Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions
Author: Carla Guerriero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2019-12-11
ISBN 10: 0128129360
ISBN 13: 9780128129364
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions Book Review:

Cost-benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions clearly articulates the core principles and fundamental methodologies underpinning the modern economic assessment of environmental intervention on human health. Taking a practical approach, the book provides a step-by-step approach to assigning a monetary value to the health benefits and disbenefits arising from interventions, using environmental information and epidemiological evidence. It summarizes environmental risk factors and explores how to interpret and understand epidemiological data using concentration-response, exposure-response or dose-response techniques, explaining the environmental interventions available for each environmental risk factor. It evaluates in detail two of the most challenging stages of Cost-Benefit Analysis in ‘discounting’ and ‘accounting for uncertainty’. Further chapters describe how to analyze and critique results, evaluate potential alternatives to Cost-Benefit Analysis, and on how to engage with stakeholders to communicate the results of Cost-Benefit Analysis. The book includes a detailed case study how to conduct a Cost-Benefit Analysis. It is supported by an online website providing solution files and detailing the design of models using Excel. Provides a clear understanding of the core theory of cost-benefit analysis in environmental health interventions Provides practical guidance using real-world case studies to motivate and expand understanding Describes the challenging ‘discounting’ and ‘accounting for uncertainty’ problems at chapter length Supported by a practical case study, online solution files, and a practical guide to the design of CBA models using Excel

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions
Author: Carla Guerriero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 9780128128855
ISBN 13: 0128128852
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions Book Review:

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions provides a step-by-step approach to assigning monetary values to health interventions by using environmental information and epidemiological evidence. The book's authors articulate the core principles and fundamental methodologies underpinning the modern economic assessment of environmental intervention on human health. They summarize environmental risk factors and explore ways to interpret and understand epidemiological data. With concentration-response, exposure-response, and dose-response techniques, they explain the environmental interventions available for each environmental risk factor. Including extensive case studies and end of chapter exercises, this book is accompanied by a website that provides solution files and details the design of models using Excel. A practical guide for health economists and related professionals interested in assessing the economic impact of environmental influences on human health

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2006-01-30
ISBN 10: 926401005X
ISBN 13: 9789264010055
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments Book Review:

An in-depth assessment of the most recent conceptual and methodological developments in cost-benefit analysis and the environment.

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 7

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 7
Author: Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent,Olive Kobusingye,Kirk R. Smith
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-10-27
ISBN 10: 1464805237
ISBN 13: 9781464805233
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 7 Book Review:

The substantial burden of death and disability that results from interpersonal violence, road traffic injuries, unintentional injuries, occupational health risks, air pollution, climate change, and inadequate water and sanitation falls disproportionally on low- and middle-income countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health addresses the risk factors and presents updated data on the burden, as well as economic analyses of platforms and packages for delivering cost-effective and feasible interventions in these settings. The volume's contributors demonstrate that implementation of a range of prevention strategies-presented in an essential package of interventions and policies-could achieve a convergence in death and disability rates that would avert more than 7.5 million deaths a year.

Benefit cost Analysis in Environmental Health and Safety Regulation

Benefit cost Analysis in Environmental  Health  and Safety Regulation
Author: Kenneth Joseph Arrow,American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
Publsiher: A E I Press
Total Pages: 18
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105019227458
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Benefit cost Analysis in Environmental Health and Safety Regulation Book Review:

This primer highlights both the strengths and the limitations of benefit-cost analysis in the development, design, and implementation of regulatory reform.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 4884
Release: 2019-08-22
ISBN 10: 0444639527
ISBN 13: 9780444639523
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health Book Review:

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Second Edition presents the newest release in this fundamental reference that updates and broadens the umbrella of environmental health— especially social and environmental health—for its readers. There is ongoing revolution in governance, policies and intervention strategies aimed at evolving changes in health disparities, disease burden, trans-boundary transport and health hazards. This new edition reflects these realities, mapping new directions in the field that include how to minimize threats and develop new scientific paradigms that address emerging local, national and global environmental concerns. Represents a one-stop resource for scientifically reliable information on environmental health Fills a critical gap, with information on one of the most rapidly growing scientific fields of our time Provides comparative approaches to environmental health practice and research in different countries and regions of the world Covers issues behind specific questions and describes the best available scientific methods for environmental risk assessment

Environmental Health and Child Survival

Environmental Health and Child Survival
Author: World Bank
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2008-06-16
ISBN 10: 9780821372371
ISBN 13: 0821372378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Health and Child Survival Book Review:

Each year, millions of children in developing countries fall sick and die from diseases caused by polluted air, contaminated water and soil, and poor hygiene behavior. Repeated infectious also contribute to malnutrition in children, and subsequently impacts future learning and productivity. This book analyzes the linkages between malnutrition and environmental health, and assesses the burden of disease on young children, and its economic costs.

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost Effectiveness Analysis

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost Effectiveness Analysis
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee to Evaluate Measures of Health Benefits for Environmental, Health, and Safety Regulation
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2006-04-28
ISBN 10: 9780309164849
ISBN 13: 0309164842
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost Effectiveness Analysis Book Review:

Promoting human health and safety by reducing exposures to risks and harms through regulatory interventions is among the most important responsibilities of the government. Such efforts encompass a wide array of activities in many different contexts: improving air and water quality; safeguarding the food supply; reducing the risk of injury on the job, in transportation, and from consumer products; and minimizing exposure to toxic chemicals. Estimating the magnitude of the expected health and longevity benefits and reductions in mortality, morbidity, and injury risks helps policy makers decide whether particular interventions merit the expected costs associated with achieving these benefits and inform their choices among alternative strategies. Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis provides useful recommendations for how to measure health-related quality of- life impacts for diverse public health, safety, and environmental regulations. Public decision makers, regulatory analysts, scholars, and students in the field will find this an essential review text. It will become a standard reference for all government agencies and those consultants and contractors who support the work of regulatory programs.

Making Choices in Health

Making Choices in Health
Author: World Health Organization,T. Adam
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9789241546010
ISBN 13: 9241546018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Making Choices in Health Book Review:

"The Guide, in Part I, begins with a brief description of generalized CEA and how it relates to the two questions raised above. It then considers issues relating to study design, estimating costs, assessing health effects, discounting, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, and reporting results. Detailed discussions of selected technical issues and applications are provided in a series of background papers, originally published in journals, but included in this book for easy reference in Part II." (from the back cover).

Cleaning Pakistan s Air

Cleaning Pakistan   s Air
Author: Ernesto Sánchez-Triana,Santiago Enriquez,Javaid Afzal,Akiko Nakagawa,Asif Shuja Khan
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-06-26
ISBN 10: 146480236X
ISBN 13: 9781464802362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cleaning Pakistan s Air Book Review:

The extent of urban air pollution in Pakistan—South Asia's most urbanized country—is among the world’s most severe, significantly damaging human health, quality of life, and the economy and environment of Pakistan. The harm from Pakistan's urban air pollution is among the highest in South Asia, exceeding several high-profile causes of mortality and morbidity in Pakistan. Improved air quality management (AQM) in Pakistan can have notable economic and health benefits. For example, the estimated health benefits per dollar spent on cleaner diesel are approximately US $1–1.5 for light-duty diesel vehicles and US $1.5–2.4 for large buses and trucks. This report advocates that Pakistan allocate resources to AQM, because its air quality is severely affecting millions of Pakistanis, and because experiences around the world indicate that interventions can significantly improve air quality. This report details a broad spectrum of research on Pakistan’s AQM challenges, and identifies a comprehensive set of steps to improve air quality. The research presented here underpins the conclusions that addressing Pakistan's urban air pollution requires coordinated interventions to strengthen AQM, build agencies' institutional capacity, bolster AQM's legal and regulatory framework, implement policy reforms and investments, and fill knowledge gaps. However, Pakistan's policy makers face major obstacles, including limited financial, human, and technical resources, and can pursue only a few AQM interventions at the same time. In the short term, Pakistan's AQM should give highest priority to reducing pollutants linked to high morbidity and mortality: PM2.5 (and precursors like SOx and NOx) from mobile sources. A second-level short-term priority could be PM2.5, SOx, and emissions of toxic metals from stationary sources. An important medium-term priority should be mass transportation in major cities, controlling traffic, and restricting private cars during high-pollution episodes. A long-term priority could be taxing hydrocarbons, based on their contribution to greenhouse gases.

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments
Author: Annette Prüss-Üstün,Jennyfer Wolf,Carlos Corvalán,World Health Organization,Robert Bos,Dr. Maria Neira
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 9241565195
ISBN 13: 9789241565196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments Book Review:

"The main message emerging from this new comprehensive global assessment is that premature death and disease can be prevented through healthier environments--and to a significant degree. Analysing the latest data on the environment-disease nexus and the devastating impact of environmental hazards and risks on global health, backed up by expert opinion, this report covers more than 130 diseases and injuries. The analysis shows that 23% of global deaths (and 26% of deaths among children under five) are due to modifiable environmental factors--and therefore can be prevented. Stroke, ischaemic heart disease, diarrhoea and cancers head the list. People in low-income countries bear the greatest disease burden, with the exception of noncommunicable diseases. The report's unequivocal evidence should add impetus to coordinating global efforts to promote healthy environments--often through well-established, cost-effective interventions. This analysis will inform those who want to better understand the transformational spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals agreed by Heads of State in September 2015. The results of the analysis underscore the pressing importance of stronger intersectoral action to create healthier environments that will contribute to sustainably improving the lives of millions around the world."--Page 4 of cover.

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research
Author: Rhiannon Tudor Edwards,Emma McIntosh
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-03-14
ISBN 10: 0191057231
ISBN 13: 9780191057236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research Book Review:

In today's world of scare resources, determining the optimal allocation of funds to preventive health care interventions (PHIs) is a challenge. The upfront investments needed must be viewed as long term projects, the benefits of which we will experience in the future. The long term positive change to PHIs from economic investment can be seen across multiple sectors such as health care, education, employment and beyond. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is the fifth in the series of Handbooks in Health Economic Evaluation. It presents new research on health economics methodology and application to the evaluation of public health interventions. Looking at traditional as well as novel methods of economic evaluation, the book covers the history of economics of public health and the economic rationale for government investment in prevention. In addition, it looks at principles of health economics, evidence synthesis, key methods of economic evaluation with accompanying case studies, and much more. Looking to the future, Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research presents priorities for research in the field of public health economics. It acknowledges the role played by natural environment in promoting better health, and the place of genetics, environment and socioeconomic status in determining population health. Ideal for health economists, public health researchers, local government workers, health care professionals, and those responsible for health policy development. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is an important contribution to the economic discussion of public health and resource allocation.

Global Crises Global Solutions

Global Crises  Global Solutions
Author: Bjørn Lomborg
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 681
Release: 2009-07-09
ISBN 10: 0521517214
ISBN 13: 9780521517218
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Crises Global Solutions Book Review:

A timely collection of arguments and data for prioritizing responses to some of the most serious problems facing the world, such as climate change, communicable diseases, and financial instability, features contributions by economists from around the world. Simultaneous.

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change
Author: Melissa R. Marselle,Jutta Stadler,Horst Korn,Katherine N. Irvine,Aletta Bonn
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 481
Release: 2019-06-11
ISBN 10: 3030023184
ISBN 13: 9783030023188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change Book Review:

This open access book identifies and discusses biodiversity’s contribution to physical, mental and spiritual health and wellbeing. Furthermore, the book identifies the implications of this relationship for nature conservation, public health, landscape architecture and urban planning – and considers the opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation. This transdisciplinary book will attract a wide audience interested in biodiversity, ecology, resource management, public health, psychology, urban planning, and landscape architecture. The emphasis is on multiple human health benefits from biodiversity - in particular with respect to the increasing challenge of climate change. This makes the book unique to other books that focus either on biodiversity and physical health or natural environments and mental wellbeing. The book is written as a definitive ‘go-to’ book for those who are new to the field of biodiversity and health.

Budget Impact Analysis of Health Care Interventions

Budget Impact Analysis of Health Care Interventions
Author: Josephine Mauskopf,Stephanie R. Earnshaw,Anita Brogan,Sorrel Wolowacz,Thor-Henrik Brodtkorb
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-08-04
ISBN 10: 3319504827
ISBN 13: 9783319504827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Budget Impact Analysis of Health Care Interventions Book Review:

The first of its kind for budget-impact analysis, this comprehensive guide provides clear and concise instructions for evaluating the impact that new pharmaceuticals will have on the budget for a specific jurisdiction. The book demonstrates how to create a budget-impact analysis using a simple six-step process that is consistent with current guidelines for these analyses. Examples and exercises for each chapter afford an opportunity to practice the six-step process in practical applications. The book progresses from a framework for budget impact analyses to an in-depth review of components and how to develop and present these in software applications and reports. Critical considerations such as uncertainty analysis and validation, and considerations for alternate interventions, such as vaccines and diagnostics, are also covered. This book is a “must have” for the builder and budget holder, with builders benefiting from instructions to identify and estimate all necessary variables and budget holders receiving a guide to what should be included in the analyses they assess.

Basic Environmental Health

Basic Environmental Health
Author: Annalee Yassi
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 019513558X
ISBN 13: 9780195135589
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Environmental Health Book Review:

This comprehensive interdisciplinary text introduces the principles and methods needed to assess and manage environmental health risk. It presents an overview of the scientific basis of environmental health hazards and a basic approach to risk assessment and risk management. The book provides a thorough discussion of routes of exposure and addresses the relationship between environmental health and sustainable development. It also covers ethical issues and action planning.

Efficient Management of Wastewater

Efficient Management of Wastewater
Author: Ismail Al Baz,Ralf Otterpohl,Claudia Wendland
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 303
Release: 2008-01-12
ISBN 10: 9783540744924
ISBN 13: 3540744924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Efficient Management of Wastewater Book Review:

Water reuse management is one of the challenges all water scarce countries have to deal with in the coming decades. The present book highlights non-conventional solutions within the field of wastewater treatment and reuse predominantly for professionals and decision makers. It focuses on technologies which are reliable, sustainable, low cost and suitable for rural and sub urban areas. In addition, particularly innovative on-site concepts are presented.

Field Trials of Health Interventions

Field Trials of Health Interventions
Author: Richard H. Morrow,David A. Ross
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2015-06-11
ISBN 10: 0198732864
ISBN 13: 9780198732860
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Trials of Health Interventions Book Review:

Before new interventions can be used in disease control programmes, it is essential that they are carefully evaluated in "field trials", which may be complex and expensive undertakings. Descriptions of the detailed procedures and methods used in trials that have been conducted in the past have generally not been published. As a consequence, those planning such trials have few guidelines available and little access to previously accumulated knowledge. In this book the practical issues of trial design and conduct are discussed fully and in sufficient detail for the text to be used as a "toolbox" by field investigators. The toolbox has now been extensively tested through use of the first two editions and this third edition is a comprehensive revision, incorporating the many developments that have taken place with respect to trials since 1996 and involving more than 30 contributors. Most of the chapters have been extensively revised and 7 new chapters have been added.

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Further Developments and Policy Use

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Further Developments and Policy Use
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2018-06-25
ISBN 10: 9264085165
ISBN 13: 9789264085169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Further Developments and Policy Use Book Review:

This book explores recent developments in environmental cost-benefit analysis (CBA). This is defined as the application of CBA to projects or policies that have the deliberate aim of environmental improvement or are actions that affect, in some way, the natural environment as an indirect consequence

Investment for Health and Well being

Investment for Health and Well being
Author: Mariana Dyakova,Who Regional Office for Europe
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 84
Release: 2017-06
ISBN 10: 9289052597
ISBN 13: 9789289052597
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Investment for Health and Well being Book Review:

Governments across the WHO European Region need to take urgent action to address the growing public health, inequality, economic and environmental challenges in order to achieve sustainable development (meeting current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs) and to ensure health and well-being for present and future generations. Based on a scoping review, this report concludes that current investment policies and practices (doing business as usual) are unsustainable, with high costs to individuals, families, communities, societies, the economy and the planet. Investment in public health policies that are based on values and evidence provides effective and efficient, inclusive and innovative solutions that can drive social, economic and environmental sustainability. Investing for health and well-being is a driver and an enabler of sustainable development, and vice versa, and it empowers people to achieve the highest attainable standard of health for all.