Endocrine Secrets

Endocrine Secrets
Author: Michael T. McDermott
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 557
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1455749753
ISBN 13: 9781455749751
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Secrets Book Review:

The thoroughly updated Endocrine Secrets, 6th Edition continues the tradition of the highly popular Secrets Series®, offering fast answers to the most essential clinical endocrinology questions. A user-friendly Q&A format, replete with valuable pearls, tips, and memory aids, helps you to learn and study efficiently. It all adds up to a perfect concise board review or handy clinical endocrinology resource. Expedite your reference and review with a question-and-answer format that's conversational and easy to read. Zero in on key information with bulleted lists, mnemonics, practical tips from prominent endocrinologists, and "Key Points" boxes that provide a concise overview of important board-relevant content. Quickly review essential material with a chapter containing the "Top 100 Secrets" in endocrinology. Take your Secrets anywhere thanks to a convenient, pocket-sized design! Remain at the forefront of medical endocrinology with updates on new techniques and technologies, as well as changing treatment options and drug information. Equip yourself for effective practice with coverage of the most current developments in obesity management, weight loss drugs, and bariatric surgery; the newest guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus; and much more. Make use of practical tips on intensive insulin therapy, and apply evidence-based techniques to achieve appropriate glucose control in hospitalized patients and effectively manage thyroid cancer. Access the latest research concerning the benefits and risks of the wide range of osteoporosis therapies.

Endocrine Secrets

Endocrine Secrets
Author: Michael T. McDermott
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2009-03-20
ISBN 10: 0323074774
ISBN 13: 9780323074773
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Secrets Book Review:

The new, 5th Edition of Endocrine Secrets, by Michael McDermott, MD, continues the tradition of the highly popular Secrets Series®. A two-color page layout, question-and-answer approach, and chapter containing the “Top 100 Secrets offer a quick and current overview of essential knowledge in endocrinology. Updates throughout equip you with cutting-edge coverage, while new contributors present the latest perspectives. A wealth of user-friendly features-including valuable pearls, tips, and memory aids-help you to learn more efficiently. It all adds up to the perfect concise board review or handy clinical resource. Provides pearls, tips, and memory aids that help you learn more efficiently. Expedites reference and review with a question-and-answer format, bulleted lists, mnemonics, and tips from the authors. Includes a chapter containing the “Top 100 Secrets in endocrinology, enabling you to quickly review essential material. Uses a two-color page layout that makes reference easier. Features a convenient pocket size for easy access to key information. Features updates throughout to provide you with a current overview of the field of endocrinology. Includes the contributions of new authors who present the latest perspectives.

Endocrine Secrets E Book

Endocrine Secrets E Book
Author: Michael T. McDermott
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2019-07-16
ISBN 10: 0323624294
ISBN 13: 9780323624299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Secrets E Book Book Review:

For more than 30 years, the highly regarded Secrets Series® has provided students and practitioners in all areas of health care with concise, focused, and engaging resources for quick reference and exam review. Endocrine Secrets, 7th Edition, features the Secrets’ popular question-and-answer format that also includes lists, tables, pearls, memory aids, and an easy-to-read style – making inquiry, reference, and review quick, easy, and enjoyable. The proven Secrets Series® format gives you the most return for your time – succinct, easy to read, engaging, and highly effective. Fully revised and updated throughout, including protocols and guidelines that are continuously evolving and that increasingly dictate best practices. Top 100 Secrets and Key Points boxes provide a fast overview of the secrets you must know for success in practice and on exams. Features bulleted lists, mnemonics, practical tips from prominent endocrinologists – all providing a concise overview of important board-relevant content. Keeps you up to date with new techniques and technologies, as well as changing treatment options and drug information. Equips you for effective practice with coverage of the most current developments in obesity management, weight loss drugs, and bariatric surgery; type 2 diabetes mellitus; insulin therapy; thyroid cancer; osteoporosis therapies; and much more. Portable size makes it easy to carry with you for quick reference or review anywhere, anytime.

Endocrine Secrets E book

Endocrine Secrets E book
Author: Michael T. McDermott
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-03-21
ISBN 10: 1455753254
ISBN 13: 9781455753253
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Secrets E book Book Review:

The thoroughly updated Endocrine Secrets, 6th Edition continues the tradition of the highly popular Secrets Series®, offering fast answers to the most essential clinical endocrinology questions. A user-friendly Q&A format, replete with valuable pearls, tips, and memory aids, helps you to learn and study efficiently. It all adds up to a perfect concise board review or handy clinical endocrinology resource. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Compatible with Kindle®, nook®, and other popular devices. Expedite your reference and review with a question-and-answer format that's conversational and easy to read. Zero in on key information with bulleted lists, mnemonics, practical tips from prominent endocrinologists, and "Key Points" boxes that provide a concise overview of important board-relevant content. Quickly review essential material with a chapter containing the "Top 100 Secrets" in endocrinology. Take your Secrets anywhere thanks to a convenient, pocket-sized design! Remain at the forefront of medical endocrinology with updates on new techniques and technologies, as well as changing treatment options and drug information. Equip yourself for effective practice with coverage of the most current developments in obesity management, weight loss drugs, and bariatric surgery; the newest guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus; and much more. Make use of practical tips on intensive insulin therapy, and apply evidence-based techniques to achieve appropriate glucose control in hospitalized patients and effectively manage thyroid cancer. Access the latest research concerning the benefits and risks of the wide range of osteoporosis therapies.

Endocrine Secrets

Endocrine Secrets
Author: Michael T. McDermott
Publsiher: Mosby
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015054256527
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Secrets Book Review:

The Secrets Series® is breaking new ground again. This volume in the very popular Secrets Series® is back in an exciting, updated, and completely redesigned 4th Edition. A new, two-color page layout, a more portable size, and a list of the "Top 100 Secrets" in endocrinology help readers to better meet the challenges they face today. And, at no extra charge, purchasers also receive online access to the complete contents of the text via Elsevier's innovative STUDENTConsult.com website. Readers will still find all of the features they rely on the Secrets Series® for-a question- and -answer format, lists, mnemonics, tables, and an informal tone that make reference fast and easy. No matter what questions arise, in practice or while preparing for boards, this 4th Edition has the answers-in print and online. The smart way to study! Elsevier titles with STUDENT CONSULT will help you master difficult concepts and study more efficiently in print and online! Perform rapid searches. Integrate bonus content from other disciplines. Download text to your handheld device. And a lot more. Each STUDENT CONSULT title comes with full text online, a unique image library, case studies, USMLE style questions, and online note-taking to enhance your learning experience. Offers access to the complete contents of the text and other community features online via the STUDENTConsult.com website. Includes a list of the "Top 100 Secrets" to keep in mind during residency and practice. Features a new, more compact trim size (5 1/4" x 8 1/2") for enhanced portability. Makes information easier to find with a new, two-color page layout and "Key Points" boxes. Identifies useful websites to facilitate obtaining additional information on a specific topic, and provides live links in online version. Your purchase of this book entitles you to access www.studentconsult.com at no extra charge. This innovative web site offers you... Access to the complete text and illustrations of this book. Content clipping for your handheld. An interactive community center with a wealth of additional resources. The more STUDENT CONSULT titles you buy, the more resources you can access online! Look for the STUDENT CONSULT logo on your favorite Elsevier textbooks! Offers access to the complete contents of the text and other community features online via the STUDENTConsult.com website. Includes a list of the "Top 100 Secrets" to keep in mind during residency and practice. Features a new, more compact trim size (5 1/4" x 8 1/2") for enhanced portability. Makes information easier to find with a new, two-color page layout and "Key Points" boxes. Identifies useful websites to facilitate obtaining additional information on a specific topic, and provides live links in online version.

Endocrine Secrets

Endocrine Secrets
Author: Michael T. McDermott
Publsiher: Elsevier India
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2013-11-01
ISBN 10: 813123519X
ISBN 13: 9788131235195
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Secrets Book Review:

The thoroughly updated Endocrine Secrets, 6th Edition continues the tradition of the highly popular Secrets Series®, offering fast answers to the most essential clinical endocrinology questions. A user-friendly Q&A format, replete with valuable pearls, tips, and memory aids, helps you to learn and study efficiently. It all adds up to a perfect concise board review or handy clinical endocrinology resource.

Nephrology Secrets

Nephrology Secrets
Author: Edgar V. Lerma,Allen R. Nissenson
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 647
Release: 2011-06-21
ISBN 10: 1416033629
ISBN 13: 9781416033622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nephrology Secrets Book Review:

Nephrology Secrets, 3rd Edition, by Drs. Edgar V. Lerma and Allen R. Nissenson, gives you the nephrology answers you need to succeed on your rotations and boards.. Its unique, highly practical question-and-answer format, list of the "Top 100 Nephrology Secrets," and user-friendly format make it perfect for quick reference. Get the most return for your study time with the proven Secrets® format -- concise, easy to read, and highly effective. Skim the "Top 100 Secrets" and "Key Points" boxes for a fast overview of the secrets you must know for success on the boards and in practice. Enjoy faster, easier review and master the top issues in nephrology with mnemonics, lists, quick-reference tables, and an informal tone that sets this review book apart from the rest. Carry it with you in your lab coat pocket for quick reference or review anytime, anywhere. Handle each clinical situation with confidence with chapters completely updated to reflect the latest information. Find the answers you need faster thanks to a new, more streamlined and problem-based organization. Get the high-yield answers you need to address top nephrology questions

Canine Internal Medicine Secrets E Book

Canine Internal Medicine Secrets E Book
Author: Stan Rubin,Anthony Carr
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2006-12-04
ISBN 10: 1437711472
ISBN 13: 9781437711479
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Canine Internal Medicine Secrets E Book Book Review:

Part of the popular Secrets Series®, this new text provides essential, practical information for reviewing canine internal medicine topics commonly encountered in clinical situations. Organized by disorder type, it features numerous photos, a popular question-and-answer format, and a detailed index that makes it easy to find information quickly. In 10 concise chapters, expert contributors pose key questions and provide authoritative answers addressing the situations that confront small animal veterinarians every day. Authoritative coverage is provided by a team of nationally recognized canine internal medicine experts. All of the most important "need to know" questions and answers are offered in the concise, proven format of the acclaimed Secrets Series. More than 65 superior-quality illustrations highlight key concepts. A thorough, highly detailed index provides quick and easy access to specific topics.

Abernathy s Surgical Secrets E Book

Abernathy s Surgical Secrets E Book
Author: Alden H. Harken,Ernest E. Moore
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-12-22
ISBN 10: 0323074758
ISBN 13: 9780323074759
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Abernathy s Surgical Secrets E Book Book Review:

The new edition of this leading volume in the Secrets Series® offers the very latest overview of surgical practice. A two-color page layout, question-and-answer approach, and a list of the “Top 100 Secrets in surgery gives you the perfect concise board review or handy clinical reference, while updated coverage throughout equips you with all of the most current and essential knowledge in the field. Valuable pearls, tips, and memory aids make this the perfect resource for a fast surgical review or reference. Uses bulleted lists, tables, short answers, and a highly detailed index to expedite reference. Includes pearls, tips, and memory aids, making it perfect as a handy surgical review for board exams or clinical reference. Covers all of today’s most common surgical procedures and techniques. Presents a “Controversies section in many chapters that highlights the pros and cons of selected procedures and approaches. Features a compact trim size for enhanced portability. Features revisions throughout to provide you with an up-to-date overview of today’s surgical care and practice. Includes new chapters on mechanical ventilation, bariatric surgery, adrenal incidentaloma, mechanical circulatory support, and professionalism, to keep you current.

Tarascon Adult Endocrinology Pocketbook

Tarascon Adult Endocrinology Pocketbook
Author: Clinical Assistant Professor Brown University Providence Rhode Island Attending Physician Hallette Center for Diabetes Providence Rhode Island Marc J Laufgraben,Marc J. Laufgraben,Geetha Gopalakrishnan
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-06-03
ISBN 10: 1449648576
ISBN 13: 9781449648572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tarascon Adult Endocrinology Pocketbook Book Review:

Tarascon Adult Endocrinology Pocketbook is a convenient reference guide that provides a comprehensive review of major endocrine topics along with a succinct presentation of physiology, pathophysiology, and diagnostic and management strategies in endocrinology. Endocrine topics include: Pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal disorders Male and female reproduction Diabetes and obesity Calcium metabolism and osteoporosis Tarascon Adult Endocrinology Pocketbook is a must-have tool for practicing primary care physicians as well as medical students, residents and endocrinology fellows."

GI Liver Secrets Plus E Book

GI Liver Secrets Plus E Book
Author: Peter R McNally
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2014-11-17
ISBN 10: 0323315771
ISBN 13: 9780323315777
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GI Liver Secrets Plus E Book Book Review:

Stay up to date on today's most common GI and liver disorders and their management with GI/Liver Secrets Plus. This enhanced medical reference book is an excellent resource for understanding the physiology and therapy in hepatic and digestive disease. Whether preparing for an exam or quickly checking a clinical question, the user-friendly Secrets Series® style makes this book a valuable addition to your library! Easily locate important information with bulleted lists, tables, boxes, short answers, and a highly detailed index to expedite reference. Access a broad range of topics that focus on all of today's most common GI and liver disorders and their management. Apply the latest knowledge and techniques with content thoroughly updated by leaders in the field. Quickly review key concepts with improved "Plus" formatting, which employs a Socratic Q&A approach designed to simulate the types of questions that may be used on patient rounds. Enhance your reference power through bulleted lists, mnemonics, "Key Points" summaries, lists of useful web sites, and practical tips from the authors. Improve content knowledge with a special chapter containing "Top 100 Secrets," providing an overview of essential material for last-minute study or self-assessment. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability.

Rheumatology Secrets E Book

Rheumatology Secrets E Book
Author: Sterling West
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2019-10-13
ISBN 10: 032364080X
ISBN 13: 9780323640800
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rheumatology Secrets E Book Book Review:

For more than 30 years, the highly regarded Secrets Series® has provided students and practitioners in all areas of health care with concise, focused, and engaging resources for quick reference and exam review. Rheumatology Secrets, 4th Edition, features the Secrets’ popular question-and-answer format that also includes lists, tables, pearls, memory aids, and an easy-to-read style – making inquiry, reference, and review quick, easy, and enjoyable. The proven Secrets Series® format gives you the most return for your time – succinct, easy to read, engaging, and highly effective. Fully revised and updated throughout, including protocols and guidelines that are continuously evolving and that increasingly dictate best practices. Practical coverage of basic immunology and pathophysiology, important disease manifestations, and clinical management issues related to common and uncommon rheumatic disorders. Top 100 Secrets and Key Points boxes provide a fast overview of the secrets you must know for success in practice and on exams. Features bulleted lists, mnemonics, practical tips from leaders in the field – all providing a concise overview of important board-relevant content. Keeps you up to date with new techniques and technologies, as well as changing treatment options and drug information. Portable size makes it easy to carry with you for quick reference or review anywhere, anytime.

Physiology Secrets

Physiology Secrets
Author: Hershel Raff, PhD
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 425
Release: 2002-10-02
ISBN 10: 9781560535096
ISBN 13: 1560535091
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physiology Secrets Book Review:

Physiology Secrets, 2nd Edition is a good balance of basic physiology and clinical applications with comprehensive coverage of physiology. As basic science courses are increasingly becoming problem-based, with an emphasis on clinical applications of basic science principles, the Secrets approach is ideally suited to present this kind of information. In its basic Q & A format, this approach is also especially well suited to focusing on the key information in each area of what can be a difficult subject of study. Concise answers with valuable pearls, tips, memory aids, and "secrets" Includes multiple choice "Final Exam" Q&A Raff now editor of leading undergrad physiology book, Vander's Physiology. Will have increased name recognition. New chapters include Cell Signaling, Physiology of Bone, Endocrine-Metabolic Integration, Endocrine-Immune Interactions, and Physiology of Aging Raff has become an increasingly major name in Physiology and is now on the author team of the Vander Physiology text from McGraw-Hill (competitor to Guyton and Hall) All chapters have been updated and expanded, with special focus on strengthening and expanding the Cardiovascular chapter.

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets
Author: Stephen A. Greene
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2001-12-27
ISBN 10: 9781560534426
ISBN 13: 1560534427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets Book Review:

The highly popular Secrets Series® presents an important new resource for veterinarians in this comprehensive, yet focused, coverage of one of the most important and fastest-emerging specialties in veterinary medicine. Among the topics covered are Patient Management, Preparation, Pharmacology, Monitoring, Anesthetic Complications, Anesthesia and Systemic Disease, Special Anesthetic Considerations, Regional Anesthesia, and Pain Management for Small Animals. Emerging area of pain management is covered as well as anesthesia Greene one of the major authorities on pain management Proven Secrets format makes this a unique offering

Washington Manual Endocrinology Subspecialty Consult

Washington Manual Endocrinology Subspecialty Consult
Author: Janet McGill
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2019-02-22
ISBN 10: 1975113349
ISBN 13: 9781975113346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Washington Manual Endocrinology Subspecialty Consult Book Review:

Designed for residents cycling through an internal medicine subspecialty clinical rotation or for fellows who need to better understand the fundamentals, this fourth edition offers you updated guidance on the physical exam, diagnosis, management, and treatment follow-up for various endocrine disorders. Written in a step-by-step, to-the-point style, the book covers diabetes mellitus, multi-system disorders, as well as conditions of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid, and more.

Feline Internal Medicine Secrets

Feline Internal Medicine Secrets
Author: Michael R. Lappin
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2001-02-27
ISBN 10: 9781560534617
ISBN 13: 1560534613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Feline Internal Medicine Secrets Book Review:

This book covers the breadth of feline diagnosis and management in the textbook-in-question-and-answer format of The Secrets Series®. After years of being treated under the basic medical model of the canine, feline medicine has reached greater prominence in the past few years, and has become a hot topic in veterinary medicine, yielding several successful books. Michael Lappin is one of the major names in modern feline medicine, and he has assembled a cast of contributors featuring many of the major feline authorities in the U.S. Each chapter presents a brief overview of, discusses the diagnostic plan, and then focuses on the key concepts for each topic.

Hematology oncology Secrets

Hematology oncology Secrets
Author: Marie E. Wood,George K. Philips
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9781560535164
ISBN 13: 1560535164
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hematology oncology Secrets Book Review:

You asked for a new edition. Here it is, better than ever! Not only have many of the same experts in hematology and oncology returned to update their chapters, but new specialists have joined the team, rounding out this edition's detailed coverage of cancer treatment, palliative care, blood disorders, genetic counseling, and more. New to this edition are: skeletal complications of malignancy, fatigue in the cancer patient, and targeted molecular therapy. Freshen your knowledge base, study for the boards, or read for the challenge of testing yourself. - Back cover.

Medical Secrets E Book

Medical Secrets E Book
Author: Mary P. Harward
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2018-09-29
ISBN 10: 0323527914
ISBN 13: 9780323527910
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Secrets E Book Book Review:

For more than 30 years, the highly regarded Secrets Series® has provided students and practitioners in all areas of health care with concise, focused, and engaging resources for quick reference and exam review. Medical Secrets, 6th Edition, features the Secrets’ popular question-and-answer format that also includes lists, tables, pearls, memory aids, and an easy-to-read style – making inquiry, reference, and review quick, easy, and enjoyable. The proven Secrets Series® format gives you the most return for your time – succinct, easy to read, engaging, and highly effective. Coverage includes the full range of essential topics in medicine for in-training and practicing professionals, authored by a diverse range of teachers and clinicians who cover both medical and ethical issues. Fully revised and updated throughout, including protocols and guidelines that are continuously evolving and that increasingly dictate best practices. Top 100 Secrets and Key Points boxes provide a fast overview of the secrets you must know for success in practice and on exams.

Cardiology Secrets

Cardiology Secrets
Author: Glenn N. Levine
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1455748153
ISBN 13: 9781455748150
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cardiology Secrets Book Review:

Get quick answers to the most important clinical questions with Cardiology Secrets! Using the popular and trusted Secret Series® Q&A format, this easy-to-read cardiology book provides rapid access to the practical, "in-the-trenches" know-how you need to succeed both in practice, and on cardiology board and recertification exams. Get the evidence-based guidance you need to provide optimal care for your patients with cardiac heart diseases. Explore effective solutions to a full range of clinical issues including the general examination, diagnostic procedures, arrhythmias, symptoms and disease states, valvular heart disease, cardiovascular pharmacology, and other medical conditions with associated cardiac involvement. Zero in on key information with bulleted lists, mnemonics, practical tips from the leading cardiologists, and "Key Points" boxes that provide a concise overview of important board-relevant content. Review essential material efficiently with the "Top 100 Secrets in Cardiology" - perfect for last-minute study or self-assessment. Apply all the latest advances in clinical cardiology techniques, technology, and pharmacology. Access the complete text and illustrations online at Expert Consult, fully searchable.

Master Your Metabolism

Master Your Metabolism
Author: Jillian Michaels,Mariska van Aalst
Publsiher: Harmony
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2009-04-07
ISBN 10: 9780307450975
ISBN 13: 030745097X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Master Your Metabolism Book Review:

Does it feel as if you’re fighting your body to lose even one pound—or just to maintain your current weight? Respected health and wellness expert and bestselling author Jillian Michaels has been there, too. So she consulted top experts in the field of metabolism and discovered that she’d inadvertently been abusing her endocrine system for years. After “fixing” her own metabolism, she decided to share what she learned by devising this simple, 3-phase plan that engages all the weight-loss hormones (including the friendly HGH, testosterone, DHEA; and the not-so-friendly: insulin, cortisol, and excess estrogen). In Master Your Metabolism, discover how to: •REMOVE “anti-nutrients” from your diet •RESTORE foods that speak directly to fat-burning genes •REBALANCE energy and your hormones for effortless weight loss Michaels offers a wealth of information throughout, including: shopping lists and online shopping resources, hormone-trigger food charts, how to eat “power nutrient” foods on a budget, smart strategies for eating out, quick and easy recipes, as well as mini-programs for addressing PMS, andropause, metabolic syndrome, PCOS, and menopause. From the Hardcover edition.