Data Democracy

Data Democracy
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-01-28
ISBN 10: 9780128183663
ISBN 13: 0128183667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Democracy Book Review:

This book provides a manifesto to data democracy. After reading the chapters of this book, you are informed and suitably warned! You are already part of the data republic, and you (and all of us) need to ensure that our data fall in the right hands. Everything you click, buy, swipe, try, sell, drive, or fly is a data point. But who owns the data? At this point, not you! You do not even have access to most of it. The next best empire of our planet is one who owns and controls the world's best dataset. If you consume or create data, if you are a citizen of the data republic (willingly or grudgingly), and if you are interested in making a decision or finding the truth through data-driven analysis, this book is for you. A group of experts, academics, data science researchers, and industry practitioners gathered to write this manifesto about data democracy. - The future of the data republic, life within a data democracy, and our digital freedoms. - An in-depth analysis of open science, open data, open source software, and their future challenges. - A comprehensive review of data democracy's implications within domains such as: healthcare, space exploration, earth sciences, business, and psychology. - The democratization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and data issues such as: bias, imbalance, context, and knowledge extraction. - A systematic review of AI methods applied to software engineering problems.

Data versus Democracy

Data versus Democracy
Author: Kris Shaffer
Publsiher: Apress
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2019-07-02
ISBN 10: 1484245407
ISBN 13: 9781484245408
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data versus Democracy Book Review:

Human attention is in the highest demand it has ever been. The drastic increase in available information has compelled individuals to find a way to sift through the media that is literally at their fingertips. Content recommendation systems have emerged as the technological solution to this social and informational problem, but they’ve also created a bigger crisis in confirming our biases by showing us only, and exactly, what it predicts we want to see. Data versus Democracy investigates and explores how, in the era of social media, human cognition, algorithmic recommendation systems, and human psychology are all working together to reinforce (and exaggerate) human bias. The dangerous confluence of these factors is driving media narratives, influencing opinions, and possibly changing election results. In this book, algorithmic recommendations, clickbait, familiarity bias, propaganda, and other pivotal concepts are analyzed and then expanded upon via fascinating and timely case studies: the 2016 US presidential election, Ferguson, GamerGate, international political movements, and more events that come to affect every one of us. What are the implications of how we engage with information in the digital age? Data versus Democracy explores this topic and an abundance of related crucial questions. We live in a culture vastly different from any that has come before. In a society where engagement is currency, we are the product. Understanding the value of our attention, how organizations operate based on this concept, and how engagement can be used against our best interests is essential in responsibly equipping ourselves against the perils of disinformation. Who This Book Is For Individuals who are curious about how social media algorithms work and how they can be manipulated to influence culture. Social media managers, data scientists, data administrators, and educators will find this book particularly relevant to their work.

Data Democracy

Data Democracy
Author: Feras A. Batarseh,Ruixin Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-01-21
ISBN 10: 0128189398
ISBN 13: 9780128189399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Democracy Book Review:

Data Democracy: At the Nexus of Artificial Intelligence, Software Development, and Knowledge Engineering provides a manifesto to data democracy. After reading the chapters of this book, you are informed and suitably warned! You are already part of the data republic, and you (and all of us) need to ensure that our data fall in the right hands. Everything you click, buy, swipe, try, sell, drive, or fly is a data point. But who owns the data? At this point, not you! You do not even have access to most of it. The next best empire of our planet is one who owns and controls the world’s best dataset. If you consume or create data, if you are a citizen of the data republic (willingly or grudgingly), and if you are interested in making a decision or finding the truth through data-driven analysis, this book is for you. A group of experts, academics, data science researchers, and industry practitioners gathered to write this manifesto about data democracy. The future of the data republic, life within a data democracy, and our digital freedoms An in-depth analysis of open science, open data, open source software, and their future challenges A comprehensive review of data democracy's implications within domains such as: healthcare, space exploration, earth sciences, business, and psychology The democratization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and data issues such as: Bias, imbalance, context, and knowledge extraction A systematic review of AI methods applied to software engineering problems

Big Data and Democracy

Big Data and Democracy
Author: Kevin Macnish,Jai Galliott
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-06-30
ISBN 10: 9781474463522
ISBN 13: 1474463525
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data and Democracy Book Review:

What's wrong with targeted advertising in political campaigns? Are echo chambers a matter of genuine concern? How does data collection impact on trust in society? As decision-making becomes increasingly automated, how can decision-makers be held to account? This collection consider potential solutions to these challenges.

From Dissent to Democracy

From Dissent to Democracy
Author: Jonathan C. Pinckney
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 0190097302
ISBN 13: 9780190097301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Dissent to Democracy Book Review:

"Under what conditions will successful nonviolent revolutions lead to democratization? While the scholarly literature has shown that nonviolent resistance has a positive effect on a country's level of democracy, little research to date has disaggregated this population to explain which cases of successful nonviolent resistance lead to democracy and which do not. This book presents a theory of democratization in transitions initiated by nonviolent resistance based on the successful resolution of two central strategic challenges: maintaining high transitional mobilization and avoiding institutionally destructive maximalism. I test the theory first on a dataset of every transition from authoritarian rule in the post-World War II period and second with three in-depth case studies informed by interviews with key decision-makers in Nepal, Zambia, and Brazil. The testing supports the importance of high mobilization and low maximalism. Both have strong, consistent effects on democratization after nonviolent resistance"--

Enough of Experts

Enough of Experts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1052416295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enough of Experts Book Review:

Micro Democracy

Micro Democracy
Author: Aaron Ran
Publsiher: Xiao Song Ran
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2020-07-04
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: PKEY:6610000264698
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro Democracy Book Review:

Micro democracy is a scientific, revolutionary and executable total solution to implement true democracy which maximizes social utility and social justice. Theories, system designs, action plans, roadmap are all in this book, for people to build a new world. It originated from the idea of direct democracy, and deeply optimized and reformed with the help of information technology. It achieves a perfect balance between social justice, decision-making efficiency, and quality. On this basis, a complete superstructure is established, including human rights, laws, and government. With it, people will be able to overthrow the existing political system entirely and create a governance platform that enables the self-evolution and peaceful development of civilization. In addition to theoretical analysis, this book also provides actionable implementation plans and roadmaps so that people can immediately begin to practice and create this new political system. Also, the book proposed a general quantitative model for the assessment of the democratic level of states and regimes, helping people to study the political characteristics of various countries objectively.

Presidentialism Violence and the Prospect of Democracy

Presidentialism  Violence  and the Prospect of Democracy
Author: Yao-Yuan Yeh,Charles K S Wu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2021-02-15
ISBN 10: 1498524311
ISBN 13: 9781498524315
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Presidentialism Violence and the Prospect of Democracy Book Review:

This book tackles the perennial debate about whether presidentialism is associated with democratic breakdown. We find evidence that presidentialism could contribute instabilities to a democratic system, though it does not directly follow that those instabilities will trigger a democratic breakdown.

Rural Democracy

Rural Democracy
Author: Robin Harding
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-02
ISBN 10: 0198851073
ISBN 13: 9780198851073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rural Democracy Book Review:

How have African rulers responded to the introduction of democratic electoral competition? Despite the broadly negative picture painted by the prevailing focus on electoral fraud, clientelism, and ethnic conflict, the book argues that the full story is somewhat more promising. While these unfortunate practices may be widespread, African rulers also seek to win votes through the provision and distribution of public goods and services. The author's central argument is that in predominantly rural countries the introduction of competitive elections leads governments to implement pro-rural policies, in order to win the votes of the rural majority. As a result, across much of Africa the benefits of democratic electoral competition have accrued primarily in terms of rural development. This broad claim is supported by cross-national evidence, both from public opinion surveys and from individual level data on health and education outcomes. The argument's core assumptions about voting behavior are supported with quantitative evidence from Ghana, and qualitative historical evidence from Botswana presents further evidence for the underlying theoretical mechanism. Taken together, this body of evidence provides reasons to be optimistic about the operation of electoral accountability in Africa. African governments are responding to the accountability structures provided by electoral competition; in that sense, democracy in Africa is working. Oxford Studies in African Politics and International Relations is a series for scholars and students working on African politics and International Relations and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on contemporary developments in African political science, political economy, and International Relations, such as electoral politics, democratization, decentralization, the political impact of natural resources, the dynamics and consequences of conflict, and the nature of the continent's engagement with the East and West. Comparative and mixed methods work is particularly encouraged. Case studies are welcomed but should demonstrate the broader theoretical and empirical implications of the study and its wider relevance to contemporary debates. The series focuses on sub-Saharan Africa, although proposals that explain how the region engages with North Africa and other parts of the world are of interest. Series Editors: Nic Cheeseman, Professor of Democracy and International Development, University of Birmingham; and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira, Professor of the International Politics of Africa, University of Oxford.

Data Dictatorship and Data Democracy

Data Dictatorship and Data Democracy
Author: Anthony Kelly,Christopher Downey,Willeke Rietdijk,CfBT Education Trust,University of Southampton. School of Education
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 41
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9781907496219
ISBN 13: 1907496211
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Dictatorship and Data Democracy Book Review:

Data Protection and Privacy

Data Protection and Privacy
Author: Dara Hallinan,Ronald Leenes,Serge Gutwirth,Paul De Hert
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-01-23
ISBN 10: 1509932755
ISBN 13: 9781509932757
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Protection and Privacy Book Review:

The subjects of this volume are more relevant than ever, especially in light of the raft of electoral scandals concerning voter profiling. This volume brings together papers that offer conceptual analyses, highlight issues, propose solutions, and discuss practices regarding privacy and data protection. It is one of the results of the twelfth annual International Conference on Computers, Privacy and Data Protection, CPDP, held in Brussels in January 2019. The book explores the following topics: dataset nutrition labels, lifelogging and privacy by design, data protection iconography, the substance and essence of the right to data protection, public registers and data protection, modelling and verification in data protection impact assessments, examination scripts and data protection law in Cameroon, the protection of children's digital rights in the GDPR, the concept of the scope of risk in the GDPR and the ePrivacy Regulation. This interdisciplinary book has been written at a time when the scale and impact of data processing on society – not only on individuals, but also on social systems – is becoming ever starker. It discusses open issues as well as daring and prospective approaches, and will serve as an insightful resource for readers with an interest in computers, privacy and data protection.

Prototype Politics

Prototype Politics
Author: Daniel Kreiss
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-06-01
ISBN 10: 0199350272
ISBN 13: 9780199350278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prototype Politics Book Review:

Given the advanced state of digital technology and social media, one would think that the Democratic and Republican Parties would be reasonably well-matched in terms of their technology uptake and sophistication. But as past presidential campaigns have shown, this is not the case. So what explains this odd disparity? Political scientists have shown that Republicans effectively used the strategy of party building and networking to gain campaign and electoral advantage throughout the twentieth century. In Prototype Politics, Daniel Kreiss argues that contemporary campaigning has entered a new technology-intensive era that the Democratic Party has engaged to not only gain traction against the Republicans, but to shape the new electoral context and define what electoral participation means in the twenty-first century. Prototype Politics provides an analytical framework for understanding why and how campaigns are newly "technology-intensive," and why digital media, data, and analytics are at the forefront of contemporary electoral dynamics. The book discusses the importance of infrastructure, the contexts within which technological innovation happens, and how the collective making of prototypes shapes parties and their technological futures. Drawing on an analysis of the careers of 629 presidential campaign staffers from 2004-2012, as well as interviews with party elites on both sides of the aisle, Prototype Politics details how and why the Democrats invested more in technology, were able to attract staffers with specialized expertise to work in electoral politics, and founded an array of firms to diffuse technological innovations down ballot and across election cycles. Taken together, this book shows how the differences between the major party campaigns on display in 2012 were shaped by their institutional histories since 2004, as well as that of their extended network of allied organizations. In the process, this book argues that scholars need to understand how technological development around politics happens in time and how the dynamics on display during presidential cycles are the outcome of longer processes.

Big Data Political Campaigning and the Law

Big Data  Political Campaigning and the Law
Author: Normann Witzleb,Moira Paterson,Janice Richardson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2019-12-18
ISBN 10: 1000747395
ISBN 13: 9781000747393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data Political Campaigning and the Law Book Review:

In this multidisciplinary book, experts from around the globe examine how data-driven political campaigning works, what challenges it poses for personal privacy and democracy, and how emerging practices should be regulated. The rise of big data analytics in the political process has triggered official investigations in many countries around the world, and become the subject of broad and intense debate. Political parties increasingly rely on data analytics to profile the electorate and to target specific voter groups with individualised messages based on their demographic attributes. Political micro-targeting has become a major factor in modern campaigning, because of its potential to influence opinions, to mobilise supporters and to get out votes. The book explores the legal, philosophical and political dimensions of big data analytics in the electoral process. It demonstrates that the unregulated use of big personal data for political purposes not only infringes voters’ privacy rights, but also has the potential to jeopardise the future of the democratic process, and proposes reforms to address the key regulatory and ethical questions arising from the mining, use and storage of massive amounts of voter data. Providing an interdisciplinary assessment of the use and regulation of big data in the political process, this book will appeal to scholars from law, political science, political philosophy and media studies, policy makers and anyone who cares about democracy in the age of data-driven political campaigning.

Transatlantic Data Privacy

Transatlantic Data Privacy
Author: KLOZA
Publsiher: Intersentia
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN 10: 9781780684345
ISBN 13: 1780684347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transatlantic Data Privacy Book Review:

I think you are misunderstanding the perceived problem here, Mr President. No one is saying that you broke any laws. We are just saying it is a little bit weird that you did not have to.--John Oliver, The Daily Show, June 10, 2013***John Oliver formulated in this context the very question about the limits, about the use and abuse, of the law and of the state's power when it comes to global mass surveillance practices. Where does lie the 'thin red line' between the two legitimate yet seemingly competing interests: national security and privacy? [.]The result we present to the reader might seem merely another book about the Snowden affaire and the fall of Safe Harbor, but these two have been (only) an inspiration. Our object of interest is the protection of data privacy in relations between Europe and Americas as a challenge for democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights. [.] The present book is very clearly an anthology - it is a compilation of diverse contributions, from different perspectives, within a broad topic. Our aim with this volume is to highlight a selection of particularly 'hot' questions within the topic of trans-Atlantic data privacy relations as they look at the end of 2016. [.] In the final chapter, we draw out and highlight those themes we see emerging within the body of this work. We eventually attempt to suggest a few lessons de lege ferenda.--From the Preface by the editors (Series: European Integration and Democracy, Vol. 4) [Subject: Public Law, Privacy Law, Politics]

The Death of Content As King

The Death of Content As King
Author: Jon Hinderliter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2020-12-17
ISBN 10: 9781943226542
ISBN 13: 1943226547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Death of Content As King Book Review:

The Death of Content as King is a methodically researched guide that helps you embrace data, not as the new king, but as the voice and vote.

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism
Author: Shoshana Zuboff
Publsiher: PublicAffairs
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2019-01-15
ISBN 10: 1610395700
ISBN 13: 9781610395700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism Book Review:

The challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, the first detailed examination of the unprecedented form of power called "surveillance capitalism," and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behavior. In this masterwork of original thinking and research, Shoshana Zuboff provides startling insights into the phenomenon that she has named surveillance capitalism. The stakes could not be higher: a global architecture of behavior modification threatens human nature in the twenty-first century just as industrial capitalism disfigured the natural world in the twentieth. Zuboff vividly brings to life the consequences as surveillance capitalism advances from Silicon Valley into every economic sector. Vast wealth and power are accumulated in ominous new "behavioral futures markets," where predictions about our behavior are bought and sold, and the production of goods and services is subordinated to a new "means of behavioral modification." The threat has shifted from a totalitarian Big Brother state to a ubiquitous digital architecture: a "Big Other" operating in the interests of surveillance capital. Here is the crucible of an unprecedented form of power marked by extreme concentrations of knowledge and free from democratic oversight. Zuboff's comprehensive and moving analysis lays bare the threats to twenty-first century society: a controlled "hive" of total connection that seduces with promises of total certainty for maximum profit--at the expense of democracy, freedom, and our human future. With little resistance from law or society, surveillance capitalism is on the verge of dominating the social order and shaping the digital future--if we let it.

Linked Democracy

Linked Democracy
Author: Marta Poblet
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2019-01-01
ISBN 10: 303013363X
ISBN 13: 9783030133634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Linked Democracy Book Review:

This open access book shows the factors linking information flow, social intelligence, rights management and modelling with epistemic democracy, offering licensed linked data along with information about the rights involved. This model of democracy for the web of data brings new challenges for the social organisation of knowledge, collective innovation, and the coordination of actions. Licensed linked data, licensed linguistic linked data, right expression languages, semantic web regulatory models, electronic institutions, artificial socio-cognitive systems are examples of regulatory and institutional design (regulations by design). The web has been massively populated with both data and services, and semantically structured data, the linked data cloud, facilitates and fosters human-machine interaction. Linked data aims to create ecosystems to make it possible to browse, discover, exploit and reuse data sets for applications. Rights Expression Languages semi-automatically regulate the use and reuse of content.

The Machinery of Industrial Democracy

The Machinery of Industrial Democracy
Author: Incomes Data Services
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 66
Release: 1977
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UVA:X000066699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Machinery of Industrial Democracy Book Review:

Democracy s Detectives

Democracy   s Detectives
Author: James T. Hamilton
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2016-10-10
ISBN 10: 0674545508
ISBN 13: 9780674545502
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy s Detectives Book Review:

Investigative journalism holds democracies and individuals accountable to the public. But important stories are going untold as news outlets shy away from the expense of watchdog reporting. Computational journalism, using digital records and data-mining algorithms, promises to lower the cost and increase demand among readers, James Hamilton shows.

The Datafication of Education

The Datafication of Education
Author: Juliane Jarke,Andreas Breiter
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2020-06-30
ISBN 10: 100068296X
ISBN 13: 9781000682960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Datafication of Education Book Review:

This book attends to the transformation of processes and practices in education, relating to its increasing digitisation and datafication. The introduction of new means to measure, capture, describe and represent social life in numbers has not only transformed the ways in which teaching and learning are organised, but also the ways in which future generations (will) construct reality with and through data. Contributions consider data practices that span across different countries, educational fields and governance levels, ranging from early childhood education, to schools, universities, educational technology providers, to educational policy making and governance. The book demonstrates how digital data not only support decision making, but also fundamentally change the organisation of learning and teaching, and how these transformation processes can have partly ambivalent consequences, such as new possibilities for participation, but also the monitoring and emergence/manifestation of inequalities. Focusing on how data can drive decision making in education and learning, this book will be of interest to those studying both educational technology and educational policy making. The chapters in this book were originally published in Learning, Media and Technology. Chapter 4 is available Open Access at https://www.routledge.com/products/9780367357191.