Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting
Author: Chris Funk,Shraddhanand Shukla
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2020-07-03
ISBN 10: 0128140119
ISBN 13: 9780128140116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Book Review:

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive overview of drought-related scientific research, describes the available tools and techniques, and informs readers on how to use these tools and techniques to effectively identify, predict and communicate potential drought-related disasters. Throughout the book, the authors incorporate 'climate change' as a pragmatic component of effective drought early warning, dealing explicitly with climate non-stationarity, increased climate variability, and the impacts of air temperature extremes. This comprehensive resource simultaneously addresses the physical, social and information management aspects of drought early warning. Assesses past and future drought impacts, drought monitoring, prediction and early warning systems, vulnerability and mitigation Presents a comprehensive and integrated treatment of observations, models and vulnerability assessments, allowing readers to learn about the primary climatic dynamics that lead to drought Examines long-term changes in drought and identifies the latest tools and approaches being used to monitor and forecast drought to mitigate socioeconomic losses

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting
Author: Chris Funk,Shraddhanand Shukla
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2020-06-03
ISBN 10: 0128140127
ISBN 13: 9780128140123
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Book Review:

Drought risk management involves three pillars: drought early warning, drought vulnerability and risk assessment, and drought preparedness, mitigation, and response. This book collects in one place a description of all the key components of the first pillar, and describes strategies for fitting these pieces together. The best modern drought early warning systems incorporate and integrate a broad array of environmental information sources: weather station observations, satellite imagery, land surface and crop model simulations, and weather and climate model forecasts, and analyze this information in context-relevant ways that take into account exposure and vulnerability. Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice assembles a comprehensive overview of these components, providing examples drawn from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the United States Drought Monitor. This book simultaneously addresses the physical, social, and information management aspects of drought early warning, and informs readers about the tools, techniques, and conceptual models required to effectively identify, predict, and communicate potential drought-related disasters. This book is a key text for postgraduate scientists and graduate and advanced undergraduate students in hydrology, geography, earth sciences, meteorology, climatology, and environmental sciences programs. Professionals dealing with disaster management and drought forecasting will also find this book beneficial to their work. Describes and discusses the strategies and components used in effective and integrated 21st century drought early warning systems Provides a one-stop-shop that describes in one book the observations, models, forecasts, indices, social context, and theory used in drought early warning Identifies the latest tools and approaches used to monitor and forecast drought, sources of predictive skill, and discusses the technical and theoretical details required to use these tools and approaches in a real-world setting

Flood and Drought Forecasting and Early Warning

Flood and Drought Forecasting and Early Warning
Author: Joel Kibiiy,James Kivuva,Paul Karogo,Johnson Maina Muturi,Simeon Otieno Dulo,Mohamed Roushdy,Tumaini A. Kimaro,James B. Magezi-Akiiki
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 52
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:861216161
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Flood and Drought Forecasting and Early Warning Book Review:

Moving from Drought Hazard to Impact Forecasts

Moving from Drought Hazard to Impact Forecasts
Author: Samuel J. Sutanto,Melati van der Weert,Niko Wanders,Veit Blauhut,Henny A. J. van Lanen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1256564096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moving from Drought Hazard to Impact Forecasts Book Review:

Abstract: Present-day drought early warning systems provide the end-users information on the ongoing and forecasted drought hazard (e.g. river flow deficit). However, information on the forecasted drought impacts, which is a prerequisite for drought management, is still missing. Here we present the first study assessing the feasibility of forecasting drought impacts, using machine-learning to relate forecasted hydro-meteorological drought indices to reported drought impacts. Results show that models, which were built with more than 50 months of reported drought impacts, are able to forecast drought impacts a few months ahead. This study highlights the importance of drought impact databases for developing drought impact functions. Our findings recommend that institutions that provide operational drought early warnings should not only forecast drought hazard, but also impacts after developing an impact database

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction
Author: Jochen Zschau,Andreas N. Küppers
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 834
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 3642559034
ISBN 13: 9783642559037
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction Book Review:

Written for a broad audience this book offers a comprehensive account of early warning systems for hydro meteorological disasters such as floods and storms, and for geological disasters such as earthquakes. One major theme is the increasingly important role in early warning systems played by the rapidly evolving fields of space and information technology. The authors, all experts in their respective fields, offer a comprehensive and in-depth insight into the current and future perspectives for early warning systems. The text is aimed at decision-makers in the political arena, scientists, engineers and those responsible for public communication and dissemination of warnings.

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe
Author: Jayne Stack
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 83
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105029145724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe Book Review:

Creating a Drought Early Warning System for the 21st Century

Creating a Drought Early Warning System for the 21st Century
Author: Bill Richardson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 16
Release: 2007-12-01
ISBN 10: 9781422312827
ISBN 13: 1422312828
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Creating a Drought Early Warning System for the 21st Century Book Review:

In 1996, the Western Governors set an aggressive goal to change the way our nat. prepares for & responds to droughts. Subsequent efforts led to the creation of the Nat. Drought Policy Comm. (NDPC), which issued its recommendations in May 2000 to establish such a nat. policy. Improved monitoring & forecasting is fundamental to a proactive nat. drought policy. Better science will lead to better & more timely decisions, thus reducing or mitigating a drought¿s impacts. In Feb. 2003, discussions were initiated to form a partnership between Governors & the NOAA to develop a vision & recommendations for establishing an improved drought monitoring & forecasting system. This report is the first product of that partnership. Illustrations.

Reducing Disaster Early Warning Systems For Climate Change

Reducing Disaster  Early Warning Systems For Climate Change
Author: Ashbindu Singh,Zinta Zommers
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2014-05-12
ISBN 10: 9401785988
ISBN 13: 9789401785983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reducing Disaster Early Warning Systems For Climate Change Book Review:

Around the world, extreme weather events are becoming increasingly "the new normal" and are expected to increase in the 21st century as a result of climate change. Extreme weather events have devastating impacts on human lives and national economies. This book examines ways to protect people from hazards using early warning systems, and includes contributions from experts from four different continents representing 14 different universities, 8 government agencies and two UN agencies. Chapters detail critical components of early warning systems, ways to identify vulnerable communities, predict hazards and deliver information. Unique satellite images illustrate the transnational impact of disasters, while case studies provide detailed examples of warning systems. With contributors from the fields of economics, ethics, meteorology, geography and biology, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in disaster risk reduction or climate change.

Hydrological Drought Forecasting in Africa at Different Spatial and Temporal Scales

Hydrological Drought Forecasting in Africa at Different Spatial and Temporal Scales
Author: Patricia M. Trambauer Arechavaleta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2015-08-07
ISBN 10: 9781138028654
ISBN 13: 1138028657
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrological Drought Forecasting in Africa at Different Spatial and Temporal Scales Book Review:

Africa has been severely affected by droughts in the past, contributing to food insecure conditions in several African countries. In view of the (even more) severe drought conditions and water shortage that may be expected in sub-Saharan Africa in the coming years, efforts should focus on improving drought management by ameliorating resilience and preparedness to drought. This study contributes to the development of a modelling framework for hydrological drought forecasting in sub-Saharan Africa as a step towards an effective early warning system. The proposed hydrological drought forecasting system makes use of a hydrological model that was found to be suitable for drought forecasting in Africa and could represent the most severe past droughts in the Limpopo Basin. The modelling results showed that there is an added value in computing indicators based on the hydrological model for the identification of droughts and their severity. The proposed seasonal forecasting system for the Limpopo Basin was found to be skilful in predicting hydrological droughts during the summer rainy season. The findings showed that the persistence of the initial hydrological conditions contribute to the predictability up to 2 to 4 months, while for longer lead times the predictability of the system is dominated by the meteorological forcing. An effective drought forecasting and warning system will hopefully contribute to important aspects in the region such as water security, food security, hazard management, and risk reduction.

Early Warning of Drought in Europe

Early Warning of Drought in Europe
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 32
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 9789279455971
ISBN 13: 9279455974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Early Warning of Drought in Europe Book Review:

The performances of the first month of the ECMWF probabilistic extended forecast and the seasonal forecast to predict droughts over Europe are compared. The Standardized Precipitation Index is used to quantify droughts. It can be shown that on average the extended forecast has higher skill than the seasonal forecast whilst both outperform climatology. No significant spatial or temporal patterns can be observed but the scores are improved when we focus on large scale droughts. This report further analyses several different methods to convert the probabilistic forecasts of SPI into a Boolean drought warning. It can be demonstrated that methodologies which convert low percentiles of the forecasted cumulative distribution function of SPI into warnings are superior in comparison to alternatives such as the mean or the median of the ensemble. This work demonstrates that around 40% of droughts in Europe are correctly forecasted one month in advance. Nevertheless, due to the lack of the significant difference between the distributions of the ensemble members for false alarms or misses on one hand side and correct forecasts on the other hand side, it is not yet possible to quantify the uncertainty of the drought forecasts.

Hydrometeorology

Hydrometeorology
Author: Kevin Sene
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 427
Release: 2015-12-09
ISBN 10: 331923546X
ISBN 13: 9783319235462
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrometeorology Book Review:

This second edition explores some of the latest techniques used to provide forecasts for a wide range of water-related applications in areas such as floods, droughts, water resources and environmental impacts. The practical uses can range from decisions on whether to issue a flood warning through to providing longer-term advice such as on when to plant and harvest crops or how to operate reservoirs for water supply and hydropower schemes. It provides an introduction to the topic for practitioners and researchers and useful background for courses in areas such as civil engineering, water resources, meteorology and hydrology. As in the first edition, the first section considers topics such as monitoring and forecasting techniques, demand forecasting and how forecasts are interpreted when issuing warnings or advice. Separate chapters are now included for meteorological and catchment monitoring techniques allowing a more in-depth discussion of topics such as weather radar and water quality observations. The chapters on meteorological and hydrological forecasting now include a greater emphasis on rainfall forecasting and ensemble and probabilistic techniques. Regarding the interpretation of forecasts, an updated chapter discusses topics such as approaches to issuing warnings and the use of decision support systems and risk-based techniques. Given the rapid pace of development in flash flood fore casting techniques, flash floods and slower responding riverine floods are now considered in separate chapters. This includes more detail on forecasting floods in large river basins and on methods for providing early warnings of debris flows, surface water flooding and ice jam and dam break floods. Later chapters now include more information on developing areas such as environmental modelling and seasonal flow forecasting. As before examples of operational systems are provided throughout and the extensive sets of references which were a feature of the first edition have been revised and updated. Key themes • floods • droughts • meteorological observations • catchment monitoring • meteorological forecasts • hydrological forecasts • demand forecasts • reservoirs • water resources • water quality • decision support • data assimilation • probabilistic forecasts Kevin Sene is a civil engineer and researcher with wide experience in flood risk management, water resources and hydrometeorology. He has previously published books on flood warning, forecasting and emergency response and flash floods (Springer 2008, 2013).

Drought Flood Fire

Drought  Flood  Fire
Author: Chris C. Funk
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2021-05-27
ISBN 10: 1108839878
ISBN 13: 9781108839877
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought Flood Fire Book Review:

The latest science and compelling stories describing the impacts of droughts, floods, and fires in the context of climate change.

Applied Drought Modeling Prediction and Mitigation

Applied Drought Modeling  Prediction  and Mitigation
Author: Zekâi Şen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2015-08-03
ISBN 10: 0128024224
ISBN 13: 9780128024225
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Drought Modeling Prediction and Mitigation Book Review:

Applied Drought Modelling, Prediction, and Mitigation provides a practical guide to new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions. The modeling procedures covered by the book include recent advancements in regional drought extent, coverage, intensity, and water deficit predictions, which are increasingly significant given current climate change impacts on water resources. Each modeling procedure is explained theoretically prior to the mathematical derivation, and includes book examples, exercises, and case studies that supplement the applied and practical material, thus making the approaches accessible and applicable to the reader. Presents new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions Includes online modeling tools to help readers quickly solve drought related problems Presents methodologies, including drought features (duration, intensity, and magnitude) at any desired risk level Include case studies from arid and semi-arid regions

Drought Prediction

Drought Prediction
Author: Taye Tolu Mekonnen,Kumudha Raimond
Publsiher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2014-04
ISBN 10: 9783659276095
ISBN 13: 365927609X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought Prediction Book Review:

Early days of technology employed traditional methods like rainfall distribution, duration of sunshine, and the related meteorological data to forecast a forthcoming event regarding drought. Recently, satellite remote sensing has been considered as an appropriate tool for deriving information in spatial and temporal domains by providing multi-spectral reflectance data at regular intervals. In this book, analysis of series of deviation of NDVI images, extraction of virtual drought objects from the series, and investigation for drought patterns from historical image for growing season was made. Subsequent to this, appropriate prediction model of these patterns was developed for early measures while within the same season. The virtual drought objects extracted from images over the growing season were found to exhibit a pattern for the historical drought years. It is understood that this work will give new views for ways in drought prediction for early warning and crop condition monitoring at near real-time for agricultural sectors.

Hydrological Drought

Hydrological Drought
Author: Lena M. Tallaksen,Henny A. J. van Lanen
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780444516886
ISBN 13: 0444516883
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrological Drought Book Review:

The majority of the examples are taken from regions where the rivers run most of the year.

Drought and Water Crises

Drought and Water Crises
Author: Donald Wilhite,Roger S. Pulwarty
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-25
ISBN 10: 1351967525
ISBN 13: 9781351967525
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought and Water Crises Book Review:

Over the past decade there have been extraordinary advances towards drought risk reduction with the development of new water-conserving technologies, and new tools for planning, vulnerability and impact assessment, mitigation, and policy. Drought and Water Crises: Integrating Science, Management, and Policy, Second Edition comprehensively captures this evolving progress as it discusses drought management in the light of present risks, global climate change and public policy actions. This new edition emphasizes the paradigm shift from managing disasters to managing risk, reflecting the global emphasis that has evolved in recent years, a new focus that shines light on preparedness strategies and the tools and methods that are essential in drought risk reduction. The book provides additional relevant case studies that integrate this new approach and discusses examples applied in both developed and developing countries.

Improving Drought Monitoring and Forecasting

Improving Drought Monitoring and Forecasting
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Environment, Technology, and Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 79
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105050441281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improving Drought Monitoring and Forecasting Book Review:

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity
Author: Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 689
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 1351851160
ISBN 13: 9781351851169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Book Review:

This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.

Drought Early Warning System

Drought Early Warning System
Author: Muni Rathnam Pantula
Publsiher: Notion Press
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2016-06-20
ISBN 10: 1945497432
ISBN 13: 9781945497438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drought Early Warning System Book Review:

This book encompasses the characterisation of meteorological drought by the newly invented index called “SPI – Standardised Precipitation index” approved by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in June 2011. It is a simple index with precipitation as the only parameter and can be computed for different scales (1-3-6-12-24 months) and compared across regions with different climatic zones. The author has depicted graphs with regard to trends, onset, end, magnitude with dates of occurrence of droughts over a period of 102 years with regard to rainfall and temperature with the aid of SPI and SPEI, for Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. To characterise the agricultural drought, climatological water balance was carried for a period of 30 years for the data. In this book a composite index called “Indian drought monitor” with ten indicators and indices has been developed for releasing drought information weekly considering and incorporating review from a group of climatologists, extension agents and others across the nation. This will lead the country economically forward.

Climate Extremes

Climate Extremes
Author: S.-Y. Simon Wang,Jin-Ho Yoon,Christopher C. Funk,Robert R. Gillies
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2017-07-24
ISBN 10: 1119067847
ISBN 13: 9781119067849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Extremes Book Review:

Although we are seeing more weather and climate extremes, individual extreme events are very diverse and generalization of trends is difficult. For example, mid-latitude and subtropical climate extremes such as heat waves, hurricanes and droughts have increased, and could have been caused by processes including arctic amplification, jet stream meandering, and tropical expansion. This volume documents various climate extreme events and associated changes that have been analyzed through diagnostics, modeling, and statistical approaches. The identification of patterns and mechanisms can aid the prediction of future extreme events. Volume highlights include: Compilation of processes and mechanisms unique to individual weather and climate extreme events Discussion of climate model performance in terms of simulating high-impact weather and climate extremes Summary of various existing theories, including controversial ones, on how climate extremes will continue to become stronger and more frequent Climate Extremes: Patterns and Mechanisms is a valuable resource for scientists and graduate students in the fields of geophysics, climate physics, natural hazards, and environmental science. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/how-does-changing-climate-bring-more-extreme-events