Direct Methane to Methanol

Direct Methane to Methanol
Author: Vladimir Arutyunov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2014-01-30
ISBN 10: 0444632514
ISBN 13: 9780444632517
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Direct Methane to Methanol Book Review:

Direct Methane to Methanol: Foundations and Prospects of the Process offers a state-of-the-art account of one of the most interesting and potentially commercial technologies for direct conversion of natural gas into valuable chemicals. The book thoroughly explains the complex and unusual chemistry of the process, as well as possible applications for direct methane to methanol (DMTM). It covers topics involving thermokinetics, pressure, direct oxidation of heavier alkanes, and more, and provides detailed appendices with experimental data and product yields. This book provides all those who work in the field of gas processing and gas chemistry with the theory and experimental data to develop and apply new processes based on direct oxidation of natural gas. All those who deal with oil and natural gas production and processing will learn about this promising technology for the conversion of gas into more valuable chemicals. Reviews more than 350 publications on high-pressure, low-temperature oxidation of methane and other gas phase hydrocarbons Contains rare material available for the first time in English Explains the reasons of previous failure and outlines the way forward for commercial development of the conversion technology Presents a deep theoretical knowledge of this complex conversion process

Direct Methane to Methanol

Direct Methane to Methanol
Author: Vladimir Arutyunov
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2014-02-24
ISBN 10: 9780444632531
ISBN 13: 0444632530
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Direct Methane to Methanol Book Review:

Direct Methane to Methanol: Foundations and Prospects of the Process offers a state-of-the-art account of one of the most interesting and potentially commercial technologies for direct conversion of natural gas into valuable chemicals. The book thoroughly explains the complex and unusual chemistry of the process, as well as possible applications for direct methane to methanol (DMTM). It covers topics involving thermokinetics, pressure, direct oxidation of heavier alkanes, and more, and provides detailed appendices with experimental data and product yields. This book provides all those who work in the field of gas processing and gas chemistry with the theory and experimental data to develop and apply new processes based on direct oxidation of natural gas. All those who deal with oil and natural gas production and processing will learn about this promising technology for the conversion of gas into more valuable chemicals. Reviews more than 350 publications on high-pressure, low-temperature oxidation of methane and other gas phase hydrocarbons Contains rare material available for the first time in English Explains the reasons of previous failure and outlines the way forward for commercial development of the conversion technology Presents a deep theoretical knowledge of this complex conversion process

Methane Conversion by Oxidative Processes

Methane Conversion by Oxidative Processes
Author: Wolf
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 9401574499
ISBN 13: 9789401574495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methane Conversion by Oxidative Processes Book Review:

A reasonable case could be made that the scientific interest in catalytic oxidation was the basis for the recognition of the phenomenon of catalysis. Davy, in his attempt in 1817 to understand the science associated with the safety lamp he had invented a few years earlier, undertook a series of studies that led him to make the observation that a jet of gas, primarily methane, would cause a platinum wire to continue to glow even though the flame was extinguished and there was no visible flame. Dobereiner reported in 1823 the results of a similar investigation and observed that spongy platina would cause the ignition of a stream of hydrogen in air. Based on this observation Dobereiner invented the first lighter. His lighter employed hydrogen (generated from zinc and sulfuric acid) which passed over finely divided platinum and which ignited the gas. Thousands of these lighters were used over a number of years. Dobereiner refused to file a patent for his lighter, commenting that "I love science more than money." Davy thought the action of platinum was the result of heat while Dobereiner believed the ~ffect ~as a manifestation of electricity. Faraday became interested in the subject and published a paper on it in 1834; he concluded that the cause for this reaction was similar to other reactions.

Methane Conversion

Methane Conversion
Author: D.M. Bibby,C.D. Chang,S. Yurchak,R.F. Howe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 737
Release: 1988-03-01
ISBN 10: 9780080960708
ISBN 13: 0080960707
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methane Conversion Book Review:

This proceedings volume comprises the invited plenary lectures, contributed and poster papers presented at a symposium organised to mark the successful inauguration of the world's first commercial plant for production of gasoline from natural gas, based on the Mobil methanol-to-gasoline process. The objectives of the Symposium were to present both fundamental research and engineering aspects of the development and commercialization of gas-to-gasoline processes. These include steam reforming, methanol synthesis and methanol-to-gasoline. Possible alternative processes e.g. MOGD, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons, and the direct conversion of methane to higher hydrocarbons were also considered. The papers in this volume provide a valuable and extremely wide-ranging overview of current research into the various options for natural gas conversion, giving a detailed description of the gas-to-gasoline process and plant. Together, they represent a unique combination of fundamental surface chemistry catalyst characterization, reaction chemistry and engineering scale-up and commercialization.

Catalysis and the Mechanism of Methane Conversion to Chemicals

Catalysis and the Mechanism of Methane Conversion to Chemicals
Author: Toshihide Baba,Akimitsu Miyaji
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2020-04-18
ISBN 10: 9811541329
ISBN 13: 9789811541322
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catalysis and the Mechanism of Methane Conversion to Chemicals Book Review:

This book introduces various types of reactions to produce chemicals by the direct conversion of methane from the point of view of mechanistic and functional aspects. The chemicals produced from methane are aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons such as propylene and benzene, and methanol. These chemicals are created by using homogeneous catalysts, heterogeneous catalysts such as zeolites, and biocatalysts such as enzymes. Various examples of methane conversion reactions that are discussed have been chosen to illustrate how heterogeneous and homogenous catalysts and biocatalysts and/or their reaction environments control the formation of highly energetic species from methane contributing to C-C and C-O bond formation.

Beyond Oil and Gas

Beyond Oil and Gas
Author: George A. Olah,Alain Goeppert,G. K. Surya Prakash
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2011-08-24
ISBN 10: 3527644636
ISBN 13: 9783527644636
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beyond Oil and Gas Book Review:

The world is currently consuming about 85 million barrels of oil a day, and about two-thirds as much natural gas equivalent, both derived from non-renewable natural sources. In the foreseeable future, our energy needs will come from any available alternate source. Methanol is one such viable alternative, and also offers a convenient solution for efficient energy storage on a large scale. In this updated and enlarged edition, renowned chemists discuss in a clear and readily accessible manner the pros and cons of humankind's current main energy sources, while providing new ways to overcome obstacles. Following an introduction, the authors look at the interrelationship of fuels and energy, and at the extent of our non-renewable fossil fuels. They also discuss the hydrogen economy and its significant shortcomings. The main focus is on the conversion of CO2 from industrial as well as natural sources into liquid methanol and related DME, a diesel fuel substitute that can replace LNG and LPG. The book is rounded off with an optimistic look at future possibilities. A forward-looking and inspiring work that vividly illustrates potential solutions to our energy and environmental problems.

Zeolite Chemistry and Applications

Zeolite Chemistry and Applications
Author: Benoit Louis,Marcelo Maciel Pereira,Qiang Wang
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-04-20
ISBN 10: 2889636569
ISBN 13: 9782889636563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Zeolite Chemistry and Applications Book Review:

Methanol

Methanol
Author: Angelo Basile,Francesco Dalena
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 706
Release: 2017-10-31
ISBN 10: 044464010X
ISBN 13: 9780444640109
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methanol Book Review:

Methanol: Science and Engineering provides a comprehensive review of the chemistry, properties, and current and potential uses and applications of methanol. Divided into four parts, the book begins with a detailed account of current production methods and their economics. The second part deals with the applications of methanol, providing useful insights into future applications. Modeling of the various reactor systems is covered in the next section, with final discussions in the book focusing on the economic and environmental impact of this chemical. Users will find this to be a must-have resource for all researchers and engineers studying alternative energy sources. Provides the latest developments on methanol research Reviews methanol production methods and their economics Outlines the use of methanol as an alternative green transportation fuel Includes new technologies and many new applications of methanol

The Changing Landscape of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks for Chemical Production

The Changing Landscape of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks for Chemical Production
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2016-12-10
ISBN 10: 0309444799
ISBN 13: 9780309444798
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Changing Landscape of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks for Chemical Production Book Review:

A decade ago, the U.S. chemical industry was in decline. Of the more than 40 chemical manufacturing plants being built worldwide in the mid-2000s with more than $1 billion in capitalization, none were under construction in the United States. Today, as a result of abundant domestic supplies of affordable natural gas and natural gas liquids resulting from the dramatic rise in shale gas production, the U.S. chemical industry has gone from the world's highest-cost producer in 2005 to among the lowest-cost producers today. The low cost and increased supply of natural gas and natural gas liquids provides an opportunity to discover and develop new catalysts and processes to enable the direct conversion of natural gas and natural gas liquids into value-added chemicals with a lower carbon footprint. The economic implications of developing advanced technologies to utilize and process natural gas and natural gas liquids for chemical production could be significant, as commodity, intermediate, and fine chemicals represent a higher-economic-value use of shale gas compared with its use as a fuel. To better understand the opportunities for catalysis research in an era of shifting feedstocks for chemical production and to identify the gaps in the current research portfolio, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conducted an interactive, multidisciplinary workshop in March 2016. The goal of this workshop was to identify advances in catalysis that can enable the United States to fully realize the potential of the shale gas revolution for the U.S. chemical industry and, as a result, to help target the efforts of U.S. researchers and funding agencies on those areas of science and technology development that are most critical to achieving these advances. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry Capture and Oil Recovery

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry  Capture and Oil Recovery
Author: Iyad Karamé,Janah Shaya,Hassan Srour
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2018-08-16
ISBN 10: 178923574X
ISBN 13: 9781789235746
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry Capture and Oil Recovery Book Review:

Fossil fuels still need to meet the growing demand of global economic development, yet they are often considered as one of the main sources of the CO2 release in the atmosphere. CO2, which is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG), is periodically exchanged among the land surface, ocean, and atmosphere where various creatures absorb and produce it daily. However, the balanced processes of producing and consuming the CO2 by nature are unfortunately faced by the anthropogenic release of CO2. Decreasing the emissions of these greenhouse gases is becoming more urgent. Therefore, carbon sequestration and storage (CSS) of CO2, its utilization in oil recovery, as well as its conversion into fuels and chemicals emerge as active options and potential strategies to mitigate CO2 emissions and climate change, energy crises, and challenges in the storage of energy.

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-02-22
ISBN 10: 0309483360
ISBN 13: 9780309483360
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization Book Review:

In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Methane and Alkane Conversion Chemistry

Methane and Alkane Conversion Chemistry
Author: M.M. Bhasin,D.W. Slocum
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461518075
ISBN 13: 9781461518075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methane and Alkane Conversion Chemistry Book Review:

Natural gas, an abundant natural energy and chemical resource, is underutilized. Its inherent high energy content is compromised by its volatility. Storage and transportation problems abound for liquified natural gas. Several of the drawbacks of the utilization of natural gas, particularly its high volatility, could be offset by development of an economical and efficient process for coupling and/or further homologation of its principal component, methane. Alternatively, other conversion strategies such as partial oxidation to methanol and syngas, to oxygenates or conversion to such products via the intermediacy of chlorides should also be considered. Given the energy-intensive regimes necessary for the likely activation of methane, it was inevitable that researchers would tum to the use of heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysis is now a relatively mature discipline with numerous and diverse reactions being explored alongside informative studies on surface characterization, mechanism, and theory. Relationships to important related areas such as homogeneous catalysis, organometallic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry have become firmly established within this discipline. The field of methane and alkane activation is now over ten years old. The first decade of investigation produced results plagued by low yields and low-moderate conversions with well-articulated mechanistic limitations. As we begin the second decade of inquiry, novel strategies have brought increasing yields and conversions to such products as ethane, ethylene, methanol, and formaldehyde. These new approaches utilize separation of products via membranes or adsorbents. Moreover, additional mechanistic insight has been forthcoming from theoretical and computational examination as well as experimental investigation.

Chemicals from Synthesis Gas

Chemicals from Synthesis Gas
Author: R.A. Sheldon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 216
Release: 1983-05-31
ISBN 10: 9789027714893
ISBN 13: 9027714894
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemicals from Synthesis Gas Book Review:

The origins of the petrochemical industry can be traced back to the 1920s when simple organic chemicals such as ethanol and isopropanol were first prepared on an industrial scale from by-products (ethylene and propylene) of oil refining. This oil-based petrochemical industry, with lower olefms and aromatics as the key building blocks, rapidly developed into the enormous industry it is today. A multitude of products that are indispensible to modern day society, from plastics to pharmaceuticals, are derived from oil and natural gas-based hydro carbons. The industry had its heyday in the '50s and '60s when predictions of future growth rates tended to be exponential curves. However, two developments that took place in the early '70s disturbed this simplistic and optimistic view of the future. Firstly, the publication of the report for the Cub of Rome on the 'Limits to Growth' emphasized the finite nature of non-renewable fossil fuel resources. Secondly, the Oil Crisis of 1973 emphasized the vulnerability of an energy and chemicals industry that is based largely on a single raw material.

Modern Heterogeneous Oxidation Catalysis

Modern Heterogeneous Oxidation Catalysis
Author: Noritaka Mizuno
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2009-11-18
ISBN 10: 3527627553
ISBN 13: 9783527627554
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Heterogeneous Oxidation Catalysis Book Review:

Filling a gap in the current literature, this comprehensive reference presents all important catalyst classes, including metal oxides, polyoxometalates, and zeolites. Readers will find here everything they need to know -- from structure design to characterization, and from immobilization to industrial processes. A true must-have for anyone working in this key technology.

New Advances in Hydrogenation Processes

New Advances in Hydrogenation Processes
Author: Maryam Takht Ravanchi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2017-01-25
ISBN 10: 9535128698
ISBN 13: 9789535128694
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Advances in Hydrogenation Processes Book Review:

Hydrogen is one of the abundant elements on earth majorly in the form of water (H2O) and mainly as hydrogen gas (H2). Catalytic hydrogenation is a key reaction that has versatile applications in different industries. The main objective of this book is to bring together various applications of hydrogenation through the perspective of leading researchers in the field. This book is intended to be used as a graduate-level text book or as a practical guide for industrial engineers.

Frontiers of Green Catalytic Selective Oxidations

Frontiers of Green Catalytic Selective Oxidations
Author: Konstantin P. Bryliakov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2019-10-02
ISBN 10: 9813297514
ISBN 13: 9789813297517
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers of Green Catalytic Selective Oxidations Book Review:

The demand for novel efficient and environmentally sustainable chemo, regio- and stereoselective catalyst systems for the oxidation of organic substrates is continuously growing in line with toughening economic and environmental constraints. This book addresses these issues; it consists of eleven chapters written by world-recognized experts in green and sustainable oxidation catalysis. The most urgent and challenging topics, in the judgment of the editor, such as green asymmetric epoxidations, sulfoxidatiuons, C–H oxidations; oxidation catalysis by polyoxometalates and oxidations in non-conventional solvents, etc. have been critically reviewed in this book. Both fundamental aspects, such as catalysts design, catalytic properties, nature of catalytically active sites and reaction mechanisms, and practical outlook of the oxidations have been addressed by the authors. The book appeals to a broad readership, particularly graduate students, employees of universities and research organizations, and industrial researchers, particularly those working in the areas of homogeneous oxidation catalysis, asymmetric synthesis, organocatalysis, sustainable catalytic processes and green chemistry, mechanisms of catalytic reactions, synthesis of bioactive compounds, biomimetic chemistry, etc. Konstantin Bryliakov is Leading Researcher at the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis. In 2016, he was elected Honorary Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Plasma Catalysis

Plasma Catalysis
Author: Annemie Bogaerts
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2019-04-02
ISBN 10: 3038977500
ISBN 13: 9783038977506
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plasma Catalysis Book Review:

Plasma catalysis is gaining increasing interest for various gas conversion applications, such as CO2 conversion into value-added chemicals and fuels, N2 fixation for the synthesis of NH3 or NOx, methane conversion into higher hydrocarbons or oxygenates. It is also widely used for air pollution control (e.g., VOC remediation). Plasma catalysis allows thermodynamically difficult reactions to proceed at ambient pressure and temperature, due to activation of the gas molecules by energetic electrons created in the plasma. However, plasma is very reactive but not selective, and thus a catalyst is needed to improve the selectivity. In spite of the growing interest in plasma catalysis, the underlying mechanisms of the (possible) synergy between plasma and catalyst are not yet fully understood. Indeed, plasma catalysis is quite complicated, as the plasma will affect the catalyst and vice versa. Moreover, due to the reactive plasma environment, the most suitable catalysts will probably be different from thermal catalysts. More research is needed to better understand the plasma–catalyst interactions, in order to further improve the applications.

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: Krzysztof Biernat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN 10: 1789233461
ISBN 13: 9781789233469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Review:

This book offers the current state of knowledge in the field of biofuels, presented by selected research centers from around the world. Biogas from waste production process and areas of application of biomethane were characterized. Also, possibilities of applications of wastes from fruit bunch of oil palm tree and high biomass/bagasse from sorghum and Bermuda grass for second-generation bioethanol were presented. Processes and mechanisms of biodiesel production, including the review of catalytic transesterification process, and careful analysis of kinetics, including bioreactor system for algae breeding, were widely analyzed. Problem of emissivity of NOx from engines fueled by B20 fuel was characterized. The closing chapters deal with the assessment of the potential of biofuels in Turkey, the components of refinery systems for production of biodegradable plastics from biomass. Also, a chapter concerning the environmental conditions of synthesis gas production as a universal raw material for the production of alternative fuels was also added.

The Direct Oxidation of Methane to Methanol by Nitrous Oxide Over Fe ZSM 5

The Direct Oxidation of Methane to Methanol by Nitrous Oxide Over Fe ZSM 5
Author: Benjamin Rue Wood
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2003
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:C3487790
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Direct Oxidation of Methane to Methanol by Nitrous Oxide Over Fe ZSM 5 Book Review:

Methane Biocatalysis Paving the Way to Sustainability

Methane Biocatalysis  Paving the Way to Sustainability
Author: Marina G. Kalyuzhnaya,Xin-Hui Xing
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2018-06-20
ISBN 10: 3319748661
ISBN 13: 9783319748665
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methane Biocatalysis Paving the Way to Sustainability Book Review:

This book provides in-depth insights into the most recent developments in different areas of microbial methane and methanol utilization, including novel fundamental discoveries in genomics and physiology, innovative strategies for metabolic engineering and new synthetic approaches for generation of feedstocks, chemicals and fuels from methane, and finally economics and the implementation of industrial biocatalysis using methane consuming bacteria. Methane, as natural gas or biogas, penetrates every area of human activity, from households to large industries and is often promoted as the cleanest fuel. However, one should not forget that this bundle of energy, carbon, and hydrogen comes with an exceptionally large environmental footprint. To meet goals of long-term sustainability and human well-being, all areas of energy, chemicals, agriculture, waste-management industries must go beyond short-term economic considerations and target both large and small methane emissions. The search for new environment-friendly approaches for methane capture and valorization is an ongoing journey. While it is not yet apparent which innovation might represent the best solution, it is evident that methane biocatalysis is one of the most promising paths. Microbes are gatekeepers of fugitive methane in Nature. Methane-consuming microbes are typically small in number but exceptionally big in their impact on the natural carbon cycle. They control and often completely eliminate methane emission from a variety of biological and geothermal sources. The tremendous potential of these microbial systems, is only now being implemented in human-made systems. The book addresses professors, researchers and graduate students from both academia and industry working in microbial biotechnology, molecular biology and chemical engineering.