Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
Author: Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2020-03-10
ISBN 10: 0128193603
ISBN 13: 9780128193600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale Book Review:

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale

Corrosion Protection and Control Using Nanomaterials

Corrosion Protection and Control Using Nanomaterials
Author: V S Saji,R. M. Cook
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2012-02-21
ISBN 10: 0857095803
ISBN 13: 9780857095800
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Protection and Control Using Nanomaterials Book Review:

Corrosion is an expensive and potentially dangerous problem in many industries. The potential application of different nanostructured materials in corrosion protection, prevention and control is a subject of increasing interest. Corrosion protection and control using nanomaterials explores the potential use of nanotechnology in corrosion control. The book is divided into two parts. Part one looks at the fundamentals of corrosion behaviour and the manufacture of nanocrystalline materials. Chapters discuss the impact of nanotechnology in reducing corrosion cost, and investigate the influence of various factors including thermodynamics, kinetics and grain size on the corrosion behaviour of nanocrystalline materials. There are also chapters on electrodeposition and the corrosion behaviour of electrodeposited nanocrystalline materials. Part two provides a series of case studies of applications of nanomaterials in corrosion control. Chapters review oxidation protection using nanocrystalline structures at various temperatures, sol- gel and self-healing nanocoatings and the use of nanoreservoirs and polymer nanocomposites in corrosion control. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Corrosion protection and control using nanomaterials is an invaluable reference tool for researchers and engineers working with nanomaterials in a variety of industries including, aerospace, automotive and chemical engineering as well as academics studying the unique protection and control offered by nanomaterials against corrosion. Explores the potential use of nanotechnology and nanomaterials for corrosion prevention, protection and control Discusses the impact of nanotechnology in reducing corrosion cost and investigates various factors on the corrosion behaviour of nanocrystalline materials Provides a series of case studies and applications of nanomaterials for corrosion control

Nanomaterials Based Coatings

Nanomaterials Based Coatings
Author: Phuong Nguyen Tri,Sami Rtimi,Claudiane M. Ouellet-Plamondon
Publsiher: Micro and Nano Technologies
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2019-06
ISBN 10: 9780128158845
ISBN 13: 0128158840
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanomaterials Based Coatings Book Review:

Coatings act as multifunctional and smart materials for products, as well as serving as physical barriers or decoration. Nanomaterials-enforced coatings are smarter, stronger and more durable. The barrier performance of organic coatings is enhanced by the incorporation of nanofillers, by decreasing the porosity and zigzagging the diffusion path for deleterious species. Coatings containing nanofillers, therefore have significant barrier properties for corrosion protection and reducing the trend for the coating to blister or delaminate. In addition, the functionalization of nanomaterials has led to advances in smart nanocomposite coatings, such as self-healing, anti-fouling, self-cleaning, antibacterial and cooling coatings. Nanomaterials-based Coatings emphasizes the fundamental concepts and promising applications of nanomaterial-based coatings in anticorrosion, antiwear, antibacterial, antifugal, self-leaning, superhydrophobic, superhard, super heat resistance, solar reflective, photocatalytic and radar absorbing coatings. It is an important information source for those seeking to understand the underlying phenomenal and fundamental mechanisms through which nanoparticles interact with polymeric and metallic matrices to create stronger coatings, and what their major applications are. Highlights the latest methods in design, preparation and characterization techniques for nanomaterials-based coatings Discusses emerging applications of nanomaterials-based coatings, including substrates protection, sustainable energy, environment and healthcare Assesses the major challenges in making nanomaterials-based coatings more reliable and cost-effective

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection against CBRN Threats

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection against CBRN Threats
Author: Plamen Petkov,Mohammed Essaid Achour,Cyril Popov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2020-07-29
ISBN 10: 9402420185
ISBN 13: 9789402420180
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection against CBRN Threats Book Review:

This book is based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection Against CBRN Threats” held in Sozopol, Bulgaria, September 2019. It gives a broad overview on this topic as it combines articles addressing the preparation and characterization of different nanoscaled materials (metals, oxides, glasses, polymers, carbon-based, etc.) in the form of nanowires, nanoparticles, nanocomposites, nanodots, thin films, etc. and contributions on their applications in diverse security and safety related fields. In addition, it presents an interdisciplinary approach drawing on the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology know-how of authors from Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Materials Science and Biology. A further plus-point of the book, which represents the knowledge of experts from over 20 countries, is the combination of longer papers introducing the background on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting specific applications in different security areas.

Nanocosmetics

Nanocosmetics
Author: Arun Nanda,Sanju Nanda,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Susai Rajendran,Yassine Slimani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2020-05-06
ISBN 10: 0128222859
ISBN 13: 9780128222850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanocosmetics Book Review:

Nanotechnology is key to the design and manufacture of the new generation of cosmetics. Nanotechnology can enhance the performance and properties of cosmetics, including colour, transparency, solubility, texture, and durability. Sunscreen products, such as UV nano-filters, nano-TiO2 and nano-ZnO particles, can offer an advantage over their traditional counterparts due to their broad UV-protection and non-cutaneous side effects. For perfumes, nano‐droplets can be found in cosmetic products including Eau de Toilette and Eau de Parfum. Nanomaterials can also be used in cosmetics as transdermal drug delivery systems. By using smart nanocontainers, active compounds such as vitamins, antioxidants, nutrients, and anti-inflammatory, anti-infective agents, can be delivered effectively. These smart nanocontainers are typically related with the smart releasing property for their embedded active substances. These smart releases could be obtained by using the smart coatings as their outer nano-shells. These nano-shells could prevent the direct contact between these active agents and the adjacent local environments. Nanocosmetics: Fundamentals, Applications and Toxicity explores the formulation design concepts and emerging applications of nanocosmetics. The book also focuses on the mitigation or prevention of their potential nanotoxicity, potential global regulatory challenges, and the technical challenges of mass implementation. It is an important reference source for materials scientists and pharmaceutical scientists looking to further their understanding of how nanotechnology is being used for the new generation of cosmetics. Outlines the major fabrication and formulation design concepts of nanoscale products for cosmetic applications Explores how nanomaterials can safely be used for various applications in cosmetic products Assesses the major challenges of using nanomaterials for cosmetic applications on a large scale

Nanostructured Coatings

Nanostructured Coatings
Author: Albano Cavaleiro,Jeff T. de Hosson
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2007-02-19
ISBN 10: 0387487565
ISBN 13: 9780387487564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Coatings Book Review:

This book delivers practical insight into a broad range of fields related to hard coatings, from their deposition and characterization up to the hardening and deformation mechanisms allowing the interpretation of results. The text examines relationships between structure/microstructure and mechanical properties from fundamental concepts, through types of coatings, to characterization techniques. The authors explore the search for coatings that can satisfy the criteria for successful implementation in real mechanical applications.

Handbook of Hot dip Galvanization

Handbook of Hot dip Galvanization
Author: Peter Maaß,Peter Peißker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2011-03-31
ISBN 10: 3527636897
ISBN 13: 9783527636891
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Hot dip Galvanization Book Review:

Hot-dip galvanization is a method for coating steel workpieces with a protective zinc film to enhance the corrosion resistance and to improve the mechanical material properties. Hot-dip galvanized steel is the material of choice underlying many modern buildings and constructions, such as train stations, bridges and metal domes. Based on the successful German version, this edition has been adapted to include international standards, regulations and best practices. The book systematically covers all steps in hot-dip galvanization: surface pre-treatment, process and systems technology, environmental issues, and quality management. As a result, the reader finds the fundamentals as well as the most important aspects of process technology and technical equipment, alongside contributions on workpiece requirements for optimal galvanization results and methods for applying additional protective coatings to the galvanized pieces. With over 200 illustrated examples, step-by-step instructions, presentations and reference tables, this is essential reading for apprentices and professionals alike.

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys
Author: Hanshan Dong
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2010-05-24
ISBN 10: 1845699459
ISBN 13: 9781845699451
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys Book Review:

The growing use of light alloys in industries such as aerospace, sports equipment and biomedical devices is driving research into surface engineering technologies to enhance their properties for the desired end use. Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys provides a comprehensive review of the latest technologies for modifying the surfaces of light alloys to improve their corrosion, wear and tribological properties. Part one discusses surface degradation of light alloys with chapters on corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys and protection techniques, wear properties of aluminium-based alloys and tribological behaviour of titanium alloys. Part two reviews surface engineering technologies for light alloys including anodising, plasma electrolytic oxidation, thermal spraying, cold spraying, physical vapour deposition, plasma assisted surface treatment, PIII/PSII treatments, laser surface modification, ceramic conversion and duplex treatments. Part three covers applications for surface engineered light alloys including sports equipment, biomedical devices and plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodised aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys is a standard reference for engineers, metallurgists and materials scientists looking for a comprehensive source of information on surface engineering of aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys. Discusses surface degradation of light alloys considering corrosion behaviour and wear and tribological properties Examines surface engineering technologies and modification featuring plasma electrolytic oxidation treatments and both thermal and cold spraying Reviews applications for engineered light alloys in sports equipment, biomedical devices and spacecraft

Noble and Precious Metals

Noble and Precious Metals
Author: Mohindar Seehra,Alan Bristow
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 1789232929
ISBN 13: 9781789232929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Noble and Precious Metals Book Review:

The use of copper, silver, gold and platinum in jewelry as a measure of wealth is well known. This book contains 19 chapters written by international authors on other uses and applications of noble and precious metals (copper, silver, gold, platinum, palladium, iridium, osmium, rhodium, ruthenium, and rhenium). The topics covered include surface-enhanced Raman scattering, quantum dots, synthesis and properties of nanostructures, and its applications in the diverse fields such as high-tech engineering, nanotechnology, catalysis, and biomedical applications. The basis for these applications is their high-free electron concentrations combined with high-temperature stability and corrosion resistance and methods developed for synthesizing nanostructures. Recent developments in all these areas with up-to-date references are emphasized.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water
Author: Mamadou Diallo,Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2009-02-12
ISBN 10: 9780815519737
ISBN 13: 0815519737
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Book Review:

The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book. Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal. From the Foreword: "Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs." - Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative • Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa • Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications • Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. • Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors • Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.

Coatings for Corrosion Protection

Coatings for Corrosion Protection
Author: M. Rohwerder,V. J. Gelling
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 121
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1566779472
ISBN 13: 9781566779470
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coatings for Corrosion Protection Book Review:

Practical Nanotechnology for Petroleum Engineers

Practical Nanotechnology for Petroleum Engineers
Author: Chun Huh,Hugh Daigle,Valentina Prigiobbe,Masa Prodanovic
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2019-03-04
ISBN 10: 1351210351
ISBN 13: 9781351210355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Nanotechnology for Petroleum Engineers Book Review:

This book is a concise but well-organized introduction to nanotechnology (NT) which the upstream oil industry is now vigorously adapting to develop its own unique applications for improved oilfield operations and, oil and gas production. Its reader will learn nanotechnology fundamentals, be introduced to important NT products and applications from other industries and learn about the current state of development of various NT applications in the upstream oil industry, which include innovative use of nanoparticles for enhanced oil recovery; drilling and completions; reservoir sensing; and production operations and flow assurance. Key Features Exclusive title on potential of nanoparticle-based agents and interventions for improving myriad of oilfield operations Unique guide for nanotechnology applications developers and users for oil and gas production Introduces nanotechnology for oil and gas managers and engineers Includes research data discussions relevant to field Offers a practical applications-oriented approach

Nanotechnology Applications in Coatings

Nanotechnology Applications in Coatings
Author: Raymond H. Fernando,Li-Piin Sung
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 433
Release: 2009-09-10
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015075677289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Applications in Coatings Book Review:

This book highlights scientific advancements and recent applications of nanotechnology in polymeric coatings. Key focus areas are nanocomposite coatings, nanostructured specialty coatings, and advanced characterization techniques.

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys
Author: S H Whang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2011-03-22
ISBN 10: 0857091123
ISBN 13: 9780857091123
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys Book Review:

Tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility are important properties of nanostructured metallic materials, which make them suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Nanostructured metals and alloys reviews the latest technologies used for production of these materials, as well as recent advances in research into their structure and mechanical properties. One of the most important issues facing nanostructured metals and alloys is how to produce them. Part one describes the different methods used to process bulk nanostructured metals and alloys, including chapters on severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying and electrodeposition among others. Part two concentrates on the microstructure and properties of nanostructured metals, with chapters studying deformation structures such as twins, microstructure of ferrous alloys by equal channel angular processing, and characteristic structures of nanostructured metals prepared by plastic deformation. In part three, the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals and alloys are discussed, with chapters on such topics as strengthening mechanisms, nanostructured metals based on molecular dynamics computer simulations, and surface deformation. Part four focuses on existing and developing applications of nanostructured metals and alloys, covering topics such as nanostructured steel for automotives, steel sheet and nanostructured coatings by spraying. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanostructured metals and alloys is a standard reference for manufacturers of metal components, as well as those with an academic research interest in metals and materials with enhanced properties.

An Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

An Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Author: Alain Nouailhat
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2010-01-05
ISBN 10: 047039353X
ISBN 13: 9780470393536
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book Review:

This book recalls the basics required for an understanding of the nanoworld (quantum physics, molecular biology, micro and nanoelectronics) and gives examples of applications in various fields: materials, energy, devices, data management and life sciences. It is clearly shown how the nanoworld is at the crossing point of knowledge and innovation. Written by an expert who spent a large part of his professional life in the field, the title also gives a general insight into the evolution of nanosciences and nanotechnologies. The reader is thus provided with an introduction to this complex area with different "tracks" for further personal comprehension and reflection. This guided and illustrated tour also reveals the importance of the nanoworld in everyday life.

Engineering Applications of Nanotechnology

Engineering Applications of Nanotechnology
Author: Viswanatha Sharma Korada,Nor Hisham B Hamid
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2017-01-09
ISBN 10: 3319297619
ISBN 13: 9783319297613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Applications of Nanotechnology Book Review:

This book focuses on the use of nanotechnology in several fields of engineering. Among others, the reader will find valuable information as to how nanotechnology can aid in extending the life of component materials exposed to corrosive atmospheres, in thermal fluid energy conversion processes, anti-reflection coatings on photovoltaic cells to yield enhanced output from solar cells, in connection with friction and wear reduction in automobiles, and buoyancy suppression in free convective heat transfer. Moreover, this unique resource presents the latest research on nanoscale transport phenomena and concludes with a look at likely future trends.

Developments in Corrosion Protection

Developments in Corrosion Protection
Author: Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 710
Release: 2014-02-20
ISBN 10: 9535112236
ISBN 13: 9789535112235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developments in Corrosion Protection Book Review:

One of the first thing that comes to your mind after hearing the term “corrosion” is corrosion of a metal. Corrosion is a basically harmful phenomenon, but it can be useful in some cases. For instance, environment’s pollution with corrosion products and damage to the performance of a system are among its harmful effects, whereas electric energy generation in a battery and cathodic protection of many structures are among its advantages. However, these advantages are almost nothing as compared to the costs and effects imposed by its detrimental influences. The enormous costs of this phenomenon can be better understand through studying the published statistics on direct and indirect corrosion damages on economy of governments. The direct cost of corrosion is near 3 % of the gross domestic product (GDP) of USA. Considering this huge cost, it is necessary to develop and expand the corrosion science and its protection technologies.

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification
Author: Sabu Thomas,Daniel Pasquini,Shao-Yuan Leu,Deepu A Gopakumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 890
Release: 2018-11-14
ISBN 10: 0128139277
ISBN 13: 9780128139271
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification Book Review:

Novel nanoscale materials are now an essential part of meeting the current and future needs for clean water, and are at the heart of the development of novel technologies to desalinate water. The unique properties of nanomaterials and their convergence with current treatment technologies present great opportunities to revolutionize water and wastewater treatment. Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharidebased nanoparticles, nanocatalysts, and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design

Smart Nanocontainers

Smart Nanocontainers
Author: Phuong Nguyen Tri,Trong-On Do,Tuan Anh Nguyen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2019-11-08
ISBN 10: 0128168919
ISBN 13: 9780128168912
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Nanocontainers Book Review:

Smart Nanocontainers explores the fundamental concepts and emerging applications of nanocontainers in biomedicine, pharmaceuticals and smart materials. In pharmaceuticals, nanocontainers have advantages over their micro-counterparts, including more efficient drug detoxification, higher intracellular uptake, better stability, less side effects and higher biocompatibility with tissue and cells. In materials science, such as coating technology, they help by making coatings smarter, stronger and more durable. This important reference will help anyone who wants to learn more on how nanocontainers are used to provide the controlled release of active agents, including their applications in smart coatings, corrosion, drug delivery, diagnosis, agri-food and gas storage. Discusses how the molecular design of nanocarriers can be optimized to increase performance Explores how nanocarriers are being used to produce a new generation of active coatings Explains how nanocarriers are being used to deliver more effective nanoscale drug delivery

Small Wonders Endless Frontiers

Small Wonders  Endless Frontiers
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee for the Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 68
Release: 2002-09-10
ISBN 10: 0309169445
ISBN 13: 9780309169448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Wonders Endless Frontiers Book Review:

Nanoscale science and technology, often referred to as "nanoscience" or "nanotechnology," are science and engineering enabled by our relatively new ability to manipulate and characterize matter at the level of single atoms and small groups of atoms. This capability is the result of many developments in the last two decades of the 20th century, including inventions of scientific instruments like the scanning tunneling microscope. Using such tools, scientists and engineers have begun controlling the structure and properties of materials and systems at the scale of 10?9 meters, or 1/100,000 the width of a human hair. Scientists and engineers anticipate that nanoscale work will enable the development of materials and systems with dramatic new properties relevant to virtually every sector of the economy, such as medicine, telecommunications, and computers, and to areas of national interest such as homeland security. Indeed, early products based on nanoscale technology have already found their way into the marketplace and into defense applications. In 1996, as the tremendous scientific and economic potential of nanoscale science and technology was beginning to be recognized, a federal interagency working group formed to consider creation of a national nanotechnology initiative (NNI). As a result of this effort, around $1 billion has been directed toward NNI research since the start of FY 2001. At the request of officials in the White House National Economic Council and agencies that are participating in NNI, the National Research Council (NRC) agreed to review the NNI. The Committee for the Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative was formed by the NRC and asked to consider topics such as the current research portfolio of the NNI, the suitability of federal investments, and interagency coordination efforts in this area.