Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology
Author: Igor Florinsky
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2016-07-11
ISBN 10: 0128046333
ISBN 13: 9780128046333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology Book Review:

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, Second Edition, synthesizes the knowledge on methods and applications of digital terrain analysis and geomorphometry in the context of multi-scale problems in soil science and geology. Divided into three parts, the book first examines main concepts, principles, and methods of digital terrain modeling. It then looks at methods for analysis, modeling, and mapping of spatial distribution of soil properties using digital terrain analysis, before finally considering techniques for recognition, analysis, and interpretation of topographically manifested geological features. Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, Second Edition, is an updated and revised edition, providing both a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding and applying geographical modeling techniques. Presents an integrated and unified view of digital terrain analysis in both soil science and geology Features research on new advances in the field, including DEM analytical approximation, analytical calculation of local morphometric variables, morphometric globes, and two-dimensional generalized spectral analytical methods Includes a rigorous description of the mathematical principles of digital terrain analysis Provides both a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding and applying geographical modeling

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology
Author: Igor Florinsky
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0123850363
ISBN 13: 9780123850362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology Book Review:

"This book is the first attempt to synthesize knowledge on theory, methods, and applications of digital terrain analysis in the context of multiscale problems of soil science and geology. The content of the book is based on long-standing, interdisciplinary research of the author. The book is addressed to geomorphometrists, soil scientists, geologists, geoscientists, geomorphologists, geographers, and GIS scientists (at scholar, lecturer, and postgraduate student levels, with mathematical skills). This book is also intended for the GIS professionals in industry and research laboratories focusing on geoscientific and soil research. The book is divided into three parts. Part I represents main concepts, principles, and methods of digital terrain modeling. Part II discusses various aspects of the use of digital terrain analysis in soil science. Part III looks at applications of digital terrain modeling in geology"--

Geomorphometry

Geomorphometry
Author: Tomislav Hengl,Hannes I. Reuter
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 796
Release: 2008-09-25
ISBN 10: 0080921884
ISBN 13: 9780080921884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geomorphometry Book Review:

Geomorphometry is the science of quantitative land-surface analysis. It draws upon mathematical, statistical, and image-processing techniques to quantify the shape of earth's topography at various spatial scales. The focus of geomorphometry is the calculation of surface-form measures (land-surface parameters) and features (objects), which may be used to improve the mapping and modelling of landforms to assist in the evaluation of soils, vegetation, land use, natural hazards, and other information. This book provides a practical guide to preparing Digital Elevation Models (DEM) for analysis and extracting land-surface parameters and objects from DEMs through a variety of software. It further offers detailed instructions on applying parameters and objects in soil, agricultural, environmental and earth sciences. This is a manual of state-of-the-art methods to serve the various researchers who use geomorphometry. Soil scientists will use this book to further learn the methods for classifying and measuring the chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils and gain a further understaing of the role of soil as a natural resource. Geologists will find value in the instruction this book provides for measuring the physical features of the soil such as elevation, porosity, and structure which geologists use to predict natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and flooding. * Technical details on a variety of software packages allow researchers to solve real-life mapping issues * Provides soil and agronomy researchers best practice techniques for soil data analysis to assist in enhanced land-use and planning * Offers geologists essential tactics for better environmental management by providing a comprehensive analysis of the physical features of soil * Companion website includes access to the latest technological advancements previously unpublished in any other comprehensive source: geomorphometry software, DEM data sources, and applications

Computing Ethics

Computing Ethics
Author: Don Gotterbarn,Keith W. Miller,John Impagliazzo,Ahmad Zaki Bin Abu Bakar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2016-03-01
ISBN 10: 0415621550
ISBN 13: 9780415621557
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computing Ethics Book Review:

This textbook emphasizes a diversity of values from different cultures, religions, and geographical locations. The book is designed to assist students, computing professionals, and faculty members to act in a more professional and ethical manner. Compelling case studies, ethical reasoning, and cultural perspectives will be included throughout the book, and the authors will apply lessons learned over many years of intense involvement in computing ethics. The text is appropriate either as a main text in a stand-alone ethics course or as a supplementary text for other related courses.

Terrain Analysis

Terrain Analysis
Author: John P. Wilson,John C. Gallant
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2000-08-03
ISBN 10: 9780471321880
ISBN 13: 0471321885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Terrain Analysis Book Review:

The only reference on the use of GIS and related technologies in terrain analysis In this landmark publication, reflecting the collaborative effort of thirteen research groups based in four countries, leading experts detail how GIS and related technologies, such as GPS and remote sensing, are now being used, with the aid of computer modeling, in terrain analysis. Continuing the innovative work of Professor Ian Moore, a visionary who saw terrain analysis as a robust method for modeling the large areas and complex spatial patterns of environmental systems, Terrain Analysis puts into action TAPES, or Terrain Analysis Programs for Environmental Sciences, Dr. Moore's innovative tool for terrain analysis. The book's contributors describe how TAPES are applied to specific geomorphologic problems, explain the algorithms used in current terrain analysis software, and examine the interpretation and use of terrain attributes in predictive models. With expert coverage of terrain analysis in the digital age, Terrain Analysis will be welcomed by ecologists, environmental engineers, geographers, and hydrologists who increasingly depend on GIS, GPS, and remote sensing.

Digital Soil Mapping

Digital Soil Mapping
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 658
Release: 2006-12-18
ISBN 10: 9780080468075
ISBN 13: 0080468071
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Soil Mapping Book Review:

The book compiles the main ideas and methodologies that have been proposed and tested within these last fifteen years in the field of Digital Soil Mapping (DSM). Begining with current experiences of soil information system developments in various regions of the world, this volume presents states of the art of different topics covered by DSM: Conception and handling of soil databases, sampling methods, new soil spatial covariates, Quantitative spatial modelling, Quality assessment and representation of DSM outputs. This book provides a solid support to students, researchers and engineers interested in modernising soil survey approaches with numerical techniques. It is also of great interest for potential soil data users. * A new concept to meet the worldwide demand for spatial soil data * The first compilation of ideas and methodologies of Digital Soil Mapping * Offers a variety of specialities: soil surveying, geostatistics, data mining, fuzzy logic, remote sensing techniques, Geographical Information Science,...* Written by 82 researchers from 13 different countries

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources
Author: NJ McKenzie,MJ Grundy,R Webster,AJ Ringrose-Voase
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2008-04-07
ISBN 10: 0643099050
ISBN 13: 9780643099050
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources Book Review:

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources promotes the development and implementation of consistent methods and standards for conducting soil and land resource surveys in Australia. These surveys are primarily field operations that aim to identify, describe, map and evaluate the various kinds of soil or land resources in specific areas. The advent of geographic information systems, global positioning systems, airborne gamma radiometric remote sensing, digital terrain analysis, simulation modelling, efficient statistical analysis and internet-based delivery of information has dramatically changed the scene in the past two decades. As successor to the Australian Soil and Land Survey Handbook: Guidelines for Conducting Surveys, this authoritative guide incorporates these new methods and techniques for supporting natural resource management. Soil and land resource surveyors, engineering and environmental consultants, commissioners of surveys and funding agencies will benefit from the practical information provided on how best to use the new technologies that have been developed, as will professionals in the spatial sciences such as geomorphology, ecology and hydrology.

Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis

Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis
Author: Qiming Zhou,Brian Lees,Guo-an Tang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2008-02-21
ISBN 10: 9783540778004
ISBN 13: 3540778004
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis Book Review:

Terrain analysis has attracted research studies from geographers, surveyors, engineers and computer scientists. The contributions in this book represent the state-of-the-art of terrain analysis methods and techniques in areas of digital representation, morphological and hydrological models, uncertainty and applications of terrain analysis. The book will appeal to postgraduate and senior undergraduate students who take advanced courses in GIS and geographical analysis.

Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils

Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils
Author: Philip J. Schoeneberger,D. A. Wysocki,E. C. Benham
Publsiher: Government Printing Office
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9780160915420
ISBN 13: 0160915422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils Book Review:

NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT-- OVERSTOCK SALE -- Significantly reduced list price USDA-NRCS. Issued in spiral ringboundbinder. By Philip J. Schoeneberger, et al. Summarizes and updates the current National Cooperative SoilSurvey conventions for describing soils. Intended to be both currentand usable by the entire soil science community."

Environmental Applications of Digital Terrain Modeling

Environmental Applications of Digital Terrain Modeling
Author: John P. Wilson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2018-02-15
ISBN 10: 1118938178
ISBN 13: 9781118938171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Applications of Digital Terrain Modeling Book Review:

A digital elevation model (DEM) is a digital representation of ground surface topography or terrain. It is also widely known as a digital terrain model (DTM). A DEM can be represented as a raster (a grid of squares) or as a vector based triangular irregular network (TIN). DEMs are commonly built using remote sensing techniques, but they may also be built from land surveying. DEMs are used often in geographic information systems, and are the most common basis for digitally-produced relief maps. The terrain surface can be described as compromising of two different elements; random and systematic. The random (stochastic) elements are the continuous surfaces with continuously varying relief. It would take an endless number of points to describe exactly the random terrain shapes, but these can be described in practice with a network of point. It is usual to use a network that creates sloping triangles or regular quadrants. This book examines how the methods and data sources used to generate DEMs and calculate land surface parameters have changed over the past 25 years. The primary goal is to describe the state-of-the-art for a typical digital terrain modeling workflow that starts with data capture, continues with data preprocessing and DEM generation, and concludes with the calculation of one or more primary and secondary land surface parameters. Taken as a whole, this book covers the basic theory behind the methods, the instrumentation, analysis and interpretation that are embedded in the modern digital terrain modeling workflow, the strengths and weaknesses of the various methods that the terrain analyst must choose among, typical applications of the results emanating from these terrain modeling workflows, and future directions. This book is intended for researchers and practitioners who wish to use DEMs, land surface parameters, land surface objects and landforms in environmental projects. The book will also be valuable as a reference text for environmental scientists who are specialists in related fields and wish to integrate these kinds of digital terrain workflows and outputs into their own specialized work environments.

Digital Soil Mapping

Digital Soil Mapping
Author: Janis L. Boettinger,David W. Howell,Amanda C. Moore,Alfred E. Hartemink,Suzann Kienast-Brown
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2010-06-28
ISBN 10: 9789048188635
ISBN 13: 9048188636
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Soil Mapping Book Review:

Digital Soil Mapping is the creation and the population of a geographically referenced soil database. It is generated at a given resolution by using field and laboratory observation methods coupled with environmental data through quantitative relationships. Digital soil mapping is advancing on different fronts at different rates all across the world. This book presents the state-of-the art and explores strategies for bridging research, production, and environmental application of digital soil mapping.It includes examples from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The chapters address the following topics: - evaluating and using legacy soil data - exploring new environmental covariates and sampling schemes - using integrated sensors to infer soil properties or status - innovative inference systems predicting soil classes, properties, and estimating their uncertainties - using digital soil mapping and techniques for soil assessment and environmental application - protocol and capacity building for making digital soil mapping operational around the globe.

Surface Models for Geosciences

Surface Models for Geosciences
Author: Kateřina Růžičková,Tomáš Inspektor
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2015-05-27
ISBN 10: 3319184075
ISBN 13: 9783319184074
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surface Models for Geosciences Book Review:

The aim of the conference is to present and discuss new methods, issues and challenges encountered in all parts of the complex process of gradual development and application of digital surface models. This process covers data capture, data generation, storage, model creation, validation, manipulation, utilization and visualization. Each stage requires suitable methods and involves issues that may substantially decrease the value of the model. Furthermore, the conference provides a platform to discuss the requirements, features and research approaches for 3D modeling, continuous field modeling and other geoscience applications. The conference covers the following topics: - LIDAR for elevation data - Radar interferometry for elevation data - Surface model creation - Surface model statistics - Surface model storage (including data formats, standardization, database) - Feature extraction - Analysis of surface models - Surface models for hydrology, meteorology, climatology - Surface models for signal spreading - Surface models for geology (structural, mining) - Surface models for environmental science - Surface models for visibility studies - Surface models for urban geography - Surface models for human geography - Uncertainty of surface models and digital terrain analysis - Surface model visual enhancement and rendering

Soil Organic Carbon Mapping Cookbook

Soil Organic Carbon Mapping Cookbook
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,Global Soil Partnership
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2018-05-21
ISBN 10: 9251304408
ISBN 13: 9789251304402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Organic Carbon Mapping Cookbook Book Review:

The Soil Organic Carbon Mapping cookbook provides a step-by-step guidance for developing 1 km grids for soil carbon stocks. It includes the preparation of local soil data, the compilation and pre-processing of ancillary spatial data sets, upscaling methodologies, and uncertainty assessments. Guidance is mainly specific to soil carbon data, but also contains many generic sections on soil grid development, as it is relevant for other soil properties. This second edition of the cookbook provides generic methodologies and technical steps to produce SOC maps and has been updated with knowledge and practical experiences gained during the implementation process of GSOCmap V1.0 throughout 2017. Guidance is mainly specific to SOC data, but as this cookbook contains generic sections on soil grid development it can be applicable to map various soil properties.

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data
Author: Alfred E. Hartemink,Alex B. McBratney,Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2008-07-11
ISBN 10: 1402085923
ISBN 13: 9781402085925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data Book Review:

Signi?cant technological advances have been few and far between in the past approximately one hundred years of soil survey activities. Perhaps one of the most innovative techniques in the history of soil survey was the introduction of aerial photographs as base maps for ?eld mapping, which replaced the conventional base map laboriously prepared by planetable and alidade. Such a relatively simple idea by today’s standards revolutionized soil surveys by vastly increasing the accuracy and ef?ciently. Yet, even this innovative approach did not gain universal acceptance immediately and was hampered by a lack of aerial coverage of the world, funds to cover the costs, and in some cases a reluctance by some soil mappers and cartog- phers to change. Digital Soil Mapping (DSM), which is already being used and tested by groups of dedicated and innovative pedologists, is perhaps the next great advancement in delivering soil survey information. However, like many new technologies, it too has yet to gain universal acceptance and is hampered by ignorance on the part of some pedologists and other scientists. DSM is a spatial soil information system created by numerical models that - count for the spatial and temporal variations of soil properties based on soil - formation and related environmental variables (Lagacheric and McBratney, 2007).

GlobalSoilMap

GlobalSoilMap
Author: Dominique Arrouays,Neil McKenzie,Jon Hempel,Anne Richer de Forges,Alex B. McBratney
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2014-01-27
ISBN 10: 1138001198
ISBN 13: 9781138001190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GlobalSoilMap Book Review:

GlobalSoilMap: Basis of the global spatial soil information system contains contributions that were presented at the 1st GlobalSoilMap conference, held 7-9 October 2013 in Orléans, France. These contributions demonstrate the latest developments in the GlobalSoilMap project and digital soil mapping technology for which the ultimate aim is to produce a high resolution digital spatial soil information system of selected soil properties and their uncertainties for the entire world. GlobalSoilMap: Basis of the global spatial soil information system aims to stimulate capacity building and new incentives to develop full GlobalSoilMap products in all parts of the world.

Andean Tectonics

Andean Tectonics
Author: Brian K. Horton,Andrés Folguera
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 743
Release: 2019-06-19
ISBN 10: 0128160101
ISBN 13: 9780128160107
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Andean Tectonics Book Review:

Andean Tectonics addresses the geologic evolution of the Andes Mountains, the prime global example of subduction-related mountain building. The Andes Mountains form one of the most extensive orogenic belts on Earth, spanning approximately an 8,000-km distance along the western edge of South America, from ~10°N to ~55°S. The tectonic history of the Andes involves a rich record of diverse geological processes, including crustal deformation, magmatism, sedimentary basin evolution, and climatic interactions. This book addresses the range of Andean tectonic processes and their temporal and spatial variations. An improved understanding of these processes is fundamental not only to the Andes but also to other major orogenic systems associated with subduction of the oceanic lithosphere. Andean Tectonics is a critical resource for researchers interested in the causes and consequences of Andean-type orogenesis and the long-term evolution of fold-thrust belts, magmatic arcs, and forearc and foreland basins. Evaluates the history of Andean mountain building over the past 300 million years Integrates recent studies and new perspectives on the complementary records of deformation, magmatism, and sedimentary basin evolution and their interactions in time and space Provides insight into the development of the northern, central, and southern Andes, which have typically been considered in isolation

Soils Basic Concepts and Future Challenges

Soils  Basic Concepts and Future Challenges
Author: Riccardo Scalenghe
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2006-10-12
ISBN 10: 113946003X
ISBN 13: 9781139460033
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soils Basic Concepts and Future Challenges Book Review:

This book was born as an international tribute to Fiorenzo C. Ugolini, an outstanding soil scientist, now retired from university teaching and research. It is a synthesis of the knowledge of soils, their genesis, functions and management, and includes contributions from leading soil scientists. It provides the basic concepts as well as data and practical examples from across the discipline. The book also discusses the increasingly important role of soils in enabling the preservation of life and contains a rare attempt to cross-harmonize the Soil Groups of the World Reference Base of Soil Resources with the Orders of the Soil Taxonomy. It also considers the possible existence of extraterrestrial soils based on the findings from the last space missions. This volume will be a valuable resource for researchers and students of soil science, soil conservation, geography and landscape ecology.

Pedometrics

Pedometrics
Author: Alex. B. McBratney,Budiman Minasny,Uta Stockmann
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2018-04-24
ISBN 10: 3319634399
ISBN 13: 9783319634395
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pedometrics Book Review:

This book presents the basic concepts of quantitative soil science and, within this framework, it seeks to construct a new body of knowledge. There is a growing need for quantitative approach in soil science, which arises from a general demand for improved economic production and environmental management. Pedometrics can be defined as the development and application of statistical and mathematical methods applicable to data analysis problems in soil science. This book shows how pedometrics can address key soil-related questions from a quantitative point of view. It addresses four main areas which are akin to the problems of conventional pedology: (i) Understanding the pattern of soil distribution in character space – soil classification, (ii) Understanding soil spatial and temporal variation, (iii) Evaluating the utility and quality of soil and ultimately, (iv) Understanding the genesis of soil. This is the first book that address these problems in a coherent quantitate approach.

Proximal Soil Sensing

Proximal Soil Sensing
Author: Raphael A. Viscarra Rossel,Alex B. McBratney,Budiman Minasny
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2010-07-25
ISBN 10: 9789048188598
ISBN 13: 9048188598
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proximal Soil Sensing Book Review:

This book reports on developments in Proximal Soil Sensing (PSS) and high resolution digital soil mapping. PSS has become a multidisciplinary area of study that aims to develop field-based techniques for collecting information on the soil from close by, or within, the soil. Amongst others, PSS involves the use of optical, geophysical, electrochemical, mathematical and statistical methods. This volume, suitable for undergraduate course material and postgraduate research, brings together ideas and examples from those developing and using proximal sensors and high resolution digital soil maps for applications such as precision agriculture, soil contamination, archaeology, peri-urban design and high land-value applications, where there is a particular need for high spatial resolution information. The book in particular covers soil sensor sampling, proximal soil sensor development and use, sensor calibrations, prediction methods for large data sets, applications of proximal soil sensing, and high-resolution digital soil mapping. Key themes: soil sensor sampling – soil sensor calibrations – spatial prediction methods – reflectance spectroscopy – electromagnetic induction and electrical resistivity – radar and gamma radiometrics – multi-sensor platforms – high resolution digital soil mapping - applications Raphael A. Viscarra Rossel is a scientist at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) of Australia. Alex McBratney is Pro-Dean and Professor of Soil Science in the Faculty of Agriculture Food & Natural Resources at the University of Sydney in Australia. Budiman Minasny is a Senior Research Fellow in the Faculty of Agriculture Food & Natural Resources at the University of Sydney in Australia.

Geoscientists at Crime Scenes

Geoscientists at Crime Scenes
Author: Rosa Maria Di Maggio,Pier Matteo Barone
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2017-06-10
ISBN 10: 3319580485
ISBN 13: 9783319580487
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geoscientists at Crime Scenes Book Review:

This book presents the forensic geoscience in general and, in particular, in Italy and their application to peculiar crimes. Italy is internationally relevant due to the presence of different kinds of “geo-crimes” (in the first place, environmental mafia), and is emblematic to understanding the best way to fight these crimes. This book will not only offer a new view point to comprehending these “geo-crimes”, but also fresh and updated results of the different methods applied to fight against these crimes. This book is unique in that it is not a collection of articles but an individual work with the same theme beginning with a state-of-the-art of these disciplines to their international value passing through several case studies.