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The basic concepts found in introductory earth science courses in high school and college are presented and explained.
From the reviews: "All in all, Graham Borradaile has written and interesting and idiosyncratic book on statistics for geoscientists that will be welcome among students, researchers, and practitioners dealing with orientation data. That should include engineering geologists who work with things like rock fracture orientation measurements or clast alignment in paleoseismic trenches. It won’t replace the collection of statistics and geostatistics texts in my library, but it will have a place among them and will likely be one of several references to which I turn when working with orientation data.... The text is easy to follow and illustrations are generally clear and easy to read..."(William C. Haneberg, Haneberg Geoscience)
This book provides information on the Earth science remote sensing data information and data format such as HDF-EOS. It evaluates the current data processing approaches and introduces data searching and ordering from different public domains. It further explores the remote sensing and GIS migration products and WebGIS applications. Both volumes are designed to give an introduction to current and future NASA, NOAA and other Earth science remote sensing.
This book, originally published in German in 1982, deals with the conceptual structure of research in the geosciences - how the evidence from various lines of scientific research is used to arrive at results accepted by the scientific community.
Make ongoing, classroom-based assessment second nature to your students and you. Everyday Assessment in the Science Classroom is a thought-provoking collection of 10 essays on the theories behind the latest assessment techniques. The authors offer in-depth "how to" suggestions on conducting assessments as a matter of routine, especially in light of high-stakes standards-based exams, using assessment to improve instruction, and involving students in the assessment process. The second in NSTA's Science Educator's Essay Collection, Everyday Assessment is designed to build confidence and enhance every teacher's ability to embed assessment into daily classwork. The book's insights will help make assessment a dynamic classroom process of fine-tuning how and what you teach... drawing students into discussions about learning, establishing criteria, doing self-assessment, and setting goals for what they will learn.
The profound effects of the earth, its oceans, and its atmospheres on the entire course of American history provide the focus of this exciting resource. Classroom-ready activities guide middle and high school students in applying the principles of earth science to events that dictated America's past and present, from 30,000 years ago to today. Students apply critical thinking and experiential learning to such historic events as early migrations to and from North America, and the building of the Panama Canal.
|Author||: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future|
|Publsiher||: National Academies Press|
|Total Pages||: 454|
|ISBN 10||: 9780309103879|
|ISBN 13||: 0309103878|
|Language||: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL|
Natural and human-induced changes in Earth's interior, land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans affect all aspects of life. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and USGS in developing these tools, the NRC was asked to carry out a "decadal strategy" survey of Earth science and applications from space that would develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015 and beyond, and present a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This report presents a vision for the Earth science program; an analysis of the existing Earth Observing System and recommendations to help restore its capabilities; an assessment of and recommendations for new observations and missions for the next decade; an examination of and recommendations for effective application of those observations; and an analysis of how best to sustain that observation and applications system.
NASA earth science : hearing before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, April 28, 2005.
First published in 1983, this book describes the construction and in-laboratory use of basic earth-science equipment, including the flume, rainfall simulator, wind tunnel and wave generator. It is emphasised throughout that the equipment should be capable of a high level of control so that experiments can be planned and replicated. The aim of the book is to facilitate the laboratory study of landform processes in courses associated with geomorphology, geology, physical geography and earth science in general. The book contains details of a number of experiments using each type of simulator, and these are described in detail on a formal objective-procedure-conclusion basis, each conclusion being repeated using a 'systems analysis' approach to key attributes. This book will be invaluable to instructions at universities, colleges and secondary schools who teach earth science, geology, physical geography and geomorphology, and to students training to be teachers in these subjects.
Earth science is the study of the Earth, its origin, its structure, the changes it has undergone, and the past and future consequences of those changes. Its four major branches include meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, and geology. From the formulation of the three major principles of modern geology to the publishing of Principles of Geology, Earth Science profiles 10 influential people who made amazing discoveries in Earth science. Each chapter contains relevant information on the scientist's childhood, research, discoveries, and lasting contributions to the field and concludes with a chronology and a list of print and Internet references specific to that individual.
"Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs): Quizzes & Practice Tests with Answer Key" covers mock tests for competitive exams. This book can help to learn and practice Earth Science Quizzes as a quick study guide for placement test preparation. "Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)" will help with theoretical, conceptual, and analytical study for self-assessment, career tests. "Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers" pdf is a revision guide with a collection of trivia questions to fun quiz questions and answers pdf on topics: agents of erosion and deposition, atmosphere composition, atmosphere layers, earth atmosphere, earth models and maps, earth science and models, earthquakes, energy resources, minerals and earth crust, movement of ocean water, oceanography: ocean water, oceans exploration, oceans of world, planets facts, planets for kids, plates tectonics, restless earth: plate tectonics, rocks and minerals mixtures, solar system for kids, solar system formation, space astronomy, space science, stars galaxies and universe, tectonic plates for kids, temperature, weather and climate to enhance teaching and learning. Earth Science Quiz Questions and Answers pdf also covers the syllabus of many competitive papers for admission exams of different schools from science textbooks on chapters: Agents of Erosion and Deposition Multiple Choice Questions: 20 MCQs Atmosphere Composition Multiple Choice Questions: 13 MCQs Atmosphere Layers Multiple Choice Questions: 12 MCQs Earth Atmosphere Multiple Choice Questions: 40 MCQs Earth Models and Maps Multiple Choice Questions: 163 MCQs Earth Science and Models Multiple Choice Questions: 131 MCQs Earthquakes Multiple Choice Questions: 29 MCQs Energy Resources Multiple Choice Questions: 107 MCQs Minerals and Earth Crust Multiple Choice Questions: 97 MCQs Movement of Ocean Water Multiple Choice Questions: 18 MCQs Oceanography: Ocean Water Multiple Choice Questions: 31 MCQs Oceans Exploration Multiple Choice Questions: 45 MCQs Oceans of World Multiple Choice Questions: 25 MCQs Planets Facts Multiple Choice Questions: 14 MCQs Planets Multiple Choice Questions: 82 MCQs Plates Tectonics Multiple Choice Questions: 41 MCQs Restless Earth: Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Questions: 17 MCQs Rocks and Minerals Mixtures Multiple Choice Questions: 164 MCQs Solar System Multiple Choice Questions: 15 MCQs Solar System Formation Multiple Choice Questions: 18 MCQs Space Astronomy Multiple Choice Questions: 38 MCQs Space Science Multiple Choice Questions: 52 MCQs Stars Galaxies and Universe Multiple Choice Questions: 59 MCQs Tectonic Plates Multiple Choice Questions: 13 MCQs Temperature Multiple Choice Questions: 15 MCQs Weather and Climate Multiple Choice Questions: 103 MCQs The chapter “Agents of Erosion and Deposition MCQs” covers topics of glacial deposits types, angle of repose, glaciers and landforms carved, physical science, rapid mass movement, and slow mass movement. The chapter “Atmosphere Composition MCQs” covers topics of composition of atmosphere, layers of atmosphere, energy in atmosphere, human caused pollution sources, ozone hole, wind, and air pressure. The chapter “Atmosphere Layers MCQs” covers topics of layers of atmosphere, earth layers formation, human caused pollution sources, and primary pollutants. The chapter “Earth Atmosphere MCQs” covers topics of layers of atmosphere, energy in atmosphere, atmospheric pressure and temperature, air pollution and human health, cleaning up air pollution, global winds, human caused pollution sources, ozone hole, physical science, primary pollutants, solar energy, wind, and air pressure, and winds storms. The chapter “Earth Models and Maps MCQs” covers topics of introduction to topographic maps, earth maps, map projections, earth surface mapping, azimuthal projection, direction on earth, earth facts, earth system science, elements of elevation, equal area projections, equator, flat earth sphere, flat earth theory, geographic information system (GIS), GPS, latitude, longitude, modern mapmaking, north and south pole, planet earth, prime meridian, remote sensing, science experiments, science projects, topographic map symbols, and venus. The chapter “Earth Science and Models MCQs” covers topics of branches of earth science, geology science, right models, climate models, astronomy facts, black smokers, derived quantities, geoscience, international system of units, mathematical models, measurement units, meteorology, metric conversion, metric measurements, oceanography facts, optical telescope, physical quantities, planet earth, science experiments, science formulas, SI systems, temperature units, SI units, types of scientific models, and unit conversion. The chapter “Earthquakes MCQs” covers topics of earthquake forecasting, earthquake strength and intensity, locating earthquake, faults: tectonic plate boundaries, seismic analysis, and seismic waves. The chapter “Energy Resources MCQs” covers topics of energy resources, alternative resources, conservation of natural resources, fossil fuels sources, nonrenewable resources, planet earth, renewable resources, atom and fission, chemical energy, combining atoms: fusion, earth science facts, earth’s resource, fossil fuels formation, fossil fuels problems, science for kids, science projects, and types of fossil fuels. The chapter “Minerals and Earth Crust MCQs” covers topics of what is mineral, mineral structure, minerals and density, minerals and hardness, minerals and luster, minerals and streak, minerals color, minerals groups, mining of minerals, use of minerals, cleavage and fracture, responsible mining, rocks and minerals, and science formulas. The chapter “Movement of Ocean Water MCQs” covers topics of ocean currents, deep currents, science for kids, and surface currents. The chapter “Oceanography: Ocean Water MCQs” covers topics of anatomy of wave, lure of moon, surface current and climate, tidal variations, tides and topography, types of waves, wave formation, and movement. The chapter “Oceans Exploration MCQs” covers topics of exploring ocean: underwater vessels, benthic environment, benthic zone, living resources, nonliving resources, ocean pollution, save ocean, science projects, and three groups of marine life. The chapter “Oceans of World MCQs” covers topics of ocean floor, global ocean division, ocean water characteristics, and revealing ocean floor. The chapter “Planets’ Facts MCQs” covers topics of inner and outer solar system, earth and space, interplanetary distances, Luna: moon of earth, mercury, meteoride, moon of planets, Saturn, and Venus. The chapter “Planets MCQs” covers topics of solar system, discovery of solar system, inner and outer solar system, asteroids, comets, earth and space, Jupiter, Luna: moon of earth, mars planet, mercury, meteoride, moon of planets, Neptune, radars, Saturn, Uranus, Venus, and wind storms. The chapter “Plates Tectonics MCQs” covers topics of breakup of tectonic plates boundaries, tectonic plates motion, tectonic plates, plate tectonics and mountain building, pangaea, earth crust, earth interior, earth rocks deformation, earth rocks faulting, earth rocks folding, sea floor spreading, and wegener continental drift hypothesis. The chapter “Restless Earth: Plate Tectonics MCQs” covers topics of composition of earth, earth crust, earth system science, and physical structure of earth. The chapter “Rocks and Minerals Mixtures MCQs” covers topics of metamorphic rock composition, metamorphic rock structures, igneous rock formation, igneous rocks: composition and texture, metamorphism, origins of igneous rock, origins of metamorphic rock, origins of sedimentary rock, planet earth, rock cycle, rocks classification, rocks identification, sedimentary rock composition, sedimentary rock structures, textures of metamorphic rock, earth science facts, earth shape, and processes,. The chapter “Solar System MCQs” covers topics of solar system formation, energy in sun, structure of sun, gravity, oceans and continents formation, revolution in astronomy, solar nebula, and ultraviolet rays. The chapter “Solar System Formation MCQs” covers topics of solar system formation, solar activity, solar nebula, earth atmosphere formation, earth system science, gravity, oceans and continents formation, revolution in astronomy, science formulas, and structure of sun. The chapter “Space Astronomy MCQs” covers topics of inner solar system, outer solar system, communication satellite, first satellite, first spacecraft, how rockets work, international space station, military satellites, remote sensing, rocket science, space shuttle, and weather satellites. The chapter “Space Science MCQs” covers topics of modern astronomy, early astronomy, Doppler effect, modern calendar, non-optical telescopes, optical telescope, patterns on sky, science experiments, stars in night sky, telescopes, universe: size, and scale. The chapter “Stars Galaxies and Universe MCQs” covers topics of types of galaxies, origin of galaxies, types of stars, stars brightness, stars classification, stars colors, stars composition, big bang theory, contents of galaxies, knowledge of stars, motion of stars, science experiments, stars: beginning and end, universal expansion, universe structure, and when stars get old. The chapter “Tectonic Plates MCQs” covers topics of tectonic plates, tectonic plates boundaries, tectonic plates motion, communication satellite, earth rocks deformation, earth rocks faulting, sea floor spreading, and Wegener continental drift hypothesis. The chapter “Temperature MCQs” covers topics of temperate zone, energy in atmosphere, humidity, latitude, layers of atmosphere, ocean currents, physical science, precipitation, sun cycle, tropical zone, and weather forecasting technology. The chapter “Weather and Climate MCQs” covers topics of weather forecasting technology, severe weather safety, air pressure and weather, asteroid impact, atmospheric pressure and temperature, cleaning up air pollution, climates of world, clouds, fronts, humidity, ice ages, large bodies of water, latitude, mountains, north and south pole, physical science, polar zone, precipitation, prevailing winds, radars, solar energy, sun cycle, temperate zone, thunderstorms, tropical zone, volcanic eruptions, and winds storms.
Contains 174 papers, in complete or abstract form, presented at the fourth International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences in Adelaide, south Australia from August 16-20, 1982.
180 reproducible quick activities--one for each day of the school year--review, practice, and teach earth-science topics.
Contains a history of earth sciences, providing definitions and explanations of related topics, plus brief biographies of scientists of the twentieth century.