Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions
Author: Carla Guerriero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2019-12-11
ISBN 10: 0128129360
ISBN 13: 9780128129364
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions Book Review:

Cost-benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions clearly articulates the core principles and fundamental methodologies underpinning the modern economic assessment of environmental intervention on human health. Taking a practical approach, the book provides a step-by-step approach to assigning a monetary value to the health benefits and disbenefits arising from interventions, using environmental information and epidemiological evidence. It summarizes environmental risk factors and explores how to interpret and understand epidemiological data using concentration-response, exposure-response or dose-response techniques, explaining the environmental interventions available for each environmental risk factor. It evaluates in detail two of the most challenging stages of Cost-Benefit Analysis in ‘discounting’ and ‘accounting for uncertainty’. Further chapters describe how to analyze and critique results, evaluate potential alternatives to Cost-Benefit Analysis, and on how to engage with stakeholders to communicate the results of Cost-Benefit Analysis. The book includes a detailed case study how to conduct a Cost-Benefit Analysis. It is supported by an online website providing solution files and detailing the design of models using Excel. Provides a clear understanding of the core theory of cost-benefit analysis in environmental health interventions Provides practical guidance using real-world case studies to motivate and expand understanding Describes the challenging ‘discounting’ and ‘accounting for uncertainty’ problems at chapter length Supported by a practical case study, online solution files, and a practical guide to the design of CBA models using Excel

Cost benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions

Cost benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions
Author: C. Guerriero
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:899695610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions Book Review:

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Further Developments and Policy Use

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Further Developments and Policy Use
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2018-06-25
ISBN 10: 9264085165
ISBN 13: 9789264085169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Further Developments and Policy Use Book Review:

This book explores recent developments in environmental cost-benefit analysis (CBA). This is defined as the application of CBA to projects or policies that have the deliberate aim of environmental improvement or are actions that affect, in some way, the natural environment as an indirect consequence

Making Choices in Health

Making Choices in Health
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9789241546010
ISBN 13: 9241546018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Making Choices in Health Book Review:

"The Guide, in Part I, begins with a brief description of generalized CEA and how it relates to the two questions raised above. It then considers issues relating to study design, estimating costs, assessing health effects, discounting, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, and reporting results. Detailed discussions of selected technical issues and applications are provided in a series of background papers, originally published in journals, but included in this book for easy reference in Part II." (from the back cover).

Benefit cost Analysis in Environmental Health and Safety Regulation

Benefit cost Analysis in Environmental  Health  and Safety Regulation
Author: Kenneth Joseph Arrow,American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
Publsiher: A E I Press
Total Pages: 18
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105019227458
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Benefit cost Analysis in Environmental Health and Safety Regulation Book Review:

This primer highlights both the strengths and the limitations of benefit-cost analysis in the development, design, and implementation of regulatory reform.

Cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine
Author: Marthe R. Gold,Joanna E. Siegel,Louise B. Russell,Milton C. Weinstein
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 1996-07-18
ISBN 10: 0199880425
ISBN 13: 9780199880423
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine Book Review:

A unique, in-depth discussion of the uses and conduct of cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) as decision-making aids in the health and medical fields, this volume is the product of over two years of comprehensive research and deliberation by a multi-disciplinary panel of economists, ethicists, psychometricians, and clinicians. Exploring cost-effectiveness in the context of societal decision-making for resource allocation purposes, this volume proposes that analysts include a "reference-case" analysis in all CEAs designed to inform resource allocation and puts forth the most explicit set of guidelines (together with their rationale) ever defined on the conduct of CEAs. Important theoretical and practical issues encountered in measuring costs and effectiveness, evaluating outcomes, discounting, and dealing with uncertainty are examined in separate chapters. Additional chapters on framing and reporting of CEAs elucidate the purpose of the analysis and the effective communication of its findings. Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine differs from the available literature in several key aspects. Most importantly, it represents a consensus on standard methods--a feature integral to a CEA, whose principal goal is to permit comparisons of the costs and health outcomes of alternative ways of improving health. The detailed level at which the discussion is offered is another major distinction of this book, since guidelines in journal literature and in CEA-related books tend to be rather general--to the extent that the analyst is left with little guidance on specific matters. The focused overview of the theoretical background underlying areas of controversy and of methodological alternatives, and, finally, the accessible writing style make this volume a top choice on the reading lists of analysts in medicine and public health who wish to improve practice and comparability of CEAs. The book will also appeal to decision-makers in government, managed care, and industry who wish to consider the uses and limitations of CEAs.

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 7

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 7
Author: Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent,Olive Kobusingye,Kirk R. Smith
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-10-27
ISBN 10: 1464805237
ISBN 13: 9781464805233
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 7 Book Review:

The substantial burden of death and disability that results from interpersonal violence, road traffic injuries, unintentional injuries, occupational health risks, air pollution, climate change, and inadequate water and sanitation falls disproportionally on low- and middle-income countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health addresses the risk factors and presents updated data on the burden, as well as economic analyses of platforms and packages for delivering cost-effective and feasible interventions in these settings. The volume's contributors demonstrate that implementation of a range of prevention strategies-presented in an essential package of interventions and policies-could achieve a convergence in death and disability rates that would avert more than 7.5 million deaths a year.

Environmental Health Costs in Colombia

Environmental Health Costs in Colombia
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1066384028
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Health Costs in Colombia Book Review:

Applied Methods of Cost Benefit Analysis in Health Care

Applied Methods of Cost Benefit Analysis in Health Care
Author: Emma McIntosh
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 267
Release: 2010-06-24
ISBN 10: 0199237123
ISBN 13: 9780199237128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Methods of Cost Benefit Analysis in Health Care Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive set of instructions and examples of how to perform a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of a health intervention, with a particular focus on the use of stated preference survey methods to identify consumer preference data and the use of recent developments in cost-effectiveness analysis within a CBA framework.

The Globalization of Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

The Globalization of Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy
Author: Michael A. Livermore,Richard L. Revesz
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2013-01-07
ISBN 10: 0199324115
ISBN 13: 9780199324118
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Globalization of Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy Book Review:

Cost-benefit analysis -- the formal estimating and weighing of the costs and benefits of policy alternatives -- is a standard tool for governments in advanced economies. Through decades of research and innovation, institutions have developed in the United States, European Union, and other developed countries that examine and weigh policy alternatives as an aid to governmental decisionmaking. Lawmakers in the advanced economies have used cost-benefit analysis to evaluate core environmental and public health questions, such as urban air pollution control, water quality, and occupational safety. Yet despite its broad adoption in the industrialized world, most developing and emerging countries have not yet incorporated cost-benefit analysis into their policymaking process. Because these countries face significant limitations on financial resources and have less ability to shoulder inefficient rules, it is extremely important for their officials to determine which policies maximize net benefits for their societies. The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy examines how cost-benefit analysis can help developing and emerging countries confront the next generation of environmental and public-health challenges. Analysis in the book examines the growing reach of cost-benefit analysis; presents relevant case studies where cost-benefit analysis has been incorporated in the Americas, Africa, Middle East, and Asia; and includes a discussion on the conceptual and institutional issues that must be addressed when adopting cost-benefit analysis in developing and emerging countries. In part because governments in developing and emerging countries have not extensively used cost-benefit analysis, there has been only limited research and discussion of the practice and its potential. Most work that has been done is on the domestic or regional level, and has not been widely shared or distributed within the international academic or policy community. By providing both theoretical and practical discussion of this important new tool, this book makes a valuable contribution to the fields of environmental policy, development studies, and environmental law.

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9241548622
ISBN 13: 9789241548625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities Book Review:

"This resource book discusses the economic arguments that could (and could not) be put forth to support the case for investing in the social determinants of health on average and in the reduction in socially determined health inequalities. It provides an overview and introduction into how economists would approach the assessment of the economic motivation to invest in the social determinants of health and socially determined health inequities, including what the major challenges are in this assessment. It illustrates the extent to which an economic argument can be made in favour of investment in 3 major social determinants of health areas: education, social protection, and urban development and infrastructure. It describes whether education policy, social protection, and urban development, housing and transport policy can act as health policy"--

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries
Author: Dean T. Jamison,Joel G. Breman,Anthony R. Measham,George Alleyne,Mariam Claeson,David B. Evans,Prabhat Jha,Anne Mills,Philip Musgrove
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 1452
Release: 2006-04-02
ISBN 10: 0821361805
ISBN 13: 9780821361801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Book Review:

Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 4

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 4
Author: Vikram Patel,Dan Chisholm,Tarun Dua,Ramanan Laxminarayan,Mari'a Lena Medina-Mora,Theo Vos
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2016-03-10
ISBN 10: 1464804281
ISBN 13: 9781464804281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 4 Book Review:

Mental, neurological, and substance use disorders are common, highly disabling, and associated with significant premature mortality. The impact of these disorders on the social and economic well-being of individuals, families, and societies is large, growing, and underestimated. Despite this burden, these disorders have been systematically neglected, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, with pitifully small contributions to scaling up cost-effective prevention and treatment strategies. Systematically compiling the substantial existing knowledge to address this inequity is the central goal of this volume. This evidence-base can help policy makers in resource-constrained settings as they prioritize programs and interventions to address these disorders.

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change
Author: Martin L. Parry
Publsiher: IIED
Total Pages: 111
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1843697459
ISBN 13: 9781843697459
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change Book Review:

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments
Author: Annette Prüss-Üstün,Jennyfer Wolf,Carlos Corvalán,World Health Organization,Robert Bos,Dr. Maria Neira
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 9241565195
ISBN 13: 9789241565196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments Book Review:

"The main message emerging from this new comprehensive global assessment is that premature death and disease can be prevented through healthier environments--and to a significant degree. Analysing the latest data on the environment-disease nexus and the devastating impact of environmental hazards and risks on global health, backed up by expert opinion, this report covers more than 130 diseases and injuries. The analysis shows that 23% of global deaths (and 26% of deaths among children under five) are due to modifiable environmental factors--and therefore can be prevented. Stroke, ischaemic heart disease, diarrhoea and cancers head the list. People in low-income countries bear the greatest disease burden, with the exception of noncommunicable diseases. The report's unequivocal evidence should add impetus to coordinating global efforts to promote healthy environments--often through well-established, cost-effective interventions. This analysis will inform those who want to better understand the transformational spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals agreed by Heads of State in September 2015. The results of the analysis underscore the pressing importance of stronger intersectoral action to create healthier environments that will contribute to sustainably improving the lives of millions around the world."--Page 4 of cover.

Child Survival and Environmental Health Interventions

Child Survival and Environmental Health Interventions
Author: Robert C. G. Varley,Environmental Health Project,United States. Agency for International Development. Bureau for Global Programs, Field Support, and Research
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 26
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:45800357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Child Survival and Environmental Health Interventions Book Review:

This report argues that environmental health interventions prevent illness by reducing exposure to adverse conditions and by promoting behavioral change. Child morbidity and mortality levels and rates have plateaued after considerable progress over the past 20 years. New environmental hazards in urban areas and demographic changes threaten advances made in the past decades. Environmental health interventions tend not to be included in child survival packages because of assumptions about cost effectiveness or the role of health service providers. Water supply and sanitation were ignored after 1979 due to cost comparisons made by Walsh and Warren (1979). This analysis differs from the Walsh and Warren cost analysis in being limited to health sector costs. This model is described in chapter 1. Chapter 2 describes a framework developed for integrating environmental health interventions with child survival. Chapter 3 discusses the impact and effectiveness of hygiene interventions for controlling childhood diarrhea. Chapter 4 explains some principles of the proposed cost effectiveness model and how costs were estimated. Chapter 5 presents the cost effectiveness results. Chapter 6 draws conclusions and puts forth recommendations. The model assumes that costs of physical hardware and physical infrastructure are not a health sector budget cost. User charges and public health subsidies pay for construction through public works. The indicative cutoff value for cost effectiveness is $150 per disability-adjusted life year. The model is based on the global disease paradigm of Murray and Lopez (1994) and the WDR. It offers guidance on ranking of interventions and determining research priorities. The costs of hygiene are the costs of carrying out ongoing campaigns of hygiene promotion and maintaining contact with target clients. Hygiene was found to be cost-effective in four scenarios in Mexico.

Cleaning Pakistan s Air

Cleaning Pakistan   s Air
Author: Ernesto Sánchez-Triana,Santiago Enriquez,Javaid Afzal,Akiko Nakagawa,Asif Shuja Khan
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-06-26
ISBN 10: 146480236X
ISBN 13: 9781464802362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cleaning Pakistan s Air Book Review:

The extent of urban air pollution in Pakistan—South Asia's most urbanized country—is among the world’s most severe, significantly damaging human health, quality of life, and the economy and environment of Pakistan. The harm from Pakistan's urban air pollution is among the highest in South Asia, exceeding several high-profile causes of mortality and morbidity in Pakistan. Improved air quality management (AQM) in Pakistan can have notable economic and health benefits. For example, the estimated health benefits per dollar spent on cleaner diesel are approximately US $1–1.5 for light-duty diesel vehicles and US $1.5–2.4 for large buses and trucks. This report advocates that Pakistan allocate resources to AQM, because its air quality is severely affecting millions of Pakistanis, and because experiences around the world indicate that interventions can significantly improve air quality. This report details a broad spectrum of research on Pakistan’s AQM challenges, and identifies a comprehensive set of steps to improve air quality. The research presented here underpins the conclusions that addressing Pakistan's urban air pollution requires coordinated interventions to strengthen AQM, build agencies' institutional capacity, bolster AQM's legal and regulatory framework, implement policy reforms and investments, and fill knowledge gaps. However, Pakistan's policy makers face major obstacles, including limited financial, human, and technical resources, and can pursue only a few AQM interventions at the same time. In the short term, Pakistan's AQM should give highest priority to reducing pollutants linked to high morbidity and mortality: PM2.5 (and precursors like SOx and NOx) from mobile sources. A second-level short-term priority could be PM2.5, SOx, and emissions of toxic metals from stationary sources. An important medium-term priority should be mass transportation in major cities, controlling traffic, and restricting private cars during high-pollution episodes. A long-term priority could be taxing hydrocarbons, based on their contribution to greenhouse gases.

Fuel for Life

Fuel for Life
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO
Total Pages: 42
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN 10: 9789241563161
ISBN 13: 9241563168
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel for Life Book Review:

More than three billion people still burn wood, dung, coal and other traditional fuels inside their homes. It is estimated that there are more than 1.5 million deaths a year caused by the effects of indoor smoke from solid fuels, mostly young children and their mothers, whilst millions more suffer with breathing difficulties, stinging eyes and chronic respiratory disease. This publication highlights the importance of addressing this public health problem on economic development and humanitarian grounds, since making cleaner fuels and improved stoves available to millions of poor people in developing countries will help reduce child mortality and improve women's health, as well as tackle poverty and accelerate development progress.

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2006-01-30
ISBN 10: 926401005X
ISBN 13: 9789264010055
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments Book Review:

An in-depth assessment of the most recent conceptual and methodological developments in cost-benefit analysis and the environment.

Evaluation in Health Promotion

Evaluation in Health Promotion
Author: I. Rootman,Michael Goodstadt
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 533
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9789289013598
ISBN 13: 9289013591
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evaluation in Health Promotion Book Review:

This book is the result of the WHO European Working Group on Health Promotion Evaluation which examined the current range of qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods to provide guidance to policy-makers and practitioners. It includes an extensive c