Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules
Author: Hsinjin Edwin Yang,Roger French,Laura Bruckman
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2019-04-15
ISBN 10: 0128115459
ISBN 13: 9780128115459
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules Book Review:

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules describes the durability and reliability behavior of polymers used in Si-photovoltaic modules and systems, particularly in terms of physical aging and degradation process/mechanisms, characterization methods, accelerated exposure chamber and testing, module level testing, and service life prediction. The book compares polymeric materials to traditional materials used in solar applications, explaining the degradation pathways of the different elements of a photovoltaic module, including encapsulant, front sheet, back sheet, wires and connectors, adhesives, sealants, and more. In addition, users will find sections on the tests needed for the evaluation of polymer degradation and aging, as well as accelerated tests to aid in materials selection. As demand for photovoltaics continues to grow globally, with polymer photovoltaics offering significantly lower production costs compared to earlier approaches, this book will serve as a welcome resource on new avenues. Provides comprehensive coverage of photovoltaic polymers, from fundamental degradation mechanisms, to specific case studies of durability and materials failure Offers practical, actionable information in relation to service life prediction of photovoltaic modules and accelerated testing for materials selection Includes up-to-date information and interpretation of safety regulations and testing of photovoltaic modules and materials

Photovoltaic Module Reliability

Photovoltaic Module Reliability
Author: John H. Wohlgemuth
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2020-01-08
ISBN 10: 1119459028
ISBN 13: 9781119459026
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Book Review:

Provides practical guidance on the latest quality assurance and accelerated stress test methods for improved long-term performance prediction of PV modules This book has been written from a historical perspective to guide readers through how the PV industry learned what the failure and degradation modes of PV modules were, how accelerated tests were developed to cause the same failures and degradations in the laboratory, and then how these tests were used as tools to guide the design and fabrication of reliable and long-life modules. Photovoltaic Module Reliability starts with a brief history of photovoltaics, discussing some of the different types of materials and devices used for commercial solar cells. It then goes on to offer chapters on: Module Failure Modes; Development of Accelerated Stress Tests; Qualification Testing; and Failure Analysis Tools. Next, it examines the use of quality management systems to manufacture PV modules. Subsequent chapters cover the PVQAT Effort; the Conformity Assessment and IECRE; and Predicting PV Module Service Life. The book finishes with a look at what the future holds for PV. A comprehensive treatment of current photovoltaic (PV) technology reliability and necessary improvement to become a significant part of the electric utility supply system Well documented with experimental and practical cases throughout, enhancing relevance to both scientific community and industry Timely contribution to the harmonization of methodological aspects of PV reliability evaluation with test procedures implemented to certify PV module quality Written by a leading international authority in PV module reliability Photovoltaic Module Reliability is an excellent book for anyone interested in PV module reliability, including those working directly on PV module and system reliability and preparing to purchase modules for deployment.

Electricity from Photovoltaic Solar Cells Module encapsulation

Electricity from Photovoltaic Solar Cells  Module encapsulation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1986
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: PSU:000013044152
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electricity from Photovoltaic Solar Cells Module encapsulation Book Review:

Photovoltaic Module Reliability

Photovoltaic Module Reliability
Author: John H Wohlgemuth
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2020-03-16
ISBN 10: 1119458994
ISBN 13: 9781119458999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Book Review:

Provides practical guidance on the latest quality assurance and accelerated stress test methods for improved long-term performance prediction of PV modules This book has been written from a historical perspective to guide readers through how the PV industry learned what the failure and degradation modes of PV modules were, how accelerated tests were developed to cause the same failures and degradations in the laboratory, and then how these tests were used as tools to guide the design and fabrication of reliable and long-life modules. Photovoltaic Module Reliability starts with a brief history of photovoltaics, discussing some of the different types of materials and devices used for commercial solar cells. It then goes on to offer chapters on: Module Failure Modes; Development of Accelerated Stress Tests; Qualification Testing; and Failure Analysis Tools. Next, it examines the use of quality management systems to manufacture PV modules. Subsequent chapters cover the PVQAT Effort; the Conformity Assessment and IECRE; and Predicting PV Module Service Life. The book finishes with a look at what the future holds for PV. A comprehensive treatment of current photovoltaic (PV) technology reliability and necessary improvement to become a significant part of the electric utility supply system Well documented with experimental and practical cases throughout, enhancing relevance to both scientific community and industry Timely contribution to the harmonization of methodological aspects of PV reliability evaluation with test procedures implemented to certify PV module quality Written by a leading international authority in PV module reliability Photovoltaic Module Reliability is an excellent book for anyone interested in PV module reliability, including those working directly on PV module and system reliability and preparing to purchase modules for deployment.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1986
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105019654826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

Research Opportunities in Reliability of Photovoltaic Modules

Research Opportunities in Reliability of Photovoltaic Modules
Author: Peter Hacke
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:727264785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Opportunities in Reliability of Photovoltaic Modules Book Review:

The motivation for an increased scope and a more proactive effort in reliability research of photovoltaic modules and systems includes reducing the levelized cost of energy and gaining better confidence in the energy and financial payback for photovoltaic systems. This increased reliability and confidence will lead to greater penetration of photovoltaics in the energy portfolio and greater employment in photovoltaics and related industries. Present research needs include the fundamental degradation mechanisms of polymers, connectors and other module components, mapping of failure mechanisms observed in the field to those in accelerated lifetime tests, determining the acceleration factors, and improving standards for modules such that tests can appropriately be assigned to evaluate their long term durability. Specific mechanisms discussed are corrosion in module components, metastability in thin-film active layers, delamination and loss of elastic properties in module polymeric materials, and inverter failure. Presently, there is hiring of reliability scientists and engineers at many levels of the value chain for photovoltaics.

ASHRAE Handbook

ASHRAE Handbook
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UVA:X004134845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ASHRAE Handbook Book Review:

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies
Author: Carl S. Ponseca
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2020-01-31
ISBN 10: 1000021769
ISBN 13: 9781000021769
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies Book Review:

The need to address the energy problem and formulate a lasting solution to tame climate change has never been so urgent. The rise of various renewable energy sources, such as solar cell technologies, has given humanity a glimpse of hope that can delay the catastrophic effects of these problems after decades of neglect. This review volume provides in-depth discussion of the fundamental photophysical processes as well as the state-of-the-art device engineering of various emerging photovoltaic technologies, including organic (fullerene, non-fullerene, and ternary), dye-sensitized (ruthenium, iron, and quantum dot), and hybrid metal-halide perovskite solar cells. The book is essential reading for graduate and postgraduate students involved in the photophysics and materials science of solar cell technologies.

Corrosion Abstracts

Corrosion Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1987
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105016788247
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Abstracts Book Review:

New Electric Power Technologies

New Electric Power Technologies
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1985
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCR:31210024830513
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Electric Power Technologies Book Review:

Photovoltaic Solar Energy

Photovoltaic Solar Energy
Author: Ang?le Reinders,Pierre Verlinden,Alexandre Freundlich
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 718
Release: 2017-02-06
ISBN 10: 111892746X
ISBN 13: 9781118927465
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Book Review:

Solar PV is now the third most important renewable energy source, after hydro and wind power, in terms of global installed capacity. Bringing together the expertise of international PV specialists Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of existing PV technologies in conjunction with an assessment of technological developments. Key features: Written by leading specialists active in concurrent developments in material sciences, solar cell research and application-driven R&D. Provides a basic knowledge base in light, photons and solar irradiance and basic functional principles of PV. Covers characterization techniques, economics and applications of PV such as silicon, thin-film and hybrid solar cells. Presents a compendium of PV technologies including: crystalline silicon technologies; chalcogenide thin film solar cells; thin-film silicon based PV technologies; organic PV and III-Vs; PV concentrator technologies; space technologies and economics, life-cycle and user aspects of PV technologies. Each chapter presents basic principles and formulas as well as major technological developments in a contemporary context with a look at future developments in this rapidly changing field of science and engineering. Ideal for industrial engineers and scientists beginning careers in PV as well as graduate students undertaking PV research and high-level undergraduate students.

Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells

Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells
Author: Frederik C. Krebs
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2012-04-02
ISBN 10: 1118312236
ISBN 13: 9781118312230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells Book Review:

Organic photovoltaics (OPV) are a new generation of solar cells with the potential to offer very short energy pay back times, mechanical flexibility and significantly lower production costs compared to traditional crystalline photovoltaic systems. A weakness of OPV is their comparative instability during operation and this is a critical area of research towards the successful development and commercialization of these 3rd generation solar cells. Covering both small molecule and polymer solar cells, Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells summarizes the state of the art understanding of stability and provides a detailed analysis of the mechanisms by which degradation occurs. Following an introductory chapter which compares different photovoltaic technologies, the book focuses on OPV degradation, discussing the origin and characterization of the instability and describing measures for extending the duration of operation. Topics covered include: Chemical and physical probes for studying degradation Imaging techniques Photochemical stability of OPV materials Degradation mechanisms Testing methods Barrier technology and applications Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells is an essential reference source for researchers in academia and industry, engineers and manufacturers working on OPV design, development and implementation.

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications
Author: Michael Köhl,Michaela Georgine Meir,Philippe Papillon,Gernot M. Wallner,Sandrin Saile
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2012-08-14
ISBN 10: 3527659625
ISBN 13: 9783527659623
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications Book Review:

Bridging the gap between basic science and technological applications, this is the first book devoted to polymers for solar thermal applications. Clearly divided into three major parts, the contributions are written by experts on solar thermal applications and polymer scientists alike. The first part explains the fundamentals of solar thermal energy especially for representatives of the plastics industry and researchers. Part two then goes on to provide introductory information on polymeric materials and processing for solar thermal experts. The third part combines both of these fields, discussing the potential of polymeric materials in solar thermal applications, as well as demands on durability, design and building integration. With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.

Materials for Sustainable Energy

Materials for Sustainable Energy
Author: Vincent Dusastre
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9814317640
ISBN 13: 9789814317641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials for Sustainable Energy Book Review:

The search for cleaner, cheaper, smaller and more efficient energy technologies has to a large extent been motivated by the development of new materials. The aim of this collection of articles is therefore to focus on what materials-based solutions can offer and show how the rationale design and improvement of their physical and chemical properties can lead to energy-production alternatives that have the potential to compete with existing technologies. In terms of alternative means to generate electricity that utilize renewable energy sources, the most dramatic breakthroughs for both mobile (i.e., transportation) and stationary applications are taking place in the fields of solar and fuel cells. And from an energy-storage perspective, exciting developments can be seen emerging from the fields of rechargeable batteries and hydrogen storage.

Advanced Micro and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics

Advanced Micro  and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2019-05-25
ISBN 10: 0128145021
ISBN 13: 9780128145029
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Micro and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics Book Review:

Nanomaterials are becoming increasingly important photovoltaic technologies from absorbers to contacts. This book is dedicated to describing the novel materials and technologies for photovoltaics that derive from these new and novel approaches in solar technologies. We have collected a set of renowned experts in their respective fields as authors and their expertise covers a broad set of areas including novel oxides, quantum dots, CZTS and organic solar cells, as well as light management and reliability testing. The organization of the book is divided into three sections; the first part deals with emerging photovoltaic absorbers and absorber approaches, the second part is focused on novel solar cell architectures and device concepts and components; and the last part is focused on their integration into module technologies. The first chapter is an introduction to the basics of solar cells technology facilitating an understanding by the non-expert of the following chapters. The book is intended for academics and professionals, at the research and R&D level in materials and devices, who are looking for opportunities for applications in the solar materials, devices and modules areas. Hopefully it will serve as a reference for students and professionals looking into the potential and development of novel photovoltaic technologies, researchers looking into the development of innovative projects, and teachers in the field of energy and sustainability. Showcases a range of cutting-edge photovoltaic materials and devices, exploring their special properties and how they are best used Assesses the challenges of fabricating solar cell devices using nanotechnology Explores how producing cheaper modules, increasing reliability and increasing efficiency have led to new applications for photovoltaic devices

Alternative Energy Sources VII

Alternative Energy Sources VII
Author: T. Nejat Veziroǧlu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 598
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 9780891166603
ISBN 13: 0891166602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Energy Sources VII Book Review:

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics  Second Edition
Author: Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 994
Release: 2016-02-03
ISBN 10: 1466577231
ISBN 13: 9781466577237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition Book Review:

This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MSU:31293011519117
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Review:

Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering
Author: Antonio Luque,Steven Hegedus
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1162
Release: 2011-03-29
ISBN 10: 0470976128
ISBN 13: 9780470976128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Book Review:

The most comprehensive, authoritative and widely cited reference on photovoltaic solar energy Fully revised and updated, the Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, Second Edition incorporates the substantial technological advances and research developments in photovoltaics since its previous release. All topics relating to the photovoltaic (PV) industry are discussed with contributions by distinguished international experts in the field. Significant new coverage includes: three completely new chapters and six chapters with new authors device structures, processing, and manufacturing options for the three major thin film PV technologies high performance approaches for multijunction, concentrator, and space applications new types of organic polymer and dye-sensitized solar cells economic analysis of various policy options to stimulate PV growth including effect of public and private investment Detailed treatment covers: scientific basis of the photovoltaic effect and solar cell operation the production of solar silicon and of silicon-based solar cells and modules how choice of semiconductor materials and their production influence costs and performance making measurements on solar cells and modules and how to relate results under standardised test conditions to real outdoor performance photovoltaic system installation and operation of components such as inverters and batteries. architectural applications of building-integrated PV Each chapter is structured to be partially accessible to beginners while providing detailed information of the physics and technology for experts. Encompassing a review of past work and the fundamentals in solar electric science, this is a leading reference and invaluable resource for all practitioners, consultants, researchers and students in the PV industry.

Construction Manual for Polymers Membranes

Construction Manual for Polymers   Membranes
Author: Jan Knippers,Jan Cremers,Markus Gabler,Julian Lienhard
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2012-12-17
ISBN 10: 3034614705
ISBN 13: 9783034614702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Construction Manual for Polymers Membranes Book Review:

Whether it be as translucent sheets, broadly stretched membranes, and inflated foil cushions or in graceful, organic curves, architecture today is utilizing plastics in the most disparate forms and for a wide variety of purposes. Innovative technical developments are constantly improving its material properties; at the same time, there is a growing new awareness of its potential as a construction material. While plastics used to be employed primarily as an inexpensive variant on traditional building materials, they are increasingly regarded in the construction world today as a serious and viable alternative, be it as supporting structures, roofs, facades, or elements of interior design and decoration. Thanks in large part to this inherent self-sufficiency, plastics are currently enjoying an unprecedented surge in popularity, even among the international architectural avant-garde – as multiwall sheets or corrugated, fiber-reinforced panels, or as filling between glass panes. And the new generation of ecological bioplastics also pays tribute to the debate on sustainability, ridding plastics of their lingering reputation as environmental offenders. From the history of plastics and membranes in architecture to their material properties and requirements in construction and design, the Plastics and Membranes Construction Manual cuts to the chase, providing the kind of solid and comprehensive overview of the subject that readers have come to expect from the Im DETAIL series. Selected project examples round off the reference work and make it indispensable for the day-to-day life of the professional planner and for every architecture library.