions. Graphical methods of calculation and display are used extensively because of their value in clarifying equilibria and in leading one quickly to valid numerical approximations. The coverage of solution equilibrium phenomena is not, however, exhaustively comprehensive. Rather, I have chosen to offer funda mental and rigorous examinations of homogeneous step-equilibria and their interactions with solubility and redox equilibria. Many examples are worked out in detail to demonstrate the use of equi librium calculations and diagrams in various fields of investigation.

Operator Theorems with Applications to Distributive Problems and Equilibrium Models

Operator Theorems with Applications to Distributive Problems and Equilibrium Models
Author: Antonio Villar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 160
Release: 1992-02-26
ISBN 10: 9783540550877
ISBN 13: 3540550879
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Operator Theorems with Applications to Distributive Problems and Equilibrium Models Book Review:

Presentation Many economic problems, as equilibrium models, input-output analysis, rational behaviour, etc. , are usually modelled in terms of operators in Euclidean spaces. This monograph deals with the analysis of a number of formal problems involving this kind of operators (with particular reference to complementarity problems and variational inequalities), and their applications to distributive problems and equilibrium models. Thus the purpose of this work is to provide a set of new results on the solvability of those problems, and a number of economic applications that will illustrate the interest of these results in economics. It is worth stressing from the very begining that our analysis concentrates on the existence (and in some cases optimality) of solutions. That is what is meant here by solvability (in particular, nothing will be said with respect to the uniqueness, stability, sensitivity analysis or computation of solutions). The results on the solvability of operator problems presented here, were actually arrived at as a way of solving specific economic models. Yet we are going to relate this case by somehow reversing the way it happened, that is, starting with the formal results and then presenting a number of economic models which appear as applications of VIII these formal results. The rationale for this approach is twofold. First, it provides a neat track via which to go through the whole work. Then, because I would like to emphasize the interest of complementarity and variational inequalities problems in economic modelling.