Data Democracy

Data Democracy
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-01-28
ISBN 10: 9780128183663
ISBN 13: 0128183667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Democracy Book Review:

This book provides a manifesto to data democracy. After reading the chapters of this book, you are informed and suitably warned! You are already part of the data republic, and you (and all of us) need to ensure that our data fall in the right hands. Everything you click, buy, swipe, try, sell, drive, or fly is a data point. But who owns the data? At this point, not you! You do not even have access to most of it. The next best empire of our planet is one who owns and controls the world's best dataset. If you consume or create data, if you are a citizen of the data republic (willingly or grudgingly), and if you are interested in making a decision or finding the truth through data-driven analysis, this book is for you. A group of experts, academics, data science researchers, and industry practitioners gathered to write this manifesto about data democracy. - The future of the data republic, life within a data democracy, and our digital freedoms. - An in-depth analysis of open science, open data, open source software, and their future challenges. - A comprehensive review of data democracy's implications within domains such as: healthcare, space exploration, earth sciences, business, and psychology. - The democratization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and data issues such as: bias, imbalance, context, and knowledge extraction. - A systematic review of AI methods applied to software engineering problems.

Data versus Democracy

Data versus Democracy
Author: Kris Shaffer
Publsiher: Apress
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2019-07-02
ISBN 10: 1484245407
ISBN 13: 9781484245408
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data versus Democracy Book Review:

Human attention is in the highest demand it has ever been. The drastic increase in available information has compelled individuals to find a way to sift through the media that is literally at their fingertips. Content recommendation systems have emerged as the technological solution to this social and informational problem, but they’ve also created a bigger crisis in confirming our biases by showing us only, and exactly, what it predicts we want to see. Data versus Democracy investigates and explores how, in the era of social media, human cognition, algorithmic recommendation systems, and human psychology are all working together to reinforce (and exaggerate) human bias. The dangerous confluence of these factors is driving media narratives, influencing opinions, and possibly changing election results. In this book, algorithmic recommendations, clickbait, familiarity bias, propaganda, and other pivotal concepts are analyzed and then expanded upon via fascinating and timely case studies: the 2016 US presidential election, Ferguson, GamerGate, international political movements, and more events that come to affect every one of us. What are the implications of how we engage with information in the digital age? Data versus Democracy explores this topic and an abundance of related crucial questions. We live in a culture vastly different from any that has come before. In a society where engagement is currency, we are the product. Understanding the value of our attention, how organizations operate based on this concept, and how engagement can be used against our best interests is essential in responsibly equipping ourselves against the perils of disinformation. Who This Book Is For Individuals who are curious about how social media algorithms work and how they can be manipulated to influence culture. Social media managers, data scientists, data administrators, and educators will find this book particularly relevant to their work.

Big Data and Democracy

Big Data and Democracy
Author: Kevin Macnish,Jai Galliott
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-06-30
ISBN 10: 9781474463522
ISBN 13: 1474463525
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data and Democracy Book Review:

What's wrong with targeted advertising in political campaigns? Are echo chambers a matter of genuine concern? How does data collection impact on trust in society? As decision-making becomes increasingly automated, how can decision-makers be held to account? This collection consider potential solutions to these challenges.

Data Democracy

Data Democracy
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-01-21
ISBN 10: 0128189398
ISBN 13: 9780128189399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Democracy Book Review:

Data Democracy: At the Nexus of Artificial Intelligence, Software Development, and Knowledge Engineering provides a manifesto to data democracy. After reading the chapters of this book, you are informed and suitably warned! You are already part of the data republic, and you (and all of us) need to ensure that our data fall in the right hands. Everything you click, buy, swipe, try, sell, drive, or fly is a data point. But who owns the data? At this point, not you! You do not even have access to most of it. The next best empire of our planet is one who owns and controls the world’s best dataset. If you consume or create data, if you are a citizen of the data republic (willingly or grudgingly), and if you are interested in making a decision or finding the truth through data-driven analysis, this book is for you. A group of experts, academics, data science researchers, and industry practitioners gathered to write this manifesto about data democracy. The future of the data republic, life within a data democracy, and our digital freedoms An in-depth analysis of open science, open data, open source software, and their future challenges A comprehensive review of data democracy's implications within domains such as: healthcare, space exploration, earth sciences, business, and psychology The democratization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and data issues such as: Bias, imbalance, context, and knowledge extraction A systematic review of AI methods applied to software engineering problems

Prototype Politics

Prototype Politics
Author: Daniel Kreiss
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-06-01
ISBN 10: 0199350272
ISBN 13: 9780199350278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prototype Politics Book Review:

Given the advanced state of digital technology and social media, one would think that the Democratic and Republican Parties would be reasonably well-matched in terms of their technology uptake and sophistication. But as past presidential campaigns have shown, this is not the case. So what explains this odd disparity? Political scientists have shown that Republicans effectively used the strategy of party building and networking to gain campaign and electoral advantage throughout the twentieth century. In Prototype Politics, Daniel Kreiss argues that contemporary campaigning has entered a new technology-intensive era that the Democratic Party has engaged to not only gain traction against the Republicans, but to shape the new electoral context and define what electoral participation means in the twenty-first century. Prototype Politics provides an analytical framework for understanding why and how campaigns are newly "technology-intensive," and why digital media, data, and analytics are at the forefront of contemporary electoral dynamics. The book discusses the importance of infrastructure, the contexts within which technological innovation happens, and how the collective making of prototypes shapes parties and their technological futures. Drawing on an analysis of the careers of 629 presidential campaign staffers from 2004-2012, as well as interviews with party elites on both sides of the aisle, Prototype Politics details how and why the Democrats invested more in technology, were able to attract staffers with specialized expertise to work in electoral politics, and founded an array of firms to diffuse technological innovations down ballot and across election cycles. Taken together, this book shows how the differences between the major party campaigns on display in 2012 were shaped by their institutional histories since 2004, as well as that of their extended network of allied organizations. In the process, this book argues that scholars need to understand how technological development around politics happens in time and how the dynamics on display during presidential cycles are the outcome of longer processes.

Big Data Political Campaigning and the Law

Big Data  Political Campaigning and the Law
Author: Normann Witzleb,Moira Paterson,Janice Richardson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2019-12-18
ISBN 10: 1000747395
ISBN 13: 9781000747393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data Political Campaigning and the Law Book Review:

In this multidisciplinary book, experts from around the globe examine how data-driven political campaigning works, what challenges it poses for personal privacy and democracy, and how emerging practices should be regulated. The rise of big data analytics in the political process has triggered official investigations in many countries around the world, and become the subject of broad and intense debate. Political parties increasingly rely on data analytics to profile the electorate and to target specific voter groups with individualised messages based on their demographic attributes. Political micro-targeting has become a major factor in modern campaigning, because of its potential to influence opinions, to mobilise supporters and to get out votes. The book explores the legal, philosophical and political dimensions of big data analytics in the electoral process. It demonstrates that the unregulated use of big personal data for political purposes not only infringes voters’ privacy rights, but also has the potential to jeopardise the future of the democratic process, and proposes reforms to address the key regulatory and ethical questions arising from the mining, use and storage of massive amounts of voter data. Providing an interdisciplinary assessment of the use and regulation of big data in the political process, this book will appeal to scholars from law, political science, political philosophy and media studies, policy makers and anyone who cares about democracy in the age of data-driven political campaigning.

Enough of Experts

Enough of Experts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1052416295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enough of Experts Book Review:

Tribal Lobbying Matters

Tribal Lobbying Matters
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs (1993- )
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105063992536
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribal Lobbying Matters Book Review:

Linked Democracy

Linked Democracy
Author: Marta Poblet
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2019-01-01
ISBN 10: 303013363X
ISBN 13: 9783030133634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Linked Democracy Book Review:

This open access book shows the factors linking information flow, social intelligence, rights management and modelling with epistemic democracy, offering licensed linked data along with information about the rights involved. This model of democracy for the web of data brings new challenges for the social organisation of knowledge, collective innovation, and the coordination of actions. Licensed linked data, licensed linguistic linked data, right expression languages, semantic web regulatory models, electronic institutions, artificial socio-cognitive systems are examples of regulatory and institutional design (regulations by design). The web has been massively populated with both data and services, and semantically structured data, the linked data cloud, facilitates and fosters human-machine interaction. Linked data aims to create ecosystems to make it possible to browse, discover, exploit and reuse data sets for applications. Rights Expression Languages semi-automatically regulate the use and reuse of content.

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism
Author: Shoshana Zuboff
Publsiher: PublicAffairs
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2019-01-15
ISBN 10: 1610395700
ISBN 13: 9781610395700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism Book Review:

The challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, the first detailed examination of the unprecedented form of power called "surveillance capitalism," and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behavior. In this masterwork of original thinking and research, Shoshana Zuboff provides startling insights into the phenomenon that she has named surveillance capitalism. The stakes could not be higher: a global architecture of behavior modification threatens human nature in the twenty-first century just as industrial capitalism disfigured the natural world in the twentieth. Zuboff vividly brings to life the consequences as surveillance capitalism advances from Silicon Valley into every economic sector. Vast wealth and power are accumulated in ominous new "behavioral futures markets," where predictions about our behavior are bought and sold, and the production of goods and services is subordinated to a new "means of behavioral modification." The threat has shifted from a totalitarian Big Brother state to a ubiquitous digital architecture: a "Big Other" operating in the interests of surveillance capital. Here is the crucible of an unprecedented form of power marked by extreme concentrations of knowledge and free from democratic oversight. Zuboff's comprehensive and moving analysis lays bare the threats to twenty-first century society: a controlled "hive" of total connection that seduces with promises of total certainty for maximum profit -- at the expense of democracy, freedom, and our human future. With little resistance from law or society, surveillance capitalism is on the verge of dominating the social order and shaping the digital future -- if we let it.

Transatlantic Data Privacy

Transatlantic Data Privacy
Author: KLOZA
Publsiher: Intersentia
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN 10: 9781780684345
ISBN 13: 1780684347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transatlantic Data Privacy Book Review:

I think you are misunderstanding the perceived problem here, Mr President. No one is saying that you broke any laws. We are just saying it is a little bit weird that you did not have to.--John Oliver, The Daily Show, June 10, 2013***John Oliver formulated in this context the very question about the limits, about the use and abuse, of the law and of the state's power when it comes to global mass surveillance practices. Where does lie the 'thin red line' between the two legitimate yet seemingly competing interests: national security and privacy? [.]The result we present to the reader might seem merely another book about the Snowden affaire and the fall of Safe Harbor, but these two have been (only) an inspiration. Our object of interest is the protection of data privacy in relations between Europe and Americas as a challenge for democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights. [.] The present book is very clearly an anthology - it is a compilation of diverse contributions, from different perspectives, within a broad topic. Our aim with this volume is to highlight a selection of particularly 'hot' questions within the topic of trans-Atlantic data privacy relations as they look at the end of 2016. [.] In the final chapter, we draw out and highlight those themes we see emerging within the body of this work. We eventually attempt to suggest a few lessons de lege ferenda.--From the Preface by the editors (Series: European Integration and Democracy, Vol. 4) [Subject: Public Law, Privacy Law, Politics]

Social Democracy After the Cold War

Social Democracy After the Cold War
Author: Bryan Evans,Ingo Schmidt
Publsiher: Athabasca University Press
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1926836871
ISBN 13: 9781926836874
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Democracy After the Cold War Book Review:

Despite the market triumphalism that greeted the end of the Cold War, the collapse of the Soviet empire seemed initially to herald new possibilities for social democracy. In the 1990s, with a new era of peace and economic prosperity apparently imminent, people discontented with the realities of global capitalism swept social democrats into power in many Western countries. The resurgence was, however, brief. Neither the recurring economic crises of the 2000s nor the ongoing War on Terror was conducive to social democracy, which soon gave way to a prolonged decline in countries where social democrats had once held power. Arguing that neither globalization nor demographic change was key to the failure of social democracy, the contributors to this volume analyze the rise and decline of Third Way social democracy and seek to lay the groundwork for the reformulation of progressive class politics. Offering a comparative look at social democratic experience since the Cold War, the volume examines countries where social democracy has long been an influential political force - Sweden, Germany, Britain, and Australia - while also considering the history of Canada's NDP and the emergence of New Left parties in Germany and the province of Québec. The case studies point to a social democracy that has confirmed its rupture with the postwar order and its role as the primary political representative of workingclass interests. Once marked by redistributive and egalitarian policy perspectives, social democracy has, the book argues, assumed a new role - that of a modernizing force advancing the neoliberal cause. Bryan Evans is an associate professor in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at Ryerson University. Prior to joining Ryerson in 2003, he held senior policy advisory and management positions in the Ontario Legislature and Government. Ingo Schmidt is an economist and the coordinator of the Labour Studies Program at Athabasca University. He has taught in Germany as well as Canada and was formerly staff economist with the metalworkers union, IG Metall, in Germany.

The Transparent Democracy

The Transparent Democracy
Author: Benjamin Salamon
Publsiher: Xlibris Corporation
Total Pages: 279
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9781401087043
ISBN 13: 1401087043
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Transparent Democracy Book Review:

It has become amply evident that democracy as we know it, in all its shapes and forms, suffers from severe deficiencies and weaknesses, having failed in eradicating abject poverty, in safeguarding clean air and water to all, in uplifting the destitute, and in exercising fairer development priorities. Nor has it successfully promoted fair trade practices nationally and internationally. Why? The answer is rather obvious: because the leading political ideologies have not managed to come up with adequate remedies and solutions. The whole spectrum of familiar ideologies, from radical Capitalism to radical Socialism, as propagated by their political parties, has proven incapable of enlightening us as to how democracy should function in order to satisfy its citizens' yearnings while fulfilling its national obligations. This book, however, has not come to add to the prevailing criticism, of which there is plenty, but to offer most urgently required viable solutions. Democracy is a process that has evolved from granting voting rights to the privileged few, via the emancipation of all male citizens and subsequently of all female citizens, to a situation where it is ripe for badly needed upgrading. The leading argument in The Transparent Democracy is that the upgrading of democracy is absolutely essential for raising living standards among the poor, for global synchronization of wages, and for eradication of corrupt or inept governance. The philosophy of upgrading is called Electivism, and it advocates, inter alia, four branches of governance instead of the customary three, the flow of essential data to every citizen, creation of a trade union sector, promotion of the preferred mix within the annual government budget, and a novel political alignment. The electivistic transparent democracy is an attempt to provide a viable blueprint for every country in the world, irrespective of its present status, assuming that if granted a choice, in the final analysis, people everywhere will prefer to live as free citizens with decent living standards in a truly progressive democratic society. This is therefore the story of the electivistic way. Readers wishing to comment on the blueprint for the upgrading of democracy as laid out in The Transparent Democracy and/or to endorse the need for setting up associations in support of electivism are invited to email their views, suggestions, and comments to: [email protected]

Transparency Democracy and Autocracy

Transparency  Democracy  and Autocracy
Author: James R. Hollyer,James Raymond Vreeland,B. Peter Rosendorff
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-09-30
ISBN 10: 1108420729
ISBN 13: 9781108420723
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transparency Democracy and Autocracy Book Review:

Increasing economic transparency benefits democracy: it helps elections work. Yet under autocracy, transparency contributes to political instability.

Democracy and the Environment

Democracy and the Environment
Author: William M. Lafferty,James Meadowcroft
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Pub
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105018393905
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and the Environment Book Review:

The relationship between environmental values and goals and democratic theory and practice is explored through original essays by established scholars whose conclusions are then integrated by the editors into a concluding essay. This major book illustrates and analyses the many ways in which environmental problems pose difficulties for democratic decision-makers. Environmental problems impact across established regional and national boundaries, and involve complex social processes, intricate patterns of loss and gain, and time scales which do not synchronize with electoral political systems.

Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada

Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada
Author: Meenal Shrivastava,Lorna Stefanick
Publsiher: Athabasca University Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2015-10-01
ISBN 10: 1771990295
ISBN 13: 9781771990295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada Book Review:

In Democracy in Alberta: The Theory and Practice of a Quasi-Party System, published in 1953, C. B. Macpherson explored the nature of democracy in a province that was dominated by a single class of producers. At the time, Macpherson was talking about Alberta farmers, but today the province can still be seen as a one-industry economy—the 1947 discovery of oil in Leduc having inaugurated a new era. For all practical purposes, the oil-rich jurisdiction of Alberta also remains a one-party state. Not only has there been little opposition to a government that has been in power for over forty years, but Alberta ranks behind other provinces in terms of voter turnout, while also boasting some of the lowest scores on a variety of social welfare indicators. The contributors to Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy critically assess the political peculiarities of Alberta and the impact of the government’s relationship to the oil industry on the lives of the province’s most vulnerable citizens. They also examine the public policy environment and the entrenchment of neoliberal political ideology in the province. In probing the relationship between oil dependency and democracy in the context of an industrialized nation, Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy offers a crucial test of the “oil inhibits democracy” thesis that has hitherto been advanced in relation to oil-producing countries in the Global South. If reliance on oil production appears to undermine democratic participation and governance in Alberta, then what does the Alberta case suggest for the future of democracy in industrialized nations such as the United States and Australia, which are now in the process of exploiting their own substantial shale oil reserves? The environmental consequences of oil production have, for example, been the subject of much attention. Little is likely to change, however, if citizens of oil-rich countries cannot effectively intervene to influence government policy.

Varieties of Democracy

Varieties of Democracy
Author: Michael Coppedge,John Gerring,Adam Glynn,Carl Henrik Knutsen,Staffan I. Lindberg,Daniel Pemstein,Brigitte Seim,Svend-Erik Skaaning,Jan Teorell
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-01-09
ISBN 10: 1108561187
ISBN 13: 9781108561181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Varieties of Democracy Book Review:

Varieties of Democracy is the essential user's guide to The Varieties of Democracy project (V-Dem), one of the most ambitious data collection efforts in comparative politics. This global research collaboration sparked a dramatic change in how we study the nature, causes, and consequences of democracy. This book is ambitious in scope: more than a reference guide, it raises standards for causal inferences in democratization research and introduces new, measurable, concepts of democracy and many political institutions. Varieties of Democracy enables anyone interested in democracy - teachers, students, journalists, activists, researchers and others - to analyze V-Dem data in new and exciting ways. This book creates opportunities for V-Dem data to be used in education, research, news analysis, advocacy, policy work, and elsewhere. V-Dem is rapidly becoming the preferred source for democracy data.

Federal Data Science

Federal Data Science
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN 10: 012812444X
ISBN 13: 9780128124444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Federal Data Science Book Review:

Federal Data Science serves as a guide for federal software engineers, government analysts, economists, researchers, data scientists, and engineering managers in deploying data analytics methods to governmental processes. Driven by open government (2009) and big data (2012) initiatives, federal agencies have a serious need to implement intelligent data management methods, share their data, and deploy advanced analytics to their processes. Using federal data for reactive decision making is not sufficient anymore, intelligent data systems allow for proactive activities that lead to benefits such as: improved citizen services, higher accountability, reduced delivery inefficiencies, lower costs, enhanced national insights, and better policy making. No other government-dedicated work has been found in literature that addresses this broad topic. This book provides multiple use-cases, describes federal data science benefits, and fills the gap in this critical and timely area. Written and reviewed by academics, industry experts, and federal analysts, the problems and challenges of developing data systems for government agencies is presented by actual developers, designers, and users of those systems, providing a unique and valuable real-world perspective. Offers a range of data science models, engineering tools, and federal use-cases Provides foundational observations into government data resources and requirements Introduces experiences and examples of data openness from the US and other countries A step-by-step guide for the conversion of government towards data-driven policy making Focuses on presenting data models that work within the constraints of the US government Presents the why, the what, and the how of injecting AI into federal culture and software systems

Political Leaders and Changing Local Democracy

Political Leaders and Changing Local Democracy
Author: Hubert Heinelt,Annick Magnier,Marcello Cabria,Herwig Reynaert
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 487
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN 10: 3319674102
ISBN 13: 9783319674100
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Political Leaders and Changing Local Democracy Book Review:

This book studies political leadership at the local level, based on data from a survey of the mayors of cities of more than 10,000 inhabitants in 29 European countries carried out between 2014 and 2016. The book compares these results with those of a similar survey conducted ten years ago. From this comparative perspective, the book examines how to become a mayor in Europe today, the attitudes of these politicians towards administrative and territorial reforms, their notions of democracy, their political priorities, whether or not party politicization plays a role at the municipal level, and how mayors interact with other actors in the local political arena. This study addresses students, academics and practitioners concerned at different levels with the functioning and reforms of the municipal level of local government.

Democracy in Burkina Faso

Democracy in Burkina Faso
Author: Roel von Meijenfeldt,Carlos Santiso,René Otayek
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 168
Release: 1998
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105123883485
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy in Burkina Faso Book Review:

This report was written following extensive consultations with leading democratic actors in Burkina Faso and regional experts. The report offers a comprehensive analysis of the political system in Burkina Faso, and identifies key stumbling-blocks to political development, including the monopoly of power by the majority party, the administration of the judicial system, the organisation of elections, and the lack of a strong opposition. The report recommends change in six areas such as state reform, including decentralisation of government authority; consolidation of the rule of law, particularly in the constitution and the administration of the judicial system; and expansion of the democratic culture in civil society, especially among women. The report also gives an analysis and makes recommendations about the electoral system.