Data Democracy

Data Democracy
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-01-28
ISBN 10: 9780128183663
ISBN 13: 0128183667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Democracy Book Review:

This book provides a manifesto to data democracy. After reading the chapters of this book, you are informed and suitably warned! You are already part of the data republic, and you (and all of us) need to ensure that our data fall in the right hands. Everything you click, buy, swipe, try, sell, drive, or fly is a data point. But who owns the data? At this point, not you! You do not even have access to most of it. The next best empire of our planet is one who owns and controls the world's best dataset. If you consume or create data, if you are a citizen of the data republic (willingly or grudgingly), and if you are interested in making a decision or finding the truth through data-driven analysis, this book is for you. A group of experts, academics, data science researchers, and industry practitioners gathered to write this manifesto about data democracy. - The future of the data republic, life within a data democracy, and our digital freedoms. - An in-depth analysis of open science, open data, open source software, and their future challenges. - A comprehensive review of data democracy's implications within domains such as: healthcare, space exploration, earth sciences, business, and psychology. - The democratization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and data issues such as: bias, imbalance, context, and knowledge extraction. - A systematic review of AI methods applied to software engineering problems.

Big Data and Democracy

Big Data and Democracy
Author: Macnish Kevin Macnish
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-06-18
ISBN 10: 147446355X
ISBN 13: 9781474463553
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data and Democracy Book Review:

What's wrong with targeted advertising in political campaigns? Should we be worried about echo chambers? How does data collection impact on trust in society? As decision-making becomes increasingly automated, how can decision-makers be held to account? This collection consider potential solutions to these challenges. It brings together original research on the philosophy of big data and democracy from leading international authors, with recent examples - including the 2016 Brexit Referendum, the Leveson Inquiry and the Edward Snowden leaks. And it asks whether an ethical compass is available or even feasible in an ever more digitised and monitored world.

Data versus Democracy

Data versus Democracy
Author: Kris Shaffer
Publsiher: Apress
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2019-07-02
ISBN 10: 1484245407
ISBN 13: 9781484245408
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data versus Democracy Book Review:

Human attention is in the highest demand it has ever been. The drastic increase in available information has compelled individuals to find a way to sift through the media that is literally at their fingertips. Content recommendation systems have emerged as the technological solution to this social and informational problem, but they’ve also created a bigger crisis in confirming our biases by showing us only, and exactly, what it predicts we want to see. Data versus Democracy investigates and explores how, in the era of social media, human cognition, algorithmic recommendation systems, and human psychology are all working together to reinforce (and exaggerate) human bias. The dangerous confluence of these factors is driving media narratives, influencing opinions, and possibly changing election results. In this book, algorithmic recommendations, clickbait, familiarity bias, propaganda, and other pivotal concepts are analyzed and then expanded upon via fascinating and timely case studies: the 2016 US presidential election, Ferguson, GamerGate, international political movements, and more events that come to affect every one of us. What are the implications of how we engage with information in the digital age? Data versus Democracy explores this topic and an abundance of related crucial questions. We live in a culture vastly different from any that has come before. In a society where engagement is currency, we are the product. Understanding the value of our attention, how organizations operate based on this concept, and how engagement can be used against our best interests is essential in responsibly equipping ourselves against the perils of disinformation. Who This Book Is For Individuals who are curious about how social media algorithms work and how they can be manipulated to influence culture. Social media managers, data scientists, data administrators, and educators will find this book particularly relevant to their work.

Democratizing Our Data

Democratizing Our Data
Author: Julia Lane
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2021-08
ISBN 10: 0262542749
ISBN 13: 9780262542746
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democratizing Our Data Book Review:

"A call to arms to radically transform our current national statistical system"--

Data Democracy

Data Democracy
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-01-21
ISBN 10: 0128189398
ISBN 13: 9780128189399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Democracy Book Review:

Data Democracy: At the Nexus of Artificial Intelligence, Software Development, and Knowledge Engineering provides a manifesto to data democracy. After reading the chapters of this book, you are informed and suitably warned! You are already part of the data republic, and you (and all of us) need to ensure that our data fall in the right hands. Everything you click, buy, swipe, try, sell, drive, or fly is a data point. But who owns the data? At this point, not you! You do not even have access to most of it. The next best empire of our planet is one who owns and controls the world’s best dataset. If you consume or create data, if you are a citizen of the data republic (willingly or grudgingly), and if you are interested in making a decision or finding the truth through data-driven analysis, this book is for you. A group of experts, academics, data science researchers, and industry practitioners gathered to write this manifesto about data democracy. The future of the data republic, life within a data democracy, and our digital freedoms An in-depth analysis of open science, open data, open source software, and their future challenges A comprehensive review of data democracy's implications within domains such as: healthcare, space exploration, earth sciences, business, and psychology The democratization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and data issues such as: Bias, imbalance, context, and knowledge extraction A systematic review of AI methods applied to software engineering problems

Prototype Politics

Prototype Politics
Author: Daniel Kreiss
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-06-01
ISBN 10: 0199350272
ISBN 13: 9780199350278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prototype Politics Book Review:

Given the advanced state of digital technology and social media, one would think that the Democratic and Republican Parties would be reasonably well-matched in terms of their technology uptake and sophistication. But as past presidential campaigns have shown, this is not the case. So what explains this odd disparity? Political scientists have shown that Republicans effectively used the strategy of party building and networking to gain campaign and electoral advantage throughout the twentieth century. In Prototype Politics, Daniel Kreiss argues that contemporary campaigning has entered a new technology-intensive era that the Democratic Party has engaged to not only gain traction against the Republicans, but to shape the new electoral context and define what electoral participation means in the twenty-first century. Prototype Politics provides an analytical framework for understanding why and how campaigns are newly "technology-intensive," and why digital media, data, and analytics are at the forefront of contemporary electoral dynamics. The book discusses the importance of infrastructure, the contexts within which technological innovation happens, and how the collective making of prototypes shapes parties and their technological futures. Drawing on an analysis of the careers of 629 presidential campaign staffers from 2004-2012, as well as interviews with party elites on both sides of the aisle, Prototype Politics details how and why the Democrats invested more in technology, were able to attract staffers with specialized expertise to work in electoral politics, and founded an array of firms to diffuse technological innovations down ballot and across election cycles. Taken together, this book shows how the differences between the major party campaigns on display in 2012 were shaped by their institutional histories since 2004, as well as that of their extended network of allied organizations. In the process, this book argues that scholars need to understand how technological development around politics happens in time and how the dynamics on display during presidential cycles are the outcome of longer processes.

Weapons of Math Destruction

Weapons of Math Destruction
Author: Cathy O'Neil
Publsiher: Broadway Books
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 0553418831
ISBN 13: 9780553418835
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weapons of Math Destruction Book Review:

Longlisted for the National Book Award New York Times Bestseller A former Wall Street quant sounds an alarm on the mathematical models that pervade modern life -- and threaten to rip apart our social fabric We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives--where we go to school, whether we get a car loan, how much we pay for health insurance--are being made not by humans, but by mathematical models. In theory, this should lead to greater fairness: Everyone is judged according to the same rules, and bias is eliminated. But as Cathy O'Neil reveals in this urgent and necessary book, the opposite is true. The models being used today are opaque, unregulated, and uncontestable, even when they're wrong. Most troubling, they reinforce discrimination: If a poor student can't get a loan because a lending model deems him too risky (by virtue of his zip code), he's then cut off from the kind of education that could pull him out of poverty, and a vicious spiral ensues. Models are propping up the lucky and punishing the downtrodden, creating a "toxic cocktail for democracy." Welcome to the dark side of Big Data. Tracing the arc of a person's life, O'Neil exposes the black box models that shape our future, both as individuals and as a society. These "weapons of math destruction" score teachers and students, sort r sum s, grant (or deny) loans, evaluate workers, target voters, set parole, and monitor our health. O'Neil calls on modelers to take more responsibility for their algorithms and on policy makers to regulate their use. But in the end, it's up to us to become more savvy about the models that govern our lives. This important book empowers us to ask the tough questions, uncover the truth, and demand change. -- Longlist for National Book Award (Non-Fiction) -- Goodreads, semi-finalist for the 2016 Goodreads Choice Awards (Science and Technology) -- Kirkus, Best Books of 2016 -- New York Times, 100 Notable Books of 2016 (Non-Fiction) -- The Guardian, Best Books of 2016 -- WBUR's "On Point," Best Books of 2016: Staff Picks -- Boston Globe, Best Books of 2016, Non-Fiction

Enough of Experts

Enough of Experts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1052416295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enough of Experts Book Review:

The Death of Content As King

The Death of Content As King
Author: Jon Hinderliter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2020-12-17
ISBN 10: 9781943226542
ISBN 13: 1943226547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Death of Content As King Book Review:

The Death of Content as King is a methodically researched guide that helps you embrace data, not as the new king, but as the voice and vote.

Transatlantic Data Privacy

Transatlantic Data Privacy
Author: KLOZA
Publsiher: Intersentia
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN 10: 9781780684345
ISBN 13: 1780684347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transatlantic Data Privacy Book Review:

I think you are misunderstanding the perceived problem here, Mr President. No one is saying that you broke any laws. We are just saying it is a little bit weird that you did not have to.--John Oliver, The Daily Show, June 10, 2013***John Oliver formulated in this context the very question about the limits, about the use and abuse, of the law and of the state's power when it comes to global mass surveillance practices. Where does lie the 'thin red line' between the two legitimate yet seemingly competing interests: national security and privacy? [.]The result we present to the reader might seem merely another book about the Snowden affaire and the fall of Safe Harbor, but these two have been (only) an inspiration. Our object of interest is the protection of data privacy in relations between Europe and Americas as a challenge for democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights. [.] The present book is very clearly an anthology - it is a compilation of diverse contributions, from different perspectives, within a broad topic. Our aim with this volume is to highlight a selection of particularly 'hot' questions within the topic of trans-Atlantic data privacy relations as they look at the end of 2016. [.] In the final chapter, we draw out and highlight those themes we see emerging within the body of this work. We eventually attempt to suggest a few lessons de lege ferenda.--From the Preface by the editors (Series: European Integration and Democracy, Vol. 4) [Subject: Public Law, Privacy Law, Politics]

Big Data Political Campaigning and the Law

Big Data  Political Campaigning and the Law
Author: Normann Witzleb,Moira Paterson,Janice Richardson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2019-12-06
ISBN 10: 1000747395
ISBN 13: 9781000747393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data Political Campaigning and the Law Book Review:

In this multidisciplinary book, experts from around the globe examine how data-driven political campaigning works, what challenges it poses for personal privacy and democracy, and how emerging practices should be regulated. The rise of big data analytics in the political process has triggered official investigations in many countries around the world, and become the subject of broad and intense debate. Political parties increasingly rely on data analytics to profile the electorate and to target specific voter groups with individualised messages based on their demographic attributes. Political micro-targeting has become a major factor in modern campaigning, because of its potential to influence opinions, to mobilise supporters and to get out votes. The book explores the legal, philosophical and political dimensions of big data analytics in the electoral process. It demonstrates that the unregulated use of big personal data for political purposes not only infringes voters’ privacy rights, but also has the potential to jeopardise the future of the democratic process, and proposes reforms to address the key regulatory and ethical questions arising from the mining, use and storage of massive amounts of voter data. Providing an interdisciplinary assessment of the use and regulation of big data in the political process, this book will appeal to scholars from law, political science, political philosophy and media studies, policy makers and anyone who cares about democracy in the age of data-driven political campaigning.

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism
Author: Shoshana Zuboff
Publsiher: PublicAffairs
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2019-01-15
ISBN 10: 1610395700
ISBN 13: 9781610395700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism Book Review:

The challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, the first detailed examination of the unprecedented form of power called "surveillance capitalism," and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behavior. In this masterwork of original thinking and research, Shoshana Zuboff provides startling insights into the phenomenon that she has named surveillance capitalism. The stakes could not be higher: a global architecture of behavior modification threatens human nature in the twenty-first century just as industrial capitalism disfigured the natural world in the twentieth. Zuboff vividly brings to life the consequences as surveillance capitalism advances from Silicon Valley into every economic sector. Vast wealth and power are accumulated in ominous new "behavioral futures markets," where predictions about our behavior are bought and sold, and the production of goods and services is subordinated to a new "means of behavioral modification." The threat has shifted from a totalitarian Big Brother state to a ubiquitous digital architecture: a "Big Other" operating in the interests of surveillance capital. Here is the crucible of an unprecedented form of power marked by extreme concentrations of knowledge and free from democratic oversight. Zuboff's comprehensive and moving analysis lays bare the threats to twenty-first century society: a controlled "hive" of total connection that seduces with promises of total certainty for maximum profit -- at the expense of democracy, freedom, and our human future. With little resistance from law or society, surveillance capitalism is on the verge of dominating the social order and shaping the digital future -- if we let it.

Prototype Politics

Prototype Politics
Author: Daniel Kreiss
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-06-01
ISBN 10: 0199350264
ISBN 13: 9780199350261
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prototype Politics Book Review:

Given the advanced state of digital technology and social media, one would think that the Democratic and Republican Parties would be reasonably well-matched in terms of their technology uptake and sophistication. But as past presidential campaigns have shown, this is not the case. So what explains this odd disparity? Political scientists have shown that Republicans effectively used the strategy of party building and networking to gain campaign and electoral advantage throughout the twentieth century. In Prototype Politics, Daniel Kreiss argues that contemporary campaigning has entered a new technology-intensive era that the Democratic Party has engaged to not only gain traction against the Republicans, but to shape the new electoral context and define what electoral participation means in the twenty-first century. Prototype Politics provides an analytical framework for understanding why and how campaigns are newly "technology-intensive," and why digital media, data, and analytics are at the forefront of contemporary electoral dynamics. The book discusses the importance of infrastructure, the contexts within which technological innovation happens, and how the collective making of prototypes shapes parties and their technological futures. Drawing on an analysis of the careers of 629 presidential campaign staffers from 2004-2012, as well as interviews with party elites on both sides of the aisle, Prototype Politics details how and why the Democrats invested more in technology, were able to attract staffers with specialized expertise to work in electoral politics, and founded an array of firms to diffuse technological innovations down ballot and across election cycles. Taken together, this book shows how the differences between the major party campaigns on display in 2012 were shaped by their institutional histories since 2004, as well as that of their extended network of allied organizations. In the process, this book argues that scholars need to understand how technological development around politics happens in time and how the dynamics on display during presidential cycles are the outcome of longer processes.

Open Data Exposed

Open Data Exposed
Author: Bastiaan van Loenen,Glenn Vancauwenberghe,Joep Crompvoets
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-10-25
ISBN 10: 9462652619
ISBN 13: 9789462652613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Open Data Exposed Book Review:

The main objectives of this book are to expose key aspects that have a relevance when dealing with open data viewed from different perspectives and to provide appealing examples of how open data is implemented worldwide. The concept of open data as we know it today is the result of many different initiatives, both of a legislative and non-legislative nature, and promoted by a wide range of actors. Numerous regulatory antecedents to foster the concept of open data and embed it in national and international policy agendas have been undertaken on both sides of the Atlantic, as well as at a supranational level. The book highlights a number of the efforts made to promote open data in Europe, Asia and the United States. In addition to new insights, practical guidance and multiple disciplinary perspectives on open data, the book also addresses the transformation of current developments towards open data, which may be referred to as the democratisation of data. This book will support open data practitioners as well as open data scholars in their endeavours to promote open data implementation and research. Bastiaan van Loenen is associate professor and director of the Knowledge Centre Open Data at the Faculty of Architecture and The Built Environment of Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, as is Glenn Vancauwenberghe, who is a post-doctoral researcher, and Joep Crompvoets is a professor at the Public Governance Institute of the KU Leuven in Belgium.

E Democracy for Smart Cities

E Democracy for Smart Cities
Author: T.M. Vinod Kumar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 551
Release: 2017-05-16
ISBN 10: 9811040354
ISBN 13: 9789811040351
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

E Democracy for Smart Cities Book Review:

This book highlights the rightful role of citizens as per the constitution of the country for participation in Governance of a smart city using electronic means such as high speed fiber optic networks, the internet, and mobile computing as well as Internet of Things that have the ability to transform the dominant role of citizens and technology in smart cities. These technologies can transform the way in which business is conducted, the interaction of interface with citizens and academic institutions, and improve interactions between business, industry, and city government.

Panel Data Econometrics with R

Panel Data Econometrics with R
Author: Yves Croissant,Giovanni Millo
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2018-10-22
ISBN 10: 1118949161
ISBN 13: 9781118949160
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Panel Data Econometrics with R Book Review:

1 Introduction 5 1.1 Panel data econometrics: a gentle introduction 5 1.1.1 Eliminating unobserved components 6 1.2 R for econometric computing 11 1.2.1 The modus operandi of R 12 1.2.2 Data management 13 1.3 plm for the casual R user 14 1.3.1 R for the matrix language user 14 1.3.2 R for the user of econometric packages 16 1.4 plm for the procient R user 18 1.4.1 Reproducibile econometric work 18 1.4.2 Object-orientation for the user 19 1.5 plm for the R developer 20 1.5.1 Object orientation for development 21 1.6 Notations 24 2 The error component model 31 2.1 Notations and hypotheses 31 2.1.1 Notations 31 2.1.2 Some useful transformations 32 2.1.3 Hypotheses concerning the errors 34 2.2 Ordinary least squares estimators 36 2.2.1 Ordinary least squares on the raw data: the pooling model 36 2.2.2 The between estimator 38 2.2.3 The within estimator 39 2.3 The generalized least squares estimator 44 2.3.1 Presentation of the gls estimator 44 2.3.2 Estimation of the variances of the components of the error 46 2.4 Comparison of the estimators 51 2.4.1 Relations between the estimators 51 2.4.2 Comparison of the variances 52 2.4.3 Fixed vs random eects 53 2.4.4 Some simple linear model examples 55 2.5 The two-ways error components model 60 2.5.1 Error components in the two-ways model 60 2.5.2 Fixed and random eects models 61 2.6 Estimation of a wage equation 62 3 Advanced error components models 67 3.1 Unbalanced panels 67 3.1.1 Individual eects model 67 3.1.2 Two-ways error component model 69 3.1.3 Estimation of the components of the error variance 73 3.2 Seemingly unrelated regression equations 80 3.2.1 Introduction 80 3.2.2 Constrained least squares 81 3.2.3 Inter-equations correlation 82 3.2.4 SUR with panel data 83 3.3 The maximum likelihood estimator 88 3.3.1 Derivation of the likelihood function 89 3.3.2 Computation of the estimator 90 3.4 The nested error components model 92 3.4.1 Presentation of the model 92 3.4.2 Estimation of the variance of the error components 93 4 Tests on error component models 101 4.1 Tests on individual and/of time eects 102 4.1.1 F tests 102 4.1.2 Breusch-Pagan tests 102 4.2 Tests for correlated eects 107 4.2.1 The Mundlak approach 108 4.2.2 Hausman's test 109 4.2.3 Chamberlain's approach 110 4.3 Tests for serial correlation 115 4.3.1 Unobserved eects test 116 4.3.2 Score test of serial correlation and/or individual eects 117 4.3.3 Likelihood Ratio tests for ar(1) and individual eects 120 4.3.4 Applying traditional serial correlation tests to panel data 122 4.3.5 Wald tests for serial correlation 124 4.4 Tests for cross-sectional dependence 126 4.4.1 Pairwise correlation coe-cients 126 4.4.2 cd -type tests for cross-sectional dependence 127 4.4.3 Testing cross-sectional dependence in a pseries 129 5 Robust inference and estimation 133 5.1 Robust inference 133 5.1.1 Robust covariance estimators 134 5.1.2 plm and generic sandwich estimators 145 5.1.3 Robust testing of linear hypotheses 150 5.2 Unrestricted generalized least squares 154 5.2.1 General feasible generalized least squares 155 5.2.2 Applied examples 160 6 Endogeneity 167 6.1 Introduction 167 6.2 The instrumental variables estimator 168 6.2.1 Generalities about the instrumental variables estimator 168 6.2.2 The within instrumental variables estimator 170 6.3 Error components instrumental variables estimator 173 6.3.1 The general model 173 6.3.2 Special cases of the general model 176 6.4 Estimation of a system of equations 186 6.4.1 The three stage least squares estimator 186 6.4.2 The error components three stage least squares estimator 188 6.5 More empirical examples 191 7 Estimation of a dynamic model 193 7.1 Dynamic model and endogeneity 195 7.1.1 The bias of the ols estimator 195 7.1.2 The within estimator 197 7.1.3 Consistent estimation methods for dynamic models 198 7.2 gmm estimation of the dierenced model 201 7.2.1 Instrumental variables

Targeted

Targeted
Author: Brittany Kaiser
Publsiher: HarperCollins
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-10-22
ISBN 10: 0062965808
ISBN 13: 9780062965806
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Targeted Book Review:

In this explosive memoir, a political consultant and technology whistleblower reveals the disturbing truth about the multi-billion-dollar data industry, revealing to the public how companies are getting richer using our personal information and exposing how Cambridge Analytica exploited weaknesses in privacy laws to help elect Donald Trump—and how this could easily happen again in the 2020 presidential election. When Brittany Kaiser joined Cambridge Analytica—the UK-based political consulting firm funded by conservative billionaire and Donald Trump patron Robert Mercer—she was an idealistic young professional working on her fourth degree in human rights law and international relations. A veteran of Barack Obama’s 2008 campaign, Kaiser’s goal was to utilize data for humanitarian purposes, most notably to prevent genocide and human rights abuses. But her experience inside Cambridge Analytica opened her eyes to the tremendous risks that this unregulated industry poses to privacy and democracy. Targeted is Kaiser’s eyewitness chronicle of the dramatic and disturbing story of the rise and fall of Cambridge Analytica. She reveals to the public how Facebook’s lax policies and lack of sufficient national laws allowed voters to be manipulated in both Britain and the United States, where personal data was weaponized to spread fake news and racist messaging during the Brexit vote and the 2016 election. But the damage isn’t done Kaiser warns; the 2020 election can be compromised as well if we continue to do nothing. In the aftermath of the U.S. election, as she became aware of the horrifying reality of what Cambridge Analytica had done in support of Donald Trump, Kaiser made the difficult choice to expose the truth. Risking her career, relationships, and personal safety, she told authorities about the data industry’s unethical business practices, eventually testifying before Parliament about the company’s Brexit efforts and helping Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election, alongside at least 10 other international investigations. Packed with never-before-publicly-told stories and insights, Targeted goes inside the secretive meetings with Trump campaign personnel and details the promises Cambridge Analytica made to win. Throughout, Kaiser makes the case for regulation, arguing that legal oversight of the data industry is not only justifiable but essential to ensuring the long-term safety of our democracy. Targeted includes 20-30 photos.

Democracy Lives in Darkness

Democracy Lives in Darkness
Author: Emily Van Duyn
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-17
ISBN 10: 019755704X
ISBN 13: 9780197557044
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy Lives in Darkness Book Review:

Republicans and Democrats increasingly distrust, avoid, and wish harm upon those from the opposing party. They also increasingly reside among like-minded individuals and belong to social groups that share their political beliefs. While these factors can make it difficult to express a dissenting political opinion, digital and social media have given people new spaces for political discourse and community, and more control over who knows--and does not know--their political beliefs. In Democracy Lives in Darkness, Emily Van Duyn looks at how these changes in the political and media landscape affect democracy. Van Duyn discovers and follows a secret political organization of progressive women in a conservative community in rural Texas. Its members, a mixture of real estate agents, school teachers, business owners, and retired grandmothers, met in secret to protect themselves from social, economic, and even physical retaliation by their conservative neighbors, friends, and family. They discussed immigrant rights, women's reproductive rights, racism, and intolerance of those of different racial/ethnic and cultural backgrounds in their community. Democracy Lives in Darkness is about this group: their daily lives, their choices, and ultimately, their incubation. But it is also about what led them to meet in secret--the political prejudice and hostility that marginalizes and makes people afraid, and the growing political, social, and geographic cleavages that now make even mainstream dissent dangerous. Importantly, Van Duyn asks why mainstream partisans feel the need to hide their political beliefs from others, why they feel afraid of those from the opposite party, how they stay politically engaged in secret, and how this can transform them and their communities. The book challenges those who study democratic life to look beyond public political behavior and those who study big data and machine learning to consider the unique and meaningful qualities of studying the individual in context. Van Duyn challenges the assumption that the United States is a liberal democracy where ideas can be expressed freely and publicly. Rather, she suggests that democracy in the United States may exist in darkness, but, more optimistically, that it uses this darkness to move forward.

Data Protection and Privacy

Data Protection and Privacy
Author: Dara Hallinan,Ronald Leenes,Serge Gutwirth,Paul de Hert
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-01-23
ISBN 10: 1509932755
ISBN 13: 9781509932757
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Protection and Privacy Book Review:

The subjects of this volume are more relevant than ever, especially in light of the raft of electoral scandals concerning voter profiling. This volume brings together papers that offer conceptual analyses, highlight issues, propose solutions, and discuss practices regarding privacy and data protection. It is one of the results of the twelfth annual International Conference on Computers, Privacy and Data Protection, CPDP, held in Brussels in January 2019. The book explores the following topics: dataset nutrition labels, lifelogging and privacy by design, data protection iconography, the substance and essence of the right to data protection, public registers and data protection, modelling and verification in data protection impact assessments, examination scripts and data protection law in Cameroon, the protection of children's digital rights in the GDPR, the concept of the scope of risk in the GDPR and the ePrivacy Regulation. This interdisciplinary book has been written at a time when the scale and impact of data processing on society – not only on individuals, but also on social systems – is becoming ever starker. It discusses open issues as well as daring and prospective approaches, and will serve as an insightful resource for readers with an interest in computers, privacy and data protection.

Future Politics

Future Politics
Author: Jamie Susskind
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2018-09-12
ISBN 10: 0192559508
ISBN 13: 9780192559500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Future Politics Book Review:

Politics in the Twentieth Century was dominated by a single question: how much of our collective life should be determined by the state, and what should be left to the market and civil society? Now the debate is different: to what extent should our lives be directed and controlled by powerful digital systems - and on what terms? Digital technologies - from artificial intelligence to blockchain, from robotics to virtual reality - are transforming the way we live together. Those who control the most powerful technologies are increasingly able to control the rest of us. As time goes on, these powerful entities - usually big tech firms and the state - will set the limits of our liberty, decreeing what may be done and what is forbidden. Their algorithms will determine vital questions of social justice. In their hands, democracy will flourish or decay. A landmark work of political theory, Future Politics challenges readers to rethink what it means to be free or equal, what it means to have power or property, and what it means for a political system to be just or democratic. In a time of rapid and relentless changes, it is a book about how we can - and must - regain control. Winner of the Estoril Global Issues Distinguished Book Prize.