Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease

Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease
Author: Johannes Backs,Timothy A. McKinsey
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2016-11-21
ISBN 10: 3319414577
ISBN 13: 9783319414577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease Book Review:

This book describes important advances in our understanding of how environmental conditions affect cardiac gene expression through epigenetic mechanisms. Further, it discusses the roles of chromatin modifications (in particular DNA methylation and histone modifications) and of chromatin regulators in the context of cardiac diseases. The book provides readers with an overview of our current understanding of epigenetic regulation in the heart, and will stimulate further research in this exciting field. Edited and written by internationally respected experts, it addresses the needs of professors, students and researchers working in the fields of cardiac biology and epigenetics.

Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease

Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease
Author: Yvan Devaux,Emma Robinson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2021-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780128222584
ISBN 13: 0128222581
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease Book Review:

Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetics mechanisms governing cardiovascular disease development, as well as instructions in research methods and guidance in pursing new studies. More than thirty international experts provide an (i) overview of the epigenetics mechanisms and their contribution to cardiovascular disease development, (i) high-throughput methods for RNA profiling including single-cell RNA-seq, (iii) the role of nucleic acid methylation in cardiovascular disease development, (iv) epigenetic actors as biomarkers and drug targets, (v) and the potential of epigenetics to advance personalized medicine. Here, readers will discover strategies to combat research challenges, improve quality of their epigenetic research and reproducibility of their findings. Additionally, discussion of assay and drug development for personalized healthcare pave the way for a new era of understanding in cardiovascular disease. Offers a thorough overview of role of epigenetics mechanisms in cardiovascular disease Includes guidance to improve research plans, experimental protocols design, quality and reproducibility of results in new epigenetics research Explores biomarkers and drug targets of therapeutic potential to advance personalized healthcare Features chapter contributions from a wide range of international researchers in the field

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease
Author: Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 577
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0123884152
ISBN 13: 9780123884152
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book Review:

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Hypoxia and Human Diseases

Hypoxia and Human Diseases
Author: Jing Zheng,Chi Zhou
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2017-02-01
ISBN 10: 9535128957
ISBN 13: 9789535128953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hypoxia and Human Diseases Book Review:

This book contains a total of 21 chapters, each of which was written by experts in the corresponding field. The objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive and updated overview of cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying hypoxia's impacts on human health, as well as current advances and future directions in the detection, recognition, and management of hypoxia-related disorders. This collection of articles provides a clear update in the area of hypoxia research for biomedical researchers, medical students, nurse practitioners, and practicing clinicians in the fields of high altitude biology, cardiovascular biology and medicine, tumor oncology, obstetrics, pediatrics, and orthodontics and for others who may be interested in hypoxia.

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2019-02-06
ISBN 10: 0128145145
ISBN 13: 9780128145142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases Book Review:

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases, written by leading scientists in this evolving field, provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases. In particular, the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, for example, DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA, are summarized, in the context of human diseases. This book discusses bioinformatics methods for epigenetic analysis specifically applied to human conditions such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, liver and autoimmune disorders, and reproductive and respiratory diseases. Additionally, different organ cancers, such as breast, lung, and colon, are discussed. This book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers in genetics and bioinformatics, and several biomedical field members interested in applying computational epigenetics in their research. Provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases Summarizes the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA Covers the major milestones and future directions of computational epigenetics in various kinds of human diseases such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes, heart disease, neurological disorders, cancers, blood disorders, liver diseases, reproductive diseases, respiratory diseases, autoimmune diseases, human imprinting disorders, and infectious diseases

Environmental Epigenetics

Environmental Epigenetics
Author: L. Joseph Su,Tung-chin Chiang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2015-05-18
ISBN 10: 1447166787
ISBN 13: 9781447166788
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Epigenetics Book Review:

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Post-Genomic Cardiology

Post-Genomic Cardiology
Author: José Marín-García
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2011-04-28
ISBN 10: 9780080554549
ISBN 13: 0080554547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Post-Genomic Cardiology Book Review:

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology have markedly changed our understanding of the heart, and this is having tremendous ramifications for the clinician. This unique reference offers a comprehensive and critical evaluation of this contribution in the field of cardiovascular molecular medicine providing the reader with a sense of new directions in which molecular medicine might be applied. It begins with a detailed primer that makes readily accessible recent molecular, genetic and cellular techniques. Rounding out the coverage of this exciting field are critical and comprenhesive discussions on the use of molecular, genetic and cellular techniques used to identify the etiology and pathophysiology of specific cardiac diseases. * Discusses diagnostic and therapeutic options available not only in the adult and aging individuals but also in infants/children * Numerous illustrations and flow-charts * Explans cutting-edge molecular techniques, including analysis of mitochondria, their role in cardiac dysfunction and updated analysis of Cardioprotection and Metabolic Syndrome * Presentation of recent translational studies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases is included (e.g., gene therapy, pharmacological treatments and stem cell transplantation)

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine
Author: Manel Esteller
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-09-17
ISBN 10: 9781420007077
ISBN 13: 1420007076
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Personalized Epigenetics

Personalized Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2015-04-28
ISBN 10: 0128004363
ISBN 13: 9780128004364
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Personalized Epigenetics Book Review:

Personalized Epigenetics discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures that can guide both disorder and disease prevention and therapy. The book details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic potential of the field, it also reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the role of pharmacology and drug development in personalized epigenetics. Most importantly, the text covers personalized epigenetics from a disease-oriented perspective, presenting chapters that provide advances in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management. Discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures Details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the consequent diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic potential of the field Reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the roles of pharmacology and drug development Devotes several chapters to the advances made in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Author: Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2015-10-10
ISBN 10: 0128016728
ISBN 13: 9780128016725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book Review:

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease synthesizes the existing knowledge on how the in utero environment could be the most important environment in shaping later risk for various diseases or to conversely promote the health of the offspring. The book mines the existing literature from a variety of disciplines from toxicology to nutrition to epigenetics to reveal how contrasting maternal in utero environmental changes might be leading to epigenetic convergence and the resulting deleterious phenotypic and physiological effects in our offspring. It is increasingly becoming apparent that even subtle changes in the mother’s diet, stress, and exposure to low concentrations of toxic chemicals at levels deemed safe by the EPA and FDA, such as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC), can dramatically impact the health of our children, possibly leading to metabolic, cardiovascular, immunological, neurobehavioral disorders, and increased risk for cancer to list but a few examples. Informs how everyday choices pregnant women make can impact child development Ties together how in utero environmental changes may be inducing epigenetic changes in the offspring leading to overlapping phenotypes regardless of the initial insult (toxic, nutrition, or stress) Includes a boxed-in area in each chapter for further references and resources to keep up with the field Features video interviews with the authors and other key leaders in the field

Transgenerational Epigenetics

Transgenerational Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2014-05-02
ISBN 10: 0124059228
ISBN 13: 9780124059221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transgenerational Epigenetics Book Review:

Transgenerational Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the inheritance of epigenetic phenomena between generations. Recent research points to the existence of biological phenomena that are controlled not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. Epidemiological studies have suggested that environmental factors may be heritable. In fact, environmental factors often play a role in transgenerational epigenetics, which may have selective or adverse effects on the offspring. This epigenetic information can be transferred through a number of mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modifications or RNA and the effects can persist for multiple generations. This book examines the evolution of epigenetic inheritance, its expression in animal and plant models, and how human diseases, such as metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases, appear to be affected by transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It discusses clinical interventions in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance that may be on the horizon to help prevent diseases before the offspring are born, or to reduce the severity of diseases at the very earliest stages of development in utero, and current controversies in this area of study, as well as future directions for research. Focused discussion of metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases and longevity, which appear most affected by reversible and heritable epigenetic processes Encompasses both foundational and clinical aspects including discussions of preventative in utero therapies Covers history, future outlook, disease management and current controversies

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity
Author: Alexey Moskalev,Alexander M. Vaiserman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2017-11-17
ISBN 10: 012811083X
ISBN 13: 9780128110836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity Book Review:

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity provides an in-depth analysis of the epigenetic nature of aging and the role of epigenetic factors in mediating the link between early-life experiences and life-course health and aging. Chapters from leading international contributors explore the effect of adverse conditions in early-life that may result in disrupted epigenetic pathways, as well as the potential to correct these disrupted pathways via targeted therapeutic interventions. Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance, epigenetic drug discovery, and the role of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating specific age-associated illnesses—including cancer and cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases—are explored in detail. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine, epigenetics, and biogerontology better understand the epigenetic determinants of aging and longevity, and ultimately aid in developing therapeutics to extend the human life-span and treat age-related disease. Offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetic nature of aging, as well as the impact of epigenetic factors on longevity and regulating age-related disease Provides readers with clinical and epidemiological evidence for the role of epigenetic mechanisms in mediating the link between early-life experiences, life-course health and aging trajectory Applies current knowledge of epigenetic regulatory pathways towards developing therapeutic interventions for age-related diseases and extending the human lifespan

Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function

Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function
Author: Peter L. M. Kerkhof,Virginia M. Miller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2018-07-26
ISBN 10: 331977932X
ISBN 13: 9783319779324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function Book Review:

This book gathers together contributions from internationally renowned authors in the field of cardiovascular systems and provides crucial insight into the importance of sex- and gender-concepts during the analysis of patient data. This innovative title is the first to offer the elements necessary to consider sex-related properties in both clinical and basic studies regarding the heart and circulation on multiscale levels (i.e. molecular, cellular, electrophysiologically, neuroendocrine, immunoregulatory, organ, allometric, and modeling). Observed differences at (ultra)cellular and organ level are quantified, with focus on clinical relevance and implications for diagnosis and patient management. Since the cardiovascular system is of vital importance for all tissues, Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function is an essential source of information for clinicians, biologists, and biomedical investigators. The wide spectrum of differences described in this book will also act as an eye-opener and serve as a handbook for students, teachers, scientists and practitioners.

Prognostic Epigenetics

Prognostic Epigenetics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2019-11-01
ISBN 10: 012814260X
ISBN 13: 9780128142608
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prognostic Epigenetics Book Review:

This volume provides comprehensive information on how mapping an individual’s epigenome can be medically relevant and holds the potential to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics at an early-stage (prior to disease onset). In order to advance clinical adoption of the recently developed epigenetic approaches, it is necessary for translational scientists, clinicians, and students to gain a better understanding about epigenetic mechanisms that are associated with a particular disorder; and to be able to effectively identify biomarkers that can be applied in drug development and for better diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. Prognostic Epigenetics is the most-inclusive volume to-date specifically dedicated to epigenetic markers that have been developed for prognosis of diseases, recent advances in this field, the clinical implementation of this research, and the future outlook. Compiles all known information on prognostic epigenetics and its role in preventive medicine and drug discovery Covers the basic functionality of epigenetic mechanisms involved in early disease prognosis and diagnosis, and provides tools for the identification and development of these biomarkers for a wide range of diseases Enables clinicians, researchers, and pharmacologists to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics throughout a person’s lifetime Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular Diseases
Author: Nilanjana Maulik, Ph.D.
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2013-04-09
ISBN 10: 1439882002
ISBN 13: 9781439882009
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cardiovascular Diseases Book Review:

With cardiovascular disease remaining one of the primary causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, there is a great need to further understand the molecular basis of this disease class and develop new therapeutic or preventative measures. Cardiovascular Diseases: Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions presents up-to-date information on the pathobiology of cardiovascular diseases, emphasizing emerging therapeutics and nutritional interventions. The book is divided into four parts: epidemiology, epigenetics, pathobiology, and therapies for cardiovascular diseases. Part I details epidemiological studies, highlighting the extent of the clinical problem. Part II describes the genetic and, primarily, epigenetic modifications associated with cardiovascular disease, including the importance of DNA methylation status and the possibility of early intervention using simple dietary modifications. The text also discusses histone modifications associated with disease and potential therapeutic synthetic and dietary compounds such as resveratrol and garlic. Covering the etiology and pathobiology, part III discusses lipid regulation, micro-RNAs, emerging cell-based therapies, and new receptor targets for therapeutics as well as targeted imaging. It also describes the link between cancer therapies and cardiomyopathy and the potential of vitamin C to ameliorate this effect. Part IV focuses on therapeutic and nutritional interventions, namely, stem cell therapies, emerging nanomedicines, and a wide range of dietary interventions. These include general healthy diets, fruits and vegetables, botanicals, effects of specific compounds such as antioxidants, and discussions on garlic, curcumin, and resveratrol. The text also covers lifestyle factors, emphasizing the importance of stress in the occurrence of and meditation and yoga in the management of cardiovascular disease. This book provides a comprehensive reference for clinicians and scientists, combining epidemiology, prevention, and modern treatment strategies.

Nutrition, Epigenetics and Health

Nutrition, Epigenetics and Health
Author: Burdge Graham,Lillycrop Karen
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2016-10-07
ISBN 10: 9813143320
ISBN 13: 9789813143326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nutrition, Epigenetics and Health Book Review:

Epigenetics is emerging as an important factor in risk of diseases of global importance including obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Unlike gene polymorphisms which have been the focus of understanding the role of inherited disease susceptibility for some time, epigenetic can be modified by environmental factors, in particular nutrition. Thus research into the role of epigenetics in disease has substantial potential for explaining the impact of the environmental factors such as diet on disease risk. Since epigenetic processes can be modified by nutrition, it may be possible to modify inappropriate epigenetic marks by nutritional interventions to reduce disease risk. This book will explore current understanding of the interaction between nutrition, epigenetics and disease risk, will place this knowledge in the context of global health and discuss the ethical implications of this research.

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease
Author: Michel Neidhart
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2015-08-11
ISBN 10: 0127999205
ISBN 13: 9780127999203
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease Book Review:

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease reviews the possibilities of methyl-group-based epigenetic biomarkers of major diseases, tailored epigenetic therapies, and the future uses of high-throughput methylome technologies. This volume includes many pertinent advances in disease-bearing research, including obesity, type II diabetes, schizophrenia, and autoimmunity. DNA methylation is also discussed as a plasma and serum test for non-invasive screening, diagnostic and prognostic tests, as compared to biopsy-driven gene expression analysis, factors which have led to the use of DNA methylation as a potential tool for determining cancer risk, and diagnosis between benign and malignant disease. Therapies are at the heart of this volume and the possibilities of DNA demethylation. In cancer, unlike genetic mutations, DNA methylation and histone modifications are reversible and thus have shown great potential in the race for effective treatments. In addition, the authors present the importance of high-throughput methylome analysis, not only in cancer, but also in non-neoplastic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Discusses breaking biomarker research in major disease families of current health concern and research interest, including obesity, type II diabetes, schizophrenia, and autoimmunity Summarizes advances not only relevant to cancer, but also in non-neoplastic disease, currently an emerging field Describes wholly new concepts, including the linking of metabolic pathways with epigenetics Provides translational researchers with the knowledge of both basic research and clinic applications of DNA methylation in human diseases

Toxicology and Epigenetics

Toxicology and Epigenetics
Author: Saura C. Sahu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2012-08-23
ISBN 10: 1118349067
ISBN 13: 9781118349069
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicology and Epigenetics Book Review:

Epigenetics is the study of both heritable and non-heritablechanges in the regulation of gene activity and expression thatoccur without an alteration in the DNA sequence. Thisdynamic and rapidly developing discipline is making its impactacross the biomedical sciences, in particular in toxicology whereepigenetic differences can mean that different individuals responddifferently to the same drug or chemical. Toxicology and Epigenetics reflects the multidimensionalcharacter of this emerging area of toxicology, describingcutting-edge molecular technologies to unravel epigenetic changes,the use of in vivo and in vitro models, as well asthe potential use of toxicological epigenetics in regulatoryenvironments. An international team of experts consider theinterplay between epigenetics and toxicology in a number of areas,including environmental, nutritional, pharmacological, andcomputational toxicology, nanomaterials, proteomics andmetabolomics, and cancer research. Topics covered include: environment, epigenetics and diseases DNA methylation and toxicogenomics chromatin at the intersection of disease and therapy epigenomic actions of environmental arsenicals environment, epigenetics and cardiovascular health toxicology, epigenetics and autoimmunity ocular epigenomics: potential sites of environmental impact indevelopment and disease nuclear RNA silencing and related phenomena in animals epigenomics – impact for drug safety sciences methods of global epigenomic profiling transcriptomics: applications in epigenetic toxicology Toxicology and Epigenetics is an essential insight intothe current trends and future directions of research in thisrapidly expanding field for investigators, toxicologists, riskassessors and regulators in academia, industry and government.

Organisers & Genes

Organisers & Genes
Author: Conrad Hal Waddington
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 160
Release: 1940
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015007521993
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organisers & Genes Book Review:

Conrad Hal Waddington's Organisers and Genes, published in 1940, is a summary of available research and theoretical framework for many concepts related to tissue differentiation in the developing embryo. The book is composed of two main conceptual sections. The first section explores the action and nature of the organizer, while the second section delves into genes and their influence on development. In this book Waddington explored organizers in terms of their capacity and method of induction. First he examined the nature of induction, discussing crucial experiments concerning the organizer, including Hans Spemann's discovery of the organizer, and his own research into organizers in higher birds and mammals. Waddington separated the action of the organizer into two distinct categories, evocation and individuation, discussed below. The main experimental approach discussed in this book involved grafting organizing tissue from one embryo or region of an embryo to another. Waddington described evocation as non-assimilative induction, or a one-way inducing signal. He presented this as a chemical signal and illustrated evocation with the dead organizer experiment. The dead organizer was shown to be capable of inducing differentiation of neural tissue in the ectoderm. He also included chemical induction by estrogens and steroids as other evocative signals. An important aspect of any signal of evocation, as presented by Waddington, is that the signal is specific to the differentiation of a certain tissue type.

Epigenetic Epidemiology

Epigenetic Epidemiology
Author: Karin B. Michels
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2012-01-02
ISBN 10: 9400724950
ISBN 13: 9789400724952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic Epidemiology Book Review:

The exploding field of epigenetics is challenging the dogma of traditional Mendelian inheritance. Epigenetics plays an important role in shaping who we are and contributes to our prospects of health and disease. While early epigenetic research focused on plant and animal models and in vitro experiments, population-based epidemiologic studies increasingly incorporate epigenetic components. The relevance of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and histone modification for disease causation has yet to be fully explored. This book covers the basic concepts of epigenetic epidemiology, discusses challenges in study design, analysis, and interpretation, epigenetic laboratory techniques, the influence of of age and environmental factors on shaping the epigenome, the role of epigenetics in the developmental origins hypothesis, and provides the state of the art on the epigenetic epidemiology of various health conditions including childhood syndromes, cancer, infectious diseases, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders, and atherosclerosis. With contributions from: Peter Jones, Jean-Pierre Issa, Gavin Kelsey, Robert Waterland, and many other experts in epigenetics!